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Bible & Culture 2010!                                                               OT Prophets



                                      Ezekiel
1. Setting
      5th year of Jehoiachinʼs exile = 593 BC (6 years before the fall of Jerusalem)
      5th day of 4th month = 31 July

      10,000 hostages in exile in Babylon including King Jehoiachin and his family.

      Ezekielʼs 30th year (compare with last dated oracle in Ezekiel 40:1; see Numbers 4:3)

      Dates in Ezekiel

                  1:2      July 593                  30:20    March 587
                  8:1      September 592             31:1     May 587
                  20:1     August 591                32:1     February 585
                  24:1     January 588               32:17    March 585
                  26:1     587                       33:21    January 585
                  29:1     December 588              40:1"    April 573
                  29:17    April 571

2. Structure
a.    Judgement on Jerusalem

      i.     Ezekielʼs vision of Godʼs glory (1:1–28)


      ii.    God commissions Ezekiel to speak and to be a watchman (2:1 – 3:27)


      iii.   Symbolic actions concerning the fate of Jerusalem (4:1 – 7:27)


             A. Acted parables of Godʼs opposition to Jerusalem (4:1 – 5:17)

             B. Oracles against the mountains and land of Israel (6:1 – 7:27)




© Tony Watkins!                                 1!                           www.tonywatkins.org
Bible & Culture 2010!                                                             OT Prophets




      iv.   Visions of Jerusalemʼs sin and of Godʼs glory departing (8:1 – 11:25)


            A. Idolatry in the temple (8:1–18)

            B. Slaughter in Jerusalem (9:1–11)

            C. Godʼs glory begins to move from the temple (10:1–22)

            D. Judgement on authorities in Jerusalem (11:1–13)

            E. Promise of sanctuary in exile and a new heart and spirit (11:14–21)

            F. Godʼs glory departs, heading east (11:22–25)


      v.    Reasons for the exile (12:1 – 24:27)


            A. Symbolic action predicting exile (12:1–28)

            B. False prophets (13:1–23)

            C. Idolatrous elders (14:1–11)

            D. Results of unfaithfulness (14:12–23)

            E. Parable/metaphor of the useless vine (15:1–8)

            F. Jerusalemʼs origins and prostitution and an everlasting covenant (16:1–63)

            G. Parable of the eagles and the vine (17:1–24)

            H. Moral responsibility and the possibility of repentance (18:1–32)
               (note: read this in terms of generations not individuals)

            I. Lament for the princes of Israel (19:1–14)

            J. Israelʼs history of rebellion (20:1–44)

            K. Judgement: fire and a sword (20:45 – 21:32)

            L. Jerusalemʼs violence (22:1–31)

            M. Two immoral sisters (23:1–49)

            N. The siege of Jerusalem and Isaiahʼs wife (24:1–27)




© Tony Watkins!                                  2!                        www.tonywatkins.org
Bible & Culture 2010!                                                        OT Prophets


b.    Oracles against nations

      i.     Oracles against Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1–17)


             A. Oracle against Ammon (25:1–7)

             B. Oracle against Moab (25:8–11)

             C. Oracle against Edom (25:12–14)

             D. Oracle against Philistia (25:15–17)


      ii.    Oracles against Tyre and Sidon (26:1 – 28:23)


             A. Oracle against Tyre (26:1–21)

             B. Lament for Tyre (27:1–36)

             C. Oracle against the king of Tyre (28:1–19)

             D. Oracle against Sidon (28:20–23)


      iii.   Israelʼs salvation (28:24–26)


      iv.    Oracles against Egypt (29:1 – 32:32)


             A. Oracle against Pharaoh (29:1–16)

             B. Egypt to be given to Nebuchadnezzar (29:17–21)

             C. Lament for Egypt (30:1–19)

             D. The kings of Egypt and Babylon (30:20–26)

             E. The fall of Pharaoh (31:1–18)

             F. Lament for Pharaoh (31:1–18)

             G. Egypt sent to Sheol (32:17–32)




© Tony Watkins!                                  3!                   www.tonywatkins.org
Bible & Culture 2010!                                                             OT Prophets




c.    Restoration

      i.     Renewal of Ezekielʼs commission (33:1–20)


             A. Ezekiel as a watchman (33:1–19)

             B. Moral responsibility (33:10–20)


      ii.    The fall of Jerusalem (33:21–33)


      iii.   Oracles of salvation; vindication of Israel (33:21 – 37:28)


             A. Shepherds and sheep (34:1–31)

             B. The mountains of Edom and Israel (35:1 – 36:15)

             C. Restoration for the sake of Godʼs name; a new heart and spirit (36:22–38)

             D. Vision of dry bones (37:1–14)

             E. Israel and Judah reunited (37:15–28)


      iv.    Godʼs future victory over nations (38:1 – 39:29)


      v.     Restoration and renewal (40:1 – 48:35)


             A. Vision of a new temple (40:1 – 42:20)

             B. Godʼs glory returns (43:1–5)

             C. Regulations for renewed Israel (43:6 – 46:18)

             D. River flowing from the temple (46:19 – 47:12)

             E. Division of the land (47:13 – 48:29)

             F. Access to the new city (48:30–35)




© Tony Watkins!                                   4!                       www.tonywatkins.org

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Outline of Ezekiel

  • 1. Bible & Culture 2010! OT Prophets Ezekiel 1. Setting 5th year of Jehoiachinʼs exile = 593 BC (6 years before the fall of Jerusalem) 5th day of 4th month = 31 July 10,000 hostages in exile in Babylon including King Jehoiachin and his family. Ezekielʼs 30th year (compare with last dated oracle in Ezekiel 40:1; see Numbers 4:3) Dates in Ezekiel 1:2 July 593 30:20 March 587 8:1 September 592 31:1 May 587 20:1 August 591 32:1 February 585 24:1 January 588 32:17 March 585 26:1 587 33:21 January 585 29:1 December 588 40:1" April 573 29:17 April 571 2. Structure a. Judgement on Jerusalem i. Ezekielʼs vision of Godʼs glory (1:1–28) ii. God commissions Ezekiel to speak and to be a watchman (2:1 – 3:27) iii. Symbolic actions concerning the fate of Jerusalem (4:1 – 7:27) A. Acted parables of Godʼs opposition to Jerusalem (4:1 – 5:17) B. Oracles against the mountains and land of Israel (6:1 – 7:27) © Tony Watkins! 1! www.tonywatkins.org
  • 2. Bible & Culture 2010! OT Prophets iv. Visions of Jerusalemʼs sin and of Godʼs glory departing (8:1 – 11:25) A. Idolatry in the temple (8:1–18) B. Slaughter in Jerusalem (9:1–11) C. Godʼs glory begins to move from the temple (10:1–22) D. Judgement on authorities in Jerusalem (11:1–13) E. Promise of sanctuary in exile and a new heart and spirit (11:14–21) F. Godʼs glory departs, heading east (11:22–25) v. Reasons for the exile (12:1 – 24:27) A. Symbolic action predicting exile (12:1–28) B. False prophets (13:1–23) C. Idolatrous elders (14:1–11) D. Results of unfaithfulness (14:12–23) E. Parable/metaphor of the useless vine (15:1–8) F. Jerusalemʼs origins and prostitution and an everlasting covenant (16:1–63) G. Parable of the eagles and the vine (17:1–24) H. Moral responsibility and the possibility of repentance (18:1–32) (note: read this in terms of generations not individuals) I. Lament for the princes of Israel (19:1–14) J. Israelʼs history of rebellion (20:1–44) K. Judgement: fire and a sword (20:45 – 21:32) L. Jerusalemʼs violence (22:1–31) M. Two immoral sisters (23:1–49) N. The siege of Jerusalem and Isaiahʼs wife (24:1–27) © Tony Watkins! 2! www.tonywatkins.org
  • 3. Bible & Culture 2010! OT Prophets b. Oracles against nations i. Oracles against Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1–17) A. Oracle against Ammon (25:1–7) B. Oracle against Moab (25:8–11) C. Oracle against Edom (25:12–14) D. Oracle against Philistia (25:15–17) ii. Oracles against Tyre and Sidon (26:1 – 28:23) A. Oracle against Tyre (26:1–21) B. Lament for Tyre (27:1–36) C. Oracle against the king of Tyre (28:1–19) D. Oracle against Sidon (28:20–23) iii. Israelʼs salvation (28:24–26) iv. Oracles against Egypt (29:1 – 32:32) A. Oracle against Pharaoh (29:1–16) B. Egypt to be given to Nebuchadnezzar (29:17–21) C. Lament for Egypt (30:1–19) D. The kings of Egypt and Babylon (30:20–26) E. The fall of Pharaoh (31:1–18) F. Lament for Pharaoh (31:1–18) G. Egypt sent to Sheol (32:17–32) © Tony Watkins! 3! www.tonywatkins.org
  • 4. Bible & Culture 2010! OT Prophets c. Restoration i. Renewal of Ezekielʼs commission (33:1–20) A. Ezekiel as a watchman (33:1–19) B. Moral responsibility (33:10–20) ii. The fall of Jerusalem (33:21–33) iii. Oracles of salvation; vindication of Israel (33:21 – 37:28) A. Shepherds and sheep (34:1–31) B. The mountains of Edom and Israel (35:1 – 36:15) C. Restoration for the sake of Godʼs name; a new heart and spirit (36:22–38) D. Vision of dry bones (37:1–14) E. Israel and Judah reunited (37:15–28) iv. Godʼs future victory over nations (38:1 – 39:29) v. Restoration and renewal (40:1 – 48:35) A. Vision of a new temple (40:1 – 42:20) B. Godʼs glory returns (43:1–5) C. Regulations for renewed Israel (43:6 – 46:18) D. River flowing from the temple (46:19 – 47:12) E. Division of the land (47:13 – 48:29) F. Access to the new city (48:30–35) © Tony Watkins! 4! www.tonywatkins.org