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On the Evolution of GIS and
The Spatial Enabling of Information
“The Science of Where”
Dr. Armando Guevara
mail@armandoguevara.com
@WhereScience

Continuation of White Paper First Written in 1994
http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-ofinformation-paradigm-rev-06?from_search=17
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

1
Where are we? Where are we going?

Far behind in time we have left the
days when cartographers drew map
reports of travelers and for areas not
known the phrase “Terra Incógnita”
was written.
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

2
Vision and Creation

In a map we can see the past, the
present and the future… .
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

3
Visionary
Having or showing clear ideas about
what should happen or be done in
the future. Having or showing a
powerful imagination. A person that
by knowledge, experience and
practice establishes the foundation
to create, or creates, the future.
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

4
Some “Recent” Visionaries
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Galileo Galilei
Leonardo Da Vinci
Jules Verne
Charles Babbage
Alexander G. Bell
Thomas Edison
Albert Einstein

Galileo

Leonardo
Charles
Alexander

Albert
Thomas

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

5
Some “recent” IT Visionaries
Enterprises and Entrepreneurs
• Intel

• Xerox Menlo Park

• IBM
• Hewlett Packard

• CDC / Cray Research

• SUN / DELL

• Others…

• APPLE
• NetScape
• AOL
• ORACLE
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

William (Bill) Gates III
6
Some Geospatial Visionaries/Pioneers
(North American-Centric)

Roger Tomlinson
Duanne Marble
Tom Peucker
Michael Goodchild
Scott Morehouse

Nicholas Chrisman
Geoffrey Dutton
Others…

Jack Dangermond (right)
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

7
Innovation at Hand
Three Key Ongoing Paradigm Shifts
Miniaturization – electronics smaller and smaller
Digitization – all is digital / faster
Integration / Interoperability / “Intelligence”

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

8
Digital Integration
A Game Changer Revolution
• Mobile Phone
• Email/Internet
• Games
• TV / Cameras / Sensors
• Radio / CD / Video
• GPS
• Command / Control / Robotics
• Navigators
• Planning

Once independent (some analog) industries,
manufacturers, products – are now all in
ONE
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

• Holograms
• Augmented and virtual reality
• And much more…

Source: Guevara 1994 On the Spatial Enabling of Information
http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-of-information-paradigmrev-06?from_search=17

9
Digital Integration
A Game Changer Revolution
• Mobile Phone
• Email/Internet
• Games
• TV / Cameras / Sensors
• Radio / CD / Video
• GPS
• Command / Control / Robotics
• Navigators
• Planning

Once independent (some analog) industries,
manufacturers, products – are now all in
ONE
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

• Holograms
• Augmented and virtual reality
• And much more…

Source: Guevara 1994 On the Spatial Enabling of Information
http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-of-information-paradigmrev-06?from_search=17

10
Enabling IT Trends (1980’s to present)
1. Smaller
2. Faster
3. More for less (storage, processing, devices)
4. Rapid obsolescence
5. Higher resolution
6. Higher accuracy (metric)
7. Sensing intelligence, e.g. Visual Intelligence
8. Smarter assisting and autonomous devices
9. eConsumables
10. Device-content eCosystems (device-web “cloud”) verticals
(dumb_terminal-mainframe; client-server; client-cloud)
Source: Guevara 1994 On the Spatial Enabling of Information
http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-of-information-paradigmrev-06?from_search=17
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

11
Gartner: Top 10 Strategic
Technology Trends For 2014
1. Mobile Device Diversity and Management
2. Mobile Apps and Applications
3. The Internet of Everything
4. Hybrid Cloud and IT as Service Broker
5. Cloud/Client Architecture
6. The Era of Personal Cloud
7. Software Defined Anything
8. Web-Scale IT
9. Smart machines
10. 3-D Printing and manufacturing
Source: http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2013/10/14/gartner-top-10strategic-technology-trends-for-2014/

© Armando Guevara CompanySpatial Enabling of Information
Visual Intelligence – On the Confidential
© Visual Intelligence Company Confidential

12
IT Market Trends and Indicators

Mature: US and Europe
Emerging: Other

PCs Declining but strong. Portables outsell desktops.
Source: http://www.pctoday.com/DigitalIssues/PCToday/PT____1110__/
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

13
IT Market Trends and Indicators

Gartner’s Spending Forecast 2013
Source: http://www.pctoday.com/DigitalIssues/PCToday/PT____1104__/
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

14
Next: Innovation At Hand
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Digital integration – multi scale/n-dimensional / temporal
Interoperable virtual 3D “worlds”/domains
Robotics/UVS and voice/brain-wave driven devices
GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGY
The map of the future is an intelligent virtual n-dimensional
world of the world.
Source: Guevara 1994 On the Spatial Enabling of Information
http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-of-information-paradigmrev-06?from_search=17
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

15
UVS – Robotics – Navigating the 3D World
“Smart Machines”
This era will be the most disruptive in the history of
IT by the proliferation of:
contextually aware, intelligent personal
assistants (voice/brain-wave driven)
smart advisors (e.g., IBM Watson)
advanced global industrial systems
autonomous vehicles

Source: http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2013/10/14/gartner-top-10strategic-technology-trends-for-2014/

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

16
How innovation is led - KISS
Modular – Scalable - Interoperable
1.

Solve “user’s pains”. Solutions that easily evolve, integrate, interoperate and escalate using One base
software/HW architecture for all apps - airborne, to ground, to mobile/handheld.

2.

Correct, Robust & Reliable -performs consistently all the time.

3.

Highest quality system solution (software, hardware); output easily ingestible by any 3rd party
processing software. More for less digital paradigm.

4.

Highest collection capacity & resolution – best in class.

5.

Best value –economical, cost of ownership- apples to apples.

6.

Automated, easy to use - minimal manual intervention workflow. UVS-ready.

7.

Speed - fastest in class collection, processing and automated workflow.

8.

Easy to deploy, maintain and upgrade software and hardware. Development follows object oriented
(OO) paradigm and rigorous software engineering practices.

9.

Innovate - do it right, right now; do not kludge or reinvent the wheel. Hustle with highest sense of
urgency.

10.

"Smartest" – clever designs and implementations, OO-P, reusable components (“Out of the box
thinking”).

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

17
gIs Value Chain
Gaming
AR/VR 3D
Web Content
PaaS/AaaS 2D/3D
GIS - Imagery
3D Applications
2D Base Mapping
Collect Imagery

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

18
gIs Applications
$ Geoimaging Value Added $$$

Airborne Sensors / UVS / UAV / Mobile / Robotics / Handheld

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

19
Device-Content gIs

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

20
The Spatial Enabling of Information
A Geographic Paradigm Shift

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

21
“Space… the final frontier…”
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Spatial is everything… it is universal… it is infinite…
Everything happens somewhere…
The container and contained theory….
Geospatial is everything locatable on the surface of the earth…
Location is n-dimensional… it is macro… it is micro…
Location is defined by geometry…
All things are locatable in some space and therefore have relations…
Relations are defined by topology… if location changes the relation may change…
Gravity is about the interaction between the location of things…
The Science of Where… Reality… Virtual Reality…Augmented Reality… “What is
reality? it is all a mere illusion… a persistent one, mind you…” (Einstein)

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

22
The evolution of GIS - Geography
Idea…

®
Implementation…
Acceptance…

Disruptive
change…

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

23
The evolution of GIS - Geography
Idea…

Gis

®
Implementation…

1970-1980

Acceptance…
From paper to digital.
Automation of maps.
Digitizing maps.
Taking geographic
analysis “to the
computer”.
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

Disruptive
change…

24
The evolution of GIS - Geography
Idea…

Gis
1970-1980

®
Implementation…

GIS

Acceptance…

1980-1990

From files to data bases
Spatial data vs non spatial data
Raster vs vector
G Integration with DBMS
Computerized geographic tool
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

Disruptive
change…

25
The evolution of GIS - Geography
Idea…

Gis
1970-1980

®
Implementation…

GIS
1980-1990

Acceptance…

gIS

Disruptive
change…
1990-2000
It’s about information systems
All data digital - spatially enabled
Digital Data – Lots of Data
Emergence vertical information apps
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

26
The evolution of GIS - Geography
Idea…

Gis
1970-1980

®
Implementation…

GIS
1980-1990

Acceptance…

gIS
1990-2000

Disruptive
change…

…from a geocentric paradigm to
an information-centric one…
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

27
Once upon a time… and still some times…
my-city-information-system.com

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

28
The evolution of GIS - Information
Ingenious (engineering)
Innovation

I
2000-2010
GoogleEarth – BING – Yahoo Maps – Here - Others
Emergence and growth of “social networks and sensing”
Rise of the Internet of Everything and the Science of Where
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

Integration
Interoperability
Interactivity
Interdisciplinary
Inference
Information
Inalámbrico (wireless)
29
Then… Now

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

30
The evolution of GIS - Intelligence

I

Imagery (googols - 1 followed by 100 zeros)
Information
Intelligence
Intelligent Internet (Increasingly)
I

2010+

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

Multidimensional data (spatial/temporal)
Intelligently Fused – spatial/temporaral co-registered
Autonomous Intelligent decision assisting systems
Rise of the spatially enabled machines

31
From the image to information to knowledge
Images/Data

Knowledge
Intelligence

Information

Fusion and “intelligent”
integration

• Processing as a Service

“The Cloud”

• Data as a Service
• Software as a Service
• Information as a Service
• Applications as a Service

Rule-Based Virtual
Data Bases
Virtual n-D Worlds

Decisions /
Actions

n-Dimensional
Multimedia
Data
Sources

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

Users / UVS
(Social Sensors)

32
Challenges – “Big Data”

Source:
http://www.pctoday.com/DigitalIssues/PCToday/PT____1111__/

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

The “Internet of Everything”
Source: Ordnance Survey/linkeddata.org

33
Multidimensional (x,y,z,t)Integrated
Information Management

2D

3D
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

34
The Spatial Enabling of Information
Foundation for the Science of Where
The process of designing, developing, and implementing
solutions that integrate geospatial, information and
communication
technologies that seek to optimize
workflows and reduce operating costs by leveraging “where
knowledge” in an innovative way is called “the spatial
enabling of information”.

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

35
Shifting Gears into 3D
A Digital 3D World of the World – through Time

Source: www.cubecities.com

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Emergency Response
Home Land Security
AEC
Real State
Insurance
Defense
Situational Awareness
Simulation
Virtual Reality
Augmented Reality
Gaming
Imagination is the limit
36
Augmented Reality
What is reality?
Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.
Albert Einstein

The Real World as an Operating System

The future of computing

Source: www.youtube.com
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

37
I for Interior Modeling

Source: www.floored.com

© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

38
Conclusions?

…connecting the dots…

Technology

Society

The Future?
“Digital Social Networks”
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

39
From “data” to knowledge to intelligence

Human knowledge stored
in rule-based data bases
n-dimensionally fused with
ALL data (MACRO and micro)
Automated
knowledge-based
decisions and actions.
Intelligent foundation for UVS.
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

40
GIS – Geography
“The Science of Where”
• It all happens somewhere.
• The n-dimensional spatial domain is a
topologically and geometrically integrating
and convergent domain. The “ultimate
container”. Say what!?
• Where you are affects where you are… and
where you will be: law of gravity.
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

41
gIs - I for Imagination

“If you want your children to be
intelligent, read them fairy tales.
If you want them to be more
intelligent, read them more fairy
tales.”

“Logic will get you from A to Z;
imagination will get you everywhere.”
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

42
On the Evolution of GIS and
The Spatial Enabling of Information
“The Science of Where”
Dr. Armando Guevara
mail@armandoguevara.com
@WhereScience

Continuation of White Paper First Written in 1994
To be continued…
© Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information

43

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On the evolution of gis and the spatial enabling of information armando guevara

  • 1. On the Evolution of GIS and The Spatial Enabling of Information “The Science of Where” Dr. Armando Guevara mail@armandoguevara.com @WhereScience Continuation of White Paper First Written in 1994 http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-ofinformation-paradigm-rev-06?from_search=17 © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 1
  • 2. Where are we? Where are we going? Far behind in time we have left the days when cartographers drew map reports of travelers and for areas not known the phrase “Terra Incógnita” was written. © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 2
  • 3. Vision and Creation In a map we can see the past, the present and the future… . © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 3
  • 4. Visionary Having or showing clear ideas about what should happen or be done in the future. Having or showing a powerful imagination. A person that by knowledge, experience and practice establishes the foundation to create, or creates, the future. © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 4
  • 5. Some “Recent” Visionaries • • • • • • • Galileo Galilei Leonardo Da Vinci Jules Verne Charles Babbage Alexander G. Bell Thomas Edison Albert Einstein Galileo Leonardo Charles Alexander Albert Thomas © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 5
  • 6. Some “recent” IT Visionaries Enterprises and Entrepreneurs • Intel • Xerox Menlo Park • IBM • Hewlett Packard • CDC / Cray Research • SUN / DELL • Others… • APPLE • NetScape • AOL • ORACLE © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information William (Bill) Gates III 6
  • 7. Some Geospatial Visionaries/Pioneers (North American-Centric) Roger Tomlinson Duanne Marble Tom Peucker Michael Goodchild Scott Morehouse Nicholas Chrisman Geoffrey Dutton Others… Jack Dangermond (right) © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 7
  • 8. Innovation at Hand Three Key Ongoing Paradigm Shifts Miniaturization – electronics smaller and smaller Digitization – all is digital / faster Integration / Interoperability / “Intelligence” © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 8
  • 9. Digital Integration A Game Changer Revolution • Mobile Phone • Email/Internet • Games • TV / Cameras / Sensors • Radio / CD / Video • GPS • Command / Control / Robotics • Navigators • Planning Once independent (some analog) industries, manufacturers, products – are now all in ONE © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information • Holograms • Augmented and virtual reality • And much more… Source: Guevara 1994 On the Spatial Enabling of Information http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-of-information-paradigmrev-06?from_search=17 9
  • 10. Digital Integration A Game Changer Revolution • Mobile Phone • Email/Internet • Games • TV / Cameras / Sensors • Radio / CD / Video • GPS • Command / Control / Robotics • Navigators • Planning Once independent (some analog) industries, manufacturers, products – are now all in ONE © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information • Holograms • Augmented and virtual reality • And much more… Source: Guevara 1994 On the Spatial Enabling of Information http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-of-information-paradigmrev-06?from_search=17 10
  • 11. Enabling IT Trends (1980’s to present) 1. Smaller 2. Faster 3. More for less (storage, processing, devices) 4. Rapid obsolescence 5. Higher resolution 6. Higher accuracy (metric) 7. Sensing intelligence, e.g. Visual Intelligence 8. Smarter assisting and autonomous devices 9. eConsumables 10. Device-content eCosystems (device-web “cloud”) verticals (dumb_terminal-mainframe; client-server; client-cloud) Source: Guevara 1994 On the Spatial Enabling of Information http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-of-information-paradigmrev-06?from_search=17 © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 11
  • 12. Gartner: Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends For 2014 1. Mobile Device Diversity and Management 2. Mobile Apps and Applications 3. The Internet of Everything 4. Hybrid Cloud and IT as Service Broker 5. Cloud/Client Architecture 6. The Era of Personal Cloud 7. Software Defined Anything 8. Web-Scale IT 9. Smart machines 10. 3-D Printing and manufacturing Source: http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2013/10/14/gartner-top-10strategic-technology-trends-for-2014/ © Armando Guevara CompanySpatial Enabling of Information Visual Intelligence – On the Confidential © Visual Intelligence Company Confidential 12
  • 13. IT Market Trends and Indicators Mature: US and Europe Emerging: Other PCs Declining but strong. Portables outsell desktops. Source: http://www.pctoday.com/DigitalIssues/PCToday/PT____1110__/ © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 13
  • 14. IT Market Trends and Indicators Gartner’s Spending Forecast 2013 Source: http://www.pctoday.com/DigitalIssues/PCToday/PT____1104__/ © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 14
  • 15. Next: Innovation At Hand INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Digital integration – multi scale/n-dimensional / temporal Interoperable virtual 3D “worlds”/domains Robotics/UVS and voice/brain-wave driven devices GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGY The map of the future is an intelligent virtual n-dimensional world of the world. Source: Guevara 1994 On the Spatial Enabling of Information http://www.slideshare.net/armando_guevara/on-the-spatial-enabling-of-information-paradigmrev-06?from_search=17 © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 15
  • 16. UVS – Robotics – Navigating the 3D World “Smart Machines” This era will be the most disruptive in the history of IT by the proliferation of: contextually aware, intelligent personal assistants (voice/brain-wave driven) smart advisors (e.g., IBM Watson) advanced global industrial systems autonomous vehicles Source: http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2013/10/14/gartner-top-10strategic-technology-trends-for-2014/ © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 16
  • 17. How innovation is led - KISS Modular – Scalable - Interoperable 1. Solve “user’s pains”. Solutions that easily evolve, integrate, interoperate and escalate using One base software/HW architecture for all apps - airborne, to ground, to mobile/handheld. 2. Correct, Robust & Reliable -performs consistently all the time. 3. Highest quality system solution (software, hardware); output easily ingestible by any 3rd party processing software. More for less digital paradigm. 4. Highest collection capacity & resolution – best in class. 5. Best value –economical, cost of ownership- apples to apples. 6. Automated, easy to use - minimal manual intervention workflow. UVS-ready. 7. Speed - fastest in class collection, processing and automated workflow. 8. Easy to deploy, maintain and upgrade software and hardware. Development follows object oriented (OO) paradigm and rigorous software engineering practices. 9. Innovate - do it right, right now; do not kludge or reinvent the wheel. Hustle with highest sense of urgency. 10. "Smartest" – clever designs and implementations, OO-P, reusable components (“Out of the box thinking”). © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 17
  • 18. gIs Value Chain Gaming AR/VR 3D Web Content PaaS/AaaS 2D/3D GIS - Imagery 3D Applications 2D Base Mapping Collect Imagery © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 18
  • 19. gIs Applications $ Geoimaging Value Added $$$ Airborne Sensors / UVS / UAV / Mobile / Robotics / Handheld © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 19
  • 20. Device-Content gIs © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 20
  • 21. The Spatial Enabling of Information A Geographic Paradigm Shift © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 21
  • 22. “Space… the final frontier…” • • • • • • • • • • Spatial is everything… it is universal… it is infinite… Everything happens somewhere… The container and contained theory…. Geospatial is everything locatable on the surface of the earth… Location is n-dimensional… it is macro… it is micro… Location is defined by geometry… All things are locatable in some space and therefore have relations… Relations are defined by topology… if location changes the relation may change… Gravity is about the interaction between the location of things… The Science of Where… Reality… Virtual Reality…Augmented Reality… “What is reality? it is all a mere illusion… a persistent one, mind you…” (Einstein) © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 22
  • 23. The evolution of GIS - Geography Idea… ® Implementation… Acceptance… Disruptive change… © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 23
  • 24. The evolution of GIS - Geography Idea… Gis ® Implementation… 1970-1980 Acceptance… From paper to digital. Automation of maps. Digitizing maps. Taking geographic analysis “to the computer”. © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information Disruptive change… 24
  • 25. The evolution of GIS - Geography Idea… Gis 1970-1980 ® Implementation… GIS Acceptance… 1980-1990 From files to data bases Spatial data vs non spatial data Raster vs vector G Integration with DBMS Computerized geographic tool © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information Disruptive change… 25
  • 26. The evolution of GIS - Geography Idea… Gis 1970-1980 ® Implementation… GIS 1980-1990 Acceptance… gIS Disruptive change… 1990-2000 It’s about information systems All data digital - spatially enabled Digital Data – Lots of Data Emergence vertical information apps © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 26
  • 27. The evolution of GIS - Geography Idea… Gis 1970-1980 ® Implementation… GIS 1980-1990 Acceptance… gIS 1990-2000 Disruptive change… …from a geocentric paradigm to an information-centric one… © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 27
  • 28. Once upon a time… and still some times… my-city-information-system.com © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 28
  • 29. The evolution of GIS - Information Ingenious (engineering) Innovation I 2000-2010 GoogleEarth – BING – Yahoo Maps – Here - Others Emergence and growth of “social networks and sensing” Rise of the Internet of Everything and the Science of Where © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information Integration Interoperability Interactivity Interdisciplinary Inference Information Inalámbrico (wireless) 29
  • 30. Then… Now © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 30
  • 31. The evolution of GIS - Intelligence I Imagery (googols - 1 followed by 100 zeros) Information Intelligence Intelligent Internet (Increasingly) I 2010+ © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information Multidimensional data (spatial/temporal) Intelligently Fused – spatial/temporaral co-registered Autonomous Intelligent decision assisting systems Rise of the spatially enabled machines 31
  • 32. From the image to information to knowledge Images/Data Knowledge Intelligence Information Fusion and “intelligent” integration • Processing as a Service “The Cloud” • Data as a Service • Software as a Service • Information as a Service • Applications as a Service Rule-Based Virtual Data Bases Virtual n-D Worlds Decisions / Actions n-Dimensional Multimedia Data Sources © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information Users / UVS (Social Sensors) 32
  • 33. Challenges – “Big Data” Source: http://www.pctoday.com/DigitalIssues/PCToday/PT____1111__/ © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information The “Internet of Everything” Source: Ordnance Survey/linkeddata.org 33
  • 34. Multidimensional (x,y,z,t)Integrated Information Management 2D 3D © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 34
  • 35. The Spatial Enabling of Information Foundation for the Science of Where The process of designing, developing, and implementing solutions that integrate geospatial, information and communication technologies that seek to optimize workflows and reduce operating costs by leveraging “where knowledge” in an innovative way is called “the spatial enabling of information”. © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 35
  • 36. Shifting Gears into 3D A Digital 3D World of the World – through Time Source: www.cubecities.com © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information • • • • • • • • • • • • Emergency Response Home Land Security AEC Real State Insurance Defense Situational Awareness Simulation Virtual Reality Augmented Reality Gaming Imagination is the limit 36
  • 37. Augmented Reality What is reality? Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one. Albert Einstein The Real World as an Operating System The future of computing Source: www.youtube.com © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 37
  • 38. I for Interior Modeling Source: www.floored.com © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 38
  • 39. Conclusions? …connecting the dots… Technology Society The Future? “Digital Social Networks” © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 39
  • 40. From “data” to knowledge to intelligence Human knowledge stored in rule-based data bases n-dimensionally fused with ALL data (MACRO and micro) Automated knowledge-based decisions and actions. Intelligent foundation for UVS. © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 40
  • 41. GIS – Geography “The Science of Where” • It all happens somewhere. • The n-dimensional spatial domain is a topologically and geometrically integrating and convergent domain. The “ultimate container”. Say what!? • Where you are affects where you are… and where you will be: law of gravity. © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 41
  • 42. gIs - I for Imagination “If you want your children to be intelligent, read them fairy tales. If you want them to be more intelligent, read them more fairy tales.” “Logic will get you from A to Z; imagination will get you everywhere.” © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 42
  • 43. On the Evolution of GIS and The Spatial Enabling of Information “The Science of Where” Dr. Armando Guevara mail@armandoguevara.com @WhereScience Continuation of White Paper First Written in 1994 To be continued… © Armando Guevara – On the Spatial Enabling of Information 43