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Modelling the development
of practice
Views of the archive
through ontologies
Athanasios Velios - @a_velios
Musing inside... SYSTEMS – 8 Nov 2016
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Heritage conservation
●
conserving objects
●
documenting objects
Heritage conservation
●
conserving objects
●
documenting objects recording evidence→
© The Trustees of the Natural History Museum, London
Heritage conservation
●
conserving objects
●
documenting objects recording evidence→ →
recording conclusions from evidence
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Heritage conservation
●
conserving objects
●
documenting objects recording evidence→ →
recording conclusions from evidence →
representing knowledge
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Archiving
●
organising papers
●
documenting objects recording evidence→ →
recording conclusions from evidence →
representing knowledge
evidence
knowledge
Reality
Reality Model of reality
Archival document
Person
hascreator
Reality Model of reality Database from model
Archival document
Person
hascreator
JLA.2.35
John Latham
hascreator
Reality Model of reality Database from model
Archival document
Person
hascreator
JLA.2.2467
Tate Gallery
hascreator
Ontologies
Knowledge representation
1
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Build an ontology
●
Define entities (concepts)
archival document – person – creator – etc.
Build an ontology
●
Define entities (concepts)
archival document – person – creator – etc.
●
Define properties of entities
i.e. what makes an entity different from another
Build an ontology
●
Define entities (concepts)
archival document – person – creator – etc.
●
Define properties of entities
i.e. what makes an entity different from another
person : creator
Build an ontology
●
Define entities (concepts)
archival document – person – creator – etc.
●
Define properties of entities
i.e. what makes an entity different from another
person : creator
has first name
haslastnam
e
has date of birth
has created
has modified
Build an ontology
●
Define entities (concepts)
archival document – person – creator – etc.
●
Define properties of entities
●
Organise entities hierarchically
Build an ontology
●
Define entities (concepts)
archival document – person – creator – etc.
●
Define properties of entities
●
Organise entities hierarchically
creator
person
group
organisation
Modelling history
CIDOC-CRM
2
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/docs/cidoc_crm_version_6.2.docx
E2-Temporal Entity
E4--Period
E5---Event
E7----Activity
E11-----Modification
E12------Production
E79------Part Addition
E13-----Attribute Assignment
E65-----Creation
E63----Beginning of Existence
E12-----Production
E65-----Creation
E64----End of Existence
E77-Persistent Item
E70--Thing
E72---Legal Object
E18----Physical Thing
E24-----Physical Man-Made Thing
E90 ----Symbolic Object
E71---Man-Made Thing
E24----Physical Man-Made Thing
E28----Conceptual Object
E89-----Propositional Object
E30------Right
E73------Information Object
E90-----Symbolic Object
E41------Appellation
E73------Information Object
E55-----Type
E39--Actor
E74---Group
E52-Time-Span
E53-Place
E54-Dimension
E2-Temporal Entity
E4--Period
E5---Event
E7----Activity
E11-----Modification
E12------Production
E79------Part Addition
E13-----Attribute Assignment
E65-----Creation
E63----Beginning of Existence
E12-----Production
E65-----Creation
E64----End of Existence
E77-Persistent Item
E70--Thing
E72---Legal Object
E18----Physical Thing
E24-----Physical Man-Made Thing
E90 ----Symbolic Object
E71---Man-Made Thing
E24----Physical Man-Made Thing
E28----Conceptual Object
E89-----Propositional Object
E30------Right
E73------Information Object
E90-----Symbolic Object
E41------Appellation
E73------Information Object
E55-----Type
E39--Actor
E74---Group
E52-Time-Span
E53-Place
E54-Dimension
Connections through events
●
people
●
places
●
time
●
objects
– used
– produced documents now located in an→
archive
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Handwritten notes
regarding the Niddrie
as the process
sculpture
Original
author/
document
14/11/1979
Original
author/
document
Document
photocopied
14/11/1979 + 1 week
Original
author/
document
Document
photocopied
Annotations
added – new
author
14/11/1979 + 1 week + 3 months
Original
author/
document
Document
photocopied
Annotations
added – new
author
Other events
– later years
14/11/1979 + 1 week + 3 months
production
of original
production
of photocopy
modified
object
Other events
– later years
P108:has produced
P4:hastime
span
P4:hastimespan
P149:identifiedby
P4:hastime
span
14/11/1979 21/11/1979 14/2/1980
P14:carriedoutby
P14:carriedoutby
John Latham
EveningNews
docid: 1562
E12 Production
E12 Production
E11 Modification
Modelling art practice
PROV-Artivity
3
Gino Ballantyne: As Long as the Band Plays and Everyone Marches in Step
Reality
Reality Model of reality
W3C PROV
Reality Model of reality
W3C PROV
Database from model
Artivity
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Gino Ballantyne: As Long as the Band Plays and Everyone Marches in Step
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies
Gino Ballantyne: As Long as the Band Plays and Everyone Marches in Step
(wifi – GPS data)
Gino Ballantyne: As Long as the Band Plays and Everyone Marches in Step
Potential answers
●
One artist over time
– development of work
– development of technique
●
Many artists
– overview of current trends
– in an organisation/studio/class/department
●
Many artists over time
– Trends in digital arts over time
– Trends in methods and online research
Final comments
●
Ontology development is a good way to test
our understanding of the world we research
Final comments
●
Ontology development is a good way to test
our understanding of the world we research
●
Understanding the model allows you to ask
better questions
Final comments
●
Ontology development is a good way to test
our understanding of the world we research
●
Understanding the model allows you to ask
better questions
●
Is there an ontology for spatial design?
artivity.io
http://www.slideshare.net/avelios/
modelling-the-development-of-practice-
views-of-the-archive-through-ontologies

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Modelling the development of practice: Views of the archive through ontologies