SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 19
Download to read offline
Dr. Dheeraj Lamba
Head/Associate Professor,
Department of Physiotherapy,
Jimma University
Email: dheeraj.lamba@gmail.com
 Psychological well being
 Ability to enjoy life
 Mental performance
 Productivity
 Societal norms
 Consistency – mood, behaviour, functioning.
 Level of function
 Ability to cope
 Behavioural adjustment
 Circumstantial
 Mental illness is one of the main causes of disease
burden worldwide.
 1 in 6 in the last week, 1 in 4 in the last year .
 UK cost = £100bn per year.
 30% people with chronic physical illness .
 6,233 suicides recorded in the UK in 2013.
 In Ethiopia, depression contributes to about 6.5%
of the burden of diseases. In a predominantly rural
area, mental disorders were estimated to be
responsible for 11% of the total disease burden,
schizophrenia, and depression among the top ten
most burdensome conditions
 Prevalence =relevance.
 There is widespread stigma and discrimination
in Ethiopia which has contributed to under-
utilization of available mental health services in
the country. This should be addressed with
contextually designed and effective stigma
reduction interventions that engage
stakeholders (service users, service providers,
community representatives and service
developers and policy makers) so that the
United Nations universal health coverage goal
for mental health can be achieved in Ethiopia.
 Depression
 Anxiety
 Bipolar disorder
 Schizophrenia
 Bipolar-affective disorder
 Schizo-affective disorder
 Personality disorders
 Eating disorders
 Addiction
 PTSD
 OCD
 Episodes of depression and elation
 Mood instability – 1% of population.
 Type I, Type II, Rapid Cycling, Cyclothymia.(mood
changes – from feeling low to emotional highs)
 Constant sadness
 Loss of appetite
 Anhedonia
 Nihilism
 Low self-esteem
 Isolation
 Poor sleep and self care
 Avoiding eye contact
 Suicidality
 Very happy
 Flight of ideas
 Full of energy
 Over exercising
 Reckless spending
 Disinhibition
 Grandiosity
 Frustrated with others
who aren’t as happy
 Abnormal social behaviour
 Inability to understand what is real
 Hallucinations
 False beliefs
 0.3-0.7% prevalence
 Risk factors include genetics, being
male, cannabis use, older parents.
 Culture must be considered
 Paranoia
 Split Personality
 Incidence of SCZ in black African and Caribbean
population much higher than white population in UK
 Nine times more likely
 Differences in culture?
 Trend has continued with second and third generation
migrants.
 Many African religions include spiritual beliefs
 Shamanism – ability to connect with supernatural realm,
an aspect of many religions.
 Ireland – delusions of sainthood
 Industrialised countries – delusions of surveillance
 Cultural/societal norms – who can diagnose?
5000BC
 Skull trephination the surgical
procedure in which a hole is
created in the skull by the
removal of circular piece of
bone
 Lobotomies a surgical
operation
involving incision into
the prefrontal lobe of the brain
 Exorcisms
 Isolation
Ancient Greece
 Biomedical model
 Blood letting
 Purging
 Imposing balanced
diets
 Environmental change
 Occupational change
1st-20th Century
 Asylums, mad houses,
workhouses.
 Religion
 Abandonment
 Abuse and restraint
 Confinement
 Untrained staff
Social Care
 Community
support
 Financial support
 Housing
Talking Therapy
 CBT
 Mindfulness
 Psychotherapy
 Psychology
Medication
 Antidepressants
 Antipsychotics
 Mood Stabilisers
 Anxiolytics
Community Teams
 Dedicated Care Co-
ordinator
 Multi-disciplinary
 Assistance with
occupation
 Social inclusion schemes
 Point of contact for all
care needs
 Medication issues
Acute Hospital
Care
 Controlled environment
 Medication trials
 MDT
 Identification of needs
 Assessment of risks
 Episodes of increased
illness severity
Electro-convulsive
Therapy
 Electrical current into the
brain - seizure
 Treatment resistant
depression
 Psychotic depression
 Catatonia - SCZ
 Informed consent
 Safe environment
Nausea – Indigestion – Constipation – Diarrhoea - Ache
Agitation – Insomnia – Anxiety – Sexual Dysfunction
Stiffness – Restlessness – Sleepiness – Tardive Dyskinesia
Weight Gain – Slowness – Increased Thirst – Urinary
Frequency – Muscle Weakness – Shaking – Drooling – Dry
Skin – Headaches – Sweating – Goitre – Feinting
Bradycardia – Bradykinesia – Increased Appetite
Confusion – Memory Loss – Tinnitus – Visual Disturbance
Ataxia – Skin Rashes – Itchiness – Hair Loss – Fluid
Retention – Reduced WBC – Chills – Fever – Anhedonia
 4.1 times the overall risk of premature death
 Dying up to 20 years too early
 Twice the risk of diabetes
 3 times the risk of hypertension
 10 fold increase in deaths from respiratory
disease
 Physical disease is under-diagnosed and under
treated in people with schizophrenia
 High chances of DM
 30% stroke patients suffer depression
 Long term physical morbidity = 3 times more
likely to have MH problems than population
 Major depression 4 times greater in people with
chronic LBP
 Gulliver et al. 2015 – half of elite athletes suffering
symptoms of mental ill health
 Fipro study 2015 – 38% professional footballers
suffer with depression
 Emotions, experience, perceptions.
 fMRI studies – same regions
activated with pain
 DeWall et al 2010 – paracetamol
reduces psychological pain.
 Demonstrating substantial overlap
between physical and
psychological pain.
 Humans are incredibly complex creatures
 Mental illness is common
 Even more common with physical morbidity
 Linked to poor physical health and early death
 You will have mentally unwell patients in every
specialty of physiotherapy
Therefore:
 Every physiotherapist should understand:
1. Symptoms of mental illness
2. Treatments for mental illness – side effects
3. Impact of mental illness on physiotherapy Rx
 There are many Physiotherapy interventions
that are potentially effective in improving
physical and mental health and health related
quality of life. The most common forms of
exercise are aerobic, strengthening, and
stretching.
 Aerobic exercises such as jogging, swimming,
walking, and cycling have been proven to
reduce anxiety and depression.
 Exercise reduces symptoms in people who suffer
from depression, anxiety, and stress through the
release of endorphins and also known as
"happiness chemical". Exercise can also help to
prevent cognitive decline.
 Physiotherapists can provide health promotion,
preventive healthcare, treatment, and
rehabilitation for individuals and groups. In
therapeutic settings, the physiotherapist can play
an essential role in preventing the diseases and
promoting the health by educating patients about
it.
Mental Health for physiotherapy and other health students

More Related Content

Similar to Mental Health for physiotherapy and other health students

Mental health
Mental healthMental health
Mental health
Abdo_452
 

Similar to Mental Health for physiotherapy and other health students (20)

3. Mental Health and Cultural Response1.pdf
3. Mental Health and Cultural Response1.pdf3. Mental Health and Cultural Response1.pdf
3. Mental Health and Cultural Response1.pdf
 
Wmhd 2010
Wmhd 2010Wmhd 2010
Wmhd 2010
 
Dr. Chris Leggett - Royal College of General Practitioners
Dr. Chris Leggett - Royal College of General PractitionersDr. Chris Leggett - Royal College of General Practitioners
Dr. Chris Leggett - Royal College of General Practitioners
 
Geriatric health with their problem and control
Geriatric health with their problem and controlGeriatric health with their problem and control
Geriatric health with their problem and control
 
Nursing management of the- medical surgical nursing-1 UNIT 14.pptx
Nursing management of the- medical surgical nursing-1 UNIT 14.pptxNursing management of the- medical surgical nursing-1 UNIT 14.pptx
Nursing management of the- medical surgical nursing-1 UNIT 14.pptx
 
Mental health
Mental healthMental health
Mental health
 
Health and medicine class 10
Health and medicine class 10 Health and medicine class 10
Health and medicine class 10
 
Geriatric
GeriatricGeriatric
Geriatric
 
Berger Ls 7e Ch 20
Berger Ls 7e  Ch 20Berger Ls 7e  Ch 20
Berger Ls 7e Ch 20
 
Women, Aging and Mental Health
Women, Aging and Mental HealthWomen, Aging and Mental Health
Women, Aging and Mental Health
 
Women, Aging, and Mental Health
Women, Aging, and Mental HealthWomen, Aging, and Mental Health
Women, Aging, and Mental Health
 
Geriatric care by Dr Anil Kumar, Associate Professor , AIIMS-PATNA
Geriatric care by Dr Anil Kumar, Associate Professor , AIIMS-PATNAGeriatric care by Dr Anil Kumar, Associate Professor , AIIMS-PATNA
Geriatric care by Dr Anil Kumar, Associate Professor , AIIMS-PATNA
 
Huntington
Huntington Huntington
Huntington
 
The most common lifestyle disorders
The most common lifestyle disordersThe most common lifestyle disorders
The most common lifestyle disorders
 
Geriatrics27
Geriatrics27Geriatrics27
Geriatrics27
 
Geriatrics27
Geriatrics27Geriatrics27
Geriatrics27
 
Geriatrics
GeriatricsGeriatrics
Geriatrics
 
Vfcs Presentation 04232009 Rev
Vfcs Presentation 04232009 RevVfcs Presentation 04232009 Rev
Vfcs Presentation 04232009 Rev
 
A c hall
A c hallA c hall
A c hall
 
Mental health
Mental healthMental health
Mental health
 

More from eyobkaseye

More from eyobkaseye (20)

002 _SCIATICA.pdf
002 _SCIATICA.pdf002 _SCIATICA.pdf
002 _SCIATICA.pdf
 
Seminar for Physiotherapy(year III).pdf
Seminar for Physiotherapy(year III).pdfSeminar for Physiotherapy(year III).pdf
Seminar for Physiotherapy(year III).pdf
 
lecture for physiothrapy.pdf
lecture for physiothrapy.pdflecture for physiothrapy.pdf
lecture for physiothrapy.pdf
 
Dementia , Alzheimer , Epillepsy , Sezuire.pptx
Dementia , Alzheimer , Epillepsy , Sezuire.pptxDementia , Alzheimer , Epillepsy , Sezuire.pptx
Dementia , Alzheimer , Epillepsy , Sezuire.pptx
 
Anatomy of hand-1.pptx
Anatomy of hand-1.pptxAnatomy of hand-1.pptx
Anatomy of hand-1.pptx
 
elias 2.pptx
elias 2.pptxelias 2.pptx
elias 2.pptx
 
SLAP Lesion and.pdf
SLAP Lesion and.pdfSLAP Lesion and.pdf
SLAP Lesion and.pdf
 
0004 AC, SC and ST joints dislocation-Copy.pdf
0004 AC, SC and ST joints dislocation-Copy.pdf0004 AC, SC and ST joints dislocation-Copy.pdf
0004 AC, SC and ST joints dislocation-Copy.pdf
 
Ambulatory devices
Ambulatory devicesAmbulatory devices
Ambulatory devices
 
thorax cage.pptx
thorax cage.pptxthorax cage.pptx
thorax cage.pptx
 
IRR.ppt
IRR.pptIRR.ppt
IRR.ppt
 
Range of Motion - Copy.pptx
Range of Motion - Copy.pptxRange of Motion - Copy.pptx
Range of Motion - Copy.pptx
 
Functional Re education1.ppt
Functional Re education1.pptFunctional Re education1.ppt
Functional Re education1.ppt
 
Therapeutic_currents.ppt
Therapeutic_currents.pptTherapeutic_currents.ppt
Therapeutic_currents.ppt
 
Manupilation (1).pptx
Manupilation (1).pptxManupilation (1).pptx
Manupilation (1).pptx
 
STRETCHING FOR IMPAIRED MOBILITY - Copy - Copy (1).pptx
STRETCHING FOR IMPAIRED MOBILITY - Copy - Copy (1).pptxSTRETCHING FOR IMPAIRED MOBILITY - Copy - Copy (1).pptx
STRETCHING FOR IMPAIRED MOBILITY - Copy - Copy (1).pptx
 
Range of Motion.pptx
Range of Motion.pptxRange of Motion.pptx
Range of Motion.pptx
 
Different types of low frequency currents.pdf
Different types of low frequency currents.pdfDifferent types of low frequency currents.pdf
Different types of low frequency currents.pdf
 
physi L.pptx
physi L.pptxphysi L.pptx
physi L.pptx
 
Anatomy of Vertebral column for physioterapy (4).ppt
Anatomy of Vertebral column for physioterapy (4).pptAnatomy of Vertebral column for physioterapy (4).ppt
Anatomy of Vertebral column for physioterapy (4).ppt
 

Recently uploaded

ITM HOSPITAL The hospital has also been recognised as the best emerging hosp...
ITM  HOSPITAL The hospital has also been recognised as the best emerging hosp...ITM  HOSPITAL The hospital has also been recognised as the best emerging hosp...
ITM HOSPITAL The hospital has also been recognised as the best emerging hosp...
jvomprakash
 
Spauldings classification ppt by Dr C P PRINCE
Spauldings classification ppt by Dr C P PRINCESpauldings classification ppt by Dr C P PRINCE
Spauldings classification ppt by Dr C P PRINCE
DR.PRINCE C P
 
Catheterization Procedure by Anushri Srivastav.pptx
Catheterization Procedure by Anushri Srivastav.pptxCatheterization Procedure by Anushri Srivastav.pptx
Catheterization Procedure by Anushri Srivastav.pptx
AnushriSrivastav
 
Cara menggugurkan kandungan paling ampuh 08561234742
Cara menggugurkan kandungan paling ampuh 08561234742Cara menggugurkan kandungan paling ampuh 08561234742
Cara menggugurkan kandungan paling ampuh 08561234742
Jual obat penggugur 08561234742 Cara menggugurkan kandungan 08561234742
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Session-17-KANGAROO-MOTHER-CARE_final-blue.pptx
Session-17-KANGAROO-MOTHER-CARE_final-blue.pptxSession-17-KANGAROO-MOTHER-CARE_final-blue.pptx
Session-17-KANGAROO-MOTHER-CARE_final-blue.pptx
 
Mike Lowe’s cancer fight lowe strong shirt
Mike Lowe’s cancer fight lowe strong shirtMike Lowe’s cancer fight lowe strong shirt
Mike Lowe’s cancer fight lowe strong shirt
 
The 2024 Outlook for Older Adults: Healthcare Consumer Survey
The 2024 Outlook for Older Adults: Healthcare Consumer SurveyThe 2024 Outlook for Older Adults: Healthcare Consumer Survey
The 2024 Outlook for Older Adults: Healthcare Consumer Survey
 
ITM HOSPITAL The hospital has also been recognised as the best emerging hosp...
ITM  HOSPITAL The hospital has also been recognised as the best emerging hosp...ITM  HOSPITAL The hospital has also been recognised as the best emerging hosp...
ITM HOSPITAL The hospital has also been recognised as the best emerging hosp...
 
The Power of Technology and Collaboration in Research - Rheumatology Research...
The Power of Technology and Collaboration in Research - Rheumatology Research...The Power of Technology and Collaboration in Research - Rheumatology Research...
The Power of Technology and Collaboration in Research - Rheumatology Research...
 
VIP ℂall Girls Sushant Lok 9873777170 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Available
VIP ℂall Girls Sushant Lok 9873777170 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe AvailableVIP ℂall Girls Sushant Lok 9873777170 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Available
VIP ℂall Girls Sushant Lok 9873777170 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Available
 
Spauldings classification ppt by Dr C P PRINCE
Spauldings classification ppt by Dr C P PRINCESpauldings classification ppt by Dr C P PRINCE
Spauldings classification ppt by Dr C P PRINCE
 
clostridiumbotulinum- BY Muzammil Ahmed Siddiqui.pptx
clostridiumbotulinum- BY Muzammil Ahmed Siddiqui.pptxclostridiumbotulinum- BY Muzammil Ahmed Siddiqui.pptx
clostridiumbotulinum- BY Muzammil Ahmed Siddiqui.pptx
 
Antiepileptic-Drugs-and-Congenital-Anomalies copy.pptx
Antiepileptic-Drugs-and-Congenital-Anomalies copy.pptxAntiepileptic-Drugs-and-Congenital-Anomalies copy.pptx
Antiepileptic-Drugs-and-Congenital-Anomalies copy.pptx
 
POSHAN ABHIYAAN-Poshan 2.0 will concentrate on Maternal Nutrition, Infant and...
POSHAN ABHIYAAN-Poshan 2.0 will concentrate on Maternal Nutrition, Infant and...POSHAN ABHIYAAN-Poshan 2.0 will concentrate on Maternal Nutrition, Infant and...
POSHAN ABHIYAAN-Poshan 2.0 will concentrate on Maternal Nutrition, Infant and...
 
Top^Clinic ^%[+27785538335__Safe*Abortion Pills For Sale In Soweto
Top^Clinic ^%[+27785538335__Safe*Abortion Pills For Sale In SowetoTop^Clinic ^%[+27785538335__Safe*Abortion Pills For Sale In Soweto
Top^Clinic ^%[+27785538335__Safe*Abortion Pills For Sale In Soweto
 
Session-3-Promoting-Breastfeeding-During-Pregnancy.ppt
Session-3-Promoting-Breastfeeding-During-Pregnancy.pptSession-3-Promoting-Breastfeeding-During-Pregnancy.ppt
Session-3-Promoting-Breastfeeding-During-Pregnancy.ppt
 
GENETICS and KIDNEY DISEASES /
GENETICS and KIDNEY DISEASES            /GENETICS and KIDNEY DISEASES            /
GENETICS and KIDNEY DISEASES /
 
Catheterization Procedure by Anushri Srivastav.pptx
Catheterization Procedure by Anushri Srivastav.pptxCatheterization Procedure by Anushri Srivastav.pptx
Catheterization Procedure by Anushri Srivastav.pptx
 
End of Response issues - Code and Rapid Response Workshop
End of Response issues - Code and Rapid Response WorkshopEnd of Response issues - Code and Rapid Response Workshop
End of Response issues - Code and Rapid Response Workshop
 
LTM Session-8-Practices-that-assist-BF..ppt
LTM Session-8-Practices-that-assist-BF..pptLTM Session-8-Practices-that-assist-BF..ppt
LTM Session-8-Practices-that-assist-BF..ppt
 
Lactation Mraining Management Session-2-Comm-Building-Conf.ppt
Lactation Mraining Management  Session-2-Comm-Building-Conf.pptLactation Mraining Management  Session-2-Comm-Building-Conf.ppt
Lactation Mraining Management Session-2-Comm-Building-Conf.ppt
 
Cara menggugurkan kandungan paling ampuh 08561234742
Cara menggugurkan kandungan paling ampuh 08561234742Cara menggugurkan kandungan paling ampuh 08561234742
Cara menggugurkan kandungan paling ampuh 08561234742
 
Navigating Conflict in PE Using Strengths-Based Approaches
Navigating Conflict in PE Using Strengths-Based ApproachesNavigating Conflict in PE Using Strengths-Based Approaches
Navigating Conflict in PE Using Strengths-Based Approaches
 
Unlock the Secrets to Optimizing Ambulatory Operations Efficiency and Change ...
Unlock the Secrets to Optimizing Ambulatory Operations Efficiency and Change ...Unlock the Secrets to Optimizing Ambulatory Operations Efficiency and Change ...
Unlock the Secrets to Optimizing Ambulatory Operations Efficiency and Change ...
 

Mental Health for physiotherapy and other health students

  • 1. Dr. Dheeraj Lamba Head/Associate Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, Jimma University Email: dheeraj.lamba@gmail.com
  • 2.  Psychological well being  Ability to enjoy life  Mental performance  Productivity  Societal norms  Consistency – mood, behaviour, functioning.  Level of function  Ability to cope  Behavioural adjustment  Circumstantial
  • 3.  Mental illness is one of the main causes of disease burden worldwide.  1 in 6 in the last week, 1 in 4 in the last year .  UK cost = £100bn per year.  30% people with chronic physical illness .  6,233 suicides recorded in the UK in 2013.  In Ethiopia, depression contributes to about 6.5% of the burden of diseases. In a predominantly rural area, mental disorders were estimated to be responsible for 11% of the total disease burden, schizophrenia, and depression among the top ten most burdensome conditions  Prevalence =relevance.
  • 4.  There is widespread stigma and discrimination in Ethiopia which has contributed to under- utilization of available mental health services in the country. This should be addressed with contextually designed and effective stigma reduction interventions that engage stakeholders (service users, service providers, community representatives and service developers and policy makers) so that the United Nations universal health coverage goal for mental health can be achieved in Ethiopia.
  • 5.  Depression  Anxiety  Bipolar disorder  Schizophrenia  Bipolar-affective disorder  Schizo-affective disorder  Personality disorders  Eating disorders  Addiction  PTSD  OCD
  • 6.  Episodes of depression and elation  Mood instability – 1% of population.  Type I, Type II, Rapid Cycling, Cyclothymia.(mood changes – from feeling low to emotional highs)
  • 7.  Constant sadness  Loss of appetite  Anhedonia  Nihilism  Low self-esteem  Isolation  Poor sleep and self care  Avoiding eye contact  Suicidality  Very happy  Flight of ideas  Full of energy  Over exercising  Reckless spending  Disinhibition  Grandiosity  Frustrated with others who aren’t as happy
  • 8.  Abnormal social behaviour  Inability to understand what is real  Hallucinations  False beliefs  0.3-0.7% prevalence  Risk factors include genetics, being male, cannabis use, older parents.  Culture must be considered  Paranoia  Split Personality
  • 9.  Incidence of SCZ in black African and Caribbean population much higher than white population in UK  Nine times more likely  Differences in culture?  Trend has continued with second and third generation migrants.  Many African religions include spiritual beliefs  Shamanism – ability to connect with supernatural realm, an aspect of many religions.  Ireland – delusions of sainthood  Industrialised countries – delusions of surveillance  Cultural/societal norms – who can diagnose?
  • 10. 5000BC  Skull trephination the surgical procedure in which a hole is created in the skull by the removal of circular piece of bone  Lobotomies a surgical operation involving incision into the prefrontal lobe of the brain  Exorcisms  Isolation Ancient Greece  Biomedical model  Blood letting  Purging  Imposing balanced diets  Environmental change  Occupational change 1st-20th Century  Asylums, mad houses, workhouses.  Religion  Abandonment  Abuse and restraint  Confinement  Untrained staff
  • 11. Social Care  Community support  Financial support  Housing Talking Therapy  CBT  Mindfulness  Psychotherapy  Psychology Medication  Antidepressants  Antipsychotics  Mood Stabilisers  Anxiolytics Community Teams  Dedicated Care Co- ordinator  Multi-disciplinary  Assistance with occupation  Social inclusion schemes  Point of contact for all care needs  Medication issues Acute Hospital Care  Controlled environment  Medication trials  MDT  Identification of needs  Assessment of risks  Episodes of increased illness severity Electro-convulsive Therapy  Electrical current into the brain - seizure  Treatment resistant depression  Psychotic depression  Catatonia - SCZ  Informed consent  Safe environment
  • 12. Nausea – Indigestion – Constipation – Diarrhoea - Ache Agitation – Insomnia – Anxiety – Sexual Dysfunction Stiffness – Restlessness – Sleepiness – Tardive Dyskinesia Weight Gain – Slowness – Increased Thirst – Urinary Frequency – Muscle Weakness – Shaking – Drooling – Dry Skin – Headaches – Sweating – Goitre – Feinting Bradycardia – Bradykinesia – Increased Appetite Confusion – Memory Loss – Tinnitus – Visual Disturbance Ataxia – Skin Rashes – Itchiness – Hair Loss – Fluid Retention – Reduced WBC – Chills – Fever – Anhedonia
  • 13.  4.1 times the overall risk of premature death  Dying up to 20 years too early  Twice the risk of diabetes  3 times the risk of hypertension  10 fold increase in deaths from respiratory disease  Physical disease is under-diagnosed and under treated in people with schizophrenia  High chances of DM
  • 14.  30% stroke patients suffer depression  Long term physical morbidity = 3 times more likely to have MH problems than population  Major depression 4 times greater in people with chronic LBP  Gulliver et al. 2015 – half of elite athletes suffering symptoms of mental ill health  Fipro study 2015 – 38% professional footballers suffer with depression
  • 15.  Emotions, experience, perceptions.  fMRI studies – same regions activated with pain  DeWall et al 2010 – paracetamol reduces psychological pain.  Demonstrating substantial overlap between physical and psychological pain.
  • 16.  Humans are incredibly complex creatures  Mental illness is common  Even more common with physical morbidity  Linked to poor physical health and early death  You will have mentally unwell patients in every specialty of physiotherapy Therefore:  Every physiotherapist should understand: 1. Symptoms of mental illness 2. Treatments for mental illness – side effects 3. Impact of mental illness on physiotherapy Rx
  • 17.  There are many Physiotherapy interventions that are potentially effective in improving physical and mental health and health related quality of life. The most common forms of exercise are aerobic, strengthening, and stretching.  Aerobic exercises such as jogging, swimming, walking, and cycling have been proven to reduce anxiety and depression.
  • 18.  Exercise reduces symptoms in people who suffer from depression, anxiety, and stress through the release of endorphins and also known as "happiness chemical". Exercise can also help to prevent cognitive decline.  Physiotherapists can provide health promotion, preventive healthcare, treatment, and rehabilitation for individuals and groups. In therapeutic settings, the physiotherapist can play an essential role in preventing the diseases and promoting the health by educating patients about it.