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VOCALMUSIC OF
THE ROMANTIC
PERIOD
Music 9 – 4th Quarter
Composers interpret poems, mood, atmosphere and
imagery into music.
Romantic artists found inspiration in landscapes.
Their subjects were traditional myths, legends and
folklore usually dealing with the supernatural,
grotesque, and less ordinary.
Vocal music in this period require singers to perform a
greater range of tone color, dynamics and pitch.
Opera became an important source of musical
expressions.
The birth of the opera houses came.
COMPOSERS OF VOCAL
MUSIC
ROMANTIC PERIOD
Franz Peter
Schubert
 Schubert was born on the 31st of January
1797 in Himmelpfortgrund, Austria
 The proper name for Franz Schubert songs
is lieder, which is the German word for
song.
 He is considered the last of the classical
composers and one of the first romantic
ones.
 His famous vocal music works/ Lieder
were: “Gretchen am Spinnrade”, “Erlkonig”,
“Ellens Gesang III” (“Ave Maria”) and
“Schwanenge sang” (“Swan Song”).
 He also wrote piano pieces, string quartets,
operetta and the Symphony No.8 in B
minor (“Unfinished Symphony”)
 He died in 1828 in Vienna, Austria at 31.
Giuseppe Verdi
 Verdi was born in Parma, Italy on October
9, 1813.
 He studied in Busseto and later went to
Milan where his first opera “Oberto” was
performed in La Scala, the most
important opera house at the time.
 His final opera ends with “All the world’s
a joke.”
 His famous works are La Traviata,
ftigoletto, Falstaff, Otello and Aida were
he wrote for the opening of the Suez
Canal.
 Expressive vocal melody is the soul of a
Verdi opera.
 He died in Milan, Italy on January
27,1901.
Giacomo
Puccini
 Giacomo Puccini was born in a
poor family on December 22, 1858
in Lucca, Italy.
 He studied at the Milan
Conservatory.
 He belonged to a group of
composers who stressed realism,
therefore, he drew material from
everyday life, rejecting heroic
themes from mythology and
history.
 Puccini’s famous operas were: “La
Boheme”, “Tosca”, “Madame
Butterfly”, and “Turandot”.
Wilhelm ftichard
Wagner
 Wilhelm ftichard Wagner was born
in Leipzig, Germany on May 22, 1813.
 He was very much inspired by
Ludwig van Beethoven.
 Wagner introduced new ideas in
harmony and in form, including
extremes of chromaticism.
 He was an advocate of a new form of
opera which he called “music
drama” where musical and dramatic
elements were fused together.
 The expressiveness is aided by the
use of “leitmotifs” or musical
sequences standing for a particular
character/plot element.
Wilhelm ftichard
Wagner  His famous works are; Tristan
and Isolde, Die Walkure, Die
Meistersinger, Tannhauser and
Parsifal.
His work would later influence
modern film scores, including
those of the Harry Potter and
Lord of the ftings film series.
 Wagner died of a heart attack on
February 13,1883 at age of 69.
Georges Bizet
registered with the legal
name Alexandre-Cesar-
Leopold Bizet, but was
baptized Georges Bizet
He was born October 25, 1838
in Paris, France.
Bizet became famous for his
operas.
His most famous opera is
“Carmen”.
Bizet died (June 3, 1875). He
was only 36.
ROMANTIC OPERA
ROMANTIC PERIOD
OPERA
■ became increasingly popular during the romantic
period.
■ It is a story (libretto) told by the composers through
music while using the words of the librettist. They work
closely together to tell the story.
■ The book that the composer and librettist put together is
called a score.
■ The score has all the musical notes, words and ideas to
help the performers tell the story.
COMPONENTS
of
OPERA
Components:
the texts of an
opera.
Librettist and the
composer work
closely together to
tell the story.
Libretto
Components: the book that the
composer and librettist
put together.
has all the musical
notes, words and ideas
to help the performers
tell the story.
Often, there are operas
with overtures,
preludes, prologues,
several acts, finales and
postludes.
Score
Components:
Declamatory singing, used
in the prose parts and
dialogue of opera.
Different roles in operas
are created taking into
account different types of
voices.
Each role requires a
different type of singer,
not only able to sing a
given vocal range but also
with certain voice
characteristics, color and
power.
ftecitative
Components:
Declamatory singing, used
in the prose parts and
dialogue of opera.
Different roles in operas
are created taking into
account different types of
voices.
Each role requires a
different type of singer,
not only able to sing a
given vocal range but also
with certain voice
characteristics, color and
power.
Aria
Components: an air or solo singing
part that the public will
remember best when
leaving the opera
house.
Properly and well sung,
a beautiful aria can
bring an audience to its
feet and decide the fate
of an entire opera.
Aria
Components:
Main division
of an opera
Acts
Components:
Setting or place
Scene
OTHER
COMPONENTS:
■ Duet, trio, and other small
ensemble
■ Chorus
■ Orchestra
VOICE
CLASSIFICATIONS
highest male voice
Middle male voice, lies
between Bass and
Tenor voices. It is the
common male voice.
lowest male voice
For MALE
Tenor
Baritone
Bass
For FEMALE
highest female voice
most common female voice;
strong middle voice, tone is
darker or deeper than the
soprano
lowest female voice and
most unique among female
Soprano
Mezzo
Soprano
Contralto
MUSICAL TERMS
one or more
singers performing
without
instrumental
accompaniment
ACapella
Singing style
Cantabille
Head, the
beginning
Capo
Closing section
appended to a
movement or
song
Coda
sweetly
Dolce
Aweaker and
more airy voice
usually in the
higher pitch
ranges
Falsetto
Sliding quickly
between two
notes
Glissando
Parts of singing
voice where
register
transition occur
Passagio
Slight speeding
up or slowing
down of the
tempo of a piece
at the discretion
of the soloist
ftubato
Most
comfortable
singing range of
a singer
Tessitura
Rapidly
repeated slight
pitch variation
during a
sustained note
Vibrato

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Music 9 - 4th quarter - Vocal Music of the Romantic Period.pptx

  • 2. Composers interpret poems, mood, atmosphere and imagery into music. Romantic artists found inspiration in landscapes. Their subjects were traditional myths, legends and folklore usually dealing with the supernatural, grotesque, and less ordinary. Vocal music in this period require singers to perform a greater range of tone color, dynamics and pitch. Opera became an important source of musical expressions. The birth of the opera houses came.
  • 4. Franz Peter Schubert  Schubert was born on the 31st of January 1797 in Himmelpfortgrund, Austria  The proper name for Franz Schubert songs is lieder, which is the German word for song.  He is considered the last of the classical composers and one of the first romantic ones.  His famous vocal music works/ Lieder were: “Gretchen am Spinnrade”, “Erlkonig”, “Ellens Gesang III” (“Ave Maria”) and “Schwanenge sang” (“Swan Song”).  He also wrote piano pieces, string quartets, operetta and the Symphony No.8 in B minor (“Unfinished Symphony”)  He died in 1828 in Vienna, Austria at 31.
  • 5. Giuseppe Verdi  Verdi was born in Parma, Italy on October 9, 1813.  He studied in Busseto and later went to Milan where his first opera “Oberto” was performed in La Scala, the most important opera house at the time.  His final opera ends with “All the world’s a joke.”  His famous works are La Traviata, ftigoletto, Falstaff, Otello and Aida were he wrote for the opening of the Suez Canal.  Expressive vocal melody is the soul of a Verdi opera.  He died in Milan, Italy on January 27,1901.
  • 6. Giacomo Puccini  Giacomo Puccini was born in a poor family on December 22, 1858 in Lucca, Italy.  He studied at the Milan Conservatory.  He belonged to a group of composers who stressed realism, therefore, he drew material from everyday life, rejecting heroic themes from mythology and history.  Puccini’s famous operas were: “La Boheme”, “Tosca”, “Madame Butterfly”, and “Turandot”.
  • 7. Wilhelm ftichard Wagner  Wilhelm ftichard Wagner was born in Leipzig, Germany on May 22, 1813.  He was very much inspired by Ludwig van Beethoven.  Wagner introduced new ideas in harmony and in form, including extremes of chromaticism.  He was an advocate of a new form of opera which he called “music drama” where musical and dramatic elements were fused together.  The expressiveness is aided by the use of “leitmotifs” or musical sequences standing for a particular character/plot element.
  • 8. Wilhelm ftichard Wagner  His famous works are; Tristan and Isolde, Die Walkure, Die Meistersinger, Tannhauser and Parsifal. His work would later influence modern film scores, including those of the Harry Potter and Lord of the ftings film series.  Wagner died of a heart attack on February 13,1883 at age of 69.
  • 9. Georges Bizet registered with the legal name Alexandre-Cesar- Leopold Bizet, but was baptized Georges Bizet He was born October 25, 1838 in Paris, France. Bizet became famous for his operas. His most famous opera is “Carmen”. Bizet died (June 3, 1875). He was only 36.
  • 11. OPERA ■ became increasingly popular during the romantic period. ■ It is a story (libretto) told by the composers through music while using the words of the librettist. They work closely together to tell the story. ■ The book that the composer and librettist put together is called a score. ■ The score has all the musical notes, words and ideas to help the performers tell the story.
  • 13. Components: the texts of an opera. Librettist and the composer work closely together to tell the story. Libretto
  • 14. Components: the book that the composer and librettist put together. has all the musical notes, words and ideas to help the performers tell the story. Often, there are operas with overtures, preludes, prologues, several acts, finales and postludes. Score
  • 15. Components: Declamatory singing, used in the prose parts and dialogue of opera. Different roles in operas are created taking into account different types of voices. Each role requires a different type of singer, not only able to sing a given vocal range but also with certain voice characteristics, color and power. ftecitative
  • 16. Components: Declamatory singing, used in the prose parts and dialogue of opera. Different roles in operas are created taking into account different types of voices. Each role requires a different type of singer, not only able to sing a given vocal range but also with certain voice characteristics, color and power. Aria
  • 17. Components: an air or solo singing part that the public will remember best when leaving the opera house. Properly and well sung, a beautiful aria can bring an audience to its feet and decide the fate of an entire opera. Aria
  • 20. OTHER COMPONENTS: ■ Duet, trio, and other small ensemble ■ Chorus ■ Orchestra
  • 22. highest male voice Middle male voice, lies between Bass and Tenor voices. It is the common male voice. lowest male voice For MALE Tenor Baritone Bass
  • 23. For FEMALE highest female voice most common female voice; strong middle voice, tone is darker or deeper than the soprano lowest female voice and most unique among female Soprano Mezzo Soprano Contralto
  • 25. one or more singers performing without instrumental accompaniment ACapella
  • 28. Closing section appended to a movement or song Coda
  • 30. Aweaker and more airy voice usually in the higher pitch ranges Falsetto
  • 32. Parts of singing voice where register transition occur Passagio
  • 33. Slight speeding up or slowing down of the tempo of a piece at the discretion of the soloist ftubato