SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 7
Download to read offline
Lifestyle & Risk Factors,
Prevention, Statistics
Sudeb Ganguly
(MBBS 2080217), KIMS BBSR
Introduction
It’s the other name for gallstone.
Cholelithiasis
Inflammation of gall bladder.
Cholecystitis
Cholangitis
Inflammation of the bile duct.
Lifestyle & Risk Factors
1) More common in female than male
2) Fair
3) Fat (obese)
4) Above forty years of age
5) Fertile, family history
6) Certain medications like OCPs
7) High caloric & fat diet
8) Fasting/irregular frequency of food intake
9) a/w haemolytic disorders like SCA (in paediatric
patient)
10) Liver d/s, diabetes, multiparity
Risk Factors
LITHOGENIC BILE STASIS/HYPOMOBILITY NUCLEATION
1) Obesity 1) Pregnancy 1) Infection
2) Increased cholesterol
3) Post ileal resection
2) Oral contraceptive pills
3) TPN
4) Rapid weight loss
5) Post vagotomy
2) Clonorchis
3) Cholangitis
4) Ascariasis
4) High caloric diet
10) Prophylactic use of ursodeoxycholic acid tablets
Prevention
1) Sipping more water
2) Choose fat-free/low fat foods
3) Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables
4) High fibre, high calcium (reduces input of
5) Promoting physical activities, exercises
6) Ingestion of meals at regular intervals
7) Elimination of obesity
deoxycholic acid) diet
8) Discouraging rapid wt. Loss & such Sx
9) Avoid unnecessary use of OCPs
(since sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor)
Statistics
01
Gall stone
prevalence in
India - 6.12%
02
Indian
male(3.07%) &
female(9.6%)
03
UP, Bihar, Odisha,
WB, Assam, other
northern &
northeastern
states of India are
endemic zones
04
Odisha - Cuttack,
kenderapara,
Bhubaneswar,
Baleshwar,
Jagatpur, angul
05
10-15% of
western
population
06
>80%
asymptomatic
Thank you.

More Related Content

Similar to Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) Lifestyle, Risk factors, preventions.pdf

Oct 24 CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae Kim
Oct 24   CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae KimOct 24   CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae Kim
Oct 24 CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae KimGlenna Gosewich
 
What is the epidemiological evidence linking early life events and cancer ris...
What is the epidemiological evidence linking early life events and cancer ris...What is the epidemiological evidence linking early life events and cancer ris...
What is the epidemiological evidence linking early life events and cancer ris...World Cancer Research Fund International
 
Gallbladder Disease in Children.pptx
Gallbladder Disease in Children.pptxGallbladder Disease in Children.pptx
Gallbladder Disease in Children.pptxIndraPrima3
 
Obesity SEMINAR (1).pptx
Obesity SEMINAR (1).pptxObesity SEMINAR (1).pptx
Obesity SEMINAR (1).pptxafrinantora
 
Polikistik Over Sendromu - PCOS - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
Polikistik Over Sendromu - PCOS - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com Polikistik Over Sendromu - PCOS - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
Polikistik Over Sendromu - PCOS - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com jinekolojivegebelik.com
 
Management of INFERTILITY in PCOD Difficulties & Solutions Made Easy , Dr....
Management of INFERTILITY in PCOD Difficulties & SolutionsMade Easy , Dr....Management of INFERTILITY in PCOD Difficulties & SolutionsMade Easy , Dr....
Management of INFERTILITY in PCOD Difficulties & Solutions Made Easy , Dr....Lifecare Centre
 
Guidelines For Management Of Adolescent PCOS
Guidelines For Management Of  Adolescent PCOSGuidelines For Management Of  Adolescent PCOS
Guidelines For Management Of Adolescent PCOSMohammad Emam
 
Ayurvedic Approach Towards Gall Stone & A Case Study
Ayurvedic Approach Towards Gall Stone & A Case Study Ayurvedic Approach Towards Gall Stone & A Case Study
Ayurvedic Approach Towards Gall Stone & A Case Study Ayurveda Network, BHU
 
OCCURANCE OF E.coli AND Klebbsiella in diabetes
OCCURANCE OF E.coli AND Klebbsiella in diabetesOCCURANCE OF E.coli AND Klebbsiella in diabetes
OCCURANCE OF E.coli AND Klebbsiella in diabetesAnanyaBiswas65
 
Nutrition and life span
Nutrition and life spanNutrition and life span
Nutrition and life spanMadhumita Sen
 
Adolescent poly cystic ovary (PCO)
Adolescent poly cystic ovary (PCO)Adolescent poly cystic ovary (PCO)
Adolescent poly cystic ovary (PCO)Wael Mohamed
 
Obesity in female infertility by dr. sharda jain, Dr. jyoti Agarwal , Dr. Jyo...
Obesity in female infertility by dr. sharda jain, Dr. jyoti Agarwal , Dr. Jyo...Obesity in female infertility by dr. sharda jain, Dr. jyoti Agarwal , Dr. Jyo...
Obesity in female infertility by dr. sharda jain, Dr. jyoti Agarwal , Dr. Jyo...Lifecare Centre
 
Cholecystitis in Overweight Mexican American Children 08-2013
Cholecystitis in Overweight Mexican American Children 08-2013Cholecystitis in Overweight Mexican American Children 08-2013
Cholecystitis in Overweight Mexican American Children 08-2013Francisco J. Cervantes, MD, FAAP
 
Global Epidemiology Of Obesity
Global Epidemiology Of ObesityGlobal Epidemiology Of Obesity
Global Epidemiology Of ObesityDr Sumeet Shah
 
Nutrition in Ulcerative Colitis
Nutrition in Ulcerative ColitisNutrition in Ulcerative Colitis
Nutrition in Ulcerative ColitisKritika Gupta
 

Similar to Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) Lifestyle, Risk factors, preventions.pdf (20)

Oct 24 CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae Kim
Oct 24   CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae KimOct 24   CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae Kim
Oct 24 CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae Kim
 
Oct 24 CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae Kim
Oct 24 CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae KimOct 24 CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae Kim
Oct 24 CAPHC Lunch Symposium - Sponsored by Prolacta - Dr. Jae Kim
 
What is the epidemiological evidence linking early life events and cancer ris...
What is the epidemiological evidence linking early life events and cancer ris...What is the epidemiological evidence linking early life events and cancer ris...
What is the epidemiological evidence linking early life events and cancer ris...
 
Gallbladder Disease in Children.pptx
Gallbladder Disease in Children.pptxGallbladder Disease in Children.pptx
Gallbladder Disease in Children.pptx
 
Obesity SEMINAR (1).pptx
Obesity SEMINAR (1).pptxObesity SEMINAR (1).pptx
Obesity SEMINAR (1).pptx
 
Colon cancer final
Colon cancer finalColon cancer final
Colon cancer final
 
Gestational Diabetes
Gestational DiabetesGestational Diabetes
Gestational Diabetes
 
Polikistik Over Sendromu - PCOS - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
Polikistik Over Sendromu - PCOS - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com Polikistik Over Sendromu - PCOS - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
Polikistik Over Sendromu - PCOS - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
 
Management of INFERTILITY in PCOD Difficulties & Solutions Made Easy , Dr....
Management of INFERTILITY in PCOD Difficulties & SolutionsMade Easy , Dr....Management of INFERTILITY in PCOD Difficulties & SolutionsMade Easy , Dr....
Management of INFERTILITY in PCOD Difficulties & Solutions Made Easy , Dr....
 
Guidelines For Management Of Adolescent PCOS
Guidelines For Management Of  Adolescent PCOSGuidelines For Management Of  Adolescent PCOS
Guidelines For Management Of Adolescent PCOS
 
Ayurvedic Approach Towards Gall Stone & A Case Study
Ayurvedic Approach Towards Gall Stone & A Case Study Ayurvedic Approach Towards Gall Stone & A Case Study
Ayurvedic Approach Towards Gall Stone & A Case Study
 
Obesity1.pptx
Obesity1.pptxObesity1.pptx
Obesity1.pptx
 
OCCURANCE OF E.coli AND Klebbsiella in diabetes
OCCURANCE OF E.coli AND Klebbsiella in diabetesOCCURANCE OF E.coli AND Klebbsiella in diabetes
OCCURANCE OF E.coli AND Klebbsiella in diabetes
 
Nutrition and life span
Nutrition and life spanNutrition and life span
Nutrition and life span
 
Adolescent poly cystic ovary (PCO)
Adolescent poly cystic ovary (PCO)Adolescent poly cystic ovary (PCO)
Adolescent poly cystic ovary (PCO)
 
Obesity in female infertility by dr. sharda jain, Dr. jyoti Agarwal , Dr. Jyo...
Obesity in female infertility by dr. sharda jain, Dr. jyoti Agarwal , Dr. Jyo...Obesity in female infertility by dr. sharda jain, Dr. jyoti Agarwal , Dr. Jyo...
Obesity in female infertility by dr. sharda jain, Dr. jyoti Agarwal , Dr. Jyo...
 
Cholecystitis in Overweight Mexican American Children 08-2013
Cholecystitis in Overweight Mexican American Children 08-2013Cholecystitis in Overweight Mexican American Children 08-2013
Cholecystitis in Overweight Mexican American Children 08-2013
 
Global Epidemiology Of Obesity
Global Epidemiology Of ObesityGlobal Epidemiology Of Obesity
Global Epidemiology Of Obesity
 
Pcos in adolescents
Pcos in adolescentsPcos in adolescents
Pcos in adolescents
 
Nutrition in Ulcerative Colitis
Nutrition in Ulcerative ColitisNutrition in Ulcerative Colitis
Nutrition in Ulcerative Colitis
 

Recently uploaded

Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxPresentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxpdamico1
 
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.Prerana Jadhav
 
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurMETHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurNavdeep Kaur
 
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfPlant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfDivya Kanojiya
 
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.pptRheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.pptraviapr7
 
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxHypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxAkshay Shetty
 
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)MohamadAlhes
 
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus -SLE PT2.ppt
Systemic  Lupus  Erythematosus -SLE PT2.pptSystemic  Lupus  Erythematosus -SLE PT2.ppt
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus -SLE PT2.pptraviapr7
 
Big Data Analysis Suggests COVID Vaccination Increases Excess Mortality Of ...
Big Data Analysis Suggests COVID  Vaccination Increases Excess Mortality Of  ...Big Data Analysis Suggests COVID  Vaccination Increases Excess Mortality Of  ...
Big Data Analysis Suggests COVID Vaccination Increases Excess Mortality Of ...sdateam0
 
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptxThe next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptxTina Purnat
 
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-KnowledgeGiftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledgeassessoriafabianodea
 
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxL1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxDr Bilal Natiq
 
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxCulture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfBasic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfDivya Kanojiya
 
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdfSGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdfHongBiThi1
 
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...Dr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxSHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxAbhishek943418
 
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxScreening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxtadehabte
 
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience ClassNutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Classmanuelazg2001
 
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiIntroduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiGoogle
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxPresentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
 
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
Presentation on General Anesthetics pdf.
 
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurMETHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
 
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdfPlant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
Plant Fibres used as Surgical Dressings PDF.pdf
 
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.pptRheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
 
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxHypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
 
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein antibody associated disease (MOGAD)
 
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus -SLE PT2.ppt
Systemic  Lupus  Erythematosus -SLE PT2.pptSystemic  Lupus  Erythematosus -SLE PT2.ppt
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus -SLE PT2.ppt
 
Big Data Analysis Suggests COVID Vaccination Increases Excess Mortality Of ...
Big Data Analysis Suggests COVID  Vaccination Increases Excess Mortality Of  ...Big Data Analysis Suggests COVID  Vaccination Increases Excess Mortality Of  ...
Big Data Analysis Suggests COVID Vaccination Increases Excess Mortality Of ...
 
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptxThe next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
 
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-KnowledgeGiftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
 
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxL1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
 
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptxCulture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
Culture and Health Disorders Social change.pptx
 
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdfBasic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
Basic principles involved in the traditional systems of medicine PDF.pdf
 
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdfSGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
 
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
Units of Radiation Measurements, Quality Specification, Half-Value Thickness,...
 
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptxSHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
SHOCK (Medical SURGICAL BASED EDITION)).pptx
 
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptxScreening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
Screening for colorectal cancer AAU.pptx
 
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience ClassNutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
 
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali RaiIntroduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
Introduction to Sports Injuries by- Dr. Anjali Rai
 

Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) Lifestyle, Risk factors, preventions.pdf

  • 1. Lifestyle & Risk Factors, Prevention, Statistics Sudeb Ganguly (MBBS 2080217), KIMS BBSR
  • 2. Introduction It’s the other name for gallstone. Cholelithiasis Inflammation of gall bladder. Cholecystitis Cholangitis Inflammation of the bile duct.
  • 3. Lifestyle & Risk Factors 1) More common in female than male 2) Fair 3) Fat (obese) 4) Above forty years of age 5) Fertile, family history 6) Certain medications like OCPs 7) High caloric & fat diet 8) Fasting/irregular frequency of food intake 9) a/w haemolytic disorders like SCA (in paediatric patient) 10) Liver d/s, diabetes, multiparity
  • 4. Risk Factors LITHOGENIC BILE STASIS/HYPOMOBILITY NUCLEATION 1) Obesity 1) Pregnancy 1) Infection 2) Increased cholesterol 3) Post ileal resection 2) Oral contraceptive pills 3) TPN 4) Rapid weight loss 5) Post vagotomy 2) Clonorchis 3) Cholangitis 4) Ascariasis 4) High caloric diet
  • 5. 10) Prophylactic use of ursodeoxycholic acid tablets Prevention 1) Sipping more water 2) Choose fat-free/low fat foods 3) Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables 4) High fibre, high calcium (reduces input of 5) Promoting physical activities, exercises 6) Ingestion of meals at regular intervals 7) Elimination of obesity deoxycholic acid) diet 8) Discouraging rapid wt. Loss & such Sx 9) Avoid unnecessary use of OCPs (since sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor)
  • 6. Statistics 01 Gall stone prevalence in India - 6.12% 02 Indian male(3.07%) & female(9.6%) 03 UP, Bihar, Odisha, WB, Assam, other northern & northeastern states of India are endemic zones 04 Odisha - Cuttack, kenderapara, Bhubaneswar, Baleshwar, Jagatpur, angul 05 10-15% of western population 06 >80% asymptomatic