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SSG Clutter, Jason C.
1st TMCA, TMCC
“First To Move”
TASK, CONDITIONS, STANDARDS
• TASK: To familiarize the soldier with the
M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW).
• CONDITION: Given a block of
instructions, M249 SAW, and motivation.
• STANDARD: To disassemble, separate
into proper grouping, and reassemble the
M249 SAW correctly with no deficiencies.
M 249 SAW
• Features: The Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW), or
5.56mm M249 is an individually portable, gas operated,
magazine or disintegrating metallic link-belt fed, light
machine gun with fixed headspace and quick change barrel
feature. The M249 engages point targets out to 800 meters,
firing the improved NATO standard 5.56mm cartridge.
The SAW forms the basis of firepower for the fire team. The
gunner has the option of using 30-round M16 magazines or
linked ammunition from pre-loaded 200-round plastic
magazines. The gunner's basic load is 600 rounds of linked
ammunition.
M 249 SAW
• Background: The SAW was developed through an
initially Army-led research and development effort and
eventually a Joint NDO program in the late 1970s/early
1980s to restore sustained and accurate automatic weapons
fire to the fire team and squad. When actually fielded in the
mid-1980s, the SAW was issued as a one-for-one
replacement for the designated "automatic rifle" (M16A1)
in the Fire Team. In this regard, the SAW filled the void
created by the retirement of the Browning Automatic Rifle
(BAR) during the 1950s because interim automatic weapons
(e.g. M-14E2/M16A1) had failed as viable "base of fire"
weapons.
M 249 SAW
Background Con’t. -
• Early in the SAW's fielding, the Army identified the need for a
Product Improvement Program (PIP) to enhance the weapon. This
effort resulted in a "PIP kit" which modifies the barrel, handguard,
stock, pistol grip, buffer, and sights.
The M249 machine gun is an ideal complementary weapon system for
the infantry squad platoon. It is light enough to be carried and
operated by one man, and can be fired from the hip in an assault, even
when loaded with a 200-round ammunition box. The barrel change
facility ensures that it can continue to fire for long periods. The US
Army has conducted strenuous trials on the M249 MG, showing that
this weapon has a reliability factor that is well above that of most
other small arms weapon systems. Today, the US Army and Marine
Corps utilize the license-produced M249 SAW.
Primary function: Hand-held combat machine gun
Manufacturer: Fabrique Nationale Manufacturing, Inc.
Length: 40.75 inches (103.81 centimeters)
Weight:
With bipod and tools: 17.00 pounds (7.718 kilograms)
200-round box magazine: 6.92 pounds (3.14 kilograms)
30-round magazine: 1.07 pounds (.49 kilograms)
Bore diameter: 5.56mm (.233 inches)
Maximum effective range: 3281 feet (1000 meters) for an area target
Maximum range: 3600 Meters
Rates of fire:
Cyclic: 725 rounds per minute
Sustained: 50 rounds per minute
Unit Replacement Cost: $4,087
M 249 SAW
Major Components
1) Barrel Assembly (to include Gas Regulator)
2) Heat shield
3) Receiver Assembly (to include Rear Sight Assembly, Cover and
Feed Tray Mechanism Assembly, Feed Pawl Assembly, and
Cocking Handle Assembly)
4) Buttstock and Buffer Assembly
5) Bolt Assembly (to include Slide Assembly and Piston Assembly)
6) Rod Assembly (to include Spring)
7) Trigger Mechanism Assembly
8) Hand Guard Assembly
9) Sling and Snap Hook Assembly
10) Bipod Assembly
11) Gas Cylinder Assembly
Major Component Pictures
Barrel Assembly
(To include Gas
Regulator)
Heat shield Receiver Assembly (To include
Rear Sight, Cover and Feed
Tray Mechanism, Feed Pawl,
And Cocking Handle
Assembly)
Major Component Pictures
Buttstock &
Buffer Assembly
Bolt Assembly (To
Include Slide &
Piston Assembly)
Rod Assembly (To
Include Spring)
Major Component Pictures
Hand Guard
Sling & Snap
Hook Assembly Bipod Leg
Assembly
Firing Techniques
Prone Position:
Notice her non-firing hands position
& the placement of her cheek.
Kneeling Position:
Notice the weapon is fired the
same way the M16A2 is fired.
Disassemble M249
1) Clear Weapon
2) Ensure bolt is forward and feed tray is closed
3) Separate parts into proper grouping
To clear Weapon:
1) Charge weapon (pull cocking handle rearward). Be sure bolt is
locked in rear position. Push charging handle forward until you
hear it click.
2) Push Safety to right (No RED band visible)
3) Raise Feed Tray Assembly. Look for any debris inside chamber,
magazine well and Feed Pawl Assembly. Close Cover Assembly,
and ensure it locks in place.
4) Place Safety to left (RED band visible). Hold cocking handle to
rear, pull trigger, and ride bolt forward to close and lock.
Disassembled M249
Gas Regulator
Buffer Assembly
Assemble M249
1) Assemble M249
2) Perform function check
To Perform Function Check:
1) Ensure safety is to left (RED band visible) and charge weapon by pulling
the cocking handle to the rear to lock the bolt (cock the weapon). Push
cocking handle forward until you hear it click.
2) Push safety to the right (RED band not visible).
3) Pull the trigger (Nothing should happen).
4) Push safety to left (RED band visible). Pull charging handle to the rear and
pull the trigger riding the bolt forward, simultaneously watching link exit
the weapon.
5) Pull cocking handle to rear locking the bolt in place and placing it on safe
(RED band not visible). Clear the weapon using the procedures for
clearing the M249.
6) Push safety to left (RED band visible). Pull cocking handle to the rear.
Pull the trigger and ride the bolt forward.
Assembled M249
Check on Learning
Q) What is the maximum range of the M249 to an area target?
A) 1000 meters
Q) What does SAW stand for when talking about the M249?
A) Squad Automatic Weapon
Q) What are two of the three positions you can fire the M249?
A) Kneeling, Prone, or Hip
THE END
Thank You!!!!!
TAKE A BREAK

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m249-saw PMI To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW).

  • 1. SSG Clutter, Jason C. 1st TMCA, TMCC “First To Move”
  • 2. TASK, CONDITIONS, STANDARDS • TASK: To familiarize the soldier with the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW). • CONDITION: Given a block of instructions, M249 SAW, and motivation. • STANDARD: To disassemble, separate into proper grouping, and reassemble the M249 SAW correctly with no deficiencies.
  • 3. M 249 SAW • Features: The Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW), or 5.56mm M249 is an individually portable, gas operated, magazine or disintegrating metallic link-belt fed, light machine gun with fixed headspace and quick change barrel feature. The M249 engages point targets out to 800 meters, firing the improved NATO standard 5.56mm cartridge. The SAW forms the basis of firepower for the fire team. The gunner has the option of using 30-round M16 magazines or linked ammunition from pre-loaded 200-round plastic magazines. The gunner's basic load is 600 rounds of linked ammunition.
  • 4. M 249 SAW • Background: The SAW was developed through an initially Army-led research and development effort and eventually a Joint NDO program in the late 1970s/early 1980s to restore sustained and accurate automatic weapons fire to the fire team and squad. When actually fielded in the mid-1980s, the SAW was issued as a one-for-one replacement for the designated "automatic rifle" (M16A1) in the Fire Team. In this regard, the SAW filled the void created by the retirement of the Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) during the 1950s because interim automatic weapons (e.g. M-14E2/M16A1) had failed as viable "base of fire" weapons.
  • 5. M 249 SAW Background Con’t. - • Early in the SAW's fielding, the Army identified the need for a Product Improvement Program (PIP) to enhance the weapon. This effort resulted in a "PIP kit" which modifies the barrel, handguard, stock, pistol grip, buffer, and sights. The M249 machine gun is an ideal complementary weapon system for the infantry squad platoon. It is light enough to be carried and operated by one man, and can be fired from the hip in an assault, even when loaded with a 200-round ammunition box. The barrel change facility ensures that it can continue to fire for long periods. The US Army has conducted strenuous trials on the M249 MG, showing that this weapon has a reliability factor that is well above that of most other small arms weapon systems. Today, the US Army and Marine Corps utilize the license-produced M249 SAW.
  • 6. Primary function: Hand-held combat machine gun Manufacturer: Fabrique Nationale Manufacturing, Inc. Length: 40.75 inches (103.81 centimeters) Weight: With bipod and tools: 17.00 pounds (7.718 kilograms) 200-round box magazine: 6.92 pounds (3.14 kilograms) 30-round magazine: 1.07 pounds (.49 kilograms) Bore diameter: 5.56mm (.233 inches) Maximum effective range: 3281 feet (1000 meters) for an area target Maximum range: 3600 Meters Rates of fire: Cyclic: 725 rounds per minute Sustained: 50 rounds per minute Unit Replacement Cost: $4,087 M 249 SAW
  • 7. Major Components 1) Barrel Assembly (to include Gas Regulator) 2) Heat shield 3) Receiver Assembly (to include Rear Sight Assembly, Cover and Feed Tray Mechanism Assembly, Feed Pawl Assembly, and Cocking Handle Assembly) 4) Buttstock and Buffer Assembly 5) Bolt Assembly (to include Slide Assembly and Piston Assembly) 6) Rod Assembly (to include Spring) 7) Trigger Mechanism Assembly 8) Hand Guard Assembly 9) Sling and Snap Hook Assembly 10) Bipod Assembly 11) Gas Cylinder Assembly
  • 8. Major Component Pictures Barrel Assembly (To include Gas Regulator) Heat shield Receiver Assembly (To include Rear Sight, Cover and Feed Tray Mechanism, Feed Pawl, And Cocking Handle Assembly)
  • 9. Major Component Pictures Buttstock & Buffer Assembly Bolt Assembly (To Include Slide & Piston Assembly) Rod Assembly (To Include Spring)
  • 10. Major Component Pictures Hand Guard Sling & Snap Hook Assembly Bipod Leg Assembly
  • 11. Firing Techniques Prone Position: Notice her non-firing hands position & the placement of her cheek. Kneeling Position: Notice the weapon is fired the same way the M16A2 is fired.
  • 12. Disassemble M249 1) Clear Weapon 2) Ensure bolt is forward and feed tray is closed 3) Separate parts into proper grouping To clear Weapon: 1) Charge weapon (pull cocking handle rearward). Be sure bolt is locked in rear position. Push charging handle forward until you hear it click. 2) Push Safety to right (No RED band visible) 3) Raise Feed Tray Assembly. Look for any debris inside chamber, magazine well and Feed Pawl Assembly. Close Cover Assembly, and ensure it locks in place. 4) Place Safety to left (RED band visible). Hold cocking handle to rear, pull trigger, and ride bolt forward to close and lock.
  • 14. Assemble M249 1) Assemble M249 2) Perform function check To Perform Function Check: 1) Ensure safety is to left (RED band visible) and charge weapon by pulling the cocking handle to the rear to lock the bolt (cock the weapon). Push cocking handle forward until you hear it click. 2) Push safety to the right (RED band not visible). 3) Pull the trigger (Nothing should happen). 4) Push safety to left (RED band visible). Pull charging handle to the rear and pull the trigger riding the bolt forward, simultaneously watching link exit the weapon. 5) Pull cocking handle to rear locking the bolt in place and placing it on safe (RED band not visible). Clear the weapon using the procedures for clearing the M249. 6) Push safety to left (RED band visible). Pull cocking handle to the rear. Pull the trigger and ride the bolt forward.
  • 16. Check on Learning Q) What is the maximum range of the M249 to an area target? A) 1000 meters Q) What does SAW stand for when talking about the M249? A) Squad Automatic Weapon Q) What are two of the three positions you can fire the M249? A) Kneeling, Prone, or Hip