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Our Mission:
Track hurricanes using exact latitude and longitude
coordinates.
Finding Locations on Earth
How could you describe the exact location of a dot on a
basketball?
Latitude and Longitude make an
imaginary grid system on Earth to
help find exact locations.
Find as many differences as you
can between these two diagrams?
Latitude Lines…
• Drawn East to West, but are used
to measure North and South of
the Equator.
• The Equator is a line of Latitude.
• Separates Earth into Northern and
Southern hemispheres.
• Also called Parallels because they
never intersect and run parallel to
the equator.
• Labeled using N or S
• (N) Positive numbers if located in
the northern hemisphere.
• (S) Negative numbers if located in
the southern hemisphere.
• RANGE: 0-90 degrees
Latitude Lines
0° Equator
90°N North Pole
90°S South Pole
23.5° S Tropic of Capricorn
23.5°N Tropic of Cancer
Latitude Lines
For example: The tropic of cancer is 23.5°N.
What is the range of
possible latitude?
0° to 90° N
and
0° to - 90° S
Label north if in
northern hemisphere
and south if in
southern hemisphere.
Longitude Lines…
• Drawn North and South, but are
used to measure East and West of
the Prime Meridian.
• The Prime Meridian is a line of
Longitude.
• Separates Earth into Eastern and
Western hemispheres.
• Also called Meridians because
they are curved and intersect at
the poles.
• Labeled using E or W
• (E) Positive if located in the
Eastern hemisphere.
• (W) Negative if located in the
Western hemisphere.
• RANGE: 0-180 degrees
Longitude Lines
0° Prime Meridian
Longitude lines are
curved and meet at
the poles.
Latitude and Longitude Lines
We can put latitude and longitude together to find exact locations
on earth’s surface.
Example: Milwaukee,
Wisconsin
 Use latitude to find
how far north or
south.
 Use longitude to
find how far west or
east.
Latitude is always first in
your coordinates.
44°N, -89°W
Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
Category Wind speed
mph
5 ≥156
4 131–155
3 111–130
2 96–110
1 74–95
Additional classifications
Tropical
storm
39–73
Tropical
depression
0–38
L
L
Latitude, Longitude, and Google Earth
Track the latest hurricanes using exact latitude and
longitude coordinates on Google Earth
Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds
 Each degree of latitude and longitude
can be divided into minutes (‘) and
seconds (“).
 Every degree has 60’ minutes of separation
 Every minute has 60” seconds of separation.
 Arc seconds can be further divided into
tenths, hundreds, and even thousandths.
Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds
 Each degree of latitude and longitude
can be divided into minutes (‘) and
seconds (“).
 Every degree has 60’ minutes of separation
 Every minute has 60” seconds of separation.
 Arc seconds can be further divided into
tenths, hundreds, and even thousandths.
Latitude and Longitude
Latitude and Longitude

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Latitude and Longitude

  • 1. Our Mission: Track hurricanes using exact latitude and longitude coordinates.
  • 2. Finding Locations on Earth How could you describe the exact location of a dot on a basketball? Latitude and Longitude make an imaginary grid system on Earth to help find exact locations.
  • 3. Find as many differences as you can between these two diagrams?
  • 4. Latitude Lines… • Drawn East to West, but are used to measure North and South of the Equator. • The Equator is a line of Latitude. • Separates Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres. • Also called Parallels because they never intersect and run parallel to the equator. • Labeled using N or S • (N) Positive numbers if located in the northern hemisphere. • (S) Negative numbers if located in the southern hemisphere. • RANGE: 0-90 degrees
  • 5. Latitude Lines 0° Equator 90°N North Pole 90°S South Pole 23.5° S Tropic of Capricorn 23.5°N Tropic of Cancer
  • 6. Latitude Lines For example: The tropic of cancer is 23.5°N. What is the range of possible latitude? 0° to 90° N and 0° to - 90° S Label north if in northern hemisphere and south if in southern hemisphere.
  • 7. Longitude Lines… • Drawn North and South, but are used to measure East and West of the Prime Meridian. • The Prime Meridian is a line of Longitude. • Separates Earth into Eastern and Western hemispheres. • Also called Meridians because they are curved and intersect at the poles. • Labeled using E or W • (E) Positive if located in the Eastern hemisphere. • (W) Negative if located in the Western hemisphere. • RANGE: 0-180 degrees
  • 8. Longitude Lines 0° Prime Meridian Longitude lines are curved and meet at the poles.
  • 9. Latitude and Longitude Lines We can put latitude and longitude together to find exact locations on earth’s surface. Example: Milwaukee, Wisconsin  Use latitude to find how far north or south.  Use longitude to find how far west or east. Latitude is always first in your coordinates. 44°N, -89°W
  • 10.
  • 11. Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale Category Wind speed mph 5 ≥156 4 131–155 3 111–130 2 96–110 1 74–95 Additional classifications Tropical storm 39–73 Tropical depression 0–38 L
  • 12.
  • 13. L
  • 14. Latitude, Longitude, and Google Earth Track the latest hurricanes using exact latitude and longitude coordinates on Google Earth
  • 15. Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds  Each degree of latitude and longitude can be divided into minutes (‘) and seconds (“).  Every degree has 60’ minutes of separation  Every minute has 60” seconds of separation.  Arc seconds can be further divided into tenths, hundreds, and even thousandths.
  • 16. Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds  Each degree of latitude and longitude can be divided into minutes (‘) and seconds (“).  Every degree has 60’ minutes of separation  Every minute has 60” seconds of separation.  Arc seconds can be further divided into tenths, hundreds, and even thousandths.