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According to the Merriam-Webster Online
Dictionary (http://www.m-w.com), to
plagiarize means:
“transitive senses : to steal and pass off (the
ideas or words of another) as one's own : use
(another's production) without crediting the
source
intransitive senses : to commit literary theft
: present as new and original an idea or
product derived from an existing source”
Can you translate this Latin term?
The Latin word, plagiarius, means kidnap or
plunder. Plagiarism is kidnapping in the
academic sense.
-Plagiarism: a how-not-to guide for
students, 2009
It is ethically wrong to falsely pass off
information as your own.
 Using work from another source and not citing the
source.
 Not putting quotation marks around a quotation.
 Providing false information about where a
quotation was derived: fabricating.
 Reworking the words but keeping the exact same
structure.
 Claiming others’ works to be yours.
 Using the intellectual property of others
without seeking permission.
 Even by citing your source and giving
attribution to the creator, copyright
infringement can be claimed if the owner
chooses to file a complaint.
Why do students and faculty and
researchers plagiarize?
 Pressure to get published.
 In a hurry, don’t have time.
 Pressure to get promotion and tenure.
 Pressure to get a good grade .
 Pressure to hand in the paper and move on.
 Students are used to downloading music and
movies
 Students are used to brief twitter-sized
snippets (w/o attribution)
 Students are used to posting quotes on social
media without attributing the source
 In our digital environment, students are open
to sharing and don’t think of giving
attribution
International students don’t always understand
U. S. intellectual property laws.
It can be challenging for international students
to write with command of the English
language, making paraphrasing difficult.
Sometimes in elementary school you may have been
told that if your information comes from an
encyclopedia or a dictionary it is common knowledge
and does not need to be cited. That is a MAYBE. What
is common knowledge?
Common knowledge consists of:
oInformation that is easily observed – the sky is blue,
but not a detailed explanation of why the sky is blue.
oCommonly reported facts – George Washington was the
first president of the United States, but not the
information that historians have to say about Washington.
oCommon sayings such as proverbs – “Waste not, want
not;” “Look before you leap.”
Common knowledge does not need to be cited, but be
sure that what you are using really is common
knowledge. When in doubt ask either your instructor or a
librarian.
Are there levels of consequences depending on
the severity of plagiarized content?
Is eating a grape in the grocery store equal to
stealing a car in the parking lot?- Blum, Susan D. My Word! Plagiarism
and college culture, Cornell University Press, 2009.
“El plagio, la copia, parafraseo o cita
de ideas u opiniones sin dar créditos a
la fuente original, no se acepta en esta
asignatura. El estudiante que incurra
en esta falta académica no aprobará el
trabajo y se le colocará la nota mínima
de evaluación”.
 Paraphrasing means more than just rewording something you’ve read.
 Paraphrasing means that you are restating something you’ve read.
 Restating something you’ve read requires you to use quotations when you
are using the exact words of another writer.
 Make sure your quotes don’t exceed the fair use guidelines.
 Use longer quotes when the content provides something you can’t: a
well-turned phrase, an expert opinion or statement.
 At the end of your restatement, attribute the original source according to
the writing style manual assigned by your instructor.
 Your research paper should be a combination of paraphrasing and your
own original ideas about the topic.
 When in doubt, cite!
 Google, Google Scholar, Google Books Search
“quotations” (usually near the top).
 Amazon .
 Wikipedia.
 Nearest resources- textbooks, the other
items cited .
 Classmates’ citations.
There are many sites that will sell you an
essay or term paper. Presenting this
material as your own is plagiarism. Some of
the papers for sale sites do have disclaimers
saying that you must cite their work.
REMEMBER, IF YOU
CAN FIND IT, SO CAN
YOUR PROFESSOR!
You may have been told that if you put
something into your own words, you
need not cite. This is incorrect. The
material is still someone else’s idea
and requires acknowledgement.
Paraphrasing requires a citation.
Do you know how to paraphrase correctly?
Paraphrasing is more than simply rewording the
original material!
oIt must be almost entirely in your own words. You
must use new synonyms and new phrases. Only
technical terms should be repeated.
oAny exact words that are retained should have
quotation marks around them.
oThe sentence structure should be yours, not the
same as in the source.
oDo not add ideas, interpretations, explanations, or
assessments.
Examples:
Source:
Unless steps are taken to provide a
predictable and stable energy supply in the
face of growing demand, the nation may be
in danger of sudden power losses or even
extended blackouts, thus damaging our
industrial and information-based economies.
– John Doe, 1999, p.231.
Inadequate paraphrase:
Doe (1999) recommends that the
government take action to provide a
predictable and stable energy supply
because of constantly growing demand.
Otherwise, we may be in danger of
losing power or even experiencing
extended blackouts. These
circumstances could damage our
industrial and information-based
economy. (p.231).
The inadequate paraphrase is guilty of plagiarism
even though the material is cited correctly. The
writer has used too many word-for-word phases
from the source. Also, the order of the ideas is
unchanged from the source.
Compare the following correct paraphrase:
Doe (1999) believes that we must find a
more reliable source of energy if we are
to have a dependable electricity supply.
Without this, the nation’s economic
base may be damaged by blackouts
(p.231).
Using Sources Effectively: Strengthening Your Writing and Avoiding Plagiarism. Robert A.
Harris. Los Angeles, California: Pyrczak Publishers, 2002.
Quotations should be used sparingly. They must be
exact, word-for-word as they appear in the original
document.
Quotes require a citation in addition to the use of
quote marks.
Using Sources Effectively: Strengthening Your Writing and Avoiding Plagiarism.
Robert A. Harris. Los Angeles, California: Pyrczak Publishers, 2002.
Plagiarism

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Plagiarism

  • 1.
  • 2. According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (http://www.m-w.com), to plagiarize means: “transitive senses : to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own : use (another's production) without crediting the source intransitive senses : to commit literary theft : present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source”
  • 3. Can you translate this Latin term?
  • 4. The Latin word, plagiarius, means kidnap or plunder. Plagiarism is kidnapping in the academic sense. -Plagiarism: a how-not-to guide for students, 2009 It is ethically wrong to falsely pass off information as your own.
  • 5.  Using work from another source and not citing the source.  Not putting quotation marks around a quotation.  Providing false information about where a quotation was derived: fabricating.  Reworking the words but keeping the exact same structure.  Claiming others’ works to be yours.
  • 6.  Using the intellectual property of others without seeking permission.  Even by citing your source and giving attribution to the creator, copyright infringement can be claimed if the owner chooses to file a complaint.
  • 7.
  • 8. Why do students and faculty and researchers plagiarize?
  • 9.  Pressure to get published.  In a hurry, don’t have time.  Pressure to get promotion and tenure.  Pressure to get a good grade .  Pressure to hand in the paper and move on.
  • 10.  Students are used to downloading music and movies  Students are used to brief twitter-sized snippets (w/o attribution)  Students are used to posting quotes on social media without attributing the source  In our digital environment, students are open to sharing and don’t think of giving attribution
  • 11. International students don’t always understand U. S. intellectual property laws. It can be challenging for international students to write with command of the English language, making paraphrasing difficult.
  • 12. Sometimes in elementary school you may have been told that if your information comes from an encyclopedia or a dictionary it is common knowledge and does not need to be cited. That is a MAYBE. What is common knowledge?
  • 13. Common knowledge consists of: oInformation that is easily observed – the sky is blue, but not a detailed explanation of why the sky is blue. oCommonly reported facts – George Washington was the first president of the United States, but not the information that historians have to say about Washington. oCommon sayings such as proverbs – “Waste not, want not;” “Look before you leap.” Common knowledge does not need to be cited, but be sure that what you are using really is common knowledge. When in doubt ask either your instructor or a librarian.
  • 14. Are there levels of consequences depending on the severity of plagiarized content? Is eating a grape in the grocery store equal to stealing a car in the parking lot?- Blum, Susan D. My Word! Plagiarism and college culture, Cornell University Press, 2009.
  • 15. “El plagio, la copia, parafraseo o cita de ideas u opiniones sin dar créditos a la fuente original, no se acepta en esta asignatura. El estudiante que incurra en esta falta académica no aprobará el trabajo y se le colocará la nota mínima de evaluación”.
  • 16.  Paraphrasing means more than just rewording something you’ve read.  Paraphrasing means that you are restating something you’ve read.  Restating something you’ve read requires you to use quotations when you are using the exact words of another writer.  Make sure your quotes don’t exceed the fair use guidelines.  Use longer quotes when the content provides something you can’t: a well-turned phrase, an expert opinion or statement.  At the end of your restatement, attribute the original source according to the writing style manual assigned by your instructor.  Your research paper should be a combination of paraphrasing and your own original ideas about the topic.  When in doubt, cite!
  • 17.  Google, Google Scholar, Google Books Search “quotations” (usually near the top).  Amazon .  Wikipedia.  Nearest resources- textbooks, the other items cited .  Classmates’ citations.
  • 18. There are many sites that will sell you an essay or term paper. Presenting this material as your own is plagiarism. Some of the papers for sale sites do have disclaimers saying that you must cite their work. REMEMBER, IF YOU CAN FIND IT, SO CAN YOUR PROFESSOR!
  • 19. You may have been told that if you put something into your own words, you need not cite. This is incorrect. The material is still someone else’s idea and requires acknowledgement. Paraphrasing requires a citation.
  • 20. Do you know how to paraphrase correctly? Paraphrasing is more than simply rewording the original material! oIt must be almost entirely in your own words. You must use new synonyms and new phrases. Only technical terms should be repeated. oAny exact words that are retained should have quotation marks around them. oThe sentence structure should be yours, not the same as in the source. oDo not add ideas, interpretations, explanations, or assessments.
  • 21. Examples: Source: Unless steps are taken to provide a predictable and stable energy supply in the face of growing demand, the nation may be in danger of sudden power losses or even extended blackouts, thus damaging our industrial and information-based economies. – John Doe, 1999, p.231.
  • 22. Inadequate paraphrase: Doe (1999) recommends that the government take action to provide a predictable and stable energy supply because of constantly growing demand. Otherwise, we may be in danger of losing power or even experiencing extended blackouts. These circumstances could damage our industrial and information-based economy. (p.231).
  • 23. The inadequate paraphrase is guilty of plagiarism even though the material is cited correctly. The writer has used too many word-for-word phases from the source. Also, the order of the ideas is unchanged from the source.
  • 24. Compare the following correct paraphrase: Doe (1999) believes that we must find a more reliable source of energy if we are to have a dependable electricity supply. Without this, the nation’s economic base may be damaged by blackouts (p.231). Using Sources Effectively: Strengthening Your Writing and Avoiding Plagiarism. Robert A. Harris. Los Angeles, California: Pyrczak Publishers, 2002.
  • 25. Quotations should be used sparingly. They must be exact, word-for-word as they appear in the original document. Quotes require a citation in addition to the use of quote marks. Using Sources Effectively: Strengthening Your Writing and Avoiding Plagiarism. Robert A. Harris. Los Angeles, California: Pyrczak Publishers, 2002.