SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 20
SOCIAL HISTORY OF
OLD ENGLISH PERIOD
SEMESTER 1
MODULE 1
EN1331 COMPLEMENTARY COURSE
HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE 1
SREEKUMAR V. R.
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH
NSS COLLEGE NILAMEL
BRITISH ISLES
 “Early history of Britain is the history of its invaders”
 Emergence of weak country to a super power
 Political influence over more than half the world
 Rise of English as an international language
CELTIC INVASIONS
 Celts: first among the invading tribes
 Made up of numerous tribes like Gales and Britons
 Fierce fighters ;lacked political skill; language-Celtic
 Pagan religious beliefs; worshipped nature,
 Priests called Druids powerful than Celtic chieftains
DRUIDS PRIESTS
ROMAN PERIOD
 First expedition of Julius Caesar in 55BC, had no
political motives
 Pax Romana; long period of peace and stability
under emperor Augustus
 Invasion of emperor Claudius in AD43 England
became a province of vast Roman Empire
 First attempts at christianising England
ROMANS ATTACKING DRUIDS
ROMAN CONTRIBUTIONS
 Established forts and camps and
constructed roads
 Walls constructed for preventing Celtic
invasion from the north
 Hadrian’s wall- from Newcastle to Carlisle
 Development of trade and agriculture
 Created towns with well-built houses
 Britons civilized into an orderly community
ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD
 Romans withdrew because of threat from
numerous invaders
 Anglo-Saxon sea rovers-new invaders from
northern Germany
 Three main tribes: Angles, Saxons and Jutes
 The language they brought to the land was
called English
 Barbarians-lacked the cultural character of
Romans
 A migration that changed the history of England
ANGLO-SAXON HEPTARCHY
SEVEN KINGDOMS
 Kent
 Essex
 Wessex
 Sussex
 East Anglia
 Mercia
 Nortumbria
 Wessex gained supremacy under King
Egbert
 English derived from the Anglo-Saxon
language
 Anglo-Saxons fond of stories, wandering
minstrels narrated tales of courage and
endurance
 Flourishing of oral literature: fusion of
Paganism and Christianity
ANGLO-SAXON SOCIETY
 Effective system of “local government”
 King vested with powers of executive, legislative
and judicial
 Ingrained passion for action
 Women treated with respect; intervention in public
affairs
 Women enjoyed equal status as men; had property
rights
 Heathen in culture and sentiment
 Destroyed the vestiges of Roman culture
CHRISTIANITY
 Reintroduction of Christianity in AD 500
 Roman missionaries in the South under St.
Augustine
 Irish missionaries in the North under Aidan
 King Ethelbert of Jutes was converted to
Christianity by Augustine
 Augustine established a monastery at
Canterbury and served as first Archbishop
of Canterbury
CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL
 By AD 681 the remaining Kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon
fold became Christian
 Learning- largely Christian and was the domain of
monks and priests
 Centered in Northumbria; monasteries of Jarrow
and Whitby chief centres
 Impetus to education and enrichment of Old English
vocabulary
VIKING INVASION
 Danes (Vikings), a seafaring tribe conquered Anglo-
Saxons kingdoms in AD 800
 Alfred, the Anglo-Saxon king of Wessex resisted
their attacks
 Defeated Danes in the Battle of Edington
 Treaty of Wedmore: a dividing line drawn from
Chester to London
 Territory north of this line came to be known as
Danelaw
 Wessex’s superiority ends after the period of Alfred;
Edward the Confessor last of Anglo-Saxon kings
DANELAW
REFERENCES
 Radhakumari K, A concise History of English
Literature and Language, Delhi: Primus Books,2013
 Ashok, Padmaja, The Social History of England,
Chennai: Orient Blackswan, 2011
THANK YOU

More Related Content

What's hot

History of American Literature
History of American LiteratureHistory of American Literature
History of American LiteratureKhim Dela Cruz
 
Edmund Spenser Powerpoint
Edmund Spenser PowerpointEdmund Spenser Powerpoint
Edmund Spenser Powerpointdluther
 
Old English Literature
Old English LiteratureOld English Literature
Old English LiteratureRoj Eusala
 
Robinson Crusoe
Robinson Crusoe Robinson Crusoe
Robinson Crusoe Shanze Toor
 
Paper 3 - comparision between shakespeare and ben jonson
Paper 3 - comparision between shakespeare and ben jonsonPaper 3 - comparision between shakespeare and ben jonson
Paper 3 - comparision between shakespeare and ben jonsonhiteshparmar201315
 
18th Century Literature - An overview
18th Century Literature - An overview18th Century Literature - An overview
18th Century Literature - An overviewAshikha Rahman
 
HISTORY OF NOVEL
HISTORY OF NOVELHISTORY OF NOVEL
HISTORY OF NOVELahsirt
 
Verner´s Law and Grim´s Law
Verner´s Law and Grim´s LawVerner´s Law and Grim´s Law
Verner´s Law and Grim´s Lawdagdag
 
Old English Literature with exercises
Old English Literature with exercises Old English Literature with exercises
Old English Literature with exercises maliterature
 
Anglo saxon period 09
Anglo saxon period 09Anglo saxon period 09
Anglo saxon period 09weluvbama
 
History of American Literature
History of American LiteratureHistory of American Literature
History of American LiteratureMonir Hossen
 
Christopher Marlowe as a great dramatist
Christopher Marlowe as a great dramatistChristopher Marlowe as a great dramatist
Christopher Marlowe as a great dramatistpandyadharmishtha510
 
Literary trends of victorian period
Literary trends of victorian periodLiterary trends of victorian period
Literary trends of victorian periodNilanjonaKarmakar
 

What's hot (20)

History of American Literature
History of American LiteratureHistory of American Literature
History of American Literature
 
Anglo Saxons Period or Old English
Anglo Saxons Period or Old EnglishAnglo Saxons Period or Old English
Anglo Saxons Period or Old English
 
The anglo saxon age
The anglo saxon ageThe anglo saxon age
The anglo saxon age
 
Edmund Spenser Powerpoint
Edmund Spenser PowerpointEdmund Spenser Powerpoint
Edmund Spenser Powerpoint
 
Old English Literature
Old English LiteratureOld English Literature
Old English Literature
 
Robinson Crusoe
Robinson Crusoe Robinson Crusoe
Robinson Crusoe
 
Paper 3 - comparision between shakespeare and ben jonson
Paper 3 - comparision between shakespeare and ben jonsonPaper 3 - comparision between shakespeare and ben jonson
Paper 3 - comparision between shakespeare and ben jonson
 
18th Century Literature - An overview
18th Century Literature - An overview18th Century Literature - An overview
18th Century Literature - An overview
 
HISTORY OF NOVEL
HISTORY OF NOVELHISTORY OF NOVEL
HISTORY OF NOVEL
 
Restoration drama
Restoration dramaRestoration drama
Restoration drama
 
Verner´s Law and Grim´s Law
Verner´s Law and Grim´s LawVerner´s Law and Grim´s Law
Verner´s Law and Grim´s Law
 
Charlotte Brontë
Charlotte BrontëCharlotte Brontë
Charlotte Brontë
 
Elizabethan prose
Elizabethan proseElizabethan prose
Elizabethan prose
 
The Augustan Age
The Augustan Age The Augustan Age
The Augustan Age
 
Old English Literature with exercises
Old English Literature with exercises Old English Literature with exercises
Old English Literature with exercises
 
Anglo saxon period 09
Anglo saxon period 09Anglo saxon period 09
Anglo saxon period 09
 
History of American Literature
History of American LiteratureHistory of American Literature
History of American Literature
 
Christopher Marlowe as a great dramatist
Christopher Marlowe as a great dramatistChristopher Marlowe as a great dramatist
Christopher Marlowe as a great dramatist
 
Literary trends of victorian period
Literary trends of victorian periodLiterary trends of victorian period
Literary trends of victorian period
 
Francis bacon
Francis baconFrancis bacon
Francis bacon
 

Similar to Old English Social History

Urca Anglo Saxon Period Aula 02 Dezembro 2009
Urca   Anglo Saxon Period Aula 02 Dezembro 2009Urca   Anglo Saxon Period Aula 02 Dezembro 2009
Urca Anglo Saxon Period Aula 02 Dezembro 2009Fabione Gomes
 
English History By Alessandra Selvaggio
English History By Alessandra SelvaggioEnglish History By Alessandra Selvaggio
English History By Alessandra SelvaggioValentina Mariano
 
Anglo saxon period
Anglo saxon periodAnglo saxon period
Anglo saxon periodstewby_123
 
Anglo Saxon period
Anglo Saxon periodAnglo Saxon period
Anglo Saxon periodstewby_123
 
01 The History Of The British Isles
01 The History Of The British Isles01 The History Of The British Isles
01 The History Of The British IslesMichael Gilliand
 
The settlement of Great Britain and the conquest of America
The settlement of Great Britain and the conquest of AmericaThe settlement of Great Britain and the conquest of America
The settlement of Great Britain and the conquest of AmericaЕрден Ибраев
 
History of English
History of EnglishHistory of English
History of Englishrdelmote
 
Anglo saxon period-1
Anglo saxon period-1Anglo saxon period-1
Anglo saxon period-1stewby_123
 
The anglo saxons context 2009 - 2010
The anglo saxons context 2009 - 2010The anglo saxons context 2009 - 2010
The anglo saxons context 2009 - 2010Oscar Gonzalez
 
English Language Timeline
English Language TimelineEnglish Language Timeline
English Language Timelinemjalaeian
 
The sixteenth century
The sixteenth centuryThe sixteenth century
The sixteenth centuryrestlessmaria
 
Introduction to the Middle Ages
Introduction to the Middle AgesIntroduction to the Middle Ages
Introduction to the Middle Agesqteacher
 
Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-SaxonsAnglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxonsra74195
 
Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and the Franks
Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and the FranksCelts, Anglo-Saxons, and the Franks
Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and the FranksPeter Gallagher
 
The making of the nation 1
The making of the nation 1The making of the nation 1
The making of the nation 1Serena Tanchella
 

Similar to Old English Social History (20)

British Literature3.ppt
British Literature3.pptBritish Literature3.ppt
British Literature3.ppt
 
The Anglo-Saxons
The Anglo-SaxonsThe Anglo-Saxons
The Anglo-Saxons
 
Presentation on-anglo-saxon-period
Presentation on-anglo-saxon-periodPresentation on-anglo-saxon-period
Presentation on-anglo-saxon-period
 
Urca Anglo Saxon Period Aula 02 Dezembro 2009
Urca   Anglo Saxon Period Aula 02 Dezembro 2009Urca   Anglo Saxon Period Aula 02 Dezembro 2009
Urca Anglo Saxon Period Aula 02 Dezembro 2009
 
English History By Alessandra Selvaggio
English History By Alessandra SelvaggioEnglish History By Alessandra Selvaggio
English History By Alessandra Selvaggio
 
Anglo saxon period
Anglo saxon periodAnglo saxon period
Anglo saxon period
 
Anglo Saxon period
Anglo Saxon periodAnglo Saxon period
Anglo Saxon period
 
01 The History Of The British Isles
01 The History Of The British Isles01 The History Of The British Isles
01 The History Of The British Isles
 
The settlement of Great Britain and the conquest of America
The settlement of Great Britain and the conquest of AmericaThe settlement of Great Britain and the conquest of America
The settlement of Great Britain and the conquest of America
 
Medieval Europe
Medieval EuropeMedieval Europe
Medieval Europe
 
History of English
History of EnglishHistory of English
History of English
 
Anglo saxon period-1
Anglo saxon period-1Anglo saxon period-1
Anglo saxon period-1
 
The anglo saxons context 2009 - 2010
The anglo saxons context 2009 - 2010The anglo saxons context 2009 - 2010
The anglo saxons context 2009 - 2010
 
English Language Timeline
English Language TimelineEnglish Language Timeline
English Language Timeline
 
The sixteenth century
The sixteenth centuryThe sixteenth century
The sixteenth century
 
Introduction to the Middle Ages
Introduction to the Middle AgesIntroduction to the Middle Ages
Introduction to the Middle Ages
 
Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-SaxonsAnglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons
 
Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and the Franks
Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and the FranksCelts, Anglo-Saxons, and the Franks
Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and the Franks
 
The making of the nation 1
The making of the nation 1The making of the nation 1
The making of the nation 1
 
HISTORY.pptx
HISTORY.pptxHISTORY.pptx
HISTORY.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designKeynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designMIPLM
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxPresentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxRosabel UA
 
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSJoshuaGantuangco2
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalssuser3e220a
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4MiaBumagat1
 
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17Celine George
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...JojoEDelaCruz
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Celine George
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSEDust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSEaurabinda banchhor
 
Activity 2-unit 2-update 2024. English translation
Activity 2-unit 2-update 2024. English translationActivity 2-unit 2-update 2024. English translation
Activity 2-unit 2-update 2024. English translationRosabel UA
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designKeynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxPresentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
 
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
HỌC TỐT TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO CHƯƠNG TRÌNH GLOBAL SUCCESS ĐÁP ÁN CHI TIẾT - CẢ NĂ...
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operational
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
 
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSEDust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
 
Activity 2-unit 2-update 2024. English translation
Activity 2-unit 2-update 2024. English translationActivity 2-unit 2-update 2024. English translation
Activity 2-unit 2-update 2024. English translation
 

Old English Social History

  • 1. SOCIAL HISTORY OF OLD ENGLISH PERIOD SEMESTER 1 MODULE 1 EN1331 COMPLEMENTARY COURSE HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE 1 SREEKUMAR V. R. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH NSS COLLEGE NILAMEL
  • 3.  “Early history of Britain is the history of its invaders”  Emergence of weak country to a super power  Political influence over more than half the world  Rise of English as an international language
  • 4. CELTIC INVASIONS  Celts: first among the invading tribes  Made up of numerous tribes like Gales and Britons  Fierce fighters ;lacked political skill; language-Celtic  Pagan religious beliefs; worshipped nature,  Priests called Druids powerful than Celtic chieftains
  • 6. ROMAN PERIOD  First expedition of Julius Caesar in 55BC, had no political motives  Pax Romana; long period of peace and stability under emperor Augustus  Invasion of emperor Claudius in AD43 England became a province of vast Roman Empire  First attempts at christianising England
  • 8. ROMAN CONTRIBUTIONS  Established forts and camps and constructed roads  Walls constructed for preventing Celtic invasion from the north  Hadrian’s wall- from Newcastle to Carlisle  Development of trade and agriculture  Created towns with well-built houses  Britons civilized into an orderly community
  • 9. ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD  Romans withdrew because of threat from numerous invaders  Anglo-Saxon sea rovers-new invaders from northern Germany  Three main tribes: Angles, Saxons and Jutes  The language they brought to the land was called English  Barbarians-lacked the cultural character of Romans  A migration that changed the history of England
  • 11. SEVEN KINGDOMS  Kent  Essex  Wessex  Sussex  East Anglia  Mercia  Nortumbria
  • 12.  Wessex gained supremacy under King Egbert  English derived from the Anglo-Saxon language  Anglo-Saxons fond of stories, wandering minstrels narrated tales of courage and endurance  Flourishing of oral literature: fusion of Paganism and Christianity
  • 13. ANGLO-SAXON SOCIETY  Effective system of “local government”  King vested with powers of executive, legislative and judicial  Ingrained passion for action  Women treated with respect; intervention in public affairs  Women enjoyed equal status as men; had property rights  Heathen in culture and sentiment  Destroyed the vestiges of Roman culture
  • 14. CHRISTIANITY  Reintroduction of Christianity in AD 500  Roman missionaries in the South under St. Augustine  Irish missionaries in the North under Aidan  King Ethelbert of Jutes was converted to Christianity by Augustine  Augustine established a monastery at Canterbury and served as first Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 16.  By AD 681 the remaining Kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon fold became Christian  Learning- largely Christian and was the domain of monks and priests  Centered in Northumbria; monasteries of Jarrow and Whitby chief centres  Impetus to education and enrichment of Old English vocabulary
  • 17. VIKING INVASION  Danes (Vikings), a seafaring tribe conquered Anglo- Saxons kingdoms in AD 800  Alfred, the Anglo-Saxon king of Wessex resisted their attacks  Defeated Danes in the Battle of Edington  Treaty of Wedmore: a dividing line drawn from Chester to London  Territory north of this line came to be known as Danelaw  Wessex’s superiority ends after the period of Alfred; Edward the Confessor last of Anglo-Saxon kings
  • 19. REFERENCES  Radhakumari K, A concise History of English Literature and Language, Delhi: Primus Books,2013  Ashok, Padmaja, The Social History of England, Chennai: Orient Blackswan, 2011