SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The role of media in minority integration:
lessons from Estonian experience
International conference on integration „Shared Identities in Diverse Communities:
the Role of Culture, Media and Civil Society“ 16 – 17 November 2017 in Tallinn, Estonia
Prof. Marju Lauristin
University of Tartu, Estonia
Concept and scope of integration
  System integration
  legal – citizenship, equal rights, lack of discrimination
  political – participation in political activities, influence on decision-
making
  economic – ownership, business opportunities, employment
  Social and cultural integration
  common language and education
  inclusion in community life, networking, solidarity, families, personal
relationships
  shared meanings, values, habits of everyday life, symbols, rituals,
memories
  common identity
Dimensions of integration
System integration, common
institutional rules and space
of activities
Social inclusion
Political and economic
participationinformation
Social integration,
common community of
values
respect trust
opportunity influence
Estonian experience
  Specific context, similar to post-colonial situation
  Structure of minority population according to citizenship: half Estonian citizens, quarter citizens
of the third countries (mostly Russian), quarter non-citizens with ‘grey passport’
  National integration policies starting from 1997
  Focus on legal and linguistic and systemic aspects of integration, underestimation of social
integration
  Separate language communities reproduced by dual education and media systems
  Politization of integration issues, ethnic card in politics has been played by both sides
  External risks, related to Russian militant politics, especially information war, and Western
inadequate interpretations of this situation
  Positive developments due to generation change. Appearance on the Estonian public scene
multilingual young representatives of the new pro-Western and pro-Estonian cultural and political
elite
  Pragmatic co-existence of minority and majority. Westernization and Europeanization instead of
‘Estonization’?
  Strengthening systemic integration on local and national level, social integration still quite weak
Half of the members of the Russain speaking minority are
positioning themselves on the lower part of the social scale
Distribution of ethnic estonians and Russian-speaking minority
groups on the scale of self-stratification 2014
13
16
28
23
19
26
23
21
16
14
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Madalkiht Madal-
keskkiht
Keskkiht Kõrg-
keskkiht
Kõrgkiht
Eestlane
Mitte-eestlane
General attitude among the Russian minority
concerning changes in Estonian sociey has remained
more negative than positive
Evaluation of changes in Estonia by Estonian and Russian
speaking respondents
2002-2014
65
72
68
59 61
19
12 15
22
19
35
43
29 28
3130
18
32
38
32
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
2002 2005 2008 2011 2014
Estonians positive
Estonians negative
-
Russophones positive
Russophones negative
Trust in Estonian state is one of the major indicators
of integration
55
34
11
25
41
34
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
%
Estonians Russian minority
Do you trust Estonian state?
High trust
Don't know
Low trust
What is the role of the media in the proces of
integration?
Is it mirror, window, meeting place or
battleground?
  creating public images, constructing self-perception of minorities vs majorities
  reducing uncertainties and providing control over one’s environment by monitoring events
and communicating ‘facts’
  creating mutual understanding by shared social imaginaries, insights in the ‘other’ social
reality, giving projections of the available choices and visions for the future
  disseminating shared ideas, values, attitudes and opinions among majority and minority
  building trust or mistrust, shaping self-perception and perception of the ‘others’
  providing common standards, disseminating best practices, constructing ‘what is normal’
  creating images of opinion leaders who represent ethnic minority in public debate
  constructing and supporting role models, loyalties and identities
  supporting participation of minority in common cultural events
  mobilizing for mass actions, civic campaigns
  closing different language communities in isolated ‘information bubble’
  constructing and amplifying ethnic conflict and alienation
Media functionalities in the process of integration
Multicultural media space
  Different mediascapes in Estonian and Russian language
  Influence of Russia’s media (reaching 85% of russophones), weaker position of
the local russian-language media (reaching 10-45%),
  Deficit of russian-language official information
  Russian language local press: 5-10 %
  5-15% of Russian minority is following Estonian language media
  Public broadcasting success story: Radio 4 with regular audience over 40 %
  Successful launching of the Russian-language ETV+ channel
  Social media in Russian language over 50%
  Cultural media: theater, documentaries
  Minority representatives in Estonian language media
  Transnational TV (Euronews, Discovery etc, in Russian translation) actively
followed by Russian- speaking audience
Strategy of Russian information war
  Stereotyping and ridiculizing Baltic states as ‘cruel dwarfs’, depicting them as
meaningless states without future
  Disseminating and enhancing negative news about the Baltic states, especially about
the ‘discrimination’ of minorities, amplifying any possibility of ethnic conflict
  Constructing ambivalent common ‘transborder’ space, embracing Russian speaking
population in Baltic countries as a part of the ‘Russian world’, however living in the
local commercial environment, constructed by inclusion of the local (Estonian,
Latvian) advertising in the Russian media programme
  Disseminating pro-Soviet nostalgia
  Using representatives of the Baltic Russian communities as a part of the Russian
common position in the dispute over Ukraine
  Diminishing and pulling down international role of the EU, amplifying inner conflicts
in EU and supporting anti-European parties in Europe
  Disseminating doubts and mistrust concerning national and European institutions
The most important role, Estonian media
could play in minority integration, is to build
mutual trust!
International conference on integration
Shared Identities in diverse communities:
the Role of Culture, Media and Civil Society
16 – 17 November 2017 in Tallinn, Estonia
For more conference videos and presentations
please visit: www.integrationconference.ee

More Related Content

What's hot

MHalushka Published MPhil Thesis
MHalushka Published MPhil ThesisMHalushka Published MPhil Thesis
MHalushka Published MPhil Thesis
Myroslava Hartmond
 
The Separatist War in Donbas: A Violent Break-up of Ukraine?
The Separatist War in Donbas: A Violent Break-up of Ukraine?The Separatist War in Donbas: A Violent Break-up of Ukraine?
The Separatist War in Donbas: A Violent Break-up of Ukraine?
DonbassFullAccess
 
The myth of two Ukraines
The myth of two UkrainesThe myth of two Ukraines
The myth of two Ukraines
Bertelsmann Stiftung
 
Final sprawozdanie merytoryczne 2015 eng_fin_done_fin
Final sprawozdanie merytoryczne 2015 eng_fin_done_finFinal sprawozdanie merytoryczne 2015 eng_fin_done_fin
Final sprawozdanie merytoryczne 2015 eng_fin_done_fin
odfoundation
 
shrinking_spaces_25-10-2016_-_web
shrinking_spaces_25-10-2016_-_webshrinking_spaces_25-10-2016_-_web
shrinking_spaces_25-10-2016_-_web
Ivana Dragsic
 
Edited work camps 2015 копия
Edited work camps 2015   копияEdited work camps 2015   копия
Edited work camps 2015 копия
alexjuls
 
Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict
Conflict in Media and Media in ConflictConflict in Media and Media in Conflict
Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict
Михайло Дяків
 
Music and national identity
Music and national identityMusic and national identity
Music and national identity
Iain Muego
 
Dr. Jim Lee Presentation on the 2020 Census
Dr. Jim Lee Presentation on the 2020 CensusDr. Jim Lee Presentation on the 2020 Census
Dr. Jim Lee Presentation on the 2020 Census
HoldenHopkins
 
Symbolic Violence in Cities of Contemporary Ukraine
Symbolic Violence in Cities of Contemporary UkraineSymbolic Violence in Cities of Contemporary Ukraine
Symbolic Violence in Cities of Contemporary Ukraine
Maidan Monitoring Information Center
 
ED 3120.02 Unit Plan References
ED 3120.02 Unit Plan ReferencesED 3120.02 Unit Plan References
ED 3120.02 Unit Plan References
clarachu_01
 
Policy statewatch16 en
Policy statewatch16 enPolicy statewatch16 en
Policy statewatch16 en
IDIS Viitorul
 
CASE Network Studies and Analyses 367 - Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Co...
CASE Network Studies and Analyses 367 - Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Co...CASE Network Studies and Analyses 367 - Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Co...
CASE Network Studies and Analyses 367 - Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Co...
CASE Center for Social and Economic Research
 
Coercion to “Integration”: Russia's Creeping Assault on the Sovereignity of B...
Coercion to “Integration”: Russia's Creeping Assault on the Sovereignity of B...Coercion to “Integration”: Russia's Creeping Assault on the Sovereignity of B...
Coercion to “Integration”: Russia's Creeping Assault on the Sovereignity of B...
Maidan Monitoring Information Center
 
Media and International Relations01
Media and International Relations01Media and International Relations01
Media and International Relations01
AndrejSkolkay
 
Resume
ResumeResume
Resume
Noel Massaad
 
Ukrainerussiawarfinal
UkrainerussiawarfinalUkrainerussiawarfinal
Ukrainerussiawarfinal
Yolanda Ramon
 
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspectNational information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
Donetsk Institute of Information
 
Post-election Russia, End of Putin's Era?
Post-election Russia, End of Putin's Era?Post-election Russia, End of Putin's Era?
Post-election Russia, End of Putin's Era?
Oleg Kozlovsky
 

What's hot (19)

MHalushka Published MPhil Thesis
MHalushka Published MPhil ThesisMHalushka Published MPhil Thesis
MHalushka Published MPhil Thesis
 
The Separatist War in Donbas: A Violent Break-up of Ukraine?
The Separatist War in Donbas: A Violent Break-up of Ukraine?The Separatist War in Donbas: A Violent Break-up of Ukraine?
The Separatist War in Donbas: A Violent Break-up of Ukraine?
 
The myth of two Ukraines
The myth of two UkrainesThe myth of two Ukraines
The myth of two Ukraines
 
Final sprawozdanie merytoryczne 2015 eng_fin_done_fin
Final sprawozdanie merytoryczne 2015 eng_fin_done_finFinal sprawozdanie merytoryczne 2015 eng_fin_done_fin
Final sprawozdanie merytoryczne 2015 eng_fin_done_fin
 
shrinking_spaces_25-10-2016_-_web
shrinking_spaces_25-10-2016_-_webshrinking_spaces_25-10-2016_-_web
shrinking_spaces_25-10-2016_-_web
 
Edited work camps 2015 копия
Edited work camps 2015   копияEdited work camps 2015   копия
Edited work camps 2015 копия
 
Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict
Conflict in Media and Media in ConflictConflict in Media and Media in Conflict
Conflict in Media and Media in Conflict
 
Music and national identity
Music and national identityMusic and national identity
Music and national identity
 
Dr. Jim Lee Presentation on the 2020 Census
Dr. Jim Lee Presentation on the 2020 CensusDr. Jim Lee Presentation on the 2020 Census
Dr. Jim Lee Presentation on the 2020 Census
 
Symbolic Violence in Cities of Contemporary Ukraine
Symbolic Violence in Cities of Contemporary UkraineSymbolic Violence in Cities of Contemporary Ukraine
Symbolic Violence in Cities of Contemporary Ukraine
 
ED 3120.02 Unit Plan References
ED 3120.02 Unit Plan ReferencesED 3120.02 Unit Plan References
ED 3120.02 Unit Plan References
 
Policy statewatch16 en
Policy statewatch16 enPolicy statewatch16 en
Policy statewatch16 en
 
CASE Network Studies and Analyses 367 - Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Co...
CASE Network Studies and Analyses 367 - Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Co...CASE Network Studies and Analyses 367 - Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Co...
CASE Network Studies and Analyses 367 - Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Co...
 
Coercion to “Integration”: Russia's Creeping Assault on the Sovereignity of B...
Coercion to “Integration”: Russia's Creeping Assault on the Sovereignity of B...Coercion to “Integration”: Russia's Creeping Assault on the Sovereignity of B...
Coercion to “Integration”: Russia's Creeping Assault on the Sovereignity of B...
 
Media and International Relations01
Media and International Relations01Media and International Relations01
Media and International Relations01
 
Resume
ResumeResume
Resume
 
Ukrainerussiawarfinal
UkrainerussiawarfinalUkrainerussiawarfinal
Ukrainerussiawarfinal
 
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspectNational information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
National information policy in the face of russian aggression regional aspect
 
Post-election Russia, End of Putin's Era?
Post-election Russia, End of Putin's Era?Post-election Russia, End of Putin's Era?
Post-election Russia, End of Putin's Era?
 

Similar to Lauristin role of media

Integration policies and acculturation in Estonian society in last two decade...
Integration policies and acculturation in Estonian society in last two decade...Integration policies and acculturation in Estonian society in last two decade...
Integration policies and acculturation in Estonian society in last two decade...
Global Utmaning
 
Ways of self-positioning through the reception of news among Estonian Russian...
Ways of self-positioning through the reception of news among Estonian Russian...Ways of self-positioning through the reception of news among Estonian Russian...
Ways of self-positioning through the reception of news among Estonian Russian...
misakonverents
 
Be the Messenger Toolkit_compressed
Be the Messenger Toolkit_compressedBe the Messenger Toolkit_compressed
Be the Messenger Toolkit_compressed
Ulla Malecki
 
The trouble of national minorities
The trouble of national minoritiesThe trouble of national minorities
The trouble of national minorities
Anna Maria Machaj
 
Post Soviet Pr
Post Soviet PrPost Soviet Pr
Post Soviet Pr
group4blog
 
Scenary of Post-Soviet Development
Scenary of Post-Soviet DevelopmentScenary of Post-Soviet Development
Scenary of Post-Soviet Development
Julia_Bidenko
 
Language use and_language_policy_in_central_asia
Language use and_language_policy_in_central_asiaLanguage use and_language_policy_in_central_asia
Language use and_language_policy_in_central_asia
Bellamar Inc.
 
IRSPM 2015
IRSPM 2015IRSPM 2015
IRSPM 2015
Aet Kiisla
 
Formation of a Language Personality under the Influence of the Mass Media
Formation of a Language Personality under the Influence of the Mass MediaFormation of a Language Personality under the Influence of the Mass Media
Formation of a Language Personality under the Influence of the Mass Media
ijtsrd
 
Nationalism is exclusionary by definition
Nationalism is exclusionary by definitionNationalism is exclusionary by definition
Nationalism is exclusionary by definition
AzmiSuhaimi
 
Annual Review 2022-23.pdf
Annual Review 2022-23.pdfAnnual Review 2022-23.pdf
Annual Review 2022-23.pdf
TeabeAmet
 
KAPO_Annual_Review_2023.pdf
KAPO_Annual_Review_2023.pdfKAPO_Annual_Review_2023.pdf
KAPO_Annual_Review_2023.pdf
TeabeAmet
 
KAPO_Annual_Review_2022-23.pdf
KAPO_Annual_Review_2022-23.pdfKAPO_Annual_Review_2022-23.pdf
KAPO_Annual_Review_2022-23.pdf
TeabeAmet
 
Civic european cities in the age of national populism
Civic european cities in the age of national populismCivic european cities in the age of national populism
Civic european cities in the age of national populism
City of Gdansk
 
burgos_university_ciuladiene.pptx
burgos_university_ciuladiene.pptxburgos_university_ciuladiene.pptx
burgos_university_ciuladiene.pptx
HarleyLaus1
 
Eleonora Insalaco - Head of Intercultural Research and Programming
Eleonora Insalaco - Head of Intercultural Research and ProgrammingEleonora Insalaco - Head of Intercultural Research and Programming
Eleonora Insalaco - Head of Intercultural Research and Programming
Crew Project
 
Triin Ulla: Program "Youth meetings"
Triin Ulla: Program "Youth meetings"Triin Ulla: Program "Youth meetings"
Triin Ulla: Program "Youth meetings"
integratsioonisihtasutus
 
Langnatpres
LangnatpresLangnatpres
Langnatpres
jbrint
 
Group 2 central and south-eastern europe experiences
Group 2 central and south-eastern europe experiencesGroup 2 central and south-eastern europe experiences
Group 2 central and south-eastern europe experiences
nkaloyanova
 
Serbian Minority,Refugees On The Internet
Serbian Minority,Refugees On The InternetSerbian Minority,Refugees On The Internet
Serbian Minority,Refugees On The Internet
Yeungnam University
 

Similar to Lauristin role of media (20)

Integration policies and acculturation in Estonian society in last two decade...
Integration policies and acculturation in Estonian society in last two decade...Integration policies and acculturation in Estonian society in last two decade...
Integration policies and acculturation in Estonian society in last two decade...
 
Ways of self-positioning through the reception of news among Estonian Russian...
Ways of self-positioning through the reception of news among Estonian Russian...Ways of self-positioning through the reception of news among Estonian Russian...
Ways of self-positioning through the reception of news among Estonian Russian...
 
Be the Messenger Toolkit_compressed
Be the Messenger Toolkit_compressedBe the Messenger Toolkit_compressed
Be the Messenger Toolkit_compressed
 
The trouble of national minorities
The trouble of national minoritiesThe trouble of national minorities
The trouble of national minorities
 
Post Soviet Pr
Post Soviet PrPost Soviet Pr
Post Soviet Pr
 
Scenary of Post-Soviet Development
Scenary of Post-Soviet DevelopmentScenary of Post-Soviet Development
Scenary of Post-Soviet Development
 
Language use and_language_policy_in_central_asia
Language use and_language_policy_in_central_asiaLanguage use and_language_policy_in_central_asia
Language use and_language_policy_in_central_asia
 
IRSPM 2015
IRSPM 2015IRSPM 2015
IRSPM 2015
 
Formation of a Language Personality under the Influence of the Mass Media
Formation of a Language Personality under the Influence of the Mass MediaFormation of a Language Personality under the Influence of the Mass Media
Formation of a Language Personality under the Influence of the Mass Media
 
Nationalism is exclusionary by definition
Nationalism is exclusionary by definitionNationalism is exclusionary by definition
Nationalism is exclusionary by definition
 
Annual Review 2022-23.pdf
Annual Review 2022-23.pdfAnnual Review 2022-23.pdf
Annual Review 2022-23.pdf
 
KAPO_Annual_Review_2023.pdf
KAPO_Annual_Review_2023.pdfKAPO_Annual_Review_2023.pdf
KAPO_Annual_Review_2023.pdf
 
KAPO_Annual_Review_2022-23.pdf
KAPO_Annual_Review_2022-23.pdfKAPO_Annual_Review_2022-23.pdf
KAPO_Annual_Review_2022-23.pdf
 
Civic european cities in the age of national populism
Civic european cities in the age of national populismCivic european cities in the age of national populism
Civic european cities in the age of national populism
 
burgos_university_ciuladiene.pptx
burgos_university_ciuladiene.pptxburgos_university_ciuladiene.pptx
burgos_university_ciuladiene.pptx
 
Eleonora Insalaco - Head of Intercultural Research and Programming
Eleonora Insalaco - Head of Intercultural Research and ProgrammingEleonora Insalaco - Head of Intercultural Research and Programming
Eleonora Insalaco - Head of Intercultural Research and Programming
 
Triin Ulla: Program "Youth meetings"
Triin Ulla: Program "Youth meetings"Triin Ulla: Program "Youth meetings"
Triin Ulla: Program "Youth meetings"
 
Langnatpres
LangnatpresLangnatpres
Langnatpres
 
Group 2 central and south-eastern europe experiences
Group 2 central and south-eastern europe experiencesGroup 2 central and south-eastern europe experiences
Group 2 central and south-eastern europe experiences
 
Serbian Minority,Refugees On The Internet
Serbian Minority,Refugees On The InternetSerbian Minority,Refugees On The Internet
Serbian Minority,Refugees On The Internet
 

More from misakonverents

Berkeley Bursting your Bubble. New Media, New Integration
Berkeley Bursting your Bubble. New Media, New IntegrationBerkeley Bursting your Bubble. New Media, New Integration
Berkeley Bursting your Bubble. New Media, New Integration
misakonverents
 
Diversity in Estonian enterprises and Estonian Diversity Charter
Diversity in Estonian enterprises and Estonian Diversity CharterDiversity in Estonian enterprises and Estonian Diversity Charter
Diversity in Estonian enterprises and Estonian Diversity Charter
misakonverents
 
Segregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunities
Segregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunitiesSegregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunities
Segregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunities
misakonverents
 
Comparing aspects of multiculturalism and interculturalism as inseparable ele...
Comparing aspects of multiculturalism and interculturalism as inseparable ele...Comparing aspects of multiculturalism and interculturalism as inseparable ele...
Comparing aspects of multiculturalism and interculturalism as inseparable ele...
misakonverents
 
Comparison of acculturation outcomes among Russian minority and native majori...
Comparison of acculturation outcomes among Russian minority and native majori...Comparison of acculturation outcomes among Russian minority and native majori...
Comparison of acculturation outcomes among Russian minority and native majori...
misakonverents
 
Examining the multiculturalism hypothesis in Norway among Russian-speaking im...
Examining the multiculturalism hypothesis in Norway among Russian-speaking im...Examining the multiculturalism hypothesis in Norway among Russian-speaking im...
Examining the multiculturalism hypothesis in Norway among Russian-speaking im...
misakonverents
 
Identity and Intergroup Positioning in Relation to the Common Past
Identity and Intergroup Positioning in Relation to the Common PastIdentity and Intergroup Positioning in Relation to the Common Past
Identity and Intergroup Positioning in Relation to the Common Past
misakonverents
 
Identity, Integration and Estonia
Identity, Integration and EstoniaIdentity, Integration and Estonia
Identity, Integration and Estonia
misakonverents
 
Inclusive leadership to support diversity in education sector
Inclusive leadership to support diversity in education sectorInclusive leadership to support diversity in education sector
Inclusive leadership to support diversity in education sector
misakonverents
 
Memory Conflicts in History Lessons
Memory Conflicts in History LessonsMemory Conflicts in History Lessons
Memory Conflicts in History Lessons
misakonverents
 
How to develop intercultural competence through non-formal learning methods?
How to develop intercultural competence through non-formal learning methods?How to develop intercultural competence through non-formal learning methods?
How to develop intercultural competence through non-formal learning methods?
misakonverents
 
Attitudes of Estonian Population towards New Migrants
Attitudes of Estonian Population towards New MigrantsAttitudes of Estonian Population towards New Migrants
Attitudes of Estonian Population towards New Migrants
misakonverents
 
Ethnic Divide in the Estonian Labour Market
Ethnic Divide in the Estonian Labour MarketEthnic Divide in the Estonian Labour Market
Ethnic Divide in the Estonian Labour Market
misakonverents
 
Rasmus Rask Multilingual school in Kalamaja, Tallinn
Rasmus Rask Multilingual school in Kalamaja, TallinnRasmus Rask Multilingual school in Kalamaja, Tallinn
Rasmus Rask Multilingual school in Kalamaja, Tallinn
misakonverents
 
Dr. Aune Valk: A dream of multicultural school in Estonia
Dr. Aune Valk: A dream of multicultural school in EstoniaDr. Aune Valk: A dream of multicultural school in Estonia
Dr. Aune Valk: A dream of multicultural school in Estonia
misakonverents
 
Dr. Katarina Norberg: Intercultural Education in Turbulent Times. Challenges ...
Dr. Katarina Norberg: Intercultural Education in Turbulent Times. Challenges ...Dr. Katarina Norberg: Intercultural Education in Turbulent Times. Challenges ...
Dr. Katarina Norberg: Intercultural Education in Turbulent Times. Challenges ...
misakonverents
 
Katerina Danilova: Can discussions only actually help us?
Katerina Danilova: Can discussions only actually help us?Katerina Danilova: Can discussions only actually help us?
Katerina Danilova: Can discussions only actually help us?
misakonverents
 
Leif Magnusson: Unesco LUCS – local Unesco center for collaboration
Leif Magnusson: Unesco LUCS – local Unesco center for collaborationLeif Magnusson: Unesco LUCS – local Unesco center for collaboration
Leif Magnusson: Unesco LUCS – local Unesco center for collaboration
misakonverents
 
Prof. Mikko Lagerspetz: Civil Society, Diversity and Civility
Prof. Mikko Lagerspetz: Civil Society, Diversity and CivilityProf. Mikko Lagerspetz: Civil Society, Diversity and Civility
Prof. Mikko Lagerspetz: Civil Society, Diversity and Civility
misakonverents
 
Raivo Vare: Shrinking workforce pool and challenges of development of the Est...
Raivo Vare: Shrinking workforce pool and challenges of development of the Est...Raivo Vare: Shrinking workforce pool and challenges of development of the Est...
Raivo Vare: Shrinking workforce pool and challenges of development of the Est...
misakonverents
 

More from misakonverents (20)

Berkeley Bursting your Bubble. New Media, New Integration
Berkeley Bursting your Bubble. New Media, New IntegrationBerkeley Bursting your Bubble. New Media, New Integration
Berkeley Bursting your Bubble. New Media, New Integration
 
Diversity in Estonian enterprises and Estonian Diversity Charter
Diversity in Estonian enterprises and Estonian Diversity CharterDiversity in Estonian enterprises and Estonian Diversity Charter
Diversity in Estonian enterprises and Estonian Diversity Charter
 
Segregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunities
Segregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunitiesSegregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunities
Segregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunities
 
Comparing aspects of multiculturalism and interculturalism as inseparable ele...
Comparing aspects of multiculturalism and interculturalism as inseparable ele...Comparing aspects of multiculturalism and interculturalism as inseparable ele...
Comparing aspects of multiculturalism and interculturalism as inseparable ele...
 
Comparison of acculturation outcomes among Russian minority and native majori...
Comparison of acculturation outcomes among Russian minority and native majori...Comparison of acculturation outcomes among Russian minority and native majori...
Comparison of acculturation outcomes among Russian minority and native majori...
 
Examining the multiculturalism hypothesis in Norway among Russian-speaking im...
Examining the multiculturalism hypothesis in Norway among Russian-speaking im...Examining the multiculturalism hypothesis in Norway among Russian-speaking im...
Examining the multiculturalism hypothesis in Norway among Russian-speaking im...
 
Identity and Intergroup Positioning in Relation to the Common Past
Identity and Intergroup Positioning in Relation to the Common PastIdentity and Intergroup Positioning in Relation to the Common Past
Identity and Intergroup Positioning in Relation to the Common Past
 
Identity, Integration and Estonia
Identity, Integration and EstoniaIdentity, Integration and Estonia
Identity, Integration and Estonia
 
Inclusive leadership to support diversity in education sector
Inclusive leadership to support diversity in education sectorInclusive leadership to support diversity in education sector
Inclusive leadership to support diversity in education sector
 
Memory Conflicts in History Lessons
Memory Conflicts in History LessonsMemory Conflicts in History Lessons
Memory Conflicts in History Lessons
 
How to develop intercultural competence through non-formal learning methods?
How to develop intercultural competence through non-formal learning methods?How to develop intercultural competence through non-formal learning methods?
How to develop intercultural competence through non-formal learning methods?
 
Attitudes of Estonian Population towards New Migrants
Attitudes of Estonian Population towards New MigrantsAttitudes of Estonian Population towards New Migrants
Attitudes of Estonian Population towards New Migrants
 
Ethnic Divide in the Estonian Labour Market
Ethnic Divide in the Estonian Labour MarketEthnic Divide in the Estonian Labour Market
Ethnic Divide in the Estonian Labour Market
 
Rasmus Rask Multilingual school in Kalamaja, Tallinn
Rasmus Rask Multilingual school in Kalamaja, TallinnRasmus Rask Multilingual school in Kalamaja, Tallinn
Rasmus Rask Multilingual school in Kalamaja, Tallinn
 
Dr. Aune Valk: A dream of multicultural school in Estonia
Dr. Aune Valk: A dream of multicultural school in EstoniaDr. Aune Valk: A dream of multicultural school in Estonia
Dr. Aune Valk: A dream of multicultural school in Estonia
 
Dr. Katarina Norberg: Intercultural Education in Turbulent Times. Challenges ...
Dr. Katarina Norberg: Intercultural Education in Turbulent Times. Challenges ...Dr. Katarina Norberg: Intercultural Education in Turbulent Times. Challenges ...
Dr. Katarina Norberg: Intercultural Education in Turbulent Times. Challenges ...
 
Katerina Danilova: Can discussions only actually help us?
Katerina Danilova: Can discussions only actually help us?Katerina Danilova: Can discussions only actually help us?
Katerina Danilova: Can discussions only actually help us?
 
Leif Magnusson: Unesco LUCS – local Unesco center for collaboration
Leif Magnusson: Unesco LUCS – local Unesco center for collaborationLeif Magnusson: Unesco LUCS – local Unesco center for collaboration
Leif Magnusson: Unesco LUCS – local Unesco center for collaboration
 
Prof. Mikko Lagerspetz: Civil Society, Diversity and Civility
Prof. Mikko Lagerspetz: Civil Society, Diversity and CivilityProf. Mikko Lagerspetz: Civil Society, Diversity and Civility
Prof. Mikko Lagerspetz: Civil Society, Diversity and Civility
 
Raivo Vare: Shrinking workforce pool and challenges of development of the Est...
Raivo Vare: Shrinking workforce pool and challenges of development of the Est...Raivo Vare: Shrinking workforce pool and challenges of development of the Est...
Raivo Vare: Shrinking workforce pool and challenges of development of the Est...
 

Recently uploaded

在线办理美国乔治华盛顿大学毕业证(gwu毕业证书)学历学位证书原版一模一样
在线办理美国乔治华盛顿大学毕业证(gwu毕业证书)学历学位证书原版一模一样在线办理美国乔治华盛顿大学毕业证(gwu毕业证书)学历学位证书原版一模一样
在线办理美国乔治华盛顿大学毕业证(gwu毕业证书)学历学位证书原版一模一样
9d5c8i83
 
The Power of Community Newsletters: A Case Study from Wolverton and Greenleys...
The Power of Community Newsletters: A Case Study from Wolverton and Greenleys...The Power of Community Newsletters: A Case Study from Wolverton and Greenleys...
The Power of Community Newsletters: A Case Study from Wolverton and Greenleys...
Scribe
 
Lecture 7 Module VII Agriculture Insurance - Support Services (2).pdf
Lecture 7 Module VII Agriculture Insurance - Support Services (2).pdfLecture 7 Module VII Agriculture Insurance - Support Services (2).pdf
Lecture 7 Module VII Agriculture Insurance - Support Services (2).pdf
tshree896
 
karnataka housing board schemes . all schemes
karnataka housing board schemes . all schemeskarnataka housing board schemes . all schemes
karnataka housing board schemes . all schemes
narinav14
 
Milton Keynes Hospital Charity - A guide to leaving a gift in your Will
Milton Keynes Hospital Charity - A guide to leaving a gift in your WillMilton Keynes Hospital Charity - A guide to leaving a gift in your Will
Milton Keynes Hospital Charity - A guide to leaving a gift in your Will
fundraising4
 
一比一原版(utas学位证书)澳洲塔斯马尼亚大学毕业证成绩单一模一样
一比一原版(utas学位证书)澳洲塔斯马尼亚大学毕业证成绩单一模一样一比一原版(utas学位证书)澳洲塔斯马尼亚大学毕业证成绩单一模一样
一比一原版(utas学位证书)澳洲塔斯马尼亚大学毕业证成绩单一模一样
taqyea
 
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, June 2024 (1).pdf
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, June 2024 (1).pdfG7 Apulia Leaders Communique, June 2024 (1).pdf
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, June 2024 (1).pdf
Energy for One World
 
在线办理(西班牙UPV毕业证书)瓦伦西亚理工大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
在线办理(西班牙UPV毕业证书)瓦伦西亚理工大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样在线办理(西班牙UPV毕业证书)瓦伦西亚理工大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
在线办理(西班牙UPV毕业证书)瓦伦西亚理工大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
dj1cx4ex
 
Health Insurance Coverage for the U.S. Population, 2024 to 2034
Health Insurance Coverage for the U.S. Population, 2024 to 2034Health Insurance Coverage for the U.S. Population, 2024 to 2034
Health Insurance Coverage for the U.S. Population, 2024 to 2034
Congressional Budget Office
 
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证如何办理
teeaszt
 
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 41
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 412024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 41
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 41
JSchaus & Associates
 
ColombiaPresentation.pptx macroeconomics
ColombiaPresentation.pptx macroeconomicsColombiaPresentation.pptx macroeconomics
ColombiaPresentation.pptx macroeconomics
JuanFelipeHerrera4
 
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 42
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 422024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 42
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 42
JSchaus & Associates
 
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, 14th June 2024
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, 14th June 2024G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, 14th June 2024
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, 14th June 2024
Energy for One World
 
Spending in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, 2010 to 2021
Spending in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, 2010 to 2021Spending in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, 2010 to 2021
Spending in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, 2010 to 2021
Congressional Budget Office
 
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER_6_IMMIGRATION_REGIME.pdf
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER_6_IMMIGRATION_REGIME.pdfGUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER_6_IMMIGRATION_REGIME.pdf
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER_6_IMMIGRATION_REGIME.pdf
ProexportColombia1
 
CBO's Immigration Projections - Presentation
CBO's Immigration Projections - PresentationCBO's Immigration Projections - Presentation
CBO's Immigration Projections - Presentation
Congressional Budget Office
 
TRUE BOOK OF LIFE 1.15 OF TRUE JESUS CHRIST
TRUE BOOK OF LIFE 1.15 OF TRUE JESUS CHRISTTRUE BOOK OF LIFE 1.15 OF TRUE JESUS CHRIST
TRUE BOOK OF LIFE 1.15 OF TRUE JESUS CHRIST
Cheong Man Keong
 
History Of Balochistan amazing .pptx / HOB
History Of Balochistan amazing .pptx      / HOBHistory Of Balochistan amazing .pptx      / HOB
History Of Balochistan amazing .pptx / HOB
uzma baloch
 
一比一原版英国阿伯丁大学毕业证(AU毕业证书)学历如何办理
一比一原版英国阿伯丁大学毕业证(AU毕业证书)学历如何办理一比一原版英国阿伯丁大学毕业证(AU毕业证书)学历如何办理
一比一原版英国阿伯丁大学毕业证(AU毕业证书)学历如何办理
afsebu
 

Recently uploaded (20)

在线办理美国乔治华盛顿大学毕业证(gwu毕业证书)学历学位证书原版一模一样
在线办理美国乔治华盛顿大学毕业证(gwu毕业证书)学历学位证书原版一模一样在线办理美国乔治华盛顿大学毕业证(gwu毕业证书)学历学位证书原版一模一样
在线办理美国乔治华盛顿大学毕业证(gwu毕业证书)学历学位证书原版一模一样
 
The Power of Community Newsletters: A Case Study from Wolverton and Greenleys...
The Power of Community Newsletters: A Case Study from Wolverton and Greenleys...The Power of Community Newsletters: A Case Study from Wolverton and Greenleys...
The Power of Community Newsletters: A Case Study from Wolverton and Greenleys...
 
Lecture 7 Module VII Agriculture Insurance - Support Services (2).pdf
Lecture 7 Module VII Agriculture Insurance - Support Services (2).pdfLecture 7 Module VII Agriculture Insurance - Support Services (2).pdf
Lecture 7 Module VII Agriculture Insurance - Support Services (2).pdf
 
karnataka housing board schemes . all schemes
karnataka housing board schemes . all schemeskarnataka housing board schemes . all schemes
karnataka housing board schemes . all schemes
 
Milton Keynes Hospital Charity - A guide to leaving a gift in your Will
Milton Keynes Hospital Charity - A guide to leaving a gift in your WillMilton Keynes Hospital Charity - A guide to leaving a gift in your Will
Milton Keynes Hospital Charity - A guide to leaving a gift in your Will
 
一比一原版(utas学位证书)澳洲塔斯马尼亚大学毕业证成绩单一模一样
一比一原版(utas学位证书)澳洲塔斯马尼亚大学毕业证成绩单一模一样一比一原版(utas学位证书)澳洲塔斯马尼亚大学毕业证成绩单一模一样
一比一原版(utas学位证书)澳洲塔斯马尼亚大学毕业证成绩单一模一样
 
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, June 2024 (1).pdf
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, June 2024 (1).pdfG7 Apulia Leaders Communique, June 2024 (1).pdf
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, June 2024 (1).pdf
 
在线办理(西班牙UPV毕业证书)瓦伦西亚理工大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
在线办理(西班牙UPV毕业证书)瓦伦西亚理工大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样在线办理(西班牙UPV毕业证书)瓦伦西亚理工大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
在线办理(西班牙UPV毕业证书)瓦伦西亚理工大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
 
Health Insurance Coverage for the U.S. Population, 2024 to 2034
Health Insurance Coverage for the U.S. Population, 2024 to 2034Health Insurance Coverage for the U.S. Population, 2024 to 2034
Health Insurance Coverage for the U.S. Population, 2024 to 2034
 
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(Adelaide毕业证)阿德莱德大学毕业证如何办理
 
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 41
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 412024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 41
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 41
 
ColombiaPresentation.pptx macroeconomics
ColombiaPresentation.pptx macroeconomicsColombiaPresentation.pptx macroeconomics
ColombiaPresentation.pptx macroeconomics
 
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 42
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 422024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 42
2024: The FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulations, Part 42
 
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, 14th June 2024
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, 14th June 2024G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, 14th June 2024
G7 Apulia Leaders Communique, 14th June 2024
 
Spending in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, 2010 to 2021
Spending in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, 2010 to 2021Spending in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, 2010 to 2021
Spending in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, 2010 to 2021
 
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER_6_IMMIGRATION_REGIME.pdf
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER_6_IMMIGRATION_REGIME.pdfGUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER_6_IMMIGRATION_REGIME.pdf
GUIA_LEGAL_CHAPTER_6_IMMIGRATION_REGIME.pdf
 
CBO's Immigration Projections - Presentation
CBO's Immigration Projections - PresentationCBO's Immigration Projections - Presentation
CBO's Immigration Projections - Presentation
 
TRUE BOOK OF LIFE 1.15 OF TRUE JESUS CHRIST
TRUE BOOK OF LIFE 1.15 OF TRUE JESUS CHRISTTRUE BOOK OF LIFE 1.15 OF TRUE JESUS CHRIST
TRUE BOOK OF LIFE 1.15 OF TRUE JESUS CHRIST
 
History Of Balochistan amazing .pptx / HOB
History Of Balochistan amazing .pptx      / HOBHistory Of Balochistan amazing .pptx      / HOB
History Of Balochistan amazing .pptx / HOB
 
一比一原版英国阿伯丁大学毕业证(AU毕业证书)学历如何办理
一比一原版英国阿伯丁大学毕业证(AU毕业证书)学历如何办理一比一原版英国阿伯丁大学毕业证(AU毕业证书)学历如何办理
一比一原版英国阿伯丁大学毕业证(AU毕业证书)学历如何办理
 

Lauristin role of media

  • 1. The role of media in minority integration: lessons from Estonian experience International conference on integration „Shared Identities in Diverse Communities: the Role of Culture, Media and Civil Society“ 16 – 17 November 2017 in Tallinn, Estonia Prof. Marju Lauristin University of Tartu, Estonia
  • 2. Concept and scope of integration   System integration   legal – citizenship, equal rights, lack of discrimination   political – participation in political activities, influence on decision- making   economic – ownership, business opportunities, employment   Social and cultural integration   common language and education   inclusion in community life, networking, solidarity, families, personal relationships   shared meanings, values, habits of everyday life, symbols, rituals, memories   common identity
  • 3. Dimensions of integration System integration, common institutional rules and space of activities Social inclusion Political and economic participationinformation Social integration, common community of values respect trust opportunity influence
  • 4. Estonian experience   Specific context, similar to post-colonial situation   Structure of minority population according to citizenship: half Estonian citizens, quarter citizens of the third countries (mostly Russian), quarter non-citizens with ‘grey passport’   National integration policies starting from 1997   Focus on legal and linguistic and systemic aspects of integration, underestimation of social integration   Separate language communities reproduced by dual education and media systems   Politization of integration issues, ethnic card in politics has been played by both sides   External risks, related to Russian militant politics, especially information war, and Western inadequate interpretations of this situation   Positive developments due to generation change. Appearance on the Estonian public scene multilingual young representatives of the new pro-Western and pro-Estonian cultural and political elite   Pragmatic co-existence of minority and majority. Westernization and Europeanization instead of ‘Estonization’?   Strengthening systemic integration on local and national level, social integration still quite weak
  • 5. Half of the members of the Russain speaking minority are positioning themselves on the lower part of the social scale Distribution of ethnic estonians and Russian-speaking minority groups on the scale of self-stratification 2014 13 16 28 23 19 26 23 21 16 14 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Madalkiht Madal- keskkiht Keskkiht Kõrg- keskkiht Kõrgkiht Eestlane Mitte-eestlane
  • 6. General attitude among the Russian minority concerning changes in Estonian sociey has remained more negative than positive Evaluation of changes in Estonia by Estonian and Russian speaking respondents 2002-2014 65 72 68 59 61 19 12 15 22 19 35 43 29 28 3130 18 32 38 32 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2002 2005 2008 2011 2014 Estonians positive Estonians negative - Russophones positive Russophones negative
  • 7. Trust in Estonian state is one of the major indicators of integration 55 34 11 25 41 34 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 % Estonians Russian minority Do you trust Estonian state? High trust Don't know Low trust
  • 8. What is the role of the media in the proces of integration? Is it mirror, window, meeting place or battleground?
  • 9.   creating public images, constructing self-perception of minorities vs majorities   reducing uncertainties and providing control over one’s environment by monitoring events and communicating ‘facts’   creating mutual understanding by shared social imaginaries, insights in the ‘other’ social reality, giving projections of the available choices and visions for the future   disseminating shared ideas, values, attitudes and opinions among majority and minority   building trust or mistrust, shaping self-perception and perception of the ‘others’   providing common standards, disseminating best practices, constructing ‘what is normal’   creating images of opinion leaders who represent ethnic minority in public debate   constructing and supporting role models, loyalties and identities   supporting participation of minority in common cultural events   mobilizing for mass actions, civic campaigns   closing different language communities in isolated ‘information bubble’   constructing and amplifying ethnic conflict and alienation Media functionalities in the process of integration
  • 10. Multicultural media space   Different mediascapes in Estonian and Russian language   Influence of Russia’s media (reaching 85% of russophones), weaker position of the local russian-language media (reaching 10-45%),   Deficit of russian-language official information   Russian language local press: 5-10 %   5-15% of Russian minority is following Estonian language media   Public broadcasting success story: Radio 4 with regular audience over 40 %   Successful launching of the Russian-language ETV+ channel   Social media in Russian language over 50%   Cultural media: theater, documentaries   Minority representatives in Estonian language media   Transnational TV (Euronews, Discovery etc, in Russian translation) actively followed by Russian- speaking audience
  • 11. Strategy of Russian information war   Stereotyping and ridiculizing Baltic states as ‘cruel dwarfs’, depicting them as meaningless states without future   Disseminating and enhancing negative news about the Baltic states, especially about the ‘discrimination’ of minorities, amplifying any possibility of ethnic conflict   Constructing ambivalent common ‘transborder’ space, embracing Russian speaking population in Baltic countries as a part of the ‘Russian world’, however living in the local commercial environment, constructed by inclusion of the local (Estonian, Latvian) advertising in the Russian media programme   Disseminating pro-Soviet nostalgia   Using representatives of the Baltic Russian communities as a part of the Russian common position in the dispute over Ukraine   Diminishing and pulling down international role of the EU, amplifying inner conflicts in EU and supporting anti-European parties in Europe   Disseminating doubts and mistrust concerning national and European institutions
  • 12. The most important role, Estonian media could play in minority integration, is to build mutual trust!
  • 13. International conference on integration Shared Identities in diverse communities: the Role of Culture, Media and Civil Society 16 – 17 November 2017 in Tallinn, Estonia For more conference videos and presentations please visit: www.integrationconference.ee