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MEASLES
(COMMUNITY MEDICINE)
SUBMITTED TO- SUBMITTED BY-
Mrs. Surabhi SrivastavaMa’am Enosh Paul Chandra
Assistant Professor. ID.NO.- 21BPHY027
DEPARTMENTOf Physiotherapy BPT- 3rd YEAR
SHUATS
MEASLES
OBJECTIVES
• What are MEASLES?
• Symptoms
• Which Virus causes MEASLES?
• Measles is spread by?
• Complications, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention.
• Vaccines.
• Epidemiology of Measles
WHAT ARE MEASLES?
A contagious viral infection that can be
serious for small children but is easily
preventable by a vaccine.
The disease spreads through the air by
respiratory droplets produced from
coughing or sneezing by the infected
person.
• Measles is a very contagious disease that causes fever, a red rash, cough and
watery eyes. It can have serious complications in some people. Getting the
measles vaccine is the best way to prevent getting and spreading measles
• Measles is also called rubeola, 10-day measles or red measles
• Rare
• Fewer than 1 million cases per year (India)
• Preventable by vaccine
SYMPTOMS
What are the symptoms of measles?
• Symptoms typically develop about eight to 12 days after you’re exposed to someone wit
measles. But there have been times that it takes up to 21 days to develop symptoms after
exposure.
• The most common measles symptoms include
• A high fever.
• Tiredness.
• A barky cough.
• Red or bloodshot eyes.
• A runny nose.
• A few days after these symptoms begin, you’ll develop a red, blotchy rash that spreads from
face to the rest of your body. The rash itself lasts about seven to 10 days.
• Other measles symptoms may include:
• A sore throat.
• White spots in your mouth.
• Muscle pain.
• Sensitivity to light.
WHICH VIRUS CAUSES MEASLES?
• An extremely contagious virus called
morbillivirus causes measles.
• It’s an airborne disease, which
spreads through the air when an
infected person breathes, coughs,
sneezes or talks.
MEASLES IS SPREAD BY
- Sharing drinks or food withsomeone withmeasles.
- Kissing someone whohas measles.
- Shakinghands, holdinghands or hugging someone withmeasles
- Touchinga surface containing the virus and then touchingyourmouth, nose or eyes.
- From pregnant people to theirbabies —eitherduring the pregnancy, delivery or while nursing.
COMPLICATIONS
• What are the complications of measles?
• There are many complications associated with measles, and some can be very serious.
Some people are more likely to experience complications, including:
. Infants and toddlers.
. Pregnant people.
. Adults 20 or older.
• People with weakened immune systems (immunocompromised).
• Complications of measles include:
• Diarrhea.
• Ear infections.
• Pneumonia.
• Encephalitis.
• Pregnancy complications like low birth weight or
birth (in people who have measles during pregnancy).
• Before widespread immunization, about 400 to 500
died each year from measles.
DIAGNOSIS
• How is measles diagnosed?
• A healthcare provider will usually be able to diagnose
measles with a good history and physical exam and
looking at the rash. However, they may order laboratory
tests to find the virus in samples of:
• Blood.
• Secretions from your nose and throat.
• Urine (pee).
TREATMENT
How is measles treated?
•. There’s no cure for measles. The virus must run its course, which
usually takes about 10 to 14 days.
•. You can manage your symptoms by:
•. Taking acetaminophen or NSAIDs for aches, pains or fever.
•. Getting plenty of rest.
•. Drinking lots of fluids.
• Gargling with salt water.
• Avoiding harsh light if your eyes hurt.
• You should stay home from work or keep your child home from school to prevent spreading
measles to others. You’re usually able to return to your normal activities after you’ve had the
rash for four days. People in your household who aren’t vaccinated are at risk of getting
measles and should stay away from the infected person.
• Note: Never give aspirin to children or teenagers unless your healthcare provider
specifically tells you to because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.
PREVENTION
• Can you prevent measles?
• Yes, vaccination is the best way to prevent
measles.
• If you receive a measles vaccine, you’re
immune and unlikely ever to get the virus.
• The measles vaccine is extremely effective at
preventing measles.
VACCINES
• There are two types of vaccines (given as
shots) that protect against measles:
• Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)
vaccine.
• Measles, mumps, rubella, varicella
(MMRV) vaccine. (The varicella part of the
vaccine is the chickenpox vaccine.)
WHEN SHOULD PEOPLE BE VACCINATED FOR MEASLES?
• It’s best to receive the vaccine as a child as part of your regular
immunization schedule.
• But receiving the vaccine at any age is better than not receiving it at all.
• Most people receive the vaccine as t you can also receive it as an adult
MMR vaccine
• Healthcare providers recommend two doses of the MMR
vaccine for children.
• The first shot is given when children are around 12 to 15
old. They usually need the second dose when they’re 4 or 5
old.
• If your child hasn’t been immunized, measles can still be
by receiving the vaccine within three days of exposure to the
MMRV vaccine
- This vaccine combines the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine with the
chickenpox (varicella) vaccine.
- It’s only available for children ages 12 months to 12 years of age. (Anyone
than 13 gets the MMR vaccine.)
- Your child should get one shot between 12 and 15 months.
- Your child should get the second shot around age 4 or 5.
However, the second shot can also be given three months after the first shot.
*. Talk to your child’s healthcare provider about the best timing for your child.
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF MEASLES
• Measles kills more children than any other vaccine-preventable disease. Before
the widespread use of vaccine, 90% of children had contracted measles by the
age of 10 years. An effective vaccine has been available since the 1960s, and all
countries offer measles-containing vaccine (MCV) in their immunization
programmes.
• Measles is highly transmissible; almost all non-immune children contract
measles if exposed to infection. Poorly nourished children and those whose
immune systems have been weakened by HIV/AIDS or other diseases are
severely at high risk of developing measles complication and death.
• Measles occurs worldwide and it is still a significant cause
of childhood morbidity and mortality despite the existence
of effective vaccine.
• Measles infection has its greatest incidence in children
below 2 years of age in the developing countries.
THANK YOU

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Measles Department of Physiotherapy, SHUATS, Prayagraj

  • 1. MEASLES (COMMUNITY MEDICINE) SUBMITTED TO- SUBMITTED BY- Mrs. Surabhi SrivastavaMa’am Enosh Paul Chandra Assistant Professor. ID.NO.- 21BPHY027 DEPARTMENTOf Physiotherapy BPT- 3rd YEAR SHUATS
  • 3. OBJECTIVES • What are MEASLES? • Symptoms • Which Virus causes MEASLES? • Measles is spread by? • Complications, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention. • Vaccines. • Epidemiology of Measles
  • 4. WHAT ARE MEASLES? A contagious viral infection that can be serious for small children but is easily preventable by a vaccine. The disease spreads through the air by respiratory droplets produced from coughing or sneezing by the infected person.
  • 5. • Measles is a very contagious disease that causes fever, a red rash, cough and watery eyes. It can have serious complications in some people. Getting the measles vaccine is the best way to prevent getting and spreading measles • Measles is also called rubeola, 10-day measles or red measles • Rare • Fewer than 1 million cases per year (India) • Preventable by vaccine
  • 6. SYMPTOMS What are the symptoms of measles? • Symptoms typically develop about eight to 12 days after you’re exposed to someone wit measles. But there have been times that it takes up to 21 days to develop symptoms after exposure.
  • 7. • The most common measles symptoms include • A high fever. • Tiredness. • A barky cough. • Red or bloodshot eyes. • A runny nose. • A few days after these symptoms begin, you’ll develop a red, blotchy rash that spreads from face to the rest of your body. The rash itself lasts about seven to 10 days.
  • 8. • Other measles symptoms may include: • A sore throat. • White spots in your mouth. • Muscle pain. • Sensitivity to light.
  • 9. WHICH VIRUS CAUSES MEASLES? • An extremely contagious virus called morbillivirus causes measles. • It’s an airborne disease, which spreads through the air when an infected person breathes, coughs, sneezes or talks.
  • 10. MEASLES IS SPREAD BY - Sharing drinks or food withsomeone withmeasles. - Kissing someone whohas measles. - Shakinghands, holdinghands or hugging someone withmeasles - Touchinga surface containing the virus and then touchingyourmouth, nose or eyes. - From pregnant people to theirbabies —eitherduring the pregnancy, delivery or while nursing.
  • 11. COMPLICATIONS • What are the complications of measles? • There are many complications associated with measles, and some can be very serious. Some people are more likely to experience complications, including: . Infants and toddlers. . Pregnant people. . Adults 20 or older. • People with weakened immune systems (immunocompromised).
  • 12. • Complications of measles include: • Diarrhea. • Ear infections. • Pneumonia. • Encephalitis. • Pregnancy complications like low birth weight or birth (in people who have measles during pregnancy). • Before widespread immunization, about 400 to 500 died each year from measles.
  • 13. DIAGNOSIS • How is measles diagnosed? • A healthcare provider will usually be able to diagnose measles with a good history and physical exam and looking at the rash. However, they may order laboratory tests to find the virus in samples of: • Blood. • Secretions from your nose and throat. • Urine (pee).
  • 14. TREATMENT How is measles treated? •. There’s no cure for measles. The virus must run its course, which usually takes about 10 to 14 days. •. You can manage your symptoms by: •. Taking acetaminophen or NSAIDs for aches, pains or fever. •. Getting plenty of rest. •. Drinking lots of fluids.
  • 15. • Gargling with salt water. • Avoiding harsh light if your eyes hurt. • You should stay home from work or keep your child home from school to prevent spreading measles to others. You’re usually able to return to your normal activities after you’ve had the rash for four days. People in your household who aren’t vaccinated are at risk of getting measles and should stay away from the infected person. • Note: Never give aspirin to children or teenagers unless your healthcare provider specifically tells you to because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.
  • 16. PREVENTION • Can you prevent measles? • Yes, vaccination is the best way to prevent measles. • If you receive a measles vaccine, you’re immune and unlikely ever to get the virus. • The measles vaccine is extremely effective at preventing measles.
  • 17. VACCINES • There are two types of vaccines (given as shots) that protect against measles: • Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine. • Measles, mumps, rubella, varicella (MMRV) vaccine. (The varicella part of the vaccine is the chickenpox vaccine.)
  • 18. WHEN SHOULD PEOPLE BE VACCINATED FOR MEASLES? • It’s best to receive the vaccine as a child as part of your regular immunization schedule. • But receiving the vaccine at any age is better than not receiving it at all. • Most people receive the vaccine as t you can also receive it as an adult
  • 19. MMR vaccine • Healthcare providers recommend two doses of the MMR vaccine for children. • The first shot is given when children are around 12 to 15 old. They usually need the second dose when they’re 4 or 5 old. • If your child hasn’t been immunized, measles can still be by receiving the vaccine within three days of exposure to the
  • 20. MMRV vaccine - This vaccine combines the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine with the chickenpox (varicella) vaccine. - It’s only available for children ages 12 months to 12 years of age. (Anyone than 13 gets the MMR vaccine.) - Your child should get one shot between 12 and 15 months. - Your child should get the second shot around age 4 or 5. However, the second shot can also be given three months after the first shot. *. Talk to your child’s healthcare provider about the best timing for your child.
  • 21. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF MEASLES • Measles kills more children than any other vaccine-preventable disease. Before the widespread use of vaccine, 90% of children had contracted measles by the age of 10 years. An effective vaccine has been available since the 1960s, and all countries offer measles-containing vaccine (MCV) in their immunization programmes. • Measles is highly transmissible; almost all non-immune children contract measles if exposed to infection. Poorly nourished children and those whose immune systems have been weakened by HIV/AIDS or other diseases are severely at high risk of developing measles complication and death.
  • 22. • Measles occurs worldwide and it is still a significant cause of childhood morbidity and mortality despite the existence of effective vaccine. • Measles infection has its greatest incidence in children below 2 years of age in the developing countries.