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Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances
with planets
E.A. Smirnov
Pulkovo Observatory, St.-Petersburg, Russia
September 25, 2016
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
An essential role in the asteroidal dynamics is played by the
mean motion resonances.
Two-body planet-asteroid resonances are widely known, due
to the Kirkwood gaps.
Besides, there are so-called three-body resonances.
In the latter case the resonance represents a commensurability
between the mean frequencies of the orbital motions of an
asteroid and two planets (e.g. Jupiter and Saturn):
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Three-body resonances are the linear combination of the mean
frequences of the orbital motion of two planets and an asteroid:
mP1
˙
λP1 + mP2
˙
λP2 + mλ̇ ≈ 0,
where ˙
λP1, ˙
λP2, λ̇ — derivatives of mean longitudes first and
second planet and an asteroid respectively and mP1, mP2, m — are
integers.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
The three-body mean motion resonances seem to
be the main actors structuring the dynamics in the
main asteroid belt.
Nesvorny, Morbidelli, ApJ 116 (1998)
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Resonant argument
To identify the resonance a special parameter called “resonant
argument” is introduced. It is linear combination of the mean
longitudes and the longitudes of periapsis. In planar problem it is
defined by the following formula:
σ = mP1λP1 + mP2λP2 + mλ + pP1$P1 + pP2$P2 + p$,
where λP1, λP2, λ, $P1, $P2, $ — mean longitudes and
longitudes of periapsis of two planets and an asteroid respectively
and mP1, mP2, m, pP1, pP2, p — are integers followed by
D’Alembert rule (see Morbidelli, 2002):
mP1 + mP1 + m + pP1 + pP2 + p = 0.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Order of the resonance
One more important variable is the resonant order.
Width of the resonance, corresponding number of
sub-resonances depend on this parameter (Nesvorny,
Morbidelli, ApJ, 1998).
The resonant order is given by formula:
q = |mP1 + mP2 + m|.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Stage 1
Identification matrix
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Identification matrix
It consists of two primary columns.
The first one contains designations of the resonance.
The second one contains the corresponding resonant values of
the semimajor axis.
Table: An extract from the identification matrix
Resonance ares (AU)
5J − 2S − 2 3.1746
4J − 6U − 1 2.4189
4E − 7M − 1 2.3641
3V − 6E − 1 2.3850
1M − 3J − 1 2.3464
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Stage 2
Dynamical identification
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Dynamical identification
First of all, each asteroid’s orbit from the adopted set of
≈ 460000 objects (thanks to AstDyS) is computed for 105 yr
(thanks to mercury6 and orbit9). The perturbations from all
planets (from Mercury to Neptune) and Pluto are taken into
account.
For each asteroid we find possible set of three-body
resonances and calculated related resonant arguments.
Each argument is then analyzed automatically on the presence
of libration/circulation, using the computed trajectory of the
object.
We distinguish two types of resonant libration: pure and
transient.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Pure resonant asteroid 463 Lola
Figure: Resonant argument and orbital elements of pure resonant asteroid
463 Lola, resonance 4J-2S-1.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Pure resonant asteroid 2096 Väinö
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Figure: Resonant argument and orbital elements of pure resonant asteroid
2096 Väinö, resonance 1M+3J-3.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Transient resonant asteroid 490 Veritas
Figure: Resonant argument and orbital elements of pure resonant asteroid
490 Veritas, resonance 5J-2S-2.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Transient resonant asteroid 192 Nausikaa
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Figure: Resonant argument and orbital elements of pure resonant asteroid
192 Nausikaa, resonance 3M-3J-5.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Top 10 most populated three-body resonances
Resonance ares Total Pure
4J −6U −1 2.4189 2163 11
5J −2S −2 3.1747 1400 307
3J −2S −1 3.0801 1269 251
4J −2S −1 2.3981 1234 1051
3J −1S −1 2.7530 1061 397
4J −3S −1 2.6235 1008 196
2J +2S −1 2.6151 946 46
2J +4U −1 2.7765 732 96
2J +5U −1 2.6791 732 54
3J −6U −1 3.1193 718 121
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
The same, without J-S and J-U
Resonance ares Total Pure
1V +5S −6 2.4237 670 42
4E −7M−1 2.3641 483 123
3V −6E −1 2.3850 450 81
1M−3J −1 2.3464 437 99
1M−2S −2 2.6575 269 31
2M−4J −3 2.5812 235 30
2M−3J −3 2.3965 214 30
1M+6S −3 2.5592 207 25
1M−1S −2 2.5331 196 30
2M−3S −4 2.5934 191 37
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Asteroids in three-body resonances, statistics I
Planet 1 Planet 2 T+P % of total Pure % of pure
Venus Earth 1307 0.28 35 2.68
Venus Mars 349 0.08 14 4.01
Venus Jupiter 342 0.07 8 2.34
Venus Saturn 856 0.19 5 0.58
Venus Uranus 1027 0.22 25 2.43
Earth Mars 2988 0.65 165 5.52
Earth Jupiter 570 0.12 33 5.79
Earth Saturn 239 0.05 3 1.26
Earth Uranus 1819 0.39 55 3.02
Mars Jupiter 4714 1.02 288 6.11
Mars Saturn 3751 0.81 197 5.25
Mars Uranus 5644 1.22 280 4.96
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Asteroids in three-body resonances, statistics II
Planet 1 Planet 2 T+P % of total Pure % of pure
Jupiter Saturn 22102 4.78 1759 7.76
Jupiter Uranus 21706 4.69 857 3.95
Jupiter Neptune 11376 2.46% 494 4.34
Saturn Uranus 2136 0.46 57 2.67
Uranus Neptune 119 2.41 21 17.65
Total 81045 17.53% 4295 5.30%
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Number of asteroids vs planet
Table: Number of transient plus pure (T+P) three-body resonant
asteroids and pure (P) resonant asteroids vs planet involved in the
resonance.
Planet T+P % of total Pure % of pure
Venus 3881 0.84 87 2.24
Earth 6923 1.50 291 4.20
Mars 13446 2.91 944 7.02
Jupiter 49434 10.69 2945 5.96
Saturn 29084 6.29 2021 6.95
Uranus 32332 6.99 1274 3.94
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Number of asteroids vs planet
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Figure: Number of resonant asteroids for the planets.
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
TNO resonant asteroids
Table: Top five most “populated” resonance with Uranus and Neptune
Resonance ares T+P P
3U -7N 2 45.1133 12 2
4U -5N -5 44.4904 8 0
1U -6N 7 44.0420 7 0
3U -3N -5 44.0558 7 1
2U -1N -5 43.6328 6 0
Number of asteroids with semimajor axis in [39.0, 55.0] is
equal to 201, number of resonant — 75 (37.31%).
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Distribution of resonant TNO
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E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Distribution of asteroids in main belt
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E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Distribution of resonant asteroids in main belt
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E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Distribution of resonant asteroids in main belt
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E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Distribution of resonant asteroids in main belt
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E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Abundances for pure resonant asteroids
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Abundances
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Number of asteroids vs order vs planets
Planets 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
V–E 1 82 10 225 580 153 256
V–J 50 71 64 44 14 87 12
V–U 174 346 176 136 81 48 66
E–M 260 316 234 251 892 492 543
E–J 30 145 108 68 108 6 105
E–U 141 319 322 324 299 136 278
M–J 483 929 711 1164 533 668 226
M–S 379 670 727 752 497 462 264
M–U 512 1360 813 894 628 873 564
J–S 2845 5576 2741 4620 2854 1890 1583
J–U 1436 3620 3336 5150 2856 2769 2539
S–U 123 183 161 365 425 496 383
U–N 11 17 30 14 16 13 18
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
A few words about automation
Install software in one command (it doesn’t matter what
technologies were used);
distribute software without additional complications;
deploy application to the remote/local computers and build
natively clusters.
maintain and update application on every node in the cluster.
safely pass commands to nodes over network.
https://www.docker.com
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
They were right!
The three-body mean motion resonances seem to
be the main actors structuring the dynamics in the
main asteroid belt.
Nesvorny, Morbidelli, ApJ 116 (1998)
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions
Conclusions
The fraction of asteroids in three-body resonances (transient
plus pure) turns out to be ≈ 17.5% (5.3% of them are pure)
of the total studied set of ≈ 460000 asteroids.
There are number of asteroids in each possible planet
configuration.
Three-body resonances are “more populated” for TNO
(≈ 37% instead of ≈ 18%).
E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets

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Mean motion resonances in the main belt

  • 1. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets E.A. Smirnov Pulkovo Observatory, St.-Petersburg, Russia September 25, 2016 E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 2. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions An essential role in the asteroidal dynamics is played by the mean motion resonances. Two-body planet-asteroid resonances are widely known, due to the Kirkwood gaps. Besides, there are so-called three-body resonances. In the latter case the resonance represents a commensurability between the mean frequencies of the orbital motions of an asteroid and two planets (e.g. Jupiter and Saturn): E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 3. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Three-body resonances are the linear combination of the mean frequences of the orbital motion of two planets and an asteroid: mP1 ˙ λP1 + mP2 ˙ λP2 + mλ̇ ≈ 0, where ˙ λP1, ˙ λP2, λ̇ — derivatives of mean longitudes first and second planet and an asteroid respectively and mP1, mP2, m — are integers. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 4. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions The three-body mean motion resonances seem to be the main actors structuring the dynamics in the main asteroid belt. Nesvorny, Morbidelli, ApJ 116 (1998) E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 5. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Resonant argument To identify the resonance a special parameter called “resonant argument” is introduced. It is linear combination of the mean longitudes and the longitudes of periapsis. In planar problem it is defined by the following formula: σ = mP1λP1 + mP2λP2 + mλ + pP1$P1 + pP2$P2 + p$, where λP1, λP2, λ, $P1, $P2, $ — mean longitudes and longitudes of periapsis of two planets and an asteroid respectively and mP1, mP2, m, pP1, pP2, p — are integers followed by D’Alembert rule (see Morbidelli, 2002): mP1 + mP1 + m + pP1 + pP2 + p = 0. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 6. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Order of the resonance One more important variable is the resonant order. Width of the resonance, corresponding number of sub-resonances depend on this parameter (Nesvorny, Morbidelli, ApJ, 1998). The resonant order is given by formula: q = |mP1 + mP2 + m|. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 7. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Stage 1 Identification matrix E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 8. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Identification matrix It consists of two primary columns. The first one contains designations of the resonance. The second one contains the corresponding resonant values of the semimajor axis. Table: An extract from the identification matrix Resonance ares (AU) 5J − 2S − 2 3.1746 4J − 6U − 1 2.4189 4E − 7M − 1 2.3641 3V − 6E − 1 2.3850 1M − 3J − 1 2.3464 E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 9. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Stage 2 Dynamical identification E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 10. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Dynamical identification First of all, each asteroid’s orbit from the adopted set of ≈ 460000 objects (thanks to AstDyS) is computed for 105 yr (thanks to mercury6 and orbit9). The perturbations from all planets (from Mercury to Neptune) and Pluto are taken into account. For each asteroid we find possible set of three-body resonances and calculated related resonant arguments. Each argument is then analyzed automatically on the presence of libration/circulation, using the computed trajectory of the object. We distinguish two types of resonant libration: pure and transient. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 11. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Pure resonant asteroid 463 Lola Figure: Resonant argument and orbital elements of pure resonant asteroid 463 Lola, resonance 4J-2S-1. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 12. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Pure resonant asteroid 2096 Väinö ���� ��� � ���� ���� ���� � ���� ���� ���� � � � � � � � ���� ���� ���� �� ����� ����� ����� ������ � �������� Figure: Resonant argument and orbital elements of pure resonant asteroid 2096 Väinö, resonance 1M+3J-3. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 13. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Transient resonant asteroid 490 Veritas Figure: Resonant argument and orbital elements of pure resonant asteroid 490 Veritas, resonance 5J-2S-2. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 14. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Transient resonant asteroid 192 Nausikaa ���� ��� � ���� ���� ���� � ���� ���� ���� � � � � � � � ���� ���� ���� �� ����� ����� ����� ������ � �������� Figure: Resonant argument and orbital elements of pure resonant asteroid 192 Nausikaa, resonance 3M-3J-5. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 15. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Top 10 most populated three-body resonances Resonance ares Total Pure 4J −6U −1 2.4189 2163 11 5J −2S −2 3.1747 1400 307 3J −2S −1 3.0801 1269 251 4J −2S −1 2.3981 1234 1051 3J −1S −1 2.7530 1061 397 4J −3S −1 2.6235 1008 196 2J +2S −1 2.6151 946 46 2J +4U −1 2.7765 732 96 2J +5U −1 2.6791 732 54 3J −6U −1 3.1193 718 121 E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 16. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions The same, without J-S and J-U Resonance ares Total Pure 1V +5S −6 2.4237 670 42 4E −7M−1 2.3641 483 123 3V −6E −1 2.3850 450 81 1M−3J −1 2.3464 437 99 1M−2S −2 2.6575 269 31 2M−4J −3 2.5812 235 30 2M−3J −3 2.3965 214 30 1M+6S −3 2.5592 207 25 1M−1S −2 2.5331 196 30 2M−3S −4 2.5934 191 37 E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 17. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Asteroids in three-body resonances, statistics I Planet 1 Planet 2 T+P % of total Pure % of pure Venus Earth 1307 0.28 35 2.68 Venus Mars 349 0.08 14 4.01 Venus Jupiter 342 0.07 8 2.34 Venus Saturn 856 0.19 5 0.58 Venus Uranus 1027 0.22 25 2.43 Earth Mars 2988 0.65 165 5.52 Earth Jupiter 570 0.12 33 5.79 Earth Saturn 239 0.05 3 1.26 Earth Uranus 1819 0.39 55 3.02 Mars Jupiter 4714 1.02 288 6.11 Mars Saturn 3751 0.81 197 5.25 Mars Uranus 5644 1.22 280 4.96 E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 18. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Asteroids in three-body resonances, statistics II Planet 1 Planet 2 T+P % of total Pure % of pure Jupiter Saturn 22102 4.78 1759 7.76 Jupiter Uranus 21706 4.69 857 3.95 Jupiter Neptune 11376 2.46% 494 4.34 Saturn Uranus 2136 0.46 57 2.67 Uranus Neptune 119 2.41 21 17.65 Total 81045 17.53% 4295 5.30% E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 19. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Number of asteroids vs planet Table: Number of transient plus pure (T+P) three-body resonant asteroids and pure (P) resonant asteroids vs planet involved in the resonance. Planet T+P % of total Pure % of pure Venus 3881 0.84 87 2.24 Earth 6923 1.50 291 4.20 Mars 13446 2.91 944 7.02 Jupiter 49434 10.69 2945 5.96 Saturn 29084 6.29 2021 6.95 Uranus 32332 6.99 1274 3.94 E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 20. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Number of asteroids vs planet �� ������ ������ ������ ������ ������ ����� ����� ���� ������� ������ ������ ������ � �� � �������� � ��������� Figure: Number of resonant asteroids for the planets. E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 21. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions TNO resonant asteroids Table: Top five most “populated” resonance with Uranus and Neptune Resonance ares T+P P 3U -7N 2 45.1133 12 2 4U -5N -5 44.4904 8 0 1U -6N 7 44.0420 7 0 3U -3N -5 44.0558 7 1 2U -1N -5 43.6328 6 0 Number of asteroids with semimajor axis in [39.0, 55.0] is equal to 201, number of resonant — 75 (37.31%). E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 22. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Distribution of resonant TNO �� ��� ��� ��� ��� ���� ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ���� ������ � �� � ��������� �������������������� ������������� ������������������ E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 23. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Distribution of asteroids in main belt �� ���� ���� ���� ���� ����� ����� ����� ����� �� ���� �� ���� ������ � �� � ��������� �������������������� ������������� E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 24. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Distribution of resonant asteroids in main belt �� ���� ���� ���� ���� ����� ����� ����� ����� �� ���� �� ���� ������ � �� � ��������� �������������������� ������������� ������������������ E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 25. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Distribution of resonant asteroids in main belt �� ���� ���� ���� ���� ����� ����� ����� ����� �� ���� �� ���� ������ � �� � ��������� �������������������� ������������� ������������������ ������������ E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 26. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Distribution of resonant asteroids in main belt �� ���� ���� ���� ���� ����� ����� ����� ����� �� ���� �� ���� ������ � �� � ��������� �������������������� ������������� ������������������ ������������ ������������ E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 27. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Abundances for pure resonant asteroids E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 28. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Abundances E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 29. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Number of asteroids vs order vs planets Planets 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 V–E 1 82 10 225 580 153 256 V–J 50 71 64 44 14 87 12 V–U 174 346 176 136 81 48 66 E–M 260 316 234 251 892 492 543 E–J 30 145 108 68 108 6 105 E–U 141 319 322 324 299 136 278 M–J 483 929 711 1164 533 668 226 M–S 379 670 727 752 497 462 264 M–U 512 1360 813 894 628 873 564 J–S 2845 5576 2741 4620 2854 1890 1583 J–U 1436 3620 3336 5150 2856 2769 2539 S–U 123 183 161 365 425 496 383 U–N 11 17 30 14 16 13 18 E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 30. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions A few words about automation Install software in one command (it doesn’t matter what technologies were used); distribute software without additional complications; deploy application to the remote/local computers and build natively clusters. maintain and update application on every node in the cluster. safely pass commands to nodes over network. https://www.docker.com E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 31. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions They were right! The three-body mean motion resonances seem to be the main actors structuring the dynamics in the main asteroid belt. Nesvorny, Morbidelli, ApJ 116 (1998) E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets
  • 32. Intro Identification Results and discussion Conclusions Conclusions The fraction of asteroids in three-body resonances (transient plus pure) turns out to be ≈ 17.5% (5.3% of them are pure) of the total studied set of ≈ 460000 asteroids. There are number of asteroids in each possible planet configuration. Three-body resonances are “more populated” for TNO (≈ 37% instead of ≈ 18%). E.A Smirnov. Three-body resonances. Asteroids in three-body mean motion resonances with planets