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‫تكنولوجيا‬
‫الحدود‬
‫الذكية‬
‫للقرن‬
‫الحادي‬
‫والعشرين‬
‫في‬
‫األوقات‬
‫المضطربة‬
،‫الحالية‬
‫يمثل‬
‫أمن‬
‫الحدود‬
‫أكبر‬
‫مصدر‬
‫قلق‬
‫لكل‬
.‫دولة‬
‫مع‬
‫أنباء‬
‫الغزو‬
‫وتهديدات‬
،‫اإلرهاب‬
‫تنفق‬
‫الدول‬
‫مليارات‬
‫الدوالرات‬
‫على‬
‫أمن‬
‫الحدود‬
‫والتكنولوجيا‬
.‫لتحديثها‬
‫تقبل‬
‫وكاالت‬
‫الحدود‬
‫التقنيات‬
‫الجديدة‬
‫والمبتكرة‬
‫للتغلب‬
‫على‬
‫اآلخرين‬
‫والبقاء‬
‫في‬
‫صدارة‬
.‫الجميع‬
‫مع‬
‫االبتكار‬
‫في‬
،‫الذروة‬
‫هناك‬
‫العديد‬
‫من‬
‫التقنيات‬
‫الذكية‬
‫التي‬
‫يتم‬
‫استخدامها‬
‫على‬
‫الحدود‬
‫كما‬
‫هو‬
‫مدرج‬
‫من‬
‫قبل‬
‫بهاء‬
‫عبد‬
‫الهادي‬
:‫أدناه‬
‫مراقبة‬
‫الفيديو‬
‫الذكية‬
‫الكاميرات‬
‫ليست‬
‫جديدة‬
‫على‬
‫أمن‬
‫الحدود‬
–
‫لكن‬
‫الكاميرات‬
‫الذكية‬
‫ليست‬
‫مجرد‬
‫أجهزة‬
،‫مراقبة‬
‫بل‬
‫هي‬
‫كاميرات‬
‫عصامية‬
‫تلتقط‬
‫وتسلط‬
‫الضوء‬
‫على‬
‫الحركات‬
.‫المشبوهة‬
‫تعمل‬
‫الكاميرات‬
‫الذكية‬
‫على‬
‫خوارزميات‬
،‫محددة‬
‫ويتم‬
‫تغذية‬
‫الكاميرات‬
‫الذكية‬
‫بقواعد‬
‫بيانات‬
‫للحركات‬
‫المشبوهة‬
‫أو‬
‫الخارجة‬
‫عن‬
‫المسار‬
.‫اللتقاطها‬
‫تمتلك‬
‫بعض‬
‫الكاميرات‬
‫الذكية‬
‫ًا‬‫ض‬‫أي‬
‫قدرات‬
‫األشعة‬
‫السينية‬
‫ورسم‬
‫الخرائط‬
.‫الحرارية‬
،‫لذا‬
‫فإن‬
‫هذه‬
‫الكاميرات‬
‫ال‬
‫تراقب‬
‫الحركة‬
،‫فحسب‬
‫بل‬
‫تنبه‬
‫في‬
‫حالة‬
.‫الخطر‬
‫أجهزة‬
‫استشعار‬
‫الحركة‬
‫تقنية‬
‫أخرى‬
‫مع‬
‫الخوارزميات‬
‫هي‬
‫أجهزة‬
.‫االستشعار‬
‫مستشعرات‬
‫الحركة‬
‫هي‬
‫ببساطة‬
‫مستشعرات‬
‫تكتشف‬
‫حركة‬
‫األشخاص‬
‫في‬
.‫المنطقة‬
‫يمكن‬
‫اعتبار‬
‫هذه‬
‫مجموعة‬
‫إضافية‬
‫من‬
‫العيون‬
‫اليقظة‬
‫على‬
.‫الحدود‬
‫يمكنهم‬
‫اختيار‬
‫الحركات‬
‫التي‬
‫ربما‬
‫فاتتها‬
‫عيون‬
‫اإلنسان‬
‫(ألسباب‬
‫طبيعية‬
‫لخط‬
‫رؤية‬
‫واحد‬
‫أو‬
‫حتى‬
‫بسبب‬
.)‫اإلهمال‬
،‫لذا‬
‫فإن‬
‫أجهزة‬
‫استشعار‬
‫الحركة‬
‫رائعة‬
‫ألمن‬
‫الحدود‬
‫واكتشاف‬
‫األنشطة‬
‫غير‬
‫القانونية‬
‫مثل‬
‫التهريب‬
‫واالتجار‬
.‫بالبشر‬
‫أكشاك‬
‫ذكية‬
‫لفترة‬
،‫طويلة‬
‫كان‬
‫التفتيش‬
‫على‬
‫الحدود‬
.‫فوضى‬
‫لقد‬
‫كانوا‬
‫النقطة‬
‫العمياء‬
‫حيث‬
‫يعبر‬
‫الناس‬
‫والبضائع‬
‫واألسلحة‬
‫الحدود‬
–
‫لكن‬
‫األكشاك‬
‫الذكية‬
‫تعكس‬
.‫ذلك‬
‫تم‬
‫تضمين‬
‫األكشاك‬
‫الذكية‬
‫مع‬
‫نظام‬
‫التعرف‬
‫على‬
‫الوجه‬
‫وأجهزة‬
‫مسح‬
‫العين‬
‫وكذلك‬
‫تقنية‬
‫مسح‬
‫جوازات‬
.‫السفر‬
‫يمكن‬
‫استخدام‬
‫هذه‬
‫األكشاك‬
‫في‬
‫أي‬
.‫مكان‬
‫ميزة‬
‫أخرى‬
‫الستخدام‬
‫األكشاك‬
‫الذكية‬
‫هي‬
‫انخفاض‬
‫عدد‬
.‫الموظفين‬
‫من‬
‫خالل‬
‫تحويل‬
‫القوى‬
‫العاملة‬
‫إلى‬
‫أنشطة‬
‫أمنية‬
،‫أخرى‬
‫تساهم‬
‫األكشاك‬
‫الذكية‬
‫في‬
‫الحماية‬
.‫المزدوجة‬
‫يمكن‬
‫ًا‬‫ض‬‫أي‬
‫استخدامها‬
‫لإلشارة‬
‫بسهولة‬
‫إلى‬
‫المعلومات‬
‫األساسية‬
‫التي‬
‫يمكن‬
‫أن‬
‫تكون‬
‫مهمة‬
‫ا‬ً‫د‬‫ج‬
‫على‬
.‫الحدود‬
‫يستدعي‬
‫الوضع‬
‫العالمي‬
‫الحالي‬
‫وجود‬
‫تكنولوجيا‬
‫ذكية‬
‫على‬
‫الحدود‬
‫لحماية‬
‫أمن‬
‫الدولة‬
‫وحمايتها‬
‫من‬
‫األنشطة‬
.‫اإلجرامية‬
‫باستخدام‬
‫التكنولوجيا‬
‫الذكية‬
‫المذكورة‬
،‫أعاله‬
‫يمكن‬
‫للدول‬
‫أن‬
‫تكون‬
‫في‬
‫مكان‬
‫أفضل‬
‫مقارنة‬
.‫باآلخرين‬
www.bahaaabdulhadi.net
‫شكرا‬
‫الهتمامك‬
‫بمدونات‬
‫بهاء‬
‫عبد‬
.‫الهادي‬
‫المزيد‬
‫من‬
‫المعلومات‬
‫على‬

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تكنولوجيا الحدود الذكية للقرن الحادي والعشرين.pdf