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Numbers not Napkins:  Simple Startup Metrics  & Business Models  SDForum Business Intelligence SIG Palo Alto, January 2009 Dave McClure, Founders Fund http://www.foundersfund.com/   http://500hats.typepad.com/ http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/
Agenda The Basics Measure Stuff.  Keep It Simple. 5 Steps: Startup Metrics for Pirates ( AARRR !) 3 Items: Biz Model, Conversion, Mktg Channels Iterate & Optimize. One Step at a Time. Appendix Activation Retention Acquisition Referral Revenue
The Startup Metrics Religion Progress ≠ Features Focus on User Experience Measure Conversion; Compare 2+ Options Fast & Frequent Iteration Keep it Simple & Actionable
Be Bold.  Be Humble. Stuff That Matters: Passion  for Problem/Solution  + Hypothesis of  Customer Lifecycle 1-page Business Model : Prioritized List of (Users + Conversions) Critical, Few, Actionable   Metrics + Dashboard of  Measured  User Behavior 1-pg Marketing Plan : (Channels + Campaigns) * (Volume, Cost, Conv %) Velocity of (Product  Execution  + Cycle Time of  Testing ) *  Iteration 20% Inspiration   + 80% Perspiration Long-term:  Audacity + Creative Inspiration Short-term:  Humility + Analytic Rigor
Web 2.0: What’s So Special? Startup Costs = Lower # Users, Bandwidth = Bigger Online Adv / E-Com = Still Growing Collect  Usage Metrics  in  Real-Time Make Decisions Based on User Behavior
Just Gimme the GOOD Metrics. Users, Pages, Clicks, Emails, $$$...? Q: Which of these is best?  How do you know? 1,000,000 one-time, unregistered unique visitors 500,000 visitors who view 2+ pages / stay 10+ sec 200,000 visitors who clicked on a link or button 20,000 registered users w/ email address 2,000 passionate fans who refer 5+ users / mo. 1,000 monthly subscribers @ $35/mo the  good  stuff.
Types of Measurement Qualitative : Usability Testing / Session Monitoring Watch users,  guess problems & solutions from small # of users Quantitative : Traffic Analysis / User Engagement Track users, usage, conv %'s for empirical sample # of users Comparative : A/B, Multivariate Testing Compare what users do in one scenario vs another Measure which copy/graphics/UI are most effective Competitive : Monitoring & Tracking Competitors Track competitor activity & compare against yours (if possible) Compare channels, keyword traffic, demographics, user sat, etc.
Passion  vs.  Precision “ Solve a Problem” =  Passion “ Optimize the Solution” =   Precision However… “ Precision” is Illusion; “data” is fuzzy Collecting & Interpreting data takes time & effort Keep Metrics  Simple  &  Actionable
AARRR!: 5-Step Startup Metrics Model Website.com R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce A CQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains R etention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
Startup Metrics for Pirates A cquisition:  users come to site from various  channels A ctivation:  users enjoy 1 st  visit: " happy ” experience R etention:  users  come back , visit site multiple times R eferral:  users like product enough to  refer others R evenue:  users conduct some  monetization  behavior AARRR !
3 Key Metrics Frameworks: biz model, conversion dashboard, mktg channels Define  1-Page Biz Model : customer segments + desired actions / behaviors Identify critical  Conversion Events & Dashboard  for each segment & prioritize Test & develop  Marketing Channels ; measure Volume (#), Cost ($), Conv (%) Optimize   product & marketing using  Fast Iteration  Cycles &  A/B Testing
Q: What’s My Business Model? Can be one of the following: Get Users  (= Acquisition, Referral) Drive Usage  (= Activation, Retention) Make Money  (= Revenue*) * ideally  profitable   revenue Note:  eventually  need to turn Users/Usage -> Money
Role: Founder/CEO Q: Which Metrics? Why? A: Focus on  Critical Few Actionable  Metrics (if you don’t use the metric to make a decision, it’s not actionable) Hypothesize Customer Lifecycle Target ~3-5 Conversion Events  (tip: Less = More) Test, Measure, Iterate to Improve
The 1-Page Business Model (Users + Conversions + Priorities) Q1: What  types  of people use your website?  Visitor  = Average User / Buyer Contributor  = Content Contributor / Seller Distributor  = Passionate Fan (unpaid) / Affiliate (paid) Q2: What  actions  could they take to help  you   or  them   ?
TeachStreet Metrics v1: Eye Chart Madness
TeachStreet Metrics v2:  Customer Types + Conversion Priorities
TeachStreet 1-Page Business Model: Teachers & Students Teachers Students Activation Claim Profile Add Class Contact Teacher View 3 Pages Retention Visit 1x/mo for 3 mo’s Visit 1x/mo for 3 mo’s  Referral Request Review Suggest Teacher
Role: Product / Engineering Q: What Features to Build?  Why? A:  Easy-to-Find ,  Fun ,  Useful ,  Unique  Features that   Increase Conversion Wireframes = Conversion Steps Measure, A/B Test, Iterate FAST (daily/weekly) Optimize for Conversion Improvement 80% on existing feature optimization 20% on new feature development
Example Conversion Dashboard (note: *not* actuals… your mileage may vary) Stage Conversion Status Conv.  % Est. Value (*not* cost) Acquisition Visitors -> Site/Widget/Landing Page (2+ pages, 10+ sec, 1+ clicks = don’t abandon) 60% $.05 Activation “ Happy” 1 st  Visit; Usage/Signup (clicks/time/pages, email/profile reg, feature usage) 15% $.25 Retention Users Come Back; Multiple Visits (1-3x visits/mo; email/feed open rate / CTR) 5% $1 Referral Users Refer Others (cust sat >=8; viral K factor > 1; ) 1% $5 Revenue Users Pay / Generate $$$ (first txn, break-even, target profitability) 2% $10
TeachStreet: Teacher “Claim Rate”  ( Seattle ,  Portland )
TeachStreet: 45-day Claim Rates ( Seattle ,  Portland )
Design, Optimize for  Conversion
Role: Marketing / Sales Q: What channels?  Which users?  Why? A: High  Volume  (#), Low  Cost  ($), High  Conv  (%) Design & Test Multiple Marketing Channels + Campaigns Select & Focus on Best-Performing Channels & Themes Optimize for conversion to target CTAs, not just site/landing page Match/Drive channel cost to/below revenue potential Low-Hanging Fruit:  Blogs SEO/SEM Landing Pages Automated Emails
Example Marketing Channels disclaimer: estimates of vol, cost/user, time & effort are subjective – actual costs are dependent on your specific business
M AARRR keting Plan Marketing Plan = Target Customer Acquisition Channels 3 Important Factors =  Volume  (#),  Cost  ($),  Conversion  (%) Measure conversion to target customer actions Test audience segments, campaign themes, Call-To-Action ( CTA s)  [Gradually] Match Channel Costs =>  Revenue Potential  Increase Vol. & Conversion, Decrease Cost, Optimize for Revenue Potential Avg Txn Value ( ATV ), Ann Rev Per User ( ARPU ), Cust Lifetime Value ( CLV ) Design channels that (eventually) cost  <20-50%  of target ATV, ARPU, CLV Consider Costs, Scarce Resource Tradeoffs Actual $ expenses Marketing time & resources Product/Engineering time & resources Cashflow timing of expense vs. revenue, profit
One Step at a Time. Make a Good Product : Activation & Retention Market the Product : Acquisition & Referral Make Money : Revenue & Profitability “ You probably can’t save your  Ass  and your  Face  at the same time…  choose carefully .”  – DMC
Summary Measure Stuff.  Keep It Simple. 5 Steps: Startup Metrics for Pirates ( AARRR !) 3 Items: Biz Model, Conversion, Mktg Channels Iterate & Optimize. One Step at a Time.
Links & Resources Additional References: “ Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion ”, Robert Cialdini (book) “ Putting the Fun in Functional ”, Amy Jo Kim (etech 2006 preso) “ Futuristic Play ”, Andrew Chen (blog) “ Don’t Make Me Think ”, Steve Krug (book) “ A Theory of Fun ”, Raph Koster (book, website) “ Designing for the Social Web ”, Joshua Porter (book, website) “ Customer Development Methodology ” Steve Blank (presentation)
Appendix
Startup Metrics Activation
Website.com Activation Criteria: 10-30+ seconds 2-3+ page views 3-5+ clicks 1 key feature usage do LOTS of  landing  page  &  A/B tests  –  make lots of dumb  guesses &  iterate FAST Activation SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains
Activation What do users do on their first visit? Example Activation Goals Click on something! Account sign up / Emails Referrals / Tell a friend Widgets / Embeds Low Bounce Rate Activation Tips Less is more Focus on user experience / usability Provide incentives & call to actions Test and iterate continuously
Activation What do users do on their first visit? Key Metrics to Track Pages per visit Time on site Conversions
Activation Tools Crazy Egg (Visual Click Mapping) http://crazyegg.com   Google Website Optimizer (A/B & Multivariate Testing) http://google.com/websiteoptimizer   Marketo.com (B2B Lead Generation Management) http://marketo.com   Resources Experimentation and Testing: A Primer kaushik.net/avinash/2006/05/experimentation-and-testing-a-primer.html Landing Page Design Toolbox: 100 Tips & Tools http://tinyurl.com/326co6   Landing Page Tutorials & Case Studies http://www.copyblogger.com/landing-pages/   101 Easy Easy to use Google Website Optimizer http://conversion-rate-experts.com/articles/101-google-website-optimizer-tips/
Startup Metrics Retention
Website.com Automated emails: lifecycle emails @ +3, +7, +30d  status / “best of” weekly/monthly “ something happened” emails BUT:  make it  easy  to unsubscribe Tip on emails: > 80% or more on  SUBJECT LINE < 20% or less on BODY TEXT Retention SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
Cohort Analysis: Distrib of Visits over Time Rate of Decay Effective Customer Lifecycle Retention Methods Automated Emails * Track open rate / CTR / Quantity RSS / News Feeds * Track % viewed / CTR / Quantity Widgets / Embeds * Track impressions / CTR / Quantity Retention How do users come back? How often?
Example Retention Goals 1 - 3+ visits per month 20% open rate / 2% CTR High deliverability / Low spam rating Long customer life cycle / Low decay Identify fanatics and cheerleaders Retention Tips Email is simple and it works BUT make unsubscribe easy 80% subject line / 20% body text ACTUALLY 99% subject line / 1% body text Fanatics = virality + affiliate channel (bloggers?) Retention How do users come back? How often?
Retention How do users come back? How often? Key Metrics to Track Source Quantity Conversions Visitor Loyalty Session Length
Retention Tools Campaign Monitor / MailChimp (email newsletter software) campaignmonitor.com / mailchimp.com TriggerMail (site-centric email management) triggermail.net Litmus (email and website design testing - clients / browsers) litmusapp.com Resources 30 free HTML email templates campaignmonitor.com/resources/templates.aspx Best Practices in Writing Email Subject Lines mailchimp.com/resources/best-practices-in-writing-email-subject-lines.phtml Learning Viral: Viral Emails of Tagged.com okdork.com/2008/04/10/learning-viral-studying-taggedcom/
Startup Metrics Acquisition
Website.com Marketing Channels: largest-volume (#)  lowest-cost ($) best-performing (%)  Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains
Acquisition Where are users coming from? Acquisition Methods SEO / SEM Blogs Email Social Media & Social Networks Domains
Acquisition Keyword Vocabulary Top 10 - 100 words Your Brand / Products Customer Needs / Benefits Competitor’s Brand / Products Semantic Equivalents Misspellings Things to analyze Sources Volume Cost Conversion
Acquisition Where are users coming from? Key Metrics to Track Quantity (#) Cost ($) Conversions (%) Example
Acquisition Tools Google Analytics (web analytics) google.com/analytics Google Keyword Tool (keyword research tool) adwords.google.com/select/KeywordToolExternal SEO Book Tools (SEO related tools) tools.seobook.com Resources SEO Book Blog seobook.com/blog The Social Media Manual: Read Before You Play searchengineland.com/071120-144401.php Strategies to ruthlessly acquire users andrewchen.typepad.com/andrew_chens_blog/2007/04/10_obvious_stra.html
Startup Metrics Referral
Website.com Focus on driving referrals * after * users have a “ happy ” experience; avg score >=  8 out of 10 Referral Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Retention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
Referral How do users refer others? Referral Methods Send to Friend: Email / IM Social Media Widgets / Embeds Affiliates
Referral Viral Growth Factor Viral Growth Factor =  X  *  Y  *  Z X = % of users who invite other people Y = average # of people that they invited Z = % of users who accepted an invitation A viral growth factor > 1 means an exponential organic user acquisition.
Referral Tools Gigya (social media distribution & tracking tool) gigya.com ShareThis / AddThis (sharing buttons) sharethis.com / addthis.com GetMyContacts (PHP contacts importing & invitation software) getmycontacts.com Resources Seven Ways to GO VIRAL lsvp.wordpress.com/2007/03/02/seven-ways-to-go-viral/ What’s your viral loop? Understanding the engine of adoption andrewchen.typepad.com/andrew_chens_blog/2007/07/whats-your-vira.html Metrics: Where Users Come From slideshare.net/guest2968b8/rockyou-snap-summit-32508
Startup Metrics Revenue
Website.com Revenue This is the part *you*  still have to figure out…  (we  don’t know jack  about your business) R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Retention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
Revenue How do you make money? Revenue Tips Don’t Rely on AdSense (only) Start Free => 2% “ Freemium ” Subscription / Recurring transactions Qualify your customers -> Lead generation (arbitrage) Sell something! (physical or virtual)
Revenue Resources & Tools Revenue Metrics (Andrew Chen) http://tinyurl.com/47r63a How to Create a Profitable “Freemium” Startup (Andrew Chen) http://tinyurl.com/8z9ygk   2008 Affiliate Marketing Review (Scott Jangro) http://tinyurl.com/86wak4

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Numbers not Napkins: Simple Startup Metrics

  • 1. Numbers not Napkins: Simple Startup Metrics & Business Models SDForum Business Intelligence SIG Palo Alto, January 2009 Dave McClure, Founders Fund http://www.foundersfund.com/ http://500hats.typepad.com/ http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/
  • 2. Agenda The Basics Measure Stuff. Keep It Simple. 5 Steps: Startup Metrics for Pirates ( AARRR !) 3 Items: Biz Model, Conversion, Mktg Channels Iterate & Optimize. One Step at a Time. Appendix Activation Retention Acquisition Referral Revenue
  • 3. The Startup Metrics Religion Progress ≠ Features Focus on User Experience Measure Conversion; Compare 2+ Options Fast & Frequent Iteration Keep it Simple & Actionable
  • 4. Be Bold. Be Humble. Stuff That Matters: Passion for Problem/Solution + Hypothesis of Customer Lifecycle 1-page Business Model : Prioritized List of (Users + Conversions) Critical, Few, Actionable Metrics + Dashboard of Measured User Behavior 1-pg Marketing Plan : (Channels + Campaigns) * (Volume, Cost, Conv %) Velocity of (Product Execution + Cycle Time of Testing ) * Iteration 20% Inspiration + 80% Perspiration Long-term: Audacity + Creative Inspiration Short-term: Humility + Analytic Rigor
  • 5. Web 2.0: What’s So Special? Startup Costs = Lower # Users, Bandwidth = Bigger Online Adv / E-Com = Still Growing Collect Usage Metrics in Real-Time Make Decisions Based on User Behavior
  • 6. Just Gimme the GOOD Metrics. Users, Pages, Clicks, Emails, $$$...? Q: Which of these is best? How do you know? 1,000,000 one-time, unregistered unique visitors 500,000 visitors who view 2+ pages / stay 10+ sec 200,000 visitors who clicked on a link or button 20,000 registered users w/ email address 2,000 passionate fans who refer 5+ users / mo. 1,000 monthly subscribers @ $35/mo the good stuff.
  • 7. Types of Measurement Qualitative : Usability Testing / Session Monitoring Watch users, guess problems & solutions from small # of users Quantitative : Traffic Analysis / User Engagement Track users, usage, conv %'s for empirical sample # of users Comparative : A/B, Multivariate Testing Compare what users do in one scenario vs another Measure which copy/graphics/UI are most effective Competitive : Monitoring & Tracking Competitors Track competitor activity & compare against yours (if possible) Compare channels, keyword traffic, demographics, user sat, etc.
  • 8. Passion vs. Precision “ Solve a Problem” = Passion “ Optimize the Solution” = Precision However… “ Precision” is Illusion; “data” is fuzzy Collecting & Interpreting data takes time & effort Keep Metrics Simple & Actionable
  • 9. AARRR!: 5-Step Startup Metrics Model Website.com R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce A CQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains R etention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
  • 10. Startup Metrics for Pirates A cquisition: users come to site from various channels A ctivation: users enjoy 1 st visit: &quot; happy ” experience R etention: users come back , visit site multiple times R eferral: users like product enough to refer others R evenue: users conduct some monetization behavior AARRR !
  • 11. 3 Key Metrics Frameworks: biz model, conversion dashboard, mktg channels Define 1-Page Biz Model : customer segments + desired actions / behaviors Identify critical Conversion Events & Dashboard for each segment & prioritize Test & develop Marketing Channels ; measure Volume (#), Cost ($), Conv (%) Optimize product & marketing using Fast Iteration Cycles & A/B Testing
  • 12. Q: What’s My Business Model? Can be one of the following: Get Users (= Acquisition, Referral) Drive Usage (= Activation, Retention) Make Money (= Revenue*) * ideally profitable revenue Note: eventually need to turn Users/Usage -> Money
  • 13. Role: Founder/CEO Q: Which Metrics? Why? A: Focus on Critical Few Actionable Metrics (if you don’t use the metric to make a decision, it’s not actionable) Hypothesize Customer Lifecycle Target ~3-5 Conversion Events (tip: Less = More) Test, Measure, Iterate to Improve
  • 14. The 1-Page Business Model (Users + Conversions + Priorities) Q1: What types of people use your website? Visitor = Average User / Buyer Contributor = Content Contributor / Seller Distributor = Passionate Fan (unpaid) / Affiliate (paid) Q2: What actions could they take to help you or them ?
  • 15. TeachStreet Metrics v1: Eye Chart Madness
  • 16. TeachStreet Metrics v2: Customer Types + Conversion Priorities
  • 17. TeachStreet 1-Page Business Model: Teachers & Students Teachers Students Activation Claim Profile Add Class Contact Teacher View 3 Pages Retention Visit 1x/mo for 3 mo’s Visit 1x/mo for 3 mo’s Referral Request Review Suggest Teacher
  • 18. Role: Product / Engineering Q: What Features to Build? Why? A: Easy-to-Find , Fun , Useful , Unique Features that Increase Conversion Wireframes = Conversion Steps Measure, A/B Test, Iterate FAST (daily/weekly) Optimize for Conversion Improvement 80% on existing feature optimization 20% on new feature development
  • 19. Example Conversion Dashboard (note: *not* actuals… your mileage may vary) Stage Conversion Status Conv. % Est. Value (*not* cost) Acquisition Visitors -> Site/Widget/Landing Page (2+ pages, 10+ sec, 1+ clicks = don’t abandon) 60% $.05 Activation “ Happy” 1 st Visit; Usage/Signup (clicks/time/pages, email/profile reg, feature usage) 15% $.25 Retention Users Come Back; Multiple Visits (1-3x visits/mo; email/feed open rate / CTR) 5% $1 Referral Users Refer Others (cust sat >=8; viral K factor > 1; ) 1% $5 Revenue Users Pay / Generate $$$ (first txn, break-even, target profitability) 2% $10
  • 20. TeachStreet: Teacher “Claim Rate” ( Seattle , Portland )
  • 21. TeachStreet: 45-day Claim Rates ( Seattle , Portland )
  • 22. Design, Optimize for Conversion
  • 23. Role: Marketing / Sales Q: What channels? Which users? Why? A: High Volume (#), Low Cost ($), High Conv (%) Design & Test Multiple Marketing Channels + Campaigns Select & Focus on Best-Performing Channels & Themes Optimize for conversion to target CTAs, not just site/landing page Match/Drive channel cost to/below revenue potential Low-Hanging Fruit: Blogs SEO/SEM Landing Pages Automated Emails
  • 24. Example Marketing Channels disclaimer: estimates of vol, cost/user, time & effort are subjective – actual costs are dependent on your specific business
  • 25. M AARRR keting Plan Marketing Plan = Target Customer Acquisition Channels 3 Important Factors = Volume (#), Cost ($), Conversion (%) Measure conversion to target customer actions Test audience segments, campaign themes, Call-To-Action ( CTA s) [Gradually] Match Channel Costs => Revenue Potential Increase Vol. & Conversion, Decrease Cost, Optimize for Revenue Potential Avg Txn Value ( ATV ), Ann Rev Per User ( ARPU ), Cust Lifetime Value ( CLV ) Design channels that (eventually) cost <20-50% of target ATV, ARPU, CLV Consider Costs, Scarce Resource Tradeoffs Actual $ expenses Marketing time & resources Product/Engineering time & resources Cashflow timing of expense vs. revenue, profit
  • 26. One Step at a Time. Make a Good Product : Activation & Retention Market the Product : Acquisition & Referral Make Money : Revenue & Profitability “ You probably can’t save your Ass and your Face at the same time… choose carefully .” – DMC
  • 27. Summary Measure Stuff. Keep It Simple. 5 Steps: Startup Metrics for Pirates ( AARRR !) 3 Items: Biz Model, Conversion, Mktg Channels Iterate & Optimize. One Step at a Time.
  • 28. Links & Resources Additional References: “ Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion ”, Robert Cialdini (book) “ Putting the Fun in Functional ”, Amy Jo Kim (etech 2006 preso) “ Futuristic Play ”, Andrew Chen (blog) “ Don’t Make Me Think ”, Steve Krug (book) “ A Theory of Fun ”, Raph Koster (book, website) “ Designing for the Social Web ”, Joshua Porter (book, website) “ Customer Development Methodology ” Steve Blank (presentation)
  • 31. Website.com Activation Criteria: 10-30+ seconds 2-3+ page views 3-5+ clicks 1 key feature usage do LOTS of landing page & A/B tests – make lots of dumb guesses & iterate FAST Activation SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains
  • 32. Activation What do users do on their first visit? Example Activation Goals Click on something! Account sign up / Emails Referrals / Tell a friend Widgets / Embeds Low Bounce Rate Activation Tips Less is more Focus on user experience / usability Provide incentives & call to actions Test and iterate continuously
  • 33. Activation What do users do on their first visit? Key Metrics to Track Pages per visit Time on site Conversions
  • 34. Activation Tools Crazy Egg (Visual Click Mapping) http://crazyegg.com Google Website Optimizer (A/B & Multivariate Testing) http://google.com/websiteoptimizer Marketo.com (B2B Lead Generation Management) http://marketo.com Resources Experimentation and Testing: A Primer kaushik.net/avinash/2006/05/experimentation-and-testing-a-primer.html Landing Page Design Toolbox: 100 Tips & Tools http://tinyurl.com/326co6 Landing Page Tutorials & Case Studies http://www.copyblogger.com/landing-pages/ 101 Easy Easy to use Google Website Optimizer http://conversion-rate-experts.com/articles/101-google-website-optimizer-tips/
  • 36. Website.com Automated emails: lifecycle emails @ +3, +7, +30d status / “best of” weekly/monthly “ something happened” emails BUT: make it easy to unsubscribe Tip on emails: > 80% or more on SUBJECT LINE < 20% or less on BODY TEXT Retention SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
  • 37. Cohort Analysis: Distrib of Visits over Time Rate of Decay Effective Customer Lifecycle Retention Methods Automated Emails * Track open rate / CTR / Quantity RSS / News Feeds * Track % viewed / CTR / Quantity Widgets / Embeds * Track impressions / CTR / Quantity Retention How do users come back? How often?
  • 38. Example Retention Goals 1 - 3+ visits per month 20% open rate / 2% CTR High deliverability / Low spam rating Long customer life cycle / Low decay Identify fanatics and cheerleaders Retention Tips Email is simple and it works BUT make unsubscribe easy 80% subject line / 20% body text ACTUALLY 99% subject line / 1% body text Fanatics = virality + affiliate channel (bloggers?) Retention How do users come back? How often?
  • 39. Retention How do users come back? How often? Key Metrics to Track Source Quantity Conversions Visitor Loyalty Session Length
  • 40. Retention Tools Campaign Monitor / MailChimp (email newsletter software) campaignmonitor.com / mailchimp.com TriggerMail (site-centric email management) triggermail.net Litmus (email and website design testing - clients / browsers) litmusapp.com Resources 30 free HTML email templates campaignmonitor.com/resources/templates.aspx Best Practices in Writing Email Subject Lines mailchimp.com/resources/best-practices-in-writing-email-subject-lines.phtml Learning Viral: Viral Emails of Tagged.com okdork.com/2008/04/10/learning-viral-studying-taggedcom/
  • 42. Website.com Marketing Channels: largest-volume (#) lowest-cost ($) best-performing (%) Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains
  • 43. Acquisition Where are users coming from? Acquisition Methods SEO / SEM Blogs Email Social Media & Social Networks Domains
  • 44. Acquisition Keyword Vocabulary Top 10 - 100 words Your Brand / Products Customer Needs / Benefits Competitor’s Brand / Products Semantic Equivalents Misspellings Things to analyze Sources Volume Cost Conversion
  • 45. Acquisition Where are users coming from? Key Metrics to Track Quantity (#) Cost ($) Conversions (%) Example
  • 46. Acquisition Tools Google Analytics (web analytics) google.com/analytics Google Keyword Tool (keyword research tool) adwords.google.com/select/KeywordToolExternal SEO Book Tools (SEO related tools) tools.seobook.com Resources SEO Book Blog seobook.com/blog The Social Media Manual: Read Before You Play searchengineland.com/071120-144401.php Strategies to ruthlessly acquire users andrewchen.typepad.com/andrew_chens_blog/2007/04/10_obvious_stra.html
  • 48. Website.com Focus on driving referrals * after * users have a “ happy ” experience; avg score >= 8 out of 10 Referral Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Retention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
  • 49. Referral How do users refer others? Referral Methods Send to Friend: Email / IM Social Media Widgets / Embeds Affiliates
  • 50. Referral Viral Growth Factor Viral Growth Factor = X * Y * Z X = % of users who invite other people Y = average # of people that they invited Z = % of users who accepted an invitation A viral growth factor > 1 means an exponential organic user acquisition.
  • 51. Referral Tools Gigya (social media distribution & tracking tool) gigya.com ShareThis / AddThis (sharing buttons) sharethis.com / addthis.com GetMyContacts (PHP contacts importing & invitation software) getmycontacts.com Resources Seven Ways to GO VIRAL lsvp.wordpress.com/2007/03/02/seven-ways-to-go-viral/ What’s your viral loop? Understanding the engine of adoption andrewchen.typepad.com/andrew_chens_blog/2007/07/whats-your-vira.html Metrics: Where Users Come From slideshare.net/guest2968b8/rockyou-snap-summit-32508
  • 53. Website.com Revenue This is the part *you* still have to figure out… (we don’t know jack about your business) R evenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce Acquisition SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains Retention Emails & Alerts System Events & Time-based Features Blogs, RSS, News Feeds
  • 54. Revenue How do you make money? Revenue Tips Don’t Rely on AdSense (only) Start Free => 2% “ Freemium ” Subscription / Recurring transactions Qualify your customers -> Lead generation (arbitrage) Sell something! (physical or virtual)
  • 55. Revenue Resources & Tools Revenue Metrics (Andrew Chen) http://tinyurl.com/47r63a How to Create a Profitable “Freemium” Startup (Andrew Chen) http://tinyurl.com/8z9ygk 2008 Affiliate Marketing Review (Scott Jangro) http://tinyurl.com/86wak4