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Joint approach by cities in the Helsinki
Metropolitan Area - climate protection by
reducing energy consumption
EU targets are challenging
Global atmospheric warming
not to exceed 2oC




              YTV 13.6.2007
Helsinki Metropolitan Area




Population
     6.4 mill

                100 km
    1.0 mill




                   YTV 13.6.2007
The greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption of
the Helsinki Metropolitan Area are increasing more rapidly
than its population
                                          •The millionth inhabitant
                                          30.4.2007.


                                          •The growth of population
                                          nearly 1% per year.


                                          •Total GHG-emissions
                                          increased 12 % between
                                          2000 and 2004


                                          •Traffic volumes of the
                                          region are growing heavily




                 YTV 13.6.2007
Consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions in
the Helsinki Metropolitan Area




    The main sources of emissions are:
    heating                         43 %,
    electricity consumption         28 %
    transport                       23 %

                    YTV 13.6.2007
Greenhouse gas emissions in Nordic cities




            YTV 13.6.2007
Building density is low in most parts
of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area




                                Vantaa
      Espoo


                                 Helsinki


          Kauniainen




                YTV 13.6.2007
An increase of 1% in the modal share of public transport
          reduces greenhouse gas emissions from traffic by about 0.6%
Number of journeys (1000/day)




                                                Private car




                                                                        Share of public transport
                                                     Public transport




                                Number and shares of journeys made by private car and public transport in the
                                Helsinki metropolitan area from 1966 to 2005
                                Share of public transport 38% in 2005


                                                     YTV 13.6.2007
Proposal for a climate vision for the Helsinki
Metropolitan Area
Improved energy efficiency and the
sparing use of natural resources
leads to a fall in greenhouse gas
emissions in the region and to
improved competitiveness.

This main vision is supplemented by
six sectoral visions concerning:
            •
            Transport
            •
            Land use
            •
            Construction and buildings
            •
            Electricity
            •
            Energy generation
            •
            Consumption and waste

               YTV 13.6.2007
The target and trends in greenhouse gas emissions
in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area
The target is to reduce per capita energy consumption in the metropolitan area
over the period 1990–2030 to minimize GHG emissions:
          •from 6.3t CO2 eqv in 2004 to 4.3t CO2 eqv in 2030 per capita.
          •by 39% over the period 1990 –2030.




     Annual greenhouse gas emissions per inhabitant

                        YTV 13.6.2007
Vision and operating policies for transport
 Greenhouse gas emissions from transport have fallen by at least
 20 per cent. Public transport, walking and cycling are the
 preferred forms of mobility.


   Influencing demand for transport and patterns of mobility
   by improving the status and service standards of public
   transport, walking and cycling.
     - through mobility service pricing,

    Cutting emissions from city transport operation
    - through the use of low-emission standards

    Promoting the use of low-emission vehicles through
    - economic guidance in favour of low-emission vehicles
    - environmental zones based on motor vehicle emissions




                      YTV 13.6.2007
Reducing public transport emissions with the help
of a new fuel:

•The providers of public transport and Neste Oil have signed a letter of intent
 aiming at using NExBTL biofuel to power buses and waste disposal trucks.
•300 buses will start using the fuel in August 07 and the aim is that in 2008
 half of the buses will use synthetic biodiesel
•Biodiesel (100%) will reduce emissions from buses by half
•An obligation to use biofuels to be introduced
 in fuel distribution at the turn of the year
 2007/2008.
•A tax relief from the state would
 encourage the use.




                       YTV 13.6.2007
NExBTL-biodiesel
                                                           BTL = Bio to Liquids




The first commercial scale 2nd generation biodiesel unit
Oil refinery integrated unit will start-up in Porvoo, Finland summer 2007
Very high quality diesel fuel from vegetable oils and
animal fats

                       YTV 13.6.2007
Operating policies for construction and buildings

Improving energy efficiency in new buildings
   new technology pilot projects e.g. low-energy buildings

Improving energy efficiency in the existing buildings
   new renovation technology

Guiding choices of heating and cooling systems
   impact of various heating and cooling methods
   improving various financing and grant procedures

Improving maintenance
   retraining building service staff
   active use of servicing logbooks
   improving consumption metering to ensure that             A solar heated building
   energy costs can be allocated to the end consumer         in Viikki, Helsinki
   new control and guidance technology for information



                        YTV 13.6.2007
Operating policies for electricity consumption

 Improving city procurement procedures in support
 of higher energy efficiency
- introducing the latest technology for street lighting
    and illumination control systems

 Improving allocation of energy costs to the
 consumer and associated information gathering
- enhancing and extending the scope of electricity
   consumption metering
- ensuring energy bills based on actual consumption

 Information
- information campaigns and guidelines for saving
    electricity                                           Photo: Helsingin Energia




                     YTV 13.6.2007
Operating policies for energy generating and
distribution

    Benefiting from the opportunities of a more
    compact urban structure

-   optimising the benefits of cogeneration

-   investigating the use of district heating return flows (e.g.
    low energy sites, wastewater sludge heating, cooling)

-   investigating waste heat sites and heat recovery
    prospects at small (e.g. condensation heat from ice rink
    refrigeration) and large (e.g. wastewater treatment plants)
    sites

-   auditing, energy reviews and suggestion prizes

-   extending district cooling networks and replacing
    separate cooling installations in buildings


                          YTV 13.6.2007
Operating policies for energy generating and distribution



• Centralised energy generation falls wholly within the scope of
  increasingly strict emissions trading rules
   -     promoting use of renewable energy sources
   -     promoting use of clean technology for coal
         and natural gas
   -     replacing some coal and natural gas with fuels
         of waste origin and electric power generated
         from renewable energy sources
• Promoting eco-efficiency of decentralised
  energy generation and increasing use of
  renewable energy sources                                Vuosaari B, the largest natural gas-fired
                                                          combined heat and power plant in the
• Expanding the district heating network                  Nordic countries. Photo: Helsingin Energia
• Increasing energy saving advice and
  research

                            YTV 13.6.2007
Possible Top 10 areas for action

    •Energy consumption and GHG emissions in all the municipalities
     within the metropolitan area
    •Public sector procurement procedures
    •Replacing coal with recovered fuels and eco-electricity
    •Energy efficiency at all levels
    •Rail traffic and vehicle biofuels
    •Heating systems of detached houses
    •Information
    •Motivating people to save energy
    •Promoting life-cycle thinking and
     developing eco-areas
    •Monitoring and statistics
     Source: P.Lund 11/2006



                      YTV 13.6.2007
More information:
                www.ytv.fi/ENG/future/climate_change/

YTV 13.6.2007
Preventing climate change must play a key
role in city planning and decision making!
-




            YTV 13.6.2007

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P9_Zahler
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P9_Hoppe
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P9_Hansen_1
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P8_Zimmermann
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P5_Vans
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P6_Gupta
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P7_Sonntag-O'brien
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P4_Schneider
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P4_Boonstra
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P7_Baddley
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P5_Bicciato
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P3_Witter_b
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P3_Papetti
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P3_Witter_a
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P3_Heves
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P3_Hansen
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P2_DeAltin
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P3_Aaro
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P2_Helsinki

  • 1. Joint approach by cities in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area - climate protection by reducing energy consumption
  • 2. EU targets are challenging Global atmospheric warming not to exceed 2oC YTV 13.6.2007
  • 3. Helsinki Metropolitan Area Population 6.4 mill 100 km 1.0 mill YTV 13.6.2007
  • 4. The greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area are increasing more rapidly than its population •The millionth inhabitant 30.4.2007. •The growth of population nearly 1% per year. •Total GHG-emissions increased 12 % between 2000 and 2004 •Traffic volumes of the region are growing heavily YTV 13.6.2007
  • 5. Consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area The main sources of emissions are: heating 43 %, electricity consumption 28 % transport 23 % YTV 13.6.2007
  • 6. Greenhouse gas emissions in Nordic cities YTV 13.6.2007
  • 7. Building density is low in most parts of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area Vantaa Espoo Helsinki Kauniainen YTV 13.6.2007
  • 8. An increase of 1% in the modal share of public transport reduces greenhouse gas emissions from traffic by about 0.6% Number of journeys (1000/day) Private car Share of public transport Public transport Number and shares of journeys made by private car and public transport in the Helsinki metropolitan area from 1966 to 2005 Share of public transport 38% in 2005 YTV 13.6.2007
  • 9. Proposal for a climate vision for the Helsinki Metropolitan Area Improved energy efficiency and the sparing use of natural resources leads to a fall in greenhouse gas emissions in the region and to improved competitiveness. This main vision is supplemented by six sectoral visions concerning: • Transport • Land use • Construction and buildings • Electricity • Energy generation • Consumption and waste YTV 13.6.2007
  • 10. The target and trends in greenhouse gas emissions in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area The target is to reduce per capita energy consumption in the metropolitan area over the period 1990–2030 to minimize GHG emissions: •from 6.3t CO2 eqv in 2004 to 4.3t CO2 eqv in 2030 per capita. •by 39% over the period 1990 –2030. Annual greenhouse gas emissions per inhabitant YTV 13.6.2007
  • 11. Vision and operating policies for transport Greenhouse gas emissions from transport have fallen by at least 20 per cent. Public transport, walking and cycling are the preferred forms of mobility. Influencing demand for transport and patterns of mobility by improving the status and service standards of public transport, walking and cycling. - through mobility service pricing, Cutting emissions from city transport operation - through the use of low-emission standards Promoting the use of low-emission vehicles through - economic guidance in favour of low-emission vehicles - environmental zones based on motor vehicle emissions YTV 13.6.2007
  • 12. Reducing public transport emissions with the help of a new fuel: •The providers of public transport and Neste Oil have signed a letter of intent aiming at using NExBTL biofuel to power buses and waste disposal trucks. •300 buses will start using the fuel in August 07 and the aim is that in 2008 half of the buses will use synthetic biodiesel •Biodiesel (100%) will reduce emissions from buses by half •An obligation to use biofuels to be introduced in fuel distribution at the turn of the year 2007/2008. •A tax relief from the state would encourage the use. YTV 13.6.2007
  • 13. NExBTL-biodiesel BTL = Bio to Liquids The first commercial scale 2nd generation biodiesel unit Oil refinery integrated unit will start-up in Porvoo, Finland summer 2007 Very high quality diesel fuel from vegetable oils and animal fats YTV 13.6.2007
  • 14. Operating policies for construction and buildings Improving energy efficiency in new buildings new technology pilot projects e.g. low-energy buildings Improving energy efficiency in the existing buildings new renovation technology Guiding choices of heating and cooling systems impact of various heating and cooling methods improving various financing and grant procedures Improving maintenance retraining building service staff active use of servicing logbooks improving consumption metering to ensure that A solar heated building energy costs can be allocated to the end consumer in Viikki, Helsinki new control and guidance technology for information YTV 13.6.2007
  • 15. Operating policies for electricity consumption Improving city procurement procedures in support of higher energy efficiency - introducing the latest technology for street lighting and illumination control systems Improving allocation of energy costs to the consumer and associated information gathering - enhancing and extending the scope of electricity consumption metering - ensuring energy bills based on actual consumption Information - information campaigns and guidelines for saving electricity Photo: Helsingin Energia YTV 13.6.2007
  • 16. Operating policies for energy generating and distribution Benefiting from the opportunities of a more compact urban structure - optimising the benefits of cogeneration - investigating the use of district heating return flows (e.g. low energy sites, wastewater sludge heating, cooling) - investigating waste heat sites and heat recovery prospects at small (e.g. condensation heat from ice rink refrigeration) and large (e.g. wastewater treatment plants) sites - auditing, energy reviews and suggestion prizes - extending district cooling networks and replacing separate cooling installations in buildings YTV 13.6.2007
  • 17. Operating policies for energy generating and distribution • Centralised energy generation falls wholly within the scope of increasingly strict emissions trading rules - promoting use of renewable energy sources - promoting use of clean technology for coal and natural gas - replacing some coal and natural gas with fuels of waste origin and electric power generated from renewable energy sources • Promoting eco-efficiency of decentralised energy generation and increasing use of renewable energy sources Vuosaari B, the largest natural gas-fired combined heat and power plant in the • Expanding the district heating network Nordic countries. Photo: Helsingin Energia • Increasing energy saving advice and research YTV 13.6.2007
  • 18. Possible Top 10 areas for action •Energy consumption and GHG emissions in all the municipalities within the metropolitan area •Public sector procurement procedures •Replacing coal with recovered fuels and eco-electricity •Energy efficiency at all levels •Rail traffic and vehicle biofuels •Heating systems of detached houses •Information •Motivating people to save energy •Promoting life-cycle thinking and developing eco-areas •Monitoring and statistics Source: P.Lund 11/2006 YTV 13.6.2007
  • 19. More information: www.ytv.fi/ENG/future/climate_change/ YTV 13.6.2007
  • 20. Preventing climate change must play a key role in city planning and decision making! - YTV 13.6.2007