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Music of the
Medival Period
700-1400 AD
Objectives
• At the end this module, students are
expected to:
• Listen perceptively to selected vocal and
instrumental music of Medieval Period.
• Explain the performance practice (setting,
composition, role of composers/performers
and audience) of medieval period.
What to know:
• Music of the medieval period (700-1400)
• Characteristics features of medieval
period, composers, historical and cultural
background.
• Characteristics of Gregorian chants
• Troubadour music
• Composer of the period
Medieval Period
• The Medieval period is also known as the Middle Ages
or ―Dark Ages that started with the fall of the Roman
Empire. During this time, the Christian Church influenced
Europe’s culture and political affairs.
• Monophonic plainchant was named after Pope Gregory
I, who made this the approved music of the Catholic
Church. Pope Gregory’s action made monophonic
plainchants popular. Although it was originally
transmitted orally, scholars agreed to put it in notation to
assist dissemination of chants across
Europe.
Characteristics of the Gregorian Chants:
• Monophonic
• Free meter
• Modal
• Usually based on Latin liturgy
• Use of Neume notation
The music sheet below is a notated Gregorian
Chant written in Neumes:
• During the latter part of the Medieval Period, secular
music which was not bound by Catholic traditions
emerged. Most of these songs were performed across
Europe by groups of musicians called Troubadours.
• Troubadour Music:
• -Usually monophonic
• -Sometimes with improvised accompaniment
• -Tells of chivalry and courtly love
• -Originated in France
• -Written in the French language
•
FAMOUS COMPOSER OF THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD:
ADAM DE LA HALLE .FRANCE, 1237 - 1288
• Adam de la Halle was also known as Adam le
Bossu (Adam the Hunchback).
• He was the son of a well – known citizen of
Arras, Henri de la Halle. He received his
education at the Cistercian Abbey of Vaucelles,
near Cambral.
• Adam was destined for the church but he
eventually married.
• His patrons were Robert II, Count of Artois, and
Charles of Anjou, brother of Louis IX.
• Adam was one of the oldest secular composers whose
literary and musical works include chansons and poetic
debates.
• He was a French-born trouvére, poet and musician,
whose literary and musical works include chansons and
jeux-partis (poetic debates) in the style of the trouveres,
polyphonic rondel and motets in the style of early
liturgical polyphony.
• His musical play, ―Jeu de Robin et Marion‖ was
considered the earliest surviving secular French play
with music.
• His works include:
1. Le Jeu de Robin et de Marion
2. La Chanson du roi de Sicile
Thank you

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Medieval music 1.pptx

  • 1. Music of the Medival Period 700-1400 AD
  • 2. Objectives • At the end this module, students are expected to: • Listen perceptively to selected vocal and instrumental music of Medieval Period. • Explain the performance practice (setting, composition, role of composers/performers and audience) of medieval period.
  • 3. What to know: • Music of the medieval period (700-1400) • Characteristics features of medieval period, composers, historical and cultural background. • Characteristics of Gregorian chants • Troubadour music • Composer of the period
  • 4. Medieval Period • The Medieval period is also known as the Middle Ages or ―Dark Ages that started with the fall of the Roman Empire. During this time, the Christian Church influenced Europe’s culture and political affairs. • Monophonic plainchant was named after Pope Gregory I, who made this the approved music of the Catholic Church. Pope Gregory’s action made monophonic plainchants popular. Although it was originally transmitted orally, scholars agreed to put it in notation to assist dissemination of chants across Europe.
  • 5. Characteristics of the Gregorian Chants: • Monophonic • Free meter • Modal • Usually based on Latin liturgy • Use of Neume notation
  • 6. The music sheet below is a notated Gregorian Chant written in Neumes:
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  • 12. • During the latter part of the Medieval Period, secular music which was not bound by Catholic traditions emerged. Most of these songs were performed across Europe by groups of musicians called Troubadours. • Troubadour Music: • -Usually monophonic • -Sometimes with improvised accompaniment • -Tells of chivalry and courtly love • -Originated in France • -Written in the French language •
  • 13. FAMOUS COMPOSER OF THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD: ADAM DE LA HALLE .FRANCE, 1237 - 1288
  • 14. • Adam de la Halle was also known as Adam le Bossu (Adam the Hunchback). • He was the son of a well – known citizen of Arras, Henri de la Halle. He received his education at the Cistercian Abbey of Vaucelles, near Cambral. • Adam was destined for the church but he eventually married. • His patrons were Robert II, Count of Artois, and Charles of Anjou, brother of Louis IX.
  • 15. • Adam was one of the oldest secular composers whose literary and musical works include chansons and poetic debates. • He was a French-born trouvére, poet and musician, whose literary and musical works include chansons and jeux-partis (poetic debates) in the style of the trouveres, polyphonic rondel and motets in the style of early liturgical polyphony. • His musical play, ―Jeu de Robin et Marion‖ was considered the earliest surviving secular French play with music. • His works include: 1. Le Jeu de Robin et de Marion 2. La Chanson du roi de Sicile
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