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Open Knowledge, Open Data,
Open Standards and Open
Formats
Nikesh Balami
Open Knowledge Nepal
www.neekes.com.np
The Open Knowledge
➢ We are a global network using advocacy and technology to
open up knowledge and see it used to empower citizens and
organizations to drive positive change.
➢ We build tools and communities to create, use and share
open knowledge - content and data that everyone can use,
share and build on.
➢ We believe that by creating an open knowledge commons and
developing tools and communities around this we can make a
significant contribution to improving governance, research
and the economy.
Working Groups (okfn.org/wg)
What do we mean by open?
“A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free
to use, reuse, and redistribute it - subject only, at
most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-
alike” - http://opendefinition.org/
What means Open Data?
Open data involves:
➢ the proactive disclosure of information;
➢ the Internet being the primary medium for such disclosure;
➢ information being made available for access and for reuse free of charge
and;
➢ information being made available in a machine-readable format to enable
computer-based reuse.
Why Open Data?
➢ Innovation, Efficiency and Transparency
➢ The Many Mind Principle - The best thing to do with your data
will be thought of by someone else
➢ Fixing is Faster with Open Data - To many eyes all bugs are
shallow
What Kinds?
How to Make Data Public??
1) Mandate data formats for maximal technical access
2) Provide comprehensive and appropriate formats for
varied uses
3) Remove restrictions for accessing information
4) Mandate data be explicitly license - free
5) Mandate the use of unique identifiers
6) Require code sharing or publishing open source
7) Publish bulk data
8) Optimize methods of data collection
9) Mandate ongoing data publication and updates
10) Create permanent, Lasting access to data
Now Open Standards and Open
Format
Open Standards allow people to share all kinds of
data freely and with perfect fidelity. They prevent
lock-in and other artificial barriers to interoperability,
and promote choice between vendors and technology
solutions. - FSFE
Why Open Standards Important?
➢ Provide you with an adaptable design
➢ Give you greater choice
➢ Make it possible for your digital services to change over
time
➢ Rapid Development
➢ Leverage Existing Skills
Open Format??
An Open File Format is a published specification for
storing digital data, usually maintained by a standards
organization, and which can be used and implemented by
anyone.
Source: Wikipedia
Note that because the various definitions of
"Open Standard and Open Formats" differ
in their requirements, the examples listed
below may not be open by every definition.
Examples:
# Image
➢ GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)
➢ PNG
➢ SVG
➢ MNG
➢ APNG
➢ JEPG 2000
etc etc..
Examples:
# Video
➢ Dirac
➢ Matroska (MKV)
➢ Webm
➢ Theora
etc etc...
Examples:
# Audio
➢ ALAC
➢ FLAC
➢ OGG
➢ Musepack
➢ Vorbis
etc etc..
Examples:
# Text
➢ Plain Text
➢ HTML
➢ Unicode
➢ DVI
➢ LaTeX
➢ Office Open
➢ Open Document
➢ PostScript
➢ Various Subsets of PDF
➢ ePub
etc etc..
Examples:
# Archiving and Compression:
➢ 7Z
➢ Zip
➢ TAR
➢ gZip
➢ PAQ
etc etc..
Open Document Formats:
➢ Comma-Separated Values (CSV)
➢ Tab-Separated Values (TSV)
➢ Excel Spreadsheets (XLS/XLSX)
➢ Extensible Markup Language (XML)
➢ JavaScript Object Notation (JSON)
➢ Resource Description Format (RDF)
➢ RDF Site Summary (RSS Feeds)
Why All This??
Past:
Present:
Future:
This increase the value of Open Standards
The Primary goal is to make the data accessible
and to create the interface or experience that
makes it most useful to those who needs it.
Let's Follow:
“Thinking is easy, acting is difficult, and to put one's
thoughts into action is the most difficult thing in the world”.
- Johan Wolfgang VoGoethe
Thank You!!

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TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 

The Open Knowledge, Open Data, Open Standards and Open Formats

  • 1. Open Knowledge, Open Data, Open Standards and Open Formats Nikesh Balami Open Knowledge Nepal www.neekes.com.np
  • 2. The Open Knowledge ➢ We are a global network using advocacy and technology to open up knowledge and see it used to empower citizens and organizations to drive positive change. ➢ We build tools and communities to create, use and share open knowledge - content and data that everyone can use, share and build on. ➢ We believe that by creating an open knowledge commons and developing tools and communities around this we can make a significant contribution to improving governance, research and the economy.
  • 4. What do we mean by open?
  • 5. “A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share- alike” - http://opendefinition.org/
  • 6. What means Open Data? Open data involves: ➢ the proactive disclosure of information; ➢ the Internet being the primary medium for such disclosure; ➢ information being made available for access and for reuse free of charge and; ➢ information being made available in a machine-readable format to enable computer-based reuse.
  • 7. Why Open Data? ➢ Innovation, Efficiency and Transparency ➢ The Many Mind Principle - The best thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else ➢ Fixing is Faster with Open Data - To many eyes all bugs are shallow
  • 9. How to Make Data Public??
  • 10. 1) Mandate data formats for maximal technical access 2) Provide comprehensive and appropriate formats for varied uses
  • 11. 3) Remove restrictions for accessing information 4) Mandate data be explicitly license - free
  • 12. 5) Mandate the use of unique identifiers 6) Require code sharing or publishing open source
  • 13. 7) Publish bulk data 8) Optimize methods of data collection
  • 14. 9) Mandate ongoing data publication and updates 10) Create permanent, Lasting access to data
  • 15. Now Open Standards and Open Format
  • 16. Open Standards allow people to share all kinds of data freely and with perfect fidelity. They prevent lock-in and other artificial barriers to interoperability, and promote choice between vendors and technology solutions. - FSFE
  • 17. Why Open Standards Important? ➢ Provide you with an adaptable design ➢ Give you greater choice ➢ Make it possible for your digital services to change over time ➢ Rapid Development ➢ Leverage Existing Skills
  • 18. Open Format?? An Open File Format is a published specification for storing digital data, usually maintained by a standards organization, and which can be used and implemented by anyone. Source: Wikipedia
  • 19. Note that because the various definitions of "Open Standard and Open Formats" differ in their requirements, the examples listed below may not be open by every definition.
  • 20. Examples: # Image ➢ GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) ➢ PNG ➢ SVG ➢ MNG ➢ APNG ➢ JEPG 2000 etc etc..
  • 21. Examples: # Video ➢ Dirac ➢ Matroska (MKV) ➢ Webm ➢ Theora etc etc...
  • 22. Examples: # Audio ➢ ALAC ➢ FLAC ➢ OGG ➢ Musepack ➢ Vorbis etc etc..
  • 23. Examples: # Text ➢ Plain Text ➢ HTML ➢ Unicode ➢ DVI ➢ LaTeX ➢ Office Open ➢ Open Document ➢ PostScript ➢ Various Subsets of PDF ➢ ePub etc etc..
  • 24. Examples: # Archiving and Compression: ➢ 7Z ➢ Zip ➢ TAR ➢ gZip ➢ PAQ etc etc..
  • 25. Open Document Formats: ➢ Comma-Separated Values (CSV) ➢ Tab-Separated Values (TSV) ➢ Excel Spreadsheets (XLS/XLSX) ➢ Extensible Markup Language (XML) ➢ JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) ➢ Resource Description Format (RDF) ➢ RDF Site Summary (RSS Feeds)
  • 27. Past:
  • 30. This increase the value of Open Standards
  • 31. The Primary goal is to make the data accessible and to create the interface or experience that makes it most useful to those who needs it.
  • 32. Let's Follow: “Thinking is easy, acting is difficult, and to put one's thoughts into action is the most difficult thing in the world”. - Johan Wolfgang VoGoethe