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Á¿ëýã V KWord ïðîãðàììûã õýðýãëýõ (Operation of KWord)
KWord íü KOffice áàãö ïðîãðàììûí òåêñò áîëîâñðóóëàõ ïðîãðàìì þì. KOffice ïðîãðàìì íü äàðààõ áàãö ïðîãðàììûã ìºí àãóóëíà. KSpread (Õ¿ñíýãòýí ìýäýýëýëòýé àæèëëàõ), KPresenter (Òàíèëöóóëãûí ïðîãðàìì), Kontour (Âåêòîð çóðãèéí ïðîãðàìì), Krayon (Bitmap çóðàã çàñâàðëàã÷ ïðîãðàìì),
Kivio (Óðñãàëûí äèàãðàììûí ïðîãðàìì), Kugar (Òàéëàíãèéí ïðîãðàìì) áîëîí ìàø ýíãèéí äýëãýöèéí á¿òýö íü òàíû àæèëä òóñëàõ áîëíî. 5.2 KWord ïðîãðàììûã ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëàõ Äàðààõ àðãààð ïðîãðàììûã ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëæ áîëíî. ¯¿íä: à.K ¿ñýã á¿õèé ä¿ðñ äýýð äàðæ, ¿íäñýí öýñèéã íýýíý. Íýýãäýõ æàãñààëòààñ Office/KWord ïðîãðàììûã íýýíý.
Çóðàã 5.1. ¯íäñýí öýñíèé Office/KWord êîìàíä. Á.Konqueror öîíõíîîñ KWord ïðîãðàììûí .kwd òºðëèéí òåêñò ôàéëûã íýýâýë KWord ïðîãðàìì àâòîìàòààð ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëàãäàíà. Â.KOffice áàãö ïðîãðàììûí Workspace ïðîãðàììààñ òóñ òóñ ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëæ áîëíî.
5.3 Óðüä÷èëñàí ñîíãîëòûí öîíõ (Choose window) Ýíýõ¿¿ öîíõ íü KWord ïðîãðàììûã ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëàõàä äýëãýöýíä íýýãäýõ áºãººä àíõ óäàà íýýæ àæèëëóóëæ áàéãàà òîõèîëäîëä:
Start with an empty document ñîíãîëòûã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.2. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Çóðàã 5.2. Óðüä÷èëñàí ñîíãîëòûí Choose öîíõ. Óã öîíõíû: Create new document from a Template - Õ¿ðýý àøèãëàí áàðèìò çîõèîí áàéãóóëàõàä,
Open an existing document - ªìíº ¿¿ñãýñýí äóðûí òºõººðºì溺ñ áàðèìòûã íýýõýä, Open a recent document – Õàìãèéí ñ¿¿ëä àæèëëàñàí áàðèìòóóäààñ ñîíãîí íýýõýä, Start with an empty document – Øèíýýð õîîñîí áàðèìò ¿¿ñãýí àæèëëàõ ¿åä òóñ òóñ ñîíãîãäîíî.
5.4 KWord ïðîãðàììûí öîíõíû á¿òýö Öîíõ íü äàðààõ ¿íäñýí á¿òýöòýé áàéíà. Çóðàã 5.3.1. ¯¿íä: Çóðàã 5.3.1. KWord ïðîãðàììûí öîíõ. Ãàð÷ãèéí ìºð Öýñíèé ìºð Õýðýãñëèéí ìºð Document Area áóþó áàðèìòûí òàëáàð Ãàð÷ãèéí ìºð áóþó Titlebar. KWord ïðîãðàììûí ãàð÷ãèéí ìºð èäýâõòýé áàéãàà áàðèìòûí ôàéëûí çàì, íýð, ººð÷ëºëò îðñîí ýñýõèéã ¿ç¿¿ëñýí ìýäýýëýë áîëîí ïðîãðàììûí íýðèéã õàðóóëíà.
Ãàð÷ãèéí ìºðèéí òºãñãºëä ïðîãðàììûí öîíõûã áóóëãàõ, òîìñãîõ, áàãàñãàõ, õààõ òîâ÷ëóóðóóä áàéðëàíà. Öýñíèé ìºð áþó Menubar. KWord ïðîãðàììûí ôóíêö, òîõèðãîîíû êîìàíäóóäûã àãóóëíà. Õýðýãñëèéí ìºð áóþó Toolbar. KWord ïðîãðàììûí ò¿ãýýìýë õýðýãëýãääýã êîìàíäûã ä¿ðñ õýëáýðýýð èëýðõèéëäýã. Õýðýãñýë äýýð õóëãàíû çààãóóðûã áàéðëóóëáàë õýðýãñëèéí òàëààðõè òîâ÷ ìýäýýëýë ãàðíà.
¯éëäëèéã íýã äàðàëòààð ñîíãîíî. Õýðýãñëèéí ñóë ãàçàðò õóëãàíû áàðóóí òîâ÷ëóóðûã äàðæ íýýãäýõ æàãñààëòààñ õàðàãäàõ õýëáýð, öîíõîíä áàéðëàõ áàéðëàë çýðãèéã òîõèðóóëàí ººð÷ëºõ áîëîìæòîé. Õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã ã¿éöýòãýõ ¿éëäëèéí ÷èãëýëýýð íü á¿ëýãëýí õýä õýäýí õýñýã áîëãîí ¿ç¿¿ëñýí áàéõ áºãººä öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Settings êîìàíäûã ñîíãîí íýýãäýõ öýñíýýñ äýëãýöýíä õàðàãäàõ ýñýõèéã íü òîäîðõîéëíî.
Æèøýýëáýë, File Toolbar íü øèíý áàðèìò ¿¿ñãýõ, ôàéë íýýõ, õàäãàëàõ ãýõ ìýò ôàéëòàé àæèëëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëñàí áàéõàä, Edit Toolbar íü ¿éëäëèéã áóöààõ, òåêñò õóóëàõ, 纺õ, óñòãàõ ãýõ ìýò òåêñò çàñâàðëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëíà. File Toolbar õýðýãñëèéã äýëãýöýíä õàðàãäàõ ýñýõèéã òîäîðõîéëîõûí òóëä öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Settings êîìàíäûã ñîíãîí, íýýãäýõ öýñíýýñ Show File Toolbar êîìàíäûã ñîíãîíî.
Çóðàã 5.3.2. Çóðàã 5.3.2. Öýñíèé ìºðíèé Settings öýñ. Document Area áóþó àæëûí ¿íäñýí òàëáàð. KWord ïðîãðàììûí àæëûí ¿íäñýí òàëáàð íü äàðààõ õýñã¿¿äýýñ òîãòîíî. Õýâòýý áîëîí áîñîî øóãàì (Horizontal and Vertical Rulers) Õóóäàñíû òåêñò áè÷èãäýõ öýâýð õýìæýý áîëîí ãàäíà îðõèãäîõ õîîñîí çàéí õýìæýýã òîäîðõîéëäîã. Çóðàã 5.3.3.
Çóðàã 5.3.3. Ruler. Scroll bar Õóóäàñíû õýâòýý áîëîí áîñîî òýíõëýãèéí äàãóó ã¿éëãýí õàðàõàä àøèãëàíà. Document View Ýíýõ¿¿ òàëáàðò òåêñò ìýäýýëëýý îðóóëíà. Áàðèìòûí ìýäýýëëèéí ñîíãîñîí òºëºâ áàéäëûã õàðàõ áîëîí òåêñòèéã 纺õ, õóóäñàíä îðóóëàõ ãýõ ìýò áè÷èã áàðèìò áîëîâñðóóëàõ ¿éëäëèéã ã¿éöýòãýíý. Çóðàã 5.3.4. Çóðàã 5.3.4. Àæëûí ¿íäñýí òàëáàð
5.5 KWord ïðîãðàììûí õýðýãñë¿¿äèéí òóõàé. File Toolbar Øèíý áàðèìò ¿¿ñãýõ, ôàéë íýýõ, õàäãàëàõ, õýâëýõ ãýõ ìýò ôàéëòàé àæèëëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëíà. Edit Toolbar ¯éëäëèéã áóöààõ, òåêñò õóóëàõ, 纺õ, óñòãàõ, õàéõ, ä¿ðìèéí àëäàà çàñàõ ãýõ ìýò òåêñòèéã çàñâàðëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëíà.
Table Toolbar Õ¿ñíýãòèéí áàãàíà, ìºð óñòãàõ, íýìýõ çýðýã õ¿ñíýãòòýé àæèëëàõ êîìàíäóóäûã àãóóëíà. Insert Toolbar Áàðèìòàíä õ¿ðýý íýìýõýýñ ãàäíà çóðàã, õ¿ñíýãò, òîìú¸î îðóóëàõ ãýõ ìýò êîìàíäóóäûã àãóóëíà. Paragraph Toolbar Áàðèìòàí äàõü ìýäýýëëèéã õóóäñàíä ãîëëóóëàõ, äóãààðëàõ ãýõ ìýò ç¿éëèéã ôîðìàòëàõ êîìàíäóóäûã àãóóëíà.
Format Toolbar Òåêñòèéí ôîíò ñîíãîõ, òîäðóóëàõ, íàëóóãààð áè÷èõ, òåêñòèéí ºí㺠ñîëèõ, õýìæýýã ººð÷ëºõ çýðýã òåêñòèéã ôîðìàòëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äûã àãóóëíà. Borders Toolbar Ç¿éëèéã õ¿ðýýíä îðóóëàõ, õ¿ðýýíèé ºíãèéã ñîíãîõ çýðýã õýðýãñëèéã àãóóëíà. Formula Toolbar Áàðèìòàíä òîìú¸î îðóóëàõàä òýäãýýðèéí ñîíãîõ öýñíèé õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëíà.
5.6 KWord ïðîãðàììààñ ãàðàõ Äàðààõ àðãóóäààð ïðîãðàììààñ ãàð÷ áîëíî. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/Quit êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Alt+F4 òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Ãàð÷ãèéí ìºðèéí ÷àãò á¿õèé òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
5.7 Øèíýýð áàðèìò ¿¿ñãýõ à. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/New êîìàíä ñîíãîíî.á. Ãàðûí Ctrl+N òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.â. File õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé New òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Choose öîíõíû Start with an empty document ñîíãîëòûã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.   Çóðàã 5.2. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
5.8 Áàðèìòûã íýýõ Äàðààõ àðãóóäààð áàðèìòûã íýýæ áîëíî. à. ªìíº ¿¿ñãýí õàäãàëñàí ôàéëûã íýýõäýý à. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/Open êîìàíä ñîíãîíî.á. Ãàðûí Ctrl+O òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.â. File õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé New òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Open Document öîíõíû pop-up öýñýíä ôàéë õàäãàëñàí êàòàëîãèéí íýðèéã çààíà. ¯¿íèé òóëä: Open Document öîíõíû (Home Directory) òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðñíààð Home Directory êàòàëîãèò øèëæèíý.
Pop-up öýñýíä /mnt/cdrom, /mnt/floppy õýìýýí ñîíãîñíîîð êîìïàêò áîëîí óÿí äèñêýí äýõ ôàéë áîëîí êàòàëîãèéí æàãñààëòûã õàðíà. Çóðàã 5.7.1. Open Document öîíõ. Open Document öîíõíû ç¿¿í ãàð òàëûí òàëáàðò èäýâõòýé äèñê òºõººðºìæ äýõ ôàéë áîëîí êàòàëîãèéí æàãñààëò õàðàãäàõ áºãººä êàòàëîãèéí íýð äýýð õî¸ð äàðàëò õèéõ çàìààð êàòàëîãèéã íýýíý.
Ôàéëûí íýðèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëáýë Open Document öîíõíû áàðóóí òàëûí òàëáàðò ôàéëûí àãóóëãà õàðàãäàíà. Íýýãäýõ áîëîìæã¿é ôàéë áèé ãýäãèéã àíõààðíà óó. Ýíýõ¿¿ òàëáàðò íýýõ ôàéëûí íýðèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.
OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. á. Ñ¿¿ëä íýýñýí áîëîí ººð÷ëºëò îðóóëàí õàäãàëñàí ôàéëûã íýýõ Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/Open Recent êîìàíäûã ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 4.7.2. Íýýãäýõ æàãñààëòààñ ôàéëûí íýðèéã ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.7.2. File/Open Recent êîìàíä.
5.9 Áàðèìòûã õàäãàëàõ Áàðèìòûã Save, Save As… êîìàíäóóäààð õàäãàëíà. Save êîìàíäûã äàðààõ 3 àðãààð ñîíãîæ áîëíî. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/Save êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Ctrl+S òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. File õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Save òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Save As… êîìàíäààð ôàéëûã äàõèí ººð íýðýýð, ººð êàòàëîãò õàäãàëäàã. Ýíýõ¿¿ êîìàíäûã äàðààõ áàéäëààð ã¿éöýòãýíý.
File/Save As… êîìàíäûã ñîíãîíî. ªìíº íýð ºã÷ õàäãàëààã¿é ôàéëûí õóâüä Save êîìàíäûã ñîíãîâîë óã êîìàíäûã ñîíãîñîíòîé èæèë öîíõ íýýãäýíý. Íýýãäýõ Save document as öîíõíû pop-up öýñýíä õàäãàëàõ êàòàëîãèéã çààíà. Çóðàã 5.8. Save document as öîíõ.
Location òàëáàðò ôàéëûí íýðèéã îðóóëíà. Filter òàëáàðò ôàéëûí òºðëèéã çààíà. KWord áàðèìòûí õóâüä ôàéëûí òºðëèéã KWord õýìýýí ñîíãîíî. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Æè÷: KWord ïðîãðàìì äýýð áîëîâñðóóëàãäñàí ôàéë íü .kwd ºðãºòãºëòýé áàéäàã.
5.10 Òåêñò ìýäýýëëèéã çàñâàðëàõ Òåêñò îðóóëàõ Òåêñòèéã õ¿ðýý (Frame) áóþó àæëûí òàëáàðò, òåêñò õ¿ðýý (Text Frame), õ¿ñíýãòýíä îðóóëæ áîëíî. ¯¿íèé òóëä õ¿ðýý áîëîí õ¿ñíýãòèéí í¿äýíä íýã äàðàëò õèéõ çàìààð êóðñîðûã èäýâõæ¿¿ëæ áè÷íý.
Òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ Àæëûí òàëáàð äàõü òåêñòýí ìýäýýëëèéã äàõèí çàñâàðëàõûí òóëä ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëäýã. Èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí òåêñò íü öýíõýð äýâñãýð äýýð öàãààí ºí㺺ð áè÷èãäñýí õàðàãääàã. Èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí áîëîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëýýã¿é òåêñò.
Òåêñòèéã ãàðààñ áîëîí õóëãàíû òóñëàìæòàéãààð ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ áîëîìæòîé. à. Òåêñòèéã ãàðààñ èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ Shift+Left Arrow - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ õîéøõè òåêñòèéã òýìäýãò òýìäýãòýýð èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Shift+Right Arrow - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ ºìíºõ òåêñòèéã òýìäýãò òýìäýãòýýð èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.9.4. Select Color õàðèëöàõ öîíõ.
Shift+Up Arrow - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ äýýø ìºð ìºðººð òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Shift+Down Arrow - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ äîîø ìºð ìºðººð òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Shift+Home - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ ìºðèéí ýõëýë õ¿ðòýë êóðñîð èäýâõòýé áàéãàà ìºðèéí òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Shift+End - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ ìºðèéí òºãñãºë õ¿ðòýë êóðñîð èäýâõòýé áàéãàà ìºðèéí òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.
á. Òåêñòèéã õóëãàíû òóñëàìæòàéãààð èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ Èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ òåêñòèéí ýõýíä õóëãàíû çààãóóðûã áàéðëóóëàí õóëãàíû ç¿¿í òîâ÷ëóóðûã äàðààñòàéãààð òåêñòèéí òºãñãºë õ¿ðòýë ÷èðýõ äàðàëò õèéíý. Òåêñòèéí ¿ñãèéí õýìæýýã ººð÷ëºõ à.Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Format/Font… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî.
Íýýãäýõ Select Font öîíõíû Size õýñãèéí æàãñààëòààñ òåêñòèéí ¿ñãèéí õýìæýýã ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.9.2.Çóðàã 5.9.2. Select Font öîíõ. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Á.Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Format õýðýãñëèéí Size òàëáàðûí óòãûã ººð÷èëíº. Çóðàã 5.9.3. Çóðàã 5.9.3. Format Toolbar õýðýãë¿¿ðèéí Size õýñýã.
Òåêñòèéí ºíãèéã ººð÷ëºõ 1. Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. 2. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Format/Font… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. 3. Íýýãäýõ Select Font öîíõíû Change Color… òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Çóðàã 5.9.3. 4. Íýýãäýõ Select Color öîíõîíä ºí㺺 òîõèðóóëíà. Çóðàã 5.9.4.
5. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. 6. Select Font öîíõíû OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Á.Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Format õýðýãñëèéí Text Color òîâ÷ëóóðûí äîîø çààñàí ñóì á¿õèé õýñýã äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ ºí㺠ñîíãîëòûí òàëáàðò ººð÷ëºõ ºí㺺 ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.9.5.
Çóðàã 5.9.5. ªí㺠ñîíãîëòûí òàëáàð. Â.Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Format õýðýãë¿¿ðèéí Text Color òîâ÷ëóóðûí A ¿ñýã á¿õèé õýñýã äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Select Color öîíõîíä ºí㺺 òîõèðóóëíà. Çóðàã 5.9.4. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Òåêñòèéí ôîíòûã ººð÷ëºõ
Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Format/Font… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Íýýãäýõ Select Font öîíõíû Font òàëáàðûí æàãñààëòààñ ººð÷ëºõ øðèôòèéíõýý íýðèéã ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.9.3. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. á. Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.
Format õýðýãñëèéí Font æàãñààëòààñ øðèôòèéíõýý íýðèéã ñîíãîíî.  Òåêñòèéã õóóëàõ, 纺õ, áàðèìòàíä îðóóëàõ áîëîí çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îé Áàðèìòûã áîëîâñðóóëàõàä õóóëàõ (Copy), 纺õ (Cut), áàðèìòàíä îðóóëàõ (Paste) ¿éëäýë íü àæëûã õºíãºâ÷èëäºã. Copy êîìàíä Õóóëàõ êîìàíäûã äàðààõ àðãààð ñîíãîæ áîëíî.
Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Edit/Open êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Ctrl+C òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Edit õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Copy òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Copy êîìàíäûã ñîíãîñíîîð èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí òåêñòèéã Clipboard áóþó çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îéä õàäãàëíà. Ýõ òåêñò íü ÿìàð íýãýí ººð÷ëºëòã¿é õýâýýð ¿ëäýíý.
Cut êîìàíä Ǻºõ êîìàíäûã äàðààõ àðãààð ñîíãîæ áîëíî. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Edit/Cut êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Ctrl+X òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Edit õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Cut òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Cut êîìàíäûã ñîíãîñíîîð èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí òåêñòèéã Clipboard áóþó çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îéä õàäãàëàõ áºãººä èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí òåêñò áàðèìòààñ óñòãàãäàíà.
Paste êîìàíä Õóóëàõ êîìàíäûã äàðààõ 3 àðãààð ñîíãîæ áîëíî. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Edit/Paste êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Ctrl+V òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Edit õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Paste òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
Paste êîìàíäûã ñîíãîñíîîð çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îéä õàäãàëñàí ìýäýýëëèéã êóðñîð èäýâõòýé áàéãàà áàéðëàëä îðóóëíà. Çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îéä õàäãàëàãäñàí òåêñòýí ìýäýýëëèéã õýäýí ÷ óäàà Paste êîìàíäààð îðóóëæ áîëíî. KWord ïðîãðàììûí ò¿ãýýìýë õýðýãëýãääýã êîìàíäóóäûã öýñíèé õýðýãñë¿¿äýýð òàéëáàðëàÿ. (Bold) ºðãºí áîëãîõ, ãàðûí Ctrl+B òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
(Italic) íàëóó áîëãîõ, ãàðûí Ctrl+I òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. (Underline) äîîãóóð çóðààñòàé áîëãîõ, ãàðûí Ctrl+U òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. (Strike out) äóíäóóð çóðààñ îðóóëàõ, (Superscript) òåêñòèéã çýðýã áàéäëààð îðóóëàõ, (Subscript) òåêñòèéã èëòãýã÷ áàéäëààð îðóóëàõ
(Align Left) õýâòýý òýíõëýãèéí äàãóó ç¿¿í òèéø çýðýãö¿¿ëýõ, (Align Center) õýâòýý òýíõëýãèéí äàãóó òºâä áàéðëóóëàõ, (Align Right) õýâòýý òýíõëýãèéí äàãóó áàðóóí òèéø çýðýãö¿¿ëýõ, (Align Block) ìºð òýíö¿¿ëýõ,
(List) äóãààðëàõ, (Decrease Indent) äîãîë ìºð óðàãø øèëæ¿¿ëýõ, (Increase Indent) äîãîë ìºð õîéø øèëæ¿¿ëýõ. 5.11 Çóðàã îðóóëàõ Òåêñòèéí äóíä çóðàã îðóóëàí áàðèìò áîëîâñðóóëæ áîëíî.
Áàðèìòàíä çóðàã îðóóëàõûí òóëä: Êîìàíäûã äàðààõ àðãààð ñîíãîíî.à. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Insert/Picture… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.10.1.Çóðàã 5.10.1. Insert/Picture… êîìàíä.á. Ãàðûí F3 òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.â. Insert õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Picture òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
Íýýãäýõ Insert Picture öîíõîíä äàðààõ ¿éëäëèéã õèéíý. jpeg, png, tiff ãýõ ìýò òºðëèéí çóðãèéí ôàéëûã îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä Choose Image òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð, áýëýí çóðãèéí ñàíãààñ çóðàã îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä Choose Clipart òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð òóñ òóñ äàðíà. Çóðàã 5.10.2.
Çóðàã 5.10.2. Insert Picture öîíõ. Íýýãäýõ Choose Image öîíõîíä çóðãèéí ôàéëàà ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.10.3. Çóðàã 5.10.3. Choose Image öîíõ. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Insert Picture öîíõîíä ñîíãîñîí çóðàã õàðàãäàõ áºãººä Insert Picture Inline ñîíãîëòûã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
5.12 Õ¿ñíýãòòýé àæèëëàõ Õ¿ñíýãò îðóóëàõ Êîìàíäûã äàðààõ àðãààð ñîíãîíî.à. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Insert/Table… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.10.1.á. Ãàðûí F5 òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.â. Insert õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Table òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Insert Table öîíõîíä äàðààõ ¿éëäëèéã õèéíý.
à. Number of Rows: òàëáàðò õ¿ñíýãòèéí ìºðèéí òîîã äýýø áîëîí äîîø ÷èãëýñýí ñóì á¿õèé òîâ÷ëóóðûí òóñëàìæòàéãààð îðóóëíà.
á. Number of Columns: òàëáàðò õ¿ñíýãòèéí áàãàíûí òîîã äýýø áîëîí äîîø ÷èãëýñýí ñóì á¿õèé òîâ÷ëóóðûí òóñëàìæòàéãààð çààíà. Çóðàã 5.11.1. Insert Table öîíõ. Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéí õ¿ðýý øóãàì äýýð õóëãàíû çààãóóðûã áàéðëóóëàõàä õóëãàíû çààãóóð ãàð õýëáýðòýé áîëîõ áºãººä ýíý ¿åä íýã äàðàëò õèéõ çàìààð èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.
Çóðàã 5.11.2. Õ¿ñíýãò èäýâõæñýí áàéäàë. Õ¿ñíýãòýä ìºð îðóóëàõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Table/Insert Row… êîìàíä ñîíãîõ áóþó Table õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Insert Row òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.   Çóðàã 5.11.3.
Çóðàã 5.11.3. Table/Insert Row… êîìàíä. Íýýãäýõ Insert Row öîíõíû Insert New Rows òàëáàðò ìºð îðóóëàõ áàéðëàëûã çààíà. Çààñàí ìºðèéí ºìíº îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä Before, õîéíî îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä After ñîíãîëòûã òóñ òóñ èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.11.4.
Çóðàã 5.11.4. Insert Row öîíõ. Row: òàëáàðò øèíý ìºð îðóóëàõ ìºðèéí äóãààðûã çààíà. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Õ¿ñíýãòýä áàãàíà îðóóëàõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Table/Insert Column… êîìàíä ñîíãîõ áóþó Table õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Insert Column òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
Íýýãäýõ Insert Column öîíõíû Insert New Column òàëáàðò áàãàíà îðóóëàõ áàéðëàëûã çààíà. Çààñàí áàãàíûí ºìíº îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä Before, õîéíî îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä After ñîíãîëòûã òóñ òóñ õèéíý. Çóðàã 5.11.5. Insert Column öîíõ. Column: òàëáàðò øèíý áàãàíà îðóóëàõ áàãàíû äóãààðûã çààíà. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. .
Õ¿ñíýãòèéí ìºð óñòãàõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Table/Delete Row… êîìàíä ñîíãîõ áóþó Table õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Delete Row òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Delete Row öîíõíû Delete Row: òàëáàðò óñòãàõ ìºðèéí äóãààðûã çààíà. Çóðàã 5.11.6. Çóðàã 5.11.6. Delete Row öîíõ
Delete òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Õ¿ñíýãòèéí áàãàíà óñòãàõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Table/Delete Column… êîìàíä ñîíãîõ áóþó Table õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Delete Column òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Delete Column öîíõíû Delete Column: òàëáàðò óñòãàõ áàãàíû äóãààðûã çààíà. Çóðàã 5.11.7.
Çóðàã 5.11.7. Delete Column öîíõ. Delete òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
OpenOffice  програмыг  Windows  үйлдлийн системийн  Word  програмын ашиглах боломтой юм. Бид өдөр тутам албан бичиг, гэрийн даалгавар, бие даалт гээд л төрөл бүрийн бичиг цаасны ажилтай нүүр тулдаг билээ. Хааяа санамсаргүй илүү үсэг дарчих, эсвэл алдаад бичих тохиолдол гарах нь олонтаа. Харин энэ асуудлыг OpenOffice нэг жижигхэн нэмэлт таны энэ бүх асуудлуудыг  шийдчихвэл гоё биш гэж үү? Одоо харин хэрхэн суулгах талаар заавар бичье!
Эхлээд нэмэлтээ  http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/en/project/mnSpell  энэ хаягаар орж   Get it!  гэсэн товчин дээр дарж татаж авна. Татсан бол  Places->Downloads  гэсэн хавтас дотор  dict-mn_0.06-5.oxt  нэртэй файл татагдсан байх ба үүнийг  с уулгадаг шиг суулгана. Суулгасан бол програмаа нээгээд.
Format->Character…  цэс рүү орно. Орсны дараа дараах зурган дээрхи шиг жижигхэн цонх гарч ирнэ. Гарч ирсэн жижиг цонхны  Language  цэснээс  Mongolian  гэсэн сонголтыг дараах байдлаар сонгоно. Урдаа “ABC” гэсэн жижиг тэмдэгт байгаа нь тухайн хэлний алдаа шалгагч суужээ гэж ойлгож болно. Сонгосон бол  OK  дарж гараад бүх тохиргоо дууслаа.  Ингээл төрөлх Монгол хэлээрээ алдаагүй зөв  бичхэд туслах болно.
 

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Lab2 2 officeapplicationLab2 2 officeapplication
Lab2 2 officeapplication
 
Lab13 memory2
Lab13 memory2Lab13 memory2
Lab13 memory2
 
Lab12
Lab12Lab12
Lab12
 
Lab7 ubuntu terminal
Lab7 ubuntu terminalLab7 ubuntu terminal
Lab7 ubuntu terminal
 
Lab4 internet
Lab4 internetLab4 internet
Lab4 internet
 
Lab7 ubuntu terminal
Lab7 ubuntu terminalLab7 ubuntu terminal
Lab7 ubuntu terminal
 
Lab8 ubuntu terminal
Lab8 ubuntu terminalLab8 ubuntu terminal
Lab8 ubuntu terminal
 
Lab15 tugjrel
Lab15 tugjrelLab15 tugjrel
Lab15 tugjrel
 
Lab13 memory
Lab13 memoryLab13 memory
Lab13 memory
 
Lab4 internet
Lab4 internetLab4 internet
Lab4 internet
 
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplicationLab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
 
Lab16
Lab16Lab16
Lab16
 
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplicationLab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
 
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplicationLab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
 
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplicationLab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication
 
лаб1
лаб1лаб1
лаб1
 
Lab1 "ubuntu install"
Lab1  "ubuntu install"Lab1  "ubuntu install"
Lab1 "ubuntu install"
 
Haliun e business
Haliun e businessHaliun e business
Haliun e business
 

Lab2 2 ubuntu-officeapplication

  • 1. Á¿ëýã V KWord ïðîãðàììûã õýðýãëýõ (Operation of KWord)
  • 2. KWord íü KOffice áàãö ïðîãðàììûí òåêñò áîëîâñðóóëàõ ïðîãðàìì þì. KOffice ïðîãðàìì íü äàðààõ áàãö ïðîãðàììûã ìºí àãóóëíà. KSpread (Õ¿ñíýãòýí ìýäýýëýëòýé àæèëëàõ), KPresenter (Òàíèëöóóëãûí ïðîãðàìì), Kontour (Âåêòîð çóðãèéí ïðîãðàìì), Krayon (Bitmap çóðàã çàñâàðëàã÷ ïðîãðàìì),
  • 3. Kivio (Óðñãàëûí äèàãðàììûí ïðîãðàìì), Kugar (Òàéëàíãèéí ïðîãðàìì) áîëîí ìàø ýíãèéí äýëãýöèéí á¿òýö íü òàíû àæèëä òóñëàõ áîëíî. 5.2 KWord ïðîãðàììûã ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëàõ Äàðààõ àðãààð ïðîãðàììûã ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëæ áîëíî. ¯¿íä: à.K ¿ñýã á¿õèé ä¿ðñ äýýð äàðæ, ¿íäñýí öýñèéã íýýíý. Íýýãäýõ æàãñààëòààñ Office/KWord ïðîãðàììûã íýýíý.
  • 4. Çóðàã 5.1. ¯íäñýí öýñíèé Office/KWord êîìàíä. Á.Konqueror öîíõíîîñ KWord ïðîãðàììûí .kwd òºðëèéí òåêñò ôàéëûã íýýâýë KWord ïðîãðàìì àâòîìàòààð ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëàãäàíà. Â.KOffice áàãö ïðîãðàììûí Workspace ïðîãðàììààñ òóñ òóñ ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëæ áîëíî.
  • 5. 5.3 Óðüä÷èëñàí ñîíãîëòûí öîíõ (Choose window) Ýíýõ¿¿ öîíõ íü KWord ïðîãðàììûã ñàíàõ îéä à÷ààëàõàä äýëãýöýíä íýýãäýõ áºãººä àíõ óäàà íýýæ àæèëëóóëæ áàéãàà òîõèîëäîëä:
  • 6. Start with an empty document ñîíãîëòûã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.2. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Çóðàã 5.2. Óðüä÷èëñàí ñîíãîëòûí Choose öîíõ. Óã öîíõíû: Create new document from a Template - Õ¿ðýý àøèãëàí áàðèìò çîõèîí áàéãóóëàõàä,
  • 7. Open an existing document - ªìíº ¿¿ñãýñýí äóðûí òºõººðºì溺ñ áàðèìòûã íýýõýä, Open a recent document – Õàìãèéí ñ¿¿ëä àæèëëàñàí áàðèìòóóäààñ ñîíãîí íýýõýä, Start with an empty document – Øèíýýð õîîñîí áàðèìò ¿¿ñãýí àæèëëàõ ¿åä òóñ òóñ ñîíãîãäîíî.
  • 8. 5.4 KWord ïðîãðàììûí öîíõíû á¿òýö Öîíõ íü äàðààõ ¿íäñýí á¿òýöòýé áàéíà. Çóðàã 5.3.1. ¯¿íä: Çóðàã 5.3.1. KWord ïðîãðàììûí öîíõ. Ãàð÷ãèéí ìºð Öýñíèé ìºð Õýðýãñëèéí ìºð Document Area áóþó áàðèìòûí òàëáàð Ãàð÷ãèéí ìºð áóþó Titlebar. KWord ïðîãðàììûí ãàð÷ãèéí ìºð èäýâõòýé áàéãàà áàðèìòûí ôàéëûí çàì, íýð, ººð÷ëºëò îðñîí ýñýõèéã ¿ç¿¿ëñýí ìýäýýëýë áîëîí ïðîãðàììûí íýðèéã õàðóóëíà.
  • 9. Ãàð÷ãèéí ìºðèéí òºãñãºëä ïðîãðàììûí öîíõûã áóóëãàõ, òîìñãîõ, áàãàñãàõ, õààõ òîâ÷ëóóðóóä áàéðëàíà. Öýñíèé ìºð áþó Menubar. KWord ïðîãðàììûí ôóíêö, òîõèðãîîíû êîìàíäóóäûã àãóóëíà. Õýðýãñëèéí ìºð áóþó Toolbar. KWord ïðîãðàììûí ò¿ãýýìýë õýðýãëýãääýã êîìàíäûã ä¿ðñ õýëáýðýýð èëýðõèéëäýã. Õýðýãñýë äýýð õóëãàíû çààãóóðûã áàéðëóóëáàë õýðýãñëèéí òàëààðõè òîâ÷ ìýäýýëýë ãàðíà.
  • 10. ¯éëäëèéã íýã äàðàëòààð ñîíãîíî. Õýðýãñëèéí ñóë ãàçàðò õóëãàíû áàðóóí òîâ÷ëóóðûã äàðæ íýýãäýõ æàãñààëòààñ õàðàãäàõ õýëáýð, öîíõîíä áàéðëàõ áàéðëàë çýðãèéã òîõèðóóëàí ººð÷ëºõ áîëîìæòîé. Õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã ã¿éöýòãýõ ¿éëäëèéí ÷èãëýëýýð íü á¿ëýãëýí õýä õýäýí õýñýã áîëãîí ¿ç¿¿ëñýí áàéõ áºãººä öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Settings êîìàíäûã ñîíãîí íýýãäýõ öýñíýýñ äýëãýöýíä õàðàãäàõ ýñýõèéã íü òîäîðõîéëíî.
  • 11. Æèøýýëáýë, File Toolbar íü øèíý áàðèìò ¿¿ñãýõ, ôàéë íýýõ, õàäãàëàõ ãýõ ìýò ôàéëòàé àæèëëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëñàí áàéõàä, Edit Toolbar íü ¿éëäëèéã áóöààõ, òåêñò õóóëàõ, 纺õ, óñòãàõ ãýõ ìýò òåêñò çàñâàðëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëíà. File Toolbar õýðýãñëèéã äýëãýöýíä õàðàãäàõ ýñýõèéã òîäîðõîéëîõûí òóëä öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Settings êîìàíäûã ñîíãîí, íýýãäýõ öýñíýýñ Show File Toolbar êîìàíäûã ñîíãîíî.
  • 12. Çóðàã 5.3.2. Çóðàã 5.3.2. Öýñíèé ìºðíèé Settings öýñ. Document Area áóþó àæëûí ¿íäñýí òàëáàð. KWord ïðîãðàììûí àæëûí ¿íäñýí òàëáàð íü äàðààõ õýñã¿¿äýýñ òîãòîíî. Õýâòýý áîëîí áîñîî øóãàì (Horizontal and Vertical Rulers) Õóóäàñíû òåêñò áè÷èãäýõ öýâýð õýìæýý áîëîí ãàäíà îðõèãäîõ õîîñîí çàéí õýìæýýã òîäîðõîéëäîã. Çóðàã 5.3.3.
  • 13. Çóðàã 5.3.3. Ruler. Scroll bar Õóóäàñíû õýâòýý áîëîí áîñîî òýíõëýãèéí äàãóó ã¿éëãýí õàðàõàä àøèãëàíà. Document View Ýíýõ¿¿ òàëáàðò òåêñò ìýäýýëëýý îðóóëíà. Áàðèìòûí ìýäýýëëèéí ñîíãîñîí òºëºâ áàéäëûã õàðàõ áîëîí òåêñòèéã 纺õ, õóóäñàíä îðóóëàõ ãýõ ìýò áè÷èã áàðèìò áîëîâñðóóëàõ ¿éëäëèéã ã¿éöýòãýíý. Çóðàã 5.3.4. Çóðàã 5.3.4. Àæëûí ¿íäñýí òàëáàð
  • 14. 5.5 KWord ïðîãðàììûí õýðýãñë¿¿äèéí òóõàé. File Toolbar Øèíý áàðèìò ¿¿ñãýõ, ôàéë íýýõ, õàäãàëàõ, õýâëýõ ãýõ ìýò ôàéëòàé àæèëëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëíà. Edit Toolbar ¯éëäëèéã áóöààõ, òåêñò õóóëàõ, 纺õ, óñòãàõ, õàéõ, ä¿ðìèéí àëäàà çàñàõ ãýõ ìýò òåêñòèéã çàñâàðëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëíà.
  • 15. Table Toolbar Õ¿ñíýãòèéí áàãàíà, ìºð óñòãàõ, íýìýõ çýðýã õ¿ñíýãòòýé àæèëëàõ êîìàíäóóäûã àãóóëíà. Insert Toolbar Áàðèìòàíä õ¿ðýý íýìýõýýñ ãàäíà çóðàã, õ¿ñíýãò, òîìú¸î îðóóëàõ ãýõ ìýò êîìàíäóóäûã àãóóëíà. Paragraph Toolbar Áàðèìòàí äàõü ìýäýýëëèéã õóóäñàíä ãîëëóóëàõ, äóãààðëàõ ãýõ ìýò ç¿éëèéã ôîðìàòëàõ êîìàíäóóäûã àãóóëíà.
  • 16. Format Toolbar Òåêñòèéí ôîíò ñîíãîõ, òîäðóóëàõ, íàëóóãààð áè÷èõ, òåêñòèéí ºí㺠ñîëèõ, õýìæýýã ººð÷ëºõ çýðýã òåêñòèéã ôîðìàòëàõ õýðýãñë¿¿äûã àãóóëíà. Borders Toolbar Ç¿éëèéã õ¿ðýýíä îðóóëàõ, õ¿ðýýíèé ºíãèéã ñîíãîõ çýðýã õýðýãñëèéã àãóóëíà. Formula Toolbar Áàðèìòàíä òîìú¸î îðóóëàõàä òýäãýýðèéí ñîíãîõ öýñíèé õýðýãñë¿¿äèéã àãóóëíà.
  • 17. 5.6 KWord ïðîãðàììààñ ãàðàõ Äàðààõ àðãóóäààð ïðîãðàììààñ ãàð÷ áîëíî. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/Quit êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Alt+F4 òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Ãàð÷ãèéí ìºðèéí ÷àãò á¿õèé òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
  • 18. 5.7 Øèíýýð áàðèìò ¿¿ñãýõ à. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/New êîìàíä ñîíãîíî.á. Ãàðûí Ctrl+N òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.â. File õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé New òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Choose öîíõíû Start with an empty document ñîíãîëòûã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.2. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
  • 19. 5.8 Áàðèìòûã íýýõ Äàðààõ àðãóóäààð áàðèìòûã íýýæ áîëíî. à. ªìíº ¿¿ñãýí õàäãàëñàí ôàéëûã íýýõäýý à. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/Open êîìàíä ñîíãîíî.á. Ãàðûí Ctrl+O òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.â. File õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé New òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Open Document öîíõíû pop-up öýñýíä ôàéë õàäãàëñàí êàòàëîãèéí íýðèéã çààíà. ¯¿íèé òóëä: Open Document öîíõíû (Home Directory) òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðñíààð Home Directory êàòàëîãèò øèëæèíý.
  • 20. Pop-up öýñýíä /mnt/cdrom, /mnt/floppy õýìýýí ñîíãîñíîîð êîìïàêò áîëîí óÿí äèñêýí äýõ ôàéë áîëîí êàòàëîãèéí æàãñààëòûã õàðíà. Çóðàã 5.7.1. Open Document öîíõ. Open Document öîíõíû ç¿¿í ãàð òàëûí òàëáàðò èäýâõòýé äèñê òºõººðºìæ äýõ ôàéë áîëîí êàòàëîãèéí æàãñààëò õàðàãäàõ áºãººä êàòàëîãèéí íýð äýýð õî¸ð äàðàëò õèéõ çàìààð êàòàëîãèéã íýýíý.
  • 21. Ôàéëûí íýðèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëáýë Open Document öîíõíû áàðóóí òàëûí òàëáàðò ôàéëûí àãóóëãà õàðàãäàíà. Íýýãäýõ áîëîìæã¿é ôàéë áèé ãýäãèéã àíõààðíà óó. Ýíýõ¿¿ òàëáàðò íýýõ ôàéëûí íýðèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.
  • 22. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. á. Ñ¿¿ëä íýýñýí áîëîí ººð÷ëºëò îðóóëàí õàäãàëñàí ôàéëûã íýýõ Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/Open Recent êîìàíäûã ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 4.7.2. Íýýãäýõ æàãñààëòààñ ôàéëûí íýðèéã ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.7.2. File/Open Recent êîìàíä.
  • 23. 5.9 Áàðèìòûã õàäãàëàõ Áàðèìòûã Save, Save As… êîìàíäóóäààð õàäãàëíà. Save êîìàíäûã äàðààõ 3 àðãààð ñîíãîæ áîëíî. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ File/Save êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Ctrl+S òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. File õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Save òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Save As… êîìàíäààð ôàéëûã äàõèí ººð íýðýýð, ººð êàòàëîãò õàäãàëäàã. Ýíýõ¿¿ êîìàíäûã äàðààõ áàéäëààð ã¿éöýòãýíý.
  • 24. File/Save As… êîìàíäûã ñîíãîíî. ªìíº íýð ºã÷ õàäãàëààã¿é ôàéëûí õóâüä Save êîìàíäûã ñîíãîâîë óã êîìàíäûã ñîíãîñîíòîé èæèë öîíõ íýýãäýíý. Íýýãäýõ Save document as öîíõíû pop-up öýñýíä õàäãàëàõ êàòàëîãèéã çààíà. Çóðàã 5.8. Save document as öîíõ.
  • 25. Location òàëáàðò ôàéëûí íýðèéã îðóóëíà. Filter òàëáàðò ôàéëûí òºðëèéã çààíà. KWord áàðèìòûí õóâüä ôàéëûí òºðëèéã KWord õýìýýí ñîíãîíî. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Æè÷: KWord ïðîãðàìì äýýð áîëîâñðóóëàãäñàí ôàéë íü .kwd ºðãºòãºëòýé áàéäàã.
  • 26. 5.10 Òåêñò ìýäýýëëèéã çàñâàðëàõ Òåêñò îðóóëàõ Òåêñòèéã õ¿ðýý (Frame) áóþó àæëûí òàëáàðò, òåêñò õ¿ðýý (Text Frame), õ¿ñíýãòýíä îðóóëæ áîëíî. ¯¿íèé òóëä õ¿ðýý áîëîí õ¿ñíýãòèéí í¿äýíä íýã äàðàëò õèéõ çàìààð êóðñîðûã èäýâõæ¿¿ëæ áè÷íý.
  • 27. Òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ Àæëûí òàëáàð äàõü òåêñòýí ìýäýýëëèéã äàõèí çàñâàðëàõûí òóëä ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëäýã. Èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí òåêñò íü öýíõýð äýâñãýð äýýð öàãààí ºí㺺ð áè÷èãäñýí õàðàãääàã. Èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí áîëîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëýýã¿é òåêñò.
  • 28. Òåêñòèéã ãàðààñ áîëîí õóëãàíû òóñëàìæòàéãààð ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ áîëîìæòîé. à. Òåêñòèéã ãàðààñ èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ Shift+Left Arrow - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ õîéøõè òåêñòèéã òýìäýãò òýìäýãòýýð èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Shift+Right Arrow - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ ºìíºõ òåêñòèéã òýìäýãò òýìäýãòýýð èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.9.4. Select Color õàðèëöàõ öîíõ.
  • 29. Shift+Up Arrow - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ äýýø ìºð ìºðººð òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Shift+Down Arrow - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ äîîø ìºð ìºðººð òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Shift+Home - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ ìºðèéí ýõëýë õ¿ðòýë êóðñîð èäýâõòýé áàéãàà ìºðèéí òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Shift+End - Êóðñîðûí áàéðëàëààñ ìºðèéí òºãñãºë õ¿ðòýë êóðñîð èäýâõòýé áàéãàà ìºðèéí òåêñòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.
  • 30. á. Òåêñòèéã õóëãàíû òóñëàìæòàéãààð èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ Èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ òåêñòèéí ýõýíä õóëãàíû çààãóóðûã áàéðëóóëàí õóëãàíû ç¿¿í òîâ÷ëóóðûã äàðààñòàéãààð òåêñòèéí òºãñãºë õ¿ðòýë ÷èðýõ äàðàëò õèéíý. Òåêñòèéí ¿ñãèéí õýìæýýã ººð÷ëºõ à.Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Format/Font… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî.
  • 31. Íýýãäýõ Select Font öîíõíû Size õýñãèéí æàãñààëòààñ òåêñòèéí ¿ñãèéí õýìæýýã ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.9.2.Çóðàã 5.9.2. Select Font öîíõ. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Á.Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Format õýðýãñëèéí Size òàëáàðûí óòãûã ººð÷èëíº. Çóðàã 5.9.3. Çóðàã 5.9.3. Format Toolbar õýðýãë¿¿ðèéí Size õýñýã.
  • 32. Òåêñòèéí ºíãèéã ººð÷ëºõ 1. Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. 2. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Format/Font… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. 3. Íýýãäýõ Select Font öîíõíû Change Color… òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Çóðàã 5.9.3. 4. Íýýãäýõ Select Color öîíõîíä ºí㺺 òîõèðóóëíà. Çóðàã 5.9.4.
  • 33. 5. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. 6. Select Font öîíõíû OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Á.Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Format õýðýãñëèéí Text Color òîâ÷ëóóðûí äîîø çààñàí ñóì á¿õèé õýñýã äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ ºí㺠ñîíãîëòûí òàëáàðò ººð÷ëºõ ºí㺺 ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.9.5.
  • 34. Çóðàã 5.9.5. ªí㺠ñîíãîëòûí òàëáàð. Â.Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Format õýðýãë¿¿ðèéí Text Color òîâ÷ëóóðûí A ¿ñýã á¿õèé õýñýã äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Select Color öîíõîíä ºí㺺 òîõèðóóëíà. Çóðàã 5.9.4. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Òåêñòèéí ôîíòûã ººð÷ëºõ
  • 35. Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Format/Font… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Íýýãäýõ Select Font öîíõíû Font òàëáàðûí æàãñààëòààñ ººð÷ëºõ øðèôòèéíõýý íýðèéã ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.9.3. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. á. Ôîðìàòëàõ òåêñòýý ñîíãîí èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.
  • 36. Format õýðýãñëèéí Font æàãñààëòààñ øðèôòèéíõýý íýðèéã ñîíãîíî. Òåêñòèéã õóóëàõ, 纺õ, áàðèìòàíä îðóóëàõ áîëîí çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îé Áàðèìòûã áîëîâñðóóëàõàä õóóëàõ (Copy), 纺õ (Cut), áàðèìòàíä îðóóëàõ (Paste) ¿éëäýë íü àæëûã õºíãºâ÷èëäºã. Copy êîìàíä Õóóëàõ êîìàíäûã äàðààõ àðãààð ñîíãîæ áîëíî.
  • 37. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Edit/Open êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Ctrl+C òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Edit õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Copy òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Copy êîìàíäûã ñîíãîñíîîð èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí òåêñòèéã Clipboard áóþó çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îéä õàäãàëíà. Ýõ òåêñò íü ÿìàð íýãýí ººð÷ëºëòã¿é õýâýýð ¿ëäýíý.
  • 38. Cut êîìàíä Ǻºõ êîìàíäûã äàðààõ àðãààð ñîíãîæ áîëíî. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Edit/Cut êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Ctrl+X òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Edit õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Cut òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Cut êîìàíäûã ñîíãîñíîîð èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí òåêñòèéã Clipboard áóþó çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îéä õàäãàëàõ áºãººä èäýâõæ¿¿ëñýí òåêñò áàðèìòààñ óñòãàãäàíà.
  • 39. Paste êîìàíä Õóóëàõ êîìàíäûã äàðààõ 3 àðãààð ñîíãîæ áîëíî. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Edit/Paste êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Ãàðûí Ctrl+V òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Edit õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Paste òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
  • 40. Paste êîìàíäûã ñîíãîñíîîð çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îéä õàäãàëñàí ìýäýýëëèéã êóðñîð èäýâõòýé áàéãàà áàéðëàëä îðóóëíà. Çàâñðûí ñàíàõ îéä õàäãàëàãäñàí òåêñòýí ìýäýýëëèéã õýäýí ÷ óäàà Paste êîìàíäààð îðóóëæ áîëíî. KWord ïðîãðàììûí ò¿ãýýìýë õýðýãëýãääýã êîìàíäóóäûã öýñíèé õýðýãñë¿¿äýýð òàéëáàðëàÿ. (Bold) ºðãºí áîëãîõ, ãàðûí Ctrl+B òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
  • 41. (Italic) íàëóó áîëãîõ, ãàðûí Ctrl+I òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. (Underline) äîîãóóð çóðààñòàé áîëãîõ, ãàðûí Ctrl+U òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. (Strike out) äóíäóóð çóðààñ îðóóëàõ, (Superscript) òåêñòèéã çýðýã áàéäëààð îðóóëàõ, (Subscript) òåêñòèéã èëòãýã÷ áàéäëààð îðóóëàõ
  • 42. (Align Left) õýâòýý òýíõëýãèéí äàãóó ç¿¿í òèéø çýðýãö¿¿ëýõ, (Align Center) õýâòýý òýíõëýãèéí äàãóó òºâä áàéðëóóëàõ, (Align Right) õýâòýý òýíõëýãèéí äàãóó áàðóóí òèéø çýðýãö¿¿ëýõ, (Align Block) ìºð òýíö¿¿ëýõ,
  • 43. (List) äóãààðëàõ, (Decrease Indent) äîãîë ìºð óðàãø øèëæ¿¿ëýõ, (Increase Indent) äîãîë ìºð õîéø øèëæ¿¿ëýõ. 5.11 Çóðàã îðóóëàõ Òåêñòèéí äóíä çóðàã îðóóëàí áàðèìò áîëîâñðóóëæ áîëíî.
  • 44. Áàðèìòàíä çóðàã îðóóëàõûí òóëä: Êîìàíäûã äàðààõ àðãààð ñîíãîíî.à. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Insert/Picture… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.10.1.Çóðàã 5.10.1. Insert/Picture… êîìàíä.á. Ãàðûí F3 òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.â. Insert õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Picture òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
  • 45. Íýýãäýõ Insert Picture öîíõîíä äàðààõ ¿éëäëèéã õèéíý. jpeg, png, tiff ãýõ ìýò òºðëèéí çóðãèéí ôàéëûã îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä Choose Image òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð, áýëýí çóðãèéí ñàíãààñ çóðàã îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä Choose Clipart òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð òóñ òóñ äàðíà. Çóðàã 5.10.2.
  • 46. Çóðàã 5.10.2. Insert Picture öîíõ. Íýýãäýõ Choose Image öîíõîíä çóðãèéí ôàéëàà ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.10.3. Çóðàã 5.10.3. Choose Image öîíõ. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Insert Picture öîíõîíä ñîíãîñîí çóðàã õàðàãäàõ áºãººä Insert Picture Inline ñîíãîëòûã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
  • 47. 5.12 Õ¿ñíýãòòýé àæèëëàõ Õ¿ñíýãò îðóóëàõ Êîìàíäûã äàðààõ àðãààð ñîíãîíî.à. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Insert/Table… êîìàíä ñîíãîíî. Çóðàã 5.10.1.á. Ãàðûí F5 òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.â. Insert õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Table òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Insert Table öîíõîíä äàðààõ ¿éëäëèéã õèéíý.
  • 48. à. Number of Rows: òàëáàðò õ¿ñíýãòèéí ìºðèéí òîîã äýýø áîëîí äîîø ÷èãëýñýí ñóì á¿õèé òîâ÷ëóóðûí òóñëàìæòàéãààð îðóóëíà.
  • 49. á. Number of Columns: òàëáàðò õ¿ñíýãòèéí áàãàíûí òîîã äýýø áîëîí äîîø ÷èãëýñýí ñóì á¿õèé òîâ÷ëóóðûí òóñëàìæòàéãààð çààíà. Çóðàã 5.11.1. Insert Table öîíõ. Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëýõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéí õ¿ðýý øóãàì äýýð õóëãàíû çààãóóðûã áàéðëóóëàõàä õóëãàíû çààãóóð ãàð õýëáýðòýé áîëîõ áºãººä ýíý ¿åä íýã äàðàëò õèéõ çàìààð èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý.
  • 50. Çóðàã 5.11.2. Õ¿ñíýãò èäýâõæñýí áàéäàë. Õ¿ñíýãòýä ìºð îðóóëàõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Table/Insert Row… êîìàíä ñîíãîõ áóþó Table õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Insert Row òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Çóðàã 5.11.3.
  • 51. Çóðàã 5.11.3. Table/Insert Row… êîìàíä. Íýýãäýõ Insert Row öîíõíû Insert New Rows òàëáàðò ìºð îðóóëàõ áàéðëàëûã çààíà. Çààñàí ìºðèéí ºìíº îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä Before, õîéíî îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä After ñîíãîëòûã òóñ òóñ èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Çóðàã 5.11.4.
  • 52. Çóðàã 5.11.4. Insert Row öîíõ. Row: òàëáàðò øèíý ìºð îðóóëàõ ìºðèéí äóãààðûã çààíà. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Õ¿ñíýãòýä áàãàíà îðóóëàõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Table/Insert Column… êîìàíä ñîíãîõ áóþó Table õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Insert Column òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
  • 53. Íýýãäýõ Insert Column öîíõíû Insert New Column òàëáàðò áàãàíà îðóóëàõ áàéðëàëûã çààíà. Çààñàí áàãàíûí ºìíº îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä Before, õîéíî îðóóëàõ òîõèîëäîëä After ñîíãîëòûã òóñ òóñ õèéíý. Çóðàã 5.11.5. Insert Column öîíõ. Column: òàëáàðò øèíý áàãàíà îðóóëàõ áàãàíû äóãààðûã çààíà. OK òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. .
  • 54. Õ¿ñíýãòèéí ìºð óñòãàõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Table/Delete Row… êîìàíä ñîíãîõ áóþó Table õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Delete Row òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Delete Row öîíõíû Delete Row: òàëáàðò óñòãàõ ìºðèéí äóãààðûã çààíà. Çóðàã 5.11.6. Çóðàã 5.11.6. Delete Row öîíõ
  • 55. Delete òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Õ¿ñíýãòèéí áàãàíà óñòãàõ Õ¿ñíýãòèéã èäýâõæ¿¿ëíý. Öýñíèé ìºðíººñ Table/Delete Column… êîìàíä ñîíãîõ áóþó Table õýðýãñëýýñ ä¿ðñ á¿õèé Delete Column òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà. Íýýãäýõ Delete Column öîíõíû Delete Column: òàëáàðò óñòãàõ áàãàíû äóãààðûã çààíà. Çóðàã 5.11.7.
  • 56. Çóðàã 5.11.7. Delete Column öîíõ. Delete òîâ÷ëóóð äýýð äàðíà.
  • 57. OpenOffice програмыг Windows үйлдлийн системийн Word програмын ашиглах боломтой юм. Бид өдөр тутам албан бичиг, гэрийн даалгавар, бие даалт гээд л төрөл бүрийн бичиг цаасны ажилтай нүүр тулдаг билээ. Хааяа санамсаргүй илүү үсэг дарчих, эсвэл алдаад бичих тохиолдол гарах нь олонтаа. Харин энэ асуудлыг OpenOffice нэг жижигхэн нэмэлт таны энэ бүх асуудлуудыг  шийдчихвэл гоё биш гэж үү? Одоо харин хэрхэн суулгах талаар заавар бичье!
  • 58. Эхлээд нэмэлтээ http://extensions.services.openoffice.org/en/project/mnSpell энэ хаягаар орж   Get it! гэсэн товчин дээр дарж татаж авна. Татсан бол Places->Downloads гэсэн хавтас дотор  dict-mn_0.06-5.oxt нэртэй файл татагдсан байх ба үүнийг с уулгадаг шиг суулгана. Суулгасан бол програмаа нээгээд.
  • 59. Format->Character… цэс рүү орно. Орсны дараа дараах зурган дээрхи шиг жижигхэн цонх гарч ирнэ. Гарч ирсэн жижиг цонхны Language цэснээс Mongolian гэсэн сонголтыг дараах байдлаар сонгоно. Урдаа “ABC” гэсэн жижиг тэмдэгт байгаа нь тухайн хэлний алдаа шалгагч суужээ гэж ойлгож болно. Сонгосон бол OK дарж гараад бүх тохиргоо дууслаа. Ингээл төрөлх Монгол хэлээрээ алдаагүй зөв бичхэд туслах болно.
  • 60.