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Types of Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s work or ideas as
your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it
into your work without full acknowledgement.
All published and unpublished material, whether in
manuscript, printed or electronic form, is covered under
this definition.
Plagiarism may be intentional or reckless, or unintentional.
Under the regulations for examinations, intentional or
reckless plagiarism is a disciplinary offence.
Accidental Plagiarism
plagiarism may be accidental if it occurred because of
neglect, mistake, or unintentional paraphrasing.
Students are likely to commit accidental plagiarism.
Complete Plagiarism
Complete plagiarism is the most severe form of plagiarism
where a researcher takes a manuscript or study that
someone else created, and submits it under his or her
name.
It is equivalent to
intellectual theft and stealing.
Source-based Plagiarism 1
Not existing references
• If the source is incorrect or does not exist, it is a misleading
citation.
Misuse if sources
•The uses of a secondary source of data or information, but only
cites the primary source.
Source-based Plagiarism 2
Data fabrication and falsification
Data fabrication is the making up of data and research findings,
while data falsification involves changing or omitting data to give
a false impression.
The consequences of this type of plagiarism can be grave
because it can adversely affect decisions.
Direct Plagiarism
Direct or verbatim plagiarism occurs when an author copies the
text of another author, word for word, without the use of
quotation marks or attribution, thus passing it as his or her own.
This type of plagiarism is considered dishonest and it calls for
academic disciplinary actions.
It is not as common, but it is a serious infraction of academic
rules and ethics.
Self or Auto Plagiarism
Auto-plagiarism, also known as self-plagiarism or duplication, happens
when an author reuses significant portions of his or her previously
published work without attribution.
Many academic journals, have strict criteria on the percentage of
author’s work that is reusable.
Paraphrasing plagiarism
The most common type of plagiarism.
It involves the use of someone else’s writing with
some minor changes in the sentences and using it
as one’s own.
Even if the words differ, the original idea remains
the same and plagiarism occurs.
I
Inaccurate Authorship
Inaccurate authorship or misleading attribution can happen in two ways:
• In one form, when an individual contributes to a manuscript but does not get credit for it.
The second form is the opposite: when an individual gets credit without contributing to the
work. This type of plagiarism, whichever way it occurs, is a violation of the code of
conduct in research.
• It is also possible to commit this form of plagiarism when someone else edits a
manuscript, leading to substantive changes. In this case, the recommendation is to
acknowledge the contributors at the time of publication, even if they are not listed as
authors.
Mosaic Plagiarism
Mosaic plagiarism may be more difficult to detect because
it interlays someone else’s phrases or text within its own
research. It is also known as
patchwork plagiarism
and it is intentional and dishonest.
the seriousness and commonness of different types of plagiarism.
The graph bellow is interactive on
www.ithenticate.com
References
Research ethis, decoding plagiarism and attribution.
Research Ethics: Decoding Plagiarism and Attribution (ithenticate.com)
The ethic of self-plagiarism.
ith-selfplagiarism-whitepaper.pdf (hubspotusercontent30.net)
The interactive graph for plagiarism and attribution.
Decoding Plagiarism and Attribution (ithenticate.com)

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Plagiarism.pptx

  • 2. Plagiarism Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s work or ideas as your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it into your work without full acknowledgement. All published and unpublished material, whether in manuscript, printed or electronic form, is covered under this definition. Plagiarism may be intentional or reckless, or unintentional. Under the regulations for examinations, intentional or reckless plagiarism is a disciplinary offence.
  • 3. Accidental Plagiarism plagiarism may be accidental if it occurred because of neglect, mistake, or unintentional paraphrasing. Students are likely to commit accidental plagiarism.
  • 4. Complete Plagiarism Complete plagiarism is the most severe form of plagiarism where a researcher takes a manuscript or study that someone else created, and submits it under his or her name. It is equivalent to intellectual theft and stealing.
  • 5. Source-based Plagiarism 1 Not existing references • If the source is incorrect or does not exist, it is a misleading citation. Misuse if sources •The uses of a secondary source of data or information, but only cites the primary source.
  • 6. Source-based Plagiarism 2 Data fabrication and falsification Data fabrication is the making up of data and research findings, while data falsification involves changing or omitting data to give a false impression. The consequences of this type of plagiarism can be grave because it can adversely affect decisions.
  • 7. Direct Plagiarism Direct or verbatim plagiarism occurs when an author copies the text of another author, word for word, without the use of quotation marks or attribution, thus passing it as his or her own. This type of plagiarism is considered dishonest and it calls for academic disciplinary actions. It is not as common, but it is a serious infraction of academic rules and ethics.
  • 8. Self or Auto Plagiarism Auto-plagiarism, also known as self-plagiarism or duplication, happens when an author reuses significant portions of his or her previously published work without attribution. Many academic journals, have strict criteria on the percentage of author’s work that is reusable.
  • 9. Paraphrasing plagiarism The most common type of plagiarism. It involves the use of someone else’s writing with some minor changes in the sentences and using it as one’s own. Even if the words differ, the original idea remains the same and plagiarism occurs.
  • 10. I Inaccurate Authorship Inaccurate authorship or misleading attribution can happen in two ways: • In one form, when an individual contributes to a manuscript but does not get credit for it. The second form is the opposite: when an individual gets credit without contributing to the work. This type of plagiarism, whichever way it occurs, is a violation of the code of conduct in research. • It is also possible to commit this form of plagiarism when someone else edits a manuscript, leading to substantive changes. In this case, the recommendation is to acknowledge the contributors at the time of publication, even if they are not listed as authors.
  • 11. Mosaic Plagiarism Mosaic plagiarism may be more difficult to detect because it interlays someone else’s phrases or text within its own research. It is also known as patchwork plagiarism and it is intentional and dishonest.
  • 12. the seriousness and commonness of different types of plagiarism. The graph bellow is interactive on www.ithenticate.com
  • 13. References Research ethis, decoding plagiarism and attribution. Research Ethics: Decoding Plagiarism and Attribution (ithenticate.com) The ethic of self-plagiarism. ith-selfplagiarism-whitepaper.pdf (hubspotusercontent30.net) The interactive graph for plagiarism and attribution. Decoding Plagiarism and Attribution (ithenticate.com)