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TYPES OF
COMMUNITY
Classification of communities into the
following categories:
• Communities of place
• Communities of interest
• Identity-based communities
• Communities of need
• Communities of practice
.
• COMMUNITY OF PLACE
1. Urban community – An urban community
is a place-based community that has its own
unique structure and needs. Urban
communities are densely-populated and
often rely upon peripheral communities to
provide food and materials, while they offer
services to other communities in return.
2. Suburban community – Suburban
communities are less dense than urban
and often have high numbers of families
and children. Their interests may be
focused on family planning, education,
and cost of living pressures.
3. Rural community – Rural communities are
often oriented around agrarian lifestyles and
have unique concerns such as access to
healthcare and services despite the fact they’re
far from service providers. They also tend to, on
average, have a higher degree of conservative
political leaning due to the need to rely on self
and neighbor over government.
4. Neighborhood – A neighborhood may be
a small subset of any of the above
communities of place. It refers to a small
group of people who live in very close
proximity and may share local services
such as shops or a local elementary
school.
4. Neighborhood – A neighborhood may be
a small subset of any of the above
communities of place. It refers to a small
group of people who live in very close
proximity and may share local services
such as shops or a local elementary
school.
4. Neighborhood – A neighborhood may be
a small subset of any of the above
communities of place. It refers to a small
group of people who live in very close
proximity and may share local services
such as shops or a local elementary
school.
6. National community – Benedict
Anderson referred to nations as ‘imagined
communities’. They’re groups of people
who will never see all of their compatriots
face-to-face but have a shared sense of
identity and purpose built up by mass
media and governmental institutions that
promote a nationalistic worldview.
7. Global community – The global
community encompasses everyone
in the world.
2. COMMUNITY OF INTEREST
8. Subcultures – Subcultural communities
cohere around common beliefs and
interest that are distinct from the beliefs
and interests of the dominant culture in
which they live. For example, we could
think of the surfing community, gaming
community, and so on.
9. Countercultures – Like subcultures,
countercultures sit within a dominant
culture but are distinct cultural groups.
But unlike subcultures, countercultures
are oppositional to the dominant culture.
For example, hippies, the Amish, and cult
groups are countercultural community
groups.
9. Countercultures – Like subcultures,
countercultures sit within a dominant
culture but are distinct cultural groups.
But unlike subcultures, countercultures
are oppositional to the dominant culture.
For example, hippies, the Amish, and cult
groups are countercultural community
groups.
10. Sporting communities – Sporting
communities cohere around a common
interest in a shared sport. They often
develop their own practices, events, and
phrases. For example, the global football
community share the football world cup as
their peak even
3. IDENTITY BASED-
COMMUNITIES
11. Religious communities – Religious
communities cohere around spiritual beliefs
and practices. They may come together to
worship, but also act as networks of support
groups around the world. For example, if you
move cities, you will be able to connect with
branches of people within your religion in the
new city who can act as your new support
network.
12. Virtual communities – A virtual
community gets together online. In the
digital age, people increasingly form
identities and support networks online
based upon common interests rather
than through nationalistic and regional
identity features.
13. Ethnic group – People with a shared
ethnicity have common history,
practices, cultures, and beliefs. This
leads them to naturally coming together
to engage in their cultural practices as a
coherent community group.
4. COMMUNITIES OF NEEDS
14. Disabled community – As with
all communities of need, disabled
people come together to share
their common experiences,
advocate for their shared needs,
and support one another.
15. Deaf community – A subset of the
disabled community, the deaf community is a
well-known community who come together
out of shared need and interest. For example,
deaf people can come together because they
share a language – sign language (although
there are many!) – and there is even a distinct
deaf culture with shared social norms.
16. Elderly community – We see elderly
communities coming together to share a
common experience of aging. Often, these
communities both allow for shared medical
resources and a joyous sense of active
community-building in the final quarter of
life.
17. Migrant and expat communities –
Migrants often come together in new
countries to support one another.
They may have shared language and
culture, but also shared experiences,
that draw them together.
5. COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE
18. Professional community –
Professional communities are groups of
people who share a profession or
expertise. These groups often advocate
for their profession, set minimum
standards and engage in shared
professional development and ongoing
learning.
19. Guilds and associations – Guilds
and associations are similar to
professional communities, but may
not necessarily be connected to a
profession. They may be connected
to a hobby such as woodworking or
birdwatching.
20. Business communities – Generally
referred to as ‘the business community’,
this is a group of people who advocate for
businesspeople and entrepreneurs. They
may share experiences running businesses
and advocate for legal changes that make
running a business easier, less
bureaucratic, or more efficient.
21. Economic communities – Economic
communities are larger-scale than business
communities and linked to nation-state
economies. It may be, for example, APEC –
the Asia-Pacific Economic Community –
which is essentially a trade bloc with
lowered tariffs and standardized trade
agreements. Similarly, we have the
European Economic Community.
RESOURCES:
https://helpfulprofessor.com/types-of-
communities/

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MODULE 2_TYPES OF COMMUNITY_COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT

  • 2. Classification of communities into the following categories: • Communities of place • Communities of interest • Identity-based communities • Communities of need • Communities of practice .
  • 4. 1. Urban community – An urban community is a place-based community that has its own unique structure and needs. Urban communities are densely-populated and often rely upon peripheral communities to provide food and materials, while they offer services to other communities in return.
  • 5. 2. Suburban community – Suburban communities are less dense than urban and often have high numbers of families and children. Their interests may be focused on family planning, education, and cost of living pressures.
  • 6. 3. Rural community – Rural communities are often oriented around agrarian lifestyles and have unique concerns such as access to healthcare and services despite the fact they’re far from service providers. They also tend to, on average, have a higher degree of conservative political leaning due to the need to rely on self and neighbor over government.
  • 7. 4. Neighborhood – A neighborhood may be a small subset of any of the above communities of place. It refers to a small group of people who live in very close proximity and may share local services such as shops or a local elementary school.
  • 8. 4. Neighborhood – A neighborhood may be a small subset of any of the above communities of place. It refers to a small group of people who live in very close proximity and may share local services such as shops or a local elementary school.
  • 9. 4. Neighborhood – A neighborhood may be a small subset of any of the above communities of place. It refers to a small group of people who live in very close proximity and may share local services such as shops or a local elementary school.
  • 10. 6. National community – Benedict Anderson referred to nations as ‘imagined communities’. They’re groups of people who will never see all of their compatriots face-to-face but have a shared sense of identity and purpose built up by mass media and governmental institutions that promote a nationalistic worldview.
  • 11. 7. Global community – The global community encompasses everyone in the world.
  • 12. 2. COMMUNITY OF INTEREST
  • 13. 8. Subcultures – Subcultural communities cohere around common beliefs and interest that are distinct from the beliefs and interests of the dominant culture in which they live. For example, we could think of the surfing community, gaming community, and so on.
  • 14. 9. Countercultures – Like subcultures, countercultures sit within a dominant culture but are distinct cultural groups. But unlike subcultures, countercultures are oppositional to the dominant culture. For example, hippies, the Amish, and cult groups are countercultural community groups.
  • 15. 9. Countercultures – Like subcultures, countercultures sit within a dominant culture but are distinct cultural groups. But unlike subcultures, countercultures are oppositional to the dominant culture. For example, hippies, the Amish, and cult groups are countercultural community groups.
  • 16. 10. Sporting communities – Sporting communities cohere around a common interest in a shared sport. They often develop their own practices, events, and phrases. For example, the global football community share the football world cup as their peak even
  • 18. 11. Religious communities – Religious communities cohere around spiritual beliefs and practices. They may come together to worship, but also act as networks of support groups around the world. For example, if you move cities, you will be able to connect with branches of people within your religion in the new city who can act as your new support network.
  • 19. 12. Virtual communities – A virtual community gets together online. In the digital age, people increasingly form identities and support networks online based upon common interests rather than through nationalistic and regional identity features.
  • 20. 13. Ethnic group – People with a shared ethnicity have common history, practices, cultures, and beliefs. This leads them to naturally coming together to engage in their cultural practices as a coherent community group.
  • 22. 14. Disabled community – As with all communities of need, disabled people come together to share their common experiences, advocate for their shared needs, and support one another.
  • 23. 15. Deaf community – A subset of the disabled community, the deaf community is a well-known community who come together out of shared need and interest. For example, deaf people can come together because they share a language – sign language (although there are many!) – and there is even a distinct deaf culture with shared social norms.
  • 24. 16. Elderly community – We see elderly communities coming together to share a common experience of aging. Often, these communities both allow for shared medical resources and a joyous sense of active community-building in the final quarter of life.
  • 25. 17. Migrant and expat communities – Migrants often come together in new countries to support one another. They may have shared language and culture, but also shared experiences, that draw them together.
  • 26. 5. COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE
  • 27. 18. Professional community – Professional communities are groups of people who share a profession or expertise. These groups often advocate for their profession, set minimum standards and engage in shared professional development and ongoing learning.
  • 28. 19. Guilds and associations – Guilds and associations are similar to professional communities, but may not necessarily be connected to a profession. They may be connected to a hobby such as woodworking or birdwatching.
  • 29. 20. Business communities – Generally referred to as ‘the business community’, this is a group of people who advocate for businesspeople and entrepreneurs. They may share experiences running businesses and advocate for legal changes that make running a business easier, less bureaucratic, or more efficient.
  • 30. 21. Economic communities – Economic communities are larger-scale than business communities and linked to nation-state economies. It may be, for example, APEC – the Asia-Pacific Economic Community – which is essentially a trade bloc with lowered tariffs and standardized trade agreements. Similarly, we have the European Economic Community.

Editor's Notes

  1. 1.7.2013
  2. 1.7.2013