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Phenology of Common
Bee Species:
MidAtantic States: USA
CHARTS, BY WEEK, FOR EACH SPECIES BASED ON USGS BIML RECORDS
WAYNE BOO: DATA ANALYST AND CREATOR
Objective
 Present a summary of counts (corrected for effort) per week for each
species of bee found in the Mid-Atlantic area with more than 50 records
based on the 279,639 Mid-Atlantic specimen records in the USGS Bee
Inventory and Monitoring Lab’s database.
Records
 Specimen records came from USGS Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring
Lab’s (BIML) collections from 2000-2018
 Specimens records from NJ, DE, DC, MD, VA, WV, PA were extracted
 Records included a mix of hand-netted, bowl-trapped, malaise samples
from a variety of projects
 9317 collection events were used
 With rare exception, all bees captured during a collection event were
identified to species
 279,639 specimens went into the analysis
Data Massaging
 Specimens were assigned a Julian Week Number based on the date the
capture event for that specimen was started.
 The number of specimens collected for a species for a particular week were
divided by the pooled number of all collection events across all the years
that occurred during that week (to better normalize the data as numbers
of collect events varied across weeks…particularly at the beginning and
ends of the seasons).
 No efforts was made to correct for geographic location of records.
 Geographically, numbers of collection events declined with distance from
the BIML lab in Beltsville, Maryland.
Graph Interpretation
 X-axis represents all the weeks in a year. The letters represent the first
letter of the months involved. If more than one month occurs within a
given week then the month with the most days was used as a label for that
week.
 Y-axis represents the number of bees per collection event times 100.
 The blue line connects the calculated bees per collection event.
 The brown line represents the LOESS smoothed line of those data points
(PeltierTech Excel AddIn, 9 points, alpha 0.2).
 Graphs are presented alphabetically by bee species.
Agapostemon sericeus
Agapostemon splendens
Agapostemon texanus
Agapostemon virescens
Andrena alleghaniensis
Andrena banksi
Andrena barbara
Andrena carlini
Andrena carolina
Andrena commoda
Andrena confederata
Andrena crataegi
Andrena cressonii
Andrena erigeniae
Andrena fenningeri
Andrena forbesii
Andrena fragilis
Andrena heraclei
Andrena hippotes
Andrena ilicis
Andrena illini
Andrena imitatrix
Andrena macra
Andrena mandibularis
Andrena miserabilis
Andrena morrisonella
Andrena nasonii
Andrena perplexa
Andrena personata
Andrena pruni
Andrena robertsonii
Andrena rugosa
Andrena tridens
Andrena vicina
Andrena violae
Andrena wilkella
Anthidiellum notatum
Anthidium manicatum
Anthidium oblongatum
Anthophora abrupta
Anthophora villosula
Apis mellifera
Augochlora pura
Augochlorella aurata
Augochlorella persimilis
Augochloropsis metallica
Bombus bimaculatus
Bombus citrinus
Bombus fervidus
Bombus griseocollis
Bombus impatiens
Bombus pensylvanicus
Bombus perplexus
Bombus sandersoni
Bombus vagans
Calliopsis andreniforms
Ceratina dupla
Ceratina mikmaqi
Ceratina strenua
Coelioxys octodentata
Coelioxys sayi
Colletes inaequalis
Colletes thoracicus
Dieunomia heteropoda
Eucera hamata
Eucera rosae
Florilegus condignus
Habropoda laboriosa
Halictus confusus
Halictus ligatus/poeyi
Halictus parallelus
Halictus rubicundus
Halictus carinata
Heriades variolosa
Hoplitis pilosifrons
Hoplitis producta
Hoplitis spoliata
Hylaeus affinis
Hylaeus leptocephalus
Hylaeus mesillae
Hylaeus modestus
Hylaeus ornatus
Hylaeus punctatus
Hylaeus schwarzii
Lasioglossum abanci
Lasioglossum admirandum
Lasioglossum apocyni
Lasioglossum birkmanni
Lasioglossum bruneri
Lasioglossum callidum
Lasioglossum cattellae
Lasioglossum coeruleum
Lasioglossum coreopsis
Lasioglossum coriaceum
Lasioglossum creberrimum
Lasioglossum cressonii
Lasioglossum ephialtum
Lasioglossum floridanum
Lasioglossum foxii
Lasioglossum fuscipenne
Lasioglossum gotham
Lasioglossum halophitum
Lasioglossum hitchensi
Lasioglossum illinoense
Lasioglossum imitatum
Lasioglossum leucocomum
Lasioglossum leucozonium
Lasioglossum lineatulum
Lasioglossum lustrans
Lasioglossum marinum
Lasioglossum nelumbonis
Lasioglossum nigroviride
Lasioglossum nymphaearum
Lasioglossum nymphale
Lasioglossum oblongum
Lasioglossum obscurum
Lasioglossum paradmirandum
Lasioglossum pectorale
Lasioglossum pilosum
Lasioglossum platyparium
Lasioglossum pruinosum
Lasioglossum quebecense
Lasioglossum smilacinae
Lasioglossum subviridatum
Lasioglossum tegulare
Lasioglossum trigeminum
Lasioglossum truncatum
Lasioglossum versans
Lasioglossum versatum
Lasioglossum vierecki
Lasioglossum weemsi
Lasioglossum zephyrum
Megachile brevis
Megachile campanulae
Megachile exilis
Megachile mendica
Megachile pugnata
Megachile rotundata
Megachile sculpturalis
Megachile texana
Megachile xylocopides
Melissodes agilis
Melissodes bimaculatus
Melissodes comptoides
Melissodes dentriventris
Melissodes trinodis
Melitoma taurea
Nomada articulata
Nomada australis
Nomada composita
Nomada cressonii
Nomada denticulata
Nomada depressa
Nomada imbricata
Nomada luteoloides
Nomada maculata
Nomada parva
Nomada pygmaea
Nomada sulphurata
Osmia atriventris
Osmia bucephala
Osmia collinsiae
Osmia conjuncta
Osmia cornifrons
Osmia distincta
Osmia georgica
Osmia lignaria
Osmia pumila
Osmia taurus
Osmia virga
Peponapis pruinosa
Perdita boltoniae
Perdita octomaculata
Svastra obliqua
Xylocopa virginica

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