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Why is Responsible Research & Innovation
important?
Aliki Giannakopoulou
➔ Making sense of Responsible Research & Innovation
➔ The Citizen science approach
Who are we
One of the most innovative schools in Greece
Classes from kindergarden to high school
Research & Development department
A teacher training centre
Running more than 20 European projects
Coordinator of the Open schools for Open societies project
Responsible Research &
Innovation
Health,
demographic
change, and
wellbeing
Food,
agriculture and
forestry, and
water
Secure, clean
and efficient
energy
Smart, green
and integrated
transport
Climate action,
environment,
and resources
Secure societies:
freedom and
security of Europe
and its citizens
Europe in a changing
world: inclusive,
innovative and
reflective societies
Society is facing many challenges today…
...like those identified by the European Commission
● GMOs
● fracking
● food safety
● affordable medication
among others…
Science & technology sometimes create risks and dilemmas
Society needs a new R&I approach to address present and future
controversies more efficiently.
RRI tackles these Grand Challenges by aligning the values, needs and
expectations of all actors involved in Research and Innovation.
What do you do when you do RRI?
Align R&I with
societal values,
needs and
expectations
Open R&I to
all actors and
at all levels
RRI
Ensure R&I
addresses
societal
challenges
RRI seeks to bring issues
related to R&I into the open
in order to anticipate their
consequences, and to involve
society in discussing how
science and technology may
help us create the world we
want.
What is RRI?
WATCH VIDEO
Implementing RRI: process dimensions
Openness
and
Transparency
Anticipation
and Reflection
Responsiveness
and Adaptive
Change
Diversity and
Inclusion
From the RRI TOOLS
Project
Who are the main actors in R&I processes?
POLICY
MAKERS
From funders to policy
officers, research centre
directors and representatives
of learned societies, whether
at a European, national, or
local scale
EDUCATION
COMMUNITY
Teachers, students, science
museums’ staff, families
and all those concerned
with education at all levels
RESEARCH
COMMUNITY
Researchers, innovators,
research managers, public
affairs and
communication officers,
and all those who support
the diversity of the R&I
system
CIVIL SOCIETY
ORGANISATIONS
From individuals to
organisations, NGOs
and the media, civil
society is crucial to
shape the R&I our
society needs
BUSINESS
& INDUSTRY
From contractors and
SMEs to large transnational
companies with strong R&I
activity
The six Policy Agendas
GENDER EQUALITY
Promoting human
resources in research
for attaining gender
balance
ETHICS
Ensuring
research
integrity, and
science & society
OPEN
ACCESS
Guaranteeing access
to scientific
knowledge to
boost R&I
GOVERNANCE
Providing instruments
to foster shared
responsibility in R&I
practices
PUBLIC
ENGAGEMENT
Fostering
collaborative and
multi-actor
processes in R&I
SCIENCE
EDUCATION
Increasing the knowledge
and skills of citizens in
order to promote scientific
vocations and participation
and considering specific key issues
RRI is about:
Policy Makers
Research
Community
Civil Society
Organisations
Business & Industry
Education
Community
Science
Education
Ethics
Gender
Equality
Governance
Open
Access
Public
Engagement
Open and
Transparent
including all actors,
and process dimensions
Diverse and
Inclusive
Anticipative
and Reflective
Responsive
and Adaptive
Open access in the RRI context
Each year we have 2.000.000 scientific articles
90% of research outcomes each year is locked
From the 2 million articles 1 million is rejected the first time (1
bounce 6 months delay)- 500.000 years of delay each year
Valid data useful to different stakeholders are out of reach
Open Science in RRI
Publish all valid research data and focus on optimizing efficiency
and quality control
Transparent Process
Gives access to all relevant stakeholders
Science Education in RRI
Creating an Open School culture
Import external ideas that challenge internal views
and beliefs and, in turn, exports its students – and
their assets – to the local community
School makes a vital contribution to its community
Student projects meet real needs in the community outside of
school, they are presented publicly, and draw upon local expertise
and experience. www.openschools.eu
Citizen Science
What is Citizen science?
Citizen science is the involvement of the public in scientific research
– whether community-driven research or global investigations
Citizen science projects should…
 have a genuine science outcome
 ensure both scientists and citizens benefit from taking part
 ensure citizens receive feedback from the project
 have data publicly available
 citizens are acknowledged in the results
How citizen science can become more
responsible?
Topic/relation to researchers/raising ethical issues/bringing up gender
issues
For example take…. the Alzheimer's’ Society in the UK
In every step – defining research questions, doing the research,
analysing the data and measuring the impact – the patients and
carers who are affected by memory loss are involved as co-
researchers.
Or the Biohacking community… contributing to charters of bioethics
Or the Raremark community for people with rare diseases who
often know more about their diseases than many doctors do
How RRI is your practice?
The Self-Reflection Tool ( RRI TOOLS PROJECT)
The SRT offers you room for reflection on those aspects of RRI you already consider in
your work, those you don’t, and how you and your organisation can move towards a
more responsible practice.
SELF-REFLECTION TOOL
Thank you!
Contact info: Aliki Giannakopoulou, giannakopoulou@ea.gr
www.ea.gr
www.openschools.eu
www.rri-tools.eu

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OSFair2017 Workshop | Why is responsible research & innovation important?

  • 1. Why is Responsible Research & Innovation important? Aliki Giannakopoulou
  • 2. ➔ Making sense of Responsible Research & Innovation ➔ The Citizen science approach
  • 4. One of the most innovative schools in Greece Classes from kindergarden to high school Research & Development department A teacher training centre Running more than 20 European projects Coordinator of the Open schools for Open societies project
  • 6. Health, demographic change, and wellbeing Food, agriculture and forestry, and water Secure, clean and efficient energy Smart, green and integrated transport Climate action, environment, and resources Secure societies: freedom and security of Europe and its citizens Europe in a changing world: inclusive, innovative and reflective societies Society is facing many challenges today… ...like those identified by the European Commission
  • 7. ● GMOs ● fracking ● food safety ● affordable medication among others… Science & technology sometimes create risks and dilemmas Society needs a new R&I approach to address present and future controversies more efficiently. RRI tackles these Grand Challenges by aligning the values, needs and expectations of all actors involved in Research and Innovation.
  • 8. What do you do when you do RRI? Align R&I with societal values, needs and expectations Open R&I to all actors and at all levels RRI Ensure R&I addresses societal challenges RRI seeks to bring issues related to R&I into the open in order to anticipate their consequences, and to involve society in discussing how science and technology may help us create the world we want.
  • 10. Implementing RRI: process dimensions Openness and Transparency Anticipation and Reflection Responsiveness and Adaptive Change Diversity and Inclusion From the RRI TOOLS Project
  • 11. Who are the main actors in R&I processes? POLICY MAKERS From funders to policy officers, research centre directors and representatives of learned societies, whether at a European, national, or local scale EDUCATION COMMUNITY Teachers, students, science museums’ staff, families and all those concerned with education at all levels RESEARCH COMMUNITY Researchers, innovators, research managers, public affairs and communication officers, and all those who support the diversity of the R&I system CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS From individuals to organisations, NGOs and the media, civil society is crucial to shape the R&I our society needs BUSINESS & INDUSTRY From contractors and SMEs to large transnational companies with strong R&I activity
  • 12. The six Policy Agendas GENDER EQUALITY Promoting human resources in research for attaining gender balance ETHICS Ensuring research integrity, and science & society OPEN ACCESS Guaranteeing access to scientific knowledge to boost R&I GOVERNANCE Providing instruments to foster shared responsibility in R&I practices PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT Fostering collaborative and multi-actor processes in R&I SCIENCE EDUCATION Increasing the knowledge and skills of citizens in order to promote scientific vocations and participation
  • 13. and considering specific key issues RRI is about: Policy Makers Research Community Civil Society Organisations Business & Industry Education Community Science Education Ethics Gender Equality Governance Open Access Public Engagement Open and Transparent including all actors, and process dimensions Diverse and Inclusive Anticipative and Reflective Responsive and Adaptive
  • 14. Open access in the RRI context Each year we have 2.000.000 scientific articles 90% of research outcomes each year is locked From the 2 million articles 1 million is rejected the first time (1 bounce 6 months delay)- 500.000 years of delay each year Valid data useful to different stakeholders are out of reach
  • 15. Open Science in RRI Publish all valid research data and focus on optimizing efficiency and quality control Transparent Process Gives access to all relevant stakeholders
  • 16. Science Education in RRI Creating an Open School culture Import external ideas that challenge internal views and beliefs and, in turn, exports its students – and their assets – to the local community School makes a vital contribution to its community Student projects meet real needs in the community outside of school, they are presented publicly, and draw upon local expertise and experience. www.openschools.eu
  • 18. What is Citizen science? Citizen science is the involvement of the public in scientific research – whether community-driven research or global investigations
  • 19. Citizen science projects should…  have a genuine science outcome  ensure both scientists and citizens benefit from taking part  ensure citizens receive feedback from the project  have data publicly available  citizens are acknowledged in the results
  • 20. How citizen science can become more responsible? Topic/relation to researchers/raising ethical issues/bringing up gender issues For example take…. the Alzheimer's’ Society in the UK In every step – defining research questions, doing the research, analysing the data and measuring the impact – the patients and carers who are affected by memory loss are involved as co- researchers. Or the Biohacking community… contributing to charters of bioethics Or the Raremark community for people with rare diseases who often know more about their diseases than many doctors do
  • 21. How RRI is your practice? The Self-Reflection Tool ( RRI TOOLS PROJECT) The SRT offers you room for reflection on those aspects of RRI you already consider in your work, those you don’t, and how you and your organisation can move towards a more responsible practice. SELF-REFLECTION TOOL
  • 22. Thank you! Contact info: Aliki Giannakopoulou, giannakopoulou@ea.gr www.ea.gr www.openschools.eu www.rri-tools.eu

Editor's Notes

  1. Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside. Fracking uses huge amounts of water, which must be transported to the fracking site, at significant environmental cost. Environmentalists say potentially carcinogenic chemicals used may escape and contaminate groundwater around the fracking site. The industry suggests pollution incidents are the results of bad practice, rather than an inherently risky technique.
  2. Diversity and Inclusion means early involvement of a wide range of of actors and publics in R&I practice, deliberation, and decision-making to yield more useful and higher quality knowledge. This strengthens democracy and broadens sources of expertise, disciplines and perspectives. Responsiveness and Adaptive Change means to be able to modify modes of thought and behaviour, overarching organizational structures, in response to changing circumstances, knowledge, and perspectives. This aligns action with the needs expressed by stakeholders and publics. Anticipation and Reflection means to envision impacts and reflect on the underlying assumptions, values, and purposes to better understand how R&I shapes the future. This produces valuable insights and increases our capacity to act on what we know. Openness and Transparency means to communicate in a balanced, meaningful way methods, results, conclusions, and implications to enable public scrutiny and dialogue. This benefits the visibility and understanding of R&I.
  3. Ethics focuses on (1) research integrity: the prevention of unacceptable research and research practices; and (2) science and society: the ethical acceptability of scientific and technological developments. Gender Equality is about promoting gender balanced teams, ensuring gender balance in decision-making bodies, and considering the gender dimension in R&I in order to improve the quality and social relevance of results. Governance: arrangements that lead to acceptable and desirable futures have to be (1) robust and adaptable to the unpredictable development of R&I (de facto governance); (2) familiar enough to align with existing practices in R&I; (3) share responsibility and accountability among all actors; and (4) provide governance instruments to actually foster this shared responsibility. Open Access addresses issues of accessibility to and ownership of scientific information. Free and earlier access to scientific work could improve the quality of scientific research and facilitate fast innovation, constructive collaboration among peers and productive dialogue with civil society. Public Engagement fosters collaborative and multi-actor R&I processes: all societal actors work together throughout the entire process in order to align its outcomes with the values, needs and expectations of society. Science Education focuses on (1) enhancing the current education process to better equip citizens with the necessary knowledge and skills to enable their participation in R&I debates; and (2) increasing the number of researchers (promoting scientific vocations).
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uPtP6-nAjJ0
  5.  families turn into scientists and scientists turn into campaigners