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KWL5WH: Cracking 
the Code to Reading 
Comprehension 
NWACC 
Reading 
Strategies 
Workshops
Definition of KWL Model 
 Created to enhance 
reading comprehension 
in content areas. 
 All three parts of the 
model focus on a 
different aspect of your 
individual learning style. 
 The KWL model is also 
used as an 
organizational tool 
because it allows you to 
identify known 
information about a 
given subject.
Purpose of the KWL 
 Start by brainstorming any prior 
knowledge you may have on the topic. This develops a curiosity 
on the subject and gets you interested in learning more about it. 
 Decide what you would like to learn about the subject. This gives 
self motivation to read and make up your own questions. 
 Identify what you understood. This helps with self-monitoring of 
comprehension. 
 This chart also gives an opportunity for students to expand on their 
ideas and formulate new ones. 
Text 
Brainstorm 
what you 
know 
(curiosity) 
Decide what 
you want 
to know 
(motivation) 
The KWL chart is a “before-and-after” 
strategy to help with reading 
comprehension strategies. 
Identify what 
you learned 
(self-monitoring)
Breaking the Model 
Down… 
First Column of KWL Model= K 
●What do you already know about the 
topic? 
Topic: School Shootings 
Example K Column: 
Newtown, CT/many children killed 
Columbine/one of the earlier school 
shootings 
Seem to be more frequent 
Lockdown drills and procedures
Topic: School Shootings 
K: What do you already know? W: What do you want to know? L: What did you learn? 
• Newtown, CT, 
many elementary 
children killed 
• Columbine/one of 
the earlier school 
shootings 
• Seem to be more 
frequent 
• Lockdown drills 
and procedures
Breaking the Model 
Down… 
Second Column of KWL Model= W 
●What do you want to know? 
W Column: 
How many school shootings have 
there been? 
Are they increasing? 
What solutions are being 
proposed? 
What causes the school 
shootings?
Topic: School Shootings 
K: What do you already know? W: What do you want to know? L: What did you learn? 
• Newtown, CT, 
many elementary 
children killed 
• Columbine/one of 
the earlier school 
shootings 
• Seem to be more 
frequent 
• Lockdown drills 
and procedures 
• How many school 
shootings have there 
been? 
• Are they increasing? 
• What solutions are 
being proposed? 
• What causes the 
school shootings? 
• What are the most 
serious school 
shootings?
Jan 28, 2014 / National / Abby Ohlheiser 
January's Epidemic: 11 School Shootings in 19 Days 
January 2014 is threatening to become the month when gun 
violence became a matter of routine in America's schools. Since the 
start of the month, there have been at least 11 active shooting 
incidents on a high school or college campus, one for every two 
weekdays of the month (including New Year's Day.) Those shootings 
— all on or near school grounds while students were present, and 
most perpetrated by students themselves — have claimed at least 
two lives and injured at least 11 students. 
For comparison, there were as many as 28 school shootings during 
the entire year of 2013, the 12 months after Adam Lanza shot and 
killed 20 first-graders and 6 teachers in Newtown, Connecticut. In 
other words, the year our nation had supposedly had enough and 
was finally going to do something about gun violence. 
ThinkProgress also noted the frequency of school shootings this 
month, concluding that there's been a shooting pretty much every 
other day so far. When you factor in lockdowns and scares, and note 
that most schools were on holiday break until at least the 6th (and 
that January 20th, Martin Luther King Day, was also a national 
holiday) gun incidents have become an almost daily occurrence at 
American schools this year.
Breaking the Model 
Down… 
Third Column of KWL Model= L 
●What have you learned? 
●Read about your topic to answer the 
questions you had and other relevant 
information. 
Examples: Record-breaking 28 school 
shootings in 2012 
11 School Shootings in January 2014 
Gun-control laws and anti-bullying 
initiatives are being proposed to remedy
Topic: School Shootings 
K: What do you already know? W: What do you want to know? L: What did you learn? 
• Newtown, CT, 
many elementary 
children killed 
• Columbine/one of 
the earlier school 
shootings 
• Seem to be more 
frequent 
• Lockdown drills 
and procedures 
• How many school 
shootings have there 
been? 
• Are they increasing? 
• What solutions are 
being proposed? 
• What causes the 
school shootings? 
• Where do most of the 
school shootings 
occur? 
• Record-breaking 
28 school 
shootings in 2012 
• 11 School 
Shootings in 
January 2014 
• Gun-control laws 
and anti-bullying 
initiatives are 
being proposed to 
remedy
5WH 
 5WH is another 
reading 
comprehension 
strategy using 
questions. 
 The 5 W’s are 
Who? What? 
When? Where? 
and Why? 
 The H is How? 
Who? What? 
Topic 
When? 
Where? 
Why? 
How?
Topic: School Shootings 
Who? 
Who are the shooters? 
Who are the victims? 
Who is involved with 
publicizing and fighting 
against school shootings? 
What? 
What is changing in regard to 
school shootings? 
What are the effects of 
school shootings? 
When? 
When are school shootings 
occurring? 
When did school shootings 
start happening? 
Where? 
Where are school shootings 
occurring? 
Why? 
Why are school shootings 
occurring? 
Why has little legislation been 
passed regarding school 
shootings? 
Why are school shootings 
increasing? 
How? 
How many school shootings 
are occurring? 
How can we stop or 
decrease school shootings?

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Kwl5 wh reading comprehension

  • 1. KWL5WH: Cracking the Code to Reading Comprehension NWACC Reading Strategies Workshops
  • 2. Definition of KWL Model  Created to enhance reading comprehension in content areas.  All three parts of the model focus on a different aspect of your individual learning style.  The KWL model is also used as an organizational tool because it allows you to identify known information about a given subject.
  • 3. Purpose of the KWL  Start by brainstorming any prior knowledge you may have on the topic. This develops a curiosity on the subject and gets you interested in learning more about it.  Decide what you would like to learn about the subject. This gives self motivation to read and make up your own questions.  Identify what you understood. This helps with self-monitoring of comprehension.  This chart also gives an opportunity for students to expand on their ideas and formulate new ones. Text Brainstorm what you know (curiosity) Decide what you want to know (motivation) The KWL chart is a “before-and-after” strategy to help with reading comprehension strategies. Identify what you learned (self-monitoring)
  • 4. Breaking the Model Down… First Column of KWL Model= K ●What do you already know about the topic? Topic: School Shootings Example K Column: Newtown, CT/many children killed Columbine/one of the earlier school shootings Seem to be more frequent Lockdown drills and procedures
  • 5. Topic: School Shootings K: What do you already know? W: What do you want to know? L: What did you learn? • Newtown, CT, many elementary children killed • Columbine/one of the earlier school shootings • Seem to be more frequent • Lockdown drills and procedures
  • 6. Breaking the Model Down… Second Column of KWL Model= W ●What do you want to know? W Column: How many school shootings have there been? Are they increasing? What solutions are being proposed? What causes the school shootings?
  • 7. Topic: School Shootings K: What do you already know? W: What do you want to know? L: What did you learn? • Newtown, CT, many elementary children killed • Columbine/one of the earlier school shootings • Seem to be more frequent • Lockdown drills and procedures • How many school shootings have there been? • Are they increasing? • What solutions are being proposed? • What causes the school shootings? • What are the most serious school shootings?
  • 8. Jan 28, 2014 / National / Abby Ohlheiser January's Epidemic: 11 School Shootings in 19 Days January 2014 is threatening to become the month when gun violence became a matter of routine in America's schools. Since the start of the month, there have been at least 11 active shooting incidents on a high school or college campus, one for every two weekdays of the month (including New Year's Day.) Those shootings — all on or near school grounds while students were present, and most perpetrated by students themselves — have claimed at least two lives and injured at least 11 students. For comparison, there were as many as 28 school shootings during the entire year of 2013, the 12 months after Adam Lanza shot and killed 20 first-graders and 6 teachers in Newtown, Connecticut. In other words, the year our nation had supposedly had enough and was finally going to do something about gun violence. ThinkProgress also noted the frequency of school shootings this month, concluding that there's been a shooting pretty much every other day so far. When you factor in lockdowns and scares, and note that most schools were on holiday break until at least the 6th (and that January 20th, Martin Luther King Day, was also a national holiday) gun incidents have become an almost daily occurrence at American schools this year.
  • 9. Breaking the Model Down… Third Column of KWL Model= L ●What have you learned? ●Read about your topic to answer the questions you had and other relevant information. Examples: Record-breaking 28 school shootings in 2012 11 School Shootings in January 2014 Gun-control laws and anti-bullying initiatives are being proposed to remedy
  • 10. Topic: School Shootings K: What do you already know? W: What do you want to know? L: What did you learn? • Newtown, CT, many elementary children killed • Columbine/one of the earlier school shootings • Seem to be more frequent • Lockdown drills and procedures • How many school shootings have there been? • Are they increasing? • What solutions are being proposed? • What causes the school shootings? • Where do most of the school shootings occur? • Record-breaking 28 school shootings in 2012 • 11 School Shootings in January 2014 • Gun-control laws and anti-bullying initiatives are being proposed to remedy
  • 11. 5WH  5WH is another reading comprehension strategy using questions.  The 5 W’s are Who? What? When? Where? and Why?  The H is How? Who? What? Topic When? Where? Why? How?
  • 12. Topic: School Shootings Who? Who are the shooters? Who are the victims? Who is involved with publicizing and fighting against school shootings? What? What is changing in regard to school shootings? What are the effects of school shootings? When? When are school shootings occurring? When did school shootings start happening? Where? Where are school shootings occurring? Why? Why are school shootings occurring? Why has little legislation been passed regarding school shootings? Why are school shootings increasing? How? How many school shootings are occurring? How can we stop or decrease school shootings?