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Dr Anna Lennquist , Senior Toxicologist, OECD Global Forum on PFAS, Paris 12 February 2024
AVAILABLE PFAS ALTERNATIVES
AND INNOVATION NEEDS
• Company dialogue - ChemSec Business
Group, PFAS Movement
• Information from our tools - Marketplace
PFAS Guide
• Available reports and publications,
including from the OECD
• Information from the EU PFAS restriction
proposal dossier and consultation input
WHAT CAN WE KNOW
ABOUT AVAILABILITY
OF ALTERNATIVES?
Aim to phase out PFAS
First challenge: knowing where PFAS is used
Awareness and phaseout:
textiles, cosmetics, impregnation, bike oils, ski
waxes and food packaging
Growing awareness and some phaseout:
electronics, paints, coatings, cleaning
products, packaging and more
Increasing awareness among frontrunners:
manufacturing processes (conveyor belts,
tanks, lubricants, molds, vaults, seals etc) and
facilities (F-gases)
DOWNSTREAM USERS
Approximately 100 alternatives to PFAS
Mainly three categories:
• Durable water repellence (DWR)
• Fire fighting foams (FFF)
• Food contact materials (FCM)
Few additional uses
INFORMATION FROM
MARKETPLACE
• Electronics
• Food packaging
• Textile
• Paints, coatings and varnishes
• Cosmetics
• Construction
• Others, ie surface treatment, F-gases
AVAILABLE
PUBLICATIONS
Restriction on the manufacture, placing on
the market and use of PFASs.
• Prepared by Germany, Denmark,
Netherlands, Norway and Sweden
• Over 2000 pages
• Calls for evidence
• 5600 comments on the proposal
THE MOST COMPRENSIVE
INVESTIGATION EVER
• PFAS according to the OECD definition,
(including F-gases and fluropolymers)
• REACH focus (ie not pesticides or
pharmaceutials) and excluding firefighting
foams
• ”All uses”: 14 main use categories
• Proposed derogations/ exemptions are
based on the availability of alternatives
PFAS RESTRICTION
PROPOSAL SCOPE
VOLUMES USES ALTERNATIVES INNOVATION NEEDS
VERY HIGH F-GASES: heat pumps, refrigeration YES Transport, safety, low temp
HIGH TRANSPORT YES Aircraft, aerospace
HIGH Textile, furniture, leather YES Some personal protection equipment
MEDIUM MEDICAL DEVICES Uncertainties Implantable devises, tubes and more
MEDIUM FOOD CONTACT YES Industrial uses
MEDIUM CONSTRUCTION YES Some uncertainties, ie insultation
LOW PETROLIUM AND MINING For non-polymers Polymeric applications
GROWING ELECTRONICS YES Semiconductors, high voltages
GROWING ENERGY SECTOR Uncertainties Batteries, fuel cells, power plants
LOW LUBRICANTS YES For “harsh” conditions
LOW METAL PRODUCTS AND PLATING YES Chrome plating
LOW Cosmetics, ski waxes, paints YES No
UNCERTAIN INDUSTRIAL USES For many uses Safety and hard conditions
UNCERTAIN Manufacture of fluorpolymers YES For less common polymers
Volume
of
PFAS
per
sector
Availability of viable safer alternatives
High volumes &
available solutions
F-gas applications
Textile, apparel, leather
Food contact materials
Construction
Low volumes,
available solutions
Consumer mixtures
Cosmetics
Ski wax
Lubricants
Metal plating
Scale up of
existing and new
solutions
Transport
Medical devices
Petrolium and mining
Scale up existing alternatives
and find new solutions
Electronics and semiconductors
Energy sector
Volume
of
PFAS
per
sector
Availability of viable safer alternatives
Low volumes,
available solutions
Consumer mixtures
Cosmetics
Ski wax
Lubricants
Metal plating
High volumes &
available solutions
F-gas applications
Textile, apparel, leather
Food contact materials
Construction
THE LOW HANGING FRUITS
Volume
of
PFAS
per
sector
Availability of viable safer alternatives
Scale up of
existing and new
solutions
Transport
Medical devices
Petroleum and mining
NEED FOR NEW AND SCALE UP OF EXISTING
SOLUTIONS
Scale up existing alternatives
and find new solutions
Electronics and semiconductors
Energy sector
Volume
of
PFAS
per
sector
Availability of viable safer alternatives
HUGE INNOVATION AND MARKET POTENTIAL
THE GREEN TRANSITION & THE PFAS RESTRICTION
SOLAR PANELS
PFAS function: back sheets made of
fluoropolymers
Alternative solution: Polyolefin back sheets
Solution providers: Endurans, Solarge
FUEL CELLS
PFAS function: Membrane materials
Alternative solution: Hydrocarbon material,
nanocellulose material, AEM fuel cells
Solution providers: Ionysis, Ionomr, Cellfion
ELECTROLYSERS FOR H2 PRODUCTION
PFAS function: Membrane material
Alternative solution: Hydrocarbon material,
nanocellulose material, AEM fuel cells
Solution providers: Ionysis, Ionomr, Cellfion
LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES
PFAS function: Cathode-binder, electrolyte
additives
Alternative solution: Nanocarbon composite, water-
based processes, E-lyte
Solution providers: Nanoramic, GRST, E-lyte,
Leclanché, Blue current, Altris
COATINGS FOR ELECTRONICS
PFAS function: Water proofing
Alternative solution: Other types of coatings
Solution providers: Actnano
SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING
PFAS function: Surfactant
Alternative solution: Other surfactants
Solution providers: Transene
H2
• Increase the knowledge on PFAS uses in some sectors: medical
devices, the energy sector
• Make knowledge of available alternatives easy accessible
• Support innovation of alternatives in specific areas
• Support the scale-up of existing alternatives
• Investigate regulatory and non-regulatory measures/incentives to
support the market transition
• Adjust international standards in cases where they unintentionally
hinder transition to safer alternatives
USEFUL ON INTERNATIONAL LEVEL
anna.lennquist@chemsec.org
THANKS FOR
LISTENING!
Anna Lennquist
ALTERNATIVES
GENERALLY AVAILABLE
F-GASES
TEXTILES
FOOD CONTACT
CONSTRUCTION
LUBRICANTS
METAL PLATING
COSMETICS, SKI WAX, PAINTS
For an increasing number of uses
in electronics, batteries, solar
panels
FIRE FIGHTING FOAMS
INNOVATION NEEDS
MEDICAL DEVICES
LABORATORY USES
SOME TRANSPORT AND SAFETY
APPLICATIONS (refrigeration,
hydraulic fluids and more)
PERSONAL PROTECTION
EQUIPMENT
SEMICONDUCTOR
MANUFACTURING
ENERGY SOLUTIONS (batteries,
fuel cells..)
UNCERTAINTIES
MEDICAL DEVICES
ENERGY SECTOR
PESTICIDES
PHARMACEUTICALS

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OECD Global Forum on the Environment dedicated to Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances: Available PFAS alternatives and innovation needs | Anna Lennquist

  • 1. Dr Anna Lennquist , Senior Toxicologist, OECD Global Forum on PFAS, Paris 12 February 2024 AVAILABLE PFAS ALTERNATIVES AND INNOVATION NEEDS
  • 2. • Company dialogue - ChemSec Business Group, PFAS Movement • Information from our tools - Marketplace PFAS Guide • Available reports and publications, including from the OECD • Information from the EU PFAS restriction proposal dossier and consultation input WHAT CAN WE KNOW ABOUT AVAILABILITY OF ALTERNATIVES?
  • 3. Aim to phase out PFAS First challenge: knowing where PFAS is used Awareness and phaseout: textiles, cosmetics, impregnation, bike oils, ski waxes and food packaging Growing awareness and some phaseout: electronics, paints, coatings, cleaning products, packaging and more Increasing awareness among frontrunners: manufacturing processes (conveyor belts, tanks, lubricants, molds, vaults, seals etc) and facilities (F-gases) DOWNSTREAM USERS
  • 4. Approximately 100 alternatives to PFAS Mainly three categories: • Durable water repellence (DWR) • Fire fighting foams (FFF) • Food contact materials (FCM) Few additional uses INFORMATION FROM MARKETPLACE
  • 5. • Electronics • Food packaging • Textile • Paints, coatings and varnishes • Cosmetics • Construction • Others, ie surface treatment, F-gases AVAILABLE PUBLICATIONS
  • 6. Restriction on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of PFASs. • Prepared by Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, Norway and Sweden • Over 2000 pages • Calls for evidence • 5600 comments on the proposal THE MOST COMPRENSIVE INVESTIGATION EVER
  • 7. • PFAS according to the OECD definition, (including F-gases and fluropolymers) • REACH focus (ie not pesticides or pharmaceutials) and excluding firefighting foams • ”All uses”: 14 main use categories • Proposed derogations/ exemptions are based on the availability of alternatives PFAS RESTRICTION PROPOSAL SCOPE
  • 8. VOLUMES USES ALTERNATIVES INNOVATION NEEDS VERY HIGH F-GASES: heat pumps, refrigeration YES Transport, safety, low temp HIGH TRANSPORT YES Aircraft, aerospace HIGH Textile, furniture, leather YES Some personal protection equipment MEDIUM MEDICAL DEVICES Uncertainties Implantable devises, tubes and more MEDIUM FOOD CONTACT YES Industrial uses MEDIUM CONSTRUCTION YES Some uncertainties, ie insultation LOW PETROLIUM AND MINING For non-polymers Polymeric applications GROWING ELECTRONICS YES Semiconductors, high voltages GROWING ENERGY SECTOR Uncertainties Batteries, fuel cells, power plants LOW LUBRICANTS YES For “harsh” conditions LOW METAL PRODUCTS AND PLATING YES Chrome plating LOW Cosmetics, ski waxes, paints YES No UNCERTAIN INDUSTRIAL USES For many uses Safety and hard conditions UNCERTAIN Manufacture of fluorpolymers YES For less common polymers
  • 9. Volume of PFAS per sector Availability of viable safer alternatives High volumes & available solutions F-gas applications Textile, apparel, leather Food contact materials Construction Low volumes, available solutions Consumer mixtures Cosmetics Ski wax Lubricants Metal plating Scale up of existing and new solutions Transport Medical devices Petrolium and mining Scale up existing alternatives and find new solutions Electronics and semiconductors Energy sector
  • 10. Volume of PFAS per sector Availability of viable safer alternatives Low volumes, available solutions Consumer mixtures Cosmetics Ski wax Lubricants Metal plating High volumes & available solutions F-gas applications Textile, apparel, leather Food contact materials Construction THE LOW HANGING FRUITS
  • 11. Volume of PFAS per sector Availability of viable safer alternatives Scale up of existing and new solutions Transport Medical devices Petroleum and mining NEED FOR NEW AND SCALE UP OF EXISTING SOLUTIONS
  • 12. Scale up existing alternatives and find new solutions Electronics and semiconductors Energy sector Volume of PFAS per sector Availability of viable safer alternatives HUGE INNOVATION AND MARKET POTENTIAL
  • 13. THE GREEN TRANSITION & THE PFAS RESTRICTION SOLAR PANELS PFAS function: back sheets made of fluoropolymers Alternative solution: Polyolefin back sheets Solution providers: Endurans, Solarge FUEL CELLS PFAS function: Membrane materials Alternative solution: Hydrocarbon material, nanocellulose material, AEM fuel cells Solution providers: Ionysis, Ionomr, Cellfion ELECTROLYSERS FOR H2 PRODUCTION PFAS function: Membrane material Alternative solution: Hydrocarbon material, nanocellulose material, AEM fuel cells Solution providers: Ionysis, Ionomr, Cellfion LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES PFAS function: Cathode-binder, electrolyte additives Alternative solution: Nanocarbon composite, water- based processes, E-lyte Solution providers: Nanoramic, GRST, E-lyte, Leclanché, Blue current, Altris COATINGS FOR ELECTRONICS PFAS function: Water proofing Alternative solution: Other types of coatings Solution providers: Actnano SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING PFAS function: Surfactant Alternative solution: Other surfactants Solution providers: Transene H2
  • 14. • Increase the knowledge on PFAS uses in some sectors: medical devices, the energy sector • Make knowledge of available alternatives easy accessible • Support innovation of alternatives in specific areas • Support the scale-up of existing alternatives • Investigate regulatory and non-regulatory measures/incentives to support the market transition • Adjust international standards in cases where they unintentionally hinder transition to safer alternatives USEFUL ON INTERNATIONAL LEVEL
  • 15.
  • 17. ALTERNATIVES GENERALLY AVAILABLE F-GASES TEXTILES FOOD CONTACT CONSTRUCTION LUBRICANTS METAL PLATING COSMETICS, SKI WAX, PAINTS For an increasing number of uses in electronics, batteries, solar panels FIRE FIGHTING FOAMS INNOVATION NEEDS MEDICAL DEVICES LABORATORY USES SOME TRANSPORT AND SAFETY APPLICATIONS (refrigeration, hydraulic fluids and more) PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING ENERGY SOLUTIONS (batteries, fuel cells..) UNCERTAINTIES MEDICAL DEVICES ENERGY SECTOR PESTICIDES PHARMACEUTICALS