SlideShare a Scribd company logo
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June 2024
Robbie Mitchell
mitchell@isoc.org
Measuring the Health and Resilience of
the Internet: Malaysia
• Launched December 2020.
• We curate Internet measurement data from trusted
sources to help everyone gain deeper, data-driven
insight into the Internet.
Trusted data from multiple sources:
• Benefit: Helps to assess whether efforts to ensure
that the Internet remains open, globally connected,
secure, and trustworthy are working.
• Benefit: Allows policymakers, researchers,
journalists, network operators, civil society groups,
and others to better understand the health,
availability, and evolution of the Internet.
pulse.internetsociety.org
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3
Pulse Data Partners
• Data is provided by our trusted data partners
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4
Shutdowns: Where do Internet Shutdowns take place and what is the
economic cost?
Technologies: What is the state of deployment of technologies critical for the
evolution of the Internet?
Concentration: How much are services concentrated in the hands of a few?
Resilience: How robust is the Internet ecosystem?
Pulse tracks
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5
Shutdowns: Where do Internet Shutdowns take place and what is the economic
cost?
Technologies: What is the state of deployment of technologies critical for the
evolution of the Internet?
Concentration: How much are services concentrated in the hands of a few?
Resilience: How robust is the Internet ecosystem?
Country Reports: Consolidate and illustrate critical Internet health metrics
What I’ll cover today
6
Technologies
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7
Technologies Globally
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8
Technologies Malaysia
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9
IPv6 Adoption in SE Asia
Avg IPv6
Adoption
= 29%
🥇
10
Resilience
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11
The framework collates around 30 sets of public metric data that relate to four pillars of a
resilient Internet:
.
The Internet Resiliency Index (IRI)
Methodology: https://pulse.internetsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/07/Internet-Society-Pulse-IRI-
Methodology-July-2023-v2.0-Final-EN.pdf
Infrastructure
The existence and
availability of
physical
infrastructure that
provides Internet
connectivity.
Performance
The ability of the
network to provide
end-users with
seamless and
reliable access to
Internet services.
Security
The ability of the
network to resist
intentional or
unintentional
disruptions through
the adoption of
security
technologies and
best practices.
Market Readiness
The ability of the
market to self-
regulate and
provide affordable
prices to
end-users by
maintaining a
diverse and
competitive market.
pulse.internetsociety.org/resilience
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12
Overall Internet Resilience — By Region
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Overall Internet Resilience — Asia
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Overall Internet Resilience — South East Asia
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Malaysia– Internet Resilience Index
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Growth of IXPs in SE Asia, 2018-23
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17
Number of Data Centers, 2023
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Overall Internet Resilience — South East Asia
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Security Resilience — South East Asia
_ +6 +7 -2 -1 -1
-1 +1 -2 +1 -8
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The Internet Resiliency Index — Security
Infrastructure
Performance
Security
Market Readiness
Routing hygiene
DNSSEC
Enabling
technologies
Security Threat
Secure web traffic (Webpage loads using HTTPS. Source Mozilla
IPv6 adoption. Source APNIC Labs
DNSSEC adoption, i.e., is ccTLD signed. Source: ICANN
DNSSEC validation, i.e., Users validating DNSSEC.
Source: APNIC Labs
MANRS score.. Source: MANRS
Upstream redundancy i.e., Avg # of upstream providers.
Source: CAIDA
DDoS Protection.. Source: Cybergreen
Global cybersecurity index score.
Source: ITU
Secure Internet Servers
Source: World Bank
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Enabling Technologies
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22
Enabling Technologies
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23
DNSSEC
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DNSSEC
Avg DNSSEC
Validation
= 35.6%
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25
Routing Hygiene
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Routing Hygiene
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Security Threats
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28
Security Threats
29
Country Reports
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30
Open Internet Environment
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31
Open Internet Environment
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32
Retail and Transit Provider Diversity
63 62
53
28
26
22 21
18
16
14 13 12 11 11 11 11 11
9 9 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6
AS4788
AS9930
AS6939
AS45352
AS38182
AS35280
AS24514
AS9304
AS2914
AS24482
AS37468
AS9534
AS135607
AS15802
AS41095
AS55850
AS9498
AS174
AS56111
AS132337
AS24115
AS3491
AS58453
AS6453
AS6762
AS8966
AS1239
AS38008
AS4635
AS4657
AS4826
AS9002
Neighboring ASNs in Malaysia
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Globally Connected Infrastructure
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Globally Connected Infrastructure
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35
50/50 Vision - Working together to keep half of all traffic local
1896
682
393
271
193
137 137 121 116 105 102 88 82 62 58 50 46 44 43 42 41 40 36 35 34 30 30 30 29 28 23
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
CLO
UDFLAREN
ET, US
AM
AZO
N-02, US
ExaBytes Netw
ork
Sdn.Bhd., M
Y
GO
OGLE, US
TTSSB-M
Y
TM
TECHN
OLOG
Y
SERVICES
SDN. BHD., M
Y
FASTLY, US
AKAM
AI-ASN
1, NL
IP
ServerOne
Solutions Sdn
Bhd, M
Y
Gigabit Hosting
Sdn
Bhd,M
Y
M
ICROSO
FT-CO
RP-M
SN, US
DIGITALOCEAN
-ASN, US
Shinjiru
Technology
Sdn
Bhd, M
Y
INCAPSULA
,US
TTN
ET-M
Y
TIM
E
dotCom
M
alaysia, M
Y
W
IX_CO
M
, IL
CSC,US
Serverfreak
Technologies Sdn
Bhd, M
Y
M
AM
PU, M
Y
AS-HO
STIN
GER, CY
Extrem
e
Broadband,M
Y
AS-CHOO
PA, US
SKSA
TECHN
OLOG
Y
SD
N
BHD
,M
Y
AlibabaUS
Technology
Co., Ltd., CN
GITN
M
Sdn. Bhd., M
Y
OVH, FR
AIM
S
Data
Centre
Sdn
Bhd,M
Y
Bigband
Sdn
Bhd,M
Y
iCore
Technology
Sdn
Bhd,M
Y
CV. Rum
ahw
eb
Indonesia, ID
Global Transit Com
m
unications - M
alaysia, M
Y
GB
Netw
ork
Solutions
Sdn. Bhd., M
Y
Domain Count [Total 5816]
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36
Analysis coming
Peering in Malaysia
Source: https://rex.apnic.net/as-interconnections
Malaysia Visible IPv4
Interconnections
236 interconnections
among
238 Autonomous
Systems
Thailand Visible IPv4
Interconnections
272 interconnections
among
402 Autonomous
Systems
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37
Analysis coming
Peering in Malaysia
Source: https://rex.apnic.net/as-interconnections
Malaysia Visible IPv4
Interconnections
236 interconnections
among
238 Autonomous
Systems
Singapore Visible IPv4
Interconnections
588 interconnections
among
433 Autonomous
Systems
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38
Analysis coming
Peering in Malaysia
Source: https://rex.apnic.net/as-interconnections
Malaysia Visible IPv4
Interconnections
236 interconnections
among
238 Autonomous
Systems
Australia Visible IPv4
Interconnections
1843 interconnections
among
1660 Autonomous
Systems
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39
Secure and Trustworthy Internet
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40
Secure and Trustworthy Internet
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Secure and Trustworthy Internet
42
Limitations
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43
• The data is pulled from external public sources, not always up-to-date.
• An indicator is not included if data is missing on more than 25% of countries in the Index.
• Without in-country measurements, it’s difficult to validate the data.
• RIPE Atlas and OONI are doing great work in this area, but more is needed.
• Some of the data undergoes processing, normalization, and weighing, we use a
methodology that is reproducible.
• You can see raw numbers via API. Email us for access pulse@isoc.org
• Ultimately, the Index benchmarks countries with one another and helps decision
makers recognize gaps and weaknesses to conduct further study into validating these
and work towards addressing them.
Limitations
44
We all have a role to play
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45
• Understanding what’s happening upstream and beyond your borders is equally
important as knowing your network’s health.
• Having an insightful national measurement system in place improves the resolution
of the health of the edge.
• Your network's health and the health of the whole of Asia Pacific's Internet are
interconnected. We all have a role to play to make sure it is robust and secure.
Take aways
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46
• Suggested areas to improve resilience include:
• Improved localized peering infrastructure and promoting localized content
(ccTLD)
• Greater transit provider diversity
• Improved security resilience, particularly HTTPS and DNSSEC validation and to a
lesser extent DDoS protection
Take aways
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47
Subscribe, Review, Contribute
Subscribe to the Pulse
newsletter
Review the Pulse IRI
methodology
Contribute to Pulse
pulse@isoc.org
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Robbie Mitchell
mitchell@isoc.org
Thank you

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MEASURING THE HEALTH AND RESILIENCE OF THE INTERNET: MALAYSIA

  • 1. Orange Restricted June 2024 Robbie Mitchell mitchell@isoc.org Measuring the Health and Resilience of the Internet: Malaysia
  • 2. • Launched December 2020. • We curate Internet measurement data from trusted sources to help everyone gain deeper, data-driven insight into the Internet. Trusted data from multiple sources: • Benefit: Helps to assess whether efforts to ensure that the Internet remains open, globally connected, secure, and trustworthy are working. • Benefit: Allows policymakers, researchers, journalists, network operators, civil society groups, and others to better understand the health, availability, and evolution of the Internet. pulse.internetsociety.org
  • 3. Orange Restricted 3 Pulse Data Partners • Data is provided by our trusted data partners
  • 4. Orange Restricted 4 Shutdowns: Where do Internet Shutdowns take place and what is the economic cost? Technologies: What is the state of deployment of technologies critical for the evolution of the Internet? Concentration: How much are services concentrated in the hands of a few? Resilience: How robust is the Internet ecosystem? Pulse tracks
  • 5. Orange Restricted 5 Shutdowns: Where do Internet Shutdowns take place and what is the economic cost? Technologies: What is the state of deployment of technologies critical for the evolution of the Internet? Concentration: How much are services concentrated in the hands of a few? Resilience: How robust is the Internet ecosystem? Country Reports: Consolidate and illustrate critical Internet health metrics What I’ll cover today
  • 9. Orange Restricted 9 IPv6 Adoption in SE Asia Avg IPv6 Adoption = 29% 🥇
  • 11. Orange Restricted 11 The framework collates around 30 sets of public metric data that relate to four pillars of a resilient Internet: . The Internet Resiliency Index (IRI) Methodology: https://pulse.internetsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/07/Internet-Society-Pulse-IRI- Methodology-July-2023-v2.0-Final-EN.pdf Infrastructure The existence and availability of physical infrastructure that provides Internet connectivity. Performance The ability of the network to provide end-users with seamless and reliable access to Internet services. Security The ability of the network to resist intentional or unintentional disruptions through the adoption of security technologies and best practices. Market Readiness The ability of the market to self- regulate and provide affordable prices to end-users by maintaining a diverse and competitive market. pulse.internetsociety.org/resilience
  • 12. Orange Restricted 12 Overall Internet Resilience — By Region
  • 14. Orange Restricted 14 Overall Internet Resilience — South East Asia
  • 16. Orange Restricted 16 Growth of IXPs in SE Asia, 2018-23
  • 17. Orange Restricted 17 Number of Data Centers, 2023
  • 18. Orange Restricted 18 Overall Internet Resilience — South East Asia
  • 19. Orange Restricted 19 Security Resilience — South East Asia _ +6 +7 -2 -1 -1 -1 +1 -2 +1 -8
  • 20. Orange Restricted 20 The Internet Resiliency Index — Security Infrastructure Performance Security Market Readiness Routing hygiene DNSSEC Enabling technologies Security Threat Secure web traffic (Webpage loads using HTTPS. Source Mozilla IPv6 adoption. Source APNIC Labs DNSSEC adoption, i.e., is ccTLD signed. Source: ICANN DNSSEC validation, i.e., Users validating DNSSEC. Source: APNIC Labs MANRS score.. Source: MANRS Upstream redundancy i.e., Avg # of upstream providers. Source: CAIDA DDoS Protection.. Source: Cybergreen Global cybersecurity index score. Source: ITU Secure Internet Servers Source: World Bank
  • 32. Orange Restricted 32 Retail and Transit Provider Diversity 63 62 53 28 26 22 21 18 16 14 13 12 11 11 11 11 11 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 AS4788 AS9930 AS6939 AS45352 AS38182 AS35280 AS24514 AS9304 AS2914 AS24482 AS37468 AS9534 AS135607 AS15802 AS41095 AS55850 AS9498 AS174 AS56111 AS132337 AS24115 AS3491 AS58453 AS6453 AS6762 AS8966 AS1239 AS38008 AS4635 AS4657 AS4826 AS9002 Neighboring ASNs in Malaysia
  • 35. Orange Restricted 35 50/50 Vision - Working together to keep half of all traffic local 1896 682 393 271 193 137 137 121 116 105 102 88 82 62 58 50 46 44 43 42 41 40 36 35 34 30 30 30 29 28 23 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 CLO UDFLAREN ET, US AM AZO N-02, US ExaBytes Netw ork Sdn.Bhd., M Y GO OGLE, US TTSSB-M Y TM TECHN OLOG Y SERVICES SDN. BHD., M Y FASTLY, US AKAM AI-ASN 1, NL IP ServerOne Solutions Sdn Bhd, M Y Gigabit Hosting Sdn Bhd,M Y M ICROSO FT-CO RP-M SN, US DIGITALOCEAN -ASN, US Shinjiru Technology Sdn Bhd, M Y INCAPSULA ,US TTN ET-M Y TIM E dotCom M alaysia, M Y W IX_CO M , IL CSC,US Serverfreak Technologies Sdn Bhd, M Y M AM PU, M Y AS-HO STIN GER, CY Extrem e Broadband,M Y AS-CHOO PA, US SKSA TECHN OLOG Y SD N BHD ,M Y AlibabaUS Technology Co., Ltd., CN GITN M Sdn. Bhd., M Y OVH, FR AIM S Data Centre Sdn Bhd,M Y Bigband Sdn Bhd,M Y iCore Technology Sdn Bhd,M Y CV. Rum ahw eb Indonesia, ID Global Transit Com m unications - M alaysia, M Y GB Netw ork Solutions Sdn. Bhd., M Y Domain Count [Total 5816]
  • 36. Orange Restricted 36 Analysis coming Peering in Malaysia Source: https://rex.apnic.net/as-interconnections Malaysia Visible IPv4 Interconnections 236 interconnections among 238 Autonomous Systems Thailand Visible IPv4 Interconnections 272 interconnections among 402 Autonomous Systems
  • 37. Orange Restricted 37 Analysis coming Peering in Malaysia Source: https://rex.apnic.net/as-interconnections Malaysia Visible IPv4 Interconnections 236 interconnections among 238 Autonomous Systems Singapore Visible IPv4 Interconnections 588 interconnections among 433 Autonomous Systems
  • 38. Orange Restricted 38 Analysis coming Peering in Malaysia Source: https://rex.apnic.net/as-interconnections Malaysia Visible IPv4 Interconnections 236 interconnections among 238 Autonomous Systems Australia Visible IPv4 Interconnections 1843 interconnections among 1660 Autonomous Systems
  • 39. Orange Restricted 39 Secure and Trustworthy Internet
  • 40. Orange Restricted 40 Secure and Trustworthy Internet
  • 41. Orange Restricted 41 Secure and Trustworthy Internet
  • 43. Orange Restricted 43 • The data is pulled from external public sources, not always up-to-date. • An indicator is not included if data is missing on more than 25% of countries in the Index. • Without in-country measurements, it’s difficult to validate the data. • RIPE Atlas and OONI are doing great work in this area, but more is needed. • Some of the data undergoes processing, normalization, and weighing, we use a methodology that is reproducible. • You can see raw numbers via API. Email us for access pulse@isoc.org • Ultimately, the Index benchmarks countries with one another and helps decision makers recognize gaps and weaknesses to conduct further study into validating these and work towards addressing them. Limitations
  • 44. 44 We all have a role to play
  • 45. Orange Restricted 45 • Understanding what’s happening upstream and beyond your borders is equally important as knowing your network’s health. • Having an insightful national measurement system in place improves the resolution of the health of the edge. • Your network's health and the health of the whole of Asia Pacific's Internet are interconnected. We all have a role to play to make sure it is robust and secure. Take aways
  • 46. Orange Restricted 46 • Suggested areas to improve resilience include: • Improved localized peering infrastructure and promoting localized content (ccTLD) • Greater transit provider diversity • Improved security resilience, particularly HTTPS and DNSSEC validation and to a lesser extent DDoS protection Take aways
  • 47. Orange Restricted 47 Subscribe, Review, Contribute Subscribe to the Pulse newsletter Review the Pulse IRI methodology Contribute to Pulse pulse@isoc.org