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GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS AND GASTRITIS
Osvaldo Bernardo Muchanga 1
Gastrointestinal Infections
GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS result from the ingestion of pathogens that cause
infections at the level of this tract, generally being transmitted by food, water and hands
contaminated by microorganisms such as E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio cholerae,
Campylobacter, Staphylococcus, Rotavirus among others that are generally contained in feces, thus
configuring a FECAL-ORAL type of transmission.
Among the factors that lead to the occurrence of gastrointestinal infections are the hygienic and
sanitary deficiencies that characterize our markets and other places where raw or cooked food is
sold, poor environmental sanitation in communities, deficiencies in water treatment (or in the
process of its plumbing), risky hygienic-sanitary habits (not washing hands after major and/or
minor needs), among others.
These are generally consequences (signs and symptoms) resulting from gastrointestinal infections:
diarrhea, vomiting, fever and malaise, among others.
The treatment consists of replacing lost liquids and electrolytes (drinking drinking water and other
recommended liquids, including consumption of juicy fruits such as papayas, apples, pears, among
others that contain water in their composition).
To prevent this, it is necessary to promote health education, improve the hygienic-sanitary
conditions of markets and communities in general as a way of promoting, preserving and
prolonging PUBLIC HEALTH.
1
Biologist, Master's student in Public Health, University Professor, Public Health Mentor and Student Assistant. Public
Health Lessons. Xai-Xai, Mozambique, June 2024
Email: osvaldomuchanga.om@gmail.com
Gastritis and Gastric Health
Gastric Health is one of the most relevant concerns in human health, with gastrointestinal infections
being among the main illnesses that affect humans.
Among gastric problems, we have GASTRITIS AND GASTRIC ULCERS as the main public
health problems. Gastritis and gastric ulcers normally result from inflammation and corrosion of
the walls of the stomach (gastric mucosa) and are generally associated (caused) by the bacterium
Helicobacter pylor, which, according to the literature, this bacterium settles on these walls (of the
stomach) and starts to release urease that ends up altering the normal pH of the stomach (acid),
which leads to inflammation and corrosion of the mucous membranes and consequent gastritis or
ulcers, respectively.
In addition to bacterial infections, gastritis and gastric ulcers are associated with several factors,
with emphasis on prolonged fasting, chemical substances including drugs, alcohol, foods with
strong seasonings including chilli, which ends up causing inflammation of the stomach walls and/or
corrosion. of the same, resulting in the appearance of wounds and consequent gastritis or ulcers,
respectively.
Among patients with gastritis and/or ulcers, one of the dilemmas is associated with the foods to
consume in order to minimize the sensation of pain and discomfort. From this perspective, foods
that are easy to digest and that do not leave substrates or "cones" after grinding (chewing) are
recommended, thus preventing them from settling on the walls of the stomach, causing the usual
pain and thus PROMOTING, PRESERVING AND PROLONGING PUBLIC HEALTH .
Osvaldo Bernardo Muchanga
#bioassistent_publichealthmentoring
Public Health Lessons

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Osvaldo Bernardo Muchanga-GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS AND GASTRITIS-2024.pdf

  • 1. GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS AND GASTRITIS Osvaldo Bernardo Muchanga 1 Gastrointestinal Infections GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS result from the ingestion of pathogens that cause infections at the level of this tract, generally being transmitted by food, water and hands contaminated by microorganisms such as E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio cholerae, Campylobacter, Staphylococcus, Rotavirus among others that are generally contained in feces, thus configuring a FECAL-ORAL type of transmission. Among the factors that lead to the occurrence of gastrointestinal infections are the hygienic and sanitary deficiencies that characterize our markets and other places where raw or cooked food is sold, poor environmental sanitation in communities, deficiencies in water treatment (or in the process of its plumbing), risky hygienic-sanitary habits (not washing hands after major and/or minor needs), among others. These are generally consequences (signs and symptoms) resulting from gastrointestinal infections: diarrhea, vomiting, fever and malaise, among others. The treatment consists of replacing lost liquids and electrolytes (drinking drinking water and other recommended liquids, including consumption of juicy fruits such as papayas, apples, pears, among others that contain water in their composition). To prevent this, it is necessary to promote health education, improve the hygienic-sanitary conditions of markets and communities in general as a way of promoting, preserving and prolonging PUBLIC HEALTH. 1 Biologist, Master's student in Public Health, University Professor, Public Health Mentor and Student Assistant. Public Health Lessons. Xai-Xai, Mozambique, June 2024 Email: osvaldomuchanga.om@gmail.com
  • 2. Gastritis and Gastric Health Gastric Health is one of the most relevant concerns in human health, with gastrointestinal infections being among the main illnesses that affect humans. Among gastric problems, we have GASTRITIS AND GASTRIC ULCERS as the main public health problems. Gastritis and gastric ulcers normally result from inflammation and corrosion of the walls of the stomach (gastric mucosa) and are generally associated (caused) by the bacterium Helicobacter pylor, which, according to the literature, this bacterium settles on these walls (of the stomach) and starts to release urease that ends up altering the normal pH of the stomach (acid), which leads to inflammation and corrosion of the mucous membranes and consequent gastritis or ulcers, respectively. In addition to bacterial infections, gastritis and gastric ulcers are associated with several factors, with emphasis on prolonged fasting, chemical substances including drugs, alcohol, foods with strong seasonings including chilli, which ends up causing inflammation of the stomach walls and/or corrosion. of the same, resulting in the appearance of wounds and consequent gastritis or ulcers, respectively. Among patients with gastritis and/or ulcers, one of the dilemmas is associated with the foods to consume in order to minimize the sensation of pain and discomfort. From this perspective, foods that are easy to digest and that do not leave substrates or "cones" after grinding (chewing) are recommended, thus preventing them from settling on the walls of the stomach, causing the usual pain and thus PROMOTING, PRESERVING AND PROLONGING PUBLIC HEALTH . Osvaldo Bernardo Muchanga #bioassistent_publichealthmentoring Public Health Lessons