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 Presenter:
AMARA EJAZ
Roll Number : 393
B.S. BOTANY
SEMESTER 6
Topic of Presentation :
Medicinal Plants of Pakistan
In this presentation I will describe about
some medicinal plants of Pakistan.
 Medicinal plants refer to using a plant’s seeds,
berries, roots, leaves, bark or flowers for
medicinal purposes.
 Example:
i. Tulsi
ii. Alove-vera
iii. Turmeric
 Medicinal plants are plants that have a
recognized medical use.
 Their use ranges the production of mainstream
pharmaceutical products to herbal medicine
preparations.
 Herbal medicine is one of the oldest forms of
medical treatment in human history and could
be considered one of the forerunners of the
modern pharmaceutical trade.
List of commonly used medicinal plants
 Allium sativum
 Allium cepa
 Azadirachta indica
 Aloe barbadensis;syn.A.vera
 Cassia fistula
 Carica papaya
 Cucurma longa
 Cymbopogon citratus
 Foeniculum vulgare
 Ocimum sanctum
 Papaver somniferum
 Ricinus communis
Trigonella foenum-graceum
 Zingiber officinalis
Scientific name :
Papaver somniferum
 Scientific classification :
 Order: Ranunculales
 Family: Papaveraceae
 Genus: Papaver
 Species: somniferum
 Binomial name: Papaver somniferum
Medicinal uses :
 Decongestant
 Narcotic
 Muscle relaxant
 Analgesic
 Relieves anxieties
 Use as a pain killer and in the treatment of spasms.
 Scientific classification :
 Order: Fabales
 Family: Fabaceae
 Genus: Cassia
 Species: fistula
 Binomial name: Cassia fistula
 Medicinal uses :
 anticarcinogenic activity
 antibacterial effect
 antifungal effect
 antidiabetic
 antirheumatic effect
TRIGONELLA FOENUM-GRACEUM
Scientific name :
 Scientific classification :
 order : Fabales
 Family: leguminosae
 genus : trigonella
 species : foenum-graceum
 Part of plant used: Dried seeds& leaves
 Common name: Fenugreek,methi
 Compounds: diosgenin,gitogenin,tigogenin
 Medicinal uses
 cholesterol lowering effect
 hypoglycemic effect[diabetes]
 respiratory diseases;bronchitis,influenza
 carminative
 diarrhea
Carica papaya
Scientific name :
 Scientific Classification :
 order : Caricales
 Family: Caricaceae
 common name: papaya or papeeta
 part of plant used: fruit, pulp,seeds,roots,leaves
 compounds:
enzymes;papain,chymopapain,peptidase
A&B,lysozyme
 Medicinal uses
 analgesic
 anti-inflammatory
 anticoagulant
 aids digestive system and used in treatment of
arthritis
 Green fruits of papaya are used to treat high
blood pressure, dyspepsia, constipation,
general debility,
Citrullus colocynthis
Scientific name :
 Order: Cucurbitales
 Family: Cucurbitaceous
 Genus: Citrullus
 Species: colocynthis
 Common name: khortumma
 Part of plant used: Roots&Fruits
 Medicinal uses
 anti diabetic
 anti oxidant effect
 anti cancer effect
 anti parasital effects
 Asthma
 Anti hepatic
Scientific name :
Azadirachta indica
 Scientific classification:
 Genus : Meliales
 Family: Meliaceae
 Genus : AZADIRACHTA
 Species : INDICA
 Common name: neem
 Part of plant used: Barks, leaves flowers
 Medicinal uses
 Antiseptic in skin diseases like scabies &
ring worm
 Blood purifier & Antidote
 Chronic fever
 Anti malaria & anti viral
 Hair dandruff
 Eye sight weakness
Scientific name :
Cucurma longa
 Scientific classification
 Order : Zingiberales
 Family : Zingiberaceae
 Genus : Cucurma
 Species : longa
 Common name : turmeric,haldi
 Part of plant used : Rhizome,root
 Medicinal uses of Curcuma longa (Turmeric)
 Anti –oxidant
 anti- arthritis
 anti- cancer
 antidiabetic effects
 As blood purifier
 Anti microbial
 Anti platelet
 A good digestive
Scientific name :
Allium sativum
 Scientific Classification :
 Order : Liliales
 Family: Liliaceae
 Genus : Allium
 Species : Sativum
 Part of plant used : bulbs
 Common name : garlic, lahsan
 Compound: ajoene;a sulphur containing
compound
 Medicinal uses
 Heart tonic
 Antifungal
 Anti parasitic
 Anti bacterial
 Anti diabetic
 Lipid &cholesterol lowering effect
 Antibiotics & Anti- HIV activities
 Remedy of hypertension
Scientific name
Aloe vera
 Scientific classification:
 Order : Liliales
 Family: Liliaceae
 Genus : Aloe
 Species: Vera
 Common name: ghee kuwar, kanwar gandal
 Part of plant used: extracted gel or gum of
leaves
 Compounds: anthraquinones,Salicylic acid
 Medicinal uses
 anti diabetic
 against hepatitis&joint pain
 rheumatism
 body weakness
 hair dandruff
 pimples or acne
 skin burns
Scientific name :
Ricinus communis
 Scientific classification
 Order : Euphorbiales
 Family: Euphorbiaceae
 Common name: Hernoli,arind,castor oil plant
 Part of plant used: seeds,leaves
 compounds: alkaloid ricinin,ricinoleate of
glycerol,ricineolic acid
 Use for Constipation
 Laxative activity
 stomach&bowel problems
 Remedy in pneumonia
 Hair tonic
 Improving eye sight
Cymbopogon citratus
 Scientific classification:
• Order : Poales
• Family: Poaceae
• Genus : Cymbopogon
• Species : Citratus
• Common name: lemon grass
• Part of plant used: whole plant
 Medicinal uses
 chronic fever
 used in treating cough
 depression, nervous disorders
 certain skin conditions, and acts as
antifungal, antibacterial and antiseptic.
 grass decoctions are taken for asthma
 digestive complaints
 headache, fevers, and to promote sweating.
Scientific name :
Foeniculum vulgare
 Scientific classification:
 Order : Umbelliferales
 Family: Umbelliferae
 Genus : Foeniculum
 Species : Vulgare
 Common name: saunf
 Part of plant used: seeds
 Medicinal uses
 abdominal discomfort
 constipation
Scientific name:
Cannabis sativa
 Scientific classification:
 Order: Cannabiales
 Family: Canabiaceae
 Genus: Cannabis
 Species : Sativa
 Common name: bhang,hemp
 Part of plant used: whole plant,dried
flower,fruit,resinous exudations
 Medicinal properties
 reduction of general body inflammation
 intoxication
 loss of appetite
 narcotic
 dysentery
 sedative
Ocimum sanctum
 Scientific classification:
 Order : Labiales
 Family: Labiatae
 Genus : Ocimum
 Specis: Sanctum
 Common name: Tulsi
 Part of plant used: Leaves
 Medicinal uses
 Diaphoretic in malarial fever
 Bronchits&gastric disorders
 Nausea&vomiting
 Ear ache&head ache
 Diaphoretic in malarial fever
Scientific name :
Zingiber officinale
 Scientific classification :
 Order : Zingiberales
 Family: Zingiberaceae
 Genus : Zingiber
 Species: Officinalis
 Common name: adrak
 Part of plant use: underground stem or
rhizome
 Antioxidant activity
 Antispasmodic
 Anticholesterolemic properties
 Treating nausea& vomiting
 Stomach upsts& diarrhea,ingestion
 Anti inflammatory so relieves in rheumatism
 Stimulates circulation
 Cold & flu
 They cost less
 They may have fewer side effects
 There is a choice on how to use them
 There are good for more than one reason
Conclusion
• The need of hour is that the plants having medicinal
value should be explore.
• Develop awareness among the community about
their medicinal uses& properties
• Fill the immense gap between the local traditional
knowledge&modern medical sciences.
Medicinal plants in pakistan

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Medicinal plants in pakistan

  • 1.
  • 2.  Presenter: AMARA EJAZ Roll Number : 393 B.S. BOTANY SEMESTER 6
  • 3. Topic of Presentation : Medicinal Plants of Pakistan In this presentation I will describe about some medicinal plants of Pakistan.
  • 4.
  • 5.  Medicinal plants refer to using a plant’s seeds, berries, roots, leaves, bark or flowers for medicinal purposes.  Example: i. Tulsi ii. Alove-vera iii. Turmeric
  • 6.  Medicinal plants are plants that have a recognized medical use.  Their use ranges the production of mainstream pharmaceutical products to herbal medicine preparations.  Herbal medicine is one of the oldest forms of medical treatment in human history and could be considered one of the forerunners of the modern pharmaceutical trade.
  • 7. List of commonly used medicinal plants  Allium sativum  Allium cepa  Azadirachta indica  Aloe barbadensis;syn.A.vera  Cassia fistula  Carica papaya  Cucurma longa
  • 8.  Cymbopogon citratus  Foeniculum vulgare  Ocimum sanctum  Papaver somniferum  Ricinus communis Trigonella foenum-graceum  Zingiber officinalis
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 13.  Scientific classification :  Order: Ranunculales  Family: Papaveraceae  Genus: Papaver  Species: somniferum  Binomial name: Papaver somniferum
  • 14. Medicinal uses :  Decongestant  Narcotic  Muscle relaxant  Analgesic  Relieves anxieties  Use as a pain killer and in the treatment of spasms.
  • 15.
  • 16.  Scientific classification :  Order: Fabales  Family: Fabaceae  Genus: Cassia  Species: fistula  Binomial name: Cassia fistula
  • 17.  Medicinal uses :  anticarcinogenic activity  antibacterial effect  antifungal effect  antidiabetic  antirheumatic effect
  • 19.  Scientific classification :  order : Fabales  Family: leguminosae  genus : trigonella  species : foenum-graceum  Part of plant used: Dried seeds& leaves  Common name: Fenugreek,methi  Compounds: diosgenin,gitogenin,tigogenin
  • 20.  Medicinal uses  cholesterol lowering effect  hypoglycemic effect[diabetes]  respiratory diseases;bronchitis,influenza  carminative  diarrhea
  • 22.  Scientific Classification :  order : Caricales  Family: Caricaceae  common name: papaya or papeeta  part of plant used: fruit, pulp,seeds,roots,leaves  compounds: enzymes;papain,chymopapain,peptidase A&B,lysozyme
  • 23.  Medicinal uses  analgesic  anti-inflammatory  anticoagulant  aids digestive system and used in treatment of arthritis  Green fruits of papaya are used to treat high blood pressure, dyspepsia, constipation, general debility,
  • 25.  Order: Cucurbitales  Family: Cucurbitaceous  Genus: Citrullus  Species: colocynthis  Common name: khortumma  Part of plant used: Roots&Fruits
  • 26.  Medicinal uses  anti diabetic  anti oxidant effect  anti cancer effect  anti parasital effects  Asthma  Anti hepatic
  • 28.  Scientific classification:  Genus : Meliales  Family: Meliaceae  Genus : AZADIRACHTA  Species : INDICA  Common name: neem  Part of plant used: Barks, leaves flowers
  • 29.  Medicinal uses  Antiseptic in skin diseases like scabies & ring worm  Blood purifier & Antidote  Chronic fever  Anti malaria & anti viral  Hair dandruff  Eye sight weakness
  • 31.  Scientific classification  Order : Zingiberales  Family : Zingiberaceae  Genus : Cucurma  Species : longa  Common name : turmeric,haldi  Part of plant used : Rhizome,root
  • 32.  Medicinal uses of Curcuma longa (Turmeric)  Anti –oxidant  anti- arthritis  anti- cancer  antidiabetic effects  As blood purifier  Anti microbial  Anti platelet  A good digestive
  • 34.  Scientific Classification :  Order : Liliales  Family: Liliaceae  Genus : Allium  Species : Sativum  Part of plant used : bulbs  Common name : garlic, lahsan  Compound: ajoene;a sulphur containing compound
  • 35.  Medicinal uses  Heart tonic  Antifungal  Anti parasitic  Anti bacterial  Anti diabetic  Lipid &cholesterol lowering effect  Antibiotics & Anti- HIV activities  Remedy of hypertension
  • 37.  Scientific classification:  Order : Liliales  Family: Liliaceae  Genus : Aloe  Species: Vera  Common name: ghee kuwar, kanwar gandal  Part of plant used: extracted gel or gum of leaves  Compounds: anthraquinones,Salicylic acid
  • 38.  Medicinal uses  anti diabetic  against hepatitis&joint pain  rheumatism  body weakness  hair dandruff  pimples or acne  skin burns
  • 40.  Scientific classification  Order : Euphorbiales  Family: Euphorbiaceae  Common name: Hernoli,arind,castor oil plant  Part of plant used: seeds,leaves  compounds: alkaloid ricinin,ricinoleate of glycerol,ricineolic acid
  • 41.  Use for Constipation  Laxative activity  stomach&bowel problems  Remedy in pneumonia  Hair tonic  Improving eye sight
  • 43.  Scientific classification: • Order : Poales • Family: Poaceae • Genus : Cymbopogon • Species : Citratus • Common name: lemon grass • Part of plant used: whole plant
  • 44.  Medicinal uses  chronic fever  used in treating cough  depression, nervous disorders  certain skin conditions, and acts as antifungal, antibacterial and antiseptic.  grass decoctions are taken for asthma  digestive complaints  headache, fevers, and to promote sweating.
  • 46.  Scientific classification:  Order : Umbelliferales  Family: Umbelliferae  Genus : Foeniculum  Species : Vulgare  Common name: saunf  Part of plant used: seeds
  • 47.  Medicinal uses  abdominal discomfort  constipation
  • 49.  Scientific classification:  Order: Cannabiales  Family: Canabiaceae  Genus: Cannabis  Species : Sativa  Common name: bhang,hemp  Part of plant used: whole plant,dried flower,fruit,resinous exudations
  • 50.  Medicinal properties  reduction of general body inflammation  intoxication  loss of appetite  narcotic  dysentery  sedative
  • 52.  Scientific classification:  Order : Labiales  Family: Labiatae  Genus : Ocimum  Specis: Sanctum  Common name: Tulsi  Part of plant used: Leaves
  • 53.  Medicinal uses  Diaphoretic in malarial fever  Bronchits&gastric disorders  Nausea&vomiting  Ear ache&head ache  Diaphoretic in malarial fever
  • 55.  Scientific classification :  Order : Zingiberales  Family: Zingiberaceae  Genus : Zingiber  Species: Officinalis  Common name: adrak  Part of plant use: underground stem or rhizome
  • 56.  Antioxidant activity  Antispasmodic  Anticholesterolemic properties  Treating nausea& vomiting  Stomach upsts& diarrhea,ingestion  Anti inflammatory so relieves in rheumatism  Stimulates circulation  Cold & flu
  • 57.  They cost less  They may have fewer side effects  There is a choice on how to use them  There are good for more than one reason
  • 58. Conclusion • The need of hour is that the plants having medicinal value should be explore. • Develop awareness among the community about their medicinal uses& properties • Fill the immense gap between the local traditional knowledge&modern medical sciences.