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MOUNT ABU – ECO 
SENSITIVE ZONE 
planning legislation 
1 
Planning legislation | 5th Sem | B.Planning | SPAV 
Phanindra | Fharooq | Prithivi | Saketh | Maaz Ali | Rohit 
Patil |Sreekanth | Vinit | Chaitanya | Biju |
Introduction to the case study 
• The Eco-sensitive Zone is situated in 
the southern area of Rajasthan in 
Sirohi. Configuration of land is hilly 
and rugged with high altitudinal 
variation ranging from 300 meter to 
1727 meter. 
Rajasthan 
Mount Abu 
Mount Abu area has significant ecological 
importance comprising of tropical dry 
deciduous forests at lower altitude and 
evergreen forests at higher altitude and the 
flora and fauna of the region comprise of 
several endemic and rare species; besides 
Mount Abu has natural heritage such as 
Nakki Lake and man-made heritage like 
Dilwara temples and other heritage 
buildings and structures. 
District between 24o 33` 42`` and 24o 39` 00`` North latitude and 
between 72o 41` 36``and 72o 48` 06`` East longitude 2
3 
Need and purpose of 
the case study 
Map showing eco-sensitive 
zone 
• Irregular tourist inflow. 
• Area became out of bounds 
for mining. 
• Protecting the area form 
further ecological 
degradation caused by rapid 
urbanization. 
 Hill stations are under acute anthropogenic pressure 
 After a long battle for seven year MOUNT ABU is declared as eco sensitive 
zone 
 Steps have been taken to project bio-diversity in the region, particularly 
in sanctuary spread over 228sqkm. 
Mount Abu is now officially declared an eco-sensitive zone by Government Of 
India to preserve its natural beauty, despite strong objections by local 
community the notification finally got passed by GOVERNMENT OF 
INDIA - MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS on 25 July 
2009, the notification clearly states limiting traffic and banning use of plastic 
bags among other things in and around the notified area of Mount Abu Eco- 
Sensitive Zone
4 
Nakki Lake 
Natural Heritage: 
Mount Abu has natural sites such as Nakki Lake, Toad rock, rock formations, 
waterfalls, pools, springs, gorges, groves, caves, points, walks, etc., and plans 
for their conservation in their natural setting shall be incorporated in the 
Zonal Master Plan and Sub-Zonal Master Plan and strict guidelines shall be 
drawn up by the State Government to discourage construction activities at or 
near these sites including under the garb of providing tourist facilities and all 
the general pool reserve areas in the Zone shall be reserved. 
Toad rock waterfalls caves
5 
Dilwara Temples 
Man-made Heritage: 
Mount Abu is famous for several temples, the most prominent being Dilwara 
Temples and the main heritage and historical buildings. The plans for their 
conservation shall be prepared and incorporated in the Zonal and Sub-Zonal 
Master Plan and the development or construction activities at or around the 
heritage sites shall be regulated under the statutory provisions of the 
Rajasthan Monuments, Archaeological Sites and Antiquities Act and in 
accordance with the Draft Model Regulations for Conservation of Natural and 
Manmade Heritage Sites formulated by the Central Government in the Ministry 
of Environment and Forests in 1995. 
Achalgarh Fort 
Adinath Temple 
Parshwanath Temple
Zonal master plan of MOUNT ABU 
eco sensitive zone 
Supreme Court Orders 
 first in year 2011 it related to 
Constitutional Validity of 
Mount Abu ESA 
 Extract of the Judgment of 
the National Green Tribunal 
in 2011 related to the 
diversion of forest land in 
favour of Vishnugad- 
Pipalkoti HEP in 
Uttarakhand 
6
The following activities are to be regulated in the Eco-sensitive 
Zone: 
A zonal master plan is being prepared by the state government by the 
involvement of Following 
1. State Departments of Environment, 
2. Forest Department, 
3. Urban Development Department, 
4. Tourism Department, 
5. Municipal Department, 
6. Revenue Department 
7. Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board for integrating 
environmental and ecological considerations into it. 
The area within and outside Mount Abu Municipal Council area shall 
have separate Sub-zonal Master Plans which may be prepared by the 
State Government as a component of the Zonal Master Plan which will 
be submitted for approval to the Ministry of Environment and Forests. 
The Zonal Master Plan shall also identify and demarcate the maximum 
expansion area of the village settlements and of Mount Abu Town. 
7
8 
Industrial Units 
Only non-polluting, non-hazardous cottage industries like ice cream, hosiery, 
embroidery on readymade garments, sewing works, ayurvedic drugs, etc. 
situated in the villages in the Notified area and service industries, 
agriculture, floriculture, horticulture or agro-based industries producing 
products from Mount Abu shall be permitted as per the guidelines drawn by 
the Government of Rajasthan. 
Quarrying and Mining: 
• The Quarrying and Mining activities shall be restricted in the Eco-sensitive 
Zone. 
• The Monitoring Committee shall have the authority to grant special 
permission for limited quarrying of materials required for the construction 
of local residential housing and traditional road making and maintenance 
work in Mount Abu, based on site evaluation. 
• No quarrying shall be permitted on steep hill slopes with a gradient of 20 
degrees or more or areas with a high degree of erosion, or on forestland.
Tourism Activities 
•Tourism Master Plan to be prepared by the Department of Tourism of the 
Rajasthan State Government. 
•Tourism master plan will be the component of Zonal master Plan 
•It should carry study of the Eco-Sensitive Zone. 
•Activities shall be permitted only within the parameters of this Tourism 
•Master Plan should provide parameters for :- 
1. All new tourism activities, 
2. Development for tourism 
3. Expansion of existing tourism 
Mount Abu has natural sites such as Nakki Lake, Toad rock, rock 
formations, waterfalls, pools, springs, gorges, groves, caves, points, walks, 
etc., and plans for their conservation in their natural setting shall be 
incorporated in the Zonal Master Plan and Sub-Zonal Master Plan and 
strict guidelines shall be drawn up by the State Government to discourage 
construction activities at or near these sites including under the garb of 
providing tourist facilities and all the general pool reserve areas in the 
Zone shall be reserved. 
9
10
11 
Regulations for preservation of nature 
WA T E R 
• All future and existing buildings, where possible, in the Municipal Area shall 
provide roof-top rain water harvesting structures. 
• No sale of ground water shall be permitted except with the prior approval of 
the State Ground Water Department 
U S E OF P L A S T I C S 
• No person shall use plastic 
carry bags within the notified 
area. 
DE V E LOP EMNT ON A ND P ROT E C T ION OF 
HI L L S LOP S 
• The Zonal Master Plan shall indicate areas on hill slopes where 
development shall not be permitted. 
• No development shall be undertaken in areas having a steep slope or areas 
which fall in fault or hazard zones or areas falling.
12 
DI S CHA RGE OF S EWA GE 
• No untreated sewage or effluent shall be permitted to 
be discharged into any water body or forests within 
the Eco-sensitive 
• Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 
1974. 
SOL ID WA S T E 
• The solid waste disposal shall be carried out as per 
the provisions of the Municipal Solid Waste 
(Management and Handling) Rules, 2000. 
• Segregation of solid wastes into biodegradable 
and non biodegradable components. 
R E S T R I C I T ION I N E N C ROA CHMENT 
• All the existing encroachments within the Eco-sensitive Zone including the 
forest area shall be identified and necessary action shall be taken against such 
encroachments 
• Provisions of the State Grant Act, 1961 
Note: “solid wastes” shall include domestic, industrial commercial and garden wastes.
Monitoring committee 
(1) a representative of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, 
Government of India; 
(2) senior Town Planner of the Area; 
(3) one expert, on the Eco-sensitive Zones nominated by Government of 
India; 
(4) two local residents / people knowledgeable about the region to be 
nominated by the Government of India. 
(5) two representatives of Non-governmental Organizations working in the 
field of environment (including heritage conservation) to be nominated by 
the Government of India; 
(6) Assistant Director (Tourism), Mount Abu; 
(7) Regional Officer, Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board, Pali; 
(8) Deputy Conservator of Forests (Wild Life), Mount Abu; 
(9) the District Collector, Sirohi as the Member Secretary. 
In case of activities requiring prior permission or environmental clearance, 
such activities shall be referred to the State Level Environment Impact 
Assessment Authority, which shall be the Competent Authority for grant of 
such clearances. 
The Monitoring Committee may also invite the representatives or experts 
from concerned Departments or Associations to assist in its deliberations 
depending on the requirement of the issues. 
13
Conservation of Mount Abu 
 Restoration of denuded areas 
 Conservation of existing water bodies 
including nakki lake 
 Management of the catchment areas 
 Watershed management 
 Groundwater management 
 Soil and moisture conservation 
 Needs of local community and 
conservation of heritage sites 
14 
Upper Kodra dam 
All new constructions shall be allowed only after the proposals are scrutinized and 
approved by the monitoring committee and all other development activities, 
including alterations in buildings, shall require prior approval of the committee 
provided that these do not involve structural changes and are on the existing 
authorized plinth areas in the Mount Abu municipal limits. 
The area has three big water bodies namely Upper Kodra dam, Lower Kodra dam 
and Nakki Lake and in addition to this the area has around 25 water places, which 
include natural nullah, dams, anicuts, seepage and baoris that are spread over 
entire area and must be protected. No person shall use plastic carry bags within 
the notified area.
15 
Thank you… 
Reference: 
http://www.mountabu.com/uploads/mount-abu.pdf

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Mount abu - ECO SENSITIVE ZONE

  • 1. MOUNT ABU – ECO SENSITIVE ZONE planning legislation 1 Planning legislation | 5th Sem | B.Planning | SPAV Phanindra | Fharooq | Prithivi | Saketh | Maaz Ali | Rohit Patil |Sreekanth | Vinit | Chaitanya | Biju |
  • 2. Introduction to the case study • The Eco-sensitive Zone is situated in the southern area of Rajasthan in Sirohi. Configuration of land is hilly and rugged with high altitudinal variation ranging from 300 meter to 1727 meter. Rajasthan Mount Abu Mount Abu area has significant ecological importance comprising of tropical dry deciduous forests at lower altitude and evergreen forests at higher altitude and the flora and fauna of the region comprise of several endemic and rare species; besides Mount Abu has natural heritage such as Nakki Lake and man-made heritage like Dilwara temples and other heritage buildings and structures. District between 24o 33` 42`` and 24o 39` 00`` North latitude and between 72o 41` 36``and 72o 48` 06`` East longitude 2
  • 3. 3 Need and purpose of the case study Map showing eco-sensitive zone • Irregular tourist inflow. • Area became out of bounds for mining. • Protecting the area form further ecological degradation caused by rapid urbanization.  Hill stations are under acute anthropogenic pressure  After a long battle for seven year MOUNT ABU is declared as eco sensitive zone  Steps have been taken to project bio-diversity in the region, particularly in sanctuary spread over 228sqkm. Mount Abu is now officially declared an eco-sensitive zone by Government Of India to preserve its natural beauty, despite strong objections by local community the notification finally got passed by GOVERNMENT OF INDIA - MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS on 25 July 2009, the notification clearly states limiting traffic and banning use of plastic bags among other things in and around the notified area of Mount Abu Eco- Sensitive Zone
  • 4. 4 Nakki Lake Natural Heritage: Mount Abu has natural sites such as Nakki Lake, Toad rock, rock formations, waterfalls, pools, springs, gorges, groves, caves, points, walks, etc., and plans for their conservation in their natural setting shall be incorporated in the Zonal Master Plan and Sub-Zonal Master Plan and strict guidelines shall be drawn up by the State Government to discourage construction activities at or near these sites including under the garb of providing tourist facilities and all the general pool reserve areas in the Zone shall be reserved. Toad rock waterfalls caves
  • 5. 5 Dilwara Temples Man-made Heritage: Mount Abu is famous for several temples, the most prominent being Dilwara Temples and the main heritage and historical buildings. The plans for their conservation shall be prepared and incorporated in the Zonal and Sub-Zonal Master Plan and the development or construction activities at or around the heritage sites shall be regulated under the statutory provisions of the Rajasthan Monuments, Archaeological Sites and Antiquities Act and in accordance with the Draft Model Regulations for Conservation of Natural and Manmade Heritage Sites formulated by the Central Government in the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1995. Achalgarh Fort Adinath Temple Parshwanath Temple
  • 6. Zonal master plan of MOUNT ABU eco sensitive zone Supreme Court Orders  first in year 2011 it related to Constitutional Validity of Mount Abu ESA  Extract of the Judgment of the National Green Tribunal in 2011 related to the diversion of forest land in favour of Vishnugad- Pipalkoti HEP in Uttarakhand 6
  • 7. The following activities are to be regulated in the Eco-sensitive Zone: A zonal master plan is being prepared by the state government by the involvement of Following 1. State Departments of Environment, 2. Forest Department, 3. Urban Development Department, 4. Tourism Department, 5. Municipal Department, 6. Revenue Department 7. Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board for integrating environmental and ecological considerations into it. The area within and outside Mount Abu Municipal Council area shall have separate Sub-zonal Master Plans which may be prepared by the State Government as a component of the Zonal Master Plan which will be submitted for approval to the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The Zonal Master Plan shall also identify and demarcate the maximum expansion area of the village settlements and of Mount Abu Town. 7
  • 8. 8 Industrial Units Only non-polluting, non-hazardous cottage industries like ice cream, hosiery, embroidery on readymade garments, sewing works, ayurvedic drugs, etc. situated in the villages in the Notified area and service industries, agriculture, floriculture, horticulture or agro-based industries producing products from Mount Abu shall be permitted as per the guidelines drawn by the Government of Rajasthan. Quarrying and Mining: • The Quarrying and Mining activities shall be restricted in the Eco-sensitive Zone. • The Monitoring Committee shall have the authority to grant special permission for limited quarrying of materials required for the construction of local residential housing and traditional road making and maintenance work in Mount Abu, based on site evaluation. • No quarrying shall be permitted on steep hill slopes with a gradient of 20 degrees or more or areas with a high degree of erosion, or on forestland.
  • 9. Tourism Activities •Tourism Master Plan to be prepared by the Department of Tourism of the Rajasthan State Government. •Tourism master plan will be the component of Zonal master Plan •It should carry study of the Eco-Sensitive Zone. •Activities shall be permitted only within the parameters of this Tourism •Master Plan should provide parameters for :- 1. All new tourism activities, 2. Development for tourism 3. Expansion of existing tourism Mount Abu has natural sites such as Nakki Lake, Toad rock, rock formations, waterfalls, pools, springs, gorges, groves, caves, points, walks, etc., and plans for their conservation in their natural setting shall be incorporated in the Zonal Master Plan and Sub-Zonal Master Plan and strict guidelines shall be drawn up by the State Government to discourage construction activities at or near these sites including under the garb of providing tourist facilities and all the general pool reserve areas in the Zone shall be reserved. 9
  • 10. 10
  • 11. 11 Regulations for preservation of nature WA T E R • All future and existing buildings, where possible, in the Municipal Area shall provide roof-top rain water harvesting structures. • No sale of ground water shall be permitted except with the prior approval of the State Ground Water Department U S E OF P L A S T I C S • No person shall use plastic carry bags within the notified area. DE V E LOP EMNT ON A ND P ROT E C T ION OF HI L L S LOP S • The Zonal Master Plan shall indicate areas on hill slopes where development shall not be permitted. • No development shall be undertaken in areas having a steep slope or areas which fall in fault or hazard zones or areas falling.
  • 12. 12 DI S CHA RGE OF S EWA GE • No untreated sewage or effluent shall be permitted to be discharged into any water body or forests within the Eco-sensitive • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. SOL ID WA S T E • The solid waste disposal shall be carried out as per the provisions of the Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000. • Segregation of solid wastes into biodegradable and non biodegradable components. R E S T R I C I T ION I N E N C ROA CHMENT • All the existing encroachments within the Eco-sensitive Zone including the forest area shall be identified and necessary action shall be taken against such encroachments • Provisions of the State Grant Act, 1961 Note: “solid wastes” shall include domestic, industrial commercial and garden wastes.
  • 13. Monitoring committee (1) a representative of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India; (2) senior Town Planner of the Area; (3) one expert, on the Eco-sensitive Zones nominated by Government of India; (4) two local residents / people knowledgeable about the region to be nominated by the Government of India. (5) two representatives of Non-governmental Organizations working in the field of environment (including heritage conservation) to be nominated by the Government of India; (6) Assistant Director (Tourism), Mount Abu; (7) Regional Officer, Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board, Pali; (8) Deputy Conservator of Forests (Wild Life), Mount Abu; (9) the District Collector, Sirohi as the Member Secretary. In case of activities requiring prior permission or environmental clearance, such activities shall be referred to the State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority, which shall be the Competent Authority for grant of such clearances. The Monitoring Committee may also invite the representatives or experts from concerned Departments or Associations to assist in its deliberations depending on the requirement of the issues. 13
  • 14. Conservation of Mount Abu  Restoration of denuded areas  Conservation of existing water bodies including nakki lake  Management of the catchment areas  Watershed management  Groundwater management  Soil and moisture conservation  Needs of local community and conservation of heritage sites 14 Upper Kodra dam All new constructions shall be allowed only after the proposals are scrutinized and approved by the monitoring committee and all other development activities, including alterations in buildings, shall require prior approval of the committee provided that these do not involve structural changes and are on the existing authorized plinth areas in the Mount Abu municipal limits. The area has three big water bodies namely Upper Kodra dam, Lower Kodra dam and Nakki Lake and in addition to this the area has around 25 water places, which include natural nullah, dams, anicuts, seepage and baoris that are spread over entire area and must be protected. No person shall use plastic carry bags within the notified area.
  • 15. 15 Thank you… Reference: http://www.mountabu.com/uploads/mount-abu.pdf