SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 4
Download to read offline
Morality in Phenomenological
Structuralism
Paul C Mocombe*
USA
Introduction
ThisworkexploresthenatureofmoralitywithinPaulCMocombe’sstructurationisttheory
of phenomenological structuralism. The author posits that morality or moral standards are
associated with the linguistic and ideological desires power and power positions of those
who control the resources and mode of production of a material resource framework via
their language, ideology, ideological apparatuses, and communicative discourse i.e., social
class language game. Its moral practices and statements constitute a part of the superverse/
multiverse as phenomenal properties of subatomic particles once disaggregated as lived
experience. This does not mean that morality is universal; instead, it is contingent upon the
material resource framework and the evolutionary stage of consciousness development as
constituted in the framework [1-10].
Background of the problem
Paul C. Mocombe’s 2018, 2019 structurationist theory of phenomenological
structuralism, in keeping with the logic of structurationist sociology, assumes practical
activity and consciousness, i.e., practical consciousness, to be the basis for understanding
human behavior and consciousness in the world. Consciousness here refers to subjective
awareness of phenomenal experiences ideology, language, self, feelings, choice, control
of voluntary behavior, thoughts, etc. of internal and external worlds and the actions they
engender. The academic literature describes three possibilities regarding the origin and
place of consciousness in the universe: A as an emergent property of complex brain neuronal
computation, B as spiritual quality of the universe, distinct from purely physical actions,
and C as composed of discrete ‘proto-conscious’ events acting in accordance with physical
laws not yet fully understood Hameroff [10]. The latter position, C, represents the ORCH-OR
orchestrated objective reduction theory of stuart Hameroff [10], which includes aspects of
A and B, and posits that consciousness consists of discrete moments, each an ‘orchestrated’
quantum-computational process terminated by an action objective reduction or OR, rooted
in quantum aspects of the fine structure of space-time geometry, this being coupled to brain
neuronal processes via microtubules pg. 70. In this view, the understanding is that a proto-
conscious experience existed in the universe, panpsychism, and as a result of emergent
structures of the brain it proto-conscious experience, psychion became embodied and evolved
as a result of quantum neuronal computations of brains [11-25].
Crimson Publishers
Wings to the Research
Review Article
*Corresponding author: Paul C
Mocombe, 	 The Mocombeian
Foundation, Inc, USA
Submission: May 21, 2019
Published: May 24, 2019
Volume 1 - Issue 3
How to cite this article: Paul C M. Morality
in Phenomenological Structuralism. Int J
Conf Proc.1(3). ICP.000514.2019.
Copyright@ Paul C Mocombe, This
article is distributed under the terms of
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License, which permits
unrestricted use and redistribution
provided that the original author and
source are credited.
1
Integrative Journal of Conference Proceedings
Abstract
This work explores the nature of morality within Paul C Mocombe’s structurationist theory of
phenomenological structuralism. The author posits that morality or moral standards are associated with
the linguistic and ideological desires power and power positions of those who control the resources
and mode of production of a material resource framework via their language, ideology, ideological
apparatuses, and communicative discourse i.e., social class language game. Its moral practices and
statements constitute a part of the superverse/multiverse as phenomenal properties of subatomic
particles once disaggregated as lived experience. This does not mean that morality is universal; instead,
it is contingent upon the material resource framework and the evolutionary stage of consciousness
development as constituted in the framework.
Keywords: Structurationism; Praxis; Panpsychism; Social class language game; Phenomenological
structuralism; ORCH-OR theory
2
Int J Conf Proc Copyright © Paul C Mocombe
ICP.MS.ID.000514. 1(3).2019
Theory and Methods
Paul [26-29] structurationist sociology, phenomenological
structuralism, which attempts to resolve the structure/agency
problematic of the social sciences, builds on the ORCH-OR
theory and panpsychism of Hameroff [10], while holding on to
the multiverse hypothesis of quantum mechanics and Haitian
ontology/epistemology, which the authors reject because it is not
a more down-to-earth view point Hameroff [10]. For Mocombe
[26-29] quantum superposition, entanglement, and evidence in
Haitian vodou of spirit possession, which represent ancestors
from a parallel world, Vilokan, of the earth’s of which we ought
to pattern our behaviors and structures, are grounding proofs
for the acceptance of the multiple worlds hypothesis of quantum
mechanics. Within the latter hypothesis, the understanding is that
each possibility in a superposition evolves to form its own universe,
resulting in an infinite multitude of coexisting ‘parallel’ worlds. The
stream of consciousness of the observer is supposed somehow to
‘split’, so that there is one in each of the worlds-at least in those
worlds for which the observer remains alive and conscious. Each
instance of the observer’s consciousness experiences a separate
independent world and is not directly aware of any of the other
worlds Hameroff [10]. It is within this multiple world’s hypothesis
that Mocombe constitutes the notion of consciousness in the
universeaccordingtohistheoryofphenomenologicalstructuralism.
For Mocombe, consciousness is a fifth force of nature, a quantum
material substance/energy, psychion, the phenomenal property
of which is recycled/entangled/superimposed throughout the
multiverse and becomes embodied via the microtubules of brains.
It is manifested in simultaneous, entangled, superimposed, and
interconnecting evolutionary material resource frameworks as
embodied praxis or practical consciousness, which in-turn becomes
the phenomenal properties of material subatomic particle energy,
psychion consciousness that is recycled/entangled/superimposed
throughout the multiverses [30-36].
Discussion and Conclusion
Hence, as outlined above, phenomenological structuralism
posits consciousness to be the by-product or evolution of subatomic
particles unfolding with increasing levels of abstraction within
an evolutionary material resource framework enframed by the
mode of production, language, ideology, ideological apparatuses,
and communicative discourse of bodies who control the material
resource framework recursively reorganizing and reproducing the
ideals of the latter factors as their practical consciousness across
entangled/superimposed multiple worlds. They are only conscious
of the subjects and objects of only one world at a time, however.
Thus, in phenomenological structuralism the understanding is
that the structure of reality determines language via its generative
grammar and how we ought to live in the multi worlds where
consciousness is found. However, the language, and its usage,
i.e., social class language game, of those who control the material
resource frameworks of the worlds conceal that relationship via
their mode of production, ideologies, ideological apparatuses, and
communicative discourse, which is evolutionary. In other words,
like the Wittgenstein Ian position of the Tractatus, Mocombe’s
theory of phenomenological structuralism assumes that there
is a uniform grammatical structure to language determined by
the logical-empirical structure of entangled and superimposed
quantum and physical realities. The grammatical structure of
linguistic utterances attempts to capture the subjects and objects
of those realities and how we ought to live with the subjects and
objects in them. In being-in-the-world s with others and objects,
this logical-grammatical structure, however, is concealed by the
evolution and developmental knowledge, and its usage practical
activity, of those who control the material resource framework
of the world’s via the stage of development of their language,
ideology, ideological apparatuses, social relations of production,
and communicative discourse. Be that as it may, the latter comes
to constitute an evolutionary social class language whose linguistic
systemicity and usage comes to determine our conception of reality,
and the classes, categories, and forms of life we belong to and
interact in and with, which, depending on its stage of development
and relation to the True nature of reality as such, is either accepted
or constantly deferred by those in its speech community who are
marginalized or not represented in its evolutionarily developed
linguistic systemicity. The latter process, language usage, under
the guise language game, language as a tool, is what Wittgenstein
captures in his second treatise on language as developed in the
philosophical investigations. That is, the classes and categories
created by the dominant social class language game of a material
resource framework, in their efforts to capture the subjects, objects,
and activities of the logical-grammatical structure of reality and
how we ought to live within it, constitute reified classes, categories,
and forms of life, language games, whose meanings and praxes
as defined by the dominant social class language game are either
accepted or deferred by those classified in them. The latter may in-
turn seek to reify their form of life that they are marginalized for,
or categorized in, as a distinct alternative practical consciousness
to that of the dominant order thereby undermining the attempted
universality of the logical-grammatical structure of the dominant
order for notions of diversity, intersectionality, etc.
So, in Mocombe’s theory of phenomenological structuralism,
Wittgenstein’s two theories of language and meaning must be read
as one philosophy as opposed to two, one supported by analytical
philosophy and the other by postmodernism/post-structuralism.
We have a plethora of language games classes, forms of life, and
categories in the world, which structures our language, because
of the ability to defer meaning in ego-centered communicative
discourse and the developmental stage of the human mind and
body vis-à-vis the actual True structure of reality. The language
of science, like its predecessor religion, attempts to capture
the logical-empirical structure of quantum and physical reality,
and how we ought to live within it, amidst the utterances and
practical consciousnesses of the masses given their abilities to
defer meaning in ego-centered communicative discourse and the
classes, categories, and forms of life they are classed in/with by the
dominant social class language game as they attempt to capture the
overall nature of reality via language.
3
Int J Conf Proc Copyright © Paul C Mocombe
ICP.MS.ID.000513. 1(3).2019
Hence within the theory and methodology of phenomenological
structuralism, there is, contrary to David Hume’s bundle of
perception hypothesis, a human essence, which is tied to the
embodiment and structuring structure of the phenomenal
properties of superimposed, entangled, embodied, and recycled
subatomic particles, the processes of which are unbeknownst to us
as of the writing of this work, as they are recursively reorganized
and reproduced via the superverse and its multiverses. Just the
same, universalism and truth are also tied to the science and physics
of the remaining processes of phenomenological structuralism.
Subatomic/chemical particles with phenomenal properties
constitute objects and subjects that are external and internal to the
perceiving human actor who know them the objects and subjects
as both external and internal phenomenon endowed with, and
mediated by, linguistic and ideological meanings, stemming from
the evolutionary modes of production, of other human actors who
presupposed their aggregated existence. The essence, universalism,
and truth of an object and subject lies in the phenomenal properties
of their subatomic and chemical particles once demystified and
demythologized, from linguistic and ideological meanings and
understandings associated with the evolutionary mode of human
production, by the techniques of phenomenology and the scientific
process. Be that as it may, for phenomenological structuralism, in
keeping somewhat with the empiricist logic of Bertrand Russell,
outside of human desires there are no moral standards.
Morality or moral standards are associated with the linguistic
and ideological desires power and power positions of those
who control the resources and mode of production of a material
resource framework via their language, ideology, ideological
apparatuses, and communicative discourse i.e., social class
language game. Its moral practices and statements constitute a
part of the superverse/multiverse as phenomenal properties of
subatomic particles once disaggregated as lived experience. This
does not mean that morality is universal; instead, it is contingent
upon the material resource framework and the evolutionary stage
of consciousness as constituted in the framework. In that sense,
assuming the phenomenal properties of subatomic particles get
recycled/superimposed/entangled between the superverse and its
multiverses as I am positing here, morality is an epiphenomenon
of lived-experience and becomes an emergent property of the
superverse and its multiverses, which constitute the laws platonic
forms or concepts such as beauty, justice, egalitarianism, etc. of
Haitian metaphysics that human reason, which are the recycled
subatomic neuronal/chemical particles of the superverse and
multiverse operating through DNA and its aggregation as the brain
and mind perception, can reflect upon to constitute their being-
in-the-world practical consciousness in relation to the language,
ideology, etc., i.e., social class language game, of those who precedes
individual existence. Each multi world has its own practical
activity or consciousness, based on the material structure of its
resource framework, by which we ought to recursively organize
and reproduce our being in them. However, the evolutionary
nature of both our being-in-the-material resource framework and
the material resource framework itself is limited by the stage of
development of our embodied practical consciousness in them.
In this sense, morality in Mocombe’s theory of phenomenological
structuralism is both naturalistic and emotive.
References
1.	 Althusser, Louis (2001) Lenin and philosophy and other essays. Monthly
Review Press, New York, USA.
2.	 Althusser, Louis E (1970) Reading capital (Ben Brewster, Trans), London.
3.	 Balibar, E, Immanuel W (1991) Race, nation, class: Ambiguous identities.
Verso, London.
4.	 Buck M, Susan (2009) Hegel, Haiti, and universal history. University of
Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, USA.
5.	 Cohen J (2002) Protestantism and capitalism: the mechanisms of
influence. Aldine de Gruyter, New York, USA.
6.	 Crothers, Charles (2003) Technical advances in general sociological
theory: the potential contribution of post-structurationist sociology.
Perspectives 26(3): 3-6.
7.	 Dahrendorf R (1959) Class and class conflict in industrial society.
Stanford, Stanford University Press, California, USA.
8.	 Douglas M (1986) How Institutions think. Syracuse University Press,
New York. In: Du Bois, Laurent (Eds.), Avengers of the new world,
Harvard University Press, Massachusetts, USA.
9.	 Fraser N (1997) Justice interruptus: Critical reflections on the post
socialist condition. Routledge, New York, USA.
10.	Hameroff, Stuart, Roger P (2014) Consciousness in the Universe: A
review of the orch OR theory. Physics of Life Reviews, 11: 39-78.
11.	Holloway,JosephE(1990)AfricanismsinAmericanculture.Bloomington
and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, India.
12.	Holloway, Joseph E (1990) The origins of African American culture.
In: Joseph Holloway (Eds.), Africanisms in American culture (19-33).
Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, India.
13.	Horkheimer M, Theodor A (2000) Dialectic of enlightenment john
cumming, trans. Continuum, New York, USA.
14.	Hudson, Kenneth, Andrea C (2005) The dark side of the protestant ethic:
A comparative analysis of welfare reform. Sociological Theory 23(1):
1-24.
15.	James, CLR (1986) The black jacobins: Toussaint L’ ouverture and the
san domingo revolution. Vintage Karenga, Maulana. Introduction to
Black Studies. The University of Sankore Press, California, USA.
16.	Kellner, Douglas (2002) Theorizing globalization. Sociological Theory
20(3): 285- 305.
17.	Kurtz, Lester R (2007) Gods in the global village: The world’s religions in
sociological perspective. Sage Publications, California, USA.
18.	Lukács, Georg (1971) History and class consciousness: Studies in
marxist dialectics rodney Livingstone, Trans. Cambridge, The MIT Press,
Massachusetts, USA.
19.	Lukács, Georg (2000) A Defense of history and class consciousness:
Tailism and the dialectic (Esther Leslie, Trans.). London & New York,
Verso, USA.
20.	Marcuse, Herbert (1964) One-dimensional man. Beacon Press, Boston,
USA.
21.	Marcuse, Herbert (1974) Eros and civilization: A philosophical inquiry
into Freud. Beacon Press, Boston, USA.
22.	Marx, Karl, Friedrich E (1964) The communist manifesto. Penguin
Books, London, England.
23.	Marx, Karl (1992) Capital: A critique of political economy Samuel Moore
and Edward Aveling, Trans International Publishers, New York, USA.
4
Int J Conf Proc Copyright © Paul C Mocombe
ICP.MS.ID.000514. 1(3).2019
24.	Marx, Karl (1998) The German ideology. Prometheus books, New York,
USA.
25.	McMichael, Philip (2008) Development and social change: A global
perspective. Sage Publications, Los Angeles, California, USA.
26.	Mocombe, Paul C (2019) The theory of phenomenological structuralism.
Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK.
27.	Mocombe, Paul C (2016) The vodou ethic and the spirit of communism:
The practical consciousness of the African people of Haiti. University
Press of America, Maryland, USA.
28.	Mocombe, Paul C (2009) The soul-less souls of black folk: A sociological
reconsideration of black consciousness as du boisian double
consciousness. University Press of America, Maryland, USA.
29.	Ortner, Sherry (1984) Theory in anthropology since the sixties.
Comparative Studies in Society and History 26: 126-66.
30.	Patterson, Orlando (1982) Slavery and social death: A comparative
study. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
31.	Ramsey, Kate (2011) The spirits and the law: Vodou and power in haiti.
University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
32.	Rubin, Vera (1960) Caribbean studies: A Symposium. Seattle: University
of Washington Press, USA.
33.	Sklair, Leslie (1995) Sociology of the global system. Baltimore: Westview
Press, USA.
34.	Smith MG (1960) The African heritage in the caribbean. In: Vera
Rubin (Eds), Caribbean Studies: A symposium. Seattle: University of
Washington Press, USA, pp. 34-46.
35.	Wallerstein, Immanuel (1982) The rise and future demise of the world
capitalist system: Concepts for comparative analysis. In: Hamza Alavi,
Teodor Shanin (Eds), Introduction to the sociology of developing
societies. Monthly Review Press, New York, USA, pp. 29-53.
36.	Weber, Max (1958) The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism
(Talcott Parsons, Trans). Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, USA.
For possible submissions Click below:
Submit Article

More Related Content

Similar to Morality in Phenomenological Structuralism

George rossolatos post doctoral application march 2014: For a semiotic model ...
George rossolatos post doctoral application march 2014: For a semiotic model ...George rossolatos post doctoral application march 2014: For a semiotic model ...
George rossolatos post doctoral application march 2014: For a semiotic model ...//disruptiVesemiOtics//
 
Cognitive linguistics
Cognitive linguisticsCognitive linguistics
Cognitive linguisticsAdel Thamery
 
rhetoric, images and the language of seeing
rhetoric, images and the language of seeingrhetoric, images and the language of seeing
rhetoric, images and the language of seeingBrian McCarthy
 
the self according to anthropologist pptx
the self according to anthropologist pptxthe self according to anthropologist pptx
the self according to anthropologist pptxElmoAdor3
 
Ramos, v; fernandes, c; rosa, a. (2007): social cognitive maps, swarm collect...
Ramos, v; fernandes, c; rosa, a. (2007): social cognitive maps, swarm collect...Ramos, v; fernandes, c; rosa, a. (2007): social cognitive maps, swarm collect...
Ramos, v; fernandes, c; rosa, a. (2007): social cognitive maps, swarm collect...ArchiLab 7
 
linguistics.pptx
linguistics.pptxlinguistics.pptx
linguistics.pptxKiko865336
 
Essay on the embryonic field of language
Essay on the embryonic field of languageEssay on the embryonic field of language
Essay on the embryonic field of languageKen Ewell
 
NATURALIZED DISCOURSE IN ARGUMENTS: A TEXTUAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SOCIAL...
NATURALIZED DISCOURSE IN ARGUMENTS: A TEXTUAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SOCIAL...NATURALIZED DISCOURSE IN ARGUMENTS: A TEXTUAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SOCIAL...
NATURALIZED DISCOURSE IN ARGUMENTS: A TEXTUAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SOCIAL...John1Lorcan
 
J. TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION, Vol. 38(2) 133-148, 20.docx
J. TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION, Vol. 38(2) 133-148, 20.docxJ. TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION, Vol. 38(2) 133-148, 20.docx
J. TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION, Vol. 38(2) 133-148, 20.docxchristiandean12115
 
The self-criticism of science
The self-criticism of scienceThe self-criticism of science
The self-criticism of scienceThink Lab
 
Context and Its Significance to Pragmatics
Context and Its Significance to PragmaticsContext and Its Significance to Pragmatics
Context and Its Significance to Pragmaticsinventionjournals
 
Mind Force 2008
Mind Force 2008Mind Force 2008
Mind Force 2008forsucci
 

Similar to Morality in Phenomenological Structuralism (20)

George rossolatos post doctoral application march 2014: For a semiotic model ...
George rossolatos post doctoral application march 2014: For a semiotic model ...George rossolatos post doctoral application march 2014: For a semiotic model ...
George rossolatos post doctoral application march 2014: For a semiotic model ...
 
Cognitive linguistics
Cognitive linguisticsCognitive linguistics
Cognitive linguistics
 
Context culture .... m. wendt
Context culture .... m. wendtContext culture .... m. wendt
Context culture .... m. wendt
 
Wu thab chanthorn
Wu  thab chanthornWu  thab chanthorn
Wu thab chanthorn
 
rhetoric, images and the language of seeing
rhetoric, images and the language of seeingrhetoric, images and the language of seeing
rhetoric, images and the language of seeing
 
Noam Chomsky Essays
Noam Chomsky EssaysNoam Chomsky Essays
Noam Chomsky Essays
 
Ecology
EcologyEcology
Ecology
 
the self according to anthropologist pptx
the self according to anthropologist pptxthe self according to anthropologist pptx
the self according to anthropologist pptx
 
Ramos, v; fernandes, c; rosa, a. (2007): social cognitive maps, swarm collect...
Ramos, v; fernandes, c; rosa, a. (2007): social cognitive maps, swarm collect...Ramos, v; fernandes, c; rosa, a. (2007): social cognitive maps, swarm collect...
Ramos, v; fernandes, c; rosa, a. (2007): social cognitive maps, swarm collect...
 
linguistics.pptx
linguistics.pptxlinguistics.pptx
linguistics.pptx
 
Scholarship, Understanding and the Vistas of Knowledge
Scholarship, Understanding and the Vistas of KnowledgeScholarship, Understanding and the Vistas of Knowledge
Scholarship, Understanding and the Vistas of Knowledge
 
Essay on the embryonic field of language
Essay on the embryonic field of languageEssay on the embryonic field of language
Essay on the embryonic field of language
 
Cognitive stylistics
Cognitive stylisticsCognitive stylistics
Cognitive stylistics
 
NATURALIZED DISCOURSE IN ARGUMENTS: A TEXTUAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SOCIAL...
NATURALIZED DISCOURSE IN ARGUMENTS: A TEXTUAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SOCIAL...NATURALIZED DISCOURSE IN ARGUMENTS: A TEXTUAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SOCIAL...
NATURALIZED DISCOURSE IN ARGUMENTS: A TEXTUAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF SOCIAL...
 
J. TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION, Vol. 38(2) 133-148, 20.docx
J. TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION, Vol. 38(2) 133-148, 20.docxJ. TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION, Vol. 38(2) 133-148, 20.docx
J. TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATION, Vol. 38(2) 133-148, 20.docx
 
The self-criticism of science
The self-criticism of scienceThe self-criticism of science
The self-criticism of science
 
Philosophy of science
Philosophy of sciencePhilosophy of science
Philosophy of science
 
Social semiotics
Social semioticsSocial semiotics
Social semiotics
 
Context and Its Significance to Pragmatics
Context and Its Significance to PragmaticsContext and Its Significance to Pragmatics
Context and Its Significance to Pragmatics
 
Mind Force 2008
Mind Force 2008Mind Force 2008
Mind Force 2008
 

More from Conference-Proceedings-CrimsonPublishers

Aqueous Stable Silver Nanoparticles Derived from Nimble Leaves of Psidium Gua...
Aqueous Stable Silver Nanoparticles Derived from Nimble Leaves of Psidium Gua...Aqueous Stable Silver Nanoparticles Derived from Nimble Leaves of Psidium Gua...
Aqueous Stable Silver Nanoparticles Derived from Nimble Leaves of Psidium Gua...Conference-Proceedings-CrimsonPublishers
 
A Study on Skill Development and Productivity of the Workforce in Indian Economy
A Study on Skill Development and Productivity of the Workforce in Indian EconomyA Study on Skill Development and Productivity of the Workforce in Indian Economy
A Study on Skill Development and Productivity of the Workforce in Indian EconomyConference-Proceedings-CrimsonPublishers
 
Modified Bully Algorithm Incorporating the Concept of Election Commissio...
Modified  Bully  Algorithm  Incorporating  the  Concept of Election Commissio...Modified  Bully  Algorithm  Incorporating  the  Concept of Election Commissio...
Modified Bully Algorithm Incorporating the Concept of Election Commissio...Conference-Proceedings-CrimsonPublishers
 
Crimson Publishers-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome in Infertility
Crimson Publishers-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome in InfertilityCrimson Publishers-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome in Infertility
Crimson Publishers-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome in InfertilityConference-Proceedings-CrimsonPublishers
 
Crimson Publishers-Health Care Versus Illness Care: How Nurses Can Change It
Crimson Publishers-Health Care Versus Illness Care: How Nurses Can Change ItCrimson Publishers-Health Care Versus Illness Care: How Nurses Can Change It
Crimson Publishers-Health Care Versus Illness Care: How Nurses Can Change ItConference-Proceedings-CrimsonPublishers
 
Crimson Publishers-Nanoparticle (NP) Delivery of Chemotherapy Drugs to Prost...
Crimson Publishers-Nanoparticle (NP) Delivery of Chemotherapy  Drugs to Prost...Crimson Publishers-Nanoparticle (NP) Delivery of Chemotherapy  Drugs to Prost...
Crimson Publishers-Nanoparticle (NP) Delivery of Chemotherapy Drugs to Prost...Conference-Proceedings-CrimsonPublishers
 

More from Conference-Proceedings-CrimsonPublishers (15)

ICP.000526.pdf
ICP.000526.pdfICP.000526.pdf
ICP.000526.pdf
 
ICP.000525.pdf
ICP.000525.pdfICP.000525.pdf
ICP.000525.pdf
 
ICP.000524.pdf
ICP.000524.pdfICP.000524.pdf
ICP.000524.pdf
 
ICP.000523.pdf
ICP.000523.pdfICP.000523.pdf
ICP.000523.pdf
 
Icp.000521
Icp.000521Icp.000521
Icp.000521
 
Aqueous Stable Silver Nanoparticles Derived from Nimble Leaves of Psidium Gua...
Aqueous Stable Silver Nanoparticles Derived from Nimble Leaves of Psidium Gua...Aqueous Stable Silver Nanoparticles Derived from Nimble Leaves of Psidium Gua...
Aqueous Stable Silver Nanoparticles Derived from Nimble Leaves of Psidium Gua...
 
Western Literature on Stupidity Reviewed
Western Literature on Stupidity ReviewedWestern Literature on Stupidity Reviewed
Western Literature on Stupidity Reviewed
 
A Study on Skill Development and Productivity of the Workforce in Indian Economy
A Study on Skill Development and Productivity of the Workforce in Indian EconomyA Study on Skill Development and Productivity of the Workforce in Indian Economy
A Study on Skill Development and Productivity of the Workforce in Indian Economy
 
Metal Work
Metal WorkMetal Work
Metal Work
 
Benefits of Intercropping Legumes with Cereals
Benefits of Intercropping Legumes  with CerealsBenefits of Intercropping Legumes  with Cereals
Benefits of Intercropping Legumes with Cereals
 
Energy of Corpuscular-Wave Mechanism_Crimson Publishers
Energy of Corpuscular-Wave Mechanism_Crimson PublishersEnergy of Corpuscular-Wave Mechanism_Crimson Publishers
Energy of Corpuscular-Wave Mechanism_Crimson Publishers
 
Modified Bully Algorithm Incorporating the Concept of Election Commissio...
Modified  Bully  Algorithm  Incorporating  the  Concept of Election Commissio...Modified  Bully  Algorithm  Incorporating  the  Concept of Election Commissio...
Modified Bully Algorithm Incorporating the Concept of Election Commissio...
 
Crimson Publishers-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome in Infertility
Crimson Publishers-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome in InfertilityCrimson Publishers-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome in Infertility
Crimson Publishers-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Syndrome in Infertility
 
Crimson Publishers-Health Care Versus Illness Care: How Nurses Can Change It
Crimson Publishers-Health Care Versus Illness Care: How Nurses Can Change ItCrimson Publishers-Health Care Versus Illness Care: How Nurses Can Change It
Crimson Publishers-Health Care Versus Illness Care: How Nurses Can Change It
 
Crimson Publishers-Nanoparticle (NP) Delivery of Chemotherapy Drugs to Prost...
Crimson Publishers-Nanoparticle (NP) Delivery of Chemotherapy  Drugs to Prost...Crimson Publishers-Nanoparticle (NP) Delivery of Chemotherapy  Drugs to Prost...
Crimson Publishers-Nanoparticle (NP) Delivery of Chemotherapy Drugs to Prost...
 

Recently uploaded

Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalssuser3e220a
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17Celine George
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS........pptx
ARTERIAL BLOOD  GAS ANALYSIS........pptxARTERIAL BLOOD  GAS ANALYSIS........pptx
ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS........pptxAneriPatwari
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfPatidar M
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptxmary850239
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDecoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDhatriParmar
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operational
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
Tree View Decoration Attribute in the Odoo 17
 
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of EngineeringFaculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS........pptx
ARTERIAL BLOOD  GAS ANALYSIS........pptxARTERIAL BLOOD  GAS ANALYSIS........pptx
ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS........pptx
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptxINCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
 
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDecoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 

Morality in Phenomenological Structuralism

  • 1. Morality in Phenomenological Structuralism Paul C Mocombe* USA Introduction ThisworkexploresthenatureofmoralitywithinPaulCMocombe’sstructurationisttheory of phenomenological structuralism. The author posits that morality or moral standards are associated with the linguistic and ideological desires power and power positions of those who control the resources and mode of production of a material resource framework via their language, ideology, ideological apparatuses, and communicative discourse i.e., social class language game. Its moral practices and statements constitute a part of the superverse/ multiverse as phenomenal properties of subatomic particles once disaggregated as lived experience. This does not mean that morality is universal; instead, it is contingent upon the material resource framework and the evolutionary stage of consciousness development as constituted in the framework [1-10]. Background of the problem Paul C. Mocombe’s 2018, 2019 structurationist theory of phenomenological structuralism, in keeping with the logic of structurationist sociology, assumes practical activity and consciousness, i.e., practical consciousness, to be the basis for understanding human behavior and consciousness in the world. Consciousness here refers to subjective awareness of phenomenal experiences ideology, language, self, feelings, choice, control of voluntary behavior, thoughts, etc. of internal and external worlds and the actions they engender. The academic literature describes three possibilities regarding the origin and place of consciousness in the universe: A as an emergent property of complex brain neuronal computation, B as spiritual quality of the universe, distinct from purely physical actions, and C as composed of discrete ‘proto-conscious’ events acting in accordance with physical laws not yet fully understood Hameroff [10]. The latter position, C, represents the ORCH-OR orchestrated objective reduction theory of stuart Hameroff [10], which includes aspects of A and B, and posits that consciousness consists of discrete moments, each an ‘orchestrated’ quantum-computational process terminated by an action objective reduction or OR, rooted in quantum aspects of the fine structure of space-time geometry, this being coupled to brain neuronal processes via microtubules pg. 70. In this view, the understanding is that a proto- conscious experience existed in the universe, panpsychism, and as a result of emergent structures of the brain it proto-conscious experience, psychion became embodied and evolved as a result of quantum neuronal computations of brains [11-25]. Crimson Publishers Wings to the Research Review Article *Corresponding author: Paul C Mocombe, The Mocombeian Foundation, Inc, USA Submission: May 21, 2019 Published: May 24, 2019 Volume 1 - Issue 3 How to cite this article: Paul C M. Morality in Phenomenological Structuralism. Int J Conf Proc.1(3). ICP.000514.2019. Copyright@ Paul C Mocombe, This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited. 1 Integrative Journal of Conference Proceedings Abstract This work explores the nature of morality within Paul C Mocombe’s structurationist theory of phenomenological structuralism. The author posits that morality or moral standards are associated with the linguistic and ideological desires power and power positions of those who control the resources and mode of production of a material resource framework via their language, ideology, ideological apparatuses, and communicative discourse i.e., social class language game. Its moral practices and statements constitute a part of the superverse/multiverse as phenomenal properties of subatomic particles once disaggregated as lived experience. This does not mean that morality is universal; instead, it is contingent upon the material resource framework and the evolutionary stage of consciousness development as constituted in the framework. Keywords: Structurationism; Praxis; Panpsychism; Social class language game; Phenomenological structuralism; ORCH-OR theory
  • 2. 2 Int J Conf Proc Copyright © Paul C Mocombe ICP.MS.ID.000514. 1(3).2019 Theory and Methods Paul [26-29] structurationist sociology, phenomenological structuralism, which attempts to resolve the structure/agency problematic of the social sciences, builds on the ORCH-OR theory and panpsychism of Hameroff [10], while holding on to the multiverse hypothesis of quantum mechanics and Haitian ontology/epistemology, which the authors reject because it is not a more down-to-earth view point Hameroff [10]. For Mocombe [26-29] quantum superposition, entanglement, and evidence in Haitian vodou of spirit possession, which represent ancestors from a parallel world, Vilokan, of the earth’s of which we ought to pattern our behaviors and structures, are grounding proofs for the acceptance of the multiple worlds hypothesis of quantum mechanics. Within the latter hypothesis, the understanding is that each possibility in a superposition evolves to form its own universe, resulting in an infinite multitude of coexisting ‘parallel’ worlds. The stream of consciousness of the observer is supposed somehow to ‘split’, so that there is one in each of the worlds-at least in those worlds for which the observer remains alive and conscious. Each instance of the observer’s consciousness experiences a separate independent world and is not directly aware of any of the other worlds Hameroff [10]. It is within this multiple world’s hypothesis that Mocombe constitutes the notion of consciousness in the universeaccordingtohistheoryofphenomenologicalstructuralism. For Mocombe, consciousness is a fifth force of nature, a quantum material substance/energy, psychion, the phenomenal property of which is recycled/entangled/superimposed throughout the multiverse and becomes embodied via the microtubules of brains. It is manifested in simultaneous, entangled, superimposed, and interconnecting evolutionary material resource frameworks as embodied praxis or practical consciousness, which in-turn becomes the phenomenal properties of material subatomic particle energy, psychion consciousness that is recycled/entangled/superimposed throughout the multiverses [30-36]. Discussion and Conclusion Hence, as outlined above, phenomenological structuralism posits consciousness to be the by-product or evolution of subatomic particles unfolding with increasing levels of abstraction within an evolutionary material resource framework enframed by the mode of production, language, ideology, ideological apparatuses, and communicative discourse of bodies who control the material resource framework recursively reorganizing and reproducing the ideals of the latter factors as their practical consciousness across entangled/superimposed multiple worlds. They are only conscious of the subjects and objects of only one world at a time, however. Thus, in phenomenological structuralism the understanding is that the structure of reality determines language via its generative grammar and how we ought to live in the multi worlds where consciousness is found. However, the language, and its usage, i.e., social class language game, of those who control the material resource frameworks of the worlds conceal that relationship via their mode of production, ideologies, ideological apparatuses, and communicative discourse, which is evolutionary. In other words, like the Wittgenstein Ian position of the Tractatus, Mocombe’s theory of phenomenological structuralism assumes that there is a uniform grammatical structure to language determined by the logical-empirical structure of entangled and superimposed quantum and physical realities. The grammatical structure of linguistic utterances attempts to capture the subjects and objects of those realities and how we ought to live with the subjects and objects in them. In being-in-the-world s with others and objects, this logical-grammatical structure, however, is concealed by the evolution and developmental knowledge, and its usage practical activity, of those who control the material resource framework of the world’s via the stage of development of their language, ideology, ideological apparatuses, social relations of production, and communicative discourse. Be that as it may, the latter comes to constitute an evolutionary social class language whose linguistic systemicity and usage comes to determine our conception of reality, and the classes, categories, and forms of life we belong to and interact in and with, which, depending on its stage of development and relation to the True nature of reality as such, is either accepted or constantly deferred by those in its speech community who are marginalized or not represented in its evolutionarily developed linguistic systemicity. The latter process, language usage, under the guise language game, language as a tool, is what Wittgenstein captures in his second treatise on language as developed in the philosophical investigations. That is, the classes and categories created by the dominant social class language game of a material resource framework, in their efforts to capture the subjects, objects, and activities of the logical-grammatical structure of reality and how we ought to live within it, constitute reified classes, categories, and forms of life, language games, whose meanings and praxes as defined by the dominant social class language game are either accepted or deferred by those classified in them. The latter may in- turn seek to reify their form of life that they are marginalized for, or categorized in, as a distinct alternative practical consciousness to that of the dominant order thereby undermining the attempted universality of the logical-grammatical structure of the dominant order for notions of diversity, intersectionality, etc. So, in Mocombe’s theory of phenomenological structuralism, Wittgenstein’s two theories of language and meaning must be read as one philosophy as opposed to two, one supported by analytical philosophy and the other by postmodernism/post-structuralism. We have a plethora of language games classes, forms of life, and categories in the world, which structures our language, because of the ability to defer meaning in ego-centered communicative discourse and the developmental stage of the human mind and body vis-à-vis the actual True structure of reality. The language of science, like its predecessor religion, attempts to capture the logical-empirical structure of quantum and physical reality, and how we ought to live within it, amidst the utterances and practical consciousnesses of the masses given their abilities to defer meaning in ego-centered communicative discourse and the classes, categories, and forms of life they are classed in/with by the dominant social class language game as they attempt to capture the overall nature of reality via language.
  • 3. 3 Int J Conf Proc Copyright © Paul C Mocombe ICP.MS.ID.000513. 1(3).2019 Hence within the theory and methodology of phenomenological structuralism, there is, contrary to David Hume’s bundle of perception hypothesis, a human essence, which is tied to the embodiment and structuring structure of the phenomenal properties of superimposed, entangled, embodied, and recycled subatomic particles, the processes of which are unbeknownst to us as of the writing of this work, as they are recursively reorganized and reproduced via the superverse and its multiverses. Just the same, universalism and truth are also tied to the science and physics of the remaining processes of phenomenological structuralism. Subatomic/chemical particles with phenomenal properties constitute objects and subjects that are external and internal to the perceiving human actor who know them the objects and subjects as both external and internal phenomenon endowed with, and mediated by, linguistic and ideological meanings, stemming from the evolutionary modes of production, of other human actors who presupposed their aggregated existence. The essence, universalism, and truth of an object and subject lies in the phenomenal properties of their subatomic and chemical particles once demystified and demythologized, from linguistic and ideological meanings and understandings associated with the evolutionary mode of human production, by the techniques of phenomenology and the scientific process. Be that as it may, for phenomenological structuralism, in keeping somewhat with the empiricist logic of Bertrand Russell, outside of human desires there are no moral standards. Morality or moral standards are associated with the linguistic and ideological desires power and power positions of those who control the resources and mode of production of a material resource framework via their language, ideology, ideological apparatuses, and communicative discourse i.e., social class language game. Its moral practices and statements constitute a part of the superverse/multiverse as phenomenal properties of subatomic particles once disaggregated as lived experience. This does not mean that morality is universal; instead, it is contingent upon the material resource framework and the evolutionary stage of consciousness as constituted in the framework. In that sense, assuming the phenomenal properties of subatomic particles get recycled/superimposed/entangled between the superverse and its multiverses as I am positing here, morality is an epiphenomenon of lived-experience and becomes an emergent property of the superverse and its multiverses, which constitute the laws platonic forms or concepts such as beauty, justice, egalitarianism, etc. of Haitian metaphysics that human reason, which are the recycled subatomic neuronal/chemical particles of the superverse and multiverse operating through DNA and its aggregation as the brain and mind perception, can reflect upon to constitute their being- in-the-world practical consciousness in relation to the language, ideology, etc., i.e., social class language game, of those who precedes individual existence. Each multi world has its own practical activity or consciousness, based on the material structure of its resource framework, by which we ought to recursively organize and reproduce our being in them. However, the evolutionary nature of both our being-in-the-material resource framework and the material resource framework itself is limited by the stage of development of our embodied practical consciousness in them. In this sense, morality in Mocombe’s theory of phenomenological structuralism is both naturalistic and emotive. References 1. Althusser, Louis (2001) Lenin and philosophy and other essays. Monthly Review Press, New York, USA. 2. Althusser, Louis E (1970) Reading capital (Ben Brewster, Trans), London. 3. Balibar, E, Immanuel W (1991) Race, nation, class: Ambiguous identities. Verso, London. 4. Buck M, Susan (2009) Hegel, Haiti, and universal history. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, USA. 5. Cohen J (2002) Protestantism and capitalism: the mechanisms of influence. Aldine de Gruyter, New York, USA. 6. Crothers, Charles (2003) Technical advances in general sociological theory: the potential contribution of post-structurationist sociology. Perspectives 26(3): 3-6. 7. Dahrendorf R (1959) Class and class conflict in industrial society. Stanford, Stanford University Press, California, USA. 8. Douglas M (1986) How Institutions think. Syracuse University Press, New York. In: Du Bois, Laurent (Eds.), Avengers of the new world, Harvard University Press, Massachusetts, USA. 9. Fraser N (1997) Justice interruptus: Critical reflections on the post socialist condition. Routledge, New York, USA. 10. Hameroff, Stuart, Roger P (2014) Consciousness in the Universe: A review of the orch OR theory. Physics of Life Reviews, 11: 39-78. 11. Holloway,JosephE(1990)AfricanismsinAmericanculture.Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, India. 12. Holloway, Joseph E (1990) The origins of African American culture. In: Joseph Holloway (Eds.), Africanisms in American culture (19-33). Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, India. 13. Horkheimer M, Theodor A (2000) Dialectic of enlightenment john cumming, trans. Continuum, New York, USA. 14. Hudson, Kenneth, Andrea C (2005) The dark side of the protestant ethic: A comparative analysis of welfare reform. Sociological Theory 23(1): 1-24. 15. James, CLR (1986) The black jacobins: Toussaint L’ ouverture and the san domingo revolution. Vintage Karenga, Maulana. Introduction to Black Studies. The University of Sankore Press, California, USA. 16. Kellner, Douglas (2002) Theorizing globalization. Sociological Theory 20(3): 285- 305. 17. Kurtz, Lester R (2007) Gods in the global village: The world’s religions in sociological perspective. Sage Publications, California, USA. 18. Lukács, Georg (1971) History and class consciousness: Studies in marxist dialectics rodney Livingstone, Trans. Cambridge, The MIT Press, Massachusetts, USA. 19. Lukács, Georg (2000) A Defense of history and class consciousness: Tailism and the dialectic (Esther Leslie, Trans.). London & New York, Verso, USA. 20. Marcuse, Herbert (1964) One-dimensional man. Beacon Press, Boston, USA. 21. Marcuse, Herbert (1974) Eros and civilization: A philosophical inquiry into Freud. Beacon Press, Boston, USA. 22. Marx, Karl, Friedrich E (1964) The communist manifesto. Penguin Books, London, England. 23. Marx, Karl (1992) Capital: A critique of political economy Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling, Trans International Publishers, New York, USA.
  • 4. 4 Int J Conf Proc Copyright © Paul C Mocombe ICP.MS.ID.000514. 1(3).2019 24. Marx, Karl (1998) The German ideology. Prometheus books, New York, USA. 25. McMichael, Philip (2008) Development and social change: A global perspective. Sage Publications, Los Angeles, California, USA. 26. Mocombe, Paul C (2019) The theory of phenomenological structuralism. Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK. 27. Mocombe, Paul C (2016) The vodou ethic and the spirit of communism: The practical consciousness of the African people of Haiti. University Press of America, Maryland, USA. 28. Mocombe, Paul C (2009) The soul-less souls of black folk: A sociological reconsideration of black consciousness as du boisian double consciousness. University Press of America, Maryland, USA. 29. Ortner, Sherry (1984) Theory in anthropology since the sixties. Comparative Studies in Society and History 26: 126-66. 30. Patterson, Orlando (1982) Slavery and social death: A comparative study. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. 31. Ramsey, Kate (2011) The spirits and the law: Vodou and power in haiti. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA. 32. Rubin, Vera (1960) Caribbean studies: A Symposium. Seattle: University of Washington Press, USA. 33. Sklair, Leslie (1995) Sociology of the global system. Baltimore: Westview Press, USA. 34. Smith MG (1960) The African heritage in the caribbean. In: Vera Rubin (Eds), Caribbean Studies: A symposium. Seattle: University of Washington Press, USA, pp. 34-46. 35. Wallerstein, Immanuel (1982) The rise and future demise of the world capitalist system: Concepts for comparative analysis. In: Hamza Alavi, Teodor Shanin (Eds), Introduction to the sociology of developing societies. Monthly Review Press, New York, USA, pp. 29-53. 36. Weber, Max (1958) The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism (Talcott Parsons, Trans). Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, USA. For possible submissions Click below: Submit Article