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OUTCOMES-BASED-
EDUCATION: BASIS FOR
ENHANCED TEACHER
EDUCATION CURRICULUM
DEFINITION OF
OUTCOMES BASED
EDUCATION (OBE)
OUTCOMES BASED EDUCATION (OBE)
- A clearlyfocusing, andorganizing everything in the
educational system aroundthe essentialfor all the
studentsto do successfullyat the end of their learning
experiences. (W. Spady 1994)
Spady premisedthatin Outcomes-BasedEducation:
• All studentscan learn and succeed,but not atthe sametimeor in
thesameway.
• Successful learning promotesevenmore successfullearning.
• Schools and teacherscontrol theconditionsthatwilldetermineif
thestudentsare successfulinschool learning.
FOUR ESSENTIAL
PRINCIPLESIN OUTCOMES-
BASED EDUCATION
Principle 1:CLARITY OF FOCUS
Principle 2:DESIGNING BACKWARDS
Principle 3:HIGH EXPECTATIONS
Principle 4:EXPANDED OPPORTUNITIES
TEACHING-LEARNINGIN
OUTCOMES-BASED
EDUCATION
TIPS ON HOW TEACHING-LEARNING
BE DONE IN OUTCOMES-BASED
EDUCATION
• Teachers must prepare studentsadequately.
• Teachers must create a positive learning environment.
• Teachers must helptheir studentsto understand, whatthey
have to learn, why they should learn it and how will they
know that they have learned.
• Teachers must use a variety of teachingmethods.
• Teachers must provide studentswith enoughopportunities to
use thenew knowledge and skills thatthey gain.
• Teachers must help studentsto bring each learningto a
personal closure thatwill make them aware of what they
learned.
ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING
OUTCOMES IN OBE
To be useful in OBE systems, assessmentshouldbe
guided bythe followingprinciples:
1. Assessment procedure shouldbe valid.Procedure &
toolsshouldactuallyassess what one intends to
test.
2. Assessment procedure shouldbe reliable.The
results shouldbe consistent.
3. Assessment procedure shouldbe fair. Cultural
background& other factorsshouldnotinfluence
assessmentprocedure.
4. Assessment should reflect the knowledgeand skills thatare
important to the students.
5. Assessment should tellboth theteachers and studentshow
studentsare progressing.
6. Assessment should support every student’s opportunity to
learn thingsthatare important.
7. Assessment should allow individuality or uniquenessto be
demonstrated.
8. Assessment should becomprehensive to cover a wide range of
learningoutcomes.
LEARNER’S RESPONSIBILITY
FOR LEARNING
“If you are not willing to learn, no
one canhelp you. If you are
determined to learn no one can
stop you.”
ThankYou 

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Outcomes Based-Education

  • 1. OUTCOMES-BASED- EDUCATION: BASIS FOR ENHANCED TEACHER EDUCATION CURRICULUM
  • 3. OUTCOMES BASED EDUCATION (OBE) - A clearlyfocusing, andorganizing everything in the educational system aroundthe essentialfor all the studentsto do successfullyat the end of their learning experiences. (W. Spady 1994)
  • 4. Spady premisedthatin Outcomes-BasedEducation: • All studentscan learn and succeed,but not atthe sametimeor in thesameway. • Successful learning promotesevenmore successfullearning. • Schools and teacherscontrol theconditionsthatwilldetermineif thestudentsare successfulinschool learning.
  • 6. Principle 1:CLARITY OF FOCUS Principle 2:DESIGNING BACKWARDS Principle 3:HIGH EXPECTATIONS Principle 4:EXPANDED OPPORTUNITIES
  • 8. TIPS ON HOW TEACHING-LEARNING BE DONE IN OUTCOMES-BASED EDUCATION
  • 9. • Teachers must prepare studentsadequately. • Teachers must create a positive learning environment. • Teachers must helptheir studentsto understand, whatthey have to learn, why they should learn it and how will they know that they have learned. • Teachers must use a variety of teachingmethods.
  • 10. • Teachers must provide studentswith enoughopportunities to use thenew knowledge and skills thatthey gain. • Teachers must help studentsto bring each learningto a personal closure thatwill make them aware of what they learned.
  • 12. To be useful in OBE systems, assessmentshouldbe guided bythe followingprinciples: 1. Assessment procedure shouldbe valid.Procedure & toolsshouldactuallyassess what one intends to test. 2. Assessment procedure shouldbe reliable.The results shouldbe consistent. 3. Assessment procedure shouldbe fair. Cultural background& other factorsshouldnotinfluence assessmentprocedure.
  • 13. 4. Assessment should reflect the knowledgeand skills thatare important to the students. 5. Assessment should tellboth theteachers and studentshow studentsare progressing. 6. Assessment should support every student’s opportunity to learn thingsthatare important. 7. Assessment should allow individuality or uniquenessto be demonstrated. 8. Assessment should becomprehensive to cover a wide range of learningoutcomes.
  • 15. “If you are not willing to learn, no one canhelp you. If you are determined to learn no one can stop you.”