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Intersubjectivity
PROF. MICHAEL M. ISIDORO
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What you can learn and do in this
lesson:
 1. understand intersubjectivity;
 2. appreciate the talents of a person with disabilities
and those from underprivileged sectors; and
 3. perform activities demonstrating the talents of
persons with disabilities and those from
underprivileged sectors of society.
z
NATURE OF INTERSUBJECTIVITY
 Intersubjectivity, originally coined by the philosopher Edmund
Husserl (1859–1938), is most simply stated as the interchange
of thoughts and feelings, both conscious and unconscious,
between two persons or "subjects," facilitated by empathy.
 To understand intersubjectivity, it is necessary first to define the
term subjectivity – i.e., the perception or experience of reality
from within one's perspective (both conscious and unconscious)
and necessarily limited by the boundary or horizon of one's
worldview.
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INTERSUBJECTIVITY
 It is the condition of man, a subject, among
other men, who are also subjects.
 It refers to the shared awareness and
understanding among persons.
 It is made possible by the awareness of the
self and the other.
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Martin Buber
 An Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his
philosophy of dialogue.
 Social vs. Interhuman
 The social refers to the life of a group bound together by
common experiences and rejections.
 The interhuman refers to the life between and among persons; it
refers to the interpersonal, a life of dialogue.
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Dialogue
 It is a deep and genuine relationship
between persons.
 It happens when two persons truly
acknowledge each other’s presence
and treat each other as equals.
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Intersubjectivity as Ontology: The Social
Dimensions of the Self
 Martin Buber and Karol Wojtylas
 Influenced by religious background, they believed in the notion of
concrete experience/existence of the human person.
 They also think that one must not lose sight of one’s self in
concrete experience.
 They both refused to regard the human person as a composite of
some kind of dimensions, such as animality and rationality.
 The human person is total, not dual.
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Martin Buber
 He is a Jewish existentialist philosopher. He was born
in Vienna and was brought up in the Jewish Tradition.
 In his work I and Thou, he conceives that human
person in their wholeness, totality, concrete existence,
and relatedness to the world.
 I-thou philosophy is about the person as a subject, who
is different from things or objects.
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 The human person experiences his wholeness, not by his
relationship to oneself but by his relationship to another
self.
 The human person establishes the world of mutual relation
of experience.
 I-It relationship is a person to a thing, subject to object that
is merely experiencing and using; lacking directedness and
mutuality (feeling, knowing, and acting)
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Karol Wojtylas or Saint Pope John Paul
II
 Born in Wadowice, Poland. He was elected to the papacy on
October 16, 1978(264th pope). He was considered a great pope
(88%) during his lifetime.
 He was an architect of communism’s demise in Poland.
 He criticized the traditional definition of humans as "rational
animals."
 He maintains that the human person is the one who exists and
acts (conscious acting, has a will, has self-determination).
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 Action reveals the nature of the human agent.
 Through participation, the person can fulfill one’s
self.
 The human person is oriented towards relationships
and sharing in the communal life for the common
good.
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Wojtyla’s theory of participation
(WE-RELATION)
As St. Augustine of Hippo said,
“No human being should become
an end to him/herself. We are
responsible to our neighbors as
we are to our own actions.”
z
Wojtyla’s theory of participation
(WE-RELATION)
We participate in the communal
life. Our notion of the “neighbor”
and “fellow member” is by
participating in the humanness of
the other person.
z
“DO NOT BE AFRAID TO TAKE A
CHANCE ON PEACE, TO TEACH
PEACE, TO LIVE IN PEACE…”
“STUPIDITY IS A GIFT FROM GOD BUT
ONE MUSTN’T MISUSE IT.”
-Karol Wojtyla
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Martin buber
“The world is not
comprehensible, but it is
embraceable: through the
embracing of one of its
beings.”
― Martin Buber
“Living is encounter.“
- -Martin Buber
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Martin buber
A Jewish
existentialist
philosopher
born in Vienna,
in his work I and
Thou ( Ich und
Du),
z
MARTIN BUBER’S I AND THOU
 He conceives the human person in
his/her wholeness, totality, concrete
existence and relatedness to the
world.
 His philosophy is about the human
person as a subject, who is a being
different from things or from
objects.
z
Martin buber’s i-it
 This relationship is a person to
thing, subject to object that is
merely experiencing and using;
lacking directedness and
mutuality (feeling, knowing,
acting)
z
MARTIN BUBER’S I-YOU
The human person experiences his
wholeness not in relation to one’s
self, but in virtue of his relation to
another self.
 Person-person, subject-subject
relation
z
MARTIN BUBER’S I AND THOU
z
MARTIN BUBER’S I AND THOU
Not just being in the
world but being with
others, or being in
relation.
z
We are unique
Differences are not hindrance
to intersubjective relationship
communicate relate
Perceive each other
Lesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptx

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Lesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptx

  • 2. z What you can learn and do in this lesson:  1. understand intersubjectivity;  2. appreciate the talents of a person with disabilities and those from underprivileged sectors; and  3. perform activities demonstrating the talents of persons with disabilities and those from underprivileged sectors of society.
  • 3. z NATURE OF INTERSUBJECTIVITY  Intersubjectivity, originally coined by the philosopher Edmund Husserl (1859–1938), is most simply stated as the interchange of thoughts and feelings, both conscious and unconscious, between two persons or "subjects," facilitated by empathy.  To understand intersubjectivity, it is necessary first to define the term subjectivity – i.e., the perception or experience of reality from within one's perspective (both conscious and unconscious) and necessarily limited by the boundary or horizon of one's worldview.
  • 4. z INTERSUBJECTIVITY  It is the condition of man, a subject, among other men, who are also subjects.  It refers to the shared awareness and understanding among persons.  It is made possible by the awareness of the self and the other.
  • 5. z Martin Buber  An Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue.  Social vs. Interhuman  The social refers to the life of a group bound together by common experiences and rejections.  The interhuman refers to the life between and among persons; it refers to the interpersonal, a life of dialogue.
  • 6. z Dialogue  It is a deep and genuine relationship between persons.  It happens when two persons truly acknowledge each other’s presence and treat each other as equals.
  • 7. z Intersubjectivity as Ontology: The Social Dimensions of the Self  Martin Buber and Karol Wojtylas  Influenced by religious background, they believed in the notion of concrete experience/existence of the human person.  They also think that one must not lose sight of one’s self in concrete experience.  They both refused to regard the human person as a composite of some kind of dimensions, such as animality and rationality.  The human person is total, not dual.
  • 8. z Martin Buber  He is a Jewish existentialist philosopher. He was born in Vienna and was brought up in the Jewish Tradition.  In his work I and Thou, he conceives that human person in their wholeness, totality, concrete existence, and relatedness to the world.  I-thou philosophy is about the person as a subject, who is different from things or objects.
  • 9. z  The human person experiences his wholeness, not by his relationship to oneself but by his relationship to another self.  The human person establishes the world of mutual relation of experience.  I-It relationship is a person to a thing, subject to object that is merely experiencing and using; lacking directedness and mutuality (feeling, knowing, and acting)
  • 10. z Karol Wojtylas or Saint Pope John Paul II  Born in Wadowice, Poland. He was elected to the papacy on October 16, 1978(264th pope). He was considered a great pope (88%) during his lifetime.  He was an architect of communism’s demise in Poland.  He criticized the traditional definition of humans as "rational animals."  He maintains that the human person is the one who exists and acts (conscious acting, has a will, has self-determination).
  • 11. z  Action reveals the nature of the human agent.  Through participation, the person can fulfill one’s self.  The human person is oriented towards relationships and sharing in the communal life for the common good.
  • 12. z Wojtyla’s theory of participation (WE-RELATION) As St. Augustine of Hippo said, “No human being should become an end to him/herself. We are responsible to our neighbors as we are to our own actions.”
  • 13. z Wojtyla’s theory of participation (WE-RELATION) We participate in the communal life. Our notion of the “neighbor” and “fellow member” is by participating in the humanness of the other person.
  • 14. z “DO NOT BE AFRAID TO TAKE A CHANCE ON PEACE, TO TEACH PEACE, TO LIVE IN PEACE…” “STUPIDITY IS A GIFT FROM GOD BUT ONE MUSTN’T MISUSE IT.” -Karol Wojtyla
  • 15. z Martin buber “The world is not comprehensible, but it is embraceable: through the embracing of one of its beings.” ― Martin Buber “Living is encounter.“ - -Martin Buber
  • 16. z Martin buber A Jewish existentialist philosopher born in Vienna, in his work I and Thou ( Ich und Du),
  • 17. z MARTIN BUBER’S I AND THOU  He conceives the human person in his/her wholeness, totality, concrete existence and relatedness to the world.  His philosophy is about the human person as a subject, who is a being different from things or from objects.
  • 18. z Martin buber’s i-it  This relationship is a person to thing, subject to object that is merely experiencing and using; lacking directedness and mutuality (feeling, knowing, acting)
  • 19. z MARTIN BUBER’S I-YOU The human person experiences his wholeness not in relation to one’s self, but in virtue of his relation to another self.  Person-person, subject-subject relation
  • 21. z MARTIN BUBER’S I AND THOU Not just being in the world but being with others, or being in relation.
  • 22. z We are unique Differences are not hindrance to intersubjective relationship communicate relate Perceive each other