SlideShare a Scribd company logo
 Personality comes from the Greek word "persona", meaning "mask".
It is the totality of qualities and traits that are associated to a specific
person.
Personality is the particular combination of emotional, attitudinal, and
behavioral response patterns of an individual.
Personality is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings
and behaviors that make a person unique.
1) Psychosocial Development
Theory
By: Erikson
2) Psycho-Analysis Theory
By: Sigmund Freud
Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory of
personality has 8 stages:
1) Trust vs. Mistrust
2) Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
3) Initiative vs. Guilt
4) Industry vs. Inferiority
5) Identity vs. Confusion
6) Intimacy vs. Isolation
7) Generativity vs. Stagnation
8) Integrity vs. Despair
Birth -to- year 1
The first stage of Erikson's theory of psycho-social development occurs from
birth.
 The development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the
child‘s care person.
 If a child successfully develops trust, he or she will feel safe and
secure in the world.
 If family members, specially mother, is unresponsive, then the
child will learn to mistrust people.
 Moreover, feeding is the most critical event for learning trust or
mistrust and mother is the most important social agent.
1 year --- 3 years
 The second stage takes place during early childhood and is focused on
children developing a greater sense of personal control.
 Erikson believe that learning to control one's bodily functions leads to a
feeling of control and a sense of independence.
 Children going through this stage generally insist on doing things on their
own.
 Other important events include gaining more control over food choices, toy
preferences, and clothing selection.
 Toilet training is the most critical event for learning shame or doubt.
 Children who successfully complete this stage feel secure and confident,
while those who do not are left with a sense of inadequacy and self-doubt.
 3 years --- 6 years
 Age of pre-school
 During the preschool years, children begin to assert their power and
control over the world through directing play and other social interactions.
 The family, and later the teacher, can help the child to take initiative .
 Teacher should arrange activities so that children are less likely to interfere
with one another.
 Children who are successful at this stage feel capable and able to lead
others. Those who fail to acquire these skills are left with a sense of guilt,
self-doubt, and lack of initiative.
 6 years --- 12 years
 This is the age of primary and elementary grades.
 In this stage, children start comparing their academic performance and
social action with their peers.
 Through social interactions, children begin to develop a sense of pride in
their accomplishments and abilities.
 Children who are encouraged parents and teachers develop a feeling of
competence and belief in their skills.
 Those who receive little or no encouragement from parents, teachers, or
peers will doubt their abilities to be successful.
 12 years --- 20 years
 This is a stage of teenagers.
 Children want to establish their own identity in the society.
 During adult stage, children explore their independence and develop a
sense of self.
 Those who receive proper encouragement and reinforcement through
personal exploration will emerge from this stage with a strong sense of self.
 Those who remain unsure of their beliefs and desires will feel insecure and
confused about themselves and the future.
 20 years --- 40 years
 This stage covers the period of early adulthood when people are
exploring personal relationships.
 People face the crisis of trying to share their identity with others in the
form of close friendships and with a life partner.
 Erikson believed it was vital that people develop close, committed
relationships with other people. Those who are successful at this step will
form relationships that are committed and secure.
 Failure to establish close relationships leads to a sense of isolation.
 40 years --- 65 years
 This is an age of maturity.
 During adulthood, we continue to build our lives, focusing on our career
and family.
 Those who are successful during this phase will feel that they are
contributing to the world by being active in their home and community.
 Those who fail to attain this skill will feel unproductive and uninvolved in
the world.
65 years and above
 This phase occurs during old age and is focused on reflecting back on life.
 Those who are unsuccessful during this stage will feel that their life has
been wasted and will experience many regrets. The individual will be left
with feelings of bitterness and despair.
 Those who feel proud of their accomplishments will feel a sense of integrity.
 Successfully completing this phase means looking back with few regrets
and a general feeling of satisfaction.
Freud proposed 3 Categories of Psycho-Analysis Theory:-
1) Structure of the personality
2) Psycho-Development
3) Psycho-Dynamics
Id.
This category is also called as “pleasure principle”.
It is the selfish part of the personality.
 In this phase, there are irrational demands of person and he/she do not
think of any ethical value.
Ego.
This is named as “Reality Principle”.
It is a balance between Id and super ego.
 It is totally related to ethics.
Super ego.
Super ego is known as “Morality Principle”.
 It is concerned with the moral and ethical issues of world.
It has 5 stages;
i. Oral stage
ii. Anal stage
iii. Phallic stage
iv. Latency stage
v. Genital stage
 Birth to 2 years
 According to Freud, mouth is the first organ for providing pleasure
to child.
 It is manifested by chewing and biting.
 The objective is to establish a comfortable expression and
gratification of oral needs without excessive conflict.
 Succession of oral stage provides a basis in character for a capacity
to trust others as well as have a sense of self–reliance and self–trust.
 from 18 – 36 months of age
 This is essentially a period of striving for independence and
separation from control by the parent.
 Successful resolution leads to development of a capacity for
independence and personal initiative without guilt
 A capacity for self determining behavior without a sense of shame
or self doubt also came to personality of person.
 from 3rd year of life and goes on till the 5th year.
 This stage is characterized by primary focus of sexual interests,
and excitement in the genital area.
 This focusing lays the foundation of gender identity.
The patterns of identification that emerge from the phallic phase
are the primary determinants of the development of human
character, according to Freud.
 This stage gives rise to powerful internal resources for regulation
of drive impulses and their direction to constructive ends known as
the superego.
 starting at the age of 5 or 6 and going on to age of 11 – 13 years.
 There is a further integration of sex – role identity.
The quietness allows for development of ego and mastery of
important skills.
 This is the phase when there is broadening of contacts with other
significant figures outside the family, such as teachers, coaches,
and other adults.
 It starts from 11 to 13 years till young adulthood.
 The primary objective of this phase is the ultimate separation from
dependence on and attachment to the parents.
 The establishment of adult, mature relationships.
 The person reaches a satisfying capacity for self realization
 Meaningful participation in the areas of work and love; fulfilling
one’s roles and duties.
 Psychodynamic theories place emphasis on unconscious desires
and motivations.
 It especially influences ones past experiences on their health.
 In Freud’s Psychodynamic theory there are only two drives,
--- Eros
--- Thantos
 Eros, the drive for love and life.
 Thantos, the Greek word for death, explained as the “death
instinct”.
 In a broader sense, this is a drive for life and for death.
Personality Development theory

More Related Content

What's hot

Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Body mind relationship by s.lakshmanan psychologist
Body mind relationship by s.lakshmanan psychologistBody mind relationship by s.lakshmanan psychologist
Body mind relationship by s.lakshmanan psychologist
LAKSHMANAN S
 
Concept of normal and abnormal behaviour
Concept of normal and abnormal behaviourConcept of normal and abnormal behaviour
Concept of normal and abnormal behaviour
Shradhanjali Biswal Pradhan
 
Stress, Stress Adaptation Model & Crisis intervention
Stress, Stress Adaptation Model & Crisis interventionStress, Stress Adaptation Model & Crisis intervention
Mental health,Mental illness,characteristics of mentally healthy person and m...
Mental health,Mental illness,characteristics of mentally healthy person and m...Mental health,Mental illness,characteristics of mentally healthy person and m...
Mental health,Mental illness,characteristics of mentally healthy person and m...
Jasleen Kaur
 
Psychological assessment and test
Psychological assessment and testPsychological assessment and test
Psychological assessment and test
Aashish Parihar
 
Interpersonal relationship
Interpersonal relationshipInterpersonal relationship
Interpersonal relationship
Mahesh Chand
 
Personality and its type
Personality and its typePersonality and its type
Personality and its type
Saransh Arora
 
1. mental hygiene by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
1. mental hygiene by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist1. mental hygiene by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
1. mental hygiene by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
LAKSHMANAN S
 
defense mechanisms.
defense mechanisms.defense mechanisms.
defense mechanisms.
Gunjan Verma
 
Defence mechanism
Defence mechanismDefence mechanism
Defence mechanism
reena rathor
 
Definition and scope of psychology
Definition and scope of psychologyDefinition and scope of psychology
Definition and scope of psychology
Vivekananda Shikrashetty
 
The scope of psychology
The scope of psychologyThe scope of psychology
The scope of psychology
shagufta ch
 
Stress and adaptation
Stress and adaptationStress and adaptation
Stress and adaptation
Jyoti Gaver
 
Emotion and health
Emotion and healthEmotion and health
Emotion and health
Rifhan Kamaruddin
 
Unit 5 personality
Unit 5 personalityUnit 5 personality
Unit 5 personality
Johny Kutty Joseph
 
3. characteristics of mentally healthy person by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
3. characteristics of mentally healthy person by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist3. characteristics of mentally healthy person by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
3. characteristics of mentally healthy person by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
LAKSHMANAN S
 
Unit 6 developmental psychology
Unit 6 developmental psychologyUnit 6 developmental psychology
Unit 6 developmental psychology
Johny Kutty Joseph
 
MENTAL ILLNESS
MENTAL ILLNESSMENTAL ILLNESS
MENTAL ILLNESS
bharti sharma
 
General adaptation syndrome (syle model)
General adaptation syndrome (syle model)General adaptation syndrome (syle model)
General adaptation syndrome (syle model)
kaavyabalachandran
 

What's hot (20)

Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
 
Body mind relationship by s.lakshmanan psychologist
Body mind relationship by s.lakshmanan psychologistBody mind relationship by s.lakshmanan psychologist
Body mind relationship by s.lakshmanan psychologist
 
Concept of normal and abnormal behaviour
Concept of normal and abnormal behaviourConcept of normal and abnormal behaviour
Concept of normal and abnormal behaviour
 
Stress, Stress Adaptation Model & Crisis intervention
Stress, Stress Adaptation Model & Crisis interventionStress, Stress Adaptation Model & Crisis intervention
Stress, Stress Adaptation Model & Crisis intervention
 
Mental health,Mental illness,characteristics of mentally healthy person and m...
Mental health,Mental illness,characteristics of mentally healthy person and m...Mental health,Mental illness,characteristics of mentally healthy person and m...
Mental health,Mental illness,characteristics of mentally healthy person and m...
 
Psychological assessment and test
Psychological assessment and testPsychological assessment and test
Psychological assessment and test
 
Interpersonal relationship
Interpersonal relationshipInterpersonal relationship
Interpersonal relationship
 
Personality and its type
Personality and its typePersonality and its type
Personality and its type
 
1. mental hygiene by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
1. mental hygiene by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist1. mental hygiene by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
1. mental hygiene by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
 
defense mechanisms.
defense mechanisms.defense mechanisms.
defense mechanisms.
 
Defence mechanism
Defence mechanismDefence mechanism
Defence mechanism
 
Definition and scope of psychology
Definition and scope of psychologyDefinition and scope of psychology
Definition and scope of psychology
 
The scope of psychology
The scope of psychologyThe scope of psychology
The scope of psychology
 
Stress and adaptation
Stress and adaptationStress and adaptation
Stress and adaptation
 
Emotion and health
Emotion and healthEmotion and health
Emotion and health
 
Unit 5 personality
Unit 5 personalityUnit 5 personality
Unit 5 personality
 
3. characteristics of mentally healthy person by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
3. characteristics of mentally healthy person by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist3. characteristics of mentally healthy person by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
3. characteristics of mentally healthy person by S.Lakshmanan Psychologist
 
Unit 6 developmental psychology
Unit 6 developmental psychologyUnit 6 developmental psychology
Unit 6 developmental psychology
 
MENTAL ILLNESS
MENTAL ILLNESSMENTAL ILLNESS
MENTAL ILLNESS
 
General adaptation syndrome (syle model)
General adaptation syndrome (syle model)General adaptation syndrome (syle model)
General adaptation syndrome (syle model)
 

Viewers also liked

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENTPERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
Dr. Nancy Prasanna Joseph
 
Personality Development
Personality DevelopmentPersonality Development
Personality Development
Shabbar Suterwala
 
Personality development presentation
Personality development presentationPersonality development presentation
Personality development presentation
Mehak Vaswani
 
Personality development- A PATH TO SUCCESS
Personality development- A PATH TO SUCCESSPersonality development- A PATH TO SUCCESS
Personality development- A PATH TO SUCCESS
sree navya
 
Personality ppt
Personality pptPersonality ppt
Personality ppt
Radhika Goyal
 
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Developmetn
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of DevelopmetnErikson's Psychosocial Stages of Developmetn
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Developmetn
sanko1sm
 
Personality development new slides
Personality development new slidesPersonality development new slides
Personality development new slides
Mehak Vaswani
 
Human behaviour.and personality development.ppt
Human behaviour.and personality development.pptHuman behaviour.and personality development.ppt
Human behaviour.and personality development.ppt
Monika Sharma
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
Neil Vachaspati
 
Presentation On Personality
Presentation On PersonalityPresentation On Personality
Presentation On Personality
Seyed Ali Marjaie
 
Erickson’S 8 Stages Of Development Fixed
Erickson’S 8 Stages Of Development FixedErickson’S 8 Stages Of Development Fixed
Erickson’S 8 Stages Of Development Fixed
stefa1dm
 
Erikson's theory of psychosocial development
Erikson's theory of psychosocial developmentErikson's theory of psychosocial development
Erikson's theory of psychosocial development
Arnie Carido
 
Erik erikson stages of development
Erik erikson   stages of developmentErik erikson   stages of development
Erik erikson stages of development
Daeyang Luke Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi
 
Personality Development
Personality DevelopmentPersonality Development
Personality Development
Ashwin
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
premalgangar
 
Personality Development
Personality DevelopmentPersonality Development
Personality Development
Ashit Jain
 
Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis Theory
Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis TheoryErik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis Theory
Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis Theory
Pearl Narvacan
 
Theories of personality
Theories of personalityTheories of personality
Theories of personality
jenne531
 
Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development
Erikson’s stages of psychosocial developmentErikson’s stages of psychosocial development
Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development
htenney37
 
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial DevelopmentErikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
Diana Flores
 

Viewers also liked (20)

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENTPERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
 
Personality Development
Personality DevelopmentPersonality Development
Personality Development
 
Personality development presentation
Personality development presentationPersonality development presentation
Personality development presentation
 
Personality development- A PATH TO SUCCESS
Personality development- A PATH TO SUCCESSPersonality development- A PATH TO SUCCESS
Personality development- A PATH TO SUCCESS
 
Personality ppt
Personality pptPersonality ppt
Personality ppt
 
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Developmetn
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of DevelopmetnErikson's Psychosocial Stages of Developmetn
Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Developmetn
 
Personality development new slides
Personality development new slidesPersonality development new slides
Personality development new slides
 
Human behaviour.and personality development.ppt
Human behaviour.and personality development.pptHuman behaviour.and personality development.ppt
Human behaviour.and personality development.ppt
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
 
Presentation On Personality
Presentation On PersonalityPresentation On Personality
Presentation On Personality
 
Erickson’S 8 Stages Of Development Fixed
Erickson’S 8 Stages Of Development FixedErickson’S 8 Stages Of Development Fixed
Erickson’S 8 Stages Of Development Fixed
 
Erikson's theory of psychosocial development
Erikson's theory of psychosocial developmentErikson's theory of psychosocial development
Erikson's theory of psychosocial development
 
Erik erikson stages of development
Erik erikson   stages of developmentErik erikson   stages of development
Erik erikson stages of development
 
Personality Development
Personality DevelopmentPersonality Development
Personality Development
 
Personality
PersonalityPersonality
Personality
 
Personality Development
Personality DevelopmentPersonality Development
Personality Development
 
Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis Theory
Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis TheoryErik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis Theory
Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Crisis Theory
 
Theories of personality
Theories of personalityTheories of personality
Theories of personality
 
Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development
Erikson’s stages of psychosocial developmentErikson’s stages of psychosocial development
Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development
 
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial DevelopmentErikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
 

Similar to Personality Development theory

UNIT II Developmental Psychology.pptx
UNIT II Developmental Psychology.pptxUNIT II Developmental Psychology.pptx
UNIT II Developmental Psychology.pptx
MuhammadAsif473343
 
Erikson 8 stages theory
Erikson 8 stages theoryErikson 8 stages theory
Erikson 8 stages theory
FahadMurad3
 
Psycho- social theory of Eric Erikson
Psycho- social theory of Eric Erikson Psycho- social theory of Eric Erikson
Psycho- social theory of Eric Erikson
Dr. Harpal Kaur
 
Psychosocial development by sheena bernal
Psychosocial development by sheena bernalPsychosocial development by sheena bernal
Psychosocial development by sheena bernal
Edi sa puso mo :">
 
Erik Erikson stages of psychosocial development
Erik Erikson stages of psychosocial development Erik Erikson stages of psychosocial development
Erik Erikson stages of psychosocial development
Sam Martin
 
seminar - ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
seminar - ericksons psychosocial development.ppsxseminar - ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
seminar - ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
Aerly Yesudian
 
Ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
Ericksons psychosocial development.ppsxEricksons psychosocial development.ppsx
Ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
Aerly Yesudian
 
Ppt my part
Ppt my partPpt my part
PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY.docx
PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY.docxPSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY.docx
PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY.docx
VigeAlvarado
 
Erik Erikson’s theory of personality
Erik Erikson’s theory of personalityErik Erikson’s theory of personality
Erik Erikson’s theory of personality
Chakshu Sang
 
PsychologistsTheories Studies Research Methods H.docx
PsychologistsTheories Studies Research Methods H.docxPsychologistsTheories Studies Research Methods H.docx
PsychologistsTheories Studies Research Methods H.docx
bfingarjcmc
 
Erik erickson’s psychosocial development
Erik erickson’s psychosocial developmentErik erickson’s psychosocial development
Erik erickson’s psychosocial development
Wenefredo BundaJr
 
Ericson.power point presentation theory of pediatrics
Ericson.power point presentation theory of pediatricsEricson.power point presentation theory of pediatrics
Ericson.power point presentation theory of pediatrics
KittyTuttu
 
Erik-Eriksons-8-Stages-of-Psychosocial-Development - Copy.pptx
Erik-Eriksons-8-Stages-of-Psychosocial-Development - Copy.pptxErik-Eriksons-8-Stages-of-Psychosocial-Development - Copy.pptx
Erik-Eriksons-8-Stages-of-Psychosocial-Development - Copy.pptx
LeilaSuarnaba1
 
Theories of Counselling .pptx
Theories of Counselling            .pptxTheories of Counselling            .pptx
Theories of Counselling .pptx
nathanieladdoquaye
 
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY.ppt
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY.pptCHILD PSYCHOLOGY.ppt
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY.ppt
MkJindal
 
PSYCHO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN
PSYCHO SOCIAL  DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN PSYCHO SOCIAL  DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN
PSYCHO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN
Shaheen Warsi
 
Erik erikson’s psychosocial 1
Erik erikson’s psychosocial 1Erik erikson’s psychosocial 1
Erik erikson’s psychosocial 1
Arlene Rambhajan
 
Erikson’s psychosocial theory
Erikson’s psychosocial theoryErikson’s psychosocial theory
Erikson’s psychosocial theory
Dlair Shah
 
Theories of growth and development
Theories of growth and developmentTheories of growth and development
Theories of growth and development
Chinna Chadayan
 

Similar to Personality Development theory (20)

UNIT II Developmental Psychology.pptx
UNIT II Developmental Psychology.pptxUNIT II Developmental Psychology.pptx
UNIT II Developmental Psychology.pptx
 
Erikson 8 stages theory
Erikson 8 stages theoryErikson 8 stages theory
Erikson 8 stages theory
 
Psycho- social theory of Eric Erikson
Psycho- social theory of Eric Erikson Psycho- social theory of Eric Erikson
Psycho- social theory of Eric Erikson
 
Psychosocial development by sheena bernal
Psychosocial development by sheena bernalPsychosocial development by sheena bernal
Psychosocial development by sheena bernal
 
Erik Erikson stages of psychosocial development
Erik Erikson stages of psychosocial development Erik Erikson stages of psychosocial development
Erik Erikson stages of psychosocial development
 
seminar - ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
seminar - ericksons psychosocial development.ppsxseminar - ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
seminar - ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
 
Ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
Ericksons psychosocial development.ppsxEricksons psychosocial development.ppsx
Ericksons psychosocial development.ppsx
 
Ppt my part
Ppt my partPpt my part
Ppt my part
 
PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY.docx
PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY.docxPSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY.docx
PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY.docx
 
Erik Erikson’s theory of personality
Erik Erikson’s theory of personalityErik Erikson’s theory of personality
Erik Erikson’s theory of personality
 
PsychologistsTheories Studies Research Methods H.docx
PsychologistsTheories Studies Research Methods H.docxPsychologistsTheories Studies Research Methods H.docx
PsychologistsTheories Studies Research Methods H.docx
 
Erik erickson’s psychosocial development
Erik erickson’s psychosocial developmentErik erickson’s psychosocial development
Erik erickson’s psychosocial development
 
Ericson.power point presentation theory of pediatrics
Ericson.power point presentation theory of pediatricsEricson.power point presentation theory of pediatrics
Ericson.power point presentation theory of pediatrics
 
Erik-Eriksons-8-Stages-of-Psychosocial-Development - Copy.pptx
Erik-Eriksons-8-Stages-of-Psychosocial-Development - Copy.pptxErik-Eriksons-8-Stages-of-Psychosocial-Development - Copy.pptx
Erik-Eriksons-8-Stages-of-Psychosocial-Development - Copy.pptx
 
Theories of Counselling .pptx
Theories of Counselling            .pptxTheories of Counselling            .pptx
Theories of Counselling .pptx
 
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY.ppt
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY.pptCHILD PSYCHOLOGY.ppt
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY.ppt
 
PSYCHO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN
PSYCHO SOCIAL  DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN PSYCHO SOCIAL  DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN
PSYCHO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN
 
Erik erikson’s psychosocial 1
Erik erikson’s psychosocial 1Erik erikson’s psychosocial 1
Erik erikson’s psychosocial 1
 
Erikson’s psychosocial theory
Erikson’s psychosocial theoryErikson’s psychosocial theory
Erikson’s psychosocial theory
 
Theories of growth and development
Theories of growth and developmentTheories of growth and development
Theories of growth and development
 

More from Hassan Shahzad

Culture Of Gilgit Baltistan
Culture Of Gilgit BaltistanCulture Of Gilgit Baltistan
Culture Of Gilgit Baltistan
Hassan Shahzad
 
Kpk culture
Kpk culture Kpk culture
Kpk culture
Hassan Shahzad
 
Sindhi culture
Sindhi cultureSindhi culture
Sindhi culture
Hassan Shahzad
 
Afghanistan culture
Afghanistan cultureAfghanistan culture
Afghanistan culture
Hassan Shahzad
 
Saudi culture
Saudi culture Saudi culture
Saudi culture
Hassan Shahzad
 
Marketing plan of Tarang
Marketing plan of TarangMarketing plan of Tarang
Marketing plan of Tarang
Hassan Shahzad
 
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsMaslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Hassan Shahzad
 
Business plan
Business planBusiness plan
Business plan
Hassan Shahzad
 
Terrorism Detailed doc
Terrorism Detailed docTerrorism Detailed doc
Terrorism Detailed doc
Hassan Shahzad
 
Terrorism
TerrorismTerrorism
Terrorism
Hassan Shahzad
 
saraiki culture
saraiki culturesaraiki culture
saraiki culture
Hassan Shahzad
 
Pepsi & Coca Cola Financial Analysis
Pepsi & Coca Cola Financial AnalysisPepsi & Coca Cola Financial Analysis
Pepsi & Coca Cola Financial Analysis
Hassan Shahzad
 
Sunsilk
SunsilkSunsilk
Chap# 6:- Business markets
Chap# 6:-  Business marketsChap# 6:-  Business markets
Chap# 6:- Business markets
Hassan Shahzad
 

More from Hassan Shahzad (14)

Culture Of Gilgit Baltistan
Culture Of Gilgit BaltistanCulture Of Gilgit Baltistan
Culture Of Gilgit Baltistan
 
Kpk culture
Kpk culture Kpk culture
Kpk culture
 
Sindhi culture
Sindhi cultureSindhi culture
Sindhi culture
 
Afghanistan culture
Afghanistan cultureAfghanistan culture
Afghanistan culture
 
Saudi culture
Saudi culture Saudi culture
Saudi culture
 
Marketing plan of Tarang
Marketing plan of TarangMarketing plan of Tarang
Marketing plan of Tarang
 
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsMaslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
 
Business plan
Business planBusiness plan
Business plan
 
Terrorism Detailed doc
Terrorism Detailed docTerrorism Detailed doc
Terrorism Detailed doc
 
Terrorism
TerrorismTerrorism
Terrorism
 
saraiki culture
saraiki culturesaraiki culture
saraiki culture
 
Pepsi & Coca Cola Financial Analysis
Pepsi & Coca Cola Financial AnalysisPepsi & Coca Cola Financial Analysis
Pepsi & Coca Cola Financial Analysis
 
Sunsilk
SunsilkSunsilk
Sunsilk
 
Chap# 6:- Business markets
Chap# 6:-  Business marketsChap# 6:-  Business markets
Chap# 6:- Business markets
 

Recently uploaded

9 Ways Managers Kill Morale (and What to Do Instead)
9 Ways Managers Kill Morale (and What to Do Instead)9 Ways Managers Kill Morale (and What to Do Instead)
9 Ways Managers Kill Morale (and What to Do Instead)
experienceprosarah
 
Small Business Management An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook 8th edition by Byrd tes...
Small Business Management An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook 8th edition by Byrd tes...Small Business Management An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook 8th edition by Byrd tes...
Small Business Management An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook 8th edition by Byrd tes...
ssuserf63bd7
 
m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon ...
m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon ...m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon ...
m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon ...
LinghuaKong2
 
All the Small Things - XP2024 Bolzano/Bozen
All the Small Things - XP2024 Bolzano/BozenAll the Small Things - XP2024 Bolzano/Bozen
All the Small Things - XP2024 Bolzano/Bozen
Alberto Brandolini
 
From Concept to reality : Implementing Lean Managements DMAIC Methodology for...
From Concept to reality : Implementing Lean Managements DMAIC Methodology for...From Concept to reality : Implementing Lean Managements DMAIC Methodology for...
From Concept to reality : Implementing Lean Managements DMAIC Methodology for...
Rokibul Hasan
 
Maximize Your Efficiency with This Comprehensive Project Management Platform ...
Maximize Your Efficiency with This Comprehensive Project Management Platform ...Maximize Your Efficiency with This Comprehensive Project Management Platform ...
Maximize Your Efficiency with This Comprehensive Project Management Platform ...
SOFTTECHHUB
 
Designing and Sustaining Large-Scale Value-Centered Agile Ecosystems (powered...
Designing and Sustaining Large-Scale Value-Centered Agile Ecosystems (powered...Designing and Sustaining Large-Scale Value-Centered Agile Ecosystems (powered...
Designing and Sustaining Large-Scale Value-Centered Agile Ecosystems (powered...
Alexey Krivitsky
 
innovation in nursing practice, education and management.pptx
innovation in nursing practice, education and management.pptxinnovation in nursing practice, education and management.pptx
innovation in nursing practice, education and management.pptx
TulsiDhidhi1
 
Neal Elbaum Shares Top 5 Trends Shaping the Logistics Industry in 2024
Neal Elbaum Shares Top 5 Trends Shaping the Logistics Industry in 2024Neal Elbaum Shares Top 5 Trends Shaping the Logistics Industry in 2024
Neal Elbaum Shares Top 5 Trends Shaping the Logistics Industry in 2024
Neal Elbaum
 
A comprehensive-study-of-biparjoy-cyclone-disaster-management-in-gujarat-a-ca...
A comprehensive-study-of-biparjoy-cyclone-disaster-management-in-gujarat-a-ca...A comprehensive-study-of-biparjoy-cyclone-disaster-management-in-gujarat-a-ca...
A comprehensive-study-of-biparjoy-cyclone-disaster-management-in-gujarat-a-ca...
Samirsinh Parmar
 

Recently uploaded (10)

9 Ways Managers Kill Morale (and What to Do Instead)
9 Ways Managers Kill Morale (and What to Do Instead)9 Ways Managers Kill Morale (and What to Do Instead)
9 Ways Managers Kill Morale (and What to Do Instead)
 
Small Business Management An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook 8th edition by Byrd tes...
Small Business Management An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook 8th edition by Byrd tes...Small Business Management An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook 8th edition by Byrd tes...
Small Business Management An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook 8th edition by Byrd tes...
 
m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon ...
m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon ...m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon ...
m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon ...
 
All the Small Things - XP2024 Bolzano/Bozen
All the Small Things - XP2024 Bolzano/BozenAll the Small Things - XP2024 Bolzano/Bozen
All the Small Things - XP2024 Bolzano/Bozen
 
From Concept to reality : Implementing Lean Managements DMAIC Methodology for...
From Concept to reality : Implementing Lean Managements DMAIC Methodology for...From Concept to reality : Implementing Lean Managements DMAIC Methodology for...
From Concept to reality : Implementing Lean Managements DMAIC Methodology for...
 
Maximize Your Efficiency with This Comprehensive Project Management Platform ...
Maximize Your Efficiency with This Comprehensive Project Management Platform ...Maximize Your Efficiency with This Comprehensive Project Management Platform ...
Maximize Your Efficiency with This Comprehensive Project Management Platform ...
 
Designing and Sustaining Large-Scale Value-Centered Agile Ecosystems (powered...
Designing and Sustaining Large-Scale Value-Centered Agile Ecosystems (powered...Designing and Sustaining Large-Scale Value-Centered Agile Ecosystems (powered...
Designing and Sustaining Large-Scale Value-Centered Agile Ecosystems (powered...
 
innovation in nursing practice, education and management.pptx
innovation in nursing practice, education and management.pptxinnovation in nursing practice, education and management.pptx
innovation in nursing practice, education and management.pptx
 
Neal Elbaum Shares Top 5 Trends Shaping the Logistics Industry in 2024
Neal Elbaum Shares Top 5 Trends Shaping the Logistics Industry in 2024Neal Elbaum Shares Top 5 Trends Shaping the Logistics Industry in 2024
Neal Elbaum Shares Top 5 Trends Shaping the Logistics Industry in 2024
 
A comprehensive-study-of-biparjoy-cyclone-disaster-management-in-gujarat-a-ca...
A comprehensive-study-of-biparjoy-cyclone-disaster-management-in-gujarat-a-ca...A comprehensive-study-of-biparjoy-cyclone-disaster-management-in-gujarat-a-ca...
A comprehensive-study-of-biparjoy-cyclone-disaster-management-in-gujarat-a-ca...
 

Personality Development theory

  • 1.
  • 2.  Personality comes from the Greek word "persona", meaning "mask". It is the totality of qualities and traits that are associated to a specific person. Personality is the particular combination of emotional, attitudinal, and behavioral response patterns of an individual. Personality is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make a person unique.
  • 3. 1) Psychosocial Development Theory By: Erikson 2) Psycho-Analysis Theory By: Sigmund Freud
  • 4. Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory of personality has 8 stages: 1) Trust vs. Mistrust 2) Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt 3) Initiative vs. Guilt 4) Industry vs. Inferiority 5) Identity vs. Confusion 6) Intimacy vs. Isolation 7) Generativity vs. Stagnation 8) Integrity vs. Despair
  • 5. Birth -to- year 1 The first stage of Erikson's theory of psycho-social development occurs from birth.  The development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child‘s care person.  If a child successfully develops trust, he or she will feel safe and secure in the world.  If family members, specially mother, is unresponsive, then the child will learn to mistrust people.  Moreover, feeding is the most critical event for learning trust or mistrust and mother is the most important social agent.
  • 6. 1 year --- 3 years  The second stage takes place during early childhood and is focused on children developing a greater sense of personal control.  Erikson believe that learning to control one's bodily functions leads to a feeling of control and a sense of independence.  Children going through this stage generally insist on doing things on their own.  Other important events include gaining more control over food choices, toy preferences, and clothing selection.  Toilet training is the most critical event for learning shame or doubt.  Children who successfully complete this stage feel secure and confident, while those who do not are left with a sense of inadequacy and self-doubt.
  • 7.  3 years --- 6 years  Age of pre-school  During the preschool years, children begin to assert their power and control over the world through directing play and other social interactions.  The family, and later the teacher, can help the child to take initiative .  Teacher should arrange activities so that children are less likely to interfere with one another.  Children who are successful at this stage feel capable and able to lead others. Those who fail to acquire these skills are left with a sense of guilt, self-doubt, and lack of initiative.
  • 8.  6 years --- 12 years  This is the age of primary and elementary grades.  In this stage, children start comparing their academic performance and social action with their peers.  Through social interactions, children begin to develop a sense of pride in their accomplishments and abilities.  Children who are encouraged parents and teachers develop a feeling of competence and belief in their skills.  Those who receive little or no encouragement from parents, teachers, or peers will doubt their abilities to be successful.
  • 9.  12 years --- 20 years  This is a stage of teenagers.  Children want to establish their own identity in the society.  During adult stage, children explore their independence and develop a sense of self.  Those who receive proper encouragement and reinforcement through personal exploration will emerge from this stage with a strong sense of self.  Those who remain unsure of their beliefs and desires will feel insecure and confused about themselves and the future.
  • 10.  20 years --- 40 years  This stage covers the period of early adulthood when people are exploring personal relationships.  People face the crisis of trying to share their identity with others in the form of close friendships and with a life partner.  Erikson believed it was vital that people develop close, committed relationships with other people. Those who are successful at this step will form relationships that are committed and secure.  Failure to establish close relationships leads to a sense of isolation.
  • 11.  40 years --- 65 years  This is an age of maturity.  During adulthood, we continue to build our lives, focusing on our career and family.  Those who are successful during this phase will feel that they are contributing to the world by being active in their home and community.  Those who fail to attain this skill will feel unproductive and uninvolved in the world.
  • 12. 65 years and above  This phase occurs during old age and is focused on reflecting back on life.  Those who are unsuccessful during this stage will feel that their life has been wasted and will experience many regrets. The individual will be left with feelings of bitterness and despair.  Those who feel proud of their accomplishments will feel a sense of integrity.  Successfully completing this phase means looking back with few regrets and a general feeling of satisfaction.
  • 13. Freud proposed 3 Categories of Psycho-Analysis Theory:- 1) Structure of the personality 2) Psycho-Development 3) Psycho-Dynamics
  • 14. Id. This category is also called as “pleasure principle”. It is the selfish part of the personality.  In this phase, there are irrational demands of person and he/she do not think of any ethical value. Ego. This is named as “Reality Principle”. It is a balance between Id and super ego.  It is totally related to ethics. Super ego. Super ego is known as “Morality Principle”.  It is concerned with the moral and ethical issues of world.
  • 15. It has 5 stages; i. Oral stage ii. Anal stage iii. Phallic stage iv. Latency stage v. Genital stage
  • 16.  Birth to 2 years  According to Freud, mouth is the first organ for providing pleasure to child.  It is manifested by chewing and biting.  The objective is to establish a comfortable expression and gratification of oral needs without excessive conflict.  Succession of oral stage provides a basis in character for a capacity to trust others as well as have a sense of self–reliance and self–trust.
  • 17.  from 18 – 36 months of age  This is essentially a period of striving for independence and separation from control by the parent.  Successful resolution leads to development of a capacity for independence and personal initiative without guilt  A capacity for self determining behavior without a sense of shame or self doubt also came to personality of person.
  • 18.  from 3rd year of life and goes on till the 5th year.  This stage is characterized by primary focus of sexual interests, and excitement in the genital area.  This focusing lays the foundation of gender identity. The patterns of identification that emerge from the phallic phase are the primary determinants of the development of human character, according to Freud.  This stage gives rise to powerful internal resources for regulation of drive impulses and their direction to constructive ends known as the superego.
  • 19.  starting at the age of 5 or 6 and going on to age of 11 – 13 years.  There is a further integration of sex – role identity. The quietness allows for development of ego and mastery of important skills.  This is the phase when there is broadening of contacts with other significant figures outside the family, such as teachers, coaches, and other adults.
  • 20.  It starts from 11 to 13 years till young adulthood.  The primary objective of this phase is the ultimate separation from dependence on and attachment to the parents.  The establishment of adult, mature relationships.  The person reaches a satisfying capacity for self realization  Meaningful participation in the areas of work and love; fulfilling one’s roles and duties.
  • 21.  Psychodynamic theories place emphasis on unconscious desires and motivations.  It especially influences ones past experiences on their health.  In Freud’s Psychodynamic theory there are only two drives, --- Eros --- Thantos  Eros, the drive for love and life.  Thantos, the Greek word for death, explained as the “death instinct”.  In a broader sense, this is a drive for life and for death.