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Heavy-duty 
vehicles 
and their greenhouse 
gas emissions 
Heavy-duty 
vehicles in Europe* 
of which vehicles that comply 
with the following standard 
I II III IV V 
1992 1998 2000 2005 2008 
The standards In g/kWh 
NOX CO HC PM 
Oxides of Nitrogen Carbon monoxide Hydrocarbons Parculate Maer 
0,13 
* 30 out of 32 member states of the European 
Environment Agency (the 27 EU countries 
plus Norway, Switzerland and Turkey) 
Source: European Environment Agency 
8 
7 
6 
5 
4 
3 
2 
1 
Heavy-duty vehicles and 
their greenhouse gas emissions 
In millions of vehicles 
per type 
Long-haul 
transport 2 
Services 
Medium-haul 
transport 
Local 
transport 
Local passenger 
transport 
Municipal 
services 
Medium- and 
long-haul 
passenger 
transport 
1,9 
1,2 
0,45 
0,45 
0,4 
0,4 
1,5 
100 
35 
40 
12 
25 
15 
18 
In millions of tonnes 
of CO2 per type of vehicle 
Heavy-duty vehicles 
alone represent 
6% 
of global 
CO2 emissions 
100% 
80% 
60% 
40% 
20% 
0% 
1995 2005 2011 
Pre-standard 
vehicles 
Euro… 
7,8 million heavy-duty 
vehicles in the EU 
Generating 275 
million tonnes of CO2 
0 
Euro 
1 2 
Euro 
3 
Euro 
4 
Euro 
5 
Euro 
6 
1,1 
0,66 
0,46 
8 
7 
5 
3,5 
2 
0,36 
0,15 0,10 0,02 
4,5 
4 
2,1 
1,5 
0,4 
0,01 
Source: Commission européenne, TIAX 
(«European Union Greenhouse Gas Reduction 
Potential for Heavy-Duty Vehicles», 2011) 
A company of Michelin group www.michelin-solutions.com

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Heavy-duty vehicles

  • 1. Heavy-duty vehicles and their greenhouse gas emissions Heavy-duty vehicles in Europe* of which vehicles that comply with the following standard I II III IV V 1992 1998 2000 2005 2008 The standards In g/kWh NOX CO HC PM Oxides of Nitrogen Carbon monoxide Hydrocarbons Parculate Maer 0,13 * 30 out of 32 member states of the European Environment Agency (the 27 EU countries plus Norway, Switzerland and Turkey) Source: European Environment Agency 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Heavy-duty vehicles and their greenhouse gas emissions In millions of vehicles per type Long-haul transport 2 Services Medium-haul transport Local transport Local passenger transport Municipal services Medium- and long-haul passenger transport 1,9 1,2 0,45 0,45 0,4 0,4 1,5 100 35 40 12 25 15 18 In millions of tonnes of CO2 per type of vehicle Heavy-duty vehicles alone represent 6% of global CO2 emissions 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 1995 2005 2011 Pre-standard vehicles Euro… 7,8 million heavy-duty vehicles in the EU Generating 275 million tonnes of CO2 0 Euro 1 2 Euro 3 Euro 4 Euro 5 Euro 6 1,1 0,66 0,46 8 7 5 3,5 2 0,36 0,15 0,10 0,02 4,5 4 2,1 1,5 0,4 0,01 Source: Commission européenne, TIAX («European Union Greenhouse Gas Reduction Potential for Heavy-Duty Vehicles», 2011) A company of Michelin group www.michelin-solutions.com