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Marketing the Igbo Language: The Future is here, today.
By
DR. IKENNA O. AGHANYA
Chief Lecturer
Former Dean, School of Arts Design & Printing Technology
Former Director of Conferences, Short Courses & Workshops
Former Sectional Head, Graphics
Department of Fine & Applied Arts, Federal Polytechnic Oko,
Oko, Anambra State, Nigeria
Email: ikenna.aghanya@federalpolyoko.edu.ng
iyke70@gmail.com
URL: www.printplusng.com www.shakysartgallery.com
ABSTRACT
This study centers on marketing the Igbo Language to the international
community. Igbo language is one of the three major languages in Nigeria.
The Igbo language is spoken by the Igbo tribe, who occupy the South East
geo-political zone of Nigeria. Recent Studies have shown that among the
three major languages, Igbo language is the most neglected due to the wrong
attitude of the people who speak the language. The Igbos do not give
adequate attention to the language. The language is not fully recognized
within the geo-political zone, not to talk of giving it any international
recognition. In spite of the efforts of some notable Igbo language writers
among whom are F.C. Ogbalu, Nolue Emenanjo, Donatus Nwogu, Adiele
Afigbo, this paper still perceives that a lot still has to be done to promote the
language. There is need to embark on more intensive mobilization of people
to support the already existing groups in propagating the Igbo language.
Meaningful Igbo write-ups and researches should be done and uploaded on
the internet and published in reputable journals for easy accessibility of the
language and related materials at any point in time. The Igbo language
should be redefined and fine-tuned in a way that it will be acceptable to all
and sundry. This paper propagates the need to have be definite words and
meanings for all the English words in Igbo language. The future is here,
today.
INTRODUCTION:
The position of the Igbo language compared with the two other major
languages (Hausa and Yoruba) in Nigeria is nothing to write home about.
This is caused mainly by the attitude of the owners of the language. An Igbo
man is never proud of his language. A typical Igbo man does not like to
speak his language for any reason even if he is discussing with a fellow Igbo
person. This is not the same with Hausas and Yorubas.
A typical Hausa man is in love with his language and always proud to speak
it even to non Hausas. A Yoruba man is equally the same with a Hausa as he
is ever-ready to engage anybody in his language. This attitude of the Igbo
person has never encouraged the growth of the Igbo Language nationally
talk more of internationally.
The Igbo language is tonal language spoken by over thirty (30) million
people in Nigeria who occupy five (5) South Eastern States namely:
Anambra, Enugu, Ebonyi, Imo and Abia. It is equally spoken as native
language in some parts of Delta State and Rivers State.
All the Igbo speaking States just like many other languages have their
dialects which necessitated the need for a standard Igbo language, which
should be used as the official language of "Ndi Igbo" (Igbo People). During
the slave trade era, the missionaries saw the need to spread the gospel of our
Lord Jesus Christ in the language of the prospective converts; they therefore,
decided to study and develop the language of the emancipated African slaves
including “Ndi Igbo”.
These efforts of the missionaries contributed immensely to the promotion of
Igbo language. The Igbo language will not forget the efforts of some notable
Igbo language writers among whom are F.C. Ogbalu, Nolue Emenajo,
Donatus Nwogu, Adiele Afigbo. These people did not hide themselves in
proving to the Igbos in particular and others both locally and internationally,
that Igbo language is as important as any other language spoken by the
people. Maazi F.C. Ogbalu equally organized unions like society for
promoting Igbo language and culture (SPILC) for the promotion of Igbo
language.
Moreover, in recent times Maazi Peter Ejiofor (Okammuta) and others
formed some unions notable among them is the effort to keep the language
abreast of other major spoken languages. The Igbos must be proud of the
missionaries, their illustrious sons and daughters and others who have
through one way or the other preserved the image of the language.
Language is the identity of people as such its affairs must be taken seriously.
2. CONCEPTUAL ISSUES
Human language is the most important tool of a society, because without
language, no society will function effectively. Language is an indispensable
tool in the transmission of culture, in that without language, man will behave
totally like an animal. Human society uses language to carry-out its various
duties like interpersonal relationships, worship, education, literary studies,
business as well as adjudicating cases. The importance of language cannot
be overemphasized. Without language, there would be no means of verbal
communication, transmission and maintenance of culture because languages
both as a means of communication and carrier of culture. For language to
develop, it has to be constantly put to effective use both verbally and in
writing.
The study of Igbo language dates back to the slave trade period about the
18th Century, right from the time of Oldendorp, Olaudah Equino, Ajayi
Crowther, Schon and a host of others. Pritchett (2003) writing on Igbo
language development stated that a form of writing called “Nsibidi” (using
formalized pictograms) existed among the people and he equally pointed
out that “Nsibidi” shortly died-out because the writing was used mainly
amongst secret societies like, ‘ekpe’, ‘mmanwu’ and ‘okonko’ whose
members did not want to discuss it publicly.
The missionaries worked tirelessly to develop Igbo language but due to the
lack of a standard form of the language, it was not an easy task. In the 19th
Century, there was an obnoxious education ordinance of 1882 which
discouraged the teaching and growth of the mother-tongue in West Africa.
This did not help in the language development, in that for a language to
grow, it has to be opened to studies and criticism. However in 1920, Igbo
language gained recognition. This came about through the efforts of an
American philanthropic organization interested in the education of the black
peoples of the world – the Phelps-Stokes fund. They sponsored two
commissions to Africa and two years later, the organization published its
report on education in Africa. The report recognized the importance of the
use of the child.
The excerpt as lifted from the report by Okaka (1983) is as stated below:
"Native tongue is immensely more vital, in that, it is one of the chief means
of preserving whatever is good in native customs, ideas and ideals and
thereby preserving what is more important than all these namely native self-
respect. It is the means of giving expression to their own personality,
however primitive they may be. No greater injustice can be committed
against a people than to deprive of their own language".
It is in line with the above assertion that Nwadike and Umeasiegbu (2008)
stated thus:
"When children are denied their mother-tongues through neglect or
ignorance or by being forced by parents to speak a foreign language in
preference to an indigenous language, a great harm is done on both the
neglected language and the children themselve".
This study will be inconclusive if the efforts of F.C. Ogbalu, Nolue
Emenajo, Donatus Nwogu, Adiele Afigbo, Chuwkuma Okoye, and Peter
Ejiofor among others towards development of Igbo language are not
remembered. These notable Igbo academicians have severally authored so
many Igbo text books, sponsored Igbo language programmes, organized
conferences and seminars in Igbo and above all formed unions such as
society for promoting Igbo language and culture (SPILC) and Otu Suba Kwa
Igbo (OSKI) for the purposes of promoting Igbo language.
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN:
This study adopted a survey approach in seeking the position of Igbo
language in relation to other languages. This is due to the secondary nature
of the study. Questionnaires were administered.
3.2 POPULATION OF STUDY:
The population of the study was taken to be all the state capitals of the 5
Igbo speaking states of the country; Awka, Enugu, Abakiliki, Owerri and
Umuahia.
3.3 SAMPLE SIZE:
Questionnaires were administered to the members of a major Igbo union;
“Out Suba Kwa Igbo” in all the 5 states. This union serves as a true
representative of the Igbo people
3.4 SOURCES OF DATA:
The data used for this study were collected from both primary and secondary
sources.
3.5 DATA ANALYSES:
The data which the respondents furnished through the questionnaires were
analyzed using simple percentage
4. FINDINGS
Igbo language witnessed a lot of delay in the course of its development.
Some of the factors responsible for the delay are as follows:
- Colonial Government:- One of the factors responsible for the delay
in Igbo language development was the fact that the British Colonial
administrators did not encourage the study or development of Igbo
language because they were content with the use of English language
to administer the Igbo land. However, they paid more attention to
development of Hausa language in particular and denied Igbo
language the recognition and support it needed. In this regard Oraka
(1983) observes as follows:
"Igbo and Yoruba were not adequate for teaching and learning in
primary schools. The same missionaries quickly gave approval to the
teaching of Hausa school children in Hausa, which according to them
was adequate for teaching and learning in all the classes of the
primary school system. Equally Hausa and Yoruba were better and
more organized politically, socially and administratively and even
traditionally before the advent of the Europeans".
More so, the Europeans poor knowledge of Igbo phonetics made
them to lose interest in Igbo language thereby causing the delay in the
development of the Igbo language. Thus, Oruchalu and Afigbo (1995)
writes as follows:
"The western form of writing reached the Igbo language at the same
period as the sister language of Nigeria following the contact of the
whites with freed slaves, but the study and writing of Igbo had a
temporary set back owing to the problems encountered by the
impetuous whites in the quality and quantity of their understanding".
The genesis of the written Igbo language was fraught with
inadequacies as a result of the European's poor knowledge of Igbo
phonetics, phonology, morphology and even syntax. In the study and
use of the Igbo language, the early European Linguists tended to think
that Igbo was the same as English. This negative idea formed the basis
of early literary deficiencies inherited.
- Dialects:- Igbo language like most other languages is made up of
many dialects. These different spoken dialects come from the five (5)
South Eastern States, Delta State and Rives State. No particular state
or area has the monopoly of the language. For this reason, it was
difficult to come together and speak a common dialect that would be
more standard. There was, therefore a huge problem trying to choose
a particular one to serve as the standard Igbo. Onyekaonwu, in his
unpublished doctorate degree thesis, points out in very strong terms
that the multiplicity of dialects in Igboland helped to delay the
development of Igbo language.
- Orthography:- Another major problem was the orthography dispute
which lasted for many years. It crippled Igbo language studies for
more than three decades. Some “Ndi Igbo” do not understand why the
original system or reading “Abidii Igbo” should changed from a b gb
d e gw kw nw ny’ to a b ch d e u u v w y z. Due to long period of the
controversy created by this change, most ‘Ndi Igbo’ lost interest in
their language and preferred speaking English or even other Nigerian
languages to theirs.
- Attitude of Ndi Igbo towards Language:- Some Igbo people were
made to see their language as local and secondary as well as their
culture, which they saw as lacking in the essential ingredients of life
found in other languages, hence they resorted to using English as their
official language to date. This negative attitude of ours gave a lot of
setback to the development of Igbo language.
- Government:- Our government, since our independence has followed
the line of our colonial masters by not given rightful positions to local
languages especially the Igbo language. Government made English
language a mandatory subject of study and excluded local languages
like Igbo languages as subjects of study and medium of instruction.
Government negative action therefore helped to retard the
development of Igbo language.
5. CONCLUSION
The marketing of Igbo language to the international community is a
worthwhile project which should be given undiluted attention. Igbo
language has come of age as such the time is now ripe for it to be made
accessible globally. The language by all standards is second to none of
the existing languages as such it should be given its rightful position. A
number of recommendations are made which the writer is optimistic that
if carried out will achieve a desired goal.
6. RECOMMENDATION
The marketing of Igbo language to international community is a serious
affair which must be the concern of every Igbo person. This is because
of its benefit to the battered Igbo language. Till now, Igbo language has
not found its feet internationally like other major languages. The
question now is: Have Ndi Igbo achieved what is best for their
language?.
In the light of the above, in order to fill the existing gaps, the following
are hereby recommended:
۰ Mobilization of people:- there is need to mobilize both Igbo
people and non Igbo people to support the speaking of the Igbo
language in all their affairs. This will make people to appreciate
the good things about the organizations like the Society for
Promoting Igbo Languages and Culture (SPILC) and numerous
others should be given all the necessary assistance to enable them
forge ahead.
۰ Igbo language should be redefined and refined in such a way that
it swould be acceptable to all and sundry. There must be definite
words and meaning for all the English words in Igbo language
which cut across all the academic fields.
۰ Internet:- Meaningful Igbo write-ups and researches should be
uploaded on the internet. This will make Igbo language affairs
easily accessible to anybody who needs write-ups on Igbo
language at all times.
۰ Government should redefine its education curriculum in order to
give Igbo language the rightful position. Igbo language should be
made compulsory as a subject of study in all levels of education.
Igbo language should equally be made the medium of instruction.
This positive action by the government wiould help to redefine
people's attitude towards the language.
۰ There is need to organize cultural festivals during which different
aspects of Igbo culture are describe in Igbo language should be
organized regularly. During such occasions, members of
international community should be invited to see things
themselves.
۰ There should be a standard Igbo dictionary for people to check
meanings of Igbo words.
۰ Conferences and seminars in Igbo language should be organized
regularly.
۰ During the seminar students, teachers, scholars, government
representatives and businessman should be invited from parts of
the world to witness it.
۰ Igbo language scholars and stakeholders should be given prizes
for work well done. They should be equally sponsored to
overseas to deliver lectures in seminars and conferences.
۰ Igbo language centres named after famous Igbo language writers
should be established locally and internationally.
REFERENCES
Afigbo, A.E. F.C. Ogbalu and Igbo language, (ed.) Onitsha:
University Publishing Company, 1995.
Emenyonu, E.N. Achebe and the Problematic of Writing in
Indigenous Language, www.kintespace.com/kpemenyonu.html.accessed,
2008.
Meludu, N. Unpublished Masters of Art Seminar Paper to
Department of Igbo Language, African and Asian studies, 2010
Nwadike, I.U. Igbo Language and Culture: Whither Bound? 2008
Umeasiegbu, R.N. (Ed), Chief Dr. F.C. Ogbalu Memorial Lectures
(1and3), Onitsha: Varsity Publishing.
Ogbalu, F.C. My Early Parting Promoting Igbo Language in Afigbo,
A.E. (Ed.) F.C. Ogbalu and the Igbo Language, (Ed.), Onitsha: Varsity
Publishing, 1995.
Oraka, L.N. The Foundations of Igbo Studies. Onitsha: University
Publishing Company, 1983.
Oruchalu, S.U. The Society for Promoting Igbo Language and
Culture: A History, in Afigbo, A.E. (Ed.) (1995), F.C. Ogbalu and Igbo
Language, (ed.), Onistha: University Publishing Company, 1992.
Pritchett, F.N.W. Goodwill Message.
www.columba.edu/../ignohistory.html.accessed, 2006.

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Marketing the Igbo Language: The Future is here, today.

  • 1. Marketing the Igbo Language: The Future is here, today. By DR. IKENNA O. AGHANYA Chief Lecturer Former Dean, School of Arts Design & Printing Technology Former Director of Conferences, Short Courses & Workshops Former Sectional Head, Graphics Department of Fine & Applied Arts, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Oko, Anambra State, Nigeria Email: ikenna.aghanya@federalpolyoko.edu.ng iyke70@gmail.com URL: www.printplusng.com www.shakysartgallery.com
  • 2. ABSTRACT This study centers on marketing the Igbo Language to the international community. Igbo language is one of the three major languages in Nigeria. The Igbo language is spoken by the Igbo tribe, who occupy the South East geo-political zone of Nigeria. Recent Studies have shown that among the three major languages, Igbo language is the most neglected due to the wrong attitude of the people who speak the language. The Igbos do not give adequate attention to the language. The language is not fully recognized within the geo-political zone, not to talk of giving it any international recognition. In spite of the efforts of some notable Igbo language writers among whom are F.C. Ogbalu, Nolue Emenanjo, Donatus Nwogu, Adiele Afigbo, this paper still perceives that a lot still has to be done to promote the language. There is need to embark on more intensive mobilization of people to support the already existing groups in propagating the Igbo language. Meaningful Igbo write-ups and researches should be done and uploaded on the internet and published in reputable journals for easy accessibility of the language and related materials at any point in time. The Igbo language should be redefined and fine-tuned in a way that it will be acceptable to all and sundry. This paper propagates the need to have be definite words and meanings for all the English words in Igbo language. The future is here, today.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION: The position of the Igbo language compared with the two other major languages (Hausa and Yoruba) in Nigeria is nothing to write home about. This is caused mainly by the attitude of the owners of the language. An Igbo man is never proud of his language. A typical Igbo man does not like to speak his language for any reason even if he is discussing with a fellow Igbo person. This is not the same with Hausas and Yorubas. A typical Hausa man is in love with his language and always proud to speak it even to non Hausas. A Yoruba man is equally the same with a Hausa as he is ever-ready to engage anybody in his language. This attitude of the Igbo person has never encouraged the growth of the Igbo Language nationally talk more of internationally. The Igbo language is tonal language spoken by over thirty (30) million people in Nigeria who occupy five (5) South Eastern States namely: Anambra, Enugu, Ebonyi, Imo and Abia. It is equally spoken as native language in some parts of Delta State and Rivers State. All the Igbo speaking States just like many other languages have their dialects which necessitated the need for a standard Igbo language, which should be used as the official language of "Ndi Igbo" (Igbo People). During the slave trade era, the missionaries saw the need to spread the gospel of our
  • 4. Lord Jesus Christ in the language of the prospective converts; they therefore, decided to study and develop the language of the emancipated African slaves including “Ndi Igbo”. These efforts of the missionaries contributed immensely to the promotion of Igbo language. The Igbo language will not forget the efforts of some notable Igbo language writers among whom are F.C. Ogbalu, Nolue Emenajo, Donatus Nwogu, Adiele Afigbo. These people did not hide themselves in proving to the Igbos in particular and others both locally and internationally, that Igbo language is as important as any other language spoken by the people. Maazi F.C. Ogbalu equally organized unions like society for promoting Igbo language and culture (SPILC) for the promotion of Igbo language. Moreover, in recent times Maazi Peter Ejiofor (Okammuta) and others formed some unions notable among them is the effort to keep the language abreast of other major spoken languages. The Igbos must be proud of the missionaries, their illustrious sons and daughters and others who have through one way or the other preserved the image of the language. Language is the identity of people as such its affairs must be taken seriously.
  • 5. 2. CONCEPTUAL ISSUES Human language is the most important tool of a society, because without language, no society will function effectively. Language is an indispensable tool in the transmission of culture, in that without language, man will behave totally like an animal. Human society uses language to carry-out its various duties like interpersonal relationships, worship, education, literary studies, business as well as adjudicating cases. The importance of language cannot be overemphasized. Without language, there would be no means of verbal communication, transmission and maintenance of culture because languages both as a means of communication and carrier of culture. For language to develop, it has to be constantly put to effective use both verbally and in writing. The study of Igbo language dates back to the slave trade period about the 18th Century, right from the time of Oldendorp, Olaudah Equino, Ajayi Crowther, Schon and a host of others. Pritchett (2003) writing on Igbo language development stated that a form of writing called “Nsibidi” (using formalized pictograms) existed among the people and he equally pointed out that “Nsibidi” shortly died-out because the writing was used mainly amongst secret societies like, ‘ekpe’, ‘mmanwu’ and ‘okonko’ whose members did not want to discuss it publicly.
  • 6. The missionaries worked tirelessly to develop Igbo language but due to the lack of a standard form of the language, it was not an easy task. In the 19th Century, there was an obnoxious education ordinance of 1882 which discouraged the teaching and growth of the mother-tongue in West Africa. This did not help in the language development, in that for a language to grow, it has to be opened to studies and criticism. However in 1920, Igbo language gained recognition. This came about through the efforts of an American philanthropic organization interested in the education of the black peoples of the world – the Phelps-Stokes fund. They sponsored two commissions to Africa and two years later, the organization published its report on education in Africa. The report recognized the importance of the use of the child. The excerpt as lifted from the report by Okaka (1983) is as stated below: "Native tongue is immensely more vital, in that, it is one of the chief means of preserving whatever is good in native customs, ideas and ideals and thereby preserving what is more important than all these namely native self- respect. It is the means of giving expression to their own personality, however primitive they may be. No greater injustice can be committed against a people than to deprive of their own language".
  • 7. It is in line with the above assertion that Nwadike and Umeasiegbu (2008) stated thus: "When children are denied their mother-tongues through neglect or ignorance or by being forced by parents to speak a foreign language in preference to an indigenous language, a great harm is done on both the neglected language and the children themselve". This study will be inconclusive if the efforts of F.C. Ogbalu, Nolue Emenajo, Donatus Nwogu, Adiele Afigbo, Chuwkuma Okoye, and Peter Ejiofor among others towards development of Igbo language are not remembered. These notable Igbo academicians have severally authored so many Igbo text books, sponsored Igbo language programmes, organized conferences and seminars in Igbo and above all formed unions such as society for promoting Igbo language and culture (SPILC) and Otu Suba Kwa Igbo (OSKI) for the purposes of promoting Igbo language. 3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN: This study adopted a survey approach in seeking the position of Igbo language in relation to other languages. This is due to the secondary nature of the study. Questionnaires were administered.
  • 8. 3.2 POPULATION OF STUDY: The population of the study was taken to be all the state capitals of the 5 Igbo speaking states of the country; Awka, Enugu, Abakiliki, Owerri and Umuahia. 3.3 SAMPLE SIZE: Questionnaires were administered to the members of a major Igbo union; “Out Suba Kwa Igbo” in all the 5 states. This union serves as a true representative of the Igbo people 3.4 SOURCES OF DATA: The data used for this study were collected from both primary and secondary sources. 3.5 DATA ANALYSES: The data which the respondents furnished through the questionnaires were analyzed using simple percentage 4. FINDINGS Igbo language witnessed a lot of delay in the course of its development. Some of the factors responsible for the delay are as follows: - Colonial Government:- One of the factors responsible for the delay in Igbo language development was the fact that the British Colonial administrators did not encourage the study or development of Igbo
  • 9. language because they were content with the use of English language to administer the Igbo land. However, they paid more attention to development of Hausa language in particular and denied Igbo language the recognition and support it needed. In this regard Oraka (1983) observes as follows: "Igbo and Yoruba were not adequate for teaching and learning in primary schools. The same missionaries quickly gave approval to the teaching of Hausa school children in Hausa, which according to them was adequate for teaching and learning in all the classes of the primary school system. Equally Hausa and Yoruba were better and more organized politically, socially and administratively and even traditionally before the advent of the Europeans". More so, the Europeans poor knowledge of Igbo phonetics made them to lose interest in Igbo language thereby causing the delay in the development of the Igbo language. Thus, Oruchalu and Afigbo (1995) writes as follows: "The western form of writing reached the Igbo language at the same period as the sister language of Nigeria following the contact of the whites with freed slaves, but the study and writing of Igbo had a
  • 10. temporary set back owing to the problems encountered by the impetuous whites in the quality and quantity of their understanding". The genesis of the written Igbo language was fraught with inadequacies as a result of the European's poor knowledge of Igbo phonetics, phonology, morphology and even syntax. In the study and use of the Igbo language, the early European Linguists tended to think that Igbo was the same as English. This negative idea formed the basis of early literary deficiencies inherited. - Dialects:- Igbo language like most other languages is made up of many dialects. These different spoken dialects come from the five (5) South Eastern States, Delta State and Rives State. No particular state or area has the monopoly of the language. For this reason, it was difficult to come together and speak a common dialect that would be more standard. There was, therefore a huge problem trying to choose a particular one to serve as the standard Igbo. Onyekaonwu, in his unpublished doctorate degree thesis, points out in very strong terms that the multiplicity of dialects in Igboland helped to delay the development of Igbo language.
  • 11. - Orthography:- Another major problem was the orthography dispute which lasted for many years. It crippled Igbo language studies for more than three decades. Some “Ndi Igbo” do not understand why the original system or reading “Abidii Igbo” should changed from a b gb d e gw kw nw ny’ to a b ch d e u u v w y z. Due to long period of the controversy created by this change, most ‘Ndi Igbo’ lost interest in their language and preferred speaking English or even other Nigerian languages to theirs. - Attitude of Ndi Igbo towards Language:- Some Igbo people were made to see their language as local and secondary as well as their culture, which they saw as lacking in the essential ingredients of life found in other languages, hence they resorted to using English as their official language to date. This negative attitude of ours gave a lot of setback to the development of Igbo language. - Government:- Our government, since our independence has followed the line of our colonial masters by not given rightful positions to local languages especially the Igbo language. Government made English language a mandatory subject of study and excluded local languages like Igbo languages as subjects of study and medium of instruction.
  • 12. Government negative action therefore helped to retard the development of Igbo language. 5. CONCLUSION The marketing of Igbo language to the international community is a worthwhile project which should be given undiluted attention. Igbo language has come of age as such the time is now ripe for it to be made accessible globally. The language by all standards is second to none of the existing languages as such it should be given its rightful position. A number of recommendations are made which the writer is optimistic that if carried out will achieve a desired goal. 6. RECOMMENDATION The marketing of Igbo language to international community is a serious affair which must be the concern of every Igbo person. This is because of its benefit to the battered Igbo language. Till now, Igbo language has not found its feet internationally like other major languages. The question now is: Have Ndi Igbo achieved what is best for their language?.
  • 13. In the light of the above, in order to fill the existing gaps, the following are hereby recommended: ۰ Mobilization of people:- there is need to mobilize both Igbo people and non Igbo people to support the speaking of the Igbo language in all their affairs. This will make people to appreciate the good things about the organizations like the Society for Promoting Igbo Languages and Culture (SPILC) and numerous others should be given all the necessary assistance to enable them forge ahead. ۰ Igbo language should be redefined and refined in such a way that it swould be acceptable to all and sundry. There must be definite words and meaning for all the English words in Igbo language which cut across all the academic fields. ۰ Internet:- Meaningful Igbo write-ups and researches should be uploaded on the internet. This will make Igbo language affairs easily accessible to anybody who needs write-ups on Igbo language at all times.
  • 14. ۰ Government should redefine its education curriculum in order to give Igbo language the rightful position. Igbo language should be made compulsory as a subject of study in all levels of education. Igbo language should equally be made the medium of instruction. This positive action by the government wiould help to redefine people's attitude towards the language. ۰ There is need to organize cultural festivals during which different aspects of Igbo culture are describe in Igbo language should be organized regularly. During such occasions, members of international community should be invited to see things themselves. ۰ There should be a standard Igbo dictionary for people to check meanings of Igbo words. ۰ Conferences and seminars in Igbo language should be organized regularly.
  • 15. ۰ During the seminar students, teachers, scholars, government representatives and businessman should be invited from parts of the world to witness it. ۰ Igbo language scholars and stakeholders should be given prizes for work well done. They should be equally sponsored to overseas to deliver lectures in seminars and conferences. ۰ Igbo language centres named after famous Igbo language writers should be established locally and internationally.
  • 16. REFERENCES Afigbo, A.E. F.C. Ogbalu and Igbo language, (ed.) Onitsha: University Publishing Company, 1995. Emenyonu, E.N. Achebe and the Problematic of Writing in Indigenous Language, www.kintespace.com/kpemenyonu.html.accessed, 2008. Meludu, N. Unpublished Masters of Art Seminar Paper to Department of Igbo Language, African and Asian studies, 2010 Nwadike, I.U. Igbo Language and Culture: Whither Bound? 2008 Umeasiegbu, R.N. (Ed), Chief Dr. F.C. Ogbalu Memorial Lectures (1and3), Onitsha: Varsity Publishing. Ogbalu, F.C. My Early Parting Promoting Igbo Language in Afigbo, A.E. (Ed.) F.C. Ogbalu and the Igbo Language, (Ed.), Onitsha: Varsity Publishing, 1995. Oraka, L.N. The Foundations of Igbo Studies. Onitsha: University Publishing Company, 1983. Oruchalu, S.U. The Society for Promoting Igbo Language and Culture: A History, in Afigbo, A.E. (Ed.) (1995), F.C. Ogbalu and Igbo Language, (ed.), Onistha: University Publishing Company, 1992. Pritchett, F.N.W. Goodwill Message. www.columba.edu/../ignohistory.html.accessed, 2006.