SlideShare a Scribd company logo
BUSINESS VALUATION &
FINANCIAL ADVISORY SERVICES
VALUE FOCUS
Exploration & Production
First Quarter 2020 // Region Focus: Eagle Ford
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
In the first quarter of 2020 oil benchmarks ended arguably their worst quarter in
history with a thud. The concurrent overlapping impact of (i) discord created by
the OPEC / Russian rift and resulting supply surge; and (ii) the drop in demand
due to COVID-19 related issues was historic.
Brent crude prices began the quarter around $67 per barrel and dropped to
$50 per barrel by early March before plummeting to $19 per barrel by the end of
March. WTI pricing behaved similarly although it continues to trail Brent pricing
by a narrowing margin (about $5 per barrel) at the end of the quarter. Natural
gas has trended downward but has been more stable in the U.S. as its pricing
has become increasingly more regionally tied and relatively less dependent on
world oil price drivers.
The first quarter of 2020 provided a lack of positive news for investors in
the Eagle Ford and, frankly, other basins as well. The coronavirus impact,
along with the Saudi-Russian price war, hindered M&A activity while causing
uncertainty in the energy markets. Aside from the global pandemic and OPEC+
conflict, the Eagle Ford is facing challenges relative to the other basins in the
U.S. The beneficial infrastructure marketing position that the Eagle Ford has
relied on historically has becomes less advantageous, as pipelines from the
Permian to the Gulf Coast are ramping up.
If there is any good news to report, it is that no companies of significant size
have filed for bankruptcy, but that may not last for much longer.
Contact Us
BUSINESS VALUATION &
FINANCIAL ADVISORY SERVICES
Industry Segments
Mercer Capital serves the following industry segments:
•	 Exploration & Production
•	 Oilfield Services
•	 Midstream
•	 Refining & Marketing
Oil and Gas Industry Services
Mercer Capital provides business valuation and financial advisory
services to companies throughout the U.S. in the oil & gas industry.
Services Provided
•	 Valuation of oil & gas companies
•	 Transaction advisory for acquisitions and
divestitures
•	 Valuations for purchase accounting and
impairment testing
•	 Fairness and solvency opinions
•	 Litigation support for economic damages and
valuation and shareholder disputes
Bryce Erickson, ASA, MRICS
214.468.8400
ericksonb@mercercapital.com
Dallas Office
Don Erickson, ASA
214.468.8400
ericksond@mercercapital.com
Dallas Office
J. David Smith, ASA, CFA
713.239.1005
smithd@mercercapital.com
Houston Office
Alex M. Barry, CFA
214.468.8400
barrya@mercercapital.com
Dallas Office
J. Michael Sousoulas, CPA
901.685.2120
sousoulasm@mercercapital.com
Memphis Office
Jake M. Stacy
214.468.8400
stacyj@mercercapital.com
Dallas Office
Learn More about Mercer Capital &
our Oil and Gas Services at
mer.cr/oilgas
Copyright © 2020 Mercer Capital Management, Inc. All rights reserved. It is illegal under Federal law to reproduce this publication or any portion of its contents without the publisher’s permission. Media quotations with source attribution are encouraged. Reporters requesting additional
information or editorial comment should contact Barbara Walters Price at 901.685.2120. Mercer Capital’s Industry Focus is published quarterly and does not constitute legal or financial consulting advice. It is offered as an information service to our clients and friends. Those interested
in specific guidance for legal or accounting matters should seek competent professional advice. Inquiries to discuss specific valuation matters are welcomed. To add your name to our mailing list to receive this complimentary publication, visit our web site at www.mercercapital.com.
In This Issue
Oil and Gas Commodity Prices 1
Macro Update
Global Economics: OPEC+ and COVID-19 2
Logistical Consequences: Physical Markets
and Force Majeure
2
U.S. Production Headed Towards Decline 3
U.S.- Stimulus Bill: CARES Act 4
Interest Rates 4
Short Term Outlook 5
Region Focus: Egale Ford 6
Production and Activity Levels 6
Financial Performance 9
Infrastructure 10
Market Valuations & Transaction History 11
Transactions in the Eagle Ford 11
Selected Public Company Information 14
Production 19
Rig Count 21
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 1
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Crude prices started the year above $60 per barrel before descending at a rapid rate, with WTI closing the first quarter
slightly above $20 per barrel. Brent crude prices followed a similar path and fell just shy of the $23 per barrel mark at
the end of the quarter. The spread between WTI and Brent averaged roughly $5 per barrel throughout the three-month
period. Natural gas prices started the year a few cents above $2/mmbtu and experienced a steady decline to $1.64/
mmbtu at the end of the quarter.
Oil and Gas
Commodity
Prices
Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices
$0.0
$0.5
$1.0
$1.5
$2.0
$2.5
$0
$10
$20
$30
$40
$50
$60
$70
$80
12/31/19
1/31/20
2/29/20
3/31/20
$/mmbtu
$/bbl
WTI Brent Henry Hub
Source: Bloomberg
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 2
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Macro Update
Global Economics: OPEC+
and COVID-19
On March 5th OPEC and its allies (often referred to as OPEC+) held a meeting in Vienna. The result of that meeting was
no agreement on additional production cuts beyond the end of March 2020. This was unexpected and immediately
pushed prices downward about 10%. In the meantime, the COVID-19 outbreak continued to escalate. Worldwide
measures have been put in place to combat the spread of the virus, such as quarantines, shut-ins, social distancing,
and other actions. As a result, economic activity has slowed to a crawl in a matter of weeks. This has led to worldwide
demand destruction for oil which led to the collapse of oil prices. Impacts and ripple effects abound, however, many
of them are yet to be easily observed.
Nearly all prior market demand estimations from organizations such as the IEA, EIA, research institutions, and
investment banks have been upended. As of the end of Q1, worldwide consumption decline in 2020 is now very
likely. New and revised estimations are still being developed as this has taken the market by surprise.
One of the clear indicators that this situation is not simply a supply glut is that refinery margins and oil prices declined
simultaneously. A dynamic such as this demonstrates demand decline. Another factor to consider is since COVID-19
originated in China, and China is a demand marker for oil and refined products, how was demand impacted there? In
February, Chinese oil demand dropped by about 3 million barrels per day out of about 13 million barrels per day – a
20% drop.
This turn of events leads to some potential temporary logistical issues such as tanker demand and ultimately shut-ins
if the price doesn’t move upwards soon. Storage capacity is very limited in most exporting nations, perhaps two to
three months of storage ability at this pace, so there are not many places the excess supply can go. Therefore, pro-
ducers may have to consider and analyze whether the cost to shut down is less than the cost to produce. Canadian
oilsands may be one of the first to start this potential trend. However, even the lowest cost producer, Saudi Arabia,
was struggling to find buyers for its excess supply by the end of March. This excess supply battle between Russia
and Saudi Arabia will play out prominently in Europe, where Russia could possibly lose hundreds of thousands of
barrels a day of production.
Logistical Consequences:
Physical Markets and
Force Majeure
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 3
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Macro Update
Logistical Consequences:
Physical Markets and Force
Majeure (cont.)
Additionally, back in January, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) began enacting the Annex VI of the Inter-
national Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL Convention), which lowers the maximum
sulfur content of marine fuel oil used in ocean-going vessels from 3.5% to 0.5%. The implementation of MARPOL
will see the marine fuels landscape change significantly as over 95% of the current market will be displaced. This
disruption was already happening beforehand, impacting tanker supply and market share for liquids.
On the gas front, LNG import deliveries have been suffering from oversupply and a warm winter. There is no
“gas-OPEC” to proffer a supply agreement either. China’s CNOOC has declared force majeure to turn away LNG
shipments, even though China reached an accord with the U.S. to reduce tariffs on LNG imported from the U.S.
In September 2019, the U.S. became a net petroleum exporter, marking the first net export month ever since
monthly records began in 1973. This may change soon. Capital expenditures for exploration and production com-
panies immediately fell hard. Rystad expects this to drop by as much as $100 billion worldwide, the most in at least
13 years. With the steep decline curves of existing U.S. shale wells, production should drop in a matter of months.
U.S. Production Headed
Towards Decline
Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices
Source: Dallas Fed Energy Survey, Reuters, Seeking Alpha
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 4
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Macro Update
U.S. Production Headed
Towards Decline (cont.)
In addition to the investment decline, another historic thing happened in March. The Texas Railroad Commission
began engaging with Russian Energy Minister, Alexander Novak about trimming oil output. This kind of thing hasn’t
happened in Texas or the U.S. since the 1970’s. However, this is necessary for the U.S. Production costs for oil in the
U.S., particularly shale oil, are higher than either Russia or Saudi Arabia. The upstream industry’s existing well base
in the U.S. are underwater at low 20’s per barrel pricing. That was happening at the end of March.
However, even though Russia and Saudi Arabia can operate existing wells in this environment, it does not mean that
this is sustainable for very long. No one knows how long this price war will last. That said, even a few months of this
pricing environment could create chaos for the U.S. energy sector. It had already severely impacted stock prices and
demonstrated even day-to-day volatility in public markets.
In March, the President indicated that the U.S. government may become a material buyer for about 30 million barrels
of U.S. produced oil in order to fill the strategic petroleum reserve. However, the funding was not authorized by
Congress in the CARES Act. Congressional Republicans pushed for it, but Democrats did not want to include a
“bailout for big oil.” This could hasten bankruptcy acceleration for leveraged energy companies. However, since this
is a global event and potentially temporary, banks may table defaults and foreclosures and instead better collateralize
their exposures and add more commodity price hedges according to an analyst call by UBS.
The U.S. Federal Reserve cut interest rates twice in the month of March. On March 3, the Fed made an emergency
decision to cut interest rates by 0.5% in response to the foreseeable economic slowdown due to the spread of the
coronavirus. This cut was anticipated and largely shrugged off by the markets as interest rates continued their pre-
cipitous decline.
Benchmark rates were again cut on March 15 by a full percent to near zero. The central bank also stated that it
would increase bond holdings by $700 billion on the same day. These rate cuts however failed to tame oil and gas
markets as Brent fell by 10% and U.S. crude fell below $30. Lower interest rates and new bond repurchasing pro-
grams are ineffective in a weak demand environment, and prices continued to plummet through the remainder of the
month.
Interest Rates
U.S. – Stimulus Bill:
CARES Act
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 5
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Macro Update
Short Term Outlook
The EIA expressed the heightened level of uncertainty in their latest release due to the evolving impact of the coro-
navirus and the OPEC+ deal implications. The EIA forecasts that the U.S. will return to being a net importer of crude
oil and petroleum products in the third quarter of 2020. On the petroleum product side, the EIA projects net exports
being the lowest in the third quarter of 2020 because of U.S. refinery runs expecting to decline. The EIA expects that
the largest impacts of decreased U.S. liquid fuels demand will occur in the second quarter of 2020 as a result of travel
restrictions and significant disruptions to business and economic activity.
2019 Energy Purchase Price Allocation Study
Mercer Capital’s 2019 Energy Purchase Price Allocation Study
is a useful tool for management teams, investors, auditors, and
even insurance underwriters as market participants grapple
with ever-increasing market complexity. The study provides
information on publicly available purchase price allocation
data for four sub-sectors of the energy industry: exploration
and production; midstream; oilfield services; and refining.
CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD
Mercer Capital 2019 Energy Purchase Price Allocation Study | © 2020 Mercer Capital | www.mercercapital.com
MERCER CAPITAL
2019 Energy
Purchase Price Allocation Study
www.mercercapital.comJanuary 2020
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 6
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
The economics of oil and gas production varies by region. Mercer Capital focuses on trends in the Eagle Ford,
Permian, Bakken, and Marcellus and Utica plays. The cost of producing oil and gas depends on the geological
makeup of the reserve, depth of reserve, and cost to transport the raw crude to market. We can observe different
costs in different regions depending on these factors. This quarter we take a closer look at the Eagle Ford.
Eagle Ford production grew approximately 2% year-over-year through March, lagging behind the Permian (18%),
Bakken (6%) and Appalachia (5%). This is driven, in part, by the maturity of the Eagle Ford play relative to other areas,
as well as the Eagle Ford’s relatively high proportion of gas production.
Eagle Ford
Production and Activity
Levels
-2%
0%
2%
4%
6%
8%
10%
12%
14%
16%
18%
20%
Mar-19
Apr-19
May-19
Jun-19
Jul-19
Aug-19
Sep-19
Oct-19
Nov-19
Dec-19
Jan-20
Feb-20
Mar-20
Bakken Eagle Ford Permian Appalachia
Source: Energy Information Administration
1-Year Change in Production
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 7
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
The rig count in the Eagle Ford at March 20th stood at 67, down 18% from the prior year. This decline is more severe
than reductions seen in the Bakken and Permian, though better than Appalachia and the overall US rig count. The
Eagle Ford’s rig count has also seen a strong bounce back from November’s lows. However, rig counts are a lagging
indicator, so the count might fall further in light of recent commodity price declines.
Eagle Ford
Production and Activity
Levels (cont.)
-50%
-40%
-30%
-20%
-10%
0%
10%
20%
Mar-19
Apr-19
May-19
Jun-19
Jul-19
Aug-19
Sep-19
Oct-19
Nov-19
Dec-19
Jan-20
Feb-20
Mar-20
Bakken Eagle Ford Permian Appal achia Total
Source: Baker Hughes
1-Year Change in Rig Count
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 8
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
The Eagle Ford is also seeing gains in new-well production per rig. While this metric doesn’t cover the full life cycle of
a well, it is a signal of the increasing efficiency of operators in the area. New-well production per rig in the Eagle Ford
increased 8% on a year-over-year basis through March, compared to increases of 15%, 13%, and -18% in the Bakken,
Permian, and Appalachia, respectively.
Eagle Ford
Production and Activity
Levels (cont.)
New-Well Production per Rig
0
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500
3,000
3,500
Bakken Eagle Ford Permian Appalachia
boe/d
March 2019 March 2020
Source: Energy Information AdministrationSource: Energy Information Administration
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 9
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Eagle Ford
Financial Performance
All Eagle Ford E&P operators analyzed have had year-over-year stock price declines. EOG and Magnolia outper-
formed the broader E&P universe (XOP), though Penn Virginia and Silverbow are both down more than 90%.
Despite this financial performance, no Eagle Ford operators have filed for bankruptcy in the immediate wake of the
price downturn. However, the commodity price environment has impacted the restructuring processes for Eagle Ford
operators that entered bankruptcy in 2019. According to bankruptcy proceedings, Sanchez Energy may not be able
to repay its debtor-in-possession (DIP) loan, which would result in no recovery for any legacy creditors. EP Energy
announced in early March that its restructuring plan had been approved by the bankruptcy court. However, the deal
was called off later in the month as lenders for the company’s exit financing pulled their support.
1-Year Change in Stock Price
-100%
-80%
-60%
-40%
-20%
0%
20%
40%Mar-19
Apr-19
May-19
Jun-19
Jul-19
Aug-19
Sep-19
Oct-19
Nov-19
Dec-19
Jan-20
Feb-20
Mar-20
EOG MGY PVAC SBOW XOP
Source: Capital IQ
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 10
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Infrastructure
One of the Eagle Ford’s key advantages is its proximity to Gulf Coast refineries and export infrastructure. However,
that benefit is eroding as demand for refined products is tanking (though storage costs are surging) and some
importers are seeking to invoke force majeure clauses to reject LNG shipments.
This also comes at a time when new pipelines are coming into service to carry Permian production to the Gulf Coast.
The EPIC crude pipeline entered service in February, carrying oil volumes from Orla, Texas, to Corpus Christi. In
September 2019, Kinder Morgan’s Gulf Coast Express was placed in service, transporting natural gas from the
Permian to Agua Dulce (just southwest of Corpus Christi). Early next year, Kinder Morgan’s Permian Highway
natural gas pipeline is expected to come online, carrying volumes from the Permian’s Waha hub to the Gulf Coast.
While this infrastructure build-out is helping make energy markets more efficient, it is diminishing the Eagle Ford’s
previous marketing advantages.
Commodity prices are putting immense strain on E&P companies, and there is little relief in sight. The Eagle Ford’s
maturity means that many of the lowest-cost, highest-return locations have already been drilled. The basin’s market
ing advantages are eroding as new pipeline infrastructure transports surging Permian volumes to the Gulf Coast. With
two Eagle Ford operators already in bankruptcy (Sanchez and EP Energy) and unable to exit, we’ll see if anyone joins
them over the next twelve months.
Eagle Ford
DON’T MISS OUT
Subscribe to our Energy Valuations Insights Blog
A weekly update on issues important to the oil and gas industry.
SUBSCRIBE
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 11
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Steady Transaction Activity Restrained by Unforeseeable Circumstances
Over the last year, deal activity in the Eagle Ford Shale was relatively steady, picking up towards the end of 2019
and carrying into early 2020. The recent uncertainty caused by the coronavirus pandemic and the Saudi-Russian oil
production level conflict has, however, hindered M&A activity in the region, and frankly everywhere else. WTI closed
below $23/bbl on March 18 with futures prices indicating a depressed price environment persisting for the near term.
Although deal count has decreased as of late, the M&A landscape has the potential to ramp up as some companies
will need to sell assets in order to bolster their balance sheets amid the challenging commodity price environment,
though wide “bid/ask” spreads between buyers and sellers may be difficult to overcome. A table detailing E&P trans-
action activity in the Eagle Ford over the last twelve months is shown below. Relative to 2018, deal count decreased
by six and average deal size declined by roughly $650 million.
Market Valuations &
Transaction History
Transactions in the Eagle Ford
Announced
Date Buyer Seller
Deal Value
($MM) $ / Acre $ / Boepd
2/26/20 Undisclosed Buyer Lonestar Resources Ltd. na nm nm
1/9/20 Kimbell Royalty Partners LP Springbok Energy 175 nm 69,088
11/12/19 Ironwood Midstream Energy Partners II, LLC Twin Eagle na nm nm
11/12/19 Kimbell Royalty Partners LP Buckhorn Resources 36 422 134,444
11/8/19 Starwood Energy Group Global LLC Third Coast Midstream na nm nm
11/7/19 Repsol S.A. Equinor 325 7,476 18,103
11/7/19 Marathon Oil Corp. Rocky Creek Resources, LLC 185 10,278 26,429
10/3/19 Undisclosed Buyer Abraxas Petroleum Corp. 8 nm 25,484
8/1/19 CP Energy Services Spartan Energy Services na nm nm
7/22/19 Bayshore Energy TX LLC Sundance Energy Inc. 30 4,836 28,069
7/15/19 Callon Petroleum Co. Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc. 3,200 26,122 nm
5/7/19 Ensign Natural Resources LLC Pioneer Natural Resources 475 8,051 32,986
Median $180 $7,764 $28,069
Average $554 $9,531 $47,800
Source: Shale Experts
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 12
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Ensign Natural Resources Entering, Pioneer Natural Resources Existing
Ensign Natural Resources made its first acquisition as a company in May of 2019, acquiring Eagle Ford acreage from
Pioneer Natural Resources. Brett Pennington, President and CEO of Ensign, explained that the assets included mean-
ingful production and attractive drilling inventory. Pioneer on the other hand, was ready to become a pure-play Permian
operator. In total, Pioneer has sold approximately $1 billion of assets located outside the Permian Basin. Pioneer seemed
to make it clear that they are throwing all of their eggs in one basket.
Callon Petroleum Expanding their Footprint
The biggest deal, in terms of dollars, was Callon Petroleum’s acquisition of Carrizo Oil & Gas. Callon, a Permian Basin
focused company, expanded its position in the Permian and entered the Eagle Ford with the acquired acreage. The deal
terms had to be revised after significant investor pushback. The amended agreement stated that Callon shareholders
would own approximately 58% (up from 54% initially) of the combined company and Carrizo shareholders will own approx-
imately 42% (down from 46% initially).
It should be noted that this deal is not pure Eagle Ford shale. Carrizo’s asset details included 76,500 acres in the Eagle
Ford with roughly 600 undrilled locations and 46,000 acres in the Delaware Basin with about 1,400 undrilled locations.
The combined assets will include 120,000 net acres in the Permian and 80,000 net acres in the Eagle Ford. The core
positions in the Permian and Eagle Ford plan to produce over 100,000 boe/d of pro forma production.
Joe Gatto, president and CEO of Callon, explained his vision of the larger company, which is to employ a more efficient
scaled development model that aims to drive a lower cost of supply. The multibillion-dollar merger officially closed in
December of 2019, and now seems like unfortunate timing due to the current price environment.
Market Valuations &
Transaction History
(cont.)
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 13
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Repsol S.A. Picking Up Where Equinor Left Off
Equinor, a Norway based petroleum refining company, agreed to sell its Eagle Ford assets to Repsol for $325 million at
the end of 2019. The agreement gives Repsol, a Spain headquartered oil & gas company, 100% control of the asset while
making them the operator.
In 2017, Equinor took a $850 million impairment on the asset due to lower than expected output. In 2018, Equinor also
released that part of their acreage lies on areas with high water stress variables. Repsol expressed that the acquisition
will give their producing assets portfolio a boost while taking advantage of operating synergies and efficiencies. The acqui-
sition is also aligned with Repsol’s intentions to expand in North America. The deal plans to increase total production for
Repsol in the Eagle Ford to approximately 54,000 boe/d.
M&A transaction activity in Eagle Ford was fairly consistent throughout 2019, as companies focused on acquiring valuable
acreage with production potential. However, no one can ignore the tough current conditions in the energy industry.
Acquisitions that closed at the end of last year seem like the least of worries, as companies are simply trying to avoid
bankruptcy. If conditions allow only the strongest to survive, it could lead to an increase in transaction activity ahead.
Market Valuations &
Transaction History
(cont.)
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 14
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Mercer Capital tracks the performance of Exploration and Production companies across different mineral reserves in order to understand how the current pricing envi-
ronment affects operators in each region. We created an index of seven groups to better understand performance trends across reserves and the industry. The current
pricing multiples of each company in the index are summarized below.
Appendix A
Selected Public Company Information
as of March 31, 2020
Company Name Ticker
3/31/2020
Enterprise Value
YoY % Change in
Stock Price
EBITDAX
Margin
EV/
EBITDAX
Daily
Production
(mboe/d)
Price per Flowing
Barrel*
Global Integrated
Exxon Mobil Corp XOM $217,508 -50.60% 13.0% 6.5x 3,909 $55,638
Royal Dutch Shell PLC RDS/A $215,190 -40.50% 15.7% 4.0x 3,708 $58,040
Chevron Corp CVX $162,280 -38.69% 23.3% 5.0x 3,083 $52,644
BP PLC BP $139,124 -40.53% 9.7% 5.1x 3,596 $38,691
Equinor ASA EQNR $55,143 -41.34% 33.0% 2.7x 2,188 $25,198
Group Median -40.53% 15.7% 5.0x 3,596 $52,644
Global E&P
Marathon Oil Corp MRO $7,469 -79.99% 62.0% 2.3x 410 $18,229
Hess Corp HES $17,525 -43.60% 51.7% 5.2x 335 $52,320
ConocoPhillips COP $40,947 -52.70% 48.5% 2.6x 1,249 $32,788
Occidental Petroleum Corp OXY $57,846 -80.98% 34.4% 8.2x 1,332 $43,442
Noble Energy Inc NBL $11,272 -75.02% 27.2% 9.3x 388 $29,017
Apache Corp APA $12,038 -87.49% 17.9% 10.5x 454 $26,543
Murphy Oil Corp MUR $4,386 -78.13% 86.3% 1.9x 194 $22,581
Group Median -78.13% 48.5% 5.2x 410 $29,017
Source: Bloomberg L.P.
•	 Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/daily production ($/boe/d)
•	 We review 10-K’s and annual reports from guideline companies to ensure companies continue to operate in the regions and groups we have identified.
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 15
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
as of March 31, 2020
Company Name Ticker
3/31/2020
Enterprise Value
YoY % Change in
Stock Price
EBITDAX
Margin
EV/
EBITDAX
Daily
Production
(mboe/d)
Price per Flowing
Barrel*
North American E&P
Devon Energy Corp DVN $5,855 -77.62% 27.6% 2.8x 332 $17,647
QEP Resources Inc QEP $1,993 -95.62% 59.2% 2.9x 87 $22,964
WPX Energy Inc WPX $3,956 -76.74% 50.9% 3.2x 237 $16,686
Chesapeake Energy Corp CHK $11,501 -94.43% 26.8% 5.0x 449 $25,592
Group Median -86.03% 39.2% 3.0x 284 $20,306
Bakken
Continental Resources Inc/OK CLR $8,452 -82.88% 71.4% 2.6x 338 $24,983
Whiting Petroleum Corp WLL $2,913 -97.44% 60.4% 3.0x 112 $25,913
Oasis Petroleum Inc OAS $3,032 -94.21% 47.2% 3.1x 83 $36,737
Group Median -94.21% 60.4% 3.0x 112 $25,913
Source: Bloomberg L.P.
•	 Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/daily production ($/boe/d)
•	 We review 10-K’s and annual reports from guideline companies to ensure companies continue to operate in the regions and groups we have identified.
Appendix A
Selected Public Company Information
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 16
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
as of March 31, 2020
Company Name Ticker
3/31/2020
Enterprise Value
YoY % Change in
Stock Price
EBITDAX
Margin
EV/
EBITDAX
Daily
Production
(mboe/d)
Price per Flowing
Barrel*
Appalachia
Range Resources Corp RRC $3,822 -79.47% -11.7% nm 381 $10,021
EQT Corp EQT $7,153 -65.49% 11.5% 15.3x 672 $10,650
Cabot Oil & Gas Corp COG $7,907 -32.77% 67.4% 5.7x 400 $19,771
Antero Resources Corp AR $6,852 -91.93% 18.7% 8.6x 578 $11,860
Gulfport Energy Corp GPOR $2,058 -94.46% -29.2% nm 192 $10,726
Southwestern Energy Co SWN $3,304 -63.97% 28.5% 3.7x 383 $8,626
Group Median -72.48% 15.1% 7.1x 391 $10,688
Permian Basin
Concho Resources Inc CXO $12,348 -61.09% 44.1% 6.2x 329 $37,479
Parsley Energy Inc PE $4,661 -70.07% 77.2% 3.2x 195 $23,902
Diamondback Energy Inc FANG $11,067 -73.88% 55.7% 4.9x 299 $37,020
Centennial Resource Development Inc/DE CDEV $1,154 -97.01% 69.6% 1.8x 72 $16,123
Callon Petroleum Co CPE $3,544 -92.74% 67.8% 7.8x 110 $32,365
Laredo Petroleum Inc LPI $1,252 -87.71% 0.9% 171.1x 82 $15,274
Pioneer Natural Resources Co PXD $14,161 -53.27% 28.6% 5.1x 364 $38,892
Cimarex Energy Co XEC $3,948 -75.51% 30.5% 5.5x 272 $14,521
Group Median -74.69% 49.9% 5.3x 233 $28,133
Source: Bloomberg L.P.
•	 Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/daily production ($/boe/d)
•	 We review 10-K’s and annual reports from guideline companies to ensure companies continue to operate in the regions and groups we have identified.
Appendix A
Selected Public Company Information
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 17
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
as of March 31, 2020
Company Name Ticker
3/31/2020
Enterprise Value
YoY % Change in
Stock Price
EBITDAX
Margin
EV/
EBITDAX
Daily
Production
(mboe/d)
Price per Flowing
Barrel*
Eagle Ford
EOG Resources Inc EOG $24,854 -61.77% 48.8% 3.0x 859 $28,936
Magnolia Oil & Gas Corp MGY $1,228 -66.67% 72.8% 1.8x 67 $18,364
SilverBow Resources Inc SBOW $510 -89.26% 70.8% 2.5x 35 $14,645
Penn Virginia Corp PVAC $597 -92.99% 74.3% 1.7x 25 $23,617
Group Median -77.96% 71.8% 2.2x 51 $20,990
OVERALL MEDIAN -76.74% 44.1% 4.0x 338 $24,983
Source: Bloomberg L.P.
•	 Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/daily production ($/boe/d)
•	 We review 10-K’s and annual reports from guideline companies to ensure companies continue to operate in the regions and groups we have identified.
Appendix A
Selected Public Company Information
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 18
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Price per Flowing Barrel
Appendix A
Selected Public
Company
Information
The following graph depicts the median of EV/production multiples, also known as price per flowing barrel, at the end
of the past six quarters. As has been the case for some time now, operators in the Permian continue to lead the other
regions in terms of valuation, although this margin is decreasing. The Permian saw a decrease (56%) in its price per
flowing barrel in the fourth quarter. The Eagle Ford, Appalachia, and Bakken saw decreases of 52%, 9%, and 44%,
respectively. Low commodity prices have negatively impacted operators regardless of region, as all four basins have
seen a decline in price per flowing barrel in the range of 39% to 57% since Q4 2018.
$0
$30,000
$60,000
$90,000
2018 Q4 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2019 Q3 2019 Q4 2020 Q1
Bakken Eagle Ford Permian AppalachiaSource: Bloomberg
•	 Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/ daily production ($/boe/d)
•	 This is simply a graphic depiction of median figures of our selected public companies for each region. This should be interpreted solely in
the context of relative valuation between the various basins over time. Bloomberg aggregates this raw data, and Mercer Capital does not
represent or warrant these figures as indicative of valuation multiples attributable to E&P companies or other interests.
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 19
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Appendix B
Production
Despite being far from a focal point, Appalachia crude production increased 21.4% over the past year. Permian crude oil
production increased 16.2% despite its significant size as it continues to dominate other basins. On the other hand, the
Eagle Ford experienced mild production growth of 0.95% over the year along with the Bakken with an increase of 4.8%.
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
M
ar-15
Sep-15
M
ar-16
Sep-16
M
ar-17
Sep-17
M
ar-18
Sep-18
M
ar-19
Sep-19
M
ar-20
mmbbl/d
Bakken Eagle Ford Permian AppalachiaSource: EIA
Daily Production of Crude Oil
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 20
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Appendix B
Production
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
M
ar-15
Sep-15
M
ar-16
Sep-16
M
ar-17
Sep-17
M
ar-18
Sep-18
M
ar-19
Sep-19
M
ar-20
mmcf/d
Bakken Eagle Ford Permian AppalachiaSource: EIA
Daily Production of Natural Gas
Natural gas production in the Appalachia has increased 5.1% over the last year, whereas Permian production has grown
20.1% in the same time frame. Growth in the Eagle Ford and in the Bakken increased 8.2% year over year. Growth in
the last six months was dominated by the Permian at 6.2%, whereas all of the other basins experienced negative growth.
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 21
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
Appendix B
Rig Count
Rig Count by Region
Baker Hughes collects and publishes information regarding active drilling rigs in the United States and internationally.
The number of active rigs is a key indicator of demand for oilfield services & equipment. Factors influencing rig counts
include energy prices, investment climate, technological changes, regulatory activity, weather, and seasonality.
The number of active rigs in the United States as of March 31, 2020 stood at 624, a 7.8% decrease from December 31,
2019, and a 23.5% decline from March 2019. The rig count in the Eagle Ford decreased from 69 to 60 rigs in over the
last year as E&P operators focused on not overrunning their capex budgets to appease investors.
1	
Calculations based on monthly crude oil and gas production and EIA drilling report by region.
0
300
600
900
1,200
M
ar-15
Sep-15
M
ar-16
Sep-16
M
ar-17
Sep-17
M
ar-18
Sep-18
M
ar-19
Sep-19
M
ar-20
Bakken Eagle Ford Permian Appalachia Other
Source: Baker Hughes
© 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 22
Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy
U.S. Rig Count by Oil vs. Natural GasAppendix B
Rig Count
U.S. Rig Count by Trajectory
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
M
ar-15
Sep-15
M
ar-16
Sep-16
M
ar-17
Sep-17
M
ar-18
Sep-18
M
ar-19
Sep-19
M
ar-20
Oil GasSource: Baker Hughes
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
M
ar-15
Sep-15
M
ar-16
Sep-16
M
ar-17
Sep-17
M
ar-18
Sep-18
M
ar-19
Sep-19
M
ar-20
Directional Horizontal Vertical
Source: Baker Hughes
Mercer Capital
www.mercercapital.com

More Related Content

What's hot

Deloitte: Oil and Gas Reality Check 2014
Deloitte: Oil and Gas Reality Check 2014Deloitte: Oil and Gas Reality Check 2014
Deloitte: Oil and Gas Reality Check 2014
Marcellus Drilling News
 
VF: Exploration and Production: Q4 2018 | Region Focus: Appalachia
VF: Exploration and Production: Q4 2018 | Region Focus: AppalachiaVF: Exploration and Production: Q4 2018 | Region Focus: Appalachia
VF: Exploration and Production: Q4 2018 | Region Focus: Appalachia
Mercer Capital
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlookEY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY
 
EY Price Point: Global oil and gas market outlook Q4 2018
EY Price Point: Global oil and gas market outlook Q4 2018EY Price Point: Global oil and gas market outlook Q4 2018
EY Price Point: Global oil and gas market outlook Q4 2018
EY
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2019 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2019 | Region Focus: Eagle...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2019 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2019 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital
 
ARM_NIGERIA_REPORT_H2_2015_OIL
ARM_NIGERIA_REPORT_H2_2015_OILARM_NIGERIA_REPORT_H2_2015_OIL
ARM_NIGERIA_REPORT_H2_2015_OIL
Francis Ngene
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q1 2016
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q1 2016Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q1 2016
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q1 2016
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q2 2018 | Segment:...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q2 2018 | Segment:...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q2 2018 | Segment:...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q2 2018 | Segment:...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q3 2016
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q3 2016Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q3 2016
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q3 2016
Mercer Capital
 
News file.3
News file.3News file.3
News file.3
Ajay Kumar
 
New base energy news 19 april 2020 issue no. 1331 senior editor eng. kha...
New base energy news 19 april 2020   issue no. 1331    senior editor eng. kha...New base energy news 19 april 2020   issue no. 1331    senior editor eng. kha...
New base energy news 19 april 2020 issue no. 1331 senior editor eng. kha...
Khaled Al Awadi
 
Oil and the Economy_2015
Oil and the Economy_2015Oil and the Economy_2015
Oil and the Economy_2015
Amit Chokshi, CFA
 
Why Russia and Putin are waging a crude war with america
Why Russia and Putin are waging a crude war with americaWhy Russia and Putin are waging a crude war with america
Why Russia and Putin are waging a crude war with america
Col Mukteshwar Prasad
 
Spotlight energy
Spotlight energySpotlight energy
Spotlight energy
atlanticcouncil
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2019 | Region Focus: Bakken
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2019 | Region Focus: BakkenMercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2019 | Region Focus: Bakken
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2019 | Region Focus: Bakken
Mercer Capital
 
New base 10 august 2019 energy news issue 1267 by khaled al awadi
New base 10 august 2019 energy news issue   1267  by khaled al awadiNew base 10 august 2019 energy news issue   1267  by khaled al awadi
New base 10 august 2019 energy news issue 1267 by khaled al awadi
Khaled Al Awadi
 
Mergers and acquisitions in oil and gas
Mergers and acquisitions in oil and gasMergers and acquisitions in oil and gas
Mergers and acquisitions in oil and gas
Semalytix
 
Don’t Blame The Speculators Alone
Don’t Blame The Speculators AloneDon’t Blame The Speculators Alone
Don’t Blame The Speculators Alone
Sonica Dalmia
 
Unburnable Carbon - Are the world's financial markets carrying a carbon bubble?
Unburnable Carbon - Are the world's financial markets carrying a carbon bubble?Unburnable Carbon - Are the world's financial markets carrying a carbon bubble?
Unburnable Carbon - Are the world's financial markets carrying a carbon bubble?
Marcellus Drilling News
 
Eagle newsletter q2 2016
Eagle newsletter q2 2016 Eagle newsletter q2 2016
Eagle newsletter q2 2016
Denis Ding
 

What's hot (20)

Deloitte: Oil and Gas Reality Check 2014
Deloitte: Oil and Gas Reality Check 2014Deloitte: Oil and Gas Reality Check 2014
Deloitte: Oil and Gas Reality Check 2014
 
VF: Exploration and Production: Q4 2018 | Region Focus: Appalachia
VF: Exploration and Production: Q4 2018 | Region Focus: AppalachiaVF: Exploration and Production: Q4 2018 | Region Focus: Appalachia
VF: Exploration and Production: Q4 2018 | Region Focus: Appalachia
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlookEY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
 
EY Price Point: Global oil and gas market outlook Q4 2018
EY Price Point: Global oil and gas market outlook Q4 2018EY Price Point: Global oil and gas market outlook Q4 2018
EY Price Point: Global oil and gas market outlook Q4 2018
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2019 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2019 | Region Focus: Eagle...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2019 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2019 | Region Focus: Eagle...
 
ARM_NIGERIA_REPORT_H2_2015_OIL
ARM_NIGERIA_REPORT_H2_2015_OILARM_NIGERIA_REPORT_H2_2015_OIL
ARM_NIGERIA_REPORT_H2_2015_OIL
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q1 2016
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q1 2016Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q1 2016
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q1 2016
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q2 2018 | Segment:...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q2 2018 | Segment:...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q2 2018 | Segment:...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q2 2018 | Segment:...
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q3 2016
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q3 2016Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q3 2016
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Q3 2016
 
News file.3
News file.3News file.3
News file.3
 
New base energy news 19 april 2020 issue no. 1331 senior editor eng. kha...
New base energy news 19 april 2020   issue no. 1331    senior editor eng. kha...New base energy news 19 april 2020   issue no. 1331    senior editor eng. kha...
New base energy news 19 april 2020 issue no. 1331 senior editor eng. kha...
 
Oil and the Economy_2015
Oil and the Economy_2015Oil and the Economy_2015
Oil and the Economy_2015
 
Why Russia and Putin are waging a crude war with america
Why Russia and Putin are waging a crude war with americaWhy Russia and Putin are waging a crude war with america
Why Russia and Putin are waging a crude war with america
 
Spotlight energy
Spotlight energySpotlight energy
Spotlight energy
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2019 | Region Focus: Bakken
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2019 | Region Focus: BakkenMercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2019 | Region Focus: Bakken
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2019 | Region Focus: Bakken
 
New base 10 august 2019 energy news issue 1267 by khaled al awadi
New base 10 august 2019 energy news issue   1267  by khaled al awadiNew base 10 august 2019 energy news issue   1267  by khaled al awadi
New base 10 august 2019 energy news issue 1267 by khaled al awadi
 
Mergers and acquisitions in oil and gas
Mergers and acquisitions in oil and gasMergers and acquisitions in oil and gas
Mergers and acquisitions in oil and gas
 
Don’t Blame The Speculators Alone
Don’t Blame The Speculators AloneDon’t Blame The Speculators Alone
Don’t Blame The Speculators Alone
 
Unburnable Carbon - Are the world's financial markets carrying a carbon bubble?
Unburnable Carbon - Are the world's financial markets carrying a carbon bubble?Unburnable Carbon - Are the world's financial markets carrying a carbon bubble?
Unburnable Carbon - Are the world's financial markets carrying a carbon bubble?
 
Eagle newsletter q2 2016
Eagle newsletter q2 2016 Eagle newsletter q2 2016
Eagle newsletter q2 2016
 

Similar to Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2020 | Region Focus: Eagle Ford

Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2020 | Region Focus : Bakken
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2020 | Region Focus : BakkenMercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2020 | Region Focus : Bakken
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2020 | Region Focus : Bakken
Mercer Capital
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook (Q4, October 2020)
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook (Q4, October 2020)EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook (Q4, October 2020)
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook (Q4, October 2020)
EY
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook, Q2, April 2020
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook, Q2, April 2020EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook, Q2, April 2020
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook, Q2, April 2020
EY
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2022 | Segment: Permian
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2022 | Segment:  PermianMercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2022 | Segment:  Permian
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2022 | Segment: Permian
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2021 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2021 | Region Focus: Eagle...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2021 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2021 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2022 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2022 | Region Focus: Eagle...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2022 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2022 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlookEY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2020 | Region Focus: Appal...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2020 | Region Focus: Appal...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2020 | Region Focus: Appal...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2020 | Region Focus: Appal...
Mercer Capital
 
Impact of covid 19 in oil industry part 2
Impact of covid 19 in oil industry part 2Impact of covid 19 in oil industry part 2
Impact of covid 19 in oil industry part 2
DVSResearchFoundatio
 
Oil Buyer's Guide 2013 Review
Oil Buyer's Guide 2013 ReviewOil Buyer's Guide 2013 Review
Oil Buyer's Guide 2013 Review
Bloomberg Briefs
 
EY Price Point 8.17.20
EY Price Point  8.17.20EY Price Point  8.17.20
EY Price Point 8.17.20
Paul Bogenrieder
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2021 | Segment: Appalachia...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2021 | Segment: Appalachia...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2021 | Segment: Appalachia...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2021 | Segment: Appalachia...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Fourth Quarter 202...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Fourth Quarter 202...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Fourth Quarter 202...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Fourth Quarter 202...
Mercer Capital
 
EY Q1 2020 price point
EY Q1 2020 price pointEY Q1 2020 price point
EY Q1 2020 price point
EY
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2021 | Segment: Explorati...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2021 | Segment:  Explorati...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2021 | Segment:  Explorati...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2021 | Segment: Explorati...
Mercer Capital
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlookEY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY
 
The collapse of the Futures Oil Market 2020
The collapse of the Futures Oil Market 2020The collapse of the Futures Oil Market 2020
The collapse of the Futures Oil Market 2020
Uno Assignment Help
 
EY Price Point
EY Price PointEY Price Point
EY Price Point
Paul Bogenrieder
 
Slides ifri eyl_mazzega_covid19_opec_impacts
Slides ifri eyl_mazzega_covid19_opec_impactsSlides ifri eyl_mazzega_covid19_opec_impacts
Slides ifri eyl_mazzega_covid19_opec_impacts
Tanja42
 
EY Price Point Q4 2022.pdf
EY Price Point Q4 2022.pdfEY Price Point Q4 2022.pdf
EY Price Point Q4 2022.pdf
PaulBogenrieder1
 

Similar to Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2020 | Region Focus: Eagle Ford (20)

Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2020 | Region Focus : Bakken
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2020 | Region Focus : BakkenMercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2020 | Region Focus : Bakken
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q3 2020 | Region Focus : Bakken
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook (Q4, October 2020)
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook (Q4, October 2020)EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook (Q4, October 2020)
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook (Q4, October 2020)
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook, Q2, April 2020
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook, Q2, April 2020EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook, Q2, April 2020
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook, Q2, April 2020
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2022 | Segment: Permian
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2022 | Segment:  PermianMercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2022 | Segment:  Permian
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2022 | Segment: Permian
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2021 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2021 | Region Focus: Eagle...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2021 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2021 | Region Focus: Eagle...
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2022 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2022 | Region Focus: Eagle...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2022 | Region Focus: Eagle...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2022 | Region Focus: Eagle...
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlookEY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2020 | Region Focus: Appal...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2020 | Region Focus: Appal...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2020 | Region Focus: Appal...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2020 | Region Focus: Appal...
 
Impact of covid 19 in oil industry part 2
Impact of covid 19 in oil industry part 2Impact of covid 19 in oil industry part 2
Impact of covid 19 in oil industry part 2
 
Oil Buyer's Guide 2013 Review
Oil Buyer's Guide 2013 ReviewOil Buyer's Guide 2013 Review
Oil Buyer's Guide 2013 Review
 
EY Price Point 8.17.20
EY Price Point  8.17.20EY Price Point  8.17.20
EY Price Point 8.17.20
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2021 | Segment: Appalachia...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2021 | Segment: Appalachia...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2021 | Segment: Appalachia...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q4 2021 | Segment: Appalachia...
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Fourth Quarter 202...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Fourth Quarter 202...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Fourth Quarter 202...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Exploration and Production | Fourth Quarter 202...
 
EY Q1 2020 price point
EY Q1 2020 price pointEY Q1 2020 price point
EY Q1 2020 price point
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2021 | Segment: Explorati...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2021 | Segment:  Explorati...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2021 | Segment:  Explorati...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q2 2021 | Segment: Explorati...
 
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlookEY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
EY Price Point: global oil and gas market outlook
 
The collapse of the Futures Oil Market 2020
The collapse of the Futures Oil Market 2020The collapse of the Futures Oil Market 2020
The collapse of the Futures Oil Market 2020
 
EY Price Point
EY Price PointEY Price Point
EY Price Point
 
Slides ifri eyl_mazzega_covid19_opec_impacts
Slides ifri eyl_mazzega_covid19_opec_impactsSlides ifri eyl_mazzega_covid19_opec_impacts
Slides ifri eyl_mazzega_covid19_opec_impacts
 
EY Price Point Q4 2022.pdf
EY Price Point Q4 2022.pdfEY Price Point Q4 2022.pdf
EY Price Point Q4 2022.pdf
 

More from Mercer Capital

Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | September 2023 | The Interest Rate Environment ...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | September 2023 | The Interest Rate Environment ...Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | September 2023 | The Interest Rate Environment ...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | September 2023 | The Interest Rate Environment ...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2023 | Focus:...Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | July 2023 | Bank Impairment Testing
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | July 2023 | Bank Impairment TestingMercer Capital's Bank Watch | July 2023 | Bank Impairment Testing
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | July 2023 | Bank Impairment Testing
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q1 2023 |
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q1 2023 |Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q1 2023 |
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q1 2023 |
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 1, 2023
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 1, 2023  Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 1, 2023
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 1, 2023
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital - Corporate Finance in 30 Minutes Whitepaper.pdf
Mercer Capital - Corporate Finance in 30 Minutes Whitepaper.pdfMercer Capital - Corporate Finance in 30 Minutes Whitepaper.pdf
Mercer Capital - Corporate Finance in 30 Minutes Whitepaper.pdf
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | March 2023 | “I’m Not Broke. I’m Just Not Liquid.”
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | March 2023 | “I’m Not Broke. I’m Just Not Liquid.”Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | March 2023 | “I’m Not Broke. I’m Just Not Liquid.”
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | March 2023 | “I’m Not Broke. I’m Just Not Liquid.”
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Spring 2023
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Spring 2023Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Spring 2023
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Spring 2023
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | February 2023 | Themes from Bank Director’s 202...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | February 2023 | Themes from Bank Director’s 202...Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | February 2023 | Themes from Bank Director’s 202...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | February 2023 | Themes from Bank Director’s 202...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q4 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q4 2023 | Focus:...Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q4 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q4 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Winter 2022
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Winter 2022Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Winter 2022
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Winter 2022
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | December 2022 | Bank M&A 2022 - Turbulence
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | December 2022 | Bank M&A 2022 - TurbulenceMercer Capital's Bank Watch | December 2022 | Bank M&A 2022 - Turbulence
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | December 2022 | Bank M&A 2022 - Turbulence
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 3, 2022|
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 3, 2022|Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 3, 2022|
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 3, 2022|
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q3 2022
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q3 2022 Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q3 2022
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q3 2022
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | November 2022 | Community Bank Loan Portfolios ...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | November 2022 | Community Bank Loan Portfolios ...Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | November 2022 | Community Bank Loan Portfolios ...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | November 2022 | Community Bank Loan Portfolios ...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q3 2022 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q3 2022 | Focus:...Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q3 2022 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q3 2022 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2022 | Segmen...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2022 | Segmen...Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2022 | Segmen...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2022 | Segmen...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | October 2022 | How Are Tech-Forward Banks Perfo...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | October 2022 | How Are Tech-Forward Banks Perfo...Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | October 2022 | How Are Tech-Forward Banks Perfo...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | October 2022 | How Are Tech-Forward Banks Perfo...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q2 2022 | Feature...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q2 2022 | Feature...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q2 2022 | Feature...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q2 2022 | Feature...
Mercer Capital
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus:Medtech and Device| Q3 2022
Mercer Capital's Value Focus:Medtech and Device| Q3 2022Mercer Capital's Value Focus:Medtech and Device| Q3 2022
Mercer Capital's Value Focus:Medtech and Device| Q3 2022
Mercer Capital
 

More from Mercer Capital (20)

Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | September 2023 | The Interest Rate Environment ...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | September 2023 | The Interest Rate Environment ...Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | September 2023 | The Interest Rate Environment ...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | September 2023 | The Interest Rate Environment ...
 
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2023 | Focus:...Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2023 | Focus:...
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | July 2023 | Bank Impairment Testing
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | July 2023 | Bank Impairment TestingMercer Capital's Bank Watch | July 2023 | Bank Impairment Testing
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | July 2023 | Bank Impairment Testing
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q1 2023 |
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q1 2023 |Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q1 2023 |
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q1 2023 |
 
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 1, 2023
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 1, 2023  Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 1, 2023
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 1, 2023
 
Mercer Capital - Corporate Finance in 30 Minutes Whitepaper.pdf
Mercer Capital - Corporate Finance in 30 Minutes Whitepaper.pdfMercer Capital - Corporate Finance in 30 Minutes Whitepaper.pdf
Mercer Capital - Corporate Finance in 30 Minutes Whitepaper.pdf
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | March 2023 | “I’m Not Broke. I’m Just Not Liquid.”
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | March 2023 | “I’m Not Broke. I’m Just Not Liquid.”Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | March 2023 | “I’m Not Broke. I’m Just Not Liquid.”
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | March 2023 | “I’m Not Broke. I’m Just Not Liquid.”
 
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Spring 2023
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Spring 2023Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Spring 2023
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Spring 2023
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | February 2023 | Themes from Bank Director’s 202...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | February 2023 | Themes from Bank Director’s 202...Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | February 2023 | Themes from Bank Director’s 202...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | February 2023 | Themes from Bank Director’s 202...
 
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q4 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q4 2023 | Focus:...Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q4 2023 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q4 2023 | Focus:...
 
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Winter 2022
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Winter 2022Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Winter 2022
Mercer Capital's Middle Market Transaction Update | Winter 2022
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | December 2022 | Bank M&A 2022 - Turbulence
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | December 2022 | Bank M&A 2022 - TurbulenceMercer Capital's Bank Watch | December 2022 | Bank M&A 2022 - Turbulence
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | December 2022 | Bank M&A 2022 - Turbulence
 
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 3, 2022|
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 3, 2022|Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 3, 2022|
Mercer Capital's Value Matters™ | Issue No. 3, 2022|
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q3 2022
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q3 2022 Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q3 2022
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q3 2022
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | November 2022 | Community Bank Loan Portfolios ...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | November 2022 | Community Bank Loan Portfolios ...Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | November 2022 | Community Bank Loan Portfolios ...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | November 2022 | Community Bank Loan Portfolios ...
 
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q3 2022 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q3 2022 | Focus:...Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q3 2022 | Focus:...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q3 2022 | Focus:...
 
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2022 | Segmen...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2022 | Segmen...Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2022 | Segmen...
Mercer Capital's Investment Management Industry Newsletter | Q2 2022 | Segmen...
 
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | October 2022 | How Are Tech-Forward Banks Perfo...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | October 2022 | How Are Tech-Forward Banks Perfo...Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | October 2022 | How Are Tech-Forward Banks Perfo...
Mercer Capital's Bank Watch | October 2022 | How Are Tech-Forward Banks Perfo...
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q2 2022 | Feature...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q2 2022 | Feature...Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics  | Q2 2022 | Feature...
Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Transportation & Logistics | Q2 2022 | Feature...
 
Mercer Capital's Value Focus:Medtech and Device| Q3 2022
Mercer Capital's Value Focus:Medtech and Device| Q3 2022Mercer Capital's Value Focus:Medtech and Device| Q3 2022
Mercer Capital's Value Focus:Medtech and Device| Q3 2022
 

Recently uploaded

how do I sell hamster kombat at exchange price!
how do I sell hamster kombat at exchange price!how do I sell hamster kombat at exchange price!
how do I sell hamster kombat at exchange price!
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
margaretblush
 
Hamster kombat withdrawal date - what you need to know!
Hamster kombat withdrawal date - what you need to know!Hamster kombat withdrawal date - what you need to know!
Hamster kombat withdrawal date - what you need to know!
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
What is the Secret way of selling hamster kombat tokens online?
What is the Secret way of selling hamster kombat tokens online?What is the Secret way of selling hamster kombat tokens online?
What is the Secret way of selling hamster kombat tokens online?
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Ak47
 
how much can I sell my Hamster Kombat coins.
how much can I sell my Hamster Kombat coins.how much can I sell my Hamster Kombat coins.
how much can I sell my Hamster Kombat coins.
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
Has anyone made money from hamster kombat - the REAL truth.
Has anyone made money from hamster kombat - the REAL truth.Has anyone made money from hamster kombat - the REAL truth.
Has anyone made money from hamster kombat - the REAL truth.
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
What website can I sell my hamster kombat tokens.
What website can I sell my hamster kombat tokens.What website can I sell my hamster kombat tokens.
What website can I sell my hamster kombat tokens.
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
20240710 Calibre Mining 2024 Investor Presentation.pdf
20240710 Calibre Mining 2024 Investor Presentation.pdf20240710 Calibre Mining 2024 Investor Presentation.pdf
20240710 Calibre Mining 2024 Investor Presentation.pdf
Adnet Communications
 
how to sell hamster kombat at high rate - $1 per token.
how to sell hamster kombat at high rate - $1 per token.how to sell hamster kombat at high rate - $1 per token.
how to sell hamster kombat at high rate - $1 per token.
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
2024 Q2 Crypto Industry Report | CoinGecko
2024 Q2 Crypto Industry Report | CoinGecko2024 Q2 Crypto Industry Report | CoinGecko
2024 Q2 Crypto Industry Report | CoinGecko
CoinGecko
 
05 BBA 20 23 Sem IV POM Forecasting Methods.pptx
05 BBA 20 23 Sem IV  POM Forecasting Methods.pptx05 BBA 20 23 Sem IV  POM Forecasting Methods.pptx
05 BBA 20 23 Sem IV POM Forecasting Methods.pptx
drsouravpanda27
 
how to successfully withdraw hamster tokens to TON - WALLET
how to successfully withdraw hamster tokens to TON - WALLEThow to successfully withdraw hamster tokens to TON - WALLET
how to successfully withdraw hamster tokens to TON - WALLET
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.pptSustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
JayanthAdithya1
 
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
avanikakapoor
 
How do I cash out hamster kombat tokens?
How do I cash out hamster kombat tokens?How do I cash out hamster kombat tokens?
How do I cash out hamster kombat tokens?
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Commonwealth
 
how to sell hamster kombat on bybit crypto exchange.
how to sell hamster kombat on bybit crypto exchange.how to sell hamster kombat on bybit crypto exchange.
how to sell hamster kombat on bybit crypto exchange.
CRYPTO SPACE 🪙
 
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
John Leonardo
 

Recently uploaded (20)

how do I sell hamster kombat at exchange price!
how do I sell hamster kombat at exchange price!how do I sell hamster kombat at exchange price!
how do I sell hamster kombat at exchange price!
 
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call DN Nagar 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
 
Hamster kombat withdrawal date - what you need to know!
Hamster kombat withdrawal date - what you need to know!Hamster kombat withdrawal date - what you need to know!
Hamster kombat withdrawal date - what you need to know!
 
What is the Secret way of selling hamster kombat tokens online?
What is the Secret way of selling hamster kombat tokens online?What is the Secret way of selling hamster kombat tokens online?
What is the Secret way of selling hamster kombat tokens online?
 
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
How can i sell hamster kombat token on Binance exchange!
 
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
Girls Call Laxmi Nagar 9711199171 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 i...
 
how much can I sell my Hamster Kombat coins.
how much can I sell my Hamster Kombat coins.how much can I sell my Hamster Kombat coins.
how much can I sell my Hamster Kombat coins.
 
Has anyone made money from hamster kombat - the REAL truth.
Has anyone made money from hamster kombat - the REAL truth.Has anyone made money from hamster kombat - the REAL truth.
Has anyone made money from hamster kombat - the REAL truth.
 
What website can I sell my hamster kombat tokens.
What website can I sell my hamster kombat tokens.What website can I sell my hamster kombat tokens.
What website can I sell my hamster kombat tokens.
 
20240710 Calibre Mining 2024 Investor Presentation.pdf
20240710 Calibre Mining 2024 Investor Presentation.pdf20240710 Calibre Mining 2024 Investor Presentation.pdf
20240710 Calibre Mining 2024 Investor Presentation.pdf
 
how to sell hamster kombat at high rate - $1 per token.
how to sell hamster kombat at high rate - $1 per token.how to sell hamster kombat at high rate - $1 per token.
how to sell hamster kombat at high rate - $1 per token.
 
2024 Q2 Crypto Industry Report | CoinGecko
2024 Q2 Crypto Industry Report | CoinGecko2024 Q2 Crypto Industry Report | CoinGecko
2024 Q2 Crypto Industry Report | CoinGecko
 
05 BBA 20 23 Sem IV POM Forecasting Methods.pptx
05 BBA 20 23 Sem IV  POM Forecasting Methods.pptx05 BBA 20 23 Sem IV  POM Forecasting Methods.pptx
05 BBA 20 23 Sem IV POM Forecasting Methods.pptx
 
how to successfully withdraw hamster tokens to TON - WALLET
how to successfully withdraw hamster tokens to TON - WALLEThow to successfully withdraw hamster tokens to TON - WALLET
how to successfully withdraw hamster tokens to TON - WALLET
 
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.pptSustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
Sustainable-Development-Goals-presentation-by-Office-of-National-Statistics.ppt
 
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
Girls call Service Hyderabad 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And...
 
How do I cash out hamster kombat tokens?
How do I cash out hamster kombat tokens?How do I cash out hamster kombat tokens?
How do I cash out hamster kombat tokens?
 
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
Economic Risk Factor Update: July 2024 [SlideShare]
 
how to sell hamster kombat on bybit crypto exchange.
how to sell hamster kombat on bybit crypto exchange.how to sell hamster kombat on bybit crypto exchange.
how to sell hamster kombat on bybit crypto exchange.
 
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
‘Not afraid to die’ Kenya tax protests inspire broader demand for change.pdf
 

Mercer Capital's Value Focus: Energy Industry | Q1 2020 | Region Focus: Eagle Ford

  • 1. BUSINESS VALUATION & FINANCIAL ADVISORY SERVICES VALUE FOCUS Exploration & Production First Quarter 2020 // Region Focus: Eagle Ford EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In the first quarter of 2020 oil benchmarks ended arguably their worst quarter in history with a thud. The concurrent overlapping impact of (i) discord created by the OPEC / Russian rift and resulting supply surge; and (ii) the drop in demand due to COVID-19 related issues was historic. Brent crude prices began the quarter around $67 per barrel and dropped to $50 per barrel by early March before plummeting to $19 per barrel by the end of March. WTI pricing behaved similarly although it continues to trail Brent pricing by a narrowing margin (about $5 per barrel) at the end of the quarter. Natural gas has trended downward but has been more stable in the U.S. as its pricing has become increasingly more regionally tied and relatively less dependent on world oil price drivers. The first quarter of 2020 provided a lack of positive news for investors in the Eagle Ford and, frankly, other basins as well. The coronavirus impact, along with the Saudi-Russian price war, hindered M&A activity while causing uncertainty in the energy markets. Aside from the global pandemic and OPEC+ conflict, the Eagle Ford is facing challenges relative to the other basins in the U.S. The beneficial infrastructure marketing position that the Eagle Ford has relied on historically has becomes less advantageous, as pipelines from the Permian to the Gulf Coast are ramping up. If there is any good news to report, it is that no companies of significant size have filed for bankruptcy, but that may not last for much longer.
  • 2. Contact Us BUSINESS VALUATION & FINANCIAL ADVISORY SERVICES Industry Segments Mercer Capital serves the following industry segments: • Exploration & Production • Oilfield Services • Midstream • Refining & Marketing Oil and Gas Industry Services Mercer Capital provides business valuation and financial advisory services to companies throughout the U.S. in the oil & gas industry. Services Provided • Valuation of oil & gas companies • Transaction advisory for acquisitions and divestitures • Valuations for purchase accounting and impairment testing • Fairness and solvency opinions • Litigation support for economic damages and valuation and shareholder disputes Bryce Erickson, ASA, MRICS 214.468.8400 ericksonb@mercercapital.com Dallas Office Don Erickson, ASA 214.468.8400 ericksond@mercercapital.com Dallas Office J. David Smith, ASA, CFA 713.239.1005 smithd@mercercapital.com Houston Office Alex M. Barry, CFA 214.468.8400 barrya@mercercapital.com Dallas Office J. Michael Sousoulas, CPA 901.685.2120 sousoulasm@mercercapital.com Memphis Office Jake M. Stacy 214.468.8400 stacyj@mercercapital.com Dallas Office Learn More about Mercer Capital & our Oil and Gas Services at mer.cr/oilgas Copyright © 2020 Mercer Capital Management, Inc. All rights reserved. It is illegal under Federal law to reproduce this publication or any portion of its contents without the publisher’s permission. Media quotations with source attribution are encouraged. Reporters requesting additional information or editorial comment should contact Barbara Walters Price at 901.685.2120. Mercer Capital’s Industry Focus is published quarterly and does not constitute legal or financial consulting advice. It is offered as an information service to our clients and friends. Those interested in specific guidance for legal or accounting matters should seek competent professional advice. Inquiries to discuss specific valuation matters are welcomed. To add your name to our mailing list to receive this complimentary publication, visit our web site at www.mercercapital.com. In This Issue Oil and Gas Commodity Prices 1 Macro Update Global Economics: OPEC+ and COVID-19 2 Logistical Consequences: Physical Markets and Force Majeure 2 U.S. Production Headed Towards Decline 3 U.S.- Stimulus Bill: CARES Act 4 Interest Rates 4 Short Term Outlook 5 Region Focus: Egale Ford 6 Production and Activity Levels 6 Financial Performance 9 Infrastructure 10 Market Valuations & Transaction History 11 Transactions in the Eagle Ford 11 Selected Public Company Information 14 Production 19 Rig Count 21
  • 3. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 1 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Crude prices started the year above $60 per barrel before descending at a rapid rate, with WTI closing the first quarter slightly above $20 per barrel. Brent crude prices followed a similar path and fell just shy of the $23 per barrel mark at the end of the quarter. The spread between WTI and Brent averaged roughly $5 per barrel throughout the three-month period. Natural gas prices started the year a few cents above $2/mmbtu and experienced a steady decline to $1.64/ mmbtu at the end of the quarter. Oil and Gas Commodity Prices Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices $0.0 $0.5 $1.0 $1.5 $2.0 $2.5 $0 $10 $20 $30 $40 $50 $60 $70 $80 12/31/19 1/31/20 2/29/20 3/31/20 $/mmbtu $/bbl WTI Brent Henry Hub Source: Bloomberg
  • 4. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 2 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Macro Update Global Economics: OPEC+ and COVID-19 On March 5th OPEC and its allies (often referred to as OPEC+) held a meeting in Vienna. The result of that meeting was no agreement on additional production cuts beyond the end of March 2020. This was unexpected and immediately pushed prices downward about 10%. In the meantime, the COVID-19 outbreak continued to escalate. Worldwide measures have been put in place to combat the spread of the virus, such as quarantines, shut-ins, social distancing, and other actions. As a result, economic activity has slowed to a crawl in a matter of weeks. This has led to worldwide demand destruction for oil which led to the collapse of oil prices. Impacts and ripple effects abound, however, many of them are yet to be easily observed. Nearly all prior market demand estimations from organizations such as the IEA, EIA, research institutions, and investment banks have been upended. As of the end of Q1, worldwide consumption decline in 2020 is now very likely. New and revised estimations are still being developed as this has taken the market by surprise. One of the clear indicators that this situation is not simply a supply glut is that refinery margins and oil prices declined simultaneously. A dynamic such as this demonstrates demand decline. Another factor to consider is since COVID-19 originated in China, and China is a demand marker for oil and refined products, how was demand impacted there? In February, Chinese oil demand dropped by about 3 million barrels per day out of about 13 million barrels per day – a 20% drop. This turn of events leads to some potential temporary logistical issues such as tanker demand and ultimately shut-ins if the price doesn’t move upwards soon. Storage capacity is very limited in most exporting nations, perhaps two to three months of storage ability at this pace, so there are not many places the excess supply can go. Therefore, pro- ducers may have to consider and analyze whether the cost to shut down is less than the cost to produce. Canadian oilsands may be one of the first to start this potential trend. However, even the lowest cost producer, Saudi Arabia, was struggling to find buyers for its excess supply by the end of March. This excess supply battle between Russia and Saudi Arabia will play out prominently in Europe, where Russia could possibly lose hundreds of thousands of barrels a day of production. Logistical Consequences: Physical Markets and Force Majeure
  • 5. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 3 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Macro Update Logistical Consequences: Physical Markets and Force Majeure (cont.) Additionally, back in January, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) began enacting the Annex VI of the Inter- national Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL Convention), which lowers the maximum sulfur content of marine fuel oil used in ocean-going vessels from 3.5% to 0.5%. The implementation of MARPOL will see the marine fuels landscape change significantly as over 95% of the current market will be displaced. This disruption was already happening beforehand, impacting tanker supply and market share for liquids. On the gas front, LNG import deliveries have been suffering from oversupply and a warm winter. There is no “gas-OPEC” to proffer a supply agreement either. China’s CNOOC has declared force majeure to turn away LNG shipments, even though China reached an accord with the U.S. to reduce tariffs on LNG imported from the U.S. In September 2019, the U.S. became a net petroleum exporter, marking the first net export month ever since monthly records began in 1973. This may change soon. Capital expenditures for exploration and production com- panies immediately fell hard. Rystad expects this to drop by as much as $100 billion worldwide, the most in at least 13 years. With the steep decline curves of existing U.S. shale wells, production should drop in a matter of months. U.S. Production Headed Towards Decline Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices Source: Dallas Fed Energy Survey, Reuters, Seeking Alpha
  • 6. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 4 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Macro Update U.S. Production Headed Towards Decline (cont.) In addition to the investment decline, another historic thing happened in March. The Texas Railroad Commission began engaging with Russian Energy Minister, Alexander Novak about trimming oil output. This kind of thing hasn’t happened in Texas or the U.S. since the 1970’s. However, this is necessary for the U.S. Production costs for oil in the U.S., particularly shale oil, are higher than either Russia or Saudi Arabia. The upstream industry’s existing well base in the U.S. are underwater at low 20’s per barrel pricing. That was happening at the end of March. However, even though Russia and Saudi Arabia can operate existing wells in this environment, it does not mean that this is sustainable for very long. No one knows how long this price war will last. That said, even a few months of this pricing environment could create chaos for the U.S. energy sector. It had already severely impacted stock prices and demonstrated even day-to-day volatility in public markets. In March, the President indicated that the U.S. government may become a material buyer for about 30 million barrels of U.S. produced oil in order to fill the strategic petroleum reserve. However, the funding was not authorized by Congress in the CARES Act. Congressional Republicans pushed for it, but Democrats did not want to include a “bailout for big oil.” This could hasten bankruptcy acceleration for leveraged energy companies. However, since this is a global event and potentially temporary, banks may table defaults and foreclosures and instead better collateralize their exposures and add more commodity price hedges according to an analyst call by UBS. The U.S. Federal Reserve cut interest rates twice in the month of March. On March 3, the Fed made an emergency decision to cut interest rates by 0.5% in response to the foreseeable economic slowdown due to the spread of the coronavirus. This cut was anticipated and largely shrugged off by the markets as interest rates continued their pre- cipitous decline. Benchmark rates were again cut on March 15 by a full percent to near zero. The central bank also stated that it would increase bond holdings by $700 billion on the same day. These rate cuts however failed to tame oil and gas markets as Brent fell by 10% and U.S. crude fell below $30. Lower interest rates and new bond repurchasing pro- grams are ineffective in a weak demand environment, and prices continued to plummet through the remainder of the month. Interest Rates U.S. – Stimulus Bill: CARES Act
  • 7. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 5 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Macro Update Short Term Outlook The EIA expressed the heightened level of uncertainty in their latest release due to the evolving impact of the coro- navirus and the OPEC+ deal implications. The EIA forecasts that the U.S. will return to being a net importer of crude oil and petroleum products in the third quarter of 2020. On the petroleum product side, the EIA projects net exports being the lowest in the third quarter of 2020 because of U.S. refinery runs expecting to decline. The EIA expects that the largest impacts of decreased U.S. liquid fuels demand will occur in the second quarter of 2020 as a result of travel restrictions and significant disruptions to business and economic activity. 2019 Energy Purchase Price Allocation Study Mercer Capital’s 2019 Energy Purchase Price Allocation Study is a useful tool for management teams, investors, auditors, and even insurance underwriters as market participants grapple with ever-increasing market complexity. The study provides information on publicly available purchase price allocation data for four sub-sectors of the energy industry: exploration and production; midstream; oilfield services; and refining. CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD Mercer Capital 2019 Energy Purchase Price Allocation Study | © 2020 Mercer Capital | www.mercercapital.com MERCER CAPITAL 2019 Energy Purchase Price Allocation Study www.mercercapital.comJanuary 2020
  • 8. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 6 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy The economics of oil and gas production varies by region. Mercer Capital focuses on trends in the Eagle Ford, Permian, Bakken, and Marcellus and Utica plays. The cost of producing oil and gas depends on the geological makeup of the reserve, depth of reserve, and cost to transport the raw crude to market. We can observe different costs in different regions depending on these factors. This quarter we take a closer look at the Eagle Ford. Eagle Ford production grew approximately 2% year-over-year through March, lagging behind the Permian (18%), Bakken (6%) and Appalachia (5%). This is driven, in part, by the maturity of the Eagle Ford play relative to other areas, as well as the Eagle Ford’s relatively high proportion of gas production. Eagle Ford Production and Activity Levels -2% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% Mar-19 Apr-19 May-19 Jun-19 Jul-19 Aug-19 Sep-19 Oct-19 Nov-19 Dec-19 Jan-20 Feb-20 Mar-20 Bakken Eagle Ford Permian Appalachia Source: Energy Information Administration 1-Year Change in Production
  • 9. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 7 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy The rig count in the Eagle Ford at March 20th stood at 67, down 18% from the prior year. This decline is more severe than reductions seen in the Bakken and Permian, though better than Appalachia and the overall US rig count. The Eagle Ford’s rig count has also seen a strong bounce back from November’s lows. However, rig counts are a lagging indicator, so the count might fall further in light of recent commodity price declines. Eagle Ford Production and Activity Levels (cont.) -50% -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% 10% 20% Mar-19 Apr-19 May-19 Jun-19 Jul-19 Aug-19 Sep-19 Oct-19 Nov-19 Dec-19 Jan-20 Feb-20 Mar-20 Bakken Eagle Ford Permian Appal achia Total Source: Baker Hughes 1-Year Change in Rig Count
  • 10. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 8 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy The Eagle Ford is also seeing gains in new-well production per rig. While this metric doesn’t cover the full life cycle of a well, it is a signal of the increasing efficiency of operators in the area. New-well production per rig in the Eagle Ford increased 8% on a year-over-year basis through March, compared to increases of 15%, 13%, and -18% in the Bakken, Permian, and Appalachia, respectively. Eagle Ford Production and Activity Levels (cont.) New-Well Production per Rig 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 Bakken Eagle Ford Permian Appalachia boe/d March 2019 March 2020 Source: Energy Information AdministrationSource: Energy Information Administration
  • 11. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 9 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Eagle Ford Financial Performance All Eagle Ford E&P operators analyzed have had year-over-year stock price declines. EOG and Magnolia outper- formed the broader E&P universe (XOP), though Penn Virginia and Silverbow are both down more than 90%. Despite this financial performance, no Eagle Ford operators have filed for bankruptcy in the immediate wake of the price downturn. However, the commodity price environment has impacted the restructuring processes for Eagle Ford operators that entered bankruptcy in 2019. According to bankruptcy proceedings, Sanchez Energy may not be able to repay its debtor-in-possession (DIP) loan, which would result in no recovery for any legacy creditors. EP Energy announced in early March that its restructuring plan had been approved by the bankruptcy court. However, the deal was called off later in the month as lenders for the company’s exit financing pulled their support. 1-Year Change in Stock Price -100% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 40%Mar-19 Apr-19 May-19 Jun-19 Jul-19 Aug-19 Sep-19 Oct-19 Nov-19 Dec-19 Jan-20 Feb-20 Mar-20 EOG MGY PVAC SBOW XOP Source: Capital IQ
  • 12. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 10 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Infrastructure One of the Eagle Ford’s key advantages is its proximity to Gulf Coast refineries and export infrastructure. However, that benefit is eroding as demand for refined products is tanking (though storage costs are surging) and some importers are seeking to invoke force majeure clauses to reject LNG shipments. This also comes at a time when new pipelines are coming into service to carry Permian production to the Gulf Coast. The EPIC crude pipeline entered service in February, carrying oil volumes from Orla, Texas, to Corpus Christi. In September 2019, Kinder Morgan’s Gulf Coast Express was placed in service, transporting natural gas from the Permian to Agua Dulce (just southwest of Corpus Christi). Early next year, Kinder Morgan’s Permian Highway natural gas pipeline is expected to come online, carrying volumes from the Permian’s Waha hub to the Gulf Coast. While this infrastructure build-out is helping make energy markets more efficient, it is diminishing the Eagle Ford’s previous marketing advantages. Commodity prices are putting immense strain on E&P companies, and there is little relief in sight. The Eagle Ford’s maturity means that many of the lowest-cost, highest-return locations have already been drilled. The basin’s market ing advantages are eroding as new pipeline infrastructure transports surging Permian volumes to the Gulf Coast. With two Eagle Ford operators already in bankruptcy (Sanchez and EP Energy) and unable to exit, we’ll see if anyone joins them over the next twelve months. Eagle Ford DON’T MISS OUT Subscribe to our Energy Valuations Insights Blog A weekly update on issues important to the oil and gas industry. SUBSCRIBE
  • 13. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 11 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Steady Transaction Activity Restrained by Unforeseeable Circumstances Over the last year, deal activity in the Eagle Ford Shale was relatively steady, picking up towards the end of 2019 and carrying into early 2020. The recent uncertainty caused by the coronavirus pandemic and the Saudi-Russian oil production level conflict has, however, hindered M&A activity in the region, and frankly everywhere else. WTI closed below $23/bbl on March 18 with futures prices indicating a depressed price environment persisting for the near term. Although deal count has decreased as of late, the M&A landscape has the potential to ramp up as some companies will need to sell assets in order to bolster their balance sheets amid the challenging commodity price environment, though wide “bid/ask” spreads between buyers and sellers may be difficult to overcome. A table detailing E&P trans- action activity in the Eagle Ford over the last twelve months is shown below. Relative to 2018, deal count decreased by six and average deal size declined by roughly $650 million. Market Valuations & Transaction History Transactions in the Eagle Ford Announced Date Buyer Seller Deal Value ($MM) $ / Acre $ / Boepd 2/26/20 Undisclosed Buyer Lonestar Resources Ltd. na nm nm 1/9/20 Kimbell Royalty Partners LP Springbok Energy 175 nm 69,088 11/12/19 Ironwood Midstream Energy Partners II, LLC Twin Eagle na nm nm 11/12/19 Kimbell Royalty Partners LP Buckhorn Resources 36 422 134,444 11/8/19 Starwood Energy Group Global LLC Third Coast Midstream na nm nm 11/7/19 Repsol S.A. Equinor 325 7,476 18,103 11/7/19 Marathon Oil Corp. Rocky Creek Resources, LLC 185 10,278 26,429 10/3/19 Undisclosed Buyer Abraxas Petroleum Corp. 8 nm 25,484 8/1/19 CP Energy Services Spartan Energy Services na nm nm 7/22/19 Bayshore Energy TX LLC Sundance Energy Inc. 30 4,836 28,069 7/15/19 Callon Petroleum Co. Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc. 3,200 26,122 nm 5/7/19 Ensign Natural Resources LLC Pioneer Natural Resources 475 8,051 32,986 Median $180 $7,764 $28,069 Average $554 $9,531 $47,800 Source: Shale Experts
  • 14. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 12 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Ensign Natural Resources Entering, Pioneer Natural Resources Existing Ensign Natural Resources made its first acquisition as a company in May of 2019, acquiring Eagle Ford acreage from Pioneer Natural Resources. Brett Pennington, President and CEO of Ensign, explained that the assets included mean- ingful production and attractive drilling inventory. Pioneer on the other hand, was ready to become a pure-play Permian operator. In total, Pioneer has sold approximately $1 billion of assets located outside the Permian Basin. Pioneer seemed to make it clear that they are throwing all of their eggs in one basket. Callon Petroleum Expanding their Footprint The biggest deal, in terms of dollars, was Callon Petroleum’s acquisition of Carrizo Oil & Gas. Callon, a Permian Basin focused company, expanded its position in the Permian and entered the Eagle Ford with the acquired acreage. The deal terms had to be revised after significant investor pushback. The amended agreement stated that Callon shareholders would own approximately 58% (up from 54% initially) of the combined company and Carrizo shareholders will own approx- imately 42% (down from 46% initially). It should be noted that this deal is not pure Eagle Ford shale. Carrizo’s asset details included 76,500 acres in the Eagle Ford with roughly 600 undrilled locations and 46,000 acres in the Delaware Basin with about 1,400 undrilled locations. The combined assets will include 120,000 net acres in the Permian and 80,000 net acres in the Eagle Ford. The core positions in the Permian and Eagle Ford plan to produce over 100,000 boe/d of pro forma production. Joe Gatto, president and CEO of Callon, explained his vision of the larger company, which is to employ a more efficient scaled development model that aims to drive a lower cost of supply. The multibillion-dollar merger officially closed in December of 2019, and now seems like unfortunate timing due to the current price environment. Market Valuations & Transaction History (cont.)
  • 15. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 13 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Repsol S.A. Picking Up Where Equinor Left Off Equinor, a Norway based petroleum refining company, agreed to sell its Eagle Ford assets to Repsol for $325 million at the end of 2019. The agreement gives Repsol, a Spain headquartered oil & gas company, 100% control of the asset while making them the operator. In 2017, Equinor took a $850 million impairment on the asset due to lower than expected output. In 2018, Equinor also released that part of their acreage lies on areas with high water stress variables. Repsol expressed that the acquisition will give their producing assets portfolio a boost while taking advantage of operating synergies and efficiencies. The acqui- sition is also aligned with Repsol’s intentions to expand in North America. The deal plans to increase total production for Repsol in the Eagle Ford to approximately 54,000 boe/d. M&A transaction activity in Eagle Ford was fairly consistent throughout 2019, as companies focused on acquiring valuable acreage with production potential. However, no one can ignore the tough current conditions in the energy industry. Acquisitions that closed at the end of last year seem like the least of worries, as companies are simply trying to avoid bankruptcy. If conditions allow only the strongest to survive, it could lead to an increase in transaction activity ahead. Market Valuations & Transaction History (cont.)
  • 16. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 14 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Mercer Capital tracks the performance of Exploration and Production companies across different mineral reserves in order to understand how the current pricing envi- ronment affects operators in each region. We created an index of seven groups to better understand performance trends across reserves and the industry. The current pricing multiples of each company in the index are summarized below. Appendix A Selected Public Company Information as of March 31, 2020 Company Name Ticker 3/31/2020 Enterprise Value YoY % Change in Stock Price EBITDAX Margin EV/ EBITDAX Daily Production (mboe/d) Price per Flowing Barrel* Global Integrated Exxon Mobil Corp XOM $217,508 -50.60% 13.0% 6.5x 3,909 $55,638 Royal Dutch Shell PLC RDS/A $215,190 -40.50% 15.7% 4.0x 3,708 $58,040 Chevron Corp CVX $162,280 -38.69% 23.3% 5.0x 3,083 $52,644 BP PLC BP $139,124 -40.53% 9.7% 5.1x 3,596 $38,691 Equinor ASA EQNR $55,143 -41.34% 33.0% 2.7x 2,188 $25,198 Group Median -40.53% 15.7% 5.0x 3,596 $52,644 Global E&P Marathon Oil Corp MRO $7,469 -79.99% 62.0% 2.3x 410 $18,229 Hess Corp HES $17,525 -43.60% 51.7% 5.2x 335 $52,320 ConocoPhillips COP $40,947 -52.70% 48.5% 2.6x 1,249 $32,788 Occidental Petroleum Corp OXY $57,846 -80.98% 34.4% 8.2x 1,332 $43,442 Noble Energy Inc NBL $11,272 -75.02% 27.2% 9.3x 388 $29,017 Apache Corp APA $12,038 -87.49% 17.9% 10.5x 454 $26,543 Murphy Oil Corp MUR $4,386 -78.13% 86.3% 1.9x 194 $22,581 Group Median -78.13% 48.5% 5.2x 410 $29,017 Source: Bloomberg L.P. • Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/daily production ($/boe/d) • We review 10-K’s and annual reports from guideline companies to ensure companies continue to operate in the regions and groups we have identified.
  • 17. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 15 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy as of March 31, 2020 Company Name Ticker 3/31/2020 Enterprise Value YoY % Change in Stock Price EBITDAX Margin EV/ EBITDAX Daily Production (mboe/d) Price per Flowing Barrel* North American E&P Devon Energy Corp DVN $5,855 -77.62% 27.6% 2.8x 332 $17,647 QEP Resources Inc QEP $1,993 -95.62% 59.2% 2.9x 87 $22,964 WPX Energy Inc WPX $3,956 -76.74% 50.9% 3.2x 237 $16,686 Chesapeake Energy Corp CHK $11,501 -94.43% 26.8% 5.0x 449 $25,592 Group Median -86.03% 39.2% 3.0x 284 $20,306 Bakken Continental Resources Inc/OK CLR $8,452 -82.88% 71.4% 2.6x 338 $24,983 Whiting Petroleum Corp WLL $2,913 -97.44% 60.4% 3.0x 112 $25,913 Oasis Petroleum Inc OAS $3,032 -94.21% 47.2% 3.1x 83 $36,737 Group Median -94.21% 60.4% 3.0x 112 $25,913 Source: Bloomberg L.P. • Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/daily production ($/boe/d) • We review 10-K’s and annual reports from guideline companies to ensure companies continue to operate in the regions and groups we have identified. Appendix A Selected Public Company Information
  • 18. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 16 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy as of March 31, 2020 Company Name Ticker 3/31/2020 Enterprise Value YoY % Change in Stock Price EBITDAX Margin EV/ EBITDAX Daily Production (mboe/d) Price per Flowing Barrel* Appalachia Range Resources Corp RRC $3,822 -79.47% -11.7% nm 381 $10,021 EQT Corp EQT $7,153 -65.49% 11.5% 15.3x 672 $10,650 Cabot Oil & Gas Corp COG $7,907 -32.77% 67.4% 5.7x 400 $19,771 Antero Resources Corp AR $6,852 -91.93% 18.7% 8.6x 578 $11,860 Gulfport Energy Corp GPOR $2,058 -94.46% -29.2% nm 192 $10,726 Southwestern Energy Co SWN $3,304 -63.97% 28.5% 3.7x 383 $8,626 Group Median -72.48% 15.1% 7.1x 391 $10,688 Permian Basin Concho Resources Inc CXO $12,348 -61.09% 44.1% 6.2x 329 $37,479 Parsley Energy Inc PE $4,661 -70.07% 77.2% 3.2x 195 $23,902 Diamondback Energy Inc FANG $11,067 -73.88% 55.7% 4.9x 299 $37,020 Centennial Resource Development Inc/DE CDEV $1,154 -97.01% 69.6% 1.8x 72 $16,123 Callon Petroleum Co CPE $3,544 -92.74% 67.8% 7.8x 110 $32,365 Laredo Petroleum Inc LPI $1,252 -87.71% 0.9% 171.1x 82 $15,274 Pioneer Natural Resources Co PXD $14,161 -53.27% 28.6% 5.1x 364 $38,892 Cimarex Energy Co XEC $3,948 -75.51% 30.5% 5.5x 272 $14,521 Group Median -74.69% 49.9% 5.3x 233 $28,133 Source: Bloomberg L.P. • Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/daily production ($/boe/d) • We review 10-K’s and annual reports from guideline companies to ensure companies continue to operate in the regions and groups we have identified. Appendix A Selected Public Company Information
  • 19. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 17 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy as of March 31, 2020 Company Name Ticker 3/31/2020 Enterprise Value YoY % Change in Stock Price EBITDAX Margin EV/ EBITDAX Daily Production (mboe/d) Price per Flowing Barrel* Eagle Ford EOG Resources Inc EOG $24,854 -61.77% 48.8% 3.0x 859 $28,936 Magnolia Oil & Gas Corp MGY $1,228 -66.67% 72.8% 1.8x 67 $18,364 SilverBow Resources Inc SBOW $510 -89.26% 70.8% 2.5x 35 $14,645 Penn Virginia Corp PVAC $597 -92.99% 74.3% 1.7x 25 $23,617 Group Median -77.96% 71.8% 2.2x 51 $20,990 OVERALL MEDIAN -76.74% 44.1% 4.0x 338 $24,983 Source: Bloomberg L.P. • Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/daily production ($/boe/d) • We review 10-K’s and annual reports from guideline companies to ensure companies continue to operate in the regions and groups we have identified. Appendix A Selected Public Company Information
  • 20. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 18 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Price per Flowing Barrel Appendix A Selected Public Company Information The following graph depicts the median of EV/production multiples, also known as price per flowing barrel, at the end of the past six quarters. As has been the case for some time now, operators in the Permian continue to lead the other regions in terms of valuation, although this margin is decreasing. The Permian saw a decrease (56%) in its price per flowing barrel in the fourth quarter. The Eagle Ford, Appalachia, and Bakken saw decreases of 52%, 9%, and 44%, respectively. Low commodity prices have negatively impacted operators regardless of region, as all four basins have seen a decline in price per flowing barrel in the range of 39% to 57% since Q4 2018. $0 $30,000 $60,000 $90,000 2018 Q4 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2019 Q3 2019 Q4 2020 Q1 Bakken Eagle Ford Permian AppalachiaSource: Bloomberg • Price per Flowing Barrel is EV/ daily production ($/boe/d) • This is simply a graphic depiction of median figures of our selected public companies for each region. This should be interpreted solely in the context of relative valuation between the various basins over time. Bloomberg aggregates this raw data, and Mercer Capital does not represent or warrant these figures as indicative of valuation multiples attributable to E&P companies or other interests.
  • 21. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 19 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Appendix B Production Despite being far from a focal point, Appalachia crude production increased 21.4% over the past year. Permian crude oil production increased 16.2% despite its significant size as it continues to dominate other basins. On the other hand, the Eagle Ford experienced mild production growth of 0.95% over the year along with the Bakken with an increase of 4.8%. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 M ar-15 Sep-15 M ar-16 Sep-16 M ar-17 Sep-17 M ar-18 Sep-18 M ar-19 Sep-19 M ar-20 mmbbl/d Bakken Eagle Ford Permian AppalachiaSource: EIA Daily Production of Crude Oil
  • 22. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 20 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Appendix B Production 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 M ar-15 Sep-15 M ar-16 Sep-16 M ar-17 Sep-17 M ar-18 Sep-18 M ar-19 Sep-19 M ar-20 mmcf/d Bakken Eagle Ford Permian AppalachiaSource: EIA Daily Production of Natural Gas Natural gas production in the Appalachia has increased 5.1% over the last year, whereas Permian production has grown 20.1% in the same time frame. Growth in the Eagle Ford and in the Bakken increased 8.2% year over year. Growth in the last six months was dominated by the Permian at 6.2%, whereas all of the other basins experienced negative growth.
  • 23. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 21 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy Appendix B Rig Count Rig Count by Region Baker Hughes collects and publishes information regarding active drilling rigs in the United States and internationally. The number of active rigs is a key indicator of demand for oilfield services & equipment. Factors influencing rig counts include energy prices, investment climate, technological changes, regulatory activity, weather, and seasonality. The number of active rigs in the United States as of March 31, 2020 stood at 624, a 7.8% decrease from December 31, 2019, and a 23.5% decline from March 2019. The rig count in the Eagle Ford decreased from 69 to 60 rigs in over the last year as E&P operators focused on not overrunning their capex budgets to appease investors. 1 Calculations based on monthly crude oil and gas production and EIA drilling report by region. 0 300 600 900 1,200 M ar-15 Sep-15 M ar-16 Sep-16 M ar-17 Sep-17 M ar-18 Sep-18 M ar-19 Sep-19 M ar-20 Bakken Eagle Ford Permian Appalachia Other Source: Baker Hughes
  • 24. © 2020 Mercer Capital // Business Valuation & Financial Advisory Services // www.mercercapital.com 22 Mercer Capital’s Value Focus: E&P Industry // First Quarter 2020 @MercerEnergy U.S. Rig Count by Oil vs. Natural GasAppendix B Rig Count U.S. Rig Count by Trajectory 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 M ar-15 Sep-15 M ar-16 Sep-16 M ar-17 Sep-17 M ar-18 Sep-18 M ar-19 Sep-19 M ar-20 Oil GasSource: Baker Hughes 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 M ar-15 Sep-15 M ar-16 Sep-16 M ar-17 Sep-17 M ar-18 Sep-18 M ar-19 Sep-19 M ar-20 Directional Horizontal Vertical Source: Baker Hughes