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W h a t is p la g ia r is m ?

                Candace Perkins Bowen
                   Kent State University
                  JEA/NSPA, Spring 12
F ir s t , s o m e
d e f in it io n s
   “The act of passing off as one’s own the
    ideas or writings of another.”
                                Appendix to the Honor Council pamphlet,
               “Acknowledging the Work of Others,” Georgetown University

   “… Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to,
    the knowing or intentional failure to attribute
    language or ideas to their original source, in
    the manner required by the academic
    discipline (such as … footnote citations …)
    or in the manner required by journalism
    practice (such as by quotation marks and
    attribution in a journalistic presentation)…”
                    Medill School of Journalism, Northwestern University,
                                              Policy of Academic Integrity
    “The unauthorized use or close
    imitation of the language and
    thoughts of another author and the
    representation of them as one’s own
    original work.”
                   The Random House Dictionary
L e v e ls o f
p la g ia r is m :
       D o e s o n e s iz e f it a ll?
   Turning in someone else’s work as yours
   Leaving out quotation marks for a quote
   Not indicating the source of information
   Changing words but leaving the structure the
    same
   Copying so much of the idea it is no longer
    the writer’s work
Is t h is a b ig
p Penn b l esupplies students and faculty

  r o State m ?
  with Plagiarism Prevention Resources
 Plagiarism Tutorials for Students Student
  tutorial on plagiarism, inappropriate
  paraphrase, citations and academic honesty
 Plagiarism Detection and Prevention: An Instructor
   Instructor guide to strategies for detecting
  and preventing plagiarism in the classroom
 Plagiarism Links Links to plagiarism policy
  pages, guides, quizzes, citation guidelines,
  basic copyright
http://www.tlt.psu.edu/plagiarism
H ig h e r s t a n d a r d
f o r m e d ia ?
    Seek Truth and Report It
     Journalists should be honest, fair and
     courageous in gathering, reporting and
     interpreting information.
                       Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics


    Professional electronic journalists should
     operate as trustees of the public, seek the
     truth, report it fairly and with integrity and
     independence, and stand accountable for
     their actions.
                             Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct,
                           Radio-Television News Directors Association
W h a t d o jo u r n a lis t s
s a y?
   Two things have changed when it comes to
    new media technologies and plagiarism:
    Plagiarism is much easier to commit. And
    plagiarism is much easier to detect. I believe
    that all news organization should randomly
    filter the stories of staffers through the
    plagiarism detection software. Kind of like
    urine tests for texts. .
                    Is Plagiarism More Likely in the Internet Age?
                                     Roy Peter Clark Talks About
                      How to Avoid Plagiarism in an Online World
                                By Tony Rogers, About.com Guide
W h a t a b o u t c o lle g e
m e d ia ?
 Plagiarism
 When you plagiarize, you violate two of the most important
 standards we uphold as journalists: honesty and accuracy. This
 document is to help you understand the Cronkite School’s
 standard on plagiarism and what is expected of you as a Cronkite
 student.
 Plagiarism consists of using someone else’s words, phrases,
 sentences or ideas without giving credit. This is true whether you
 do it intentionally or inadvertently.
 Students most often get into trouble when they cut and paste
 information from the Internet. There are two main ways to avoid
 this and other kinds of plagiarism:
     – Quote and attribute. Use the exact words in quotation marks and include
       who said it or wrote it.
     – Paraphrase and attribute: Use your own words, but still include who said it
       or wrote it.
                                                                             ASU
                                                  Walter Cronkite School of JMC
Wha t a b o ut the
pros ?
Jerry Ceppos, former vice president for news
 of Knight Ridder and now dean at LSU:
 –   Every American newspaper has a problem with plagiarism.

 –   American journalism schools give ethics instruction short shrift.
     (Hynes study: Only half have an ethics course.)

 –   Knight Ridder has a virtually zero-tolerance rule. “We decided --
     and this happened at the highest levels -- that when someone is
     fired because of plagiarism, when a reference check comes in …
     we will say, “the guy was fired for plagiarism.”
                                           Interview with John McManus,
                                     GradeTheNews.com, Jan. 13, 2006
   Grand Forks (N.D.) Herald
     –   Plagiarism is one of journalism’s unforgivable sins — and, at this
         newspaper, a dismissible offense. Material taken from other
         newspapers and other media must be attributed.

   San Jose (Calif.) Mercury News
     –   Plagiarism exists in many forms, from the wholesale lifting of
         someone else’s writing to the publication of a press release as
         news without attribution. The daily newspaper should be an
         original work. Do not borrow someone else’s words without
         attribution.

   Sioux Falls (S.D.) Leader
     –   Plagiarism will not be tolerated.

   Beaumont (Texas) Enterprise
     –   Plagiarism is the act of lifting the words and work of others and
         representing it as one’s own. It will be a firing offense at The
         Enterprise.

                              Compiled by the Society of Professional Journalists
‘You can quote me on that….’
   Advice on attribution for journalists, by
    Steve Buttry, Oct. 31, 2011
    –   MiddletownPress.com article from Patch

   “Attribution is one of journalism’s most
    serious issues. Plagiarism is
    inexcusable.”
    –   “How do you know that? Attribution is a key
        ingredient in any story’s credibility.”
“When should we attribute?
   Attribute any time that attribution strengthens
    the credibility of a story.
   Attribute any time you are using someone
    else’s words.
   Attribute when you are reporting information
    gathered by other journalists.
   Attribute when you are not certain of facts.
   Attribute statements of opinion.
   When you wonder whether you should attribute,
    you probably should attribute in some fashion.”
                                                Steve Buttry
                                ‘You can quote me on that….’
W h a t c a n YO U d o
a b o u t it ?
 Make expectations clear to staffers
 Use a high-tech method to combat?
  (i.e. Turnitin.com)
 Have clear consequences/policy
    –   F on article?
    –   F for the course?
    –   Kicked off staff? Suspended temporarily?
    –   Write and publish an apology

        http://www.slideshare.net/candaceperkinsbowen/plagiarism-jea12

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Plagiarism jeas12

  • 1. W h a t is p la g ia r is m ? Candace Perkins Bowen Kent State University JEA/NSPA, Spring 12
  • 2. F ir s t , s o m e d e f in it io n s  “The act of passing off as one’s own the ideas or writings of another.” Appendix to the Honor Council pamphlet, “Acknowledging the Work of Others,” Georgetown University  “… Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the knowing or intentional failure to attribute language or ideas to their original source, in the manner required by the academic discipline (such as … footnote citations …) or in the manner required by journalism practice (such as by quotation marks and attribution in a journalistic presentation)…” Medill School of Journalism, Northwestern University, Policy of Academic Integrity
  • 3. “The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one’s own original work.” The Random House Dictionary
  • 4. L e v e ls o f p la g ia r is m : D o e s o n e s iz e f it a ll?  Turning in someone else’s work as yours  Leaving out quotation marks for a quote  Not indicating the source of information  Changing words but leaving the structure the same  Copying so much of the idea it is no longer the writer’s work
  • 5. Is t h is a b ig p Penn b l esupplies students and faculty  r o State m ? with Plagiarism Prevention Resources  Plagiarism Tutorials for Students Student tutorial on plagiarism, inappropriate paraphrase, citations and academic honesty  Plagiarism Detection and Prevention: An Instructor Instructor guide to strategies for detecting and preventing plagiarism in the classroom  Plagiarism Links Links to plagiarism policy pages, guides, quizzes, citation guidelines, basic copyright http://www.tlt.psu.edu/plagiarism
  • 6. H ig h e r s t a n d a r d f o r m e d ia ?  Seek Truth and Report It Journalists should be honest, fair and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information. Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics  Professional electronic journalists should operate as trustees of the public, seek the truth, report it fairly and with integrity and independence, and stand accountable for their actions. Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, Radio-Television News Directors Association
  • 7. W h a t d o jo u r n a lis t s s a y?  Two things have changed when it comes to new media technologies and plagiarism: Plagiarism is much easier to commit. And plagiarism is much easier to detect. I believe that all news organization should randomly filter the stories of staffers through the plagiarism detection software. Kind of like urine tests for texts. . Is Plagiarism More Likely in the Internet Age? Roy Peter Clark Talks About How to Avoid Plagiarism in an Online World By Tony Rogers, About.com Guide
  • 8. W h a t a b o u t c o lle g e m e d ia ? Plagiarism When you plagiarize, you violate two of the most important standards we uphold as journalists: honesty and accuracy. This document is to help you understand the Cronkite School’s standard on plagiarism and what is expected of you as a Cronkite student. Plagiarism consists of using someone else’s words, phrases, sentences or ideas without giving credit. This is true whether you do it intentionally or inadvertently. Students most often get into trouble when they cut and paste information from the Internet. There are two main ways to avoid this and other kinds of plagiarism: – Quote and attribute. Use the exact words in quotation marks and include who said it or wrote it. – Paraphrase and attribute: Use your own words, but still include who said it or wrote it. ASU Walter Cronkite School of JMC
  • 9. Wha t a b o ut the pros ? Jerry Ceppos, former vice president for news of Knight Ridder and now dean at LSU: – Every American newspaper has a problem with plagiarism. – American journalism schools give ethics instruction short shrift. (Hynes study: Only half have an ethics course.) – Knight Ridder has a virtually zero-tolerance rule. “We decided -- and this happened at the highest levels -- that when someone is fired because of plagiarism, when a reference check comes in … we will say, “the guy was fired for plagiarism.” Interview with John McManus, GradeTheNews.com, Jan. 13, 2006
  • 10. Grand Forks (N.D.) Herald – Plagiarism is one of journalism’s unforgivable sins — and, at this newspaper, a dismissible offense. Material taken from other newspapers and other media must be attributed.  San Jose (Calif.) Mercury News – Plagiarism exists in many forms, from the wholesale lifting of someone else’s writing to the publication of a press release as news without attribution. The daily newspaper should be an original work. Do not borrow someone else’s words without attribution.  Sioux Falls (S.D.) Leader – Plagiarism will not be tolerated.  Beaumont (Texas) Enterprise – Plagiarism is the act of lifting the words and work of others and representing it as one’s own. It will be a firing offense at The Enterprise. Compiled by the Society of Professional Journalists
  • 11. ‘You can quote me on that….’  Advice on attribution for journalists, by Steve Buttry, Oct. 31, 2011 – MiddletownPress.com article from Patch  “Attribution is one of journalism’s most serious issues. Plagiarism is inexcusable.” – “How do you know that? Attribution is a key ingredient in any story’s credibility.”
  • 12. “When should we attribute?  Attribute any time that attribution strengthens the credibility of a story.  Attribute any time you are using someone else’s words.  Attribute when you are reporting information gathered by other journalists.  Attribute when you are not certain of facts.  Attribute statements of opinion.  When you wonder whether you should attribute, you probably should attribute in some fashion.” Steve Buttry ‘You can quote me on that….’
  • 13. W h a t c a n YO U d o a b o u t it ?  Make expectations clear to staffers  Use a high-tech method to combat? (i.e. Turnitin.com)  Have clear consequences/policy – F on article? – F for the course? – Kicked off staff? Suspended temporarily? – Write and publish an apology http://www.slideshare.net/candaceperkinsbowen/plagiarism-jea12