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Sorin A. Matei Purdue University Space: the stuff of communication
Philosophical assumptions Space is constructed Space is social Space is a set of relationally defined locations Space is about vicinities and the communication processes they enable Vicinity is that space defined by our communication practices A B C
Space is of two kinds
Space is of two kinds…  Space is everywhere
Research questions If we analyze flows of exchanges between nations, should we expect an increasing alignment of nations that share same cultural/civilizational characteristics? Do nations that speak the same language or have the same beliefs send more information to one another? Explored in  Globalization and heterogenization: Cultural and civilizational clustering in telecommunicative space (1989–1999).  Telematics and Informatics Volume 23, Issue 4 , November 2006, Pages 316-331
Data 2 who-to-whom matrices—networks—of international telephony ties between 107/110 nations (80% world population) – 1989 – 1999 Data from ITU and Telegeography Matrices define “telecommunicative neighbors” Countries are neighbors of each other if they send at least 5% of their traffic to each other 5% threshold is based on analysis of tie distribution Logarithmic A nation typically sends 80% of its outgoing traffic to 4 nations These nations typically absorb between 5 to 90% of the traffic (average 35%), each All the other nations (109) absorb under 5%
Data cntd. Node attributes: cultural afilliation (linguistic): rated civilizational affiliation (religious): percentage 4 linguistic and 4 civilizational areals English French Arabic Spanish Protestant Catholic  Islamic Buddhist-Hindu
Statistical Analysis Spatial correlation (Moran’s I) Measures likelihood of countries that have high values on certain attributes to be surrounded by nations that are like them
Global Moran’s I Global version: what is the magnitude of spatial association in the entire dataset? 0 - 1: Countries are systematically surrounded by nations with similar values on the key attribute -1 - 0: Countries are systematically surrounded by nations with dissimilar values on the key attribute 0: No association
Results: Global values Global Moran’s I values increase for all, except one areal, Arabic Value increases are significant (t-test for paired samples), except for the Islamic areal There is an increasing tendency of countries that are similar culturally or civilizationally to cluster together in telecommunicative space
Discussion Evidence for heterogenization Nations more likely to be surrounded by their civilizational peers
Conclusion Space can be viewed as a set of communicative ties These ties differ from geographic ties We can use this paradigm for any other situation that involves a social and a physical network

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Nca2006

  • 1. Sorin A. Matei Purdue University Space: the stuff of communication
  • 2. Philosophical assumptions Space is constructed Space is social Space is a set of relationally defined locations Space is about vicinities and the communication processes they enable Vicinity is that space defined by our communication practices A B C
  • 3. Space is of two kinds
  • 4. Space is of two kinds… Space is everywhere
  • 5. Research questions If we analyze flows of exchanges between nations, should we expect an increasing alignment of nations that share same cultural/civilizational characteristics? Do nations that speak the same language or have the same beliefs send more information to one another? Explored in Globalization and heterogenization: Cultural and civilizational clustering in telecommunicative space (1989–1999). Telematics and Informatics Volume 23, Issue 4 , November 2006, Pages 316-331
  • 6. Data 2 who-to-whom matrices—networks—of international telephony ties between 107/110 nations (80% world population) – 1989 – 1999 Data from ITU and Telegeography Matrices define “telecommunicative neighbors” Countries are neighbors of each other if they send at least 5% of their traffic to each other 5% threshold is based on analysis of tie distribution Logarithmic A nation typically sends 80% of its outgoing traffic to 4 nations These nations typically absorb between 5 to 90% of the traffic (average 35%), each All the other nations (109) absorb under 5%
  • 7. Data cntd. Node attributes: cultural afilliation (linguistic): rated civilizational affiliation (religious): percentage 4 linguistic and 4 civilizational areals English French Arabic Spanish Protestant Catholic Islamic Buddhist-Hindu
  • 8. Statistical Analysis Spatial correlation (Moran’s I) Measures likelihood of countries that have high values on certain attributes to be surrounded by nations that are like them
  • 9. Global Moran’s I Global version: what is the magnitude of spatial association in the entire dataset? 0 - 1: Countries are systematically surrounded by nations with similar values on the key attribute -1 - 0: Countries are systematically surrounded by nations with dissimilar values on the key attribute 0: No association
  • 10. Results: Global values Global Moran’s I values increase for all, except one areal, Arabic Value increases are significant (t-test for paired samples), except for the Islamic areal There is an increasing tendency of countries that are similar culturally or civilizationally to cluster together in telecommunicative space
  • 11. Discussion Evidence for heterogenization Nations more likely to be surrounded by their civilizational peers
  • 12. Conclusion Space can be viewed as a set of communicative ties These ties differ from geographic ties We can use this paradigm for any other situation that involves a social and a physical network