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2nd Roundtable on Smart Cities & Inclusive Growth
OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs,
Regions and Cities
Measuring smart cities’ performance:
Do smart cities benefit everyone?
With the
support of
Dec
2020
1stRoundtableon
SmartCities&
InclusiveGrowth
July
2019
July
2020
Contribution
toG20Saudi
Presidency
OECDMinisterial
CouncilMeeting
May
2019
2ndRoundtableon
SmartCities&
InclusiveGrowth
Link
Link
Link
Link
COVID-19 and Cities :
Impact, Lessons and Recovery Strategies in 100+ cities
Access our report in 4 languages:
English – http://oe.cd/covid-cities-en
French – http://oe.cd/covid-cities-fr
Spanish – http://oe.cd/covid-cities-es
Portuguese – http://oe.cd/covid-cities-pt
Soo-Jin Kim
Deputy Head
Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division
OECD
Moderation
Lamia Kamal-Chaoui
Director
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD
Opening Remarks (I)
Opening Remarks (II)
Im-Rak Choi
Director General for Urban Policy, Ministry of Land,
Infrastructure and Transport
Korea (MOLIT)
Session I. How can
smart city measurement help drive
COVID-19 recovery and resilience?
06
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Panel
Discussion
Chaesub Lee
Director of the Telecommunication
Standardisation Bureau International
Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Vincent Ducrey
CEO and Co-founder of HUB
Institute
Dae-Yeon Cho
Chief Director of National Strategic
Smart Program
Korea Agency for Infrastructure
Technology Advancement (KAIA)
Jennifer Cowley
Provost and Vice President for
Academic Affairs, University of
North Texas
Nikolaus Summer
Senior Expert, Urban Innovation Vienna
Smart City Agency
Sebastiano Toffaletti
Secretary General of the European Digital
SME Alliance
How can smart city measurement help drive COVID-19 recovery and resilience?
Chaesub Lee
Director of the Telecommunication
Standardisation Bureau International
Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Session I - Panel discussion
ITU (International Telecommunication Union), ITU-T SG20
Green recoveryAir quality index (AQI)
[PM2.5; PM10; NO2; SO2; O3]
Percentage of renewable energy consumed in
the city
Electricity consumption
per capita
Residential thermal energy consumption per
capita
Energy consumption of
public buildings
Length of public transport network
per 100 000 inhabitants
Percentage of city population with convenient
access to public transport
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
per capita
Transportation mode share
(for travel to work)
Percentage of major streets
monitored by ICT
Number of shared bicycles
per 100 000 inhabitants
Percentage of low-carbon emission passenger
vehicles
Percentage of the city designated as a
pedestrian/car free zone
Percentage of public transport stops with
dynamic information available
Number of shared vehicles
per 100 000 inhabitants
Percentage of road intersections using adaptive
traffic control measures
Ratio of travel time during peak periods to free
flow periods
U4SSC KPIs to measure post COVID-19
Dae-Yeon Cho
Chief Director of National Strategic Smart
Program
Korea Agency for Infrastructure
Technology Advancement (KAIA)
Session I - Panel discussion
Nikolaus Summer
Senior Expert, Urban Innovation Vienna
Smart City Agency
Session I - Panel discussion
SMART CITY VIENNA
OECD 2ND SMART CITY ROUNDTABLE
03.12.2020
 © Wiener Linien / bildstrecke / Johannes Zinner
RESOURCE
CONSERVATION
QUALITY OF LIFE INNOVATION
• Vienna is the city with
the highest quality of life
and life satisfaction in
the world.
• Vienna focuses on social
inclusion in its policy
design and
administrative activities.
• Vienna reduces its local per capita
greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by
2030, and by 85% by 2050.
• Vienna reduces its local per capita
final energy consumption by 30% by
2030, and by 50% by 2050.
• Vienna reduces its material footprint
of consumption per capita by 30% by
2030, and by 50% by 2050.
• By 2030 Vienna is a social
innovation leader.
• Vienna is among Europe‘s digital
leaders.
Smart City Vienna Framework Strategy
Monitoring
 Management requires measurement!
Complexity
 Interrelations, Target-Conflicts & Rebounds
HOME OFFICE?
THANK YOU!
SUMMER@URBANINNOVATION.AT
 © City of Vienna / Gerd W. Götzenbrucker / frischesgras
Sebastiano Toffaletti
Secretary General of the European
Digital SME Alliance
Session I - Panel discussion
Jennifer Cowley
Provost and Vice President for Academic
Affairs, University of North Texas
Session I - Panel discussion
Vincent Ducrey
CEO and Co-founder of HUB Institute
Session I - Panel discussion
FOCUSCITOYENS
FOCUSGOVT
Micro-mobility
Smart Parking
MAAS
Shared Mobility
Public transportation
Connected Vehicles
PersonalVehicle
Accessibility
Network Construction
Long-distance Intermodality
Housing Social Responsibility
Connected House
Energy-efficiency & sustainable
housing
Shared housing
Local & social proximity
Neighborhood associations
Housing offer evolution
Citizen co-construction
Demographic evolution impact
New local area services
Connected building BIM
Co-working & New models
Smart Maintenance
Building as a service (R2S)
Accessibility & activities
Building Automation Systems
Company network & security
Industrial buildings & Circular economy
Digital building twins
Risk Mgmt of industrial buildings
Connected School & campus
Family facilities
Sport facilities
Health & hospital services
Seniors’ services
PRM policy
Inclusion & diversity policy
Homeless, migrants, paperless
Animals in the city
City centre activity
Integrated commercial area
AR & Geo-tracking
Impact of local stores
Autonomous shops
Sustainable commerce &
Local produce
Brand-city collaborations
Urban logistics
Last mile delivery
City billboard network
City Information Management (CIM)
Public connected equipment
IT infrastructure
Electricity infrastructure
Smart Grid
Road infrastructure
Intelligente traffic signs
Transports (rail, harbours, airports,
road)
Urban property
Street lights
Sustainable & connected building sites
Energy efficiency
Renewable energies
Pollution (air, noise, soil, visual)
Industrial & housing waste recycling
Water distribution & quality
Climatisation et urban heating
Circular economy
Urban farming
Bio-diversity & vegetalization
Urban density optimization
Housing offer optimization
Tourism flow management
Eco-tourism
Protection of cultural heritage
Business tourism, trade fairs (MICE)
Tourist information
New cultural activities
Major public & sports events
Tourism marketplace
Tourist attraction
e-Gouvernance
e-Administration
Participative platforms
Open Data & Govt Data
Innovative third locations
Civil servant training
CivicTech
Inter-territorial coopération
New financing methods
Legislation evolution
Risk management (climate, health, industry,
public disorder)
Sensor & camera network
Anticipation/détection de situation à risque
Analysis/Decision making
Control center - Hypervisor
Action management
Information distribution / public
alerts
Infrastructure & Cyber security
Event security
Urban resilience policy
FOCUSINFRASTRUCTURE
01
02
03
04
MOBILITY & TRANSPORT
LOCAL BUSINESSES & SUBURBS
BUSINESS DISTRICT
& INDUSTRIAL ZONES
HOUSING
& NEIGHBORHOOD LIFE
06
07
08
09
10
ENERGY & ENVIRONNEMENT
LOCAL GOVERNANCE AND METROPOLIS
SAFE CITY & RESILIENCE
INFRASTRUCTURE & MAINTENANCE
EDUCATION, SPORT,
HEALTH & INCLUSION05
100KEYPROJECTS
TOURISM, LEISURE,
CULTURE & HERITAGE
SMART CITY SCORE CARD
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS
21
Short Term Solutions Mid Term Solutions Long Term Solutions
FILL UP YOUR HEAT MAP
QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS
Project 1 Project 2 Project 3 Project 4 Project 5 Project 6 Project 7 Project 8 Project 9 Project 10
Mobility
Housing
Business & Industry
Commerce
Inclusion
Infrastructure
Environnement
Leisure
Safe City
Local Govt
On track
Hurdles
Blocked
Do your members already use existing
smart city indicators, and if so, have
you already observed cases where
smart city indicators have inspired
policy change ?
CONNECT YOUR PEERS
METROPOLIS OR INNOVATIVE CITIES
Paris
Bordeaux
Toulouse
Perpignan
Montpellier
Strasbourg
Lille
Caen
Brest
Rouen
Lyon
Dijon
Marseille
Nice
Grenoble
Nancy
Metz
Le Havre
Le Mans
Nantes
Angers
Rennes
Reims
Limoges
Poitiers
Cl-Ferrand
Toulon
St-Etienne
Tours
Orléans
Amiens
Arras
Cannes
Monaco
Nimes
METROPOLIS
INNOVATIVE CITIES
HUB SUSTAIN CITIES
Let’s work together on the perfect transformation roadmap
for smarter, greener and more inclusive cities
Discussant
Caroline Paunov
Senior Economist
Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI)
OECD
Session II. What should the
OECD framework on smart cities assess?
Camille Viros
Economist/Policy Analyst
Setting the scene
Marcos Diaz Ramirez
Junior Economist
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities (CFE), OECD
The OECD Smart City
Measurement Framework
From definition …to measurement
“Smart cities” are cities that…
… leverage digitalisation
… engage stakeholders
… to improve people’s well-
being & to build more inclusive,
sustainable & resilient societies
Smart city tools
Stakeholder engagement
Smart city performance
Pillar 1: Smart city tools
What it measures: the degree of
digitalisation and digital innovation
implemented at the city level
8 proposed dimensions reflecting the
main areas of urban life transformed by
digital technologies
Suggested indicators: input and output
indicators for each of these dimensions
Pillar 2: Stakeholder
engagement
What it measures: the level of stakeholder
engagement as an input to the process of
shaping the smart city
Key stakeholders of a smart city are:
• The city/local and national government
• The city’s residents (including NGOs and
knowledge institutions)
• The private sector
Suggested indicators measure several aspects
of engagement such as inclusiveness and
equity, accountability, capacity, effectiveness
and adaptiveness
Pillar 3: Smart city
performance
What it measures: the performance of
smart cities …
… in fostering four key objectives
• well-being
• inclusion
• sustainability
• Resilience
Suggested indicators: outcome
indicators of the effects of smart city
initiatives on these four objectives
Next steps
• Identify the right scale of
analysis
• Select the specific indicators for
each pillar
• Define the sources of data
• Collect the data and explore
ways to fill the gaps
Panel
Discussion
Jonathan Woetzel
Director and Senior Partner
McKinsey Global Institute
Olga Kordas
Director of Viable Cities (Swedish National
Strategic Innovation Program for Smart and
Sustainable Cities) & Associate Professor of
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Jae-Yong Lee
Director of Smart Green City
Research Center
Korean Research Institute for
Human Settlements (KRIHS)
Ane Miren
Ibañez Zugazaga
Managing Director
Bilbao TIK, Spain
Masahiro Ito
Director of International Affairs Office,
City Bureau
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport
and Tourism (MLIT), Japan
Yuria Nakamura
Director of Research and
Planning Department, Organisation for
Promoting Urban Development (MINTO),
Japan
What should the OECD framework on smart cities assess?
Jonathan Woetzel
Director and Senior Partner
McKinsey Global Institute
Session II - Panel discussion
Jae-Yong Lee
Director of Smart Green City Research
Center
Korean Research Institute for Human
Settlements (KRIHS)
Session II - Panel discussion
Source: Lee et al.(2016)
Quantitative
Index
Monitoring Current Status of Smart Cities in Korea
Apply to Korean Local Governments from 2021
Qualitative Index Monitoring Current Status & Potential Power of Smart Cities
in Korea
Technology & Infra.GovernanceInnovation
Public
Ability
Private &
Citizen
Ability
Data
Sharing &
Use
Ability
ㅎOrganization
Participation
Network
Fund
ㅎRegulatory
System
Intelligent
Facility &
Service
Network
Urban
Intelligent
Center
Quantitative
Index
Smart City
Officer Ability
Smart City
KPI
Employment
& Start-Up
Living Lab &
Fab Lab
Data Sharing
System
Integration
Data
Integration
Consultative
Body
Ordinance
Political
Network
Social
Network
Short term &
Longterm
Budget
Private Sector
Operation
Center
9&more
Service facility
Wired &
Wireless
Network
Qualitative Index Technology & Infra.GovernanceInnovation
1.Initial 2. Partially fulfilled 3. Fulfilled 4. Improving
5. Sustainably
Optimising
Masahiro Ito
Director of International Affairs Office,
City Bureau
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure,
Transport and Tourism (MLIT), Japan
Session II - Panel discussion
PROMOTION OF SMART CITIES IN JAPAN
2ND OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth
ITO Masahiro
Director of International Affairs Office, City Bureau
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), Japan
NAKAMURA Yuria
Director of Research and Planning Department, Senior Staff Researcher
Organization for Promoting Urban Development (MINTO), Japan
1
MLIT Official Report
“A Way Forward to Smart City
~Interim Version~ ”
・・・
・
・
・
・
・
・
Mobility
Urban
Environment
Energy &
Resource
Safety &
Security
Inclusive
Community
Annual number of public transport trips per capita
Green Area per 100,000 Population
Percentage of Employees using remote working
Share of Renewable Energy
Percentage of smart building with building management system
Percentage of building adopting contactless technology
Percentage of city area covered by hazard warning system
・・・
・・・
Women’s labor force participation rate
Citizen’s participation rate for local activities
Theme Indicator
International / Japanese Standards
ISO37120/37153, SDGs Indicators, IEC 63152 etc.
Urban Challenge
Response to COVID-19
Car-dependent society
Regional
Economy
Response to COVID-19
Limited green space in urban area
Optimizing energy consumption
Reduction of CO2 emissions
Disaster management
Response to COVID-19
・
・
・
・・・
・・・
・
・
・
Approach for Establishing Smart City Indicator
Develop Smart City Indicator based on the goal of each theme and urban challenge.
Respective indicator refers to International and Japanese standards.
Weak-ties in local community
Gender gap in employment
・・・
・・
・
Annual growth rate of employment
Percentage of building utilizing advanced network infrastructure Big data utilization for biz activity
Shrinking local economy
・・
・
Number of people using alternative mobility service (e.g.
mobility on demand)
2
Overview
• Approx. 28ha area re-development with concept of new
mobility, congestion mitigation, and disaster prevention
capabilities
• Install City OS to offer multi-sectoral services by utilizing
advanced IoT technologies and real time data.
• A land mark smart building “Tokyo Port City Takeshiba”
developed by Tokyu Land Corporation.
【Transportation】
【Commercial】
【Area Management】
3D data
【Disaster prevention】
Digital signage Congestion info.,
personalized marketing
Target Area
(Approx.28ha)
Apply to
other
sectors
Ship MaaS, Autonomous
Tokyo Bay
Service
City OS
Device,
Data
City OS (Smart City Platform)
ParkingWeather DisasterCongestion Energy
Trans-
portation
Disaster
prevention
Area
management
Commerce
・・・
・・・
Case Study - Smart City Takeshiba
Overview of City OSOverview of Area Services
Tokyo Port City Takeshiba
3
Case Study - Smart City Takeshiba
Smart Solutions in Tokyo Port City Takeshiba
Mobility
Urban Environment
Open working space with open Wi-Fi and green infrastructure
for comfortable working environment.
Safety & Security
Face recognition system with thermography guides users to
uncrowded elevators by digital signage in the building.
Energy & Resources
Building management application that collects data by 1,300
sensors and keeps the entire building comfortable.
e.g. Elevator Congestion Signage
Indicator: Number of people using alternative
mobility service
500 m long pedestrian deck connecting the station and the
sea port for safe mobility.
Indicator: Percentage of building adopting
contactless technology
Indicator: Percentage of smart building with
building management system Indicator: Green Area per 100,000 Population
e.g. Laser Sensor On The Ceiling
Yuria Nakamura
Director of Research and
Planning Department, Organization for
Promoting Urban Development (MINTO),
Japan
Session II - Panel discussion
Organization for Promoting Urban Development (abbrev. “MINTO”)
- Established in 1987
- A general incorporated foundation designated by the Minister of of Land, Infrastructure,
Transport and Tourism (MLIT)
- Offers financial support including investment and loans to private urban development
projects by utilizing governmental funds, government guaranteed bonds, etc.
- Provides expertise on finance and urban development while collaborating with relevant
industries
- Supported more than 1,400 projects /1.8 trillion yen in total
1. Investment
2. Support for
solving local issues
3. Long-term/stable
loan type support
(1) Town Renewal Investment
(2) Management-type town development fund
(3) Crowdfunding-type town development fund etc.
(4) Mezzanine support
(5) Communal Urban Redevelopment
5
MINTO’s mission
One of the key points for promoting Smart City:
public-private collaborations
MINTO’s mission, as a partner for urban development
projects, is to contribute for creating attractive cities by
providing stable financial support.
Banks
Developers
General
contractors
Governments
6
Promotion of Smart Cities by MINTO
Mezzanine support
- A financial support applicable for urban development projects approved by MLIT, providing
subordinated loans to supplement bank senior loans.
- Contributes to stabilize long-term projects that usually require large sum of funds.
・Government guaranteed
borrowing
・Government guaranteed bonds
*image
Smart
Building
control device
camera, sensor
local
government
etc.
data
provision
data acquisition
From this year, we started new support for
“smart buildings” utilizing AI, IoT, etc.
(ex. camera, sensor, beacon, control device)
 productivity improvement
 energy conservation
 area value improvement etc.
MINTO
Private financial
institutions, etc. ・Loan
・Acquisition
of bonds
Land,
building
Senior
Mezzanine
SPC, etc.
Equity
urban development project
(approved by MLIT)
Private financial
institutions
Loans, etc.
National
government
7
Thank you for your attention!
■ MLIT
Contact: 2-1-3 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8918
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
International Affairs Office, City Bureau +81-3-5253-8955
hqt-iao_cb_kokusai6@mlit.go.jp
■ MINTO
Contact: Toyosu Center Building 8F, 3-3-3 Toyosu, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-6008
Organization for Promoting Urban Development +81-3-5546-0791
info@minto.or.jp
8
Ane Miren Ibañez Zugazaga
Managing Director
Bilbao TIK, Spain
Session II - Panel discussion
Olga Kordas
Director of Viable Cities (Swedish
National Strategic Innovation Program
for Smart and Sustainable Cities) &
Associate Professor of KTH Royal
Institute of Technology, Sweden
Session II - Panel discussion
Viable Cities – a Swedish Strategic Innovation Programme for
Smart and Sustainable Cities
Assos. Professor Olga Kordas, Programme Director
Nine Swedish cities and their
partners
are pioneering efforts to accelerate
climate transition
Mission:
Climate neutral cities 2030
with a good life for all within planetary
boundaries
Digitalisation and citizen engagement
important enablers
 Outputs (short term)
i.e CO2, Community Wealth
 Outcomes (medium terms)
i.e economic justice, bridging social capital, imagination,
health, human development
 Capabilities transition (societal)
i.e sense-making, experimentation, learning and
development, societal decision making
 Key goal to improve learning and
adaptability at different levels
 Within innovation projects, between projects, on
city level, between cities
 Reflexivity, higher order learning (shifting norms,
discourses)
 Evaluation as strategic part of policy
design and implementation
Evaluation/measurement: systems transformation towards
climate neutral and sustainable cities
 ‘Formative evaluation’ as opportunity
for reflection, help to change direction
or adjust ongoing developments,
projects and processes
Upcoming publication by Harald Rohracher, Lars
Coenen, Olga Kordas
 Limitations of “rationalistic tradition”
 value neutrality, objective assessment, measurable
outcomes
 Shift towards argumentative/
constructivist evaluation
 Focus on processes instead of outcomes
 Dialogue and participation as starting point
 Indicators as ‘sites of collective imagination’, i.e.
engagement with indicators as part of the transition
process; making visible what counts
Formative evaluation
Conclusion & charting the way forward
Nadim Ahmad
Deputy Director,
Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities (CFE),
OECD
Conclusion
Thank you for participating!
@OECD_local
Follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn | Subscribe to our Newsletter|Check out our Website
smart.cities@oecd.org |

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OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth

  • 1. 2nd Roundtable on Smart Cities & Inclusive Growth OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities Measuring smart cities’ performance: Do smart cities benefit everyone? With the support of
  • 3. COVID-19 and Cities : Impact, Lessons and Recovery Strategies in 100+ cities Access our report in 4 languages: English – http://oe.cd/covid-cities-en French – http://oe.cd/covid-cities-fr Spanish – http://oe.cd/covid-cities-es Portuguese – http://oe.cd/covid-cities-pt
  • 4. Soo-Jin Kim Deputy Head Cities, Urban Policies and Sustainable Development Division OECD Moderation
  • 5. Lamia Kamal-Chaoui Director Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities OECD Opening Remarks (I)
  • 6. Opening Remarks (II) Im-Rak Choi Director General for Urban Policy, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Korea (MOLIT)
  • 7. Session I. How can smart city measurement help drive COVID-19 recovery and resilience?
  • 8. 06 INSERT YOUR TEXT 01 INSERT YOUR TEXT 03 INSERT YOUR TEXT 05 INSERT YOUR TEXT Panel Discussion Chaesub Lee Director of the Telecommunication Standardisation Bureau International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Vincent Ducrey CEO and Co-founder of HUB Institute Dae-Yeon Cho Chief Director of National Strategic Smart Program Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement (KAIA) Jennifer Cowley Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, University of North Texas Nikolaus Summer Senior Expert, Urban Innovation Vienna Smart City Agency Sebastiano Toffaletti Secretary General of the European Digital SME Alliance How can smart city measurement help drive COVID-19 recovery and resilience?
  • 9. Chaesub Lee Director of the Telecommunication Standardisation Bureau International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Session I - Panel discussion
  • 10. ITU (International Telecommunication Union), ITU-T SG20 Green recoveryAir quality index (AQI) [PM2.5; PM10; NO2; SO2; O3] Percentage of renewable energy consumed in the city Electricity consumption per capita Residential thermal energy consumption per capita Energy consumption of public buildings Length of public transport network per 100 000 inhabitants Percentage of city population with convenient access to public transport Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per capita Transportation mode share (for travel to work) Percentage of major streets monitored by ICT Number of shared bicycles per 100 000 inhabitants Percentage of low-carbon emission passenger vehicles Percentage of the city designated as a pedestrian/car free zone Percentage of public transport stops with dynamic information available Number of shared vehicles per 100 000 inhabitants Percentage of road intersections using adaptive traffic control measures Ratio of travel time during peak periods to free flow periods U4SSC KPIs to measure post COVID-19
  • 11. Dae-Yeon Cho Chief Director of National Strategic Smart Program Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement (KAIA) Session I - Panel discussion
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17. Nikolaus Summer Senior Expert, Urban Innovation Vienna Smart City Agency Session I - Panel discussion
  • 18. SMART CITY VIENNA OECD 2ND SMART CITY ROUNDTABLE 03.12.2020  © Wiener Linien / bildstrecke / Johannes Zinner
  • 19. RESOURCE CONSERVATION QUALITY OF LIFE INNOVATION • Vienna is the city with the highest quality of life and life satisfaction in the world. • Vienna focuses on social inclusion in its policy design and administrative activities. • Vienna reduces its local per capita greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2030, and by 85% by 2050. • Vienna reduces its local per capita final energy consumption by 30% by 2030, and by 50% by 2050. • Vienna reduces its material footprint of consumption per capita by 30% by 2030, and by 50% by 2050. • By 2030 Vienna is a social innovation leader. • Vienna is among Europe‘s digital leaders. Smart City Vienna Framework Strategy
  • 20.
  • 23. THANK YOU! SUMMER@URBANINNOVATION.AT  © City of Vienna / Gerd W. Götzenbrucker / frischesgras
  • 24. Sebastiano Toffaletti Secretary General of the European Digital SME Alliance Session I - Panel discussion
  • 25. Jennifer Cowley Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, University of North Texas Session I - Panel discussion
  • 26. Vincent Ducrey CEO and Co-founder of HUB Institute Session I - Panel discussion
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31. FOCUSCITOYENS FOCUSGOVT Micro-mobility Smart Parking MAAS Shared Mobility Public transportation Connected Vehicles PersonalVehicle Accessibility Network Construction Long-distance Intermodality Housing Social Responsibility Connected House Energy-efficiency & sustainable housing Shared housing Local & social proximity Neighborhood associations Housing offer evolution Citizen co-construction Demographic evolution impact New local area services Connected building BIM Co-working & New models Smart Maintenance Building as a service (R2S) Accessibility & activities Building Automation Systems Company network & security Industrial buildings & Circular economy Digital building twins Risk Mgmt of industrial buildings Connected School & campus Family facilities Sport facilities Health & hospital services Seniors’ services PRM policy Inclusion & diversity policy Homeless, migrants, paperless Animals in the city City centre activity Integrated commercial area AR & Geo-tracking Impact of local stores Autonomous shops Sustainable commerce & Local produce Brand-city collaborations Urban logistics Last mile delivery City billboard network City Information Management (CIM) Public connected equipment IT infrastructure Electricity infrastructure Smart Grid Road infrastructure Intelligente traffic signs Transports (rail, harbours, airports, road) Urban property Street lights Sustainable & connected building sites Energy efficiency Renewable energies Pollution (air, noise, soil, visual) Industrial & housing waste recycling Water distribution & quality Climatisation et urban heating Circular economy Urban farming Bio-diversity & vegetalization Urban density optimization Housing offer optimization Tourism flow management Eco-tourism Protection of cultural heritage Business tourism, trade fairs (MICE) Tourist information New cultural activities Major public & sports events Tourism marketplace Tourist attraction e-Gouvernance e-Administration Participative platforms Open Data & Govt Data Innovative third locations Civil servant training CivicTech Inter-territorial coopération New financing methods Legislation evolution Risk management (climate, health, industry, public disorder) Sensor & camera network Anticipation/détection de situation à risque Analysis/Decision making Control center - Hypervisor Action management Information distribution / public alerts Infrastructure & Cyber security Event security Urban resilience policy FOCUSINFRASTRUCTURE 01 02 03 04 MOBILITY & TRANSPORT LOCAL BUSINESSES & SUBURBS BUSINESS DISTRICT & INDUSTRIAL ZONES HOUSING & NEIGHBORHOOD LIFE 06 07 08 09 10 ENERGY & ENVIRONNEMENT LOCAL GOVERNANCE AND METROPOLIS SAFE CITY & RESILIENCE INFRASTRUCTURE & MAINTENANCE EDUCATION, SPORT, HEALTH & INCLUSION05 100KEYPROJECTS TOURISM, LEISURE, CULTURE & HERITAGE
  • 32. SMART CITY SCORE CARD QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS 21 Short Term Solutions Mid Term Solutions Long Term Solutions
  • 33. FILL UP YOUR HEAT MAP QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS Project 1 Project 2 Project 3 Project 4 Project 5 Project 6 Project 7 Project 8 Project 9 Project 10 Mobility Housing Business & Industry Commerce Inclusion Infrastructure Environnement Leisure Safe City Local Govt On track Hurdles Blocked
  • 34. Do your members already use existing smart city indicators, and if so, have you already observed cases where smart city indicators have inspired policy change ?
  • 35. CONNECT YOUR PEERS METROPOLIS OR INNOVATIVE CITIES Paris Bordeaux Toulouse Perpignan Montpellier Strasbourg Lille Caen Brest Rouen Lyon Dijon Marseille Nice Grenoble Nancy Metz Le Havre Le Mans Nantes Angers Rennes Reims Limoges Poitiers Cl-Ferrand Toulon St-Etienne Tours Orléans Amiens Arras Cannes Monaco Nimes METROPOLIS INNOVATIVE CITIES HUB SUSTAIN CITIES
  • 36. Let’s work together on the perfect transformation roadmap for smarter, greener and more inclusive cities
  • 37. Discussant Caroline Paunov Senior Economist Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) OECD
  • 38. Session II. What should the OECD framework on smart cities assess?
  • 39. Camille Viros Economist/Policy Analyst Setting the scene Marcos Diaz Ramirez Junior Economist Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities (CFE), OECD
  • 40. The OECD Smart City Measurement Framework
  • 41. From definition …to measurement “Smart cities” are cities that… … leverage digitalisation … engage stakeholders … to improve people’s well- being & to build more inclusive, sustainable & resilient societies Smart city tools Stakeholder engagement Smart city performance
  • 42. Pillar 1: Smart city tools What it measures: the degree of digitalisation and digital innovation implemented at the city level 8 proposed dimensions reflecting the main areas of urban life transformed by digital technologies Suggested indicators: input and output indicators for each of these dimensions
  • 43. Pillar 2: Stakeholder engagement What it measures: the level of stakeholder engagement as an input to the process of shaping the smart city Key stakeholders of a smart city are: • The city/local and national government • The city’s residents (including NGOs and knowledge institutions) • The private sector Suggested indicators measure several aspects of engagement such as inclusiveness and equity, accountability, capacity, effectiveness and adaptiveness
  • 44. Pillar 3: Smart city performance What it measures: the performance of smart cities … … in fostering four key objectives • well-being • inclusion • sustainability • Resilience Suggested indicators: outcome indicators of the effects of smart city initiatives on these four objectives
  • 45. Next steps • Identify the right scale of analysis • Select the specific indicators for each pillar • Define the sources of data • Collect the data and explore ways to fill the gaps
  • 46. Panel Discussion Jonathan Woetzel Director and Senior Partner McKinsey Global Institute Olga Kordas Director of Viable Cities (Swedish National Strategic Innovation Program for Smart and Sustainable Cities) & Associate Professor of KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden Jae-Yong Lee Director of Smart Green City Research Center Korean Research Institute for Human Settlements (KRIHS) Ane Miren Ibañez Zugazaga Managing Director Bilbao TIK, Spain Masahiro Ito Director of International Affairs Office, City Bureau Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), Japan Yuria Nakamura Director of Research and Planning Department, Organisation for Promoting Urban Development (MINTO), Japan What should the OECD framework on smart cities assess?
  • 47. Jonathan Woetzel Director and Senior Partner McKinsey Global Institute Session II - Panel discussion
  • 48. Jae-Yong Lee Director of Smart Green City Research Center Korean Research Institute for Human Settlements (KRIHS) Session II - Panel discussion
  • 49.
  • 50. Source: Lee et al.(2016)
  • 51. Quantitative Index Monitoring Current Status of Smart Cities in Korea Apply to Korean Local Governments from 2021 Qualitative Index Monitoring Current Status & Potential Power of Smart Cities in Korea
  • 52. Technology & Infra.GovernanceInnovation Public Ability Private & Citizen Ability Data Sharing & Use Ability ㅎOrganization Participation Network Fund ㅎRegulatory System Intelligent Facility & Service Network Urban Intelligent Center Quantitative Index Smart City Officer Ability Smart City KPI Employment & Start-Up Living Lab & Fab Lab Data Sharing System Integration Data Integration Consultative Body Ordinance Political Network Social Network Short term & Longterm Budget Private Sector Operation Center 9&more Service facility Wired & Wireless Network Qualitative Index Technology & Infra.GovernanceInnovation 1.Initial 2. Partially fulfilled 3. Fulfilled 4. Improving 5. Sustainably Optimising
  • 53. Masahiro Ito Director of International Affairs Office, City Bureau Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), Japan Session II - Panel discussion
  • 54. PROMOTION OF SMART CITIES IN JAPAN 2ND OECD Roundtable on Smart Cities and Inclusive Growth ITO Masahiro Director of International Affairs Office, City Bureau Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), Japan NAKAMURA Yuria Director of Research and Planning Department, Senior Staff Researcher Organization for Promoting Urban Development (MINTO), Japan 1
  • 55. MLIT Official Report “A Way Forward to Smart City ~Interim Version~ ” ・・・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ Mobility Urban Environment Energy & Resource Safety & Security Inclusive Community Annual number of public transport trips per capita Green Area per 100,000 Population Percentage of Employees using remote working Share of Renewable Energy Percentage of smart building with building management system Percentage of building adopting contactless technology Percentage of city area covered by hazard warning system ・・・ ・・・ Women’s labor force participation rate Citizen’s participation rate for local activities Theme Indicator International / Japanese Standards ISO37120/37153, SDGs Indicators, IEC 63152 etc. Urban Challenge Response to COVID-19 Car-dependent society Regional Economy Response to COVID-19 Limited green space in urban area Optimizing energy consumption Reduction of CO2 emissions Disaster management Response to COVID-19 ・ ・ ・ ・・・ ・・・ ・ ・ ・ Approach for Establishing Smart City Indicator Develop Smart City Indicator based on the goal of each theme and urban challenge. Respective indicator refers to International and Japanese standards. Weak-ties in local community Gender gap in employment ・・・ ・・ ・ Annual growth rate of employment Percentage of building utilizing advanced network infrastructure Big data utilization for biz activity Shrinking local economy ・・ ・ Number of people using alternative mobility service (e.g. mobility on demand) 2
  • 56. Overview • Approx. 28ha area re-development with concept of new mobility, congestion mitigation, and disaster prevention capabilities • Install City OS to offer multi-sectoral services by utilizing advanced IoT technologies and real time data. • A land mark smart building “Tokyo Port City Takeshiba” developed by Tokyu Land Corporation. 【Transportation】 【Commercial】 【Area Management】 3D data 【Disaster prevention】 Digital signage Congestion info., personalized marketing Target Area (Approx.28ha) Apply to other sectors Ship MaaS, Autonomous Tokyo Bay Service City OS Device, Data City OS (Smart City Platform) ParkingWeather DisasterCongestion Energy Trans- portation Disaster prevention Area management Commerce ・・・ ・・・ Case Study - Smart City Takeshiba Overview of City OSOverview of Area Services Tokyo Port City Takeshiba 3
  • 57. Case Study - Smart City Takeshiba Smart Solutions in Tokyo Port City Takeshiba Mobility Urban Environment Open working space with open Wi-Fi and green infrastructure for comfortable working environment. Safety & Security Face recognition system with thermography guides users to uncrowded elevators by digital signage in the building. Energy & Resources Building management application that collects data by 1,300 sensors and keeps the entire building comfortable. e.g. Elevator Congestion Signage Indicator: Number of people using alternative mobility service 500 m long pedestrian deck connecting the station and the sea port for safe mobility. Indicator: Percentage of building adopting contactless technology Indicator: Percentage of smart building with building management system Indicator: Green Area per 100,000 Population e.g. Laser Sensor On The Ceiling
  • 58. Yuria Nakamura Director of Research and Planning Department, Organization for Promoting Urban Development (MINTO), Japan Session II - Panel discussion
  • 59. Organization for Promoting Urban Development (abbrev. “MINTO”) - Established in 1987 - A general incorporated foundation designated by the Minister of of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) - Offers financial support including investment and loans to private urban development projects by utilizing governmental funds, government guaranteed bonds, etc. - Provides expertise on finance and urban development while collaborating with relevant industries - Supported more than 1,400 projects /1.8 trillion yen in total 1. Investment 2. Support for solving local issues 3. Long-term/stable loan type support (1) Town Renewal Investment (2) Management-type town development fund (3) Crowdfunding-type town development fund etc. (4) Mezzanine support (5) Communal Urban Redevelopment 5
  • 60. MINTO’s mission One of the key points for promoting Smart City: public-private collaborations MINTO’s mission, as a partner for urban development projects, is to contribute for creating attractive cities by providing stable financial support. Banks Developers General contractors Governments 6
  • 61. Promotion of Smart Cities by MINTO Mezzanine support - A financial support applicable for urban development projects approved by MLIT, providing subordinated loans to supplement bank senior loans. - Contributes to stabilize long-term projects that usually require large sum of funds. ・Government guaranteed borrowing ・Government guaranteed bonds *image Smart Building control device camera, sensor local government etc. data provision data acquisition From this year, we started new support for “smart buildings” utilizing AI, IoT, etc. (ex. camera, sensor, beacon, control device)  productivity improvement  energy conservation  area value improvement etc. MINTO Private financial institutions, etc. ・Loan ・Acquisition of bonds Land, building Senior Mezzanine SPC, etc. Equity urban development project (approved by MLIT) Private financial institutions Loans, etc. National government 7
  • 62. Thank you for your attention! ■ MLIT Contact: 2-1-3 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8918 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism International Affairs Office, City Bureau +81-3-5253-8955 hqt-iao_cb_kokusai6@mlit.go.jp ■ MINTO Contact: Toyosu Center Building 8F, 3-3-3 Toyosu, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-6008 Organization for Promoting Urban Development +81-3-5546-0791 info@minto.or.jp 8
  • 63. Ane Miren Ibañez Zugazaga Managing Director Bilbao TIK, Spain Session II - Panel discussion
  • 64. Olga Kordas Director of Viable Cities (Swedish National Strategic Innovation Program for Smart and Sustainable Cities) & Associate Professor of KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden Session II - Panel discussion
  • 65. Viable Cities – a Swedish Strategic Innovation Programme for Smart and Sustainable Cities Assos. Professor Olga Kordas, Programme Director
  • 66. Nine Swedish cities and their partners are pioneering efforts to accelerate climate transition Mission: Climate neutral cities 2030 with a good life for all within planetary boundaries Digitalisation and citizen engagement important enablers
  • 67.  Outputs (short term) i.e CO2, Community Wealth  Outcomes (medium terms) i.e economic justice, bridging social capital, imagination, health, human development  Capabilities transition (societal) i.e sense-making, experimentation, learning and development, societal decision making  Key goal to improve learning and adaptability at different levels  Within innovation projects, between projects, on city level, between cities  Reflexivity, higher order learning (shifting norms, discourses)  Evaluation as strategic part of policy design and implementation Evaluation/measurement: systems transformation towards climate neutral and sustainable cities
  • 68.  ‘Formative evaluation’ as opportunity for reflection, help to change direction or adjust ongoing developments, projects and processes Upcoming publication by Harald Rohracher, Lars Coenen, Olga Kordas  Limitations of “rationalistic tradition”  value neutrality, objective assessment, measurable outcomes  Shift towards argumentative/ constructivist evaluation  Focus on processes instead of outcomes  Dialogue and participation as starting point  Indicators as ‘sites of collective imagination’, i.e. engagement with indicators as part of the transition process; making visible what counts Formative evaluation
  • 69. Conclusion & charting the way forward
  • 70. Nadim Ahmad Deputy Director, Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities (CFE), OECD Conclusion
  • 71. Thank you for participating! @OECD_local Follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn | Subscribe to our Newsletter|Check out our Website smart.cities@oecd.org |