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Mobile Application Services
Based Upon
Open Urban Government Data
Agnes Mainka, Sarah Hartmann, Christine Meschede, Wolfgang G. Stock
Wednesday, 25/Mar/2015, iConference, Newport Beach, CA
SmartCityApps
Early morning…
What has happened
in the world?
Do I need a
jacket today?
SmartCityApps
Using my bump app
to report all potholes
to the city
On the way…
OpenData?
What happens then?
?
DDohler
Pete Dungey
VDOT
City
OpenUrban
GovernmentData?
Statistics
How is the data gathered?
Oliver Tacke
OpenUrban
GovernmentData?
Statistics
How is the data gathered?
Oliver Tacke
User generated
OpenUrban
GovernmentData?
Statistics
How is the data gathered?
Oliver Tacke
Sensors
User generated
Statistics
How is the data gathered?
Oliver Tacke
User generated
Sensors
OpenUrban
GovernmentData?
How is the data used?
CITY OPEN
DATA PORTAL
• Online and Free
• Machine readable
• Creative Commons
• ...…
OpenUrban
GovernmentData?
CITY OPEN
DATA PORTAL
OTHER DATA
?
How is the data used?
??
?
business
citizens
city administration
OpenUrban
GovernmentData?
CaseStudy
24 Informational World Cities
Data Collection
Are mobile apps (m-apps) available on government
websites?
https://open.wien.gv.at/site/anwendungen/
link to
CaseStudy
What is the app about?
!
Categories may
differ in the various
app stores
Problems
What is the app about?
Categories may
differ in the various
app stores
!
Poor app description
Problems
What is the app about?
Categories may
differ in the various
app stores
!
Poor app description
Poor translation of
descriptions
Problems
Investigation
Hypotheses
Nearsoft Inc
Citizens develop
urban m-apps
M-apps with many topics
and feature are more
often downloaded
Equal m-apps for different
operating systems
Apple
Inc.
Google Inc.
jayRaz
loac
M-apps which call for
citizens engagement are
often downloaded
Hypotheses
Nearsoft Inc
Citizens develop
urban m-apps
M-apps with many topics
and feature are more
often downloaded
Equal m-apps for different
operating systems
Investigation
Apple
Inc.
Google Inc.
jayRaz
loac
M-apps which call for
citizens engagement are
often downloaded
Hypotheses
Equal m-apps for different
operating systems
Apple Inc.
Google Inc.
Nearsoft Inc
Citizens develop
urban m-apps
M-apps with many topics
and feature are more
often downloaded
Investigation
jayRaz
loac
M-apps which call for
citizens engagement are
often downloaded
Hypotheses
Nearsoft Inc
M-apps which call for
citizens engagement are
often downloaded
M-apps with many topics
and feature are more
often downloaded
Equal m-apps for different
operating systems
Nearsoft Inc
Citizens develop
urban m-apps
Investigation
Apple
Inc.
Google Inc.
jayRaz
loac
Typology of M-Apps: Topics
# amount of m-apps categorized as (topic)
Mobility
Points of Interest(POI)
Education
Information Awareness
Health
Public Safety
# = 263
# = 198
# = 100
# = 178
# = 61
# = 18
Results 471 m-apps in total
Typology of M-Apps: Features
# amount of m-apps categorized as (feature)
# = 312
# = 253
# = 28
# = 82
# = 17
# = 16
# = 17
# = 10
GPS
Map
Payment
Game/Achievements
User Feed
Real Time Information
Problem Identification
Problem Resolution
Results 471 m-apps in total
Points of Interest
Single Topic # 221
Multi Topic # 42
Topics: Example
# 263
Results
Topics: Example
Education
City # 73
School/University #
27
# 100
Results
Features: Example
# m-apps with feature
Game/Achievements 28
Topic: Education/City & POI/Single Topic
Results
Features: Example
10 m-apps with feature
Problem Resolution
17 m-apps with feature
Problem Identification
Topic: Information Awareness/Government
Results
Developer
Vienna
84.71%
m-apps developed by
government agencies
Hong Kong
0%
m-apps developed by
government agencies
Results
Operating Systems
Vienna Hong Kong
# of m-apps # of m-apps
0 20 40 60 80
Mobile Web App
iOS
Android
Windows Phone
Other Mobile
Device
0 20 40 60 80
Mobile Web App
iOS
Android
Windows Phone
Other Mobile
Device
Results
74 m-apps in total 85 m-apps in total
More Topics/Features
= More Downloads?
100-500 downloads
Results
100,000-500,000
downloads
5,000-10,000
downloads
More Topics/Features
= More Downloads?
1,000,000 - 5,000,000 downloads
Results
Call for eParticipation
= More Downloads?
Problem Identification Problem
Resolution
Plantilla Awesome Inc. Jasmin Hamadeh
Most m-apps with these features have
100-500 & 1.000-5.000 downloads
Results
Developer & Operating Systems
VS
1 m-app
4 operating systems
1 m-app
1 operating system
citizens city administration
Conclusion
Topics/Features
many topics
+ many features
____________________
= lots of downloads
P
Conclusion
eParticipation
Steven Feather
DDohler
call for
eParticipation
= lots of downloads
Conclusion
Can Open Data help to improve
eParticipation?
FutureResearch
Questions?
Presented by:
Agnes Mainka
Email ME: agnes.mainka@hhu.de
Tweet ME: @Agnieszka_Em
Sarah Hartmann
Email ME: s.hartmann@hhu.de
Tweet ME: @HartmannSa
ThankYou
M-Apps
References
Anne‘s Amsterdam: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/annes-amsterdam/id520476666?mt=8
Bicing: https://itunes.apple.com/es/app/id303950687?mt=8
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=es.bcn.bicing
http://www.windowsphone.com/es-es/store/app/bicing/e4d0cc3a-8083-4bcc-b06c-f39619669826
http://appworld.blackberry.com/webstore/content/19182180/?lang=es
Boston Citizens Connect: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=gov.cityofboston.citizensconnect
Defis in Wien: https://itunes.apple.com/at/app/defis-in-wien/id577773995
Food Safety: https://itunes.apple.com/hk/app/shi-wu-an-quan-food-safety/id809676158?mt=8&l=en
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.fehd&hl=en_GB
Kurzparkzonen Lite: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.stprograms.kurzparkzonenwien
mDubai: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.deg.mdubai
https://itunes.apple.com/app/id619712783
myENV:
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=sg.gov.nea#?t=W251bGwsMSwyLDIxMiwic2cuZ292Lm5lYSJd
MyObservatory: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=hko.MyObservatory_v1_0&hl=en_GB
SF Trees: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.elbatrop.sftrees
Sydney Culture Walks: https://itunes.apple.com/au/app/sydney-culture-walks/id818861652?mt=8
Toilets in Paris: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.magetys.sanisettes
UP2CODE: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.seeclickfix.up2code.app
Vienna City Bike: https://appworld.blackberry.com/webstore/content/20077963/?lang=de&countrycode=AT
Wien Mobil - Stadtplan: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=at.xylem.wienmobil

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M-Apps in Smart Cities

  • 1. Mobile Application Services Based Upon Open Urban Government Data Agnes Mainka, Sarah Hartmann, Christine Meschede, Wolfgang G. Stock Wednesday, 25/Mar/2015, iConference, Newport Beach, CA
  • 2. SmartCityApps Early morning… What has happened in the world? Do I need a jacket today?
  • 3. SmartCityApps Using my bump app to report all potholes to the city On the way…
  • 6. OpenUrban GovernmentData? Statistics How is the data gathered? Oliver Tacke User generated
  • 7. OpenUrban GovernmentData? Statistics How is the data gathered? Oliver Tacke Sensors User generated
  • 8. Statistics How is the data gathered? Oliver Tacke User generated Sensors OpenUrban GovernmentData?
  • 9. How is the data used? CITY OPEN DATA PORTAL • Online and Free • Machine readable • Creative Commons • ...… OpenUrban GovernmentData?
  • 10. CITY OPEN DATA PORTAL OTHER DATA ? How is the data used? ?? ? business citizens city administration OpenUrban GovernmentData?
  • 12. Data Collection Are mobile apps (m-apps) available on government websites? https://open.wien.gv.at/site/anwendungen/ link to CaseStudy
  • 13. What is the app about? ! Categories may differ in the various app stores Problems
  • 14. What is the app about? Categories may differ in the various app stores ! Poor app description Problems
  • 15. What is the app about? Categories may differ in the various app stores ! Poor app description Poor translation of descriptions Problems
  • 16. Investigation Hypotheses Nearsoft Inc Citizens develop urban m-apps M-apps with many topics and feature are more often downloaded Equal m-apps for different operating systems Apple Inc. Google Inc. jayRaz loac M-apps which call for citizens engagement are often downloaded
  • 17. Hypotheses Nearsoft Inc Citizens develop urban m-apps M-apps with many topics and feature are more often downloaded Equal m-apps for different operating systems Investigation Apple Inc. Google Inc. jayRaz loac M-apps which call for citizens engagement are often downloaded
  • 18. Hypotheses Equal m-apps for different operating systems Apple Inc. Google Inc. Nearsoft Inc Citizens develop urban m-apps M-apps with many topics and feature are more often downloaded Investigation jayRaz loac M-apps which call for citizens engagement are often downloaded
  • 19. Hypotheses Nearsoft Inc M-apps which call for citizens engagement are often downloaded M-apps with many topics and feature are more often downloaded Equal m-apps for different operating systems Nearsoft Inc Citizens develop urban m-apps Investigation Apple Inc. Google Inc. jayRaz loac
  • 20. Typology of M-Apps: Topics # amount of m-apps categorized as (topic) Mobility Points of Interest(POI) Education Information Awareness Health Public Safety # = 263 # = 198 # = 100 # = 178 # = 61 # = 18 Results 471 m-apps in total
  • 21. Typology of M-Apps: Features # amount of m-apps categorized as (feature) # = 312 # = 253 # = 28 # = 82 # = 17 # = 16 # = 17 # = 10 GPS Map Payment Game/Achievements User Feed Real Time Information Problem Identification Problem Resolution Results 471 m-apps in total
  • 22. Points of Interest Single Topic # 221 Multi Topic # 42 Topics: Example # 263 Results
  • 23. Topics: Example Education City # 73 School/University # 27 # 100 Results
  • 24. Features: Example # m-apps with feature Game/Achievements 28 Topic: Education/City & POI/Single Topic Results
  • 25. Features: Example 10 m-apps with feature Problem Resolution 17 m-apps with feature Problem Identification Topic: Information Awareness/Government Results
  • 26. Developer Vienna 84.71% m-apps developed by government agencies Hong Kong 0% m-apps developed by government agencies Results
  • 27. Operating Systems Vienna Hong Kong # of m-apps # of m-apps 0 20 40 60 80 Mobile Web App iOS Android Windows Phone Other Mobile Device 0 20 40 60 80 Mobile Web App iOS Android Windows Phone Other Mobile Device Results 74 m-apps in total 85 m-apps in total
  • 28. More Topics/Features = More Downloads? 100-500 downloads Results 100,000-500,000 downloads 5,000-10,000 downloads
  • 29. More Topics/Features = More Downloads? 1,000,000 - 5,000,000 downloads Results
  • 30. Call for eParticipation = More Downloads? Problem Identification Problem Resolution Plantilla Awesome Inc. Jasmin Hamadeh Most m-apps with these features have 100-500 & 1.000-5.000 downloads Results
  • 31. Developer & Operating Systems VS 1 m-app 4 operating systems 1 m-app 1 operating system citizens city administration Conclusion
  • 32. Topics/Features many topics + many features ____________________ = lots of downloads P Conclusion
  • 34. Can Open Data help to improve eParticipation? FutureResearch
  • 35. Questions? Presented by: Agnes Mainka Email ME: agnes.mainka@hhu.de Tweet ME: @Agnieszka_Em Sarah Hartmann Email ME: s.hartmann@hhu.de Tweet ME: @HartmannSa ThankYou
  • 36. M-Apps References Anne‘s Amsterdam: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/annes-amsterdam/id520476666?mt=8 Bicing: https://itunes.apple.com/es/app/id303950687?mt=8 https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=es.bcn.bicing http://www.windowsphone.com/es-es/store/app/bicing/e4d0cc3a-8083-4bcc-b06c-f39619669826 http://appworld.blackberry.com/webstore/content/19182180/?lang=es Boston Citizens Connect: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=gov.cityofboston.citizensconnect Defis in Wien: https://itunes.apple.com/at/app/defis-in-wien/id577773995 Food Safety: https://itunes.apple.com/hk/app/shi-wu-an-quan-food-safety/id809676158?mt=8&l=en https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.fehd&hl=en_GB Kurzparkzonen Lite: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.stprograms.kurzparkzonenwien mDubai: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.deg.mdubai https://itunes.apple.com/app/id619712783 myENV: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=sg.gov.nea#?t=W251bGwsMSwyLDIxMiwic2cuZ292Lm5lYSJd MyObservatory: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=hko.MyObservatory_v1_0&hl=en_GB SF Trees: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.elbatrop.sftrees Sydney Culture Walks: https://itunes.apple.com/au/app/sydney-culture-walks/id818861652?mt=8 Toilets in Paris: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.magetys.sanisettes UP2CODE: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.seeclickfix.up2code.app Vienna City Bike: https://appworld.blackberry.com/webstore/content/20077963/?lang=de&countrycode=AT Wien Mobil - Stadtplan: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=at.xylem.wienmobil

Editor's Notes

  1. Schriftarten Arial Black und Underwood Champion
  2. Wo sind wir heute, was wurde bisher mit den Daten gemacht? Was gibt es theoretisch an Daten und was könnte man daraus machen? Was haben wir jetzt tatsächlich gesehen? Anreise vom Flughafen zur Konferenz mit App als Beispiel. Wie sieht es in Informationellen Städten aus? Bilder: Adroid: http://cnet4.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/2011/10/27/a66dfbb7-fdc7-11e2-8c7c-d4ae52e62bcc/android-wallpaper5_2560x1600_1.jpg
  3. Wo sind wir heute, was wurde bisher mit den Daten gemacht? Was gibt es theoretisch an Daten und was könnte man daraus machen? Was haben wir jetzt tatsächlich gesehen? Anreise vom Flughafen zur Konferenz mit App als Beispiel. Wie sieht es in Informationellen Städten aus? Bilder: Adroid: http://cnet4.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/2011/10/27/a66dfbb7-fdc7-11e2-8c7c-d4ae52e62bcc/android-wallpaper5_2560x1600_1.jpg Fahrrad: http://www.asta-hannover.de/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Fahrrad.png Baum: http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fcliparts.co%2Fcliparts%2FkTK%2FB86%2FkTKB86kzc.png&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fcliparts.co%2Fclip-art-tree&h=3842&w=3126&tbnid=mGC5P7XQakL_zM%3A&zoom=1&docid=3mzGoaUgnDwg0M&ei=GboJVbTxO8XYPbLhgLgF&tbm=isch&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=2632&page=1&start=0&ndsp=31&ved=0CD4QrQMwAw Satelit: http://www.aperfectworld.org/clipart/science_technology/satellite03.gif Auto: https://cdn2.iconfinder.com/data/icons/picons-essentials/57/car-512.png
  4. Warum nicht Vienna und HK in ein Diagramm?
  5. Warum nicht Vienna und HK in ein Diagramm?
  6. Warum nicht Vienna und HK in ein Diagramm?
  7. Warum nicht Vienna und HK in ein Diagramm?
  8. Warum nicht Vienna und HK in ein Diagramm?
  9. Warum nicht Vienna und HK in ein Diagramm?
  10. Warum nicht Vienna und HK in ein Diagramm?
  11. Warum nicht Vienna und HK in ein Diagramm?