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Opinion vs. Truth
• Today, we encounter a lot of
information from various sources
such as the media and our
interactions with friends, family, and
members of the community.
• Most of them is helpful, but some
may mislead or may even be utterly
false.
• How can we distinguish opinion from
truth?
• Most of the time there are
statements presented to you in
readings or perhaps in speaking
engagements.
• You are asked to listen that based on
facts and opinions.
• Reading materials or speeches tend
to have interwoven statements as
either fact or opinion wherein your
critical skill is called to sort which is
true from those set of beliefs or
ideas.
Opinion vs. Truth
Opinion vs. Truth
Opinion vs. Truth
• However, there are philosophical grounds to
which fact and opinion should be critically
analyzed.
• Take for example John Corvino’s Three
Distinction of opinion and truth:
John Corvino’s Three Distinction of
opinion and truth
• 1.Belief and Reality Distinction
– Reality is unarguably seen and felt by the human
senses. Whereas, belief is a by-product or a
manifestation of any reality.
– For example: Your reality right now is your being a
student enrolled in a certain curriculum.
– There can be several beliefs system that can thrive out
from that reality: Finishing academic year with either
outstanding grades or just passing remarks.
Graduating with honors or graduating simply as an
ordinary graduate.
2. Subjective and Objective Distinction
• Perspective is what makes fact as possibly an
opinion or opinion as potentially a fact.
• This can vary according to one’s experience and
position making judgment as either subjective or
objective.
• What makes your viewpoint subjective is when
you rely so much on your perception as dictated
by your mind.
• And when something appears to you objectively
that means there are reasons outside of the
mind that make the thing true.
Opinion vs. Truth
Descriptive and Normative Distinction
• How any experience is labelled depends on
their representations from the world.
• There is such a thing we call Descriptive
statements which simply narrates what
happens, while there are the
• Normative statements which evaluate the
events according to the perspective of
people, a certain culture and law.
• For example, in a certain class the
teacher observes cheating to be rampant
which is basically a wrong doing
(Descriptive), but, with the group of
students doing the act they might reason
out that the act is for their greater
good(Normative).
Opinion vs. Truth
Opinion vs. Truth
Opinion vs. Truth
Opinion vs. Truth
Opinion vs. Truth
Opinion vs. Truth
Opinion vs. Truth
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kl
C729hKdu0

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Opinion vs. Truth

  • 2. • Today, we encounter a lot of information from various sources such as the media and our interactions with friends, family, and members of the community. • Most of them is helpful, but some may mislead or may even be utterly false.
  • 3. • How can we distinguish opinion from truth? • Most of the time there are statements presented to you in readings or perhaps in speaking engagements.
  • 4. • You are asked to listen that based on facts and opinions. • Reading materials or speeches tend to have interwoven statements as either fact or opinion wherein your critical skill is called to sort which is true from those set of beliefs or ideas.
  • 8. • However, there are philosophical grounds to which fact and opinion should be critically analyzed. • Take for example John Corvino’s Three Distinction of opinion and truth:
  • 9. John Corvino’s Three Distinction of opinion and truth • 1.Belief and Reality Distinction – Reality is unarguably seen and felt by the human senses. Whereas, belief is a by-product or a manifestation of any reality. – For example: Your reality right now is your being a student enrolled in a certain curriculum. – There can be several beliefs system that can thrive out from that reality: Finishing academic year with either outstanding grades or just passing remarks. Graduating with honors or graduating simply as an ordinary graduate.
  • 10. 2. Subjective and Objective Distinction • Perspective is what makes fact as possibly an opinion or opinion as potentially a fact. • This can vary according to one’s experience and position making judgment as either subjective or objective. • What makes your viewpoint subjective is when you rely so much on your perception as dictated by your mind. • And when something appears to you objectively that means there are reasons outside of the mind that make the thing true.
  • 12. Descriptive and Normative Distinction • How any experience is labelled depends on their representations from the world. • There is such a thing we call Descriptive statements which simply narrates what happens, while there are the • Normative statements which evaluate the events according to the perspective of people, a certain culture and law.
  • 13. • For example, in a certain class the teacher observes cheating to be rampant which is basically a wrong doing (Descriptive), but, with the group of students doing the act they might reason out that the act is for their greater good(Normative).