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<Insert Picture Here>
OSGi and Java EE: A Hybrid Approach to Enterprise Java Application
Development
Sanjeeb Sahoo
Staff Engineer, Sun Microsystems India Pvt. Ltd.
2
The following is intended to outline our general
product direction. It is intended for information
purposes only, and may not be incorporated into any
contract. It is not a commitment to deliver any
material, code, or functionality, and should not be
relied upon in making purchasing decisions.
The development, release, and timing of any
features or functionality described for Oracle’s
products remains at the sole discretion of Oracle.
Safe Harbor Statements
3
The preceding is intended to outline our general
product direction. It is intended for information
purposes only, and may not be incorporated into any
contract. It is not a commitment to deliver any
material, code, or functionality, and should not be
relied upon in making purchasing decisions.
The development, release, and timing of any
features or functionality described for Oracle’s
products remains at the sole discretion of Oracle.
4
<Insert Picture Here>
Agenda
• OSGi 101
• OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications
• Advanced usecases
• Hybrid Application Demo
• Q & A
5
<Insert Picture Here>
Agenda
• OSGi 101
• OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications
• Advanced usecases
• Hybrid Application Demo
• Q & A
6
OSGi
Service oriented
dynamic
module system
for Java
7
OSGi Layers
8
Module Layer
• Bundle – a unit of modularity in OSGi
• Encapsulation
• Lifecycle independent of the JVM
• Versionable
• Packaged as a JAR (classes + Manifest with OSGi
metadata)
• Very explicit dependency specification
• Well defined dependency resolution rules
9
Bundle-SymbolicName: com.acme.hello.startup
Bundle-Name: Hello World OSGi Sample
Bundle-Version: 1.0.1
Bundle-ManifestVersion: 2
Bundle-Activator: com.acme.hello.startup.MyActivator
Export-Package: com.acme.hello.startup;version=1.0.0
Import-Package: org.osgi.framework;version=1.3
OSGi Metadata
10
Classloading in OSGi
Image from the OSGi R4 Core Specification
11
Lifecycle Layer
• Provides an API to manage bundles
– BundleContext.install
– BundleContext.uninstall
– Bundle.update
• BundleActivator
• BundleListener – listen to BundleEvents
– Synchronous
– Asynchronous
12
Bundle Lifecycle
Image from the OSGi R4 Core Specification
13
Service Layer
• In-VM SOA
• Service Registry
– Register
– Unregister
• Service is a POJO
• Service Dynamism
– Service tracking
• Service Discovery
– LDAP filter based queries
14
Interactions between OSGi Layers
Image from the OSGi R4 Core Specification
15
OSGi benefits – a recap
• Layered approach
• Modularity
– Enforces modularity
– Ensures class-space consistency
– Enables component reuse
– Supports versioning and evolution
• Dynamism
– Bundles
– Services
• Ease of deployment and management
– OBR
• Bundle deployment order is not relevant
– Faster deployment cycle
16
OSGi meets Java EE
17
<Insert Picture Here>
Agenda
• OSGi 101
• OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications
• Advanced usecases
• Hybrid Application Demo
• Q & A
18
Java EE
Platform of choice for enterprise applications
• Widely used APIs (JPA, JTA, JAXB, JNDI)
• Component Models (Servlet, EJB, JAX-RS)
• Frameworks (JSF, CDI)
• Ease of Use (Annotations, Convention over
Configuration)
• Platform provided infrastructure services
(Transaction, Security, Persistence, Remoting)
• Tools (IDE, Management, Monitoring)
• Ubiquitous deployment platform for enterprise
applications
19
Hybrid Applications
Meeting of the two worlds
• OSGi + Java EE = Hybrid application
• Hybrid application
– An OSGi bundle
– And a Java EE Archive
• Leverage the capabilities of both the platforms
– Enterprise applications can now
• be built as modular OSGi bundles
• use OBR, Config Admin, service tracking, etc.
– OSGi bundles can now use Java EE services like JTA, JPA,
etc.
20
Current State
• OSGi Enterprise Expert Group (EEG)
– Relased OSGi Service Platform Enterprise Specification 4.2
in 2010
• Open source efforts
– Project GlassFish
– Project Aries
– Eclipse Gemini
21
OSGi/Web Application (WAB)
• Web Application Bundle (WAB)
– WAR + OSGi metadata + Web-ContextPath header
• Can use all enterprise APIs (like JPA, JTA)
• Wrapped WAR support
– webbundle: URL scheme
22
Bundle-SymbolicName: com.acme.hellowab
Bundle-Name: Hello World OSGi Web Application
Bundle-Version: 1.0.0
Bundle-ManifestVersion: 2
Bundle-Activator: com.acme.hellowab.MyActivator
Import-Package: javax.servlet; javax.servlet.http; version=3.0,
org.osgi.framework; version=1.5
Bundle-ClassPath: WEB-INF/classes, WEB-INF/lib/foo.jar
Web-ContextPath: /hello
OSGi Metadata of a WAB
23
Hybrid application bundle lifecycle
24
Enterprise OSGi Specifications
• OSGi/Web Application
• OSGi/JPA
• OSGi/JDBC
• OSGi/JTA
• OSGi/JNDI
• OSGi/HTTP Service
• OSGi Blueprint Service
25
EE APIs in OSGi
• OSGi/JDBC
– JDBC driver as DataSourceFactory
– Dynamic discovery of driver details
– Multiple versions of same driver
• OSGi/JTA
– JTA artifacts available as OSGi Services
• OSGi/JPA
– Enhancement of JPA entities at runtime
– Same packaging rules as JPA and also deploy entities as a
bundle
– Shared Persistence Unit and thereby shared second level
cache
26
Tools
• BND (http://www.aqute.biz/Code/Bnd)
– de-facto tool for OSGi metadata generation
– maven-bundle-plugin
– Ant task
• IDE
– Eclipse
– NetBeans
– IntelliJ IDEA
27
Advanced Usecases
28
<Insert Picture Here>
Agenda
• OSGi 101
• OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications
• Advanced usecases
• Hybrid Application Demo
• Q & A
29
OSGi/EJB Application
• Allows you to develop managed, transactional, secure
OSGi services with very little knowledge of OSGi
• Make your existing EJB service available to OSGi
clients with little effort
• Achieved through simple manifest metadata
– Export-EJB: ALL/None/<names of stateless local EJB>
30
Bundle-SymbolicName: com.acme.helloEjbOsgi
Bundle-Name: Hello World OSGi EJB Bundle
Bundle-Version: 1.0.0
Bundle-ManifestVersion: 2
Import-Package: javax.ejb; version=3.0,
Export-EJB: ALL
OSGi Metadata of an OSGi/EJB bundle
31
CDI
• Brings type-safe dependency injection to EE platform
– Strong typing and loose coupling
• Well defined life cycle of stateful objects bound to life
cycle contexts
• Ability to decorate and intercept injected Beans
• An event notification model
• An ability to develop portable extensions that
integrates with the container to extend the runtime
32
GlassFish CDI/OSGi Portable Extension
• Use of CDI for type safe injection of OSGi services
@WebServlet(urlPatterns = “/login”)
public class FooServlet implements HttpServlet {
    @Inject 
    @org.glassfish.osgicdi.OSGiService(
          dynamic=”true”, 
          timeout = 200, 
          serviceCriteria=<an ldap query >)
    FooService foo;
}
33
Demo: Putting them
together
34
Demo schematic
• WAB
• JPA- LAZY loading
• EJB as Service
• OSGi Service Injection
• OBR
• Security/Transaction
Context propagation
Simple
OSGi
Bundle
OSGi
Service
Simple
OSGi
Service
EJB
OSGi
Service
Advanced
WAB
Simple
WAB
35
Call To Action
• Want to build hybrid applications?
– Try our tutorial at http://tinyurl.com/osgieehol
• Want to try out?
– Use GlassFish 3.1 trunk builds from http://glassfish.org
• Questions?
– users@glassfish.dev.java.net
36
References
• OSGi Service Platform Core and Enterprise
Specification 4.2
– http://www.osgi.org
• Project GlassFish
– http://glassfish.org
• Hybrid application samples
– http://wikis.sun.com/display/GlassFish/BlogsGfOsgi
37
<Insert Picture Here>
Agenda
• OSGi 101
• OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications
• Advanced usecases
• Hybrid Application Demo
• Q & A
38
<Insert Picture Here>
OSGi and Java EE: A Hybrid Approach to Enterprise Java Application
Development
Sanjeeb Sahoo
Staff Engineer, Sun Microsystems India Pvt. Ltd.

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OSGi & Java EE: A hybrid approach to Enterprise Java Application Development, Sahoo

  • 1. 1 <Insert Picture Here> OSGi and Java EE: A Hybrid Approach to Enterprise Java Application Development Sanjeeb Sahoo Staff Engineer, Sun Microsystems India Pvt. Ltd.
  • 2. 2 The following is intended to outline our general product direction. It is intended for information purposes only, and may not be incorporated into any contract. It is not a commitment to deliver any material, code, or functionality, and should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions. The development, release, and timing of any features or functionality described for Oracle’s products remains at the sole discretion of Oracle. Safe Harbor Statements
  • 3. 3 The preceding is intended to outline our general product direction. It is intended for information purposes only, and may not be incorporated into any contract. It is not a commitment to deliver any material, code, or functionality, and should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions. The development, release, and timing of any features or functionality described for Oracle’s products remains at the sole discretion of Oracle.
  • 4. 4 <Insert Picture Here> Agenda • OSGi 101 • OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications • Advanced usecases • Hybrid Application Demo • Q & A
  • 5. 5 <Insert Picture Here> Agenda • OSGi 101 • OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications • Advanced usecases • Hybrid Application Demo • Q & A
  • 8. 8 Module Layer • Bundle – a unit of modularity in OSGi • Encapsulation • Lifecycle independent of the JVM • Versionable • Packaged as a JAR (classes + Manifest with OSGi metadata) • Very explicit dependency specification • Well defined dependency resolution rules
  • 9. 9 Bundle-SymbolicName: com.acme.hello.startup Bundle-Name: Hello World OSGi Sample Bundle-Version: 1.0.1 Bundle-ManifestVersion: 2 Bundle-Activator: com.acme.hello.startup.MyActivator Export-Package: com.acme.hello.startup;version=1.0.0 Import-Package: org.osgi.framework;version=1.3 OSGi Metadata
  • 10. 10 Classloading in OSGi Image from the OSGi R4 Core Specification
  • 11. 11 Lifecycle Layer • Provides an API to manage bundles – BundleContext.install – BundleContext.uninstall – Bundle.update • BundleActivator • BundleListener – listen to BundleEvents – Synchronous – Asynchronous
  • 12. 12 Bundle Lifecycle Image from the OSGi R4 Core Specification
  • 13. 13 Service Layer • In-VM SOA • Service Registry – Register – Unregister • Service is a POJO • Service Dynamism – Service tracking • Service Discovery – LDAP filter based queries
  • 14. 14 Interactions between OSGi Layers Image from the OSGi R4 Core Specification
  • 15. 15 OSGi benefits – a recap • Layered approach • Modularity – Enforces modularity – Ensures class-space consistency – Enables component reuse – Supports versioning and evolution • Dynamism – Bundles – Services • Ease of deployment and management – OBR • Bundle deployment order is not relevant – Faster deployment cycle
  • 17. 17 <Insert Picture Here> Agenda • OSGi 101 • OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications • Advanced usecases • Hybrid Application Demo • Q & A
  • 18. 18 Java EE Platform of choice for enterprise applications • Widely used APIs (JPA, JTA, JAXB, JNDI) • Component Models (Servlet, EJB, JAX-RS) • Frameworks (JSF, CDI) • Ease of Use (Annotations, Convention over Configuration) • Platform provided infrastructure services (Transaction, Security, Persistence, Remoting) • Tools (IDE, Management, Monitoring) • Ubiquitous deployment platform for enterprise applications
  • 19. 19 Hybrid Applications Meeting of the two worlds • OSGi + Java EE = Hybrid application • Hybrid application – An OSGi bundle – And a Java EE Archive • Leverage the capabilities of both the platforms – Enterprise applications can now • be built as modular OSGi bundles • use OBR, Config Admin, service tracking, etc. – OSGi bundles can now use Java EE services like JTA, JPA, etc.
  • 20. 20 Current State • OSGi Enterprise Expert Group (EEG) – Relased OSGi Service Platform Enterprise Specification 4.2 in 2010 • Open source efforts – Project GlassFish – Project Aries – Eclipse Gemini
  • 21. 21 OSGi/Web Application (WAB) • Web Application Bundle (WAB) – WAR + OSGi metadata + Web-ContextPath header • Can use all enterprise APIs (like JPA, JTA) • Wrapped WAR support – webbundle: URL scheme
  • 22. 22 Bundle-SymbolicName: com.acme.hellowab Bundle-Name: Hello World OSGi Web Application Bundle-Version: 1.0.0 Bundle-ManifestVersion: 2 Bundle-Activator: com.acme.hellowab.MyActivator Import-Package: javax.servlet; javax.servlet.http; version=3.0, org.osgi.framework; version=1.5 Bundle-ClassPath: WEB-INF/classes, WEB-INF/lib/foo.jar Web-ContextPath: /hello OSGi Metadata of a WAB
  • 24. 24 Enterprise OSGi Specifications • OSGi/Web Application • OSGi/JPA • OSGi/JDBC • OSGi/JTA • OSGi/JNDI • OSGi/HTTP Service • OSGi Blueprint Service
  • 25. 25 EE APIs in OSGi • OSGi/JDBC – JDBC driver as DataSourceFactory – Dynamic discovery of driver details – Multiple versions of same driver • OSGi/JTA – JTA artifacts available as OSGi Services • OSGi/JPA – Enhancement of JPA entities at runtime – Same packaging rules as JPA and also deploy entities as a bundle – Shared Persistence Unit and thereby shared second level cache
  • 26. 26 Tools • BND (http://www.aqute.biz/Code/Bnd) – de-facto tool for OSGi metadata generation – maven-bundle-plugin – Ant task • IDE – Eclipse – NetBeans – IntelliJ IDEA
  • 28. 28 <Insert Picture Here> Agenda • OSGi 101 • OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications • Advanced usecases • Hybrid Application Demo • Q & A
  • 29. 29 OSGi/EJB Application • Allows you to develop managed, transactional, secure OSGi services with very little knowledge of OSGi • Make your existing EJB service available to OSGi clients with little effort • Achieved through simple manifest metadata – Export-EJB: ALL/None/<names of stateless local EJB>
  • 30. 30 Bundle-SymbolicName: com.acme.helloEjbOsgi Bundle-Name: Hello World OSGi EJB Bundle Bundle-Version: 1.0.0 Bundle-ManifestVersion: 2 Import-Package: javax.ejb; version=3.0, Export-EJB: ALL OSGi Metadata of an OSGi/EJB bundle
  • 31. 31 CDI • Brings type-safe dependency injection to EE platform – Strong typing and loose coupling • Well defined life cycle of stateful objects bound to life cycle contexts • Ability to decorate and intercept injected Beans • An event notification model • An ability to develop portable extensions that integrates with the container to extend the runtime
  • 32. 32 GlassFish CDI/OSGi Portable Extension • Use of CDI for type safe injection of OSGi services @WebServlet(urlPatterns = “/login”) public class FooServlet implements HttpServlet {     @Inject      @org.glassfish.osgicdi.OSGiService(           dynamic=”true”,            timeout = 200,            serviceCriteria=<an ldap query >)     FooService foo; }
  • 34. 34 Demo schematic • WAB • JPA- LAZY loading • EJB as Service • OSGi Service Injection • OBR • Security/Transaction Context propagation Simple OSGi Bundle OSGi Service Simple OSGi Service EJB OSGi Service Advanced WAB Simple WAB
  • 35. 35 Call To Action • Want to build hybrid applications? – Try our tutorial at http://tinyurl.com/osgieehol • Want to try out? – Use GlassFish 3.1 trunk builds from http://glassfish.org • Questions? – users@glassfish.dev.java.net
  • 36. 36 References • OSGi Service Platform Core and Enterprise Specification 4.2 – http://www.osgi.org • Project GlassFish – http://glassfish.org • Hybrid application samples – http://wikis.sun.com/display/GlassFish/BlogsGfOsgi
  • 37. 37 <Insert Picture Here> Agenda • OSGi 101 • OSGi meets Java EE – Hybrid Applications • Advanced usecases • Hybrid Application Demo • Q & A
  • 38. 38 <Insert Picture Here> OSGi and Java EE: A Hybrid Approach to Enterprise Java Application Development Sanjeeb Sahoo Staff Engineer, Sun Microsystems India Pvt. Ltd.