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Making available
cultural heritage
Implementing Out-of-Commerce
works MoU – State of Play
Olav Stokkmo, CEO of IFRRO
14 June 2013
Luxembourg
Provider of reliable
information on
copyright-led solutions
in the text and image
IFRRO
International Federation of
Reproduction Rights
Organisations
141 members in 78
countries
IFRRO Mission
• Increase
lawful use
of copyright
works
• Eliminate
unauthorized
copying
Cooperates
with
• WIPO
• UNESCO
• EU
• OAPI,
ARIPO,
LAS APEC,
Stakeholder developed
Tools
Making Cultural
Heritage in
copyright
available
legally
• Identification of rights
and rightholders
– Diligent search for
Rightholders - Guidelines
– Works and Rightholder
registries - Criteria
– ARROW to increase time and
cost efficiency
• Licensing
– Rights Clearance Centres -
Criteria
– Model Licenses
Stakeholder
developed tools
Identification and
Addressing
Rights
Rightholders
Right status
Right clearance
Out-of-Commerce & In
Commerce Works
Orphan Works
OOC MoU: Agreed
framework
Principles in
Stakeholder MoU
1.Selection: Agree on what to
make available/digitise
2.Voluntary Collective
Licensing; Remuneration
3.Possible inclusion of works
of authors and publishers not
in the RRO catalogue; Right
of withdrawal
4.Libraries observe agreed
conditions
OMIT
Out-of-commerce Mou
Implementation Task force
• Purp
ose
• Invo
lved
• Task
s
 Facilitate
implementation of
MoU
 MoU Signatories –
and beyond
 No limit to
number of
participants
 Criteria for non-
signatories to
join
1. Selection from the
Library collection
Making Cultural
Heritage available
- Inclusion of Out-
of Commerce Works
Step One: Agree
what to include
Works/Mat
erials
• Public
domain
• In
copyright
– In
commerce
– OOC
(Majorit
y)
– Orphan
(some)Roman Alapage
Examples
- OOC
• France <
2001
• Norway <
2000
2. Voluntary collective
licensing
(the work of RROs)
Making Cultural
Heritage available
- Inclusion of Out-
of Commerce Works
Collective
Licensing
RROs (CMOs) will
– Be a representative RRO for
rightholders concerned
– Collect mandates from authors
and publishers
 Reproduction
 Making available
– Ensure opt out options for
authors and publishers
– Sign and Monitor the licence
13
ABDR | Access Copyright | AGECOP | AIDRO| AMCOS | AUTOR | B-COPY| BBDA | BECLA Bonus Presskopia CADRA |
CCC| CDR | CEDRO| CeMPro| CFC| CLA| CLASS| CLNZ| CMA| COPIBEC| Copydan Writing| CopyGhana | Copyright
Agency | CopyRo – Romania | CopyRus| COSOMA| CWWCS| DALRO| DHK/CWA| DILIA ECCLA| EDISAM| FILCOLS|
Fjölís| FJÖLRIT| GCA| HARR| HKRRRLS| ICLA| IPRO| IRRO| JAC| JAMCOPY| JRRC| Kopiken| Kopinor| KOPIOSTO|
KOPIPOL| KOPITAN| KORRA| LATGA-A| LIBRIUS| LITA| Literar-Mechana | Luxorr| MASA| NLA| NLI| NSRR| OSDEL|
POLSKA KSIAZKA| ProLitteris| REPROBEL| REPRONIG| SADEL| Sámikopiija | TTRRO| VG Bild-Kunst | VG
MUSIKEDITION | VG WORT | VIETRRO| YAYBİR| YRCI| ZANA| ZARRSO| ZIMCOPY
countries
Around the world – on
all continents
The educational
publishing
ecosystem
Primary market
Secondary
market
Exceptions
14
in creativity,
knowledge and
culture
exceptions are important; unremunerated exceptions should be limited to instances
where primary and secondary markets cannot fulfil a market need efficiently
seamless access to ©
works
• Individual licensing when
one to many
• Collective management when
many to many; when
individual licensing is
– Impossible
• Typically Orphan works
– Impracticable or Insufficient
• Typically Multiple copying
& Out-of-Commerce Works
Operate on the basis of
mandates from; governed
jointly by
• Authors and Publishers
 Writers including translators;
Visual artists; Composers
 Publishers (Book, journal,
newspaper, magazine, music)
– Reproduction; Make available;
Distribution
– Limited by territories
• Legislation
Collective Rights
Managers in text & image
sector
• Sources
• Analogue; Electronic carriers;
On-line; Internet downloads
• Secondary uses of already
published works
• Limited extracts
• 5-15%; chapter; article
• Personal and Internal use
• Applications and uses
o Photocopy
o Scan
o Email
oPPT
o Printout o Whiteboard
o Intranet
oView
o Virtual
Learning
Environment
o Document
licences
for large scale
digitisation projects
• Reproduction
– RROs generally
have mandates
• Photocopying
• Scanning
• Make available
– Most RROs have
Specific mandates required
for library digitisation
3. Inclusion of works of
non-mandating R/H
(Current experiences from
three alternative
Making Cultural
Heritage available
- Inclusion of Out-
of Commerce Works
Authors &
Publishers
Not in RRO
catalogue
User
(Lib
rary
)
Volunt
ary
Collec
tive
Licens
ing
Agreem
ent
RRO
Mandating
Authors
Licensing
Inclusion of works
not in RRO catalogue
Mandating
Publishers
Works may
be
withdrawn
•Legal Presumption
•Extended Coll.
Licence
•Compulsory
Contract National Library –
RRO (Kopinor)
– Mandate from authors and
publishers
– Extended Collective Licence
• Digitise and make
available 250,000 books
– Published before 2000
– Includes orphan works and out
of commerce works
– Fee per page made available
to public per year
• User access
“Bookshelf”
(Norway)
FRANCE
• Out-of-Commerce Books
published in France < 2001
• Compulsory Collective
Management by RRO
– Right of withdrawal
GERMANY
• Out-of-Commerce Books
published in Germany < 1966
Digitising
project
Some examples22
4. Observe licensing
conditions
(include, exclude)
Making Cultural
Heritage available
- Inclusion of Out-
of Commerce Works
rights
identification
• Observe agreed conditions
• Include works, authors,
publishers covered by
agreement
– Ex. OCW; OCW published before
…;works not withdrawn, etc.
• ARROW : tool to identify
works to be included/excluded
– Works in or out of commerce
– Works to be withdrawn
5. Cross-border
availability
Making Cultural
Heritage available
- Inclusion of Out-
of Commerce Works
EC to propose
solution
Requires
Mandates
For Not in
catalogue &
Orphan
• Mechanisms
• Agreements
• Legislation
• Mutual
recognition
• Other?
OOC in
digitisation
projects
Cross-border
availability
Based on Agreements?
Pilots
• Discussed in
Nordic
countries
• Swedish NL
initiative
OOC in
digitisation
projects
Cross-border
availability
OOC Mou Implementation
Task Force
Inclusion of
Out-of-Commerce
Works in
digitisation
projects
OMIT
Out-of-commerce Mou
Implementation Task force
Task1 OOC
Projects
Task 2:
Informat
ion
Task 3:
 Id through
stakeholder
bodies &
Europeana & EC
 Few projects
 Lack of
funding
 2 page intro
 Through
relevant EU
bodies
In Conclusion
Main obstacle:
Funding
1.Principles
2.RRO mandates
3.Inclusion of
outliers
4.Id
facilitator
5.Projects
which
include
Out-of-
Commerce
 Applicable
across
sectors
 Yes or
obtainable
 In some, not
all countries
 Exists: ARROW
 Few projects
 Main obstacle:
Funding
3232
Thank you!
Olav.Stokkmo@ifrro.org
www.ifrro.org

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Olaf Stokkmo - IFFRO - Rights Clearance 062013

  • 1. Making available cultural heritage Implementing Out-of-Commerce works MoU – State of Play Olav Stokkmo, CEO of IFRRO 14 June 2013 Luxembourg
  • 2. Provider of reliable information on copyright-led solutions in the text and image IFRRO International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations
  • 3. 141 members in 78 countries IFRRO Mission • Increase lawful use of copyright works • Eliminate unauthorized copying Cooperates with • WIPO • UNESCO • EU • OAPI, ARIPO, LAS APEC,
  • 5. • Identification of rights and rightholders – Diligent search for Rightholders - Guidelines – Works and Rightholder registries - Criteria – ARROW to increase time and cost efficiency • Licensing – Rights Clearance Centres - Criteria – Model Licenses Stakeholder developed tools
  • 6. Identification and Addressing Rights Rightholders Right status Right clearance Out-of-Commerce & In Commerce Works Orphan Works OOC MoU: Agreed framework
  • 7. Principles in Stakeholder MoU 1.Selection: Agree on what to make available/digitise 2.Voluntary Collective Licensing; Remuneration 3.Possible inclusion of works of authors and publishers not in the RRO catalogue; Right of withdrawal 4.Libraries observe agreed conditions
  • 8. OMIT Out-of-commerce Mou Implementation Task force • Purp ose • Invo lved • Task s  Facilitate implementation of MoU  MoU Signatories – and beyond  No limit to number of participants  Criteria for non- signatories to join
  • 9. 1. Selection from the Library collection Making Cultural Heritage available - Inclusion of Out- of Commerce Works
  • 10. Step One: Agree what to include Works/Mat erials • Public domain • In copyright – In commerce – OOC (Majorit y) – Orphan (some)Roman Alapage Examples - OOC • France < 2001 • Norway < 2000
  • 11. 2. Voluntary collective licensing (the work of RROs) Making Cultural Heritage available - Inclusion of Out- of Commerce Works
  • 12. Collective Licensing RROs (CMOs) will – Be a representative RRO for rightholders concerned – Collect mandates from authors and publishers  Reproduction  Making available – Ensure opt out options for authors and publishers – Sign and Monitor the licence
  • 13. 13 ABDR | Access Copyright | AGECOP | AIDRO| AMCOS | AUTOR | B-COPY| BBDA | BECLA Bonus Presskopia CADRA | CCC| CDR | CEDRO| CeMPro| CFC| CLA| CLASS| CLNZ| CMA| COPIBEC| Copydan Writing| CopyGhana | Copyright Agency | CopyRo – Romania | CopyRus| COSOMA| CWWCS| DALRO| DHK/CWA| DILIA ECCLA| EDISAM| FILCOLS| Fjölís| FJÖLRIT| GCA| HARR| HKRRRLS| ICLA| IPRO| IRRO| JAC| JAMCOPY| JRRC| Kopiken| Kopinor| KOPIOSTO| KOPIPOL| KOPITAN| KORRA| LATGA-A| LIBRIUS| LITA| Literar-Mechana | Luxorr| MASA| NLA| NLI| NSRR| OSDEL| POLSKA KSIAZKA| ProLitteris| REPROBEL| REPRONIG| SADEL| Sámikopiija | TTRRO| VG Bild-Kunst | VG MUSIKEDITION | VG WORT | VIETRRO| YAYBİR| YRCI| ZANA| ZARRSO| ZIMCOPY countries Around the world – on all continents
  • 14. The educational publishing ecosystem Primary market Secondary market Exceptions 14 in creativity, knowledge and culture exceptions are important; unremunerated exceptions should be limited to instances where primary and secondary markets cannot fulfil a market need efficiently
  • 15. seamless access to © works • Individual licensing when one to many • Collective management when many to many; when individual licensing is – Impossible • Typically Orphan works – Impracticable or Insufficient • Typically Multiple copying & Out-of-Commerce Works
  • 16. Operate on the basis of mandates from; governed jointly by • Authors and Publishers  Writers including translators; Visual artists; Composers  Publishers (Book, journal, newspaper, magazine, music) – Reproduction; Make available; Distribution – Limited by territories • Legislation Collective Rights Managers in text & image sector
  • 17. • Sources • Analogue; Electronic carriers; On-line; Internet downloads • Secondary uses of already published works • Limited extracts • 5-15%; chapter; article • Personal and Internal use • Applications and uses o Photocopy o Scan o Email oPPT o Printout o Whiteboard o Intranet oView o Virtual Learning Environment o Document licences
  • 18. for large scale digitisation projects • Reproduction – RROs generally have mandates • Photocopying • Scanning • Make available – Most RROs have Specific mandates required for library digitisation
  • 19. 3. Inclusion of works of non-mandating R/H (Current experiences from three alternative Making Cultural Heritage available - Inclusion of Out- of Commerce Works
  • 20. Authors & Publishers Not in RRO catalogue User (Lib rary ) Volunt ary Collec tive Licens ing Agreem ent RRO Mandating Authors Licensing Inclusion of works not in RRO catalogue Mandating Publishers Works may be withdrawn •Legal Presumption •Extended Coll. Licence •Compulsory
  • 21. Contract National Library – RRO (Kopinor) – Mandate from authors and publishers – Extended Collective Licence • Digitise and make available 250,000 books – Published before 2000 – Includes orphan works and out of commerce works – Fee per page made available to public per year • User access “Bookshelf” (Norway)
  • 22. FRANCE • Out-of-Commerce Books published in France < 2001 • Compulsory Collective Management by RRO – Right of withdrawal GERMANY • Out-of-Commerce Books published in Germany < 1966 Digitising project Some examples22
  • 23. 4. Observe licensing conditions (include, exclude) Making Cultural Heritage available - Inclusion of Out- of Commerce Works
  • 24. rights identification • Observe agreed conditions • Include works, authors, publishers covered by agreement – Ex. OCW; OCW published before …;works not withdrawn, etc. • ARROW : tool to identify works to be included/excluded – Works in or out of commerce – Works to be withdrawn
  • 25. 5. Cross-border availability Making Cultural Heritage available - Inclusion of Out- of Commerce Works
  • 26. EC to propose solution Requires Mandates For Not in catalogue & Orphan • Mechanisms • Agreements • Legislation • Mutual recognition • Other? OOC in digitisation projects Cross-border availability
  • 27. Based on Agreements? Pilots • Discussed in Nordic countries • Swedish NL initiative OOC in digitisation projects Cross-border availability
  • 28. OOC Mou Implementation Task Force Inclusion of Out-of-Commerce Works in digitisation projects
  • 29. OMIT Out-of-commerce Mou Implementation Task force Task1 OOC Projects Task 2: Informat ion Task 3:  Id through stakeholder bodies & Europeana & EC  Few projects  Lack of funding  2 page intro  Through relevant EU bodies
  • 31. Main obstacle: Funding 1.Principles 2.RRO mandates 3.Inclusion of outliers 4.Id facilitator 5.Projects which include Out-of- Commerce  Applicable across sectors  Yes or obtainable  In some, not all countries  Exists: ARROW  Few projects  Main obstacle: Funding

Editor's Notes

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  5. The digital sources permitted by RROs’ licences may include:Scanning from analogue original to digital formatDigital to digital, including:Copying from carriers such as CDs and DVDsCopying from online sourcesDownloading and copying from the internetThe corresponding uses and applications would typically cover:Scanning and printing outViewing on screen by authorised persons, and storing within limitsEmailing internally, and in certain cases externallyCreation of slide shows in PPT or similarDisplay on white boards or smart boardsAccess for students via Virtual Learning Environments, and similar internal networksSome RROs license redirecting to publishers’ content, and a few from their own content database.
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