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Turvallisuus- ja kemikaalivirasto (Tukes)
1
Review of mining authority on
exploration and mining
industry in Finland in 2019
Terho Liikamaa, Head of Unit 27.3.2020
Operating environment of mining in Finland
in 2019
EXPLORATION
2019 saw 46 companies submit
exploration reports to Tukes.
• Total exploration investments
dropped by 11% to 62,5 million
euros.
• Drilling dropped by 14% to 189
km/year.
2
MINING ACTIVITY
24 companies submitted excavation
reports to Tukes
• Total mining investments for 2019
were 525 million euros. The increase
was 42%. Biggest investment targets
were Boliden/Kevitsa,
AgnicoEagle/Kittilä, Outokumpu/Kemi,
Yara/Siilinjärvi and Sotkamo Silver.
• Total excavation of ore in mines
dropped by 9 % to 44,9 million tons.
• Total excavation of mines dropped by
12% to 115,1 million tons.
FRASER INSTITUTE ANNUAL – Survey
of Mining Companies 2019:
• The second jurisdiction in the world for
investment based on the Investment
Attractiveness Index is Finland, which
moved into 2nd place after ranking 17th
the previous year .
• Policy Perception Index: A “report
card” to governments on the
attractiveness of their mining policies.
Finland reached the top spot this year
with the highest PPI score of 100.
• Respondents, exploration and mining
companies, praise the licensing process
of Tukes and GTK's data files.
Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Tukes
Exploration and mining in Finland / Terho Liikamaa, Tukes
3
1 2 3
Reservation notification Exploration permit Mining permit
Valid max 2 years Valid max 15 years
For the purpose of preparing an
application for an exploration
permit.
An exploration permit is required for
gaining a privilege exploiting the
deposit. An exploration is subject to
exploration permit if the property
owner has not given consent to it.
All mines that are to be opened in
Finland require a mining permit
from Tukes. Mines also need a
mining safety permit and a permit
for handling and storing chemicals
and explosives from Tukes. All
mines need an environmental
permit from the environmental
authorities.
Major phases of exploration and mining permits
in Finland
Exploration in Finland 2010–2019
Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Ilkka Keskitalo, Tukes 4
2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Exploration
(million €)
62,8 70,4 61,4 41,0 34,5 39,1 52,8 86,8 81,0 60,8
No. of prospectors 46 44 46 41 42 41 38 45 52 49
No. of reservation notifications
No. of exploration applications/claims
88
149
50
148
96
185
68
98
50
70
61
120
64
125
197
250
178
58/197
138
0/250
Area of reservation, (km2) 31802
Area of claims/exploration (km2) 1869 1783 1613 1700 1930 1850 1400 1310 1080 890
Area of exploration applications
(km2)
3499 3573 3426 2.160 1980 3900 5450 8210 4620 2700
Drilling (kilometres)
• Grassroot
• Greenfield
• Brownfield
189
• 39
• 78
• 72
219
•34
•73
•112
273
•40
•53
•180
178
•20
•57
•101
130
• 23
• 51
• 56
142
• 26
• 46
• 70
179
• 32
• 51
• 95
366
• 36
• 103
• 227
369 363
Investments in ore prospecting 1995–2019
Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Ilkka Keskitalo, Tukes
5
0
20
40
60
80
100
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
Global Finland
million eurosmillion $
62,8 Me
Mining activity 2010–2019
Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Maria Kivi, Tukes
6
2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Number of mines
(REPORTED EXCAVATION)
44 46 44 42 45 40 46 50 52 51
Mine investments (million €) 525 390 303 242 157 190 200 320 555 297
Excavation of ore (million tons) 44,6 49,0 48,4 43,7 32,9 29,5 36,5 34,8 33,2 33,9
Total excavation (million tons) 115,1 130,1 120,4 117,2 89,2 74,8 79,4 68,4 72,0 71,5
Total excavation (million tons) of mines in
Finland 2001–2019
Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Maria Kivi, Tukes
7
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Million tons
Excavation (tons) for ore in 2001–2018
Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Maria Kivi, Tukes
8
Million tons
0.000000
10.000000
20.000000
30.000000
40.000000
50.000000
60.000000
Metal ores Carbonate mines Industry minerals and others Altogether
Total excavation (tons) of 16 biggest mines
in Finland 2019
Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Maria Kivi, Tukes
9
0 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000
Boliden Kevitsa Mining Oy, Sodankylä; Ni, Cu, PGE
Terrafame Oy, Sotkamo, Kajaani; Zn, Cu, Ni
Yara Suomi Oy, Siilinjärvi; Ap
Agnico Eagle Finland Oy, Kittilä; Au
Outokumpu Chrome Oy, Keminmaa; Cr
Nordkalk Oy Ab, Parainen; Kals
Elementis Minerals B.V., Sotkamo; Tlk, Ni
Nordkalk Oy Ab, Lappeenranta; Kals, Wo
Otso Gold Oy, Raahe; Au
Elementis Minerals B.V., Polvijärvi; Tlk, Ni
Pyhäsalmi Mine Oy, Pyhäjärvi; Cu, Zn, S
Elementis Minerals B.V., Polvijärvi; Tlk, Ni
Boliden Kylylahti Oy, Polvijärvi; Cu, Zn, Ni, Co
Sotkamo Silver Oy, Sotkamo; Ag, Au, Pb, Zn
Salon Mineraali Oy, Salo; Kals
Dragon Mining Oy, Valkeakoski; Au
Accident frequency mining accidents that resulted in more than one
day away from work 1972 - 2019 (number of accidents per million
working hours)
Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Aki Ijäs, Tukes
10
0
20
40
60
80
100
120 1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
5,5
More information about
mining and exploration in
Finland
Contact to mining authority
Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency (Tukes)
Address: Valtakatu 2, 96100 ROVANIEMI
• kaivosasiat@tukes.fi / miningauthority@tukes.fi
Homepage of the mining authority
• https://tukes.fi/en/industry/mining-ore-prospecting-
and-gold-panning
Map service of the mining register in Finland (in Finnish)
• http://gtkdata.gtk.fi/kaivosrekisteri/
Mineral Deposits, Exploration and Mining Registry (in
English)
• http://gtkdata.gtk.fi/mdae/index.html
11Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Tukes
Screenshot of mining registry
map service 24.3.2020

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Mining in Finland 2019

  • 1. Turvallisuus- ja kemikaalivirasto (Tukes) 1 Review of mining authority on exploration and mining industry in Finland in 2019 Terho Liikamaa, Head of Unit 27.3.2020
  • 2. Operating environment of mining in Finland in 2019 EXPLORATION 2019 saw 46 companies submit exploration reports to Tukes. • Total exploration investments dropped by 11% to 62,5 million euros. • Drilling dropped by 14% to 189 km/year. 2 MINING ACTIVITY 24 companies submitted excavation reports to Tukes • Total mining investments for 2019 were 525 million euros. The increase was 42%. Biggest investment targets were Boliden/Kevitsa, AgnicoEagle/Kittilä, Outokumpu/Kemi, Yara/Siilinjärvi and Sotkamo Silver. • Total excavation of ore in mines dropped by 9 % to 44,9 million tons. • Total excavation of mines dropped by 12% to 115,1 million tons. FRASER INSTITUTE ANNUAL – Survey of Mining Companies 2019: • The second jurisdiction in the world for investment based on the Investment Attractiveness Index is Finland, which moved into 2nd place after ranking 17th the previous year . • Policy Perception Index: A “report card” to governments on the attractiveness of their mining policies. Finland reached the top spot this year with the highest PPI score of 100. • Respondents, exploration and mining companies, praise the licensing process of Tukes and GTK's data files. Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Tukes
  • 3. Exploration and mining in Finland / Terho Liikamaa, Tukes 3 1 2 3 Reservation notification Exploration permit Mining permit Valid max 2 years Valid max 15 years For the purpose of preparing an application for an exploration permit. An exploration permit is required for gaining a privilege exploiting the deposit. An exploration is subject to exploration permit if the property owner has not given consent to it. All mines that are to be opened in Finland require a mining permit from Tukes. Mines also need a mining safety permit and a permit for handling and storing chemicals and explosives from Tukes. All mines need an environmental permit from the environmental authorities. Major phases of exploration and mining permits in Finland
  • 4. Exploration in Finland 2010–2019 Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Ilkka Keskitalo, Tukes 4 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Exploration (million €) 62,8 70,4 61,4 41,0 34,5 39,1 52,8 86,8 81,0 60,8 No. of prospectors 46 44 46 41 42 41 38 45 52 49 No. of reservation notifications No. of exploration applications/claims 88 149 50 148 96 185 68 98 50 70 61 120 64 125 197 250 178 58/197 138 0/250 Area of reservation, (km2) 31802 Area of claims/exploration (km2) 1869 1783 1613 1700 1930 1850 1400 1310 1080 890 Area of exploration applications (km2) 3499 3573 3426 2.160 1980 3900 5450 8210 4620 2700 Drilling (kilometres) • Grassroot • Greenfield • Brownfield 189 • 39 • 78 • 72 219 •34 •73 •112 273 •40 •53 •180 178 •20 •57 •101 130 • 23 • 51 • 56 142 • 26 • 46 • 70 179 • 32 • 51 • 95 366 • 36 • 103 • 227 369 363
  • 5. Investments in ore prospecting 1995–2019 Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Ilkka Keskitalo, Tukes 5 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 Global Finland million eurosmillion $ 62,8 Me
  • 6. Mining activity 2010–2019 Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Maria Kivi, Tukes 6 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Number of mines (REPORTED EXCAVATION) 44 46 44 42 45 40 46 50 52 51 Mine investments (million €) 525 390 303 242 157 190 200 320 555 297 Excavation of ore (million tons) 44,6 49,0 48,4 43,7 32,9 29,5 36,5 34,8 33,2 33,9 Total excavation (million tons) 115,1 130,1 120,4 117,2 89,2 74,8 79,4 68,4 72,0 71,5
  • 7. Total excavation (million tons) of mines in Finland 2001–2019 Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Maria Kivi, Tukes 7 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Million tons
  • 8. Excavation (tons) for ore in 2001–2018 Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Maria Kivi, Tukes 8 Million tons 0.000000 10.000000 20.000000 30.000000 40.000000 50.000000 60.000000 Metal ores Carbonate mines Industry minerals and others Altogether
  • 9. Total excavation (tons) of 16 biggest mines in Finland 2019 Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Maria Kivi, Tukes 9 0 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000 Boliden Kevitsa Mining Oy, Sodankylä; Ni, Cu, PGE Terrafame Oy, Sotkamo, Kajaani; Zn, Cu, Ni Yara Suomi Oy, Siilinjärvi; Ap Agnico Eagle Finland Oy, Kittilä; Au Outokumpu Chrome Oy, Keminmaa; Cr Nordkalk Oy Ab, Parainen; Kals Elementis Minerals B.V., Sotkamo; Tlk, Ni Nordkalk Oy Ab, Lappeenranta; Kals, Wo Otso Gold Oy, Raahe; Au Elementis Minerals B.V., Polvijärvi; Tlk, Ni Pyhäsalmi Mine Oy, Pyhäjärvi; Cu, Zn, S Elementis Minerals B.V., Polvijärvi; Tlk, Ni Boliden Kylylahti Oy, Polvijärvi; Cu, Zn, Ni, Co Sotkamo Silver Oy, Sotkamo; Ag, Au, Pb, Zn Salon Mineraali Oy, Salo; Kals Dragon Mining Oy, Valkeakoski; Au
  • 10. Accident frequency mining accidents that resulted in more than one day away from work 1972 - 2019 (number of accidents per million working hours) Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Aki Ijäs, Tukes 10 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 5,5
  • 11. More information about mining and exploration in Finland Contact to mining authority Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency (Tukes) Address: Valtakatu 2, 96100 ROVANIEMI • kaivosasiat@tukes.fi / miningauthority@tukes.fi Homepage of the mining authority • https://tukes.fi/en/industry/mining-ore-prospecting- and-gold-panning Map service of the mining register in Finland (in Finnish) • http://gtkdata.gtk.fi/kaivosrekisteri/ Mineral Deposits, Exploration and Mining Registry (in English) • http://gtkdata.gtk.fi/mdae/index.html 11Exploration and mining in Finland 2019 / Terho Liikamaa, Tukes Screenshot of mining registry map service 24.3.2020