SlideShare a Scribd company logo
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Meredith C. Schuman and the
ISSI International Team “Genes from Space”
Monitor indicators of genetic diversity
from space using Earth Observation data
https://teams.issibern.ch/genesfromspace/
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Genetic diversity is a foundation of biodiversity
2
Hoban S et al. (2022) Global genetic diversity status and trends: towards a suite of Essential
Biodiversity Variables (EBVs) for genetic composition. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12852
Genetic diversity
Resilience &
adaptive potential
Maintenance
& evolution
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
3
Hoban S et al. (2022) Global genetic diversity status and trends: towards a suite of Essential
Biodiversity Variables (EBVs) for genetic composition. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12852
Population-level effects are key indicators
Genetic diversity
Resilience &
adaptive potential
Maintenance
& evolution
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Population-level effects are key indicators
4
Laikre L et al. (2008) Potentials for monitoring gene level biodiversity: using Sweden as an example. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9335-2
Hoban S et al. (2020) Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework… https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108654
Laikre L et al. (2020) Post-2020 goals overlook genetic diversity. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abb2748
Populations
that are too
small degrade
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
5
Populations
that are too
small degrade
All mature individuals (Nc)
Ne:Nc
Ratio
~ 0.1
Effective size (Ne)
Their effective size Ne can be
estimated with DNA or by a ratio of
the census
Population-level effects are key indicators
Laikre L et al. (2008) Potentials for monitoring gene level biodiversity: using Sweden as an example. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9335-2
Hoban S et al. (2020) Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework… https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108654
Laikre L et al. (2020) Post-2020 goals overlook genetic diversity. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abb2748
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
6
Populations
that are too
small degrade
Headline Indicator
A.4, Target 4
Proportion of
populations within
species with an
effective population
size (Ne) > 500
Their effective size Ne can be
estimated with DNA or by a ratio of
the census
All mature individuals (Nc)
Ne:Nc
Ratio
~ 0.1
Effective size (Ne)
Population-level effects are key indicators
Laikre L et al. (2008) Potentials for monitoring gene level biodiversity: using Sweden as an example. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9335-2
Hoban S et al. (2020) Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework… https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108654
Laikre L et al. (2020) Post-2020 goals overlook genetic diversity. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abb2748
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Some population-level effects
are detectable from space
7
Rondônia, Brasil, Landsat 5, 08 July 1989 (left) and Sentinel-2, 29 June 2022 (right), 30 m
See also Global Forest Watch initiative, https://www.globalforestwatch.org/
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
There are fleets of public space-based detectors
8
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Yet, genetic diversity is not a target…
9
“… [T]he EBV class genetic composition (3,4)
cannot yet be remotely sensed from space
and is not considered further.”
Focus on potential of current and upcoming
technologies, genetic diversity still out-of-scope
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
We think that it should be, and it will change
how we measure genetic diversity
10
Rondônia, Brasil, Landsat 5, 08 July 1989 (left) and Sentinel-2, 29 June 2022 (right), 30 m
See also Global Forest Watch initiative, https://www.globalforestwatch.org/
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
11
Gitelson pigment indices calculated by A. Damm-Reiser, APEX Mission MM020_OENS_100626
(2010, Oensingen, Switzerland); Band combination: R-G-B = 2-1-3 = Chlorophyll-Carotenoid-Anthocyanin
We think that it should be, and it will change
how we measure genetic diversity
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Map
population
boundaries
Populations
maintained
Proportion
with Ne>500
Monitor
change
Targeted re-
assessment
and action
12
Spatial data,
habitat information
Historical
satellite data
Nc (or Ne) estimate
from area*density,
models, or features
Change over time
(days to weeks)
EO adds: Information for
action
Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (2023) Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using
Earth Observation data. https://doi.org/10.32942/X2ZP53
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Are they there?
13
Fretwell P (2024) Four unreported emperor penguin colonies discovered by satellite.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102023000329
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Are they there?
14
Fretwell P (2024) Four unreported emperor penguin colonies discovered by satellite.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102023000329
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Are they still there?
15
Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth
Observation satellites to monitor genetic diversity.
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Will they still be there?
16
Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth
Observation satellites to monitor genetic diversity.
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
How are they doing?
Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth
Observation satellites to monitor genetic diversity.
17
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
How are they doing?
18
Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth Observation…
Helfenstein I et al. (2024) Satellite observations reveal positive… https://doi.org/10.32942/X24619
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
How related are they? (sometimes)
19
Guillén-Escribà et al. (2021) Remotely sensed between-individual… https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7758
Czyż et al. (2023) Genetic constraints on temporal… https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2022.113338
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Leverage EO for genetic diversity monitoring
Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth
Observation satellites to monitor genetic diversity.
20
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Thank you!
Michael: Marc Latzel,
CC BY-SA 4.0
21
https://teams.issibern.ch/genesfromspace/
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
22
Uses of EO data Implementation for genetic
diversity monitoring
Current limitations
Species range and habitat mapping
Accuracy increases with prior knowledge
and in terrestrial habitats
Inference of census size from dispersal distance
data, occupation density data, or occasionally
counts of dominant individuals; supports
assessment of Ne >500
Cannot directly measure effective or
census population sizes (Ne or Nc)
Estimate population size and number
Accuracy increases when combined with
observational data
Inferred population locations can be combined
with other data (e.g. biogeographical, traditional
knowledge) to infer population distinctiveness
or support the design of comprehensive DNA
studies to confirm this
Cannot independently identify
genetically distinct populations
Detect habitat and ecosystem change
Requires a baseline and continued
monitoring
Develop EO-based alert systems to support
genetic diversity protection in real time and to
monitor inferred PM or Ne>500 over time
Cannot detect all on-the-ground threats
to individuals (e.g., poaching)
Map variation or change in species
visible from space
e.g., trait variation, settlements, migration,
breeding activities, species interactions
Currently still a focus of research Cannot directly estimate genetic
diversity
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
23
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
24
Sentinel-2 mosaic from Google Earth Engine (Gorelick et al., 2017,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.06.031) for visualization purposes, overlaid
with species distribution and isolated localities (dots) (Caudullo et al., 2017,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2017.05.007): F. sylvatica sylvatica (blue) and F.
sylvatica orientalis (red).
GENES FROM SPACE
© RSL UZH
Will they still be there?
25

More Related Content

Similar to Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data

Effects of density on spacing patterns and habitat associations of a Neotropi...
Effects of density on spacing patterns and habitat associations of a Neotropi...Effects of density on spacing patterns and habitat associations of a Neotropi...
Effects of density on spacing patterns and habitat associations of a Neotropi...
Nicole Angeli
 
2015. Patrik Schnable. Trait associated SNPs provide insights into heterosis...
2015. Patrik Schnable. Trait associated SNPs provide insights  into heterosis...2015. Patrik Schnable. Trait associated SNPs provide insights  into heterosis...
2015. Patrik Schnable. Trait associated SNPs provide insights into heterosis...
FOODCROPS
 
Microbial Metagenomics Drives a New Cyberinfrastructure
Microbial Metagenomics Drives a New CyberinfrastructureMicrobial Metagenomics Drives a New Cyberinfrastructure
Microbial Metagenomics Drives a New Cyberinfrastructure
Larry Smarr
 
PhD defense Julien Troudet (29/11/2017)
PhD defense Julien Troudet (29/11/2017)PhD defense Julien Troudet (29/11/2017)
PhD defense Julien Troudet (29/11/2017)
Julien Troudet
 
Genotyping an invasive vine
Genotyping an invasive vineGenotyping an invasive vine
Genotyping an invasive vine
Roy Moger-Reischer
 
Genetic mapping of behaviour and gene expression in the chicken
Genetic mapping of behaviour and gene expression in the chickenGenetic mapping of behaviour and gene expression in the chicken
Genetic mapping of behaviour and gene expression in the chicken
Martin Johnsson
 
Teresa Coque Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal.
Teresa Coque  Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. Teresa Coque  Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal.
Teresa Coque Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal.
Fundación Ramón Areces
 
Human genome project(ibri)
Human genome project(ibri)Human genome project(ibri)
Human genome project(ibri)
ajay vishwakrma
 
Recent acceleration of human adaptive evolution
Recent acceleration of human adaptive evolutionRecent acceleration of human adaptive evolution
Recent acceleration of human adaptive evolution
TOP Technology Talks (TOP b.v.)
 
Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic
Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogeneticUtility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic
Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic
EdizonJambormias2
 
IJSRED-V2I1P5
IJSRED-V2I1P5IJSRED-V2I1P5
IJSRED-V2I1P5
IJSRED
 
art%3A10.1186%2Fs13742-015-0095-0
art%3A10.1186%2Fs13742-015-0095-0art%3A10.1186%2Fs13742-015-0095-0
art%3A10.1186%2Fs13742-015-0095-0
Vladimir Brukhin
 
Human Genetics and Craniofacial Development
Human Genetics and Craniofacial DevelopmentHuman Genetics and Craniofacial Development
Human Genetics and Craniofacial Development
Alwaleed Fahad
 
One health Perspective and Vector Borne Diseases
One health Perspective and Vector Borne DiseasesOne health Perspective and Vector Borne Diseases
One health Perspective and Vector Borne Diseases
Nanyingi Mark
 
An integrated genomic surveillance platform reveals multiple introductions an...
An integrated genomic surveillance platform reveals multiple introductions an...An integrated genomic surveillance platform reveals multiple introductions an...
An integrated genomic surveillance platform reveals multiple introductions an...
Data Con LA
 
Rapid Impact Assessment of Climatic and Physio-graphic Changes on Flagship G...
Rapid Impact Assessment of Climatic and Physio-graphic Changes  on Flagship G...Rapid Impact Assessment of Climatic and Physio-graphic Changes  on Flagship G...
Rapid Impact Assessment of Climatic and Physio-graphic Changes on Flagship G...
Arvinder Singh
 
Genomic Selection in Plants
Genomic Selection in PlantsGenomic Selection in Plants
Genomic Selection in Plants
Prakash Narayan
 
Genetic variation and its role in health pharmacology
Genetic variation and its role in health pharmacologyGenetic variation and its role in health pharmacology
Genetic variation and its role in health pharmacology
Deepak Kumar
 
EU PathoNGenTraceConsortium:cgMLST Evolvement and Challenges for Harmonization
EU PathoNGenTraceConsortium:cgMLST Evolvement and Challenges for HarmonizationEU PathoNGenTraceConsortium:cgMLST Evolvement and Challenges for Harmonization
EU PathoNGenTraceConsortium:cgMLST Evolvement and Challenges for Harmonization
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
 
Informatics and data analytics to support for exposome-based discovery
Informatics and data analytics to support for exposome-based discoveryInformatics and data analytics to support for exposome-based discovery
Informatics and data analytics to support for exposome-based discovery
Chirag Patel
 

Similar to Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data (20)

Effects of density on spacing patterns and habitat associations of a Neotropi...
Effects of density on spacing patterns and habitat associations of a Neotropi...Effects of density on spacing patterns and habitat associations of a Neotropi...
Effects of density on spacing patterns and habitat associations of a Neotropi...
 
2015. Patrik Schnable. Trait associated SNPs provide insights into heterosis...
2015. Patrik Schnable. Trait associated SNPs provide insights  into heterosis...2015. Patrik Schnable. Trait associated SNPs provide insights  into heterosis...
2015. Patrik Schnable. Trait associated SNPs provide insights into heterosis...
 
Microbial Metagenomics Drives a New Cyberinfrastructure
Microbial Metagenomics Drives a New CyberinfrastructureMicrobial Metagenomics Drives a New Cyberinfrastructure
Microbial Metagenomics Drives a New Cyberinfrastructure
 
PhD defense Julien Troudet (29/11/2017)
PhD defense Julien Troudet (29/11/2017)PhD defense Julien Troudet (29/11/2017)
PhD defense Julien Troudet (29/11/2017)
 
Genotyping an invasive vine
Genotyping an invasive vineGenotyping an invasive vine
Genotyping an invasive vine
 
Genetic mapping of behaviour and gene expression in the chicken
Genetic mapping of behaviour and gene expression in the chickenGenetic mapping of behaviour and gene expression in the chicken
Genetic mapping of behaviour and gene expression in the chicken
 
Teresa Coque Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal.
Teresa Coque  Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. Teresa Coque  Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal.
Teresa Coque Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal.
 
Human genome project(ibri)
Human genome project(ibri)Human genome project(ibri)
Human genome project(ibri)
 
Recent acceleration of human adaptive evolution
Recent acceleration of human adaptive evolutionRecent acceleration of human adaptive evolution
Recent acceleration of human adaptive evolution
 
Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic
Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogeneticUtility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic
Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic
 
IJSRED-V2I1P5
IJSRED-V2I1P5IJSRED-V2I1P5
IJSRED-V2I1P5
 
art%3A10.1186%2Fs13742-015-0095-0
art%3A10.1186%2Fs13742-015-0095-0art%3A10.1186%2Fs13742-015-0095-0
art%3A10.1186%2Fs13742-015-0095-0
 
Human Genetics and Craniofacial Development
Human Genetics and Craniofacial DevelopmentHuman Genetics and Craniofacial Development
Human Genetics and Craniofacial Development
 
One health Perspective and Vector Borne Diseases
One health Perspective and Vector Borne DiseasesOne health Perspective and Vector Borne Diseases
One health Perspective and Vector Borne Diseases
 
An integrated genomic surveillance platform reveals multiple introductions an...
An integrated genomic surveillance platform reveals multiple introductions an...An integrated genomic surveillance platform reveals multiple introductions an...
An integrated genomic surveillance platform reveals multiple introductions an...
 
Rapid Impact Assessment of Climatic and Physio-graphic Changes on Flagship G...
Rapid Impact Assessment of Climatic and Physio-graphic Changes  on Flagship G...Rapid Impact Assessment of Climatic and Physio-graphic Changes  on Flagship G...
Rapid Impact Assessment of Climatic and Physio-graphic Changes on Flagship G...
 
Genomic Selection in Plants
Genomic Selection in PlantsGenomic Selection in Plants
Genomic Selection in Plants
 
Genetic variation and its role in health pharmacology
Genetic variation and its role in health pharmacologyGenetic variation and its role in health pharmacology
Genetic variation and its role in health pharmacology
 
EU PathoNGenTraceConsortium:cgMLST Evolvement and Challenges for Harmonization
EU PathoNGenTraceConsortium:cgMLST Evolvement and Challenges for HarmonizationEU PathoNGenTraceConsortium:cgMLST Evolvement and Challenges for Harmonization
EU PathoNGenTraceConsortium:cgMLST Evolvement and Challenges for Harmonization
 
Informatics and data analytics to support for exposome-based discovery
Informatics and data analytics to support for exposome-based discoveryInformatics and data analytics to support for exposome-based discovery
Informatics and data analytics to support for exposome-based discovery
 

Recently uploaded

Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
janvikumar4133
 
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
janvikumar4133
 
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Ak47
 
Group 14 presentation.pptx on Microbial fuel cell
Group 14 presentation.pptx on Microbial fuel cellGroup 14 presentation.pptx on Microbial fuel cell
Group 14 presentation.pptx on Microbial fuel cell
temitayopaul1
 
University of California, Irvine degree offer diploma Transcript
University of California, Irvine degree offer diploma TranscriptUniversity of California, Irvine degree offer diploma Transcript
University of California, Irvine degree offer diploma Transcript
etwvyv
 
COM322A slide show singapore ambitious green plan 2030
COM322A slide show singapore ambitious green plan 2030COM322A slide show singapore ambitious green plan 2030
COM322A slide show singapore ambitious green plan 2030
shannenchiww
 
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
3610stuck
 
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
radhika sharma
 
Carbon Capture in OAPEC Countries and the Circular Economy: A Roadmap to Zero...
Carbon Capture in OAPEC Countries and the Circular Economy: A Roadmap to Zero...Carbon Capture in OAPEC Countries and the Circular Economy: A Roadmap to Zero...
Carbon Capture in OAPEC Countries and the Circular Economy: A Roadmap to Zero...
Dr. Salem Baidas
 
Ecosystem(Types of Ecosystem in natural habitat)
Ecosystem(Types of Ecosystem in natural habitat)Ecosystem(Types of Ecosystem in natural habitat)
Ecosystem(Types of Ecosystem in natural habitat)
shubhamve111yadav
 
Bio-Medical Waste Management in Patna City.pptx
Bio-Medical Waste Management in Patna City.pptxBio-Medical Waste Management in Patna City.pptx
Bio-Medical Waste Management in Patna City.pptx
Himanshu Srivastava
 
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
44annissa
 
VVIP Girls Call Bangalore 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
VVIP Girls Call Bangalore 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...VVIP Girls Call Bangalore 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
VVIP Girls Call Bangalore 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
nitikag840
 
VIP Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
VIP Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...VIP Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
VIP Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
janvikumar4133
 
RU-IITH産学国際協働PBLプログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン「廃棄物発電とIoTゴミ箱によるインド農村部の電力グリッド網の構築」
RU-IITH産学国際協働PBLプログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン「廃棄物発電とIoTゴミ箱によるインド農村部の電力グリッド網の構築」RU-IITH産学国際協働PBLプログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン「廃棄物発電とIoTゴミ箱によるインド農村部の電力グリッド網の構築」
RU-IITH産学国際協働PBLプログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン「廃棄物発電とIoTゴミ箱によるインド農村部の電力グリッド網の構築」
Katsuya Shiratori
 
The Niger Delta Environmental Advocacy Strategy in the Drive for Internationa...
The Niger Delta Environmental Advocacy Strategy in the Drive for Internationa...The Niger Delta Environmental Advocacy Strategy in the Drive for Internationa...
The Niger Delta Environmental Advocacy Strategy in the Drive for Internationa...
SAMASI ANDERSON
 
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistryPhysicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
ShriNRPrasad
 
Global Climate Change Presentation of the world
Global Climate Change Presentation of the worldGlobal Climate Change Presentation of the world
Global Climate Change Presentation of the world
tkubatbekov
 
Verified Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Verified Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...Verified Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Verified Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
kinni singh$A17
 
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdfTop benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
aaman
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
 
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
Top Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
 
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Mayur Vihar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
 
Group 14 presentation.pptx on Microbial fuel cell
Group 14 presentation.pptx on Microbial fuel cellGroup 14 presentation.pptx on Microbial fuel cell
Group 14 presentation.pptx on Microbial fuel cell
 
University of California, Irvine degree offer diploma Transcript
University of California, Irvine degree offer diploma TranscriptUniversity of California, Irvine degree offer diploma Transcript
University of California, Irvine degree offer diploma Transcript
 
COM322A slide show singapore ambitious green plan 2030
COM322A slide show singapore ambitious green plan 2030COM322A slide show singapore ambitious green plan 2030
COM322A slide show singapore ambitious green plan 2030
 
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
High Profile Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9930687706 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Servic...
 
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
Mumbai Girls Call WhatsApp Numbers 🫦9967584737🫦 List For Friendship Girls Ser...
 
Carbon Capture in OAPEC Countries and the Circular Economy: A Roadmap to Zero...
Carbon Capture in OAPEC Countries and the Circular Economy: A Roadmap to Zero...Carbon Capture in OAPEC Countries and the Circular Economy: A Roadmap to Zero...
Carbon Capture in OAPEC Countries and the Circular Economy: A Roadmap to Zero...
 
Ecosystem(Types of Ecosystem in natural habitat)
Ecosystem(Types of Ecosystem in natural habitat)Ecosystem(Types of Ecosystem in natural habitat)
Ecosystem(Types of Ecosystem in natural habitat)
 
Bio-Medical Waste Management in Patna City.pptx
Bio-Medical Waste Management in Patna City.pptxBio-Medical Waste Management in Patna City.pptx
Bio-Medical Waste Management in Patna City.pptx
 
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Beautiful Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
 
VVIP Girls Call Bangalore 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
VVIP Girls Call Bangalore 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...VVIP Girls Call Bangalore 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
VVIP Girls Call Bangalore 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
 
VIP Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
VIP Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...VIP Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
VIP Girls Call Delhi 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in ...
 
RU-IITH産学国際協働PBLプログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン「廃棄物発電とIoTゴミ箱によるインド農村部の電力グリッド網の構築」
RU-IITH産学国際協働PBLプログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン「廃棄物発電とIoTゴミ箱によるインド農村部の電力グリッド網の構築」RU-IITH産学国際協働PBLプログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン「廃棄物発電とIoTゴミ箱によるインド農村部の電力グリッド網の構築」
RU-IITH産学国際協働PBLプログラム電力チーム最終プレゼン「廃棄物発電とIoTゴミ箱によるインド農村部の電力グリッド網の構築」
 
The Niger Delta Environmental Advocacy Strategy in the Drive for Internationa...
The Niger Delta Environmental Advocacy Strategy in the Drive for Internationa...The Niger Delta Environmental Advocacy Strategy in the Drive for Internationa...
The Niger Delta Environmental Advocacy Strategy in the Drive for Internationa...
 
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistryPhysicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
Physicochemical Properties of Water chemistry
 
Global Climate Change Presentation of the world
Global Climate Change Presentation of the worldGlobal Climate Change Presentation of the world
Global Climate Change Presentation of the world
 
Verified Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Verified Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...Verified Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Verified Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
 
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdfTop benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
Top benefits of planting a tree in India 1.pdf
 

Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data

  • 1. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Meredith C. Schuman and the ISSI International Team “Genes from Space” Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data https://teams.issibern.ch/genesfromspace/
  • 2. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Genetic diversity is a foundation of biodiversity 2 Hoban S et al. (2022) Global genetic diversity status and trends: towards a suite of Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs) for genetic composition. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12852 Genetic diversity Resilience & adaptive potential Maintenance & evolution
  • 3. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH 3 Hoban S et al. (2022) Global genetic diversity status and trends: towards a suite of Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs) for genetic composition. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12852 Population-level effects are key indicators Genetic diversity Resilience & adaptive potential Maintenance & evolution
  • 4. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Population-level effects are key indicators 4 Laikre L et al. (2008) Potentials for monitoring gene level biodiversity: using Sweden as an example. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9335-2 Hoban S et al. (2020) Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework… https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108654 Laikre L et al. (2020) Post-2020 goals overlook genetic diversity. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abb2748 Populations that are too small degrade
  • 5. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH 5 Populations that are too small degrade All mature individuals (Nc) Ne:Nc Ratio ~ 0.1 Effective size (Ne) Their effective size Ne can be estimated with DNA or by a ratio of the census Population-level effects are key indicators Laikre L et al. (2008) Potentials for monitoring gene level biodiversity: using Sweden as an example. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9335-2 Hoban S et al. (2020) Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework… https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108654 Laikre L et al. (2020) Post-2020 goals overlook genetic diversity. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abb2748
  • 6. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH 6 Populations that are too small degrade Headline Indicator A.4, Target 4 Proportion of populations within species with an effective population size (Ne) > 500 Their effective size Ne can be estimated with DNA or by a ratio of the census All mature individuals (Nc) Ne:Nc Ratio ~ 0.1 Effective size (Ne) Population-level effects are key indicators Laikre L et al. (2008) Potentials for monitoring gene level biodiversity: using Sweden as an example. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9335-2 Hoban S et al. (2020) Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework… https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108654 Laikre L et al. (2020) Post-2020 goals overlook genetic diversity. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abb2748
  • 7. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Some population-level effects are detectable from space 7 Rondônia, Brasil, Landsat 5, 08 July 1989 (left) and Sentinel-2, 29 June 2022 (right), 30 m See also Global Forest Watch initiative, https://www.globalforestwatch.org/
  • 8. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH There are fleets of public space-based detectors 8
  • 9. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Yet, genetic diversity is not a target… 9 “… [T]he EBV class genetic composition (3,4) cannot yet be remotely sensed from space and is not considered further.” Focus on potential of current and upcoming technologies, genetic diversity still out-of-scope
  • 10. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH We think that it should be, and it will change how we measure genetic diversity 10 Rondônia, Brasil, Landsat 5, 08 July 1989 (left) and Sentinel-2, 29 June 2022 (right), 30 m See also Global Forest Watch initiative, https://www.globalforestwatch.org/
  • 11. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH 11 Gitelson pigment indices calculated by A. Damm-Reiser, APEX Mission MM020_OENS_100626 (2010, Oensingen, Switzerland); Band combination: R-G-B = 2-1-3 = Chlorophyll-Carotenoid-Anthocyanin We think that it should be, and it will change how we measure genetic diversity
  • 12. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Map population boundaries Populations maintained Proportion with Ne>500 Monitor change Targeted re- assessment and action 12 Spatial data, habitat information Historical satellite data Nc (or Ne) estimate from area*density, models, or features Change over time (days to weeks) EO adds: Information for action Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (2023) Monitor indicators of genetic diversity from space using Earth Observation data. https://doi.org/10.32942/X2ZP53
  • 13. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Are they there? 13 Fretwell P (2024) Four unreported emperor penguin colonies discovered by satellite. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102023000329
  • 14. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Are they there? 14 Fretwell P (2024) Four unreported emperor penguin colonies discovered by satellite. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102023000329
  • 15. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Are they still there? 15 Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth Observation satellites to monitor genetic diversity.
  • 16. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Will they still be there? 16 Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth Observation satellites to monitor genetic diversity.
  • 17. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH How are they doing? Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth Observation satellites to monitor genetic diversity. 17
  • 18. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH How are they doing? 18 Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth Observation… Helfenstein I et al. (2024) Satellite observations reveal positive… https://doi.org/10.32942/X24619
  • 19. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH How related are they? (sometimes) 19 Guillén-Escribà et al. (2021) Remotely sensed between-individual… https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7758 Czyż et al. (2023) Genetic constraints on temporal… https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2022.113338
  • 20. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Leverage EO for genetic diversity monitoring Schuman MC, Roeoesli C, et al. (submitted) Genes from Space: Leveraging Earth Observation satellites to monitor genetic diversity. 20
  • 21. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Thank you! Michael: Marc Latzel, CC BY-SA 4.0 21 https://teams.issibern.ch/genesfromspace/
  • 22. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH 22 Uses of EO data Implementation for genetic diversity monitoring Current limitations Species range and habitat mapping Accuracy increases with prior knowledge and in terrestrial habitats Inference of census size from dispersal distance data, occupation density data, or occasionally counts of dominant individuals; supports assessment of Ne >500 Cannot directly measure effective or census population sizes (Ne or Nc) Estimate population size and number Accuracy increases when combined with observational data Inferred population locations can be combined with other data (e.g. biogeographical, traditional knowledge) to infer population distinctiveness or support the design of comprehensive DNA studies to confirm this Cannot independently identify genetically distinct populations Detect habitat and ecosystem change Requires a baseline and continued monitoring Develop EO-based alert systems to support genetic diversity protection in real time and to monitor inferred PM or Ne>500 over time Cannot detect all on-the-ground threats to individuals (e.g., poaching) Map variation or change in species visible from space e.g., trait variation, settlements, migration, breeding activities, species interactions Currently still a focus of research Cannot directly estimate genetic diversity
  • 23. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH 23
  • 24. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH 24 Sentinel-2 mosaic from Google Earth Engine (Gorelick et al., 2017, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.06.031) for visualization purposes, overlaid with species distribution and isolated localities (dots) (Caudullo et al., 2017, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2017.05.007): F. sylvatica sylvatica (blue) and F. sylvatica orientalis (red).
  • 25. GENES FROM SPACE © RSL UZH Will they still be there? 25