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LAURIE BAKER
(THE BRICK MASTER OF KERALA)
SUBMITTED BY
ADNAN HAIDER
VISHAL SINGH
GURLEEN MALHOTRA
IQBAL AZAM
KUSUMITA NEOGI
THE GANDHI OF ARCHITECTURE
NAME : LAURENCE WILFRED BAKER
BORN : 2ND MARCH 1917
DIED : 1ST APRIL 2007
HE WAS KNOWN FOR HIS TRADITIONAL
BUILDING METHODS, USE OF LOCALLY
AVAILABLE MATERIALS TO BUILD ENERGY
EFFICIENT AND LOW-COST BUILDINGS.
LAURIE BAKER GRADUATED IN 1937 AT
THE AGE OF 20 FROM BIRMINGHAM
INSTITUTE OF ART AND
DESIGN ,BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND.
EDUCATION
HIS USP
WHY HE CAME TO INDIA?
• Lawrence Wilfred Baker also called Laurie Baker was a British-born
Indian architect.
• He arrived in India in 1945 and he had an opportunity to use his
architectural skills to help people in need. He enrolled as an architect for
a Mission whose sole purpose was the care of those suffering from
leprosy.
• He was deeply inspired by Gandhi ji,
who talked about the building needs
of the country.
Mahatma Gandhi
INFLUENCES
PHILOSPHY IN PRACTICE
• UNDISTURBED NATURAL STATE.
• MERGE WITH THE SURROUNDING LANDSCAPE.
• THE ARCHITECTURE AT A PLACE SHOULD BE RESPONSIVE TO THE
CLIMATE, CONTEXT AND THE AVAILABLE RESOURCES.
PRINCIPLES
•COST-EFFECTIVENESS.
•USE OF LOCALLY AVAILABE MATERIALS
•RESPECT FOR NATURE
•AVOIDANCE OF ENERGY-INTENSIVE MATERIALS
•WASTAGE MINIMIZATION TO CREATE LOW-COST,
BEAUTIFUL, HIGH QUALITY BUILDINGS
CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES
USE OF CORBELLINGJAALI WORK
WINDOW DOOR
WALLARRANGEMENT
LINTEL
USED OLD BOTTLES IN A STRUCTUREWOOD PLANKS FROM OLD BOAT JETTY
MATERIALS USED
MUD BRICKS. TERRACOTTA ROOF TILES
 1981: D.Litt. conferred by the Royal University of
Netherlands for outstanding work in the developing
countries.
 1983: Order of the British Empire, MBE
 1987: Received the first Indian National Habitat Award
 1988: Received Indian Citizenship
 1989: Indian Institute of Architects Outstanding Architect of
the Year
 1990: Received THE PADMA SRI
 1990: Great Master Architect of the Year
 1992: UNO Habitat Award & UN Roll of Honour
 1993: International Union of Architects (IUA) Award
 1993: Sir Robert Matthew Prize for Improvement of Human
Settlements
 1994: People of the Year Award
 1995: Awarded Doctorate from the University of Central
England
 1998: Awarded Doctorate from Sri Venkateshwara
University
 2001: Coinpar MR Kurup Endowment Award
 2003: Basheer Puraskaram
 2005: Kerala Government Certificate of Appreciation
 2006: L-Ramp Award of Excellence
 2006: Nominated for the Pritzker Prize (considered the
Nobel Prize in
AWARDS
AND
ACHIVEMENTS
HIS WORKS
BAKER’S ARCHITECTURE HAS TO BE
EXPERIENCED , IT CANNOT BE
DESCRIBED
THIS IS BAKER’S HOME IN TRIVANDRUM
1.
KEY FEATURES OF HIS HOUSE ARE:
MUD BRICKS. CIRCULAR WALLS
WOOD FROM TIMBER JETTY.
STAINED GLASS.
DEMOLISHED HOUSE.TERRACOTTA ROOF TILES
GROUND FLOOR
AREA 19.64 M SQ.
FIRST FLOOR
7.08 M SQ.
DRAWINGS
STAIRS DIRECTLY CUT IN ROCK
LEADING UP TOTHE FRONT DOOR
ENTERANCE HAS SMALL
SITTING AREA FOR GUESTS
A CALLING BELL FOR
VISITORS TO ANNOUNCE
THIER PRESENCE
THE WALL IS DECORATED
FROM BROKEN POTTERY,
PENS, GLASS
USE OF NATURAL LIGHT
NEVER CUT TRESS INSTEAD
ADAPTED HID DESIGN
ACCORDINGLY
BAKER’S FONDNESS OF
ARCHES
GABLES FOR PROPER AIR
AND CIRCULATION AND
VENTILATON
GRILL MADE OF BITS
AND PIECES
PITCHED ROOF MADE
OF MANGLORE TILES
WATER TANK FOR STORING
RAIN HARVESTED WATER.
COST EFFECTIVE BAKERS’S WINDOW
LOUVERED WINDOW TYPICAL OF BAKER’S TYPE
STAINED GLASS EFFECT
2. FISHERMEN’S VILLAGE, POONTHURA ,TRIVANDRUM
(1974-75)
CHALLENGES:
•SEVERITY OF ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH THE TRIBAL’S LIVE.
•DEALING WITH CYCLONES
•LIMITATION OF RESOURCES
•DEALING WITH LARGE INSULAR GROUPS, WITH SET IDEAS AND TRADITIONS.
•AREA OF EACH UNIT : 25 SQM
SECTION
ELEVATION
VIEW
PLAN
DESIGN STRATEGIES:
CONSTRUCTION:
• EXPOSED BRICKWORK AND STRUCTURE.
• SLOPED CONCRETE ROOF.
• OPENNESS IN DESIGN AND
INDIVIDUAL UNITS OFFSET EACH OTHER.
DEALING WITH CYCLONES:
• LOW SLOPED ROOFS SERVE AS WIND
CATCHERS.
• LONG ROW OF HOUSING REPLACED BY
EVEN STAGGERING.
OPEN SPACES:
• LITTLE PRIVATE RECTANGLE OF LAND IN
BETWEEN HOUSES FOR SLEEPING,
DRYING NETS, DRYING FISH , KIDS TO
PLAY, AND ALSO PROVIDED A VIEW OF
SEA .
CHALLENGES FACED:
•COST-REDUCTION AS SEATING
CAPACITY WAS THOUSAND.
•INCREASE IN LATERAL STRENGHT
OF BRICK WALL
SOLUTION:
•WIDE CAVITY DOUBLEWALL WITH
CROSS-BRACKING BRICK.
AREA COVERED : 930 SQUARE
METERS.
PROJECT EXPENDITURE : BELOW 1.75
LAKH
3.
1. CHAPEL NAVE
2. SANCTUARY
3. NARTHEX
4. SACRISTY
5. CHAPEL
6. TERRACE
7. AUDITORIUM
8. STAGE
9. GREEN ROOM
10. TOILET
6
217
3 4
6
8
9
9
10
5 5
PROVISION OF JALIS
ELEMENTS
VENTILATION LIGHTING
•Laurie baker (life, work, writing) by Gautam Bhatia.
•Presentation on Lauri Baker by Suvarna Lele Architects.
•https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurie_Baker
•https://www.slideshare.net/lauri baker
REFERENCE

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Lauri baker

  • 1. LAURIE BAKER (THE BRICK MASTER OF KERALA) SUBMITTED BY ADNAN HAIDER VISHAL SINGH GURLEEN MALHOTRA IQBAL AZAM KUSUMITA NEOGI
  • 2. THE GANDHI OF ARCHITECTURE NAME : LAURENCE WILFRED BAKER BORN : 2ND MARCH 1917 DIED : 1ST APRIL 2007 HE WAS KNOWN FOR HIS TRADITIONAL BUILDING METHODS, USE OF LOCALLY AVAILABLE MATERIALS TO BUILD ENERGY EFFICIENT AND LOW-COST BUILDINGS. LAURIE BAKER GRADUATED IN 1937 AT THE AGE OF 20 FROM BIRMINGHAM INSTITUTE OF ART AND DESIGN ,BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND. EDUCATION HIS USP
  • 3. WHY HE CAME TO INDIA? • Lawrence Wilfred Baker also called Laurie Baker was a British-born Indian architect. • He arrived in India in 1945 and he had an opportunity to use his architectural skills to help people in need. He enrolled as an architect for a Mission whose sole purpose was the care of those suffering from leprosy. • He was deeply inspired by Gandhi ji, who talked about the building needs of the country. Mahatma Gandhi INFLUENCES
  • 4. PHILOSPHY IN PRACTICE • UNDISTURBED NATURAL STATE. • MERGE WITH THE SURROUNDING LANDSCAPE. • THE ARCHITECTURE AT A PLACE SHOULD BE RESPONSIVE TO THE CLIMATE, CONTEXT AND THE AVAILABLE RESOURCES. PRINCIPLES •COST-EFFECTIVENESS. •USE OF LOCALLY AVAILABE MATERIALS •RESPECT FOR NATURE •AVOIDANCE OF ENERGY-INTENSIVE MATERIALS •WASTAGE MINIMIZATION TO CREATE LOW-COST, BEAUTIFUL, HIGH QUALITY BUILDINGS
  • 5. CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES USE OF CORBELLINGJAALI WORK WINDOW DOOR WALLARRANGEMENT LINTEL
  • 6. USED OLD BOTTLES IN A STRUCTUREWOOD PLANKS FROM OLD BOAT JETTY MATERIALS USED MUD BRICKS. TERRACOTTA ROOF TILES
  • 7.  1981: D.Litt. conferred by the Royal University of Netherlands for outstanding work in the developing countries.  1983: Order of the British Empire, MBE  1987: Received the first Indian National Habitat Award  1988: Received Indian Citizenship  1989: Indian Institute of Architects Outstanding Architect of the Year  1990: Received THE PADMA SRI  1990: Great Master Architect of the Year  1992: UNO Habitat Award & UN Roll of Honour  1993: International Union of Architects (IUA) Award  1993: Sir Robert Matthew Prize for Improvement of Human Settlements  1994: People of the Year Award  1995: Awarded Doctorate from the University of Central England  1998: Awarded Doctorate from Sri Venkateshwara University  2001: Coinpar MR Kurup Endowment Award  2003: Basheer Puraskaram  2005: Kerala Government Certificate of Appreciation  2006: L-Ramp Award of Excellence  2006: Nominated for the Pritzker Prize (considered the Nobel Prize in AWARDS AND ACHIVEMENTS
  • 8. HIS WORKS BAKER’S ARCHITECTURE HAS TO BE EXPERIENCED , IT CANNOT BE DESCRIBED
  • 9. THIS IS BAKER’S HOME IN TRIVANDRUM 1.
  • 10. KEY FEATURES OF HIS HOUSE ARE: MUD BRICKS. CIRCULAR WALLS WOOD FROM TIMBER JETTY. STAINED GLASS. DEMOLISHED HOUSE.TERRACOTTA ROOF TILES
  • 11. GROUND FLOOR AREA 19.64 M SQ. FIRST FLOOR 7.08 M SQ. DRAWINGS
  • 12. STAIRS DIRECTLY CUT IN ROCK LEADING UP TOTHE FRONT DOOR ENTERANCE HAS SMALL SITTING AREA FOR GUESTS A CALLING BELL FOR VISITORS TO ANNOUNCE THIER PRESENCE THE WALL IS DECORATED FROM BROKEN POTTERY, PENS, GLASS USE OF NATURAL LIGHT NEVER CUT TRESS INSTEAD ADAPTED HID DESIGN ACCORDINGLY
  • 13. BAKER’S FONDNESS OF ARCHES GABLES FOR PROPER AIR AND CIRCULATION AND VENTILATON GRILL MADE OF BITS AND PIECES PITCHED ROOF MADE OF MANGLORE TILES WATER TANK FOR STORING RAIN HARVESTED WATER.
  • 14. COST EFFECTIVE BAKERS’S WINDOW LOUVERED WINDOW TYPICAL OF BAKER’S TYPE STAINED GLASS EFFECT
  • 15. 2. FISHERMEN’S VILLAGE, POONTHURA ,TRIVANDRUM (1974-75) CHALLENGES: •SEVERITY OF ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH THE TRIBAL’S LIVE. •DEALING WITH CYCLONES •LIMITATION OF RESOURCES •DEALING WITH LARGE INSULAR GROUPS, WITH SET IDEAS AND TRADITIONS. •AREA OF EACH UNIT : 25 SQM
  • 16. SECTION ELEVATION VIEW PLAN DESIGN STRATEGIES: CONSTRUCTION: • EXPOSED BRICKWORK AND STRUCTURE. • SLOPED CONCRETE ROOF. • OPENNESS IN DESIGN AND INDIVIDUAL UNITS OFFSET EACH OTHER. DEALING WITH CYCLONES: • LOW SLOPED ROOFS SERVE AS WIND CATCHERS. • LONG ROW OF HOUSING REPLACED BY EVEN STAGGERING. OPEN SPACES: • LITTLE PRIVATE RECTANGLE OF LAND IN BETWEEN HOUSES FOR SLEEPING, DRYING NETS, DRYING FISH , KIDS TO PLAY, AND ALSO PROVIDED A VIEW OF SEA .
  • 17. CHALLENGES FACED: •COST-REDUCTION AS SEATING CAPACITY WAS THOUSAND. •INCREASE IN LATERAL STRENGHT OF BRICK WALL SOLUTION: •WIDE CAVITY DOUBLEWALL WITH CROSS-BRACKING BRICK. AREA COVERED : 930 SQUARE METERS. PROJECT EXPENDITURE : BELOW 1.75 LAKH 3.
  • 18. 1. CHAPEL NAVE 2. SANCTUARY 3. NARTHEX 4. SACRISTY 5. CHAPEL 6. TERRACE 7. AUDITORIUM 8. STAGE 9. GREEN ROOM 10. TOILET 6 217 3 4 6 8 9 9 10 5 5
  • 20. •Laurie baker (life, work, writing) by Gautam Bhatia. •Presentation on Lauri Baker by Suvarna Lele Architects. •https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurie_Baker •https://www.slideshare.net/lauri baker REFERENCE