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MALE REPRODUCTIVE
TOXICITY STUDIES
Presented by:
KHAN SABIT
Roll No: 17
Definition:
 Reproductive toxicity refers to structural and
functional alterations that affect reproductive
system in sexually mature males and females.
 It includes effects on male fertility and female
fertility and lactation.
Principle of the test:
 The test chemical is administered in graduated
doses to several groups of males and females.
 Males should be dosed for a minimum of four
weeks (28 days) and up to and including the day
before scheduled kill.
 Histopathology of the male gonads is considered
sufficient to enable detection of the majority of
effects on male fertility and spermatogenesis.
Housing and Feeding:
 Temperature 20°C (±3).
 Relative humidity 30%.
 Lighting should be artificial.
 The photoperiod being 12 hours light and 12 hours dark.
 Laboratory diets used with an unlimited supply of
drinking water.
 No more than five animals should be housed per cage.
 Pregnant females should be caged individually and
provided with nesting materials.
Procedure:
 a) Number and sex of animals:
 It is recommended that each group be started with at least 10
males and 12-13 females.
 b) Dosage:
 Generally, at least three test groups and a control group should
be used.
 Dose levels may be based on information from acute toxicity tests
and toxicokinetic data available.
 The animals are dosed with the test chemical daily for 7 days a
week.
•Male Fertility:
One rodent species (Rat)
3 dose group taken (each containing 6 adult males)
Drug treatment by clinical route for 28-72 days
Mixed with female in 1:2 ratio
Females getting pregnant should be examined after 13 days of gestation
All male animals sacrificed
Weight of testis, epididymis recorded and examined for their histology
Sperms examined for motility and morphology
Experimental Schedule:
 Dosing of both sexes should begin at least 2
weeks prior to mating.
 Dosing is continued in both sexes during the
mating period.
 Males should further be dosed after the mating
period for at least a dosing period of 28 days has
been completed.
Observations:
 Gross necropsy of males at the time of sacrifice
should be examined macroscopically for any
abnormalities or pathological changes.
 The testes and epididymis of all male adult
animals should be weighed before and after the
completion of experiment.
 Histopathology studies should be performed on the
testes and epididymis of animals.
 Sperm motility and morphology is also observed.
Data and Reporting:
 Individual animal data should be maintained.
 All the data should be summarized in tabular form.
 The time of any death or humane kill should be
reported.
 The number of animals showing signs of toxicity is
observed.
Evaluation of results:
• The findings of this toxicity study should be evaluated
in terms of the observed effects, necropsy and
microscopy findings.

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MALE REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY STUDIES(Toxicokinetics).pptx

  • 1. MALE REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY STUDIES Presented by: KHAN SABIT Roll No: 17
  • 2. Definition:  Reproductive toxicity refers to structural and functional alterations that affect reproductive system in sexually mature males and females.  It includes effects on male fertility and female fertility and lactation.
  • 3. Principle of the test:  The test chemical is administered in graduated doses to several groups of males and females.  Males should be dosed for a minimum of four weeks (28 days) and up to and including the day before scheduled kill.  Histopathology of the male gonads is considered sufficient to enable detection of the majority of effects on male fertility and spermatogenesis.
  • 4. Housing and Feeding:  Temperature 20°C (±3).  Relative humidity 30%.  Lighting should be artificial.  The photoperiod being 12 hours light and 12 hours dark.  Laboratory diets used with an unlimited supply of drinking water.  No more than five animals should be housed per cage.  Pregnant females should be caged individually and provided with nesting materials.
  • 5. Procedure:  a) Number and sex of animals:  It is recommended that each group be started with at least 10 males and 12-13 females.  b) Dosage:  Generally, at least three test groups and a control group should be used.  Dose levels may be based on information from acute toxicity tests and toxicokinetic data available.  The animals are dosed with the test chemical daily for 7 days a week.
  • 6. •Male Fertility: One rodent species (Rat) 3 dose group taken (each containing 6 adult males) Drug treatment by clinical route for 28-72 days Mixed with female in 1:2 ratio Females getting pregnant should be examined after 13 days of gestation
  • 7. All male animals sacrificed Weight of testis, epididymis recorded and examined for their histology Sperms examined for motility and morphology
  • 8. Experimental Schedule:  Dosing of both sexes should begin at least 2 weeks prior to mating.  Dosing is continued in both sexes during the mating period.  Males should further be dosed after the mating period for at least a dosing period of 28 days has been completed.
  • 9.
  • 10. Observations:  Gross necropsy of males at the time of sacrifice should be examined macroscopically for any abnormalities or pathological changes.  The testes and epididymis of all male adult animals should be weighed before and after the completion of experiment.  Histopathology studies should be performed on the testes and epididymis of animals.  Sperm motility and morphology is also observed.
  • 11. Data and Reporting:  Individual animal data should be maintained.  All the data should be summarized in tabular form.  The time of any death or humane kill should be reported.  The number of animals showing signs of toxicity is observed. Evaluation of results: • The findings of this toxicity study should be evaluated in terms of the observed effects, necropsy and microscopy findings.