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Let us draw a pig
IInf thte epigr isp drrawentation: 
Toward the top of the paper, you are positive and optimistic. 
Toward the middle, you are a realist. 
Toward the bottom, you are pessimistic, and have a tendency to 
behave negatively. 
Facing left, you believe in tradition, are friendly, and remember dates 
(birthdays, etc.) 
Facing right, you are innovative and active, but don't have a strong 
sense of family, nor do you remember dates. 
Facing front (looking at you), you are direct, enjoy playing devil's 
advocate and neither fear nor avoid discussions.
With less than 4 legs showing, you are insecure or 
living through a period of major change. 
With 4 legs showing, you are secure, stubborn, and 
stick to your ideals. 
The size of the ears indicates how good listener 
you are. 
The bigger the better.
Lesson 1 
How Others See Me 
This lesson allows you to begin your journey into 
understanding yourself which will hopefully lead you to 
mastering yourself. You must aim to: 
1. Use single word adjectives in describing yourself and your 
classmates. 
2. Explain why your views about yourself may be different 
from how others view you. 
3. Narrate an incident in your life which is similar to the one 
found in the selection. 
4. Distinguish between figurative and literal language. 
5. Unlock the meaning of words as used in sentences. 
6. Differentiate a narrative text from other types of texts. 
7. Use determiners correctly. 
8. Write an anecdote following the features of narrative texts.
YOUR INITIAL TASKS 
Task 1. How I View Myself (15 mins) 
On a half-sheet of paper, complete the visual organizer 
below by writing at five traits which you believe you have. 
WHAT I THINK OF 
MYSELF
Task 2. How Others View Me (10 mins) 
For this activity, you will need a piece of paper, and 
some tape. Write your name at the center of this 
paper. It is advisable to encircle your name. Once I am 
finished giving you instructions, you are to move 
around the classroom, look for your classmates, and 
write only one word on each of their respective 
papers. That word must be an adjective which you 
think best describes that classmate.
Take the piece of paper from your back and look at 
how your classmates described you. Now compare the 
descriptions that your classmates wrote for you with 
those you wrote for yourself. How similar are they? 
How different are they?
Home Reading 
The Centipede 
By: Ronnie V. Diaz 
Write five questions about 
the selection that you want 
to be answered during 
class discussion tomorrow.
YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS (10 mins) 
Task 1. Using Context Clues in finding Synonyms 
Encircle the letter of the option that best approximates the 
underlined word in each sentence. 
1. George could only stand in shock as Lilian tramped across the 
field, her angry eyes latched on to him. 
A. tread heavily B. walked slowly C. limped quickly D. darted 
past 
2. The vendor, hoping to finish selling his goods before noon, 
ambled toward the group of clueless tourists. 
A. crawled B. sold C. walked D. limped 
3. While Jonathan escaped the accident with just a scratch on his 
arm, his car was badly mangled. 
A. spared B. scratched C. returned D. ruined
4. Lourdes watched the performance with apprehension; she felt 
that anytime now, someone would make a mistake and the 
audience would laugh at her class. 
A. fascination B. dread C. rapture D. listlessness 
5. The mayor denounced the kidnapping of the eight year old year, 
and vowed that he would do everything in his power to get the girl 
back and punish the kidnappers to the fullest extent of the law. 
A. condemned B. criticized C. commented D. contorted 
6. Kyla‘s lips started to quiver when she heard that her daughter had 
been kidnapped. 
A. close B. open C. shrink D. tremble 
7. The prima ballerina snickered when she saw her main rival 
stumbling over the new dance steps. 
A. laughed derisively B. coughed politely C. commented D. 
parodied
Task 2. Literal or Figurative? (10 mins) 
Determine whether each statement below is literal or 
figurative. Write L if the statement is literal (i.e. there is no 
other meaning). Write F if the statement is figurative (i.e. 
there is an underlying meaning). 
1. Berto was tasked by Delia to kill Berto‘s adopted dog. 
L 
2. Centipedes often scare people because of how they look. 
L 
3. Delia‘s resentment toward Eddie could be traced back to 
their mother‘s death. 
L 
4. Eddie saw his sister as a thorn on his side – something 
which should be plucked. 
F
5. Eddie‘s feelings toward his sister could be compared to 
that of an overheated kettle. 
F 
6. Eddie‘s sister was stunned when she saw the centipede. 
L 
7. Even as a young boy, Eddie already had the instincts of a 
hunter. 
L 
8. For most of the story, Eddie and Delia were like oil and 
water. 
F 
9. Once, Eddie thought that Delia was extending the olive 
branch to him. 
F 
10. Their father often told Eddie and Delia to keep the 
peace. 
F
Task 3. Locate, Reflect, Evaluate! (30 mins) 
Locate information in the selection to complete the table 
below. Make sure you can defend your answers. 
How Eddie 
Viewed His 
Sister 
How Eddie 
Viewed Himself 
How Eddie’s 
Sister Viewed 
Him 
How Eddie’s 
Sister Viewed 
Herself
Once you have finished with the table above, answer the 
following questions in your notebook. Be prepared to 
share your answers with the rest of the class. 
1. Do you think Eddie‘s actions at the end of the story were 
justified? Why or why not? 
2. Had you been in the same situation, would you have 
done what Eddie did? Why or why not? 
3. Why is the story entitled as such? What is the title‘s 
significance to the developments in the story?
Determiners 
i. the articles (a, an, the) 
ii. possessive nouns 
iii. possessive pronouns 
iv. numbers 
v. indefinite pronouns 
vi demonstrative pronouns
Definition of Terms 
Adjective- is a word that modifies 
(describe) a noun. Ex. Beautiful 
Noun-the part of speech that is used 
to name a person, place, thing, quality, 
or action. Ex. Bag 
Pronoun- replaces a noun or another 
pronoun to make a sentence less 
cumbersome and less repetitive.(I, you, 
he, mine, yours, his, etc)
 A word that introduces a noun. 
Indicates reference to something 
specific or something of a 
particular type. 
DETERMINERS VS. PRONOUNS 
FOLLOWED BY A 
NOUN 
CAN NEVER BE 
FOLLOWED BY A NOUN 
EXAMPLE EXAMPLE 
My car is white. The white car is mine.
DETERMINERS VS. 
adjectives 
Both signals that a noun will follow but; 
Adjectives may add its comparative (er-) 
and superlative (-est) form while 
determiners cannot add these inflectional 
morphemes because they don’t have other 
forms or synonyms. 
Determiner + noun tea 
the tea some tea our tea this tea 
Adjective + noun tea 
Good tea tasty tea delicious tea
Types of determiners 
1. ARTICLES 
Definite article- the 
Examples: Close the door, please. 
The man is walking. 
I walked to the market. 
Indefinite article- a (used before a 
consonant sound) or an (used 
before a vowel sound)
Examples: 
a. I have a friend in Canada. 
b. Maria saw an unidentified flying 
object (UFO) last night. 
c. Datu Ben heard a foot steps coming 
from the kitchen but nobody was there. 
2. DEMONSTRATIVES – this, that, 
these and those. They can also be used 
as a pronoun.
Examples: 
Demonstrative as a determiner 
a. This camera is mine. 
b. That bag is yours. 
Compare to: 
Demonstrative as a pronoun 
a. This is my camera. 
b. That is your bag.
3. POSSESSIVES 
Possessive pronouns (mine, 
his, hers, yours, ours, their) can 
stand alone and are not 
followed by nouns. 
Possessive determiners (my, 
your, his, her, its, our, your, 
their) , on the other hand, are 
followed by nouns.
Compare: 
a. This is my house. (my is a 
possessive determiner. It is 
followed by the noun house 
which it modifies.) 
b. Is that house yours? (yours is a 
possessive pronoun. It is not 
followed by a noun.)
4. QUANTIFIERS- some, any, 
few, little, more, much, many, 
each, every, both, all, enough, 
half, little, whole, less etc. 
Examples: There were many 
people in the street. 
Little knowledge is a dangerous 
thing.
Select the correct determiner for 
each sentences: 
1. Lisa saw (a, an) shooting star. 
2. This is (mine, my) car. 
3. The (more, whole) pie is for me. 
4. (These, This) cell phone is big. 
5. (That, Those) flowers are pretty. 
6. (The, An) door is lock.
7. Mario brings (a, an) empty bag. 
8. (Their, Its) Grade Point Average is 
high. 
9. (Each, Half ) students will clean a 
chair. 
10. (Her, Hers) hair is very shiny.
Group Activity 
a. Each group will write 10 sentences using determiners 
correctly. 
b. The group will exchange their work to the other group. 
c. The group will underline all the determiners used in 
each sentence.
QUIZ 
A. Study the following sentences. Choose the determiner that will best 
complete each sentence. 
1. ____ stolen cart was returned to the farmer the following day by the 
policemen.(an, the, their) 
2. . My father gave me ____ watch before I left for Manila. (these, this, an) 
3. Liza tried to retrieve _____ cap, but she was afraid to climb the tree. (this, 
her, their) 
4. The branch manager told his staff to make sure that _____ important 
documents should be sent to the main office by the end of the day. (a, an, 
the) 
5. Mr. Reyes told the restless crowd that everyone had to wait for ____ hour 
for the guest speaker. (a, an, the)
Assignment: 
Write a paragraph about your pet using determiners 
correctly in your activity notebook.
Lesson 1 how others see me K-12

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Lesson 1 how others see me K-12

  • 1.
  • 2. Let us draw a pig
  • 3. IInf thte epigr isp drrawentation: Toward the top of the paper, you are positive and optimistic. Toward the middle, you are a realist. Toward the bottom, you are pessimistic, and have a tendency to behave negatively. Facing left, you believe in tradition, are friendly, and remember dates (birthdays, etc.) Facing right, you are innovative and active, but don't have a strong sense of family, nor do you remember dates. Facing front (looking at you), you are direct, enjoy playing devil's advocate and neither fear nor avoid discussions.
  • 4. With less than 4 legs showing, you are insecure or living through a period of major change. With 4 legs showing, you are secure, stubborn, and stick to your ideals. The size of the ears indicates how good listener you are. The bigger the better.
  • 5. Lesson 1 How Others See Me This lesson allows you to begin your journey into understanding yourself which will hopefully lead you to mastering yourself. You must aim to: 1. Use single word adjectives in describing yourself and your classmates. 2. Explain why your views about yourself may be different from how others view you. 3. Narrate an incident in your life which is similar to the one found in the selection. 4. Distinguish between figurative and literal language. 5. Unlock the meaning of words as used in sentences. 6. Differentiate a narrative text from other types of texts. 7. Use determiners correctly. 8. Write an anecdote following the features of narrative texts.
  • 6. YOUR INITIAL TASKS Task 1. How I View Myself (15 mins) On a half-sheet of paper, complete the visual organizer below by writing at five traits which you believe you have. WHAT I THINK OF MYSELF
  • 7. Task 2. How Others View Me (10 mins) For this activity, you will need a piece of paper, and some tape. Write your name at the center of this paper. It is advisable to encircle your name. Once I am finished giving you instructions, you are to move around the classroom, look for your classmates, and write only one word on each of their respective papers. That word must be an adjective which you think best describes that classmate.
  • 8. Take the piece of paper from your back and look at how your classmates described you. Now compare the descriptions that your classmates wrote for you with those you wrote for yourself. How similar are they? How different are they?
  • 9. Home Reading The Centipede By: Ronnie V. Diaz Write five questions about the selection that you want to be answered during class discussion tomorrow.
  • 10. YOUR DISCOVERY TASKS (10 mins) Task 1. Using Context Clues in finding Synonyms Encircle the letter of the option that best approximates the underlined word in each sentence. 1. George could only stand in shock as Lilian tramped across the field, her angry eyes latched on to him. A. tread heavily B. walked slowly C. limped quickly D. darted past 2. The vendor, hoping to finish selling his goods before noon, ambled toward the group of clueless tourists. A. crawled B. sold C. walked D. limped 3. While Jonathan escaped the accident with just a scratch on his arm, his car was badly mangled. A. spared B. scratched C. returned D. ruined
  • 11. 4. Lourdes watched the performance with apprehension; she felt that anytime now, someone would make a mistake and the audience would laugh at her class. A. fascination B. dread C. rapture D. listlessness 5. The mayor denounced the kidnapping of the eight year old year, and vowed that he would do everything in his power to get the girl back and punish the kidnappers to the fullest extent of the law. A. condemned B. criticized C. commented D. contorted 6. Kyla‘s lips started to quiver when she heard that her daughter had been kidnapped. A. close B. open C. shrink D. tremble 7. The prima ballerina snickered when she saw her main rival stumbling over the new dance steps. A. laughed derisively B. coughed politely C. commented D. parodied
  • 12. Task 2. Literal or Figurative? (10 mins) Determine whether each statement below is literal or figurative. Write L if the statement is literal (i.e. there is no other meaning). Write F if the statement is figurative (i.e. there is an underlying meaning). 1. Berto was tasked by Delia to kill Berto‘s adopted dog. L 2. Centipedes often scare people because of how they look. L 3. Delia‘s resentment toward Eddie could be traced back to their mother‘s death. L 4. Eddie saw his sister as a thorn on his side – something which should be plucked. F
  • 13. 5. Eddie‘s feelings toward his sister could be compared to that of an overheated kettle. F 6. Eddie‘s sister was stunned when she saw the centipede. L 7. Even as a young boy, Eddie already had the instincts of a hunter. L 8. For most of the story, Eddie and Delia were like oil and water. F 9. Once, Eddie thought that Delia was extending the olive branch to him. F 10. Their father often told Eddie and Delia to keep the peace. F
  • 14. Task 3. Locate, Reflect, Evaluate! (30 mins) Locate information in the selection to complete the table below. Make sure you can defend your answers. How Eddie Viewed His Sister How Eddie Viewed Himself How Eddie’s Sister Viewed Him How Eddie’s Sister Viewed Herself
  • 15. Once you have finished with the table above, answer the following questions in your notebook. Be prepared to share your answers with the rest of the class. 1. Do you think Eddie‘s actions at the end of the story were justified? Why or why not? 2. Had you been in the same situation, would you have done what Eddie did? Why or why not? 3. Why is the story entitled as such? What is the title‘s significance to the developments in the story?
  • 16. Determiners i. the articles (a, an, the) ii. possessive nouns iii. possessive pronouns iv. numbers v. indefinite pronouns vi demonstrative pronouns
  • 17.
  • 18. Definition of Terms Adjective- is a word that modifies (describe) a noun. Ex. Beautiful Noun-the part of speech that is used to name a person, place, thing, quality, or action. Ex. Bag Pronoun- replaces a noun or another pronoun to make a sentence less cumbersome and less repetitive.(I, you, he, mine, yours, his, etc)
  • 19.  A word that introduces a noun. Indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. DETERMINERS VS. PRONOUNS FOLLOWED BY A NOUN CAN NEVER BE FOLLOWED BY A NOUN EXAMPLE EXAMPLE My car is white. The white car is mine.
  • 20. DETERMINERS VS. adjectives Both signals that a noun will follow but; Adjectives may add its comparative (er-) and superlative (-est) form while determiners cannot add these inflectional morphemes because they don’t have other forms or synonyms. Determiner + noun tea the tea some tea our tea this tea Adjective + noun tea Good tea tasty tea delicious tea
  • 21. Types of determiners 1. ARTICLES Definite article- the Examples: Close the door, please. The man is walking. I walked to the market. Indefinite article- a (used before a consonant sound) or an (used before a vowel sound)
  • 22. Examples: a. I have a friend in Canada. b. Maria saw an unidentified flying object (UFO) last night. c. Datu Ben heard a foot steps coming from the kitchen but nobody was there. 2. DEMONSTRATIVES – this, that, these and those. They can also be used as a pronoun.
  • 23. Examples: Demonstrative as a determiner a. This camera is mine. b. That bag is yours. Compare to: Demonstrative as a pronoun a. This is my camera. b. That is your bag.
  • 24. 3. POSSESSIVES Possessive pronouns (mine, his, hers, yours, ours, their) can stand alone and are not followed by nouns. Possessive determiners (my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their) , on the other hand, are followed by nouns.
  • 25. Compare: a. This is my house. (my is a possessive determiner. It is followed by the noun house which it modifies.) b. Is that house yours? (yours is a possessive pronoun. It is not followed by a noun.)
  • 26. 4. QUANTIFIERS- some, any, few, little, more, much, many, each, every, both, all, enough, half, little, whole, less etc. Examples: There were many people in the street. Little knowledge is a dangerous thing.
  • 27. Select the correct determiner for each sentences: 1. Lisa saw (a, an) shooting star. 2. This is (mine, my) car. 3. The (more, whole) pie is for me. 4. (These, This) cell phone is big. 5. (That, Those) flowers are pretty. 6. (The, An) door is lock.
  • 28. 7. Mario brings (a, an) empty bag. 8. (Their, Its) Grade Point Average is high. 9. (Each, Half ) students will clean a chair. 10. (Her, Hers) hair is very shiny.
  • 29. Group Activity a. Each group will write 10 sentences using determiners correctly. b. The group will exchange their work to the other group. c. The group will underline all the determiners used in each sentence.
  • 30. QUIZ A. Study the following sentences. Choose the determiner that will best complete each sentence. 1. ____ stolen cart was returned to the farmer the following day by the policemen.(an, the, their) 2. . My father gave me ____ watch before I left for Manila. (these, this, an) 3. Liza tried to retrieve _____ cap, but she was afraid to climb the tree. (this, her, their) 4. The branch manager told his staff to make sure that _____ important documents should be sent to the main office by the end of the day. (a, an, the) 5. Mr. Reyes told the restless crowd that everyone had to wait for ____ hour for the guest speaker. (a, an, the)
  • 31. Assignment: Write a paragraph about your pet using determiners correctly in your activity notebook.

Editor's Notes

  1. Personality does not just influence how we move and respond in our environment; it also causes us to act in certain ways.
  2. Personality does not just influence how we move and respond in our environment; it also causes us to act in certain ways.