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In the Iberian 
Peninsula 
MOST RECENT 
DISCOVERIES ABOUT 
PREHISTORY 
Mónica Palasanu 2º bach
TOLEDO 
◼Archaeologists Juan Manuel Rojas and Alejandro Vicente found a 
vessel, which was buried at 25 cm depth in a excavation in Toledo . It 
was found standing. 
◼The vessel is big, its size is 75 cm high and 1.5 cm thick and it is in 
very good conditions. 
◼It seems to be from the Bronze Age. 
◼In the same excavation the archeologists found other smaller objects 
like a casserole, a pout, which were used in the kitchen in this period 
(1,800-1,700B.C)
ATAPUERCA 
◼The Sima de los Huesos has a sock size. This gap acted as a natural 
trap for bears which went in to the cave winter . 
◼In this place Arsuaga and his team found a pile of bones. These 
bones are fossils of bears. 
◼In 2014 the Atapuerca team found more than 200 hominids fossils.
Juan Luis Arsuaga descending into Sima de los Huesos site, for 
what he needs to use a 15 m ladder
ATAPUERCA 
◼ In the Sima de los Huesos archaeologists have found seven new 
skulls with an antiquity of 434, 000 years. 
◼ These fossils give us a lot of information about the origin and 
evolution of Neanderthals. 
◼ 500,000 year ago a maternal aunt of the Neanderthals was located 
in the Iberian Peninsula, in the Sima de los Huesos. 
◼ This means that there was more than one human species living at 
the same time in the Iberian Peninsula. 
◼ Our species and the Neandertals lived together a lot of years ago.
◼ The cave contains the most aged cave paintings at least 40,800 
years of antiquity. 
◼ To know the antiquity of these cave paintings the experts analyzed 
the minerals like uranium and calcium which were above the 
paintings. 
◼ With this information we can think that these paintings were made by 
the Neanderthals who were living in the Iberian Peninsula 40,000 
years ago. 
◼ These makes us think and to compare the Neanderthals’ art with our 
art. 
El Castillo Cave
Gibraltar 
◼ In Gorham’s Cave in Gibraltar archeologists have found the first 
abstract engraving that Neanderthals made intentionally . 
◼ It’s an engraving made on a small rock of 300 cm2 
◼ SEveral crossed and parallel lines were drawn at right angles on the 
floor of the cave that was inhabited by Neanderthals. 
◼ That means that cognitive abilities of Neanderthals have been 
undervalued by paleontologists for decades. 
◼ Neanderthals had an abstract thought, similar to the Homo Sapiens.
Sources 
◼ http://www.abc.es/toledo/ciudad/20140914/abci-hallan-vasija-edad-bronce-201409142037.html 
◼ http://elpais.com/elpais/2014/08/20/eps/1408535436_570793.html 
◼ http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2014/06/19/actualidad/1403197173_091117.html 
◼ http://nationalgeographic.es/noticias/ciencia/mundos-prehistoricos/pinturas-mas-antiguas 
◼ http://www.elmundo.es/ciencia/2014/09/01/5404ad8de2704e490f8b458e.html

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Most recent discoveries about Prehistory in Spain

  • 1. In the Iberian Peninsula MOST RECENT DISCOVERIES ABOUT PREHISTORY Mónica Palasanu 2º bach
  • 2. TOLEDO ◼Archaeologists Juan Manuel Rojas and Alejandro Vicente found a vessel, which was buried at 25 cm depth in a excavation in Toledo . It was found standing. ◼The vessel is big, its size is 75 cm high and 1.5 cm thick and it is in very good conditions. ◼It seems to be from the Bronze Age. ◼In the same excavation the archeologists found other smaller objects like a casserole, a pout, which were used in the kitchen in this period (1,800-1,700B.C)
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  • 4. ATAPUERCA ◼The Sima de los Huesos has a sock size. This gap acted as a natural trap for bears which went in to the cave winter . ◼In this place Arsuaga and his team found a pile of bones. These bones are fossils of bears. ◼In 2014 the Atapuerca team found more than 200 hominids fossils.
  • 5. Juan Luis Arsuaga descending into Sima de los Huesos site, for what he needs to use a 15 m ladder
  • 6. ATAPUERCA ◼ In the Sima de los Huesos archaeologists have found seven new skulls with an antiquity of 434, 000 years. ◼ These fossils give us a lot of information about the origin and evolution of Neanderthals. ◼ 500,000 year ago a maternal aunt of the Neanderthals was located in the Iberian Peninsula, in the Sima de los Huesos. ◼ This means that there was more than one human species living at the same time in the Iberian Peninsula. ◼ Our species and the Neandertals lived together a lot of years ago.
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  • 8. ◼ The cave contains the most aged cave paintings at least 40,800 years of antiquity. ◼ To know the antiquity of these cave paintings the experts analyzed the minerals like uranium and calcium which were above the paintings. ◼ With this information we can think that these paintings were made by the Neanderthals who were living in the Iberian Peninsula 40,000 years ago. ◼ These makes us think and to compare the Neanderthals’ art with our art. El Castillo Cave
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  • 10. Gibraltar ◼ In Gorham’s Cave in Gibraltar archeologists have found the first abstract engraving that Neanderthals made intentionally . ◼ It’s an engraving made on a small rock of 300 cm2 ◼ SEveral crossed and parallel lines were drawn at right angles on the floor of the cave that was inhabited by Neanderthals. ◼ That means that cognitive abilities of Neanderthals have been undervalued by paleontologists for decades. ◼ Neanderthals had an abstract thought, similar to the Homo Sapiens.
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  • 12. Sources ◼ http://www.abc.es/toledo/ciudad/20140914/abci-hallan-vasija-edad-bronce-201409142037.html ◼ http://elpais.com/elpais/2014/08/20/eps/1408535436_570793.html ◼ http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2014/06/19/actualidad/1403197173_091117.html ◼ http://nationalgeographic.es/noticias/ciencia/mundos-prehistoricos/pinturas-mas-antiguas ◼ http://www.elmundo.es/ciencia/2014/09/01/5404ad8de2704e490f8b458e.html