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CharacterFormation:
Humanness&Spirituality
• Jesus was both fully God and fully man.
• To be fully spiritual is to be fully human
• To be mature in Christ is to be fully human
• To be mature in Christ is to have a complete
godly character.
Part1:Classical
Virtues
What are the 7 Godly Virtues?
What are the 7 Deadly Sins?
How do Virtues and Values
Differ?
2
Catholic vs Evangelical
Foundations to Spirituality
Evangelicalism
• Is founded on a multiplying web of revivals around
the globe, growing out of Franciscan, then Pietist
revivals
• The presence of the Spirit is core to our
understanding of spiritual growth or Sanctification.
• Spirituality is thus an outworking of his
overwhelming presence.
• That presence brings inner values change
3
The tendency: Its all God’s work
Different perspectives on the Holy Spirit result in different approaches to spirituality
Catholic vs Evangelical
Foundations to Spirituality
Based on the idea of the Spirit, as the Spirit of Wisdom and
Understanding, who brings discernment, Catholic
Spirituality places heavy emphasis on academic education
as the foundation of spirituality and values are a significant
theme - a major contribution.
• With a historic antipathy to outbreaks of revival
there has been a historic avoidance in many
Catholic circles of the “enthusiasms” of the Spirit
• Education builds values imposed from the outside,
external norms imposed by society through
education.
• (Though there are also Catholic orders of the Holy
Spirit who seek various patterns of mysticism).
4
This is valuable as Catholic spiritual
Formation thus show us how to engage
the human dimensions of spirituality.
7GodlyVirtues
The Three Pauline Virtues
The Four Classical Greek Virtues (or
are they all Jesus’ Values?)
5
Faith
Hope
Love
Temperance
Understanding
Wisdom
Prudence
What elements
make up a good or
moral person?
Each virtue can be
analyzed in terms
of feelings,
behaviors and
skills How are they
released in a
city?
Classical GreekVirtues
6
Prudence: The Habit of choosing the right
means to achieve worthy ends
Justice: The Habit of rendering the other
his/her rights
Temperance: The Habit of moderation in the
use of pleasurable things
Fortitude: The Habit of restraining fear or
moderation of rash behavior in the face of
danger or difficulty
Classical GreekVirtues:What Makes the Moral Man?
7
Subjective Parts: Sub-categories of the virtues that are
distinct from each other
Potential parts: Virtues related to the Cardinal Virtue, but
are not complete expressions of the cardinal virtue
Integral Parts: Conditions and actions that are necessary to
perfect the virtue as a habit.
Classical GreekVirtues
8
9
SevenCardinal
Sins
10
Seven deadly sins, also called seven capital
sins or seven cardinal sins, in Roman
Catholic theology, the seven vices that spur
other sins and further immoral behavior.
First enumerated by Pope Gregory I (the
Great) in the 6th century and elaborated in
the 13th century by St. Thomas Aquinas
Note; The Catholic church calls them deadly
(unforgivable) sins, but the Bible does not.
All sin leads to death.
SevenCardinalSins SevenVirtues
11
(1) pride
(2) greed, or covetousness
(3) lust, or inordinate or illicit
sexual desire
(4) envy
(5) gluttony, including drunkenness
(6) anger
(7) sloth
Each of these can be overcome with
the seven corresponding virtues of:
(1) humility
(2) charity
(3) Chastity
(4) gratitude
(5) temperance
(6) Patience
(7) diligence
Put off the old nature Put on the new nature (Ephesians 4:22-24)
Expanding the List ofVirtues
• Each culture defines its own ideal
virtues
• Each religion defines its own ideal
virtues
• And there are universal virtues:
Love, Truthfulness, Fairness
(Justice), Freedom, Unity,
Tolerance, Responsibility, Respect
for Life (Research in Kidder,
Rushworth M. (1994). Shared
Values for a Troubled World.
Jossey-Bass
12
What are five) virtues central to your
culture?
Three Views: What is the Goal of Virtues &
Their Relationship to the Public Sphere
(the Heart of the City)?
1. Self-Actualization - Aristotle:
Happiness.
2. Cultural Determinism: Thomas Hobbes
(1588-1679), Baruch Spinoza: Self-
preservation determines virtues.
3. Societal Norms: Immanuel Kant:
internal knowledge of virtue is
connected to an obligation to external
societal norms...
A
Virtuous
City?
13
DifferentiatingVirtues and
Values
They are often used interchangeably,
but are they the same?
• Virtues and values are ideals
expressed as priorities
• A Subset: Virtues are narrower in
scope than Values. They have
specific ends in mind.
• Values are aspirational. Our reality
may not reflect our values.
14
Process:Valuesformcharacter
.
Thewaywethinkdetermineswhowe
become.
Buthowdotheserelatetothefruitofthe
spirit?Tothemarksofdarkness?
Orarethesesimplytobe“puton”and
“putoff“byourselves?
15
16
Other CharacterValues (Virtues)
in the Scriptures
The Old and New Testament affirm
many other values
• Paul rejects speaking in tongues
(and other gifts) as the sign of
spirituality and composes the
greatest writings on the nature of
love in 1 Cor 13
• He links these in faith, hope and
love – adding two directional values
• Values are aspirational. Hope and
faith are aspirations as to a better
future
17
OtherValues –Which are Biblical
• From the Virtues Project Inernational
18
Part2:Progressions
Psychologicaland
EducationalTheories
ofDevelopment
Most have significant basis in
analysis, some are purely
theories that became popular.
19
20
How do Values affect our becoming
fully Human, fully mature in Christ?
The directional values of hope and
faith lead to the question as to a
progression of values development,
lifelong expansion of values.
Fowler’s Question: What are the Stages of
Personal Spiritual (Mystical) Development?
1. Over 100 years what are developmental stages of life?
2. What are the stages of spiritual growth?
3. How do these map onto each other? Do they?
Stage 1
Prebirth
Stage 2 Early
Childhood
Stage 3
Childhood
Stage 4
Youth
Stage 5
Adulthood
Urban Leadership Foundation/ Anthropological Spirituality 021
Photo: 1924 My Mother, Grandmother, Great
Grandmother. How have these three
generations and their spirituality impacted my
progressions of growth?
The Question:
DRAW A LIFE
PHASES
ROADMAP
How many phases?
What are the
Milestones?
What are the
Transitions?
BIRTH Q1
Transition 1
Milestone description
Q2
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
Q3
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
Q4
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
YOUTH
Q1
Transition 2
Milestone description
Q2
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
Q3
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
Q4
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
EARLY
ADULT
HOOD
Q1
Transition 3
Milestone description
Q2
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
Q3
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
Q4
MILESTONETITLE
Milestone description
OLD
AGE
022
Multiple theories from multiple
disciplines
1. Piaget’s educational theories.
2. Kohlberg and Moral Development
23
• An educational theorist
• Values emerge through a
developmental process
• Just as cognitive skills develop so does
our ability to choose right from wrong.
Comparison of
Infrastructural
Models:
3.Erikson’s Life-Cycle
Stages
4. Kohlberg’s Stages
of Moral
Development
24
Comparison of
Erikson’s and
Kohlberg’s
Models (2)
25
5. Maslow’s Hierarchy
of Needs
But the level of community
psychological health factors into the
level of development.
Premise: Before a person can
engage in higher values such as
justice they must meet their basic
needs such as food and shelter. But
there is no research basis for one
level leading to the next.
• .
• .
• .
26
Part3:Integrationof
Theories
Isthereameta-theory?
27
Integration -TheTonna-Hall Inventory
An Anglican Priest-psychologist and a Catholic
Monsignor built on these theories to develop the
Tonna-Hall inventory of 132 value pairs.
• They then arranged them according to phases of life
• They analysed the turning points or paradigm shifts between
phases
• They applied them to group formation of collective values in
organizations or movements.
• They did research along the way, but the foundations of these
theories is shaky as they pulled from multiple sources, and the
complexity of trying to integrate them into a grand theory is
likely beyond human capacities.
• But it allows us a valuable opportunity to consider lifelong
values formation
• We still are not yet answering, “how does the Holy Spirit form
such values within us and our people?”
28
Tonna-Hall
Inventory and
Your Inner Urban
Journey
They integrated six
perspectives from
Psychology, Education
and Spiritual Growth
Theory as to the various
phases of life.
Tonna and Hall identified
132 universal value pairs
and how these develop at
each of these six stages
29
30
31
Part 4: Urban Spirituality: How
do our values impact the
Urban Context at various life
stages?
??? Comparison of EconomicValues and SpiritualValues
Values are an ethereal idea, formed in
philosophy, education, psychology….
If the Kingdom is both the redemption of
our Humanness and of our relationship to
the Land, what values are distinctly earthy
in our Christianity?
It is the Spirit who generates Values
Creative spirit, the Spirit of fruitfulness, who
strengthens our work, brings rest to our
souls, creates community, superintends the
structuring of the universe….
Ten Economic Values
Creativity, productivity, work and rest,
cooperative economics, management,
redistribution, ownership etc…
32
Not just inner moral values
Not just social moral values
How do these relate to our urban
context?
If the Kingdom is both the redemption of our humanness
and of our relationship to the land, what values are
distinctly earthy in our Christianity?
Do these exist in:
• Islam?
• Hinduism?
• Pentecostalism?
• Presbyterianism?
• Liberation Theology?
33
e.g. Environmental Spirituality?
34
Or How Does the
Urban Context Impact
these Life Stages and
Values?
Our anthropological
spirituality is impacted
by our sociological
realities
Part 5: How does the Holy Spirit build these values across a lifetime?
Inner Values Life’s transitions Leadership Formation
• Christ is our Life: His spirit
brings life to our mortal
bodies (Romans 8:11)
• He is all and in all
• His character increasingly
becomes our character as
we bury ourselves in the
word and his presence (Gal
5:22,23).
35
• The Spirit is our counsellor
and comforter (John
14:15), our healer, taking
the traumas and tragedies
of life and converting
them into character (1
Peter 1:3-5).
• He smooths the rough
places
• He leads us and guides us,
both besides still waters
and in the shadow of
death (Psalm 23).
• As we go downwards in service, he
manifests himself to us through the
Spirit (John 12:24-26)
• The fruit of the Spirit (Gal 5:22,23)
becomes the fruit of our lives (John
15:16).
• He glorifies the Father in and through
us (John 16:13).
• The stream of living water becomes
the healing of the nations in that
bride of Christ (Rev 22:1,2), like salt
and light (Matt 5:13-16)
incrementally redeeming the nations.
• The Spirit groans for the restoration
of the whole creation (Romans
8:22,23).
Expansion ofValues: EstablishingValues
from individual to community to movement to nations
36
20YY 20YY 20YY 20YY 20YY
Development ofValues overTime
• Values for Self: In early years master the scriptures
(inner values, spiritual discipleship)
• Values in Business: In our young adult years, master
economic realities (ten economic principles, economic
discipleship)
• Values Multiplication through Movement Leadership: In
middle years master the disciplines of a movement
(social values)
• National Values Leadership: In later years disciplines of
interconnectivity (discipling nations)
• Global Spiral of Values: In final years, master
philosophies (power conflict) In sociology, Alan Webster
integrates multiple theories
Part 6:The End Result of the Pilgrimage: Fully Mature in Christ
• Christ formed in us
• The Father Glorified
• When we see you, we see Jesus
• Maturity in Christ
• At each stage
37
• Fellowship with Christ
• Friendship with God
• All things Reconciled in Christ
• The Creation restored
• Humanity Redeemed
• We have touched a million people
Readings
• Kelcourse, Felicity. 2015. Human Development and Faith:
Life-Cycle Stages of Body, Mind, and Soul. 2nd Edn.
• Fowler, James. 1981. Stages of Faith. Harper and Row.
• Kohlberg, Lawrence. 1981. The Philosophy of Moral
Development. Harper and Row.
• Hagberg, Janet O. and Robert A. Guelich. 2004. The Critical
Journey, Stages in the Life of Faith, 2nd Edn. Sheffield
Publishing Company.
• Levinson, Daniel. 1986. The Seasons of a Man’s Life.
Ballantine Books; Reissue edition.
• Hall, Brian. 1995. Values Shift: A Guide to Personal and
Organizational Transformation. Twin Lights
• Publishing.Webster, Alan. 2001. Spiral of Values. Hawera,
New Zealand, Alpha Publications.
38
Thank You
Viv Grigg, @2024
+1 626-253-8411
admin@urbanleaders.org
www.urbanleaders.org
www.matul.org

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Lifelong Values Spirituality: Character Formation

  • 1. CharacterFormation: Humanness&Spirituality • Jesus was both fully God and fully man. • To be fully spiritual is to be fully human • To be mature in Christ is to be fully human • To be mature in Christ is to have a complete godly character.
  • 2. Part1:Classical Virtues What are the 7 Godly Virtues? What are the 7 Deadly Sins? How do Virtues and Values Differ? 2
  • 3. Catholic vs Evangelical Foundations to Spirituality Evangelicalism • Is founded on a multiplying web of revivals around the globe, growing out of Franciscan, then Pietist revivals • The presence of the Spirit is core to our understanding of spiritual growth or Sanctification. • Spirituality is thus an outworking of his overwhelming presence. • That presence brings inner values change 3 The tendency: Its all God’s work Different perspectives on the Holy Spirit result in different approaches to spirituality
  • 4. Catholic vs Evangelical Foundations to Spirituality Based on the idea of the Spirit, as the Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding, who brings discernment, Catholic Spirituality places heavy emphasis on academic education as the foundation of spirituality and values are a significant theme - a major contribution. • With a historic antipathy to outbreaks of revival there has been a historic avoidance in many Catholic circles of the “enthusiasms” of the Spirit • Education builds values imposed from the outside, external norms imposed by society through education. • (Though there are also Catholic orders of the Holy Spirit who seek various patterns of mysticism). 4 This is valuable as Catholic spiritual Formation thus show us how to engage the human dimensions of spirituality.
  • 5. 7GodlyVirtues The Three Pauline Virtues The Four Classical Greek Virtues (or are they all Jesus’ Values?) 5 Faith Hope Love Temperance Understanding Wisdom Prudence What elements make up a good or moral person? Each virtue can be analyzed in terms of feelings, behaviors and skills How are they released in a city?
  • 6. Classical GreekVirtues 6 Prudence: The Habit of choosing the right means to achieve worthy ends Justice: The Habit of rendering the other his/her rights Temperance: The Habit of moderation in the use of pleasurable things Fortitude: The Habit of restraining fear or moderation of rash behavior in the face of danger or difficulty
  • 7. Classical GreekVirtues:What Makes the Moral Man? 7 Subjective Parts: Sub-categories of the virtues that are distinct from each other Potential parts: Virtues related to the Cardinal Virtue, but are not complete expressions of the cardinal virtue Integral Parts: Conditions and actions that are necessary to perfect the virtue as a habit.
  • 9. 9
  • 10. SevenCardinal Sins 10 Seven deadly sins, also called seven capital sins or seven cardinal sins, in Roman Catholic theology, the seven vices that spur other sins and further immoral behavior. First enumerated by Pope Gregory I (the Great) in the 6th century and elaborated in the 13th century by St. Thomas Aquinas Note; The Catholic church calls them deadly (unforgivable) sins, but the Bible does not. All sin leads to death.
  • 11. SevenCardinalSins SevenVirtues 11 (1) pride (2) greed, or covetousness (3) lust, or inordinate or illicit sexual desire (4) envy (5) gluttony, including drunkenness (6) anger (7) sloth Each of these can be overcome with the seven corresponding virtues of: (1) humility (2) charity (3) Chastity (4) gratitude (5) temperance (6) Patience (7) diligence Put off the old nature Put on the new nature (Ephesians 4:22-24)
  • 12. Expanding the List ofVirtues • Each culture defines its own ideal virtues • Each religion defines its own ideal virtues • And there are universal virtues: Love, Truthfulness, Fairness (Justice), Freedom, Unity, Tolerance, Responsibility, Respect for Life (Research in Kidder, Rushworth M. (1994). Shared Values for a Troubled World. Jossey-Bass 12 What are five) virtues central to your culture?
  • 13. Three Views: What is the Goal of Virtues & Their Relationship to the Public Sphere (the Heart of the City)? 1. Self-Actualization - Aristotle: Happiness. 2. Cultural Determinism: Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), Baruch Spinoza: Self- preservation determines virtues. 3. Societal Norms: Immanuel Kant: internal knowledge of virtue is connected to an obligation to external societal norms... A Virtuous City? 13
  • 14. DifferentiatingVirtues and Values They are often used interchangeably, but are they the same? • Virtues and values are ideals expressed as priorities • A Subset: Virtues are narrower in scope than Values. They have specific ends in mind. • Values are aspirational. Our reality may not reflect our values. 14
  • 16. 16
  • 17. Other CharacterValues (Virtues) in the Scriptures The Old and New Testament affirm many other values • Paul rejects speaking in tongues (and other gifts) as the sign of spirituality and composes the greatest writings on the nature of love in 1 Cor 13 • He links these in faith, hope and love – adding two directional values • Values are aspirational. Hope and faith are aspirations as to a better future 17
  • 18. OtherValues –Which are Biblical • From the Virtues Project Inernational 18
  • 19. Part2:Progressions Psychologicaland EducationalTheories ofDevelopment Most have significant basis in analysis, some are purely theories that became popular. 19
  • 20. 20 How do Values affect our becoming fully Human, fully mature in Christ? The directional values of hope and faith lead to the question as to a progression of values development, lifelong expansion of values.
  • 21. Fowler’s Question: What are the Stages of Personal Spiritual (Mystical) Development? 1. Over 100 years what are developmental stages of life? 2. What are the stages of spiritual growth? 3. How do these map onto each other? Do they? Stage 1 Prebirth Stage 2 Early Childhood Stage 3 Childhood Stage 4 Youth Stage 5 Adulthood Urban Leadership Foundation/ Anthropological Spirituality 021 Photo: 1924 My Mother, Grandmother, Great Grandmother. How have these three generations and their spirituality impacted my progressions of growth?
  • 22. The Question: DRAW A LIFE PHASES ROADMAP How many phases? What are the Milestones? What are the Transitions? BIRTH Q1 Transition 1 Milestone description Q2 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description Q3 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description Q4 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description YOUTH Q1 Transition 2 Milestone description Q2 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description Q3 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description Q4 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description EARLY ADULT HOOD Q1 Transition 3 Milestone description Q2 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description Q3 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description Q4 MILESTONETITLE Milestone description OLD AGE 022
  • 23. Multiple theories from multiple disciplines 1. Piaget’s educational theories. 2. Kohlberg and Moral Development 23 • An educational theorist • Values emerge through a developmental process • Just as cognitive skills develop so does our ability to choose right from wrong.
  • 26. 5. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs But the level of community psychological health factors into the level of development. Premise: Before a person can engage in higher values such as justice they must meet their basic needs such as food and shelter. But there is no research basis for one level leading to the next. • . • . • . 26
  • 28. Integration -TheTonna-Hall Inventory An Anglican Priest-psychologist and a Catholic Monsignor built on these theories to develop the Tonna-Hall inventory of 132 value pairs. • They then arranged them according to phases of life • They analysed the turning points or paradigm shifts between phases • They applied them to group formation of collective values in organizations or movements. • They did research along the way, but the foundations of these theories is shaky as they pulled from multiple sources, and the complexity of trying to integrate them into a grand theory is likely beyond human capacities. • But it allows us a valuable opportunity to consider lifelong values formation • We still are not yet answering, “how does the Holy Spirit form such values within us and our people?” 28
  • 29. Tonna-Hall Inventory and Your Inner Urban Journey They integrated six perspectives from Psychology, Education and Spiritual Growth Theory as to the various phases of life. Tonna and Hall identified 132 universal value pairs and how these develop at each of these six stages 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. 31 Part 4: Urban Spirituality: How do our values impact the Urban Context at various life stages?
  • 32. ??? Comparison of EconomicValues and SpiritualValues Values are an ethereal idea, formed in philosophy, education, psychology…. If the Kingdom is both the redemption of our Humanness and of our relationship to the Land, what values are distinctly earthy in our Christianity? It is the Spirit who generates Values Creative spirit, the Spirit of fruitfulness, who strengthens our work, brings rest to our souls, creates community, superintends the structuring of the universe…. Ten Economic Values Creativity, productivity, work and rest, cooperative economics, management, redistribution, ownership etc… 32
  • 33. Not just inner moral values Not just social moral values How do these relate to our urban context? If the Kingdom is both the redemption of our humanness and of our relationship to the land, what values are distinctly earthy in our Christianity? Do these exist in: • Islam? • Hinduism? • Pentecostalism? • Presbyterianism? • Liberation Theology? 33 e.g. Environmental Spirituality?
  • 34. 34 Or How Does the Urban Context Impact these Life Stages and Values? Our anthropological spirituality is impacted by our sociological realities
  • 35. Part 5: How does the Holy Spirit build these values across a lifetime? Inner Values Life’s transitions Leadership Formation • Christ is our Life: His spirit brings life to our mortal bodies (Romans 8:11) • He is all and in all • His character increasingly becomes our character as we bury ourselves in the word and his presence (Gal 5:22,23). 35 • The Spirit is our counsellor and comforter (John 14:15), our healer, taking the traumas and tragedies of life and converting them into character (1 Peter 1:3-5). • He smooths the rough places • He leads us and guides us, both besides still waters and in the shadow of death (Psalm 23). • As we go downwards in service, he manifests himself to us through the Spirit (John 12:24-26) • The fruit of the Spirit (Gal 5:22,23) becomes the fruit of our lives (John 15:16). • He glorifies the Father in and through us (John 16:13). • The stream of living water becomes the healing of the nations in that bride of Christ (Rev 22:1,2), like salt and light (Matt 5:13-16) incrementally redeeming the nations. • The Spirit groans for the restoration of the whole creation (Romans 8:22,23).
  • 36. Expansion ofValues: EstablishingValues from individual to community to movement to nations 36 20YY 20YY 20YY 20YY 20YY Development ofValues overTime • Values for Self: In early years master the scriptures (inner values, spiritual discipleship) • Values in Business: In our young adult years, master economic realities (ten economic principles, economic discipleship) • Values Multiplication through Movement Leadership: In middle years master the disciplines of a movement (social values) • National Values Leadership: In later years disciplines of interconnectivity (discipling nations) • Global Spiral of Values: In final years, master philosophies (power conflict) In sociology, Alan Webster integrates multiple theories
  • 37. Part 6:The End Result of the Pilgrimage: Fully Mature in Christ • Christ formed in us • The Father Glorified • When we see you, we see Jesus • Maturity in Christ • At each stage 37 • Fellowship with Christ • Friendship with God • All things Reconciled in Christ • The Creation restored • Humanity Redeemed • We have touched a million people
  • 38. Readings • Kelcourse, Felicity. 2015. Human Development and Faith: Life-Cycle Stages of Body, Mind, and Soul. 2nd Edn. • Fowler, James. 1981. Stages of Faith. Harper and Row. • Kohlberg, Lawrence. 1981. The Philosophy of Moral Development. Harper and Row. • Hagberg, Janet O. and Robert A. Guelich. 2004. The Critical Journey, Stages in the Life of Faith, 2nd Edn. Sheffield Publishing Company. • Levinson, Daniel. 1986. The Seasons of a Man’s Life. Ballantine Books; Reissue edition. • Hall, Brian. 1995. Values Shift: A Guide to Personal and Organizational Transformation. Twin Lights • Publishing.Webster, Alan. 2001. Spiral of Values. Hawera, New Zealand, Alpha Publications. 38
  • 39. Thank You Viv Grigg, @2024 +1 626-253-8411 admin@urbanleaders.org www.urbanleaders.org www.matul.org